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Different Types of Carpet and Materials

Published on November 2016 | Categories: Documents | Downloads: 8 | Comments: 0
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Over the last few centuries, developments in carpet manufacture have led to a wide range of carpet styles becoming available to both home and commercial users.

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Over the last few centuries, developments in carpet manufacture have led to a wide range of carpet styles becoming available to both home and commercial users. Combining these many different styles with the variety of man-made and natural fibres used in carpeting increases our choices even more. Axminster Carpet Axminster carpet is woven, and in its production, the tufts are inserted during the weaving of the backing. This style of carpet generally consists of jute wefts, and warps made of jute, cotton or synthetic materials. Each tuft is U-shaped and held in place by the weft, giving Axminster its characteristic velvety surface. Although it is possible to produce them in plain colours, Axminster carpets are usually always patterned, with the intricacy of design depending on the type of loom used. Berber Carpet Berber carpets are named after a hand made bulky wool that was textured and used by a tribe in North Africa: the Berber tribe. The Berber carpet that is used even today follows the same tradition of the tribe by using flecked bulky yarns to create a beautiful carpet. Berber carpets are generally used in the more casual areas with more traffic, like a family room. Some frieze or cut-pile Berber carpets are more stylish and may be used in more formal areas. Berbers limit footprints and vacuum tracks in informal areas. Berbers can have thicker yarns than other level loop pile carpets for high durability. These loops can retain dirt and may be damaged from snags. Berbers come in expensive wool fibres or less expensive nylon, olefin, or nylon-polyester fibres. There are several loop sizes with Berber carpets, from the large knobbly loops to small and tight loops. There are several choices as well, that include cut and loop designs, multiple level loops, and even level loops. The air pockets in the loops give the carpet a nice cushioned feel when you walk across it. They also offer an insulation factor, which helps to regulate the temperature of the room. Berber is easy to lay. Cut and Loop Pile Carpet

Intermixed loops and cut pile, creates a patterned design Loops are shorter than the cut pile creating a carved appearance Usually constructed in multi-colour designs, although solid colours also available The different levels help hide footprints and traffic patterns Multicolour effects hide soil and stains Good choice for a variety of room settings Cut Pile Saxony Carpet Refined cut-pile surface Generally made in solid colours Surface has a smooth, soft appearance Generally made with nylon, wool or polyester fibres Good performance and appearance Works well with traditional or formal room settings Adds distinctive elegance to any room Ideal for living and dining rooms Shows every footprint and vacuum-cleaner mark Medium durability Frieze Carpet Page 1

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Cut and loop pile combines cut and looped fibres to provide a variety of surface textures or sculptured effects for medium durability.

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Frieze is a highly twisted cut pile carpet suited for high traffic, informal areas. It has short fibres that tend to curl in different directions at the surface to hide footprints and vacuum marks. Extremely durable and excellent wearing Very textured, knobbly surface appearance Yarns very tightly twisted Cost more than textured cut pile carpets Good for active areas of the home Level Loop Carpet Level loop pile is made by weaving even loops of yarn into carpet backing at both ends. This type of carpet is very durable and track resistant because of its strong loops. Level loop piles with short and densely packed loops are easy to clean. They prevent dirt from filtering into carpet. Higher loops create a more luxurious appearance. Loops are same height and generally multi-coloured A wool-like look and rugged loop surface Usually made from polypropylene (olefin) carpet fibres Natural, hand-crafted appearance creates a warm, personal atmosphere Casual appearance, but extremely durable Tight loop texture helps hide footprints and vacuum marks Subtle patterns fit a variety of room styles Ideal choice for contemporary to country to cottage furnishings Multi-Level Loop Carpet

Textured Cut Pile Saxony Carpet Surface appearance is textured Stylish, casual appearance Very popular carpet style Textured surface helps hide footprints and vacuum marks Good choice for active areas of the home Adds casual beauty to any room A great 'whole-house' carpet Velvet (Plush) Carpets Velvets (or plushes) are lightly twisted and have a uniform colour. They are softer and more level than textured carpets and are ideal for formal areas (such as master bedrooms and living rooms) because of their luxurious appearance. However, this type of carpet will show every footprint and vacuum-cleaner mark. Wilton Carpet Wilton carpets are woven using one long continuous thread that is carried through the backing between tufts. This adds to the strength and weight of the carpet, but also makes this type of carpet more expensive than other woven carpets, such as Axminster. Wilton carpet is either plain or patterned with a limited range of colours. The number of colours is constrained by the weaving process, and Wilton designs will Page 2

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Generally multi-coloured Has several different heights of loops Offered in many unique looking designs and patterns Very durable, casual appearance Helps hides traffic patterns Great for family rooms and casual areas

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Multi-level loop pile is similar to level loop pile except that the loop heights vary (usually two to three different loop heights), creating an appearance of random texture. This type of carpet is good for high traffic areas but the smaller loops can sometimes hold more dirt.

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usually consist of no more than five colours. Always get your carpet professionally cleaned by a reputable local carpet cleaning company once every six to twelve months.

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