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Criminal Law I Syllabus

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Semester, AY 2006-200;

BASIC TEXT: BOOK 1, REVISED PENAL CODE (REYES) CRIMINAL LAW: DEFINITION AND SOURCES A. Definition B. State authority to punish crime

1.

Sources Constitution (1987), Art. II, Sec. 5

Section 5. The maintenan maintenance ce of peace and order, the protection of life, liberty, and property, and promotion of the general welfare are essential for the enjoyment by all the people of the blessings of democracy. Constitution (1987), Art VI, Sec. 1

Section Sectio n 1. The legisla legislativ tivee pow power er sh shall all be ves vested ted in the Congres Congresss of th thee Philippines which shall consist of a Senate and a House of Representatives, except to the extent reserved to the people by the provision on initiative and referendum. CASES: People v. Santiago, 43 Phil 124 (1922) US v. Pablo, 35 Phil 94 (1916)

2.

Limitations

Constitution (1987), Art. III, Secs, 1, 14111 2000 Revised Rules on Criminal Procedure, Rule 115 Civil Code, Art. 2 Visiting Forces Agreement CASES: Pesigan v, Angeles, 129 SCRA 174 (1984) Tai7k2da v. Tuvera, 136 SCRA 27 (1985) 1

3.

Penological objectives

A. F. Tadiar Ph ilosophy o4l a Penal Code, 52 Phil LJ 165 (1977, C. BASIC PRINCIPLES 1. Generality of C ri minal Law 

Constitution (1987), Art.  VI, Sec. 1 Civil Code, Art. 14 Art.ForcesAgreement(VA), tArt.V o See M.M. Magallona, Legal tsses in the PP-US Visitin g Forces  Agreement (1999). I

2.

Territoriality of Criminal Law  RPC, Art. 2 Constitution (1987), Art. 1 VFA, Art. V (See Art. 163 & 166, RPC) CASE: US v. Ah Sing, 36 Phil 978 (1917) Miquiabas v. Commanding General, 80 Phil 262 (1948)

2.

Prospectivity of Criminal Law  RPC, Arts. 21, 22 Civil Code, Art. 4 CASE: Gumabon v. Director of Prisons, 37 SCRA 4 20 (1971)

2. &Vlum Crimen Nu!la Poena Sine Lege (There is no crime when there is no Law, There must be no crime or punishment  except in accordance with fixed, predetermined law) RPC, Arts. 3, 21 CASES: Bernardo v. People, 123 SCRA 365 (1983) People v. Pimentel, 288 SCRA 542 (1998) David vs. GMA, 489 SCRA 160, 259 3.

Strict construction of ponal laws against State

Constitution (1987), Art. III, Sec. 14 (2) CASE: Pascual v. Board of Examiners, 28 SCRA 344 (1969) D. GENERAL PROVISIO~sS RPC, Art. 1, 2 1:. I

FELONIES  A. FIC)"'JCOMP-M-FTED I. Dolo, RPC, Art. 3 a. b. c. d.

Elements Presumption of Criminal Intent General and specific intent Intent and motive

CASES: Peo le v. Temblor 2

161 SCRA 623

1988

e. Mistake of Fact

C AS FES ~ US v. Ah Chong, 15 Ph il 488 (1910) People v. Oanis, 74 Phil 257 (1943) 2. Culpa RPC, Arts. 3, 365 a. Elements b. Distinguished from

CASE: People v. Buan, 22 SCRA 1383 (1968) People vs. Pugay, 167 SCRA 439 C.

1

01'OES DEFINED AND PENALIZED BY SPECIAL LAWS Crimes mala in se and mala Prohibita

CASE: Estrada v. Sandiganbayan 369 SCRA 394 (2001) 2. Relation of RPC to special laws RPC, Art. 10

CASES: Padilla v. Dizon, 158 SCRA 127 (1988) Padilla Collet ol Appea ls, 259 SCRA 402 (1997) People v. Sa l ey, 291 SCRA 715 (1993) People v. 'Dimon, 234 SCRA 555 (1994) Ladonga v. People, 451 SCRA 673 (20015) People v. Bustinera, 431 SCRA 284 (2004.) C. FU," 71SHABLE CONDUCT 16

Wrongful act different from that intended

RPC, Art. 4(1)

CASE: People v. Saba lones, 294 SCRA 751 (1988) 2 . O m i s s i o n RPC, Arts. 116, 137, 208, 223, 2234,A +,

Pres. Dec. Nos. 953, 1153

275

RPC, Arts. 8, 115, 136, 141, 186, 306, 340 CASES: US v. Bautista, 6 Phil. 581 (1906) People v. Vengco, 127 SCRA 242 (1984) People v. Valdez, 159 SCRA 153 (1988) People v. Escober, 157 SCRA 541 (1988) People v. Elijorde, 306 SCRA 188 (1999) People v. Fabro, 325 SCRA 285 (2000) People v. Bello, 428 SCRA 388 (20.04) Li v. People, 427 SCRA 217 (2001) People v. Bagano, 375 SCRA 470 (2002) People v. Bangcado, 346 SCRA 189 (2000) People v. Ramos, 427 SCRA 299 (2004) 4 . A t t e m p t   RPC, Art. 6

CASES: People v. Lamahang, 61 Phil 703 (1935) People v. Dio, 130 SCRA 151 ( 1984) People v. Trinidad, 169 SCRA 51 (1989) People v. Campuhan, 329 SCRA 270 (2000) People v. Listerio, 335 SCRA 40 (2000) 5. Frustration RPC, Art.6

CASES: People v. Erinia, 50 Ph: ; !. 998 (1927) People v. O-.i'La, -184 SCRA 105 (1990) People v. Caballero, 400 SCRA 424 (2003) 6 . Consummation RPC, Art. 6

CASES: US v. Adiao, 38 Phil 754 4 (1955) People v. Hernandez, 49 Phil 980 (1925) D. Classification of Felonies 1. Grave '2. Less Grave 3. Light Felonies

RPC, Art. 9 RPC, Art. 7 , 1

11 1 .

CRIMINAL LIABILITY  A. How incurred

4

1. Commission of felony  1. Wrongful act different from what was intended  2. Impossible crimes

RPC, Art. 4 CASES: U rba no v. IAC, 157 SCRA 1 ( 1998) Intod v. CA, 215 SCRA 52 (1992) Quinto vs. Andres, 453 SCRA 511 (2005) People v. Valledor, 383 SCRA 653 (2001)

B. Circumstances affecting criminal liability 1. Justifying circumstances

RPC, Art. 11

SELF-DEFENSE, DEFENSE OF RELATIVES AND STRANGERS, DEFENSE OF PROPERTY, DEFENSE OF REPUTATION •

R.A. 9262 (27 March 2004) Sections 3 & 26 in relation to People v. Genosa, 419 SCRA 537 (2004) CASES: People v. Narvaez, 121 SCRA 389 (1983) People v. Bohol st-Ca ba I lero, 61 SCRA 180 (1974) People v. Alconga, 78 Phil 366 (1947) People v- Sumicad, 56 Phil 643 (1932) People v. Luague, 62 Phil 504 (1935) People v. Dela Cruz, 61 Phil 344 (1935) People v. Jaurigue, 76 Phil. 174 (1946) U~ v. Bumanglang, 14 Phil. 644 (1909) Toledo v. People, 439 SCRA 94 (2004) People vs. EnIf ectana 381 SCRA 359 (2002) Cano v. People 413 SCRA 92 (2003) Ba lunueco v. CA, 401 SCRA 76 People v. Dijan, 383 SCRA 15 (2002) •

STATE OF NECESSITY (AVOIDANCE OF GREATER EVIL) People v. Ricohermoso, 56 SCRA. 431 (1974) Ty v. People, 439 SCRA 220 (2004)



FULFILLMENT OF DUTY OR LAWFUL EXERCISE OF RIGHT Civil (.ode, Art. 429 CASES: People v. Deli a, 46 Phil 738 (1922) People v. Oanis, 74 Phil 257 (1943) Pomoy v. People, 439 SCRA 439 (2004)

People v. Ulep, 340 SCRA 688 (2000)



OBEDIENCE TO SUPERIOR ORDER CASES: People v. Beronilla, 96 Phil 566 (1955) Tabuena v. Sandiaanbayan, 268 SCRA 332 (1997)

2. Exempting Circumstances RPC, Art. 12 •

INSANITY AND IMBECILITY CASES: In Re: M'Naghten, 8 Eng. Rep. 718 (reserve section Library) People v. Tabugoca, 285 SCRA 312 (1998) People v. Madarang, 332 SCRA 99 (2000) People v. Bonoan, 64 Phil 87 (1937) People v. Taneo, 58 Phil 255 (1933) People v. Formigones, 87 Phil 658 (1950) People v. Valledor, 383 SCRA 653 (2002)



MINORITY R.A. 9344 Sec. 6 (Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act of 2006) RPC, Art. 80 P res. Dec. No. 603, Arts. 189 et seq. ~~-ule on Commitment of Children No. 02-1-19-SC) I -,

Rule on Juveniles in Conflict with Law (A.M. No. 02-1-18-SC) CASE: People v. Doquena, 68 Phi: 580 (1939) Jose v. People, 448 SCRA 116(2005) Llane v. People, 438 SCRA 376 (200,S) e. ACCIDENT US v. Tanedo, 15 Phil. 196 (1910) People v. Bindoy, 56 Phil 15 (1931) People v. Concepcion, 386 SCRA 74 (2002) People v. Agliday, 367 SCRA 273 (2001)



IRRESISTIBLE FORCE-I F UNCONTROLLABLE FEAR People v. Using, 285 SCRA 595 (1998) Peo le v. Elicanal 35 Phil 209 1916

11

People v. Fronda, 222 SCRA 71 (1993) Ty v. People 439 SCRA 220 (2004)



INSUPERABLE OR LAWFUL CAUSES US v. Vincentillo, 19 Phil 118 (1911) People v. Bandian, 63 Phil 530 (1936) People v. Ventura, 433 SCRA 389

3. Mitiaatina Circumstances RPC, Art. 13 • • •

INCOMPLETE JUSTIFICATION/EXEMPTION UNDER OVER 70 YEARS OF AGE NO CASES: People v. Ural, 56 SCRA 138 (1974) People v. Amit, 32 SCRA 95 (1970) People v. Regato, 127 SCRS 287 (1984) People v. Collet, 382 SCRA 43 (2002)



SUFFICIENT PROVOCATION OR THREAT

''`DIP

People v. Pagal, 79 SCRA 570 (1977) Romero v. People 434 SCRA 467 (2004) i -J C,

ATE VF DILATION OF A GRAVE OFFENSE US v',Ampar, 37 Phil 201 (1917) People v. Parana, 64 Phil 331 (1937) People v. Diokno, 63 Phil 601 (1935) People v. Torpio, 431 SCRA 9 (2004) •

PASSION OR OBFUSCATION People v. Muit, 117 SCRA 696 (1982) US v. Hicks, 14 Phil 217 (1909) US v. Dela Cruz, 22 Phil. 429 (1912) People v. Germina, 290 SCRA 146 (1998) People v. Gonzalez, 359 SCRA 352 (2001) People v. Lab-eo, 373 SCRA 461 (2002) C

VOLUNTARY SURRENDER 

CASES: People v. Coronet, 17 SCRA 509 (1966) People v. Pinta, 318 SCRA 270 (1999) People v. Amaguin, 229 SCRA 166 (1994) People v. Dulos, 237 SCRA 141 (1994) Andrade v. People, 452 SCRA 685 (2005). •

PLEA OF GUILT People v. Crisostomo, 160 SCRA 47 (1988) People v. Jose. et al., 37 SCRA 450 (1971) People v. Montinola, 360 SCRA 631 (2001) People v. Dawaton, 389 SCRA 277 (2002)

• •

PHYSICAL DEFECTS ILLNESS

f.'JALOGOUS MITIGATING CIRCUMSTANCES

 4. Aggravating Circumstances RPC, Art. 14 CASES: People v. Antonio, 393 SCRA 169 (2002) People v. Sueia, 373 SCRA 163 (2002) People v. Mendoza, 327 SCRA 695 (2000) ADVANTAGE O F PUBLIC OFFICE RPC, Ark. 19(3)

CASES: People v. Capalac, 1117 SCRA 874 (1082)) People v. Gapasin, 231 SCRA 728 (1994) People v. Villamor, 373 SCRA 254 (2002) L-



IN CONTEMPT OF OR WITH INSULT TO PUBLIC AUTHORITIES



VVITH INSULT OR LACK OF REGARD DUE TO OFFENDED PARTY By R THASON OF RANK, AGE, OR SEX DWELLING

People v. Rodil, 109 SCRA 308 (1981) People v. Daniel, 86 SCRA 511 (1978) People v. Bahez-, 301 SCRA 248 (1999) People v. Lapaz, 171 SCRA 539 (1989) 8

People v. Montinola, 360 SCRA 631 (2001) People v. Tano, 331 SCRA 448 (2000) People v. Rios, 333 SCRA 823 (2000) People v. Arizobal, 348 SCRA 143 (2000) •

ABUSE OF CONFIDENCE AND OBVIOUS UNGRATEFULNESS People v. Mandolado, 123 SCRA 128 (1983) People v. Arrojado, 350 SCRA 679 (2001)



CC-\ZI1'y4,E RPC, Art. 296 CASES: People v. Jose, supra People v. Desalisa, 229 SCRA 35 (1994) People v. Silva, 387 SCRA 77 (2002) Peoplev. Ancheta, 431 SCRA 42 (2004) People v. Librando, 335 SCRA 232 (2000)

MEN OR MEANS TO ENSURE IMPUNITY RECIDIVISM RPC, Art. 160



CASE: People v. Molina, 336 SCRA 400 (2000) People v. Dacillo, 427 SCRA 528 (2004) •

R'-HiTERACION OR HABITUALITY RPC, Arts, 62(5), 160 CASE: People v. Gaorana, 289 SCRA 652 (1998) People v. Villapando, 178 SCRA 341 (1989) People v. Cajara, 341 SCRA 192 (2000)

• • •

PR!CE. REWARD OR PROMISE INUNDATION, FIRE, POISON EVIDENT PREMEDITATION People v. Bibat, 290 SCRA 27 (1998) People v. Lug-aw, 229 SCRA 308 (1994) People v. Camilet, 142 SCRA 402 (1986) People v. llaoa, 233 SCRA 231 (1994) i People v. Mond jar, 392 SCRA 356 (2002) People v. Torpio, supra People v. Bernal, 388 SCRA 211 (2002) People v. Biso, 400 SCRA 483 (2003)

9

CRAFT, FRAUD OR DISGUISE

People v. Marquez, 117 SCRA 165 (1982) People v. Empacis, 222 SCRA 59 (1993) People v. Labuguen, 337 SCRA 488 (2000) •

SUPERIOR STRENGTH OR MEANS TO WEAKEN DEFENSE People v. Cabato, 160 SCRA 98 (1988) People v. Ruelan, 231 SCRA 650 (1994) People v. Padilla, 233 SCRA 46 (1994) People v. Lobrigas, 394 SCRA 1 -170 (2002' Pcople v. Barcelon, 389 SCRA 556 (2002) People v. Sansaet, 376 SCRA 426 (2002) People v. Ventura, 433 SCRA 389 (2004) TREACHERY

People v. Castillo, 289 SCRA 213 (1998) People v. Sangalang, 58 SCRA 737 (1974) People v. Gutierrez, 158 SCRA 614 91988) People v. Verchez, 233 SCRA 174 (1994) People v. Rendaie, 344 SCRA -1-38 (2000) People v. Um3yam, 381 SCRA 323 (2002) People v. Piedad, 30,3 SCRA 488 (2002) People v. Dumadag, 431 SCRA 65 (2004) •

IGNOMINY People v. Siao, 327 SCRA 231 (2000) People v. Cachola, 420 SCRA 520 (2004; People v. Bumidang, 346 SCRA 807 (2000)



U N L A " . " . f F U L E N T R Y People v. Baello, 224 SCRA 218 (1993)

• • •

BREAKING WALL, FLOOR, ROOF WITH AID OF PERSONS UNDER 15 OR BY MOTOR VEHICLE CRUELTY People v. Lacao, 60 SCRA 89 (1974) People v. llaoa, supra  People v. Catian, 374 SCRA 514 (2002), People v. Guerrero, 389 SCRA 389 (2002)

10

SPECIAL AGGRAVATING CIRCUMSTANCE / QUALIFYING

RPC, Art. 266-B PD 1866 as amended by R.A. 8294 (06 July 1997) CASE: k '

)2000

People v. Balgos, 323 SCRA 3 72 i People vs Ladjaalam, 340 SCRA 617 (2000) 5. Alternative Circumstances RPC, Art. 15 RELATIONSHIP

CASE: People v. Atop, 286 SCRA 157 (1998) People v. Marcos, 349 SCRA 537 (2001) INTOXICATION

People v. Renejane, 158 SCRA 258 (1988) People v. Camano, 115 SCRA 688 (1982) •

DEGREE OF INSTRUCTION AND EDUCATION

6. Absolutory Causes and Other  Special Situations a.

Entrapment and Instigation

People v. Lua Chu, 66 Phil. 44 (1931) Araneta v. CA, 142 SCRA 532 (1986) People v. Pacis, 384 SCRA 684 (2002) a. Effect of Pardon RPC, Art. 23 Rep. Act No. 8353 b. Absolutory Causes RPC, Arts. 6(3), 7, 20, 16, 247, 280, 332– 344 a. Acts not covered by law and in case of excess i ve punishment

RPC,  Art. 5

CASE:

IV.

PERSONS CRIMINALLY LIABLE A. in Grave and Less Grave Felonies

1. Principals RPC, Art. 17 a.

by direct participation CASES: People v. Nunag, 173 SCRA 274 (1989) People v. Dela ' Cerna, 21 SCRA 569 (1967) People v. Dacillo, 427 SCRA 528 (2004)

b.

by induction People v. Dela Cruz, 97 SCRA 385 (1980) US v. Indianan, 24 Phil. 203 (1913)

c.

by ind isp ens abl e coo per ati on People v. Montealegre, 1611 SCRA 700

(1988)

2. Accomplices RPC, Art. 18 CASES: People v. Mandolado, supra People v. Doctolero. 193 SCRA 632 {1991) People v. Roche, 330 SCRA 91 (2000) People v. Pilola, 405 SCRA134 People v. Garcia, 373 SCRA 134 (2002') 1

3. Accessories RPC, Arts. 1n. Presidential Decree No. 1612 CASE: People v. Talingdan, 84 SCRA 19 (1978) People v. To!entinc), 380 SCRA 171 (2002) People v. Mariano, 347 SCRA 109 (2000) B. In Light Felonies V.

PENALTIES LTIES A. General. Principles 1. No ex post facto laws and  other  Constitutional   proh ib it io ns RPC, Art. 21

Constitution (1987), Art. 111, Secs. 18(1) & (2), 19(1), 20, 22 CASES: In Re: Kay Villegas Kami, 35 SCRA 429 (1970) People v. Ferrer, 48 SCRA 382 (1972) People v. Bracamonte, 257 SCRA 380 People v. Valdez, 304 SCRA 611 (11999) 2. Prospectivity; Exception RPC, Arts. 21, 22 Civil Code, Art. 4 CASES: People v. Gallo, 315 SCRA 461 0999) People,,,-. Patalin, 311 SCRA 18 -t (1999) 3.

Effect of Repeal of Penal Laws

a. b.

With reenactment Without reenactment CASE: People v. Pimentel, supra

B. Penalties which may be imposed RPC, Art. 25 1. Principal Penalties 2. Accessory Penalties

C. Spccg`ic Principal and Accessory Pen: hies 1.

Capital Punishment 

Republic Act No. 9 13-.0 ~,-;ng, the imposition o f t de-ath penalry" Republic Act No. 7659 Republic Act No. 8177 and Imp lementing Rules a,-i.d Reg-ilations Constitution (1987), Art. III, Sec. 19 RPC, Arts. 40, 47, 81-85 CASES: People v. Echegaray, 257 SCRA 5 ,51 (11996) Echegaray v. Secretary of justice, G.R. No. 132601, Resolution dated 4 and 19 January 1999 301 SCRA 96 People v. Esparas, et al. 260 SCRA 539 (1996) People v. Munoz, 170 SCRA 107 (1989) 2.

A ff li ct i ve P en al ti e s RPC,

 Arts. 27, 41-42 a. Reclusion Perpetua

13

i.

As Indivisible Penalty

CASE: People v. Gatward, 267 SCRA 785 (1997) People v. Ramirez, 356 SCRA 595 (2001) ii. Di st in gu is h fr om Li fe Im pr is on me nt People v. Ballabare, 264 SCRA 350 (1996) b. c.

Reclusion Temporal Prision Mayor

3. Correctional  Penalties a. Prision Correcciona! a. Arresto Mayor RPC, Arts. 27, 39, 43, 44 4. Light Penalties

a. Arresto Menor b. Public Censure RPC, Arts. 27, 39, 44 5. Fc!nal'tles common to afflictive, correctional and light penalties

a. Fine b. Bond, to ke=p the peace RPC, Arts. 25, 26, 35, 66 C. Accessory Penalties RFC, Arls.

41-45

cr Temporary Abso l ute Disqualification; 2. Perpetual or Temporary Special Disqualification; from Public Office, t y re Fight  to Vote and be Voted for, t  ' ;z? Right to Practice a Profession or Calling; 4. Civil Interdiction; 5. 1.-d  mnh-t c at  on or Confiscation oflnstruments or Proceeds of the .-e . -anon Offense 6. Payment  of Costs

D. Measures Not Considered Penalty RP""', Art. 24 Family Code, Art. 228-229 E. Application and Computation of Penalties 1. Generally 

14

RPC,  Arts. 28, 29, 46 CASE: People v. Formigones, 87 Ph il. 658 (1950)

2. Principals, Accompl i ces and Accessories in Consummated, Frustrated and Attempted Felonies

RPC,  Arts. 46, 50-57, 60-61 CASE: People v. Campuhan, supra 2. Effects of Mitigating and Aggravating Circumstances RPC,  Arts. 62-64, 67, 69 CASE: Lacanilao v. CA, 162 SCRA 563 (1988) 1 F. Special Rules 1.

Complex Crimes RPC,

 Art. 48 CASES: People v. Escober, supra People v. Hernandez, 99 Phil. 515 (1,9561. People v. Geronimo, 100 Phil. 99 (1956) Ponce Enrile v. Salazar, 186 SCRA 217 (1990) People v. Tol~ng, 62 SCRA 17 (1975) !`J`onteverda . v. People, 387 SCRA 196 (2002) People v. Gonzalez, 359 SCRA 362 (20011) -People v. Comadre, 431 SCRA 366 (2004) People v. Delos Santos, 355 SCRA 415 (2001) People v. Velasquez, 345 SCRA 728 (2000)

2.

Special Complex Crimes

People v. Fabon, 328 SCRA 302 (2000) People v. Empante, 306 SCRA 251 (1999) 3.

Crime different from that intended 

RPC,  Art. 49 4.

I mp os si bl e C ri me s RPC,

 Arts. 4(2), 59 5.  Additional penalty for certain accessories

RPC,  Art. 58 15

6.

Where the offender is below 18 years old RPC, Art. 68

Presidential decree No. 603, Art. 192 7.

The Three-Fold Rule RPC, Art. 70

CASE: Mejorada v. Sandiganbayan, 151 SCRA 339 (1987) 8.

Where the penalty is composed of three periods RPC, Art. 65 Law

G.

Act No. 4103 RPC, Art. 64 CASES: Dela Cruz v. CA, 265 SCRA 299 (1996) People v. Campuhan, supra People v. Saley, supra Execution and 1.

Execution of Penalties

RPC, Arts. 78, 86-88 Rules and Regulations to Implement RA No. 8177 In the Matter of the Petition for Habeas Corpus of Pete C. Lagran, 363 SCRA 275 (2001) 2 . E f f e c t s o f P r o b a t i o n L a w   Presidential Decree No. 968

(as amended) CASES:, Llamado v. CA, 174 SCRA 566 (1989) Baia v. I'vIlartinez, 181 SCRA 459 (1990) S algado v. CA, 189 SCRA 304 (1990) Office of the Court Adm inistrato r v. Librado, 260 SCRA 625 (1996) 3.

Suspension ins

of Insanit y   or Minority 

Republic Act No. 9344 RPC, Art. 79 Presidential Decree no. 603, Arts. 189-204 Rule on Juveniles in Conflict with the Law, Sec. 32 V1.

EX7NCTICN OF CRIMINAL LIABILITY A. Total Extinction RPC, Arts. 89-93, 36 CASES:

I6

Monsanto v. Factoran, 170 SCRA 190 (1989) Presidential Ad Hoc Fact-Finding Committee on Behest Loans v. Desierto, 363 SCRA 489 (2001) People v. Abungan, 341 SCRA 258 (2000) Recebido v. People, 346 SCRA 881 (2000) Del Castillo v. Torrecampo, 394 SCRA 221 (2002) People v. Patricia 341 SCRA 464 (2000) B. Partial Extinction RPC,  Arts. 94-99 Vla.

CIVIL LIABILITY ARISING FROM A FELONY  A. General Rule RPC, Art. 100 Civil Code, Arts. 20, 1161, 2176, 2177 2000 Rules on Criminal Procedure, Rule 111 CASESQuinto v. Andres, supra Chua v. CA 443 SCRA 142 (2004) Basilio v. CA, 328 SCRA 341 (2000) Philippine Rabbit v. People 427 SCRA 526 (2004) B. Special Cases 1.

1. 2.

Imbecility and those Over 9 and Under 15 Years of Age State of Necessity  Irresistible Force, Uncontrollable Fear of Greater or Equal Injury  Insanity,

RPC, Art. 101 3.

Innkeepers and Similar  Persons

RPC, Art. 102 4.

Subsidiary Liability of Other Persons

RPC, Art. 103 CASE. Carpio v. Doroja, 180 SCRA 1 (1989) C. What Civil Liability Includes RPC, Arts. 104-108 D. Persons Civilly Liable RPC, Arts. 108-111 E. Extinction of Civil Liability RPC, Arts. 112-113 Civil Code, Art. 12331

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