of 5


Published on November 2016 | Categories: Documents | Downloads: 23 | Comments: 0

SOC 245- Lecture Notes - Gender - (Sociology)



9/21/2010 11:43:00 AM Gender and Sex y Gender is the social y Sex is given at birth Women are seen as y Male property y Rape in marriage was dismissed y Woman¶s place was at home y Working women were considered irresponsible or an embarrassment y Unwed mothers were shunned y University was only to find a husband y Women could not own property y Women could not file for divorce because they did not hold any say (1800s) And now« y They decide if and when to have children y Raise children on their own or with partner y Suing employers fro harassment/discrimination y Exerting pressure on institutions to change y The change from then to now is referred to as the: ³Gender Quake´ Gender as a Social Problem y Gender relations are unequal with respect to: power, privilege and property y Gender is a social problem when inequalities continue to persist in a society that espouses gender equality y Gender is problematic when the scripting of masculinity and feminity into rigid roles that restrict person choice and create unequal outcomes Worldwide Gender Inequality y 500,00 women die each year from complications related to childbirth y 2/3 of women worldwide are illiterate y 1 in 3 women has been abused, beaten, or coerced into sex y Millions of women have undergone female genital mutilation (makes it so that women cannot feel pleasure out of sex, so only men can feel it)

Gender Inequality in the U.S. y Women in the US: o Have lower incomes o Hold fewer prestigious jobs o Earn fewer academic degrees o Are more likely than men to live in poverty  Especially female headed households Structural Functionalism y In hunting gathering societies, men and women were economic equals y Pre-industrial society required a division of labor based on gender o Women nursed and cared for children o Men were responsible for material needs y Industrialization made tradition division of labor less functional, but the belief system remains Conflict Perspective y Continued domination be males requires a belief system that supports gender inequality y Two beliefs: o Women are inferior outside the home o Women are more valuable in the home Symbolic Interaction y Gender and gender roles are learned through socialization process y Women are socialized into expressive roles y Men are socialized into instrumental roles Assumptions about Gender y Masculine: Active (more opinionated, assertive), Independent, organized, rational, logical, Intellectual y Feminine: Passive, Dependent (dependent on the mood of the partner), scattered, emotional, illogical, intuitive/imaginative Politics and structural Sexism y U.S. women received right to vote in 1920 with passage of Nineteenth Amendment y In 2001, women comprised only 10% of all governors and held only 13.5% of all U.S. Congressional seats y 80% of U.S. women believe that by 2024, a woman will be elected

Gender Occupations Highly Sex Segregated Occupations y Male nurses make more than women nurses Gender Theory y Housework allows men and women to define and express their gender y By doing housework women display their femininity y By avoiding housework men display their masculinity y The difference is that men¶s work does not have to be done EVERYDAY, unlike women who take on the second shift once they get home. y

9/21/2010 11:43:00 AM

9/21/2010 11:43:00 AM

Sponsor Documents


No recommend documents

Or use your account on DocShare.tips


Forgot your password?

Or register your new account on DocShare.tips


Lost your password? Please enter your email address. You will receive a link to create a new password.

Back to log-in