Dr. Dr. Ram Manohar Manohar Lohiya Lohiya National Law University, University, Lucknow 2012-13
Rough Draft – riminal Law- !
Critical Analysis of Basdev v State of Pepsu "U#M!$$%D $&'
Mr. K A Pandey Asstt. Professor (Law)
Vipasha Vipasha Ghangoria III e!ester ".A. LL.". (#ons.) Ro$$ %o. &'
"asde tate of Pepsu !$)$!&N
AIR &*'+ , -!N$R&DU$!&N
his /ase is 0asi/a$$y a0out 1Into2i/ation as a defense in /ri!ina$ $aw3. e/tion -+ dea$s with that /$ass of /ases where a !an gets into2i/ated o$untari$y. It i!putes the sa!e 4now$edge to su/h a !an as he wou$d hae had5 had he not 0een into2i/ated. 6ne who sins when drun4 0e punished when he is so0er5 qui peccat ebius luat sobrius. he fa/ts of the /ase are that the appe$$ant was ery drun4 and o$untari$y into2i/ated when he as4ed a 0oy to !oe fro! his p$a/e and when the 0oy de/$ined5 he shot the 0oy with a pisto$. his /ase5 first of a$$ /a!e 0efore the essions ,ourt. he appe$$ant was awarded the $esser pena$ty of transportation for $ife. he appe$$ant appea$ed to the P7P8 #igh ,ourt in Patia$a whi/h proed unsu//essfu$. pe/ia$ $eae was granted 0y the upre!e ,ourt $i!ited to the 9uestion whether the offen/e /o!!itted 0y the petitioner fe$$ under se/tion :;< of the Indian Pena$ ,ode or se/tion :; of the Indian Pena$ ,ode haing regard to the proisions of se/tion -+ of the Indian Pena$ ,ode. R%"%)R* +U%"$!&N"
he 9uestions that sha$$ 0e answered during the /ourse of the pro=e/t are> •
?hether there is a distin/tion 0etween intention5 4now$edge and !otie under the Indian Pena$ ,[email protected]
In !any /ases there is a thin $ine of distin/tion 0etween intention5 4now$edge and !otie. he 9uestion to 0e /onsidered is what separates the three under IP,. •
?hether in present /ase offen/e of !urder under inf$uen/e of drin4 /an 0e redu/ed to /u$pa0$e ho!i/ide not a!ounting to !urder under se/ond part of s. :; of IP,@
he a//used was into2i/ated. he 9uestion to 0e /onsidered is whether it o0s/ured his thin4ing and whether he /ou$d not hae thought a0out the /onse9uen/es of his a/t. •
?hether into2i/ation rendered the appe$$ant in/apa0$e of for!ing any [email protected]
he degree of into2i/ation sha$$ 0e deter!ined fro! the fa/ts of the /ase and it sha$$ 0e ana$yed whether the appe$$ant was in/apa0$e of for!ing any intention. •
?hether there is any differen/e 0etween defense of insanity /aused 0y e2/essie drun4enness and the defense of drun4enness whi/h !a4es a person in/apa0$e of for!ing any [email protected]
he differen/es 0etween 0oth the defenses sha$$ 0e e$a0orated during the /ourse of the pro=e/t. R%!% & $*% L!$%R)$UR% ases re/erre to in this ase' •
Re2 . Mea4in
Regina . ,ruse and Mary his wife
Reg. . Mon4Bhouse
Reg. . Doherty
Re2 . Meade
Dire/tor of Pu0$i/ Prose/utions . "eard
as the tren /ollowe in the resent case
he trend was fo$$owed in the present /ase that into2i/ation5 whether ino$untary or o$untary /annot 0e p$eaded as a defense so as to e2/u$pate the a//used fro! any $ia0i$ity su0=e/t to /ertain /onditions. It wou$d on$y 0e of he$p in !itigating the senten/e.
In Rex v Meade, it was he$d that a person is intended to 4now the /onse9uen/es of his a/t 0ut su/h a presu!ption /an 0e re0utted if the person proes that he was in su/h a state of into2i/ation so as to 0e/o!e in/apa0$e of 4nowing the /onse9uen/es of his a/t. In Director of Public Prosecution v Beard, it was he$d that se$fBindu/ed into2i/ation is no defense to a /harge of /ri!e5 i.e.5 the a//used gae way to io$ent passion. In Director of Public Prosecution v Majewski, it was he$d that se$fBindu/ed into2i/ation proides no defense and is irre$eant to offen/es of 0asi/ intent5 su/h as assau$t. In Bablu alias Mubaraik Hussain v State of Rajasthan, the , he$d that defense of drun4enness /an 0e aai$ed of on$y when into2i/ation produ/es su/h a /ondition as the a//used $oses the re9uisite intention for the offen/e.
he resear/h !ethodo$ogy e!p$oyed for the pro=e/t on this topi/ is do/trina$ or $i0raryB 0ased !ethodo$ogy. he issues ino$ed5 9uestion of $aw sha$$ 0e identified and ana$yed. he fa/ts sha$$ 0e ana$yed in ter!s of Law. It wi$$ a$so a!ount to signifi/ant 0a/4ground reading on the topi/ on whi/h this ,ase is 0ased upon. L%!"L)$!&N !$%D
Indian Pena$ ,ode5 &-+; s. -+ Indian Pena$ ,ode5 &-+; s. :;< Indian Pena$ ,ode5 &-+; s. :;
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K.D. Gaur5 1,ri!ina$ Law ,ases and Materia$s35 +th 7dition5 Le2is%e2is "utterworth ?adhwa.