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This article is about the largest city and state capital city of Hawaii, within the county of Honolulu. For the county of
Honolulu itself, see Honolulu County. For other uses, see Honolulu (disambiguation).

Hawaiian: Honolulu
State Capital
City and County of Honolulu

Clockwise: Aerial view of Downtown Honolulu, Pearl Harbor right outside the city, statue of King Kamehameha I in downtown, Diamond Head,
waterfront on Waikiki Beach, and Honolulu Hale (City Hall)

Nickname(s): Crossroads of the Pacific, Sheltered Bay, Town,

HNL, The Big Pineapple, Paradise

Motto: Haʻaheo No ʻO Honolulu (The Pride of Honolulu)

Location in Honolulu County and the state of Hawaii

Location in Honolulu County and the state of Hawaii
Coordinates: 21°18′N 157°49′W


Coordinates: 21°18′N 157°49′W [2]


 United States






April 30, 1907


 • Mayor

Kirk Caldwell (D)

 • Council
 • City

68.4 sq mi (177.2 km2)

 • Land

60.5 sq mi (156.7 km2)

 • Water

7.9 sq mi (20.5 km2)


19 ft (6 m)

Population (2010)
 • City

390,738 (46th)

 • Density

5,574/sq mi (2,152.2/km2)

 • Metro




Time zone

Hawaiian (HST) (UTC−10)

Zip Code


Area code(s)


FIPS code


GNIS feature ID


Honolulu (/ˌhoʊnoʊˈluːluː/;[3][4] Hawaiian: Honolulu) is the state capital and the most populous city in the U.S.
state of Hawaii.[5]</ref> It is the county seat of the City and County of Honolulu. Hawaii is a major tourist
destination and Honolulu, situated on the island of Oahu, is the main gateway to Hawaii and a major gateway into
the United States. The city is also a major hub for international business, military defense, as well as famously being
host to a diverse variety of east-west and Pacific culture, cuisine, and traditions.
Honolulu is both the westernmost and the southernmost major American city. For statistical purposes, the U.S.
Census Bureau recognizes the approximate area commonly referred to as "City of Honolulu" (not to be confused
with the "City and County") as a census county division (CCD). Honolulu is a major financial center of the islands
and of the Pacific Ocean. The population of Honolulu CCD was 390,738 at the 2010 census, while the population of
the consolidated city and county was 953,207.
In the Hawaiian, Honolulu means "sheltered bay" or "place of shelter"Wikipedia:Citation needed; alternatively, it
means "calm port". The old name is said to be Kou, a district roughly encompassing the area from Nuuanu Avenue
to Alakea Street and from Hotel Street to Queen Street which is the heart of the present downtown district. The city
has been the capital of the Hawaiian islands since 1845 and gained historical recognition following the attack on
Pearl Harbor by Japan near the city on December 7, 1941.



See also: Timeline of Honolulu

Port of Honolulu, as seen by Russian artist Louis
Choris in 1816.

Evidence of the first settlement of Honolulu by the original Polynesian
migrants to the archipelago comes from oral histories and artifacts.
These indicate that there was a settlement where Honolulu now stands
in the 11th century. However, after Kamehameha I conquered Oʻahu in
the Battle of Nuʻuanu at Nuʻuanu Pali, he moved his royal court from
the Island of Hawaiʻi to Waikīkī in 1804. His court relocated in 1809 to
what is now downtown Honolulu. The capital was moved back to
Kailua-Kona in 1812.
In 1794, Captain William Brown of Great Britain was the first
foreigner to sail into what is now Honolulu Harbor. More foreign ships
followed, making the port of Honolulu a focal point for merchant ships
traveling between North America and Asia.

Queen Street, Honolulu, 1856, by George Henry

In 1845, Kamehameha III moved the permanent capital of the
Hawaiian Kingdom from Lahaina on Maui to Honolulu. He and the
kings that followed him transformed Honolulu into a modern capital,
erecting buildings such as St. Andrew's Cathedral, ʻIolani Palace, and
Aliʻiōlani Hale. At the same time, Honolulu became the center of
commerce in the islands, with descendants of American missionaries
establishing major businesses in downtown Honolulu.
Despite the turbulent history of the late 19th century and early 20th
century, such as the overthrow of the Hawaiian monarchy in 1893,
Hawaiʻi's subsequent annexation by the United States in 1898,
followed by a large fire in 1900, and the Japanese attack on Pearl
Harbor in 1941, Honolulu remained the capital, largest city, and main
airport and seaport of the Hawaiian Islands.

An economic and tourism boom following statehood brought rapid
economic growth to Honolulu and Hawaiʻi. Modern air travel brings,
The Great Chinatown Fire.
as of 2007, 7.6 million visitors annually to the islands, with 62.3%
entering at Honolulu International Airport. Today, Honolulu is a modern city with numerous high-rise buildings, and
Waikīkī is the center of the tourism industry in Hawaiʻi, with thousands of hotel rooms. The UK consulting firm
Mercer, in a 2009 assessment "conducted to help governments and major companies place employees on
international assignments", ranked Honolulu 29th worldwide in quality of living; the survey factored in political
stability, personal freedom, sanitation, crime, housing, the natural environment, recreation, banking facilities,
availability of consumer goods, education, and public services including transportation.



According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total
area of 68.4 square miles (177.2 km2). 60.5 square miles (156.7 km2)
of it is land, and 7.9 square miles (20.5 km2) of it (11.56%) is water.

Astronaut photograph of western Honolulu, HNL
Airport, and Pearl Harbor taken from the
International Space Station

The closest location on the mainland to Honolulu is the Point Arena
Lighthouse in California, at 2,045 nautical miles (3,787 km).[6]
(Nautical vessels require some additional distance to circumnavigate
Makapuʻu Point.) However, part of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska are
slightly closer to Honolulu than the mainland.

Neighborhoods, boroughs, and districts
• Downtown Honolulu is the financial, commercial, and
governmental center of Hawaii. On the waterfront is Aloha Tower,
which for many years was the tallest building in Hawaii. Currently
the tallest building is the 438-foot (134 m) tall First Hawaiian
Center, located on King and Bishop Streets. The downtown campus
of Hawaii Pacific University is also located there.
• The Arts District Honolulu in downtown/Chinatown is on the
eastern edge of Chinatown. It is a 12-block area bounded by Bethel
& Smith Streets and Nimitz Highway and Beretania Street – home
to numerous arts and cultural institutions. It is located within the
Chinatown Historic District, which includes the former Hotel Street
Vice District.

Honolulu as seen from the International Space

• The Capitol District is the eastern part of Downtown Honolulu. It is
the current and historic center of Hawaii's state government,
incorporating the Hawaii State Capitol, ʻIolani Palace, Honolulu
Hale (City Hall), State Library, and the statue of King Kamehameha
I, along with numerous government buildings.
• Kakaʻako is a light-industrial district between Downtown and
Waikīkī that has seen a large-scale redevelopment effort in the past
decade. It is home to two major shopping areas, Ward Warehouse
and Ward Centre. The John A. Burns School of Medicine, part of
the University of Hawaiʻi at Manoa is also located there. A
Memorial to the Ehime Maru Incident victims is built at Kakaako
Waterfront Park.

Downtown at Bishop and King streets, with First
Hawaiian Center (left) and Bankoh Center (right)

• Ala Moana is a district between Kakaʻako and Waikīkī and the home of Ala Moana Center, the "World's largest
open air shopping center" and the largest shopping mall in Hawaii. Ala Moana Center boasts over 300 tenants and
is a very popular location among tourists. Also in Ala Moana is the Honolulu Design Center and Ala Moana
Beach Park, the second largest park in Honolulu.
• Waikīkī is the tourist district of Honolulu, located between the Ala Wai Canal and the Pacific Ocean next to
Diamond Head. Numerous hotels, shops, and nightlife opportunities are located along Kalakaua and Kuhio
Avenues. It is a popular location for visitors and locals alike and attracts millions of visitors every year. A


majority of the hotel rooms on Oahu are located in Waikīkī.
Manoa and Makiki are residential neighborhoods located in adjacent valleys just inland of downtown and
Waikīkī. Manoa Valley is home to the main campus of the University of Hawaiʻi. President Barack Obama lived
in Makiki with his maternal grandparents until graduating from Punahou School, apart from four years in
Indonesia with his mother and stepfather.
Nuʻuanu and Pauoa are upper-middle-class residential districts located inland of downtown Honolulu. The
National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific is located in Punchbowl Crater fronting Pauoa Valley.
Palolo and Kaimuki are neighborhoods east of Manoa and Makiki, inland from Diamond Head. Palolo Valley
parallels Manoa and is a residential neighborhood. Kaimuki is primarily a residential neighborhood with a
commercial strip centered on Waialae Avenue running behind Diamond Head. Chaminade University is located
in Kaimuki.
Waialae and Kahala are upper-class districts of Honolulu located directly east of Diamond Head, where there are
many high-priced homes. Also found in these neighborhoods are the Waialae Country Club and the five-star
Kahala Hotel & Resort.
East Honolulu includes the residential communities of ʻĀina Haina, Niu Valley, and Hawaiʻi Kai. These are
considered upper-middle-class neighborhoods. The upscale gated communities of Waiʻalae ʻiki and Hawaiʻi Loa
Ridge are also located here.

• Kalihi and Palama are working-class neighborhoods with a number of government housing developments. Lower
Kalihi, toward the ocean, is a light-industrial district.
• Salt Lake and Aliamanu are (mostly) residential areas built in extinct tuff cones along the western end of the
Honolulu District, not far from the Honolulu International Airport.
• Moanalua is two neighborhoods and a valley at the western end of Honolulu, and home to Tripler Army Medical

Honolulu experiences a tropical semi-arid climate (Köppen classification Bsh), with a mostly dry summer season,
due to a rain shadow effect. Temperatures vary little throughout the months, with average high temperatures of
80–90 °F (27–32 °C) and average lows of 65–75 °F (18–24 °C) throughout the year. Temperatures reach or exceed
90 °F (32 °C) on an average 38 days annually,[7] with lows in the upper 50s °F (14–15 °C) occurring once or twice a
year. The highest recorded temperature was 95 °F (35 °C) during a heat wave in September 1998. The highest
recorded temperature in the state was also recorded later that day in Ni'ihau. The lowest recorded temperature was
52 °F (11 °C) on February 16, 1902, and January 20, 1969.
Annual average rainfall is 17.05 in (433 mm), which mainly occurs during the winter months of October through
early April, with very little rainfall during the summer. Honolulu has an average of 278 sunny days and 90 wet days
per year. Although Honolulu is known to have a wet and dry season, it is unnoticeable. This is mainly because light
showers fall in the summer while heavier rain falls during the winter. Yet, both seasons experience the same amount
of rainy days.
Although the city is situated in the upper tropics, hurricanes are quite rare. The last recorded hurricane that hit the
area was Category 4 Hurricane Iniki in 1992. Tornadoes are also uncommon and usually strike once every 15 years.
Waterspouts off the coast are also uncommon, hitting about once every five years.
Honolulu falls under the USDA 12a Plant Hardiness zone.[8]




Climate data for Honolulu (Honolulu International Airport), 1981−2010 normals, extremes 1877−present
















Record high °F (°C)














Average high °F (°C)

(26.7) (26.8) (27.3) (28.2) (29.2) (30.6) (31.1) (31.5) (31.4) (30.4) (28.8) (27.3)


Daily mean °F (°C)

(22.9) (22.8) (23.6) (24.5) (25.4) (26.8) (27.3) (27.7) (27.5) (26.7) (25.3) (23.8) (25.36)

Average low °F (°C)

(19.1) (18.9) (19.8) (20.8) (21.6)

Record low °F (°C)
Rainfall inches (mm)




(58.7) (50.5) (51.3)


(23.6) (23.9) (23.6)












(21.9) (20.2)





(14.2) (17.8) (46.7) (61.5) (82.3) (434.3)

Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.01 inch)














% humidity














Mean monthly sunshine












199.5 3,035.9

Percent possible sunshine














Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990)

Average Sea Temperature[10]
76.5 °F
(24.7 °C)

75.9 °F
(24.4 °C)

75.7 °F
(24.3 °C)

76.9 °F
(24.9 °C)

77.9 °F
(25.5 °C)

78.7 °F
(25.9 °C)

Panorama of Honolulu's waterfront in February 2007.


78.9 °F
(26.1 °C)

79.5 °F
(26.4 °C)

80.4 °F
(26.9 °C)

79.8 °F
(26.6 °C)

78.5 °F
(25.8 °C)

77 °F
(25 °C)











































Population 1890–2010.

The population of Honolulu was 390,738 according to the 2010 U.S.
Census. Of those, 192,781 (49.3%) were male and 197,957 (50.7%)
were female. The median age for males was 40.0 and 43.0 for females;
the overall median age was 41.3. Approximately 84.7% of the total
population was 16 years and over; 82.6% were 18 years and over,
78.8% were 21 years and over, 21.4% were 62 years and over, and
17.8% were 65 years and over.
The Hawaii State Capitol

In terms of race and ethnicity, 54.8% were Asian, 17.9% were White,
1.5% were Black or African American, 0.2% were American Indian or
Alaska Native, 8.4% were Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander,
0.8% were from "some other race", and 16.3% were from two or more
races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race made up 5.4% of the
population. In 1970, the Census Bureau reported Honolulu's population
as 33.9% white and 53.7% Asian and Pacific Islander.

Asian Americans represent the majority of Honolulu's population. The
Asian ethnic groups are Japanese (19.9%), Filipinos (13.2%), Chinese
(10.4%), Koreans (4.3%), Vietnamese (2.0%), Asian Indians (0.3%),
Laotians (0.3%), Thais (0.2%), Cambodians (0.1%), and Indonesians
DFS Galleria in Waikīkī
(0.1%). People solely of Native Hawaiian ancestry made up just 3.2%
of the population. Samoan Americans made up 1.5% of the population, Marshallese people make up 0.5% of the
city's population, and Tongan people comprise 0.3% of its population. People of Guamanian or Chamorro descent
made up 0.2% of the population and numbered 841 residents.



The largest city and airport in the
Hawaiian Islands, Honolulu acts as a
natural gateway to the islands' large
tourism industry, which brings millions
of visitors and contributes $10 billion
annually to the local economy.
Honolulu's location in the Pacific also
makes it a large business and trading
hub, particularly between the East and
the West. Other important aspects of
the city's economy include military
defense, research and development,
and manufacturing.

Honolulu viewed from Diamond Head crater.

Among the companies based in Honolulu are:
• Alexander & Baldwin

Bank of Hawaii
Central Pacific Bank
First Hawaiian Bank
Hawaii Medical Service Association
Hawaii Pacific Health
Hawaiian Electric Industries
Matson Navigation Company
The Queen's Health Systems

Go! Mokulele,[11] Hawaiian Airlines, Island Air, and Aloha Air Cargo are headquartered in the city.[12][13] Prior to
its dissolution, Aloha Airlines was headquartered in the city.[14] At one time Mid-Pacific Airlines had its
headquarters on the property of Honolulu International Airport.[15]
In 2009, Honolulu had a 4.5% increase in the average price of rent, maintaining it in the second most expensive
rental market ranking among 210 U.S. metropolitan areas.
Since no national bank chains have any branches in Hawaii, many visitors and new residents use different banks.
First Hawaiian Bank is the largest and oldest bank in Hawaii and their headquarters are at the First Hawaiian Center,
the tallest building in the State of Hawaii.



Cultural institutions
Natural museums
The Bishop Museum is the largest of Honolulu's museums. It is endowed with
the state's largest collection of natural history specimens and the world's largest
collection of Hawaiiana and Pacific culture artifacts. The Honolulu Zoo is the
main zoological institution in Hawaii while the Waikiki Aquarium is a working
marine biology laboratory. The Waikiki Aquarium is partnered with the
University of Hawaii and other universities worldwide. Established for
appreciation and botany, Honolulu is home to several gardens: Foster Botanical
Garden, Liliʻuokalani Botanical Garden, Walker Estate, among others.

Performing arts
Established in 1900, the Honolulu Symphony is the oldest US symphony
orchestra west of the Rocky Mountains. Other classical music ensembles include
the Hawaii Opera Theatre. Honolulu is also a center for Hawaiian music. The
main music venues include the Hawaii Theatre, the Neal Blaisdell Center
Concert Hall and Arena, and the Waikiki Shell.

With symbolic native-styled
architectural features, First Hawaiian
Center is the tallest building in
Hawaii and home to a Contemporary
Museum gallery

Honolulu also includes several venues for live theater, including the Diamond Head Theatre.

Visual arts
Various institutions for the visual arts are located in Honolulu.
The Honolulu Museum of Art is endowed with the largest collection of Asian and Western art in Hawaii. It also has
the largest collection of Islamic art, housed at the Shangri La estate. The museum hosts a film and video program
dedicated to arthouse and world cinema in the museum's Doris Duke Theatre, named for the museum's historic
patroness Doris Duke.Wikipedia:Citation needed
The Contemporary Museum is the only contemporary art museum in the state. It has two locations: main campus in
Makiki and a multi-level gallery in downtown Honolulu at the First Hawaiian Center.
The Hawaii State Art Museum (also downtown) boasts pieces by local artists as well as traditional Hawaiian art. The
museum is administered by the Hawaii State Foundation on Culture and the Arts.
Honolulu also annually holds the Hawaii International Film Festival (HIFF). It showcases some of the best films
from producers all across the Pacific Rim and is the largest "East meets West" style film festival of its sort in the
United States.



Tourist attractions

Ala Moana Center
Aloha Tower
Bishop Museum
Diamond Head
Hanauma Bay
Honolulu Museum of Art
Honolulu Zoo
ʻIolani Palace

Lyon Arboretum
National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific
USS Arizona Memorial
Waikiki Aquarium
Waikiki Beach
Waikiki Trolley

Diamond Head viewed from Round Top Drive

Honolulu's climate lends itself to year-round activities. In 2004, Men's Fitness magazine named Honolulu the fittest
city in the United States. Honolulu has three large road races:
• The Great Aloha Run is held annually on Presidents' Day.
• The Honolulu Marathon, held annually on the second Sunday in December, draws more than 20,000 participants
each year, about half to two thirds of them from Japan.
• The Honolulu Triathlon is an Olympic distance triathlon event governed by USA Triathlon. Held annually in May
since 2004, there is an absence of a sprint course.
Ironman Hawaii was first held in Honolulu, it was the first ever Ironman and is also the World Champs.
Fans of spectator sports in Honolulu generally support the football, volleyball, basketball, rugby union, rugby league
and baseball programs of the University of Hawaii at Manoa. High school sporting events, especially football, are
especially popular.
Honolulu has no professional sports teams. It was the home of the Hawaii Islanders (Pacific Coast League,
1961–1987), The Hawaiians (World Football League, 1974–1975), Team Hawaii (North American Soccer League,
1977), and the Hawaiian Islanders (af2, 2002–2004).
The NCAA football Hawaii Bowl is played in Honolulu. Honolulu has also hosted the NFL's annual Pro Bowl each
February since 1980, though the 2010 Pro Bowl was played in Miami. In 2011, the 2011 Pro Bowl returned once
again to Honolulu. From 1993 to 2008, Honolulu hosted Hawaii Winter Baseball, featuring minor league players
from Major League Baseball, Nippon Professional Baseball, Korea Baseball Organization, and independent leagues.


Venues for spectator sports in Honolulu include:
• Les Murakami Stadium at UH-Manoa (baseball)
• Neal Blaisdell Center Arena (basketball)
• Stan Sheriff Center at UH-Manoa (basketball and volleyball)
Aloha Stadium, a venue for American football and soccer, is located in Halawa near Pearl Harbor, just outside

Kirk Caldwell was elected mayor of Honolulu County on November 6,
2012, and has begun serving as the county's 14th mayor on January 2,
2013. The municipal offices of the City and County of Honolulu,
including Honolulu Hale, the seat of the city and county, are located in
the Capitol District, as are the Hawaii state government buildings.
The Capitol District is within the Honolulu census county division
(CCD), the urban area commonly regarded as the "City" of Honolulu.
The Honolulu CCD is located on the southeast coast of Oahu between
Completed in 1928, Honolulu Hale is the city and
Makapuu and Halawa. The division boundary follows the Koolau
county seat
crestline, so Makapuʻu Beach is in the Koolaupoko District. On the
west, the division boundary follows Halawa Stream, then crosses Red
Hill and runs just west of Aliamanu Crater, so that Aloha Stadium, Pearl Harbor (with the USS Arizona Memorial),
and Hickam Air Force Base are actually all located in the island's Ewa CCD.
The Hawaii Department of Public Safety operates the Oahu Community Correctional Center, the jail for the island of
Oahu, in Honolulu CCD.
The United States Postal Service operates post offices in Honolulu. The main Honolulu Post Office is located by the
international airport at 3600 Aolele Street.[17] Federal Detention Center, Honolulu, operated by the Federal Bureau
of Prisons, is in the CDP.[18]

Diplomatic missions on the island
Several countries have diplomatic facilities in Honolulu, due to its strategically important position in the mid-Pacific.
They include consulates of Japan,[19] South Korea,[20] Philippines,[21] Federated States of Micronesia,[22]
Australia,[23] and the Marshall Islands.[24]

Colleges and universities
See also: List of colleges and universities in Hawaii
Colleges and universities in Honolulu include Honolulu Community College, Kapiolani Community College, the
University of Hawaii at Manoa, Chaminade University, and Hawaii Pacific University. UH Manoa houses the main
offices of the University of Hawaii System.[25]




Public primary and secondary schools
Hawaii Department of Education operates public schools in Honolulu. Public high schools within the CDP area
include Wallace Rider Farrington, Kaiser, Kaimuki, Kalani, Moanalua, William McKinley, and Theodore Roosevelt.

Private primary and secondary schools
Private schools include Academy of the Pacific, Damien Memorial School, Hawaii Baptist Academy, Iolani School,
Kamehameha Schools, Maryknoll School, Mid-Pacific Institute, La Pietra, Punahou School, Sacred Hearts
Academy, St. Andrew's Priory School, Saint Francis School, Saint Louis School, the Education Laboratory School,
Saint Patrick School, Trinity Christian School, and Varsity International School.

Public libraries
Hawaii State Public Library System operates public libraries. The Hawaii State Library in the CDP serves as the
main library of the system, while the Library for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, also in the CDP area, serves
handicapped and blind people.
Branches in the CDP area include Aiea, Aina Haina, Ewa Beach, Hawaii Kai, Kahuku, Kailua, Kaimuki,
Kalihi-Palama, Kaneohe, Kapolei, Liliha, Manoa, McCully-Moiliili, Mililani, Moanalua, Wahiawa, Waialua,
Waianae, Waikiki-Kapahulu, Waimanalo, and Waipahu.

Main article: Media in Honolulu, Hawaii
Honolulu is served by one daily newspaper (the Honolulu Star-Advertiser), Honolulu Magazine, several radio
stations and television stations, among other media. Local news agency and CNN-affiliate Hawaii News Now
broadcasts and is headquartered out of Honolulu.
Honolulu and the island of Oahu has also been the location for many film and television projects, including Hawaii
Five-0 and Lost.

Located at the western end of the CDP, Honolulu International Airport
(HNL) is the principal aviation gateway to the state of Hawaii.
Kalaeloa Airport is primarily a commuter facility used by unscheduled
air taxis, general aviation and transient and locally based military

Honolulu has been ranked as having the nation’s worst traffic
congestion, beating former record holder Los Angeles. Drivers waste
on average over 58 hours per year on congested roadways. The
following freeways, part of the Interstate Highway System serve Honolulu:

Honolulu International Airport old control tower



Interstate H-1, which, coming into the city from the west,
passes Hickam Air Force Base and Honolulu International Airport,
runs just north of Downtown and continues eastward through
Makiki and Kaimuki, ending at Waialae/Kahala. H-1 connects to
Interstate H-2 from Wahiawa and Interstate H-3 from Kaneohe,
west of the CDP.

Interstate H-201—also known as the Moanalua Freeway and
sometimes numbered as its former number, Hawaii State Rte.
78—connects two points along H-1: at Aloha Stadium and Fort
Shafter. Close to H-1 and Aloha Stadium, H-201 has an exchange
with the western terminus of Interstate H-3 to the windward side of
Oahu (Kaneohe). This complex of connecting ramps, some directly
between H-1 and H-3, is in Halawa.
• H2 - connects H1 with the Mililani area in the center of the island.
• H3 - connects H1 with the Kaneohe (windward) side of the island.

8R "Reef Runway" of Honolulu International

Other major highways that link Honolulu proper with other parts of the
Island of Oahu are:
• Pali Highway, State Rte. 61, crosses north over the Koolau range
via the Pali Tunnels to connect to Kailua and Kaneohe on the
windward side of the Island.
• Likelike Highway, State Rte. 63, also crosses the Koolau to
Kaneohe via the Wilson Tunnels.

Aerial view of H-1 (looking east) from Honolulu
Airport heading into downtown Honolulu

• Kalanianaole Highway, State Rte. 72, runs eastward from Waialae/Kahala to Hawaii Kai and around the east end
of the island to Waimanalo Beach.
• Kamehameha Highway, State Rts. 80, 83, 99 and 830, runs westward from near Hickam Air Force Base to Aiea
and beyond, eventually running through the center of the island and ending in Kaneohe.
Like most major American cities, the Honolulu metropolitan area experiences heavy traffic congestion during rush
hours, especially to and from the western suburbs of Kapolei, 'Ewa Beach, Aiea, Pearl City, Waipahu, and Mililani.
There is a Hawaii Electric Vehicle Demonstration Project (HEVDP).

Public transport
Honolulu Authority for Rapid Transportation
In November 2010, voters approved a charter amendment to create a public transit authority to oversee the planning,
construction, operation and future extensions to Honolulu's future rail system (see below). Operations began on July
1, 2011. The Honolulu Authority for Rapid Transportation (HART) currently includes a 10-member board of
directors; three members appointed by the mayor, three members selected by the Honolulu City Council, and the city
and state transportation directors.

Main article: TheBus (Honolulu)
Established by former Mayor Frank F. Fasi as the replacement for the Honolulu Rapid Transit Company (HRT),
Honolulu's TheBus system has been twice honored by the American Public Transportation Association bestowing
the title of "America's Best Transit System" for 1994–1995 and 2000–2001. TheBus operates 107 routes serving
Honolulu and most major cities and towns on Oahu. TheBus comprises a fleet of 531 buses, and is run by the
non-profit corporation Oahu Transit Services in conjunction with the city Department of Transportation Services.
Honolulu is ranked 4th for highest per-capita use of mass transit in the United States.[26]
Main article: Honolulu High-Capacity Transit Corridor Project
Currently, there is no urban rail transit system in Honolulu, although electric street railways were operated in
Honolulu by the now-defunct Honolulu Rapid Transit Company prior to World War II. Predecessors to the Honolulu
Rapid Transit Company were the Honolulu Rapid Transit and Land Company (began 1903) and Hawaiian Tramways
(began 1888).
The City and County of Honolulu is currently constructing a 20-mile (32 km) rail transit line that will connect
Honolulu with cities and suburban areas near Pearl Harbor and in the Leeward and West Oahu regions. The
Honolulu High-Capacity Transit Corridor Project is aimed at alleviating traffic congestion for West Oahu commuters
while being integral in the westward expansion of the metropolitan area. The project, however, has been criticized by
opponents of rail for its cost, delays, and potential environmental impacts, but the line is expected to have large

Notable people
The following are notable people who were born in Honolulu, and/or current and former residents of Honolulu:

Barack Obama, 44th and current President of the United States (2009–present)
Neil Abercrombie, 7th and current Governor of Hawaii
Daniel Akaka, United States Senator, first Native Hawaiian senator in the United States
David Amerson, football player, North Carolina State and Washington Redskins cornerback
Judi Andersen, Miss Hawaii USA 1978, Miss USA 1978
George Ariyoshi, 3rd Governor of Hawaii, the first Asian American governor in the United States
Sarah Wayne Callies, actress
Tia Carrere, singer, actress
Byron Chamberlain, former football player in the National Football League
Mark Dacascos, actor, martial artist
Ron Darling, baseball pitcher, broadcaster
Lauren Graham, actress and producer
Kyla Ross, Olympic gold medalist gymnast and member of the Fierce FiveWikipedia:Citation needed
Kelly Hu, Miss Hawaii Teen USA 1985, Miss Teen USA 1985
Melody Miyuki Ishikawa, singerWikipedia:Citation needed
Nicole Kidman, actress
Daniel Dae Kim, actor
Darren Kimura, businessman, founder of Sopogy
Lois Lowry, author

• Bruno Mars, singer and songwriter
• Janel Parrish, actress (plays Mona in Pretty Little Liars), musician, and modelWikipedia:Citation needed
• Bette Midler, singer and actress



Timothy Olyphant, actor
Pierre Omidyar, eBay, creator and founder
B.J. Penn, UFC lightweight and welterweight champion
Hironobu Sakaguchi, video game director, writer and producer
Nicole Scherzinger, singer, dancer, model
Jake Shimabukuro, ukulele virtuoso
Thomas Tamas, sport shooter
Manti Teʻo, football player for Notre Dame and San Diego ChargersWikipedia:Citation needed
Macel Wilson, Miss Hawaii USA 1962, Miss USA 1962
Tanya Wilson, Miss Hawaii USA 1972, Miss USA 1972
Milt Wilcox, MLB pitcher for Detroit Tigers


Queen Liliuokalani, last reigning Queen of the Hawaiian Islands
Bernice Pauahi Bishop, Hawaiian princess, philanthropist, aliʻi, and Kamehameha descendant
Charles Reed Bishop businessman, philanthropist, founder of the Bishop Museum
John A. Burns, 2nd Governor of Hawaii

Alexander Cartwright, "Father of Baseball"
Joseph Campbell, writer, lecturer
James Dole, developer of the Pineapple industry in Hawaii, namesake of the Dole Food Company
Sanford B. Dole, lawyer, jurist, the President of the Republic of Hawaii, and the 1st Territorial Governor of
Amelia Earhart, American aviation pioneer and author
Hiram Fong, United States Senator, namesake of the Senator Fong's Plantation & Gardens in Kaneohe
Willi Hennig, biologistWikipedia:Citation needed
Daniel Inouye, Medal of Honor recipient, United States Senator, President pro tempore
Princess Kaʻiulani, crown princess, heir to the throne of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi
King Kalakaua, last reigning king of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi
Duke Kahanamoku, Olympic gold medalist, surfer, actor
Israel Kamakawiwoʻole, Hawaiian musician
King Lunalilo, King to the Kingdom of Hawaii
Ferdinand Marcos, former President of the Philippines
Megan McClung, first female United States Marine Corps officer killed in combat during the Iraq War
Ed Parker, martial artist, author
Syngman Rhee, 1st President of South Korea
Robert Louis Stevenson, novelist, poet, essayist and travel writer
Sun Yat-sen, "Father of the Nation" of the Republic of China, and the "forerunner of democratic revolution" in
the People's Republic of China
Donald Sur, composer and musicologist
Lorrin A. Thurston lawyer, politician in Honolulu early 1900s




Twin towns – Sister cities
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Hawaii
Honolulu is twinned with:

Naples, Italy
Sintra, Portugal
City of San Fernando, Philippines
Hiroshima, Japan
Seoul, South Korea

[1] "Town" is a commonly used local nickname for Honolulu, in reference to the fact that the Honolulu, or "Town" side of the island is the most
urbanized and dense part of Oahu.
[2] http:/ / tools. wmflabs. org/ geohack/ geohack. php?pagename=Honolulu& params=21_18_N_157_49_W_type:city_region:US-HI
[3] The Free Dictionary: Honolulu (http:/ / www. thefreedictionary. com/ Honolulu)
[4] Dictionary Reference: Honolulu (http:/ / dictionary. reference. com/ browse/ Honolulu) , ()
[5] For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau considers Honolulu to be a Census-designated place (CDP), rather than a city.<ref
name="Census CDP">
[6] Microsoft Streets and Trips 2007 Software, Copyright 2006 by Microsoft Corp. et al.
[7] This is comparable to Washington, D.C. despite being slightly warmer during the summer, see (http:/ / www. nws. noaa. gov/ climate/
xmacis. php?wfo=hnl).
[8] |source 1 = <USDA.gov= >
[9] Official records for Honolulu have been kept at downtown from February 1877 to September 1949, and at Honolulu Int'l since October 1949.
For more information, see ThreadEx (http:/ / threadex. rcc-acis. org)
[10] http:/ / www. seatemperature. org/ north-america/ united-states/ honolulu-january. htm
[11] " Contact Us (http:/ / www. mesa-air. com/ contactus. asp)." Mesa Air Group. Retrieved on February 23, 2010.
[12] " Locations (http:/ / www. alohaaircargo. com/ contact-info. html)." Aloha Air Cargo. Retrieved on May 21, 2009.
[13] " Honolulu CDP, HI (http:/ / factfinder. census. gov/ servlet/ MapItDrawServlet?geo_id=16000US1517000& _bucket_id=50&
tree_id=420& context=saff& _lang=en& _sse=on)." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 21, 2009.
[14] " Aloha Airlines, Inc. (http:/ / investing. businessweek. com/ research/ stocks/ private/ snapshot. asp?privcapId=7703868)" BusinessWeek.
Retrieved on May 21, 2009.
[15] "World Airline Directory." Flight International. May 16, 1981. 1452 (http:/ / www. flightglobal. com/ pdfarchive/ view/ 1981/ 1981 - 1450.
html?search="Muse Air"). "Head Office: Honolulu International Airport, Hawaii, USA."
[16] " Halawa CDP, Hawaii (http:/ / factfinder. census. gov/ servlet/ MapItDrawServlet?geo_id=16000US1510000& _bucket_id=50&
tree_id=420& context=saff& _lang=en& _sse=on)." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 21, 2009.
[17] " Post Office Location – Honolulu (http:/ / usps. whitepages. com/ service/ post_office/ 27348?p=5& s=HI& service_name=post_office&
z=honolulu)." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 21, 2009.
[18] " FDC Honolulu Contact Information (http:/ / www. bop. gov/ DataSource/ execute/ dsFacilityAddressLoc?start=y& facilityCode=hon)."
Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved on December 30, 2009.
[19] " Visa & Travel (http:/ / www. honolulu. us. emb-japan. go. jp/ en/ visa_visa_en. htm)." Consulate-General of Japan in Honolulu. Accessed
August 17, 2008.
[20] " Location (http:/ / usa-honolulu. mofat. go. kr/ eng/ am/ usa-honolulu/ mission/ locations/ index. jsp)." Consulate-General of South Korea in
Honolulu. Retrieved on January 10, 2009.
[21] " Other Philippine Missions in the U.S. (http:/ / www. chicagopcg. com/ about_rpmissions. html#honolulu)." Consulate-General of the
Philippines in Chicago. Retrieved on January 10, 2009.
[22] " Department of Foreign Affairs, Overseas Embassies, Consulates, and Missions (http:/ / www. fsmgov. org/ ovmis. html)." Department of
Foreign Affairs (Federated States of Micronesia). Retrieved on January 10, 2009.
[23] " Australian Consulate-General in Honolulu, United States of America (http:/ / www. dfat. gov. au/ missions/ countries/ usha. html)."
Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Retrieved on January 10, 2009.
[24] " Foreign Mission (http:/ / rmigovernment. org/ about_your_government. jsp?docid=9)." Republic of the Marshall Islands. Retrieved on
January 28, 2009.
[25] Magin, Janis L. "Land deals could breathe new life into Moiliili." Pacific Business News. Sunday July 1, 2007. 1 (http:/ / www. bizjournals.
com/ pacific/ stories/ 2007/ 07/ 02/ story4. html). Retrieved on October 5, 2011. "Dobelle at that time had even suggested moving the
University of Hawaii system offices from the Manoa campus to office space in Moiliili, something the current administration is not actively

[26] National Transit Database (http:/ / www. ntdprogram. gov/ ntdprogram/ pubs/ other_data_products/ Top_Transit_Cities. xls), Top Transit
Cities (2006)

External links
• City & County of Honolulu (http://www.honolulu.gov/) official site
• Hawaii Visitors and Convention Bureau (http://www.gohawaii.com/)


Article Sources and Contributors

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Aaron Schulz, Abdy batman, Abeg92, Abendigoreebs, Abu adam, Academic Challenger, Acalamari, Acntx, Acroterion, Adambiswanger1, Addihockey10, Addshore, Aditya Mahar, Adrianrt,
Ahara, Ahoerstemeier, Aitias, Akel13, Alai, Alansohn, Aldaron, AlexiusHoratius, AliCeleste, Alpha Quadrant, Altboy, Anaistwain, Anb racsh, Anclation, Andrew J Yach, Andron35, Andy M.
Wang, Andy Marchbanks, Angela, Angelo De La Paz, Angr, Angular, AnnaFrance, Antandrus, Aoi, Apollo1758, Arbor to SJ, Arctic Fox, Aresceo, Arjuna909, Asc85, Aspects, Asturianu,
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Chanjae, Charalph, CharlieABCs, CheepnisAroma, Chergles, Chowbok, Chris Kyrzyk, Chris the speller, ChrisGualtieri, Chrissperl, Chuck Sirloin, Cisum6cbb, Civil Engineer III, Ckatz, Cleared
as filed, Cliff1911, Closedmouth, Clubmambo808, Collinawesome, Colonies Chris, Colors99, CommonsDelinker, Connormah, Conscious, Contributor777, Conversion script, Coojah, Cool Stuff
Is Cool, Coolidiot12, Corporal Tunnel, CrazyC83, Crisco 1492, Cristo Vlahos, Criticalthinker, Cyanidethistles, D Monack, DARTH SIDIOUS 2, DRTllbrg, DTGHYUKLPOQWMNB, DVD R
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Elockid, Emir34, Emmette Hernandez Coleman, Epbr123, Epeefleche, Epicgenius, ErgoSum88, EurekaLott, Excirial, Eyesnore, Eynar, Fabsss, Fatal exception, Fauzan, Ferkelparade, Firsfron,
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Jamespatterson3541, JeffreyAllen1975, JereKrischel, Jeremy112233, Jeremykemp, Jhendin, Jj137, Jodosma, Joel Bradshaw, Joey Penguine, John K, John of Reading, Johnmperry, JohnnyB256,
Jolb, Jonathan A Jones, Joseph Solis in Australia, Jrboi, Jusdafax, Justforyou34543, Jweiss11, K7L, KAVEBEAR, KJS77, Kabir1976, Kalanianaole, Kalathalan, Kate, Katieh5584, Kbdank71,
KeanuKiyoshi, KeithH, Ken Gallager, Ketil, Kevin34285, Kevin342856, Kingmutato, Kingpin13, Kingturtle, Kkmd, Kmsiever, KnightRider, Koavf, Koppenlady, Korg, Krenair, Kukini, Kur0,
Kutchkutch, Kvasir, Kwamikagami, KzarLee, LGiHawaii, La goutte de pluie, Lachatdelarue, Larry Sanger, Laurenrose3091, Lavishluau, Lawrence Cohen, Lectonar, LessHeard vanU, Leutha,
LiDaobing, LibLord, LibStar, Lieutenant of Melkor, Lifung, Lightmouse, Llort, Local hero, LonelyMarble, Loodog, Looxix, Lordvaluemart, Lotje, M.C., M2545, MJCdetroit, MK8, Magioladitis,
Mahmudmasri, Maile66, Maleko, Manuel Trujillo Berges, Marek69, Marshman, Martinp23, Materialscientist, Mathmo, Mathpianist93, MattieTK, Mattiss44, Mb47660, Mcarling, MeRo987,
Mediacenter, Mee Merone, Meelar, Menchi, Mercurywoodrose, Merlin the 2nd, Mestesso, Mhockey, MiamiHawaii, Michael Patrick, Michael-angeloh, Michellecrisp, Miguel Chong, Miguel raul,
Mihaichirila, Mike Dillon, Mike Halterman, Mikeo, Mikevegas40, Milton Stanley, Mlaffs, Mogism, Mohamads219, Moreau36, Mottengott, Moviecritic, Mpalmer22, Mr Tan, MrX, Mrjoe33,
Mrschimpf, Mschilz20, Muboshgu, Musashi1600, Mwilso24, Mycollege, Mygerardromance, NawlinWiki, Neelix, NewEnglandYankee, Newton2, Nihaokeisha, Nishkid64, Nivix, Nixeagle, No
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Wizards, PhnomPencil, Phonemonkey, Phoxinator, Phuzion, Piano non troppo, Pinethicket, Pinotgris, Pjoef, Plastikspork, Polaron, Polisher of Cobwebs, Presidentman, Prevod&priredba,
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Vegaswikian, Ventusa, Vinfield3, Vipuljain83, Viralxtreme14, Viriditas, Vision3001, Voceditenore, Vrenator, W Nowicki, WCIDFS, WadeSimMiser, Waikikicom, Wayne Slam, Werieth,
Wester, Where's the Birth Certificate?, WhisperToMe, Widr, Wiki Wikardo, Wiki alf, Wikihuman70, Will Beback, WillC, Wmpearl, Woohookitty, Wrgharshsdh, Writer1200, XLR8TION,
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Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
File:HonoluluM.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:HonoluluM.png  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors: Please click on the links
above to see the authorship and license
File:Honolulu_County_Hawaii_Incorporated_and_Unincorporated_areas_Honolulu_Highlighted.svg  Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Honolulu_County_Hawaii_Incorporated_and_Unincorporated_areas_Honolulu_Highlighted.svg  License: Creative Commons
Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported  Contributors: Arkyan
File:USA Hawaii location map.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:USA_Hawaii_location_map.svg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0 Germany
 Contributors: NordNordWest
File:Flag of the United States.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_the_United_States.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Anomie
File:Flag of Hawaii.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Hawaii.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Anime Addict AA, Awg1010, Cycn, Dbenbenn,
Denelson83, Dzordzm, Editor at Large, F. F. Fjodor, Fry1989, Homo lupus, Hydrargyrum, Idh0854, Jianhui67, KAVEBEAR, Kalathalan, Ludger1961, Manuelt15, Mattes, Nagy, Nightstallion,
Ricordisamoa, Serinde, SiBr4, Sinnamon, Svgalbertian, Telim tor, Vonvon, Yaddah, Zscout370, 21 anonymous edits
File:Flag of Honolulu, Hawaii.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Honolulu,_Hawaii.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Dyfsunctional
File:Port d'Hanarourou by Louis Choris.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Port_d'Hanarourou_by_Louis_Choris.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: , artist,
Victor-Jean Adam, lithographer
File:George Henry Burgess - 'Queen Street, Honolulu', watercolor over graphite painting, 1856, Honolulu Academy of Arts.jpg  Source:
http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:George_Henry_Burgess_-_'Queen_Street,_Honolulu',_watercolor_over_graphite_painting,_1856,_Honolulu_Academy_of_Arts.jpg  License: Public
Domain  Contributors: Bukk, Cirt, Finavon, Hiart, KAVEBEAR, Kintetsubuffalo, Quibik, Wmpearl
File:Honolulu Chinatown fire of 1900.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Honolulu_Chinatown_fire_of_1900.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Infrogmation,
KAVEBEAR, Look2See1, W Nowicki
File:Honolulu (satellite photograph - 22 12 2009).jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Honolulu_(satellite_photograph_-_22_12_2009).jpg  License: Public Domain
 Contributors: NASA astronaut
File:Honolulu - NASA.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Honolulu_-_NASA.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Conscious, M2545, Nyttend, Palladinus
File:Honolulu Downtown.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Honolulu_Downtown.jpg  License: GNU Free Documentation License  Contributors: Marshman at
en.wikipedia / Eric Guinther
File:Honolulu waterfront.JPG  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Honolulu_waterfront.JPG  License: Creative Commons Attribution 2.5  Contributors: Qyd, Xnatedawgx
File:Magnify-clip.png  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Magnify-clip.png  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:Erasoft24
File:State of Hawaii's Capitol building.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:State_of_Hawaii's_Capitol_building.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution 2.0
 Contributors: http://www.flickr.com/photos/nostri-imago/ Original uploader was Jrboi at en.wikipedia
File:DFC Galleria in Waikiki.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:DFC_Galleria_in_Waikiki.jpg  License: GNU Free Documentation License  Contributors: Alpha
Quadrant, Discospinster, Dupontng, Kkmd, 2 anonymous edits


Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
File:Waikiki view from Diamond Head.JPG  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Waikiki_view_from_Diamond_Head.JPG  License: Creative Commons
Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors: User:Cristo Vlahos
File:First Hawaiian Center Tower in Honolulu, Hawaii USA.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:First_Hawaiian_Center_Tower_in_Honolulu,_Hawaii_USA.jpg
 License: Public Domain  Contributors: Xpixupload
File:Diamond Head Hawaii From Round Top Rd.JPG  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Diamond_Head_Hawaii_From_Round_Top_Rd.JPG  License: Creative
Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors: mar1865
File:Honolulu-Hale-frontcornerview.JPG  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Honolulu-Hale-frontcornerview.JPG  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Joel Bradshaw
File:HonoluluAirportWelcomeSign.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:HonoluluAirportWelcomeSign.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 2.0
 Contributors: hellochris
File:HNL reef runway.jpg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:HNL_reef_runway.jpg  License: GNU Free Documentation License  Contributors: Christopher P. Becker
File:Honolulu09.JPG  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Honolulu09.JPG  License: Public Domain  Contributors: ErgoSum88
File:I-H1.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:I-H1.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Admrboltz, Augiasstallputzer, Fietsbel, Foroa, Jerome Charles Potts,
Ltljltlj, Raquel350, Rfc1394, SPUI, Xnatedawgx, 2 anonymous edits
File:I-H201.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:I-H201.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Admrboltz, Fietsbel, Foroa, Jerome Charles Potts, Ltljltlj, Raquel350,
SPUI, 2 anonymous edits
File:Flag of Italy.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Italy.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Anomie
File:Flag of Portugal.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Portugal.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro (1910; generic
design); Vítor Luís Rodrigues; António Martins-Tuválkin (2004; this specific vector set: see sources)
File:Flag of the Philippines.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_the_Philippines.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: User:Achim1999
File:Flag of Japan.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_Japan.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Anomie
File:Flag of South Korea.svg  Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Flag_of_South_Korea.svg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Various

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