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Herbie Hancock - Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia

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Herbie Hancock - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1/22/15 4:34 PM

Herbie Hancock From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Herbert Jeffrey "Herbie" Hancock (born April 12, 1940) is an Americ American an pianist, keyboardist, bandleader and

Herbie Hancock

composer.[1] As part of Miles Davis's Second Great Quintet, composer. Hancock Ha ncock helped to redefine the rrole ole of a jazz rhythm section and was one of the primary architec architects ts of the "post-bop" sound. He was one of the first jazz musicians to embrace synthesizers and funk music (characterized by syncopated drum beats). Hancock's music is often melodic a melodic and nd accessible; he has has had many songs "cross over" and ac achieve hieved d success among pop audiences. His music embraces elements of funk and soul while adopting freer stylist stylistic ic elements from azz. In his jazz improvisation i mprovisation,, he he possesses  possesses a unique creative blend of jazz, blues, and modern classical music, with harmonic har monic styl stylings ings much like the styles of Claude Debussy and and Maurice Ravel. Hancock's Ha ncock's best-k best-kno nown wn solo works include "Cantaloupe Island", "Watermelon Man" (later (later performed performed by  by dozens of  musicians, mu sicians, including  including ban bandleader dleader Mongo Santa Santamaría), maría), "Maiden Voyage", "Chameleon", and the singles "I Thought It Was Was You" and ""Rockit". Rockit". His 2007 tribute album River: The  Joni Letters won the 2008 Grammy Award for Al Album bum of the Year, Ye ar, only the second jazz album ever to win the award, after Getz/Gilbert o in 1965.  in 1965. Hancock practices Nichiren Buddhism and is a member of  the Buddhist associa association tion

Hancock in December 2013 Backgroun Bac kground d information Birth na nam me

Herb Her bert Jeff rrey ey Hancock


April 12, 1940 1940 Chicago, Illinois, United States


modal jazz, jazz fusion, jazz-funk, funk, R&B, electro, classical Occupation(s) Musi Musician, cian, composer, bandleader Instruments

Fairlight Fairli ght CMI Years active

1961 –present


Columbia, Colu mbia, Blue Note, Warner Bros., Verve

on jazz, Buddhism and life was wa s publish published ed in Japanese.[6] On July 22, 2011, at a ceremony in Paris, Hancock was named UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador for the promotion of  Intercultural Dialogue. In 2013 Hancock joined the University of California, Los Angeles faculty as a professor in the UCLA music department where he will teach jazz music.[7]


Piano,, electric piano, synthesizers, Piano s ynthesizers, organ,, clavinet, keytar, vocoder, organ

S!ka Gakkai Internation International. al.[2][3][4]

As part of Hancock's spiritual practice, he recites the Buddhist chant Nam Myoho Renge Kyo Ky o each day.[5] In 2013, Hancock's di dialogue alogue w with ith Wayne Wayne  Shorter and Daisa Daisaku ku Ikeda

Jazz, bebop, post-bop, hard bop,


Miles Davis Quintet, Wayne


Shorter, Chick Corea, The Headhunters, V.S.O.P., Jaco Pastorius, Joni Mitchell


www.herbiehancock.com (http://www.herbiehancock.com/)

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Hancock is the 2014 Charles Eliot Norton Professor of Poetry at Harvard University University.. Holders of the chair deliver a series of six lectures on poetry, "The Norton Lectures", poetry being "interpreted in the broadest sense, including all poetic expression in language, music, or fine arts." Previous Norton lecturers include musicians Leonard Bernstein, Igor Stravinsky and John Cage. Hancock's Hancock's theme is "The Ethics of Jazz."[8]

Contents 1 Early life and career 2 Miles Davis Quintet (1963–1968) and Blue Note Records (1962–1969) 3 Fat Albert  (1969)  (1969) and Mwandishi (1971) 4 From Head Hunters (1973) to Secrets (1976) 5 From V.S.O.P. (1976–) to Future Shock  (1983)  (1983) 6 1990s to 2000 7 2000 to 2009 8 Current work from 2010 to present 9 Discography 10 Selected concert films 11 Books 12 Awards 12.1 Academy Awards 12.2 Grammy Awards 12.3 Playboy Music Poll 12.4 Keyboard Magazine's Readers Poll 12.5 Other notable awards 13 References 14 External links

Early life and career Hancock was born in Chicago, Illinois, the son of Winnie Belle Bell e (Griffin), a secretary, and Wayman Edward Hancock, a government meat inspector.[9] He attended the Wendell Phillips High School. Like many jazz pianists, Hancock started with a classical music education. He studied from age seven, and his tal talent ent was


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recognized early. Considered a child prodigy,[10] he played the first movement of Mozart's Piano Concerto No. 26 in D Major, K. 537 (Coronation) at a young people's concert on February 5, 1952, with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra Orchestra (led by CSO assistant conductor George Schick) at age 11.[11] Through his teens, Hancock never had a jazz teacher, but developed his ear and sense of harmony. He was also influenced by records of the vocal group the Hi-Lo's. He reported that:

the time I actually heard the Hi-Lo's, I started picking that stuff out; my ear was happening. I could hear stuff and that's when I really learned some much farther-out voicings – like the harmonies I used on Speak Like a Child  –  – just being able to do that. I really got that t hat from Clare Fischer's arrangements for the Hi-Lo's. Clare Fischer was a major influence on my harmonic concept... He and Bill Evans, and Ravel and Gil Evans, finally. You know, that's where it came from.[12] In 1960, he heard Chris Anderson play just once, and begged him to accept him as a student.[13] Hancock often mentions Anderson as his harmonic guru. Hancock left Grinnell College, moved to Chicago and began working with Donald Byrd and Coleman Hawkins, during which period he also took courses at Roosevelt University. (He later graduated from Grinnell with degrees in electrical engineering and music. Grinnell also awarded him an honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree in 1972. [11][14]) Donald Byrd was attending the Manhattan School of  Music in New York at the time and suggested that Hancock study composition with Vittorio Giannini, which he did for a short time in 1960. The pianist quickly earned a reputation, and played subsequent sessions with Oliver Nelson and Phil Woods. He recorded his first solo album Takin' Off  for  for Blue Note Records in 1962. "Watermelon Man" (from Takin' Off ) was to provide Mongo Santamaría with a hit single, but more importantly for Hancock, Takin' Off  caught  caught the attention of Miles Davis, who was at that time assembling a new band. Hancock was introduced to Davis by the young drummer Tony Williams, a member of the new band.

Miles Davis Quintet (1963–1968) and Blue Note Records (1962–1969) Hancock received considerable attention when, in May 1963,[11] he joined Davis's Second Great Quintet. Davis personally sought out Hancock, whom he saw as one of the most promising talents in jazz. The rhythm section Davis organized was young but effective, comprising bassist Ron Carter, 17-year-old drummer Williams, and Hancock on piano. After George Coleman and Sam Rivers each took a turn at the saxophone spot, the quintet would gel with Wayne Shorter on tenor saxophone. This quintet is often regarded as one of the finest jazz ensembles, and the rhythm section has been especially praised for its innovation and flexibility. The second great quintet was where Hancock found his own voice as a pianist. Not only did he find new ways to use common chords, but he also popularized chords that had not previously been used in jazz. Hancock also developed a unique taste for "orchestral" accompaniment – using quartal harmony and Debussy-like harmonies, with stark contrasts then unheard of in jazz. With Williams and Carter he wove a labyrinth of rhythmic intricacy on, around and over existing melodic and chordal schemes. In the latter half of the 1960s their approach became so sophisticated concept and unorthodox that conventional chord changes would hardly be discernible; hence their improvisational would become known as "Time, No Changes". http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbie_Hancock

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While in Davis's band, Hancock also found time to record dozens of sessions for the Blue Note label, both under his own name and as a sideman with other musicians such as Shorter, Williams, Grant Green, Bobby Hutcherson, Rivers, Byrd, Kenny Dorham, Hank Mobley, Lee Morgan and Freddie Hubbard. His albums Empyrean Isles (1964) and Maiden Voyage (1965) were to be two of the most famous and influential jazz LPs of the t he 1960s, winning praise for both their innovation and accessibility (the latter demonstrated by the subsequent enormous popularity of the Maiden Voyage title track as a jazz standard, and by the jazz rap group US3 having a hit single with "Cantaloop" (derived from "Cantaloupe Island" on Empyrean  Isles  Empyrean Isles ) some twenty five years  featured the Voyage Davis rhythm section of Hancock, Carter and Williams with the addition of later). Hubbard on cornet, while  Maiden  also added former Davis saxophonist

Coleman (with Hubbard remaining on trumpet). Both albums al bums are regarded as among the principal foundations of the post-bop style. Hancock also recorded several less-well-known but still critically acclaimed albums with larger ensembles – My Point of View (1963), Speak Like a Child  (1968)  (1968) and The Prisoner (1969) featured flugelhorn, alto flute and bass trombone. 1963's Inventions and Dimensions was an album of almost entirely improvised music, teaming Hancock with bassist Paul Chambers and two Latin percussionists, Willie Bobo and Osvaldo "Chihuahua" Martinez. During this period, Hancock also composed the score to Michelangelo Antonioni's film Blowup (1966), the first of many soundtracks he recorded in his career. Davis incorporating elements rock and popular music into his recordings by the end of Hancock's tenure had withbegun the band. Despite some initialofreluctance, Hancock began doubling doublin g on electric keyboards including the Fender Rhodes electric piano at Davis's insistence. Hancock adapted quickly to the new instruments, which proved to be instrumental in his future artistic endeavors. Under the pretext that he had returned late from a honeymoon in Brazil, Hancock was dismissed from Davis's band. In the summer of 1968 Hancock formed his own sextet. However, although Davis soon disbanded his quintet to search for a new sound, Hancock, despite his departure from the working band, continued to appear on Davis records for the t he next few years. Noteworthy appearances include In a Silent Way, A Tribute to Jack   Johnson and On the Corner.

at Albert 

 (1969) and



Hancock left Blue Note in 1969, signing with Warner Bros. Records. In 1969, Hancock compo composed sed the soundtrack for the Bill Cosby animated children's television show Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids . Titled Fat  lbert Rotunda (1969), the album was mainly an R&B-influenced album with strong jazz overtones. One of the azzier songs on the record, "Tell Me a Bedtime Story", was later re-worked as a more electronic sounding song for the Quincy Jones album, Sounds...and Stuff Like That!! (1978). Hancock became fascinated with accumulating musical gadgets and toys. Together with the profound influence of Davis's Bitches Brew (1970), this fascination would culminate in a series of albums, in which electronic instruments are coupled with acoustic instruments.


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Hancock's first ventures into electronic music started with a sextet comprising Hancock, bassist Buster Williams and drummer Billy Hart, and a trio of horn players: Eddie Henderson (trumpet), Julian Priester (trombone) (trombone),, and multireedist Bennie Maupin. Dr. Patrick Gleeson was eventually added to the mix to play and program the synthesizers. In fact, Hancock was one of the first jazz pianists to completely embrace electronic keyboards. The sextet, later a septet with the addition of Gleeson, made three albums under Hancock's name: Mwandishi (1971), Crossings (1972) (both on Warner Bros. Records), and Sextant  (1973)  (1973) (released on Columbia Records); two more, Realization and Inside Out , were recorded under Henderson's name with essentially the same personnel. The music strongmusic improvisational aspect classical beyond the confines of jazz mainstream and showed influence fromexhibited the electronic of contemporary composers. Synthesizer player Gleeson, one of the first musicians to play synthesizer on any jazz recording, introduced the instrument on Crossings, released in 1972, one of a handful of influential electronic jazz/fusion recordings to feature synthesizer that year. On Crossings (as well as on Weather Report's I Sing the Body Electric), the synthesizer is used more as an improvisatory global orchestration device than as a strictly melodic instrument. An early review of Crossings in Downbeat magazine complained about the synthesizer, but a few years later the magazine noted in a cover story on Gleeson that he was "a pioneer" in the field of electronics in  jazz. In the albums albums following The Crossings, Hancock started to play synth himself, with synth taking on a melodic role.

Hancock playing a Roland AX-7 keytar, at The Roundhouse, Camden, London, 2006

Hancock's three records released in 1971–197 1971–1973 3 later became known as the "Mwandishi" albums, so-called after a Swahili name Hancock sometimes used during this era ( Mwandishi  Mwandishi is Swahili for writer). The first two, including i ncluding Fat   Albert Rotunda were made available on the 2-CD set Mwandishi: the Complete Warner Bros. Recordings, released in 1994, but are now sold as individual CD editions. Of the three electronic albums, Sextant  is  is probably the most experimental since the ARP synthesizers are used extensively, and some advanced improvisation ("post-modal ("post-modal free impressionism") is found on the tracks "Hornets" and "Hidden Shadows" Shadows" (which is in the meter 19/4). "Hornets" was later revised on the 2001 album Future2Future as "Virtual Hornets".

Among the instruments Hancock and Gleeson used were Fender Rhodes piano, ARP Odyssey, ARP 2600, ARP Pro Soloist Synthesizer, a Mellotron and the Moog synthesizer III. All three Warner Bros. albums Fat Albert Rotunda (1969), Mwandishi (1971), and Crossings (1972), were remastered in 2001 and released in Europe but were not released in the US as of June 2005. In the winter of  2006–7 a remastered edition of Crossings was announced and scheduled for release in the spring.

From Head Hunters (1973) to Secrets (1976)


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After the sometimes "airy" and decidedly experimental "Mwandishi" albums, Hancock was eager to perform more "earthy" and "funky" music. The Mwandishi albums – though later seen as respected early fusion recordings – had seen mixed reviews and poor sales, so it is probable that Hancock was motivated by financial concerns as well as artistic restlessness. Hancock was also bothered by the fact that many people did not understand avant-gar avant-garde de music. He explained that he loved funk music, especially Sly Stone's music, so he wanted to try to make funk himself. He gathered a new band, which he called call ed The Headhunters, keeping only Maupin from the sextet and adding bassist Paul Jackson, percussionist Bill Summers, and drummer Harvey Mason. The album Head Hunters, released in 1973, was a major hit and crossed over to pop audiences, though it prompted criticism from some jazz fans. Despite charges of "selling out", Stephen Erlewine of AllMusic positively reviewed the album among other friendly critics, saying, " Head Hunters still sounds fresh and vital three decades after its initial release, and its genre-bending genre-bend ing proved vastly influential on not only jazz, but funk, soul, and Hancock playing in Vredenburg,

hip-hop." [15]

Utrecht, Netherlands, December, 2006

Drummer Mason was replaced by Mike Clark, and the band released a second album, Thrust , the following year, 1974. (A live album from a Japan performance, consisting of compositions from those first two Head Hunters releases was released in 1975 as Flood . The record has since been released on CD in Japan.) This was almost as well received as its predecessor, if not attaining the same level of commercial success. The Headhunters made another successful album called Survival of the Fittest   in in 1975 without Hancock, while Hancock himself started to make even more commercial albums, often featuring members of the band, but no longer billed as The Headhunters. The Headhunter Headhunterss reunited with Hancock in 1998 for Return of the Headhunters, and a version of the band (featuring Jackson and Clark) continues to play live and record. In 1973, Hancock composed his second masterful soundtrack to the controversial film The Spook Who Sat by the Door. Then in 1974, he also composed the soundtrack to the first Death Wish film. One of his memorable songs, "Joanna's Theme", would later be re-recorded in 1997 on his duet album with Shorter, 1 + 1. Hancock's next jazz-funk albums of the 1970s were Man-Child  (1975),  (1975), and Secrets (1976), which point toward the more commercial direction Hancock would take over the next decade. These albums al bums feature the members of  the Headhunters band, but also a variety of other musicians in important roles.

From V.S.O.P. (1976–) to Future Shock  (1983)  (1983) During the late 1970s and early 1980s, Hancock toured with his V.S.O.P. quintet, which featured all the members of the 1960s Davis quintet except Davis, who was replaced by trumpeter Hubbard. Hubbard. There was constant speculation that one day Davis would reunite with his classic band, but he never did so. VSOP recorded several live albums in the late 1970s, including The Quintet  (1977).  (1977). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbie_Hancock

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In 1978, Hancock recorded a duet with Chick Corea, who had replaced him in i n the Davis band a decade earlier. Hancock also released a solo acoustic piano album titled t itled The Piano (1979), which, like so many Hancock albums at the time, was initially released only in Japan. (It was finally released in the US in 2004.) Several other Japan-only releases have yet to appear in the US, such as Dedication (1974), V.S.O.P.'s Tempest in the Colosseum (1977), and Direct Step (1978). Live Under the Sky was a VSOP album remastered for the US in 2004, and included an entire second concert from the July 1979 tour. From 1978 to 1982, Hancock recorded many albums consisting of jazz-inflected disco and pop music, beginning with Sunlight   (featuring (featuring guest musicians including Williams and Pastorius on the last track) (1978). Singing through a vocoder, he earned a British hit,[16] "I Thought It Was You", although critics were unimpressed.[17] This led to more vocoder on 1979 follow-up, Feets, Don't Fail Me Now, which gave him another UK hit in "You Bet Your Love". [16] Albums such as Monster (1980), Magic Windows (1981), and Lite Me Up (1982) were some of Hancock's most criticized and unwelcomed albums, the market at the time being somewhat saturated with similar pop-jazz hybrids from the likes of former bandmate Hubbard. Hancock himself had quite a limited role in some of those albums, leaving singing, composing and even producing to others. Mr. Hands (1980) is perhaps the one album during this period, that was critically acclaimed. To the delight of many fans, there were no vocals on the album, and one track featured Pastorius on bass. The album contained a wide variety of different styles, including a disco instrumental song, a Latin-jazz number and an electronic piece, in which Hancock plays alone with the help of computers. Hancock also found time to record more traditional jazz while creating more commercially oriented music. He toured with Williams and Carter in 1981, recording Herbie Hancock Trio, a five-track live album released only in Japan. A month later, he recorded Quartet  with  with trumpeter Wynton Marsalis, released in the US the following year. Hancock, Williams and Carter toured internationally with Wynton and his brother, saxophonist saxophonist Branford Marsalis, in what was known as "VSOP II". This quintet can be heard on Marsalis's debut album on Columbia (1981). In 1984 VSOP II performed at the Playboy Jazz Festival as a sextet with Hancock, Williams, Carter, the Marsalis Brothers and the addition of a third member into the horn section by way of Bobby McFerrin contributing his unique vocal styling's. In 1982 Hancock contributed to the Simple Minds album New Gold Dream (81,82,83,84), playing a synthesizer solo on the track "Hunter and the Hunted". In 1983, Hancock had a mainstream hit with the Grammy-awar Grammy-award d winning instrumental single "Rockit" from the album Future Shock . It was the first jazz hip-hop song[18][19][20]  and became a worldwide anthem for the breakdancers and for the hip-hop culture of the 1980s. [21][22] It was also the first mainstream single to feature scratching, and also featured an innovative animated music video, which was directed by Godley and Creme and showed several robot-like artworks by Jim Whiting. The video was a hit on MTV and reached No. 8 in the UK.[23] The video won in five categories at the inaugural MTV Video Music Awards. This single ushered in a collaboration with noted bassist and producer Bill Laswell. Hancock experimented with electronic music on a string of three LPs produced by Laswell: Future Shock  (1983),  (1983), the Grammy Award-winning Sound-System (1984), and Perfect Machine (1988). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbie_Hancock

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During this period, he appeared onstage at the Grammy Awards with Stevie Wonder, Howard Jones, and Thomas Dolby, in a synthesizer jam. Lesser known works from the 1980s are the live album Jazz Africa (1987) and the studio album Village Life (1984), which were recorded with Gambian kora player Foday Musa Suso.[24] Also, in 1985 Hancock performed as a guest on the album So Red the Rose (1985) by the Duran Duran spinoff  group Arcadia. He also provided introductory and closing comments comments for the PBS rebroadcast in the United States of the BBC educational series from the mid-1980s, Rockschool (not to be confused with the most recent Gene Simmons' Rock School series). In 1986 Hancock performed and acted in the film 'Round Midnight . He also wrote the score/soundtrack, for which he won an Academy Award for Original Music Score. Often he would write music for TV commercials. "Maiden Voyage", in fact, started out as a cologne advertisement. At the end of the Perfect Machine tour, Hancock decided to leave Columbia Records after a 15-plus-year relationship relationship.. As of June 2005 almost half of his Columbia recordings have been remastered. The first three US releases, Sextant , Head Hunters and Thrust , as well as the last four releases, Future Shock , Sound-System, the soundtrack to Round Midnight , and Perfect Machine. Everything released in America from Man-Child  (1975)  (1975) to Quartet  (1982) has yet to be remastered. Some albums, made and initially i nitially released in the US, were remastered between 1999 and 2001 in other countries. Hancock also re-released some of his Japan-only releases in the West, such as The Piano.

1990s to 2000 After a break following his leaving of Columbia, Hancock, together with Carter, Williams, Shorter, and Davis admirer Wallace Roney, recorded A Tribute to Miles, which was released in 1994. The album contained two live recordings and studio recording classics, with Roney playing Davis's part as trumpet player. The album won a Grammy for best group album. He also toured with Jack DeJohnette, Dave Holland and Pat Metheny in 1990 on their Parallel Realities tour, which included a performance at the Montreux Jazz Festival in July 1990. Hancock's next album, Dis Is da Drum, released in 1994, saw him return to acid jazz. Also in 1994, he appeared on the Red Hot Organization's compilation album Stolen Moments: Red Hot + Cool. The album, meant to raise awareness and funds in support of the AIDS epidemic in relation to the African-American community, community, was heralded as "Album of the Year" by Time Magazine. 1995's The New Standard  found  found Hancock and an all-star band including John Scofield, DeJohnette and Michael Brecker, interpreting i nterpreting pop songs by Nirvana, Stevie Wonder, the Beatles, Prince, Peter Gabriel and others.

Hancock live in concert

A 1997 duet album with Shorter, entitled 1 + 1, was successful; the song "Aung San Suu Kyi" winning the Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Composition. Hancock Hancock also achieved great success in 1998 with his album Gershwin's World , which featured inventive readings of George and Ira Gershwin standards by Hancock http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbie_Hancock

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and a plethora of guest stars, including Wonder, Joni Mitchell and Shorter. Hancock toured the world in support of Gershwin's World  with  with a sextet that featured Cyro Baptista, Terri Lynne Carrington, Ira Coleman, Eli Degibri and Eddie Henderson.

2000 to 2009 In 2001 Hancock recorded Future2Future, which reunited Hancock with Laswell and featured doses of  electronica as well as turntablist Rob Swift of The X-Ecutioners. Hancock later toured with the band, and released a live concert DVD with a different lineup, which also included the "Rockit" music video. Also in 2001 Hancock partnered with Brecker and Roy Hargrove to record a live concert album saluting Davis and John Coltrane, entitled Directions in Music: Live at Massey Hall, recorded live in Toronto. The threesome toured to support the album, and toured on-and-off through 2005. The year 2005 saw the release of a duet album called Possibilities. It featured duets with Carlos Santana, Paul Simon, Annie Lennox, John Mayer, Christina Aguilera, Sting and others. In 2006 Possibilities was nominated for Grammy Awards in two categories: "A Song for You", (featuring Aguilera) was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Pop Instrumental Performance, and "Gelo No Montanha", (featuring on Performance, guitar, was nominated a Grammy Award for Trey Best Anastasio Instrumental although for neither nomination resulted in an award. Also in 2005 Hancock toured Europe with a new quartet that included Beninese guitarist Lionel Loueke, and explored textures ranging from ambient to straight jazz to African music. Plus, during the summer of 2005, Hancock re-staffed the famous Headhunters and went on tour with them, including a performance at The Bonnaroo Music & Arts Festival. This lineup did not consist of any of the original Headhunters musicians. The group included Marcus Miller, Carrington, Loueke and Mayer. Hancock also served as the first artist in residence for Bonnaroo that summer. Hancock performing in concert, 2006

Also in 2006 Sony BMG Music Entertainment (which bought out Hancock's old label, Columbia Records) released the two-disc retrospective The Essential Herbie Hancock . This set was the first compilation of his work at Warner Bros., Blue Note, Columbia and Verve/Polygram. This became Hancock's second major compilation of work since the 2002 Columbia-only The Herbie Hancock Box, which was released at first in a plastic 4 " 4 cube then re-released in 2004 in a long box set. Also in 2006, Hancock recorded a new song with Josh Groban and Eric Mouquet (co-founder of Deep Forest), entitled "Machine". It is featured on Groban's CD Awake. Hancock also recorded and improvised with guitarist Loueke on Loueke's 1996 debut album Virgin Forest , on the ObliqSound label, resulting in two improvisational tracks – "Le Réveil des agneaux (The Awakening of the Lambs)" and "La Poursuite du lion (The Lion's Pursuit)". Hancock, a longtime associate and friend of Mitchell released a 2007 album, River: The Joni Letters, that paid tribute to her work with Norah Jones and Tina Turner, adding vocals to the album,[25] as did Corinne Bailey Rae. Leonard Cohen contributed a spoken piece set to Hancock's piano. Mitchell herself also made an http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbie_Hancock

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appearance. The album was released on September 25, 2007, simultaneously with the release of Mitchell's newest album at that time: Shine.[26] River  River won the 2008 Album of the Year Grammy Award, only the second time in history that a jazz album received either honor. The album also won a Grammy for Best Contemporary Jazz Album, and the song "Both Sides Now" was nominated for Best Instrumental Jazz Solo. On June 14, 2008 Hancock performed with others at Rhythm on the Vine at the South Coast Winery in Temecula, California, for Shriners Hospitals for Children. The event raised $515,00 $515,000 0 for Shriners Hospital.[27] On January 18, 2009 Hancock performed performed at the We Are One concert, marking the start of inaugural celebrations for American President Barack Obama.[28] Hancock also performed Rhapsody in Blue at the 2009 Classical BRIT Awards with classical pianist Lang Lang. Hancock was named as the Los Angeles Philharmonic's creative chair for jazz for 2010–12 2010–12..[29] His latest work includes assisting the production of the Kanye West track "RoboCop", found on 808s &  Heartbreak .

Current work from 2010 to present TheAward Imagine Project  In June 2010 Hancock . On June 2010 Hancock receivedreleased an Alumni from his alma mater,5,

Grinnell College.[30] On December 8, 2013 he was given the Kennedy Center Honors Award for achievement in the t he performing arts with artists like Snoop Dogg and Mixmaster Mike from the Beastie Boys performing his music. He appears on the 5th Flying Lotus studio album "You're Dead," released in October 2014.

Discography Title



Takin' Off 


Blue Note

 My Point of View

1963 1963

Blue Note Blue Note

 Maiden Voyage

1964 1965

Blue Note Blue Note

 Blow-Up (S  (Soundtrack)



Speak Like a Child 


Blue Note

The Prisoner


Blue Note

Fat Albert Rotunda


Warner Bros.

 Mwandishi Crossings

1970 1972

Warner Bros. Warner Bros.

 Inventions and Dimensions  Empyrean Isles


Hancock on stage performing in Warszawa, Poland, November 29, 2010 with his Imagine Project.

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1973 1973 1974

Columbia Columbia Columbia


1974 1974

Columbia Columbia




Flood  (L  (Live album)



Secrets  Herbie Hancock Trio

1976 1976 1977

Columbia Columbia Columbia

VSOP: The Quintet   (L ( Live album)










Columbia/Sony Japan

Chick Corea: In Concert  (Live  (Live album



The Piano



Feets, Don't Fail Me Now



VSOP: Live Under the Sky  (  (L Live album)





 Mr. Hands

1980 1980

Columbia Columbia

 Herbie Hancock Trio



 Magic Windows  Lite Me Up

1981 1982

Columbia Columbia

Quartet   (L ( Live album)



Future Shock 






Village Life (  (w with Foday Musa Suso)

1985 1986

Columbia Columbia



Perfect Machine


 A Tribute to Miles


Columbia Qwest/Warner Bros.

Sextant   Head Hunters Thrust   Death Wish (  (S Soundtrack)

VSOP (Live album)

VSOP: Tempest in the Colosseum (Live


 An Evening with Herbie Hancock &

with Chick Corea)

CoreaHancock  (Live  (Live album with Chick

Corea)  Monster

 Round Midnight  (Soundtrack)  Jazz Africa (Live album with Foday Musa



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 Dis Is da Drum



The New Standard 



1 + 1 (w  (with Wayne Shorter) Gershwin's World 

1997 1998

Verve Verve



Transparent Music



 Directions in Music: Live at Massey Hall Hall

(Live album with Michael Brecker and Roy Hargrove) Possibilities


 River: The Joni Letters


Hancock Music/Hear Music/Vector Verve

Then and Now: The Definitive Herbie  Hancock  (Compilation)  (Compilation)



The Imagine Project 


Hancock Music

Selected concert films 2000: DeJohnette, Hancock, Holland and Metheny – Live in Concert  2002: Herbie Hancock Trio: Hurricane! with Ron Carter and Billy Cobham[31] 2002: The Jazz Channel Presents Herbie Hancock (BET on Jazz) with Cyro Baptista, Terri Lynne Carrington, Ira Coleman, Eli Degibri and Eddie Henderson (recorded in 2000) 2004: Herbie Hancock – Future2Future Live (Live in Japan) 2005: Herbie Hancock's Headhunters Watermelon Man (Live

2006: Herbie Hancock – Possibilities with John Mayer, Christina Aguilera, Joss Stone, and more

Books  Herbie Hancock: Possibilities (2014) ISBN 978-0-670-01471-2

Awards Academy Awards 1986, Original Soundtrack, for Round Midnight 

Grammy Awards http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbie_Hancock

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1. 1984, Best R&B R&B Instrumental Pe Performance, rformance, for for Rockit  2. 1985, Best R&B R&B Instrumental Pe Performance, rformance, for for Sound-System 3. 1988, Best Best Instrumental Composition, for Call Sheet Blues 4. 1995, Best Jazz Instrumental Instrumental Performance, Performance, Individual or Gr Group, oup, for A Tribute to Miles 5. 1997, Best Best Instrumental Composition, for Manhattan (Island of Lights and Love)

6. 1999, Best Instrumental Instrumental Arr Arrangement angement Accom Accompanying panying Vocal(s), for St. Louis Blues 7. 1999, Best Jazz Jazz Instrumental Per Performance, formance, In Individual dividual or Group, for Gershwin's World  8. 2003, Best Jazz Jazz Instrumental A Album, lbum, Individual Individual or Group, for Directions in Music: Live at Massey Hall 9. 2003, Best Best Jazz Instru Instrumental mental Solo, for My Ship 10. 2005, Best Jaz Jazzz Instrumental So Solo, lo, for Speak Like a Child 

Hancock presented with Gold Record Award by Kazimierz Pu#aski of Sony Music Poland. November 29, 2011

11. 2008, Album of the Year, for River: The Joni Letters 12. 2008, Best Co Contemporary ntemporary Jazz Album, fo forr River: The Joni Letters 13. 2011, Best IImprovised mprovised Jazz Solo, for A Change Is Gonna Come 14. 2011, Best Po Pop p Collaboration with Vocals, fo forr Imagine .

Playboy Music Poll Best Jazz Group, 1985 Best Jazz Keyboards, 1985 Best Jazz Album – Rockit , 1985 Best Jazz Keyboards, 1986 Best R&B Instrumentalist, 1987 Best Jazz Instrumentalist, 1988

Keyboard Magazine's Readers Poll

Michael Lington and Hancock (posing right) at the entrance of the Playboy Jazz Festival

Best Jazz & Pop Keyboardist, 1983 Best Jazz Pianist, 1987 Best Jazz Keyboardist, 1987 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbie_Hancock

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Best Jazz Pianist, 1988

Other notable awards MTV Awards (5 awards in total) – Best Concept Video – Rockit , 1983–84 Gold Note Jazz Awards – NY Chapter of the National Black MBA Association, 1985 French Award Officer of the Order of Arts & Letters – Paris, 1985 BMI Film Music Award Round Midnight , 1986 U.S. Radio Award "Best Original Music Scoring – Thom McAnn Shoes", 1986 Los Angeles Film Critics Association "Best Score – Round Midnight ", ", 1986 BMI Film Music Award Colors, 1989 Miles Davis Award, granted by the Montreal International Jazz Festival, 1997 Soul Train Music Award "Best Jazz Album – The New Standard ", ", 1997 Festival International Jazz de Montreal Prix Miles Davis, 1997 VH1's 100 Greatest Videos Rockit  is  is "10th Greatest Video", 2001 NEA Jazz Masters Award, 2004  Downbeat Magazine Readers Poll Hall of Fame, 2005[32]

Recipient of the 2013 Kennedy Center Honors American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2013[33]

References 1. ^ "Herbie Hancock (American musician)" (http://www.britannica.com/EB (http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic checked/topic/254052/Her /254052/Herbie-Hancock). bie-Hancock). Encyclopædia Encyclopæd ia Britannica. Retrieved February 1, 2012. 2. ^ Reiss, Valerie. "Beliefnet Presents: Herbie Hancock on Buddhism, Buddh Buddhist, ist, Jazz, Music" (http://www.beliefnet.com/Faiths/B (http://www.belie fnet.com/Faiths/Buddhism/200 uddhism/2007/10/Herbie-Fu 7/10/Herbie-Fully-Buddhist. lly-Buddhist.aspx). aspx). Beliefnet.com Beliefnet.com.. Retrieved October 22, 2011. 3. ^ Burk, Greg (February 24, 2008). "He's still full of surprises" (http://articles.latimes.com/2008/feb/2 (http://articles.latimes.com/2008/feb/24/entertainmen 4/entertainment/cat/cahancock24). The Los Angeles Times. 4. ^ "Hancock-Shorter-Ik  "Hancock-Shorter-Ikeda eda Series on Jazz Published in Japanese" (http://www.daisakuikeda.org/su (http://www.daisak uikeda.org/sub/news/2013/ja b/news/2013/jan/2013jan30 n/2013jan30-hancock-sh -hancock-shorter-ikeda-ja orter-ikeda-jazz.html). zz.html). January 30, 2013. 5. ^ Reiss, Valerie. "Herbie, Fully Buddhist" (http://www.beliefnet.com/Faiths/Buddh (http://www.beliefnet.com/Faiths/Buddhism/2007/10/H ism/2007/10/Herbie-Fullyerbie-FullyBuddhist.aspx?p=3). Buddhist.aspx ?p=3). Retrieved October 13, 2013. 6. ^ "Hancock-Shorter-Ik  "Hancock-Shorter-Ikeda eda Series on Jazz Published in Japanese" (http://www.daisakuikeda.org/sub/news/2013/ja (http://www.daisakuikeda.org/su b/news/2013/jan/2013jan30 n/2013jan30-hancock-sh -hancock-shorter-ikeda-ja orter-ikeda-jazz.html). zz.html). (January 30, 2013) daisakuikeda.org http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbie_Hancock

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Herbie Hancock - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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7. ^ "Jazz legends Herbie Hancock, Wayne Shorter named UCLA professors" (http://newsroom.ucla.edu/p (http://newsroom.ucla.edu/portal/ucla/jazzortal/ucla/jazzlegends-herbie-hancock-w legends-herb ie-hancock-wayne-24239 ayne-242396.aspx) 6.aspx) (Press release). University of California Office of Media Relations and Public Outreach. January 8, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2013. 8. ^ "Norton Lectures" (http://mahindrahumanities.fa (http://mahindrahumanities.fas.harvard.edu s.harvard.edu/content/norto /content/norton-lectures). n-lectures). Mahindra Humanities Center, Harvard University. February 4, 2014. Retrieved February 4, 2014. 9. ^ http://www.filmr http://www.filmreference.com eference.com/film/60/Herbie/film/60/Herbie-Hancock.html Hancock.html 10. ^ Hentz, Stefan (August 3, 2010). "Herbie Hancock interview" (http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/music/wor (http://www.telegraph.co.uk/c ulture/music/worldfolkandjazz ldfolkandjazz/7924263/He /7924263/Herbie-Hancock rbie-Hancock-interview.html) -interview.html).. The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved February 1, 2012. 11. ^ a b c Dobbins, Bill and Kernfeld, Barry. "Herbie Hancock". In Macy, Laura. Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press. (subscription required)

12. ^ Coryell, Julie and Friedman, Laura (2000). Jazz-rock fusion, the people, the music (http://books.g (http://books.google.com/b oogle.com/books? ooks? id=XwWdk3x9u28C). Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 204. ISBN 0-7935-9941-5. 13. ^ "CHRIS ANDERSON" (http://www.mapleshaderecord (http://www.mapleshaderecords.com/cds/5692 s.com/cds/56922.php). 2.php). Review of  Love  Love Locked Out. Mapleshade Music. Retrieved July 1, 2010. 14. ^ The tune "Dr Honoris Causa" written by Joe Zawinul and performed by Cannonball Adderley's quintet is an ironic celebration of the honorary degree. 15. ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (2010). "Headhunters Herbie Hancock" (http://www.allmusic.com/album/r (http://www.allmusic.com/album/r140166/rev 140166/review). iew). Allmusic review of  Headhunters.  Headhunters. Retrieved July 1, 2010. 16. ^ a b Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 242. ISBN 1-904994-10-5. 17. ^ "Herbie Hancock" (http://www.warr.org/hancock.html). (http://www.warr.org/hancock.html). Warr.org. Retrieved October 22, 2011. 18. ^ Koskoff, Ellen (2005). Music Cultures in the United States: An Introduction (http://books.g (http://books.google.co.uk oogle.co.uk/books? /books? id=JfrG1IKZ9f8C&pg=PA3 id=JfrG1IKZ9 f8C&pg=PA364&lpg=PA36 64&lpg=PA364&dq=Herbie 4&dq=Herbie+Hancock+Ro +Hancock+Rockit+first+jazz+h ckit+first+jazz+hip+hop&sour ip+hop&source=bl&ots=4AW ce=bl&ots=4AWsl sl J9lpj&sig=hTQg7zbn9nfqHTGDgkmGWWi9P3g&hl=en&sa=X&ei=p8YTULmDDdDEsgaKo4GwCg&ved=0CC8Q6A EwAA#v=onepage&q=Herbie%20Hancock%20Rockit%20first%20jazz%20hip%20hop&f=false). New York, NY: Routledge. p. 364. ISBN 0-415-96588-8. Retrieved July 28, 2012. 19. ^ Price, Emmett George (2006). Hip Hop Culture (http://books.google.co.uk (http://books.google.co.uk/books? /books? id=Q84TiHcqDqcC&pg=PA1 id=Q84TiHcqD qcC&pg=PA114&lpg=PA11 14&lpg=PA114&dq=Herbie 4&dq=Herbie+Hancock+Ro +Hancock+Rockit+first+jazz+h ckit+first+jazz+hip+hop&sour ip+hop&source=bl&ots=bTh ce=bl&ots=bTh Bgh0Mq0&sig=MddvMPrllD5sFktKF4wNeV9DDCY&hl=en&sa=X&ei=p8YTULmDDdDEsgaKo4GwCg&ved=0CD UQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=Herbie%20Hancock%20Rockit%20first%20jazz%20hip%20hop&f=false). Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO, Inc. p. 114. ISBN 1-85109-867-4. Retrieved July 28, 2012. 20. ^ Keyes, Cheryl Lynette (2004). Rap music and street consciousness (http://books. (http://books.google.co.u google.co.uk/books? k/books? id=HRmRqtD6oPgC&pg= id=HRmRqtD 6oPgC&pg=PA109&lpg=PA1 PA109&lpg=PA109&dq=Her 09&dq=Herbie+Hancock+R bie+Hancock+Rockit+first+jazz ockit+first+jazz+hip+hop&so +hip+hop&source=bl&ots=jU9 urce=bl&ots=jU9 8B9Oea9&sig=wpKZdsTxJwD37jSkyYA_1itBsnY&hl=en&sa=X&ei=p8YTULmDDdDEsgaKo4GwCg&ved=0CE4Q6 AEwBQ#v=onepage&q=Herbie%20Hancock%20Rockit%20first%20jazz%20hip%20hop&f=false). Illinois: Board of  Trustees of the University of Illinois. p. 109. ISBN 0-252-02761-2. 0-252-02761-2. Retrieved July 28, 2012. 21. ^ Hodgkinson, Will (May 10, 2004). "Culture quake: Rockit" htt htt :/ ://w /www ww.t .tel elee ra h.co h.co.u .uk/ k/cu cult ltur ure/ e/mu musi sic/ c/ro rock ckan and d az azzm zmus usic ic/3 /361 6167 6743 43/C /Cul ultu ture re-- uake uake-R -Roc ocki kit. t.ht html ml . Tele Tele ra h. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Herbie_Hancock

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  Retrieved July 28, 2012. 22. ^ "Meet – Herbie Hancock" (http://www.monkinstitute.org (http://www.monkinstitute.org/meet/herbieha /meet/herbiehancock.php) ncock.php).. Thelonious Monk Institute of  Jazz. Retrieved July 28, 2012. 23. ^ Brown, T. Kutner, J. & Warwick, N. The Complete Book of the British Charts . Omnibus Press (ISBN 0711990751), 2002, p.447 24. ^ [1] (http://www.pandora.com/mu (http://www.pandora.com/music/artist/3feb500 sic/artist/3feb50074a703d1a) 74a703d1a) 25. ^ Andre Mayer (June 18, 2007). "Key figure: An interview with jazz legend Herbie Hancock" (http://www.cbc.ca/arts/music/hanc (http://www.cbc. ca/arts/music/hancock.html). ock.html). CBC News. Retrieved September 11, 2007. 26. ^ "The Official Website of Joni Mitchell" (http://www.jonimitchell.com/) (http://www.jonimitchell.com/).. Jonimitchell.com. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 27. ^ Shriners Hospitals for Children, "About Rhythm on the Vine" (http://www.rhythmonthevin (http://www.rhy thmonthevine.org/index.c e.org/index.cfm/id/2/About fm/id/2/About-ROTV/), -ROTV/), Rhythm on the Vine, 2008. 28. ^ "Obama: People Who Love This Country Can Change It" (http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2009/01 (http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2009/01/18/obama/18/obamafamily-arrives-concert-linco family-arrive s-concert-lincoln-memorial/). ln-memorial/). Foxnews. January 18, 2009. Retrieved February 9, 2009. 29. ^ Haga, E. Herbie Hancock Named L.A. Philharmonic's Next Creative Chair for Jazz (http://jazztimes.com/articles/2498 (http://jazztimes.co m/articles/24981-herbie-han 1-herbie-hancock-named cock-named-l-a-philharm -l-a-philharmonic-s-next-c onic-s-next-creative-chair-f reative-chair-for-jazz), or-jazz), Jazz Times, August 5, 2009. '60 (http://loggia.grinnell.edu/Pag 30. ^ Alumni  Alumni Award: Herbert J. Hancock '60 (http://loggia.grinnell.edu/Page.aspx?pid=10 e.aspx?pid=1098)Hancock 98)Hancock received an Alumni

Award from Grinnell College at the annual Alumni Assembly June 5, 2010. 31. ^ "VIEW DVD Listing" (http://www.view.com/herbie_hancock_tr (http://www.view.com/herbie_hancock_trio_hurricane io_hurricane_dvd.aspx). _dvd.aspx). View.com. Retrieved October 22, 2011. 32. ^ [2] (http://www.news.harvard.edu/g (http://www.news.harvard.edu/gazette/2008/0 azette/2008/02.28/99-cultu 2.28/99-culturalrhythms.h ralrhythms.html) tml) 33. ^ "American Academy of Arts and Sciences membership" (http://www.amacad.org/c (http://www.amacad.org/content/membe ontent/members/members.aspx rs/members.aspx). ). Amacad.org. Retrieved 2014-04-18.

External links Herbie Hancock (http://www.herbiehancock.com) (http://www.herbiehancock.com) – official site Herbie Hancock

Wikimedia Commons has media related to  Herbie  Hancock .

(https://www.dmoz.org/Arts/M (https://www.dm oz.org/Arts/Music/Instruments/K usic/Instruments/Keyboard/Piano eyboard/Piano/Pianists/Jazz/Hancock /Pianists/Jazz/Hancock%2C_Herbie/) %2C_Herbie/) at DMOZ Herbie Hancock (http://www.mu (http://www.musicodex.com/pr sicodex.com/profile/herbiehanco ofile/herbiehancock) ck) Herbie Hancock MusiCodex Page Herbie Hancock (http://www.disco (http://www.discogs.com/artist/Herb gs.com/artist/Herbie+Hancock) ie+Hancock) discography at Discogs Herbie Hancock (http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0359 (http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0359372/) 372/) at the Internet Movie Database Herbie Hancock (http://vervemusicgroup.co (http://vervemusicgroup.com/artist.aspx?ob= m/artist.aspx?ob=pri&src=wiki&a pri&src=wiki&aid=2846) id=2846) at Verve Records Herbie Hancock (http://vervemus (http://vervemusicgroup.com/p icgroup.com/product.aspx roduct.aspx?ob=n&src= ?ob=n&src=art&pid=1177 art&pid=11770) 0) album River:The


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Herbie Hancock - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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 Joni Letters release at Verve Records

Herbie Hancock (http://www.stamil.homepage.t-o (http://www.stamil.homepage.t-online.de/hhdisc nline.de/hhdisco.htm) o.htm) fan discography Herbie Hancock (http://applematters.com/index.php (http://applematters.co m/index.php/section/comments/the_ /section/comments/the_applematters_interv applematters_interview_herbie_han iew_herbie_hancock) cock) interview about music and technology at AppleMatters (http://www.app (http://www.applematters.com) lematters.com) Herbie Hancock (http://www.lived (http://www.livedaily.com/interviews/live aily.com/interviews/liveDaily_Interview_ Daily_Interview_Herbie_Hanco Herbie_Hancock-8360. ck-8360.html) html) interview on the "Possibilities" album release at LiveDaily (http://www.livedaily.co (http://www.livedaily.com) m) Herbie Hancock (http://www.jamb (http://www.jambase.com/headsup ase.com/headsup.asp?storyID .asp?storyID=11098&d =11098&disp=all) isp=all) Outside The Comfort   Zone interview at JamBase (http://www.jambase.co (http://www.jambase.com) m)

Herbie Hancock (http://www.jazz.co (http://www.jazz.com/dozens/the-do m/dozens/the-dozens-twelve-essen zens-twelve-essential-herbie-hanco tial-herbie-hancockckperformances) Essential Recordings by Ted Gioia at jazz.com (http://www.jazz.com) Herbie Hancock (http://loggia.grin (http://loggia.grinnell.edu/Page.asp nell.edu/Page.aspx?pid=109 x?pid=1098) 8) Grinnell College Alumni Award citation, from Grinnell College Alumni Assembly on June 5, 2010 Herbie Hancock (http://www.newyorkjazzworkshop.co (http://www.newyorkjazzworkshop.com/herbie-hanco m/herbie-hancock/) ck/) In depth article by C.J Shearn on the New York Jazz Workshop blog, November, 2014

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia. "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.p org/w/index.php?title=Herbie_H hp?title=Herbie_Hancock&oldid ancock&oldid=641850 =641850083" 083" Categories: 1940 1940 b birt irths hs 20th20th-cen centur tury y cla classi ssical cal ccom ompo poser serss 21s 21st-c t-cent entury ury cla classi ssical cal ccomp ompose osers rs AfricanAfri can-Amer American ican class classical ical comp composer oserss Afri African-A can-Americ merican an song songwrite writers rs Afric African-A an-Americ merican an Budd Buddhists hists Ameri Am erican can fun funk k ke keyb yboar oardis dists ts Ame Americ rican an jjazz azz ban bandle dleade aders rs Am Ameri erican can jaz jazzz co comp mpose osers rs Ameri Am erican can jaz jazzz pi piani anists sts Sin Singer gerss fr from om C Chic hicago ago,, Il Illin linois ois Ava Avantnt-gar garde de jjazz azz music musician ianss Best Origina Originall Music Sco Score re Acad Academy emy Aw Award ard win winners ners Gram Grammy my Awa Award-w rd-winnin inning g artist artistss Grin Gr inne nell ll C Col olle lege ge aalu lumn mnii Ha Hard rd b bop op p pia iani nist stss Ja Jazz zz ffus usio ion n pi pian anis ists ts Ja Jazz zz-f -fun unk k pi pian anis ists ts Li Livi ving ng p peo eopl plee Miless D Mile Dav avis is Bl Blue ue N Not otee Re Reco cord rdss ar arti tist stss Mod odal al jjaz azzz pi pian anis ists ts Po Post st-b -bop op pian pianis ists ts Co Conv nver erts ts tto oB Bud uddh dhis ism m Members of S!ka Ga Gakk kkai ai Co Conv nver erts ts to S!ka Ga Gakk kkai ai Ke Keyt ytar aris ists ts So Soul ul-j -jaz azzz k key eybo boar ardi dist stss American Amer ican male sing singer-so er-songw ngwriter riterss Nich Nichiren iren Budd Buddhists hists

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