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Family Law (1)

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FAMILY LAW

LIMITATIONS ON THE RIGHT OF COPARCENERS IN ALIENATION OF JOINT FAMILY PROPERTY

SUBMITTED TO:

SUBMITTED BY:

Ms. ANKITA

PARV PARV JAIN JAIN

 

BBALL.B.(Hons.)  

A3221513021

LIMITATIONS ON THE RIGHT OF COPARCENERS IN ALIENATION OF JOINT FAMILY PROPERTYJoint Famil P!o"#!tBefore going tro!g "ro"ert# $e %!st &no$ t't $o ' 're te %e%ers or "'rt of *oint f'%i# 'n+ $o ' ,onstit!tes ' *oint f'%i# 1

B# +efinition ' *oint in+! f'%i# ,onsists of ' "ersons ine'# +es,en+e+ fro% ' ,o%%on

'n,estor in,!+ing teir $i-es 'n+ +'!gters. Te ,o%%on 'n,estor is ne,ess'r# for ringing ' Joint Hin+! '%i# into e/isten,e for its ,ontin!'n,e ,o%%on 'n,estor is not ' ne,essit#. Te +e't of ,o%%on 'n,estor +oesnt %e'n t't te *oint f'%i# ,o%es to 'n en+. A in+!  *oint f'%i# is not ' ,or"or'te. It 's no eg' entit# +istin,t 'n+ se"'r'te fro% t't of te %e%ers $o ,onstit!te. Its not '  *!risti, "erson eiter. HJ is re"resente+ # K'rt'. HJ is 'so +iff. fro% ,o%"osite f'%i#. A singe %'e or fe%'e ,'nt %'&e ' HJ e-en if te 'ssets 're "!re# 'n,estr'. Tere is no "res!%"tion t't *oint f'%i# "ossesses *oint "ro"ert#.  Tere is no "res!%"tion t't "ro"ert# e+ # ' %e%er of *oint f'%i# or ' !siness ,on+!,te+ # ' ,o"'r,ener is *oint f'%i# !siness. In Hin+! L'$ e/isten,e of *oint "ro"ert# is not ' ,on+ition "re,e+ent to te e/isten,e of *oint f'%i#. 2

Pro"ert# !n+er Hin+! '$ %'# e +i-i+e+ into t$o ,'sses -i. 1. Joint4f'%i# "ro"ert# or ,o"'r,en'r# "ro"ert# 2. e"'r'te "ro"ert# or sef4',6!ire+ "ro"ert#.

1

$tt":%%&&&'la&#!()l*+in,ia')om%#"#!t(%Joint-.amil-"!o"#!t-/01234'a("5'67849Y1U#AU

2 http://www.shareyouressays.com/117745/what-are-the-diferent-classes-o-propertyunder-hindu-law

3

Joint-.amil "!o"#!t o! Co"a!)#na! "!o"#!t

Joint4f'%i# "ro"ert# or ,o"'r,en'r# "ro"ert# signifies te "ro"ert# in $i, ' te ,o"'r,eners '-e ,o%%!nit# of interest 'n+ !nit# of "ossession. !, "ro"ert# ,onsists of4 1. An,estr' "ro"ert# 2. Pro"ert# *oint# ',6!ire+ # te %e%ers of te *oint f'%i# 3. e"'r'te "ro"ert# of ' %e%er 7tro$n into te ,o%%on sto,&8 9. Pro"ert# ',6!ire+ # ' or 'n# of te ,o"'r,ener $it te 'i+ of *oint f'%i# f!n+s. 9

In Bhagwant P. Sulakhe v. Digamber Gopal Sulakhe te !"re%e :o!rt oser-e+ t't te

,'r',ter of 'n# *oint f'%i# "ro"ert# +oes not ,'nge $it te se-eren,e of te st't!s of te  *oint f'%i# 'n+ *oint f'%i# "ro"ert# ,ontin!es to ret'in its *oint f'%i# ,'r',ter so ong 's te *oint f'%i# "ro"ert# is in e/isten,e 'n+ is not "'rtitione+ '%ongst te ,o4s'rers. B# ' !ni'ter' ',t it is not o"en to 'n# %e%er of te *oint f'%i# to ,on-ert 'n# *oint f'%i#  "ro"ert# into is "erson' "ro"ert#. •

Ancestral Property:

By the term “ancestral property” is meant that property which descends from father, father’s father and great grandfather. In this property a person’s descendant’s pto three generations, i.e., sons, son’s son, son’s son’s son ac!ire an interest "y "irth.

Te %'n'ger of ' *oint f'%i# ,'nnot st'rt ' ne$ !siness so 's to in+ te s're of te oter '+!t ,o"'r,eners !ness te !siness is st'rte+ or ,'rrie+ on $it teir e/"ress or i%"ie+ ,onsent. Te in,o%e of *oint f'%i# !siness ,onstit!tes *oint f'%i# "ro"ert#.

# $tt":%%&&&'($a!#o*!#((a(')om%4420%&$at-a!#-t$#-,i..#!#nt-)la((#(-o.-"!o"#!t-*n,#!-$in,*-la& $ Mo,#!n Hin,* La&; D!' Pa!a( Di&an; T&#nti#t$ E,ition

i%i'r# 'n# "ro"ert# ',6!ire+ in e/,'nge of ' *oint f'%i# "ro"ert# $o!+ 'so e e+ to  e *oint f'%i# "ro"ert#. In ,'se 'n,estr' "ro"ert# is 'so!te# ost to te f'%i# 'n+ ' %e%er of te f'%i# # is o$n e/,!si-e e/ertions re,o-ers it $ito!t 'n# 'i+ fro% te *oint f!n+s 'n+ $it te ,onsent ',t!' or i%"ie+ of te oters te re,o-erer 's ,ert'in s"e,i' ,'i%s on te "ro"ert#. Te re,o-er# if not %'+e $it te "ri-it# of te ,o4o$ners %!st 't e'st e on' fi+e 'n+ not in fr'!+ or # 'nti,i"'tion of te intention of oter ,o4o$ners. 5

In Dharam Singh and others v. Sadhu Singh and others, te 6!estion $'s $eter te

 "ro"ert# $'s 'n,estr' or se"'r'te. In tis ,'se "ro"erties +e-o-ing on f'ter of "'rt# +!e to te +e't of iss!eess roters 'n+ '++ition to it # te rein6!is%ent of s'res # sisters $'s e+ not to e 'n,estr' "ro"ert# -is4'4-is is sons. •

Property %ointly ac!ired "y the mem"ers of the %oint family:

;ere "ro"ert# 's een ',6!ire+ # te %e%ers of *oint Hin+! f'%i# # teir *oint 'o!r $eter in !siness "rofession or -o,'tion $it te 'i+ of *oint f'%i# "ro"ert# it e,o%es  *oint f'%i# or ,o"'r,en'r# "ro"ert#. A,,or+ing to Bo%'# Hig :o!rt ' "ro"ert# ',6!ire+  # te *oint 'o!r of te %e%ers e-en $ito!t te 'i+ of *oint f'%i# f!n+s is "res!%e+ to  e *oint f'%i# "ro"ert# in 'sen,e of 'n# in+i,'tion of 'n intention to te ,ontr'r#. In Gumam Singh v. Pritam Singh & others. te ,o!rt f!rter e+ t't if "ro"ert# is ',6!ire+  # te f!n+ of *oint 'o!r e-en if it $'s "!r,'se+ fro% in,o%e +eri-e+ fro% 'n+ $i, $'s t'&en on 't'i 'n+ ,!ti-'te+ *oint# tere $o!+ e "res!%"tion of *ointness 'n+  "ro"ert# $o!+ e tre'te+ 's *oint Hin+! f'%i# ,o"'r,en'r# "ro"ert#. •

Property &hrown Into the 'ommon (toc):

;ere 'n# ,o"'r,ener -o!nt'ri# tro$s is sef4',6!ire+ "ro"ert# into te *oint f!n+ $it te intention of ''n+oning ' se"'r'te ,'i%s to it it $o!+ e *oint "ro"ert# so 's to e +i-isie '%ong ' te %e%ers. !, 'n intention nee+ not e e/"ress it is s!ffi,ient if te o$ner en+s it 's one gener' ',,o!nt $ito!t +is,ri%in'ting et$een te t$o in s!, ' $'# t't ' ,e'r intention to $'i-e is se"'r'te rigts %'# e est'ise+. *

Mo,#!n Hin,* La&; D!' Pa!a( Di&an; T&#nti#t$ E,ition

In st'te $ere 'ien'tion is 'o$e+ it ,'nt e ,'enge+ o$e-er in st'tes $ere it is not 'o$e+ 'n# ,o"'r,ener ,'n ,'enge it $it ' ,on+ition t't 't te ti%e of 'ien'tion e %!st e in,!+e+ in ' ,o"'r,en'r#. :'enge of ,o"'r,ener orn 'fter 'ien'tion sin,e ,o"'r,ener '-e 'n interest # irt 'n+ ,o"'r,en'r# e/ten+s to fo!r 

;ere 'ien'tion # f'ter in "resen,e of is son $o r'tif# it 'n 'fter orn son ,'nt



,'enge it. ;ere 'ien'tion is +one # f'ter in "resen,e of is son 'n+ te son +ont ,'enge

 

it in i%it'tion "erio+ ten gr'n+son ,'nt ,'enge it. A "ost !%o!s gr'n+son ,'nt ,'enge it. >r'n+4f'ter 'ien'te 'fter te irt of gr'n+ son4 gr'n+ son ,'nt ,'enge it.

o te +ifferen,e in "o$er of 'ien'ting i%its te "o$er of te ,o"'r,eners 'n+ t!s ' ,o"'r,eners '-e +iff. "o$er ',,. To teir "ositions. In Bo%'# M'+r's 'n+ M.P. te ,o"'r,eners nee+ not t'&e te ,onsent !t in oter st'tes its %'n+'tor# to t'&e te "er%ission oter$ise it $o!+ e ,'enge'e 't te "'rt of oter ,o"'r,eners.

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