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Honolulu

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Honolulu
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the largest city and state capital city of Hawaii, within the county of Honolulu. For
the county of Honolulu itself, see Honolulu County. For other uses, see Honolulu (disambiguation).
Honolulu
Hawaiian: Honolulu
Consolidated city-county
City and County of Honolulu

Clockwise: Aerial view of Downtown Honolulu, Pearl Harborright outside the city,
statue of King Kamehameha I in downtown, Diamond Head, waterfront on Waikiki
Beach, and Honolulu Hale (City Hall)

Flag

Seal
Nickname(s): Crossroads of the Pacific
Sheltered Bay
HNL
The Big Pineapple
Town ("Town" is a commonly used local nickname for Honolulu,
in reference to the fact that the Honolulu, or "Town" side of the
island is the most urbanized and dense part of Oahu.)
Paradise
Motto: Haʻaheo No ʻO Honolulu (The Pride of Honolulu)
[1]


Location in Honolulu County and the state of Hawaii


Honolulu
Location in Honolulu County and the state of Hawaii
Coordinates: 21°18′N 157°49′WCoordinates:
21°18′N 157°49′W
Country United States
State Hawaii
County Honolulu
Incorporated April 30, 1907
[2]

Government
• Mayor Kirk Caldwell (D)
• Council Members[show]
Area
[3]

• City 68.4 sq mi (177.2 km
2
)
• Land 60.5 sq mi (156.7 km
2
)
• Water 7.9 sq mi (20.5 km
2
)
Elevation 19 ft (6 m)
Population (2010)
• City 390,738 (46th)
• Density 5,574/sq mi (2,152.2/km
2
)
• Metro 953,207
Demonym Honolulan
Time zone Hawaiian (HST) (UTC−10)
Zip Code 96801-96850
Area code(s) 808
FIPS code 15-17000
GNIS feature ID 366212
[4]

Honolulu (/ˌhoʊnoʊˈluːluː/;
[5][6]
Hawaiian: Honolulu) is the state capital and the most populous city in
the U.S. state of Hawaii.
[a]
It is thecounty seat of the City and County of Honolulu. Hawaii is a major
tourist destination and Honolulu, situated on the island of Oahu, is the main gateway to Hawaii and a
major gateway into the United States. The city is also a major hub for international business, military
defense, as well as famously being host to a diverse variety of east-west and Pacific culture, cuisine,
and traditions.
Honolulu is both the westernmost and the southernmost major American city. For statistical
purposes, the U.S. Census Bureau recognizes the approximate area commonly referred to as "City
of Honolulu" (not to be confused with the "City and County") as a census county
division (CCD).
[8]
Honolulu is a major financial center of the islands and of the Pacific Ocean. The
population of Honolulu CCD was 390,738 at the 2010 census,
[9]
while the population of the
consolidated city and county was 953,207.
Honolulu means "sheltered harbor"
[10]
or "calm port."
[11]
The old name is said to be Kou, a district
roughly encompassing the area from Nuuanu Avenue to Alakea Street and from Hotel Street to
Queen Street which is the heart of the present downtown district.
[12]
The city has been the capital of
the Hawaiian islands since 1845 and gained historical recognition following the attack on Pearl
Harbor by Japan near the city on December 7, 1941.
Contents
[hide]
 1 History
 2 Geography
o 2.1 Neighborhoods, boroughs, and districts
o 2.2 Climate
 3 Demographics
 4 Economy
 5 Cultural institutions
o 5.1 Natural museums
o 5.2 Performing arts
o 5.3 Visual arts
o 5.4 Tourist attractions
 6 Sports
o 6.1 Venues
 7 Government
o 7.1 Diplomatic missions on the island
 8 Education
o 8.1 Colleges and universities
o 8.2 Public primary and secondary schools
o 8.3 Private primary and secondary schools
o 8.4 Public libraries
 9 Media
 10 Transportation
o 10.1 Air
o 10.2 Highways
o 10.3 Public transport
 10.3.1 Honolulu Authority for Rapid Transportation
 10.3.2 Bus
 10.3.3 Rail
 11 Notable people
o 11.1 Deceased
 12 Twin towns – Sister cities
 13 See also
 14 Notes
 15 References
 16 External links
History[edit]
See also: Timeline of Honolulu

Port of Honolulu, as seen by Russian artist Louis Choris in 1816.
Queen Street, Honolulu, 1856, byGeorge Henry Burgess.

The Great Chinatown Fire.
Evidence of the first settlement of Honolulu by the original Polynesian migrants to
the archipelagocomes from oral histories and artifacts. These indicate that there was a settlement
where Honolulu now stands in the 11th century.
[13]
However, after Kamehameha
I conquered Oʻahu in the Battle of Nuʻuanu at Nuʻuanu Pali, he moved his royal court from the Island
of Hawaiʻi to Waikīkī in 1804. His court relocated in 1809 to what is now downtown Honolulu. The
capital was moved back to Kailua-Kona in 1812.
In 1794, Captain William Brown of Great Britain was the first foreigner to sail into what is now
Honolulu Harbor.
[14]
More foreign ships followed, making the port of Honolulu a focal point for
merchant ships traveling between North America and Asia.
In 1845, Kamehameha III moved the permanent capital of the Hawaiian
Kingdom from Lahaina onMaui to Honolulu. He and the kings that followed him transformed
Honolulu into a modern capital,
[15]
erecting buildings such as St. Andrew's Cathedral, ʻIolani Palace,
and Aliʻiōlani Hale. At the same time, Honolulu became the center of commerce in the islands, with
descendants of American missionaries establishing major businesses in downtown Honolulu.
[16]

Despite the turbulent history of the late 19th century and early 20th century, such as the overthrow of
the Hawaiian monarchy in 1893, Hawaiʻi's subsequent annexation by the United States in 1898,
followed by a large fire in 1900, and the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941, Honolulu
remained the capital, largest city, and main airport and seaport of the Hawaiian Islands.
[17]

An economic and tourism boom following statehood brought rapid economic growth to Honolulu and
Hawaiʻi. Modern air travel brings, as of 2007, 7.6 million visitors annually to the islands, with 62.3%
entering at Honolulu International Airport.
[18]
Today, Honolulu is a modern city with numerous high-
rise buildings, and Waikīkī is the center of the tourism industry in Hawaiʻi, with thousands of hotel
rooms. The UK consulting firm Mercer, in a 2009 assessment "conducted to help governments and
major companies place employees on international assignments", ranked Honolulu 29th worldwide
in quality of living; the survey factored in political stability, personal freedom, sanitation, crime,
housing, the natural environment, recreation, banking facilities, availability of consumer goods,
education, and public services including transportation.
[19]

Geography[edit]

Astronaut photograph of western Honolulu, HNL Airport, and Pearl Harbor taken from the International Space Station
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 68.4 square miles
(177.2 km
2
). 60.5 square miles (156.7 km
2
) of it is land, and 7.9 square miles (20.5 km
2
) of it
(11.56%) is water.
[20]

The closest location on the mainland to Honolulu is the Point Arena Lighthouse in California, at
2,045 nautical miles (3,787 km).
[21]
(Nautical vesselsrequire some additional distance
to circumnavigate Makapuʻu Point.) However, part of the Aleutian Islands of Alaska are slightly
closer to Honolulu than the mainland.
Neighborhoods, boroughs, and districts[edit]

Honolulu as seen from theInternational Space Station

Downtown at Bishop and King streets, with First Hawaiian Center (left) and Bankoh Center (right)
 Downtown Honolulu is the financial, commercial, and governmental center of Hawaii. On the
waterfront isAloha Tower, which for many years was the tallest building in Hawaii. Currently the
tallest building is the 438-foot (134 m) tall First Hawaiian Center, located on King and Bishop
Streets. The downtown campus of Hawaii Pacific University is also located there.
 The Arts District Honolulu in downtown/Chinatown is on the eastern edge of Chinatown. It is a
12-block area bounded by Bethel & Smith Streets and Nimitz Highway and Beretania Street –
home to numerous arts and cultural institutions. It is located within the Chinatown Historic
District, which includes the former Hotel Street Vice District.
[22]

 The Capitol District is the eastern part of Downtown Honolulu. It is the current and historic center
of Hawaii's state government, incorporating theHawaii State Capitol, ʻIolani Palace, Honolulu
Hale (City Hall), State Library, and the statue of King Kamehameha I, along with numerous
government buildings.
 Kakaʻako is a light-industrial district between Downtown and Waikīkī that has seen a large-scale
redevelopment effort in the past decade. It is home to two major shopping areas, Ward
Warehouse and Ward Centre. The John A. Burns School of Medicine, part of the University of
Hawaiʻi at Manoa is also located there. A Memorial to the Ehime Maru Incident victims is built at
Kakaako Waterfront Park.
 Ala Moana is a district between Kakaʻako and Waikīkī and the home of Ala Moana Center, the
"World's largest open air shopping center" and the largest shopping mall in Hawaii.
[23]
Ala Moana
Center boasts over 300 tenants and is a very popular location among tourists. Also in Ala Moana
is the Honolulu Design Center and Ala Moana Beach Park, the second largest park in Honolulu.
 Waikīkī is the tourist district of Honolulu, located between the Ala Wai Canal and the Pacific
Ocean next to Diamond Head. Numerous hotels, shops, and nightlife opportunities are located
along Kalakaua and Kuhio Avenues. It is a popular location for visitors and locals alike and
attracts millions of visitors every year. A majority of the hotel rooms on Oahu are located in
Waikīkī.
 Manoa and Makiki are residential neighborhoods located in adjacent valleys just inland of
downtown and Waikīkī. Manoa Valley is home to the main campus of the University of Hawaiʻi.
 Nuʻuanu and Pauoa are upper-middle-class residential districts located inland of downtown
Honolulu. The National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific is located in Punchbowl Crater fronting
Pauoa Valley.
 Palolo and Kaimuki are neighborhoods east of Manoa and Makiki, inland from Diamond Head.
Palolo Valley parallels Manoa and is a residential neighborhood. Kaimuki is primarily a
residential neighborhood with a commercial strip centered on Waialae Avenue running behind
Diamond Head. Chaminade University is located in Kaimuki.
 Waialae and Kahala are upper-class districts of Honolulu located directly east of Diamond Head,
where there are many high-priced homes. Also found in these neighborhoods are theWaialae
Country Club and the five-star Kahala Hotel & Resort.
 East Honolulu includes the residential communities of ʻĀina Haina, Niu Valley, and Hawaiʻi Kai.
These are considered upper-middle-class neighborhoods. The upscale gated communities of
Waiʻalae ʻiki and Hawaiʻi Loa Ridge are also located here.
 Kalihi and Palama are working-class neighborhoods with a number of government housing
developments. Lower Kalihi, toward the ocean, is a light-industrial district.
 Salt Lake and Aliamanu are (mostly) residential areas built in extinct tuff cones along the
western end of the Honolulu District, not far from the Honolulu International Airport.
 Moanalua is two neighborhoods and a valley at the western end of Honolulu, and home
to Tripler Army Medical Center.
Climate[edit]
Honolulu experiences a tropical savannah climate (Köppen classification As), with a mostly dry
summer season, due to a rain shadow effect.
[24]
Temperatures vary little throughout the months, with
average high temperatures of 80–90 °F (27–32 °C) and average lows of 65–75 °F (18–24 °C)
throughout the year. Temperatures reach or exceed 90 °F (32 °C) on an average 38 days
annually,
[25]
with lows in the upper 50s °F (14–15 °C) occurring once or twice a year. The highest
recorded temperature was 95 °F (35 °C) during a heat wave in September 1998. The highest
recorded temperature in the state was also recorded later that day in Ni'ihau. The lowest recorded
temperature was 52 °F (11 °C) on February 16, 1902, and January 20, 1969.
Annual average rainfall is 17.05 in (433 mm), which mainly occurs during the winter months of
October through early April, with very little rainfall during the summer. Honolulu has an average of
278 sunny days and 90 wet days per year. Although Honolulu is known to have a wet and dry
season, it is unnoticeable. This is mainly because light showers fall in the summer while heavier rain
falls during the winter. Yet, both seasons experience the same number of rainy days.
Although the city is situated in the tropics, hurricanes are quite rare. The last recorded hurricane that
hit the area was Category 4 Hurricane Iniki in 1992. Tornadoes are also uncommon and usually
strike once every 15 years. Waterspouts off the coast are also uncommon, hitting about once every
five years.
[26]


Honolulu falls under the USDA 12a Plant Hardiness zone.
[27]


[show]Climate data for Honolulu (Honolulu International Airport), 1981−2010 normals, extremes 1877−present
[b]

Average Sea Temperature
[30]

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
77 °F
(25 °C)
77 °F
(25 °C)
77 °F
(25 °C)
77 °F
(25 °C)
77 °F
(25 °C)
78.7 °F
(25.9 °C)
80 °F
(27 °C)
80 °F
(27 °C)
82 °F
(28 °C)
82 °F
(28 °C)
80 °F
(27 °C)
78 °F
(26 °C)

Panorama of Honolulu's waterfront in February 2007.
Demographics[edit]
Historical population
Census Pop.


1890 22,907


1900 39,306

71.6%
1910 52,183

32.8%
1920 83,327

59.7%
1930 137,582

65.1%
1940 179,326

30.3%
1950 248,034

38.3%
1960 294,194

18.6%
1970 324,871

10.4%
1980 365,048

12.4%
1990 365,272

0.1%
2000 371,657

1.7%
2010 390,738

5.1%
Population 1890–2010.
[9][31]


The Hawaii State Capitol

DFS Galleria in Waikīkī
The population of Honolulu was 390,738 according to the 2010 U.S. Census. Of those, 192,781
(49.3%) were male and 197,957 (50.7%) were female. The median age for males was 40.0 and 43.0
for females; the overall median age was 41.3. Approximately 84.7% of the total population was 16
years and over; 82.6% were 18 years and over, 78.8% were 21 years and over, 21.4% were 62
years and over, and 17.8% were 65 years and over.
[9]

In terms of race and ethnicity, 54.8% were Asian, 17.9% were White, 1.5% were Black or African
American, 0.2% were American Indian or Alaska Native, 8.4% were Native Hawaiian and Other
Pacific Islander, 0.8% were from "some other race", and 16.3% were from two or more races.
Hispanics and Latinos of any race made up 5.4% of the population.
[9]
In 1970, the Census Bureau
reported Honolulu's population as 33.9% white and 53.7% Asian and Pacific Islander.
[32]

Asian Americans represent the majority of Honolulu's population. The Asian ethnic groups are
Japanese (19.9%), Filipinos (13.2%), Chinese (10.4%), Koreans (4.3%), Vietnamese (2.0%), Asian
Indians (0.3%), Laotians (0.3%), Thais (0.2%), Cambodians (0.1%), and Indonesians (0.1%). People
solely of Native Hawaiian ancestry made up 3.2% of the population. Samoan Americans made up
1.5% of the population, Marshallese people make up 0.5% of the city's population, and Tongan
people comprise 0.3% of its population. People of Guamanian or Chamorro descent made up 0.2%
of the population and numbered 841 residents.
[9]

Economy[edit]

Honolulu viewed from Diamond Head crater.
The largest city and airport in the Hawaiian Islands, Honolulu acts as a natural gateway to the
islands' large tourism industry, which brings millions of visitors and contributes $10 billion annually to
the local economy. Honolulu's location in the Pacific also makes it a large business and trading hub,
particularly between the East and the West. Other important aspects of the city's economy include
military defense, research and development, and manufacturing.
[33]

Among the companies based in Honolulu are:
 Alexander & Baldwin
 Bank of Hawaii
 Central Pacific Bank
 First Hawaiian Bank
 Hawaii Medical Service Association
 Hawaii Pacific Health
 Hawaiian Electric Industries
 Matson Navigation Company
 The Queen's Health Systems
Hawaiian Airlines,
[34]
Island Air,
[35]
and Aloha Air Cargo are headquartered in the city.
[36][37]
Prior to its
dissolution, Aloha Airlineswas headquartered in the city.
[38]
At one time Mid-Pacific Airlines had its
headquarters on the property of Honolulu International Airport.
[39]

In 2009, Honolulu had a 4.5% increase in the average price of rent, maintaining it in the second most
expensive rental market ranking among 210 U.S. metropolitan areas.
[40]

Since no national bank chains have any branches in Hawaii, many visitors and new residents use
different banks. First Hawaiian Bank is the largest and oldest bank in Hawaii and their headquarters
are at the First Hawaiian Center, the tallest building in the State of Hawaii.
Cultural institutions[edit]

With symbolic native-styled architectural features, First Hawaiian Center is the tallest building in Hawaii and home to
a Contemporary Museumgallery
Natural museums[edit]
The Bishop Museum is the largest of Honolulu's museums. It is endowed with the state's largest
collection of natural history specimens and the world's largest collection of Hawaiiana and Pacific
culture artifacts.
[41]
The Honolulu Zoo is the main zoological institution in Hawaii while the Waikiki
Aquarium is a workingmarine biology laboratory. The Waikiki Aquarium is partnered with
the University of Hawaii and other universities worldwide. Established for appreciation andbotany,
Honolulu is home to several gardens: Foster Botanical Garden, Liliʻuokalani Botanical
Garden, Walker Estate, among others.
Performing arts[edit]
Established in 1900, the Honolulu Symphony is the oldest US symphony orchestra west of the
Rocky Mountains. Other classical music ensembles include theHawaii Opera Theatre. Honolulu is
also a center for Hawaiian music. The main music venues include the Hawaii Theatre, the Neal
Blaisdell Center Concert Hall and Arena, and the Waikiki Shell.
Honolulu also includes several venues for live theater, including the Diamond Head Theatre.
Visual arts[edit]
Various institutions for the visual arts are located in Honolulu.
The Honolulu Museum of Art is endowed with the largest collection of Asian and Western art in
Hawaii. It also has the largest collection of Islamic art, housed at the Shangri La estate. The
museum hosts a film and video program dedicated to arthouse and world cinema in the museum's
Doris Duke Theatre, named for the museum's historic patroness Doris Duke.
[citation needed]

The Contemporary Museum is the only contemporary art museum in the state. It has two locations:
main campus in Makiki and a multi-level gallery in downtown Honolulu at the First Hawaiian Center.
The Hawaii State Art Museum (also downtown) boasts pieces by local artists as well as
traditional Hawaiian art. The museum is administered by the Hawaii State Foundation on Culture
and the Arts.
Honolulu also annually holds the Hawaii International Film Festival (HIFF). It showcases some of the
best films from producers all across the Pacific Rim and is the largest "East meets West" style film
festival of its sort in the United States.
Tourist attractions[edit]

Diamond Head viewed from Round Top Drive
 Ala Moana Center
 Aloha Tower
 Bishop Museum
 Diamond Head
 Hanauma Bay
 Honolulu Museum of Art
 Honolulu Zoo
 ʻIolani Palace
 Lyon Arboretum
 National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific
 USS Arizona Memorial
 Waikiki Aquarium
 Waikiki Beach
 Waikiki Trolley
Sports[edit]
Honolulu's climate lends itself to year-round activities. In 2004, Men's Fitness magazine named
Honolulu the fittest city in the United States.
[42]
Honolulu has three large road races:
 The Great Aloha Run is held annually on Presidents' Day.
 The Honolulu Marathon, held annually on the second Sunday in December, draws more than
20,000 participants each year, about half to two thirds of them from Japan.
 The Honolulu Triathlon is an Olympic distance triathlon event governed by USA Triathlon. Held
annually in May since 2004, there is an absence of a sprint course.
Ironman Hawaii was first held in Honolulu, it was the first ever Ironman and is also the World
Champs.
Fans of spectator sports in Honolulu generally support the football, volleyball, basketball, rugby
union, rugby league and baseball programs of the University of Hawaii at Manoa.
[43]
High school
sporting events, especially football, are especially popular.
Honolulu has no professional sports teams. It was the home of the Hawaii Islanders (Pacific Coast
League, 1961–1987), The Hawaiians (World Football League, 1974–1975), Team Hawaii(North
American Soccer League, 1977), and the Hawaiian Islanders (af2, 2002–2004).
The NCAA football Hawaii Bowl is played in Honolulu. Honolulu has also hosted the NFL's
annual Pro Bowl each February since 1980, though the 2010 Pro Bowl was played in Miami.
[44]
In
2011, the 2011 Pro Bowl returned once again to Honolulu. From 1993 to 2008, Honolulu
hosted Hawaii Winter Baseball, featuring minor league players from Major League Baseball, Nippon
Professional Baseball, Korea Baseball Organization, and independent leagues.
Venues[edit]
Venues for spectator sports in Honolulu include:
 Les Murakami Stadium at UH-Manoa (baseball)
 Neal Blaisdell Center Arena (basketball)
 Stan Sheriff Center at UH-Manoa (basketball and volleyball)
Aloha Stadium, a venue for American football and soccer, is located in Halawa near Pearl Harbor,
just outside Honolulu.
[45]

Government[edit]

Completed in 1928, Honolulu Haleis the city and county seat
Kirk Caldwell was elected mayor of Honolulu County on November 6, 2012, and has begun serving
as the county's 14th mayor on January 2, 2013. The municipal offices of the City and County of
Honolulu, including Honolulu Hale, the seat of the city and county, are located in the Capitol District,
as are the Hawaii state government buildings.
[46]

The Capitol District is within the Honolulu census county division (CCD), the urban area commonly
regarded as the "City" of Honolulu. The Honolulu CCD is located on the southeast coast of Oahu
between Makapuu and Halawa. The division boundary follows the Koolau crestline, so Makapuʻu
Beach is in the Koolaupoko District. On the west, the division boundary follows Halawa Stream, then
crosses Red Hill and runs just west of Aliamanu Crater, so that Aloha Stadium, Pearl Harbor (with
the USS Arizona Memorial), and Hickam Air Force Base are actually all located in the island's Ewa
CCD.
[47]

The Hawaii Department of Public Safety operates the Oahu Community Correctional Center, the jail
for the island of Oahu, in Honolulu CCD.
[48]

The United States Postal Service operates post offices in Honolulu. The main Honolulu Post Office
is located by the international airport at 3600 Aolele Street.
[49]
Federal Detention Center, Honolulu,
operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, is in the CDP.
[50]

Diplomatic missions on the island[edit]
Several countries have diplomatic facilities in Honolulu, due to its strategically important position in
the mid-Pacific. They include consulates of Japan,
[51]
South Korea,
[52]
Philippines,
[53]
Federated States
of Micronesia,
[54]
Australia,
[55]
and the Marshall Islands.
[56]

Education[edit]
Colleges and universities[edit]
See also: List of colleges and universities in Hawaii
Colleges and universities in Honolulu include Honolulu Community College, Kapiolani Community
College, the University of Hawaii at Manoa, Chaminade University, and Hawaii Pacific
University.
[37]
UH Manoa houses the main offices of the University of Hawaii System.
[57]

Public primary and secondary schools[edit]
Hawaii Department of Education operates public schools in Honolulu. Public high schools within the
CDP area include Wallace Rider Farrington, Kaiser, Kaimuki, Kalani, Moanalua, William McKinley,
and Theodore Roosevelt.
[37]

Private primary and secondary schools[edit]
Private schools include Academy of the Pacific, Damien Memorial School, Hawaii Baptist
Academy, Iolani School, Kamehameha Schools, Maryknoll School, Mid-Pacific Institute, La
Pietra,Punahou School, Sacred Hearts Academy, St. Andrew's Priory School, Saint Francis
School, Saint Louis School, the Education Laboratory School, Saint Patrick School, Trinity Christian
School, and Varsity International School.
Public libraries[edit]
Hawaii State Public Library System operates public libraries. The Hawaii State Library in the CDP
serves as the main library of the system,
[58]
while the Library for the Blind and Physically
Handicapped, also in the CDP area, serves handicapped and blind people.
[59]

Branches in the CDP area include Aiea, Aina Haina, Ewa Beach, Hawaii Kai, Kahuku, Kailua,
Kaimuki, Kalihi-Palama, Kaneohe, Kapolei, Liliha, Manoa, McCully-Moiliili, Mililani, Moanalua,
Wahiawa, Waialua, Waianae, Waikiki-Kapahulu, Waimanalo, and Waipahu.
[60]

Media[edit]
Main article: Media in Honolulu, Hawaii
Honolulu is served by one daily newspaper (the Honolulu Star-Advertiser), Honolulu Magazine,
several radio stations and television stations, among other media. Local news agency and CNN-
affiliate Hawaii News Now broadcasts and is headquartered out of Honolulu.
Honolulu and the island of Oahu has also been the location for many film and television projects,
including Hawaii Five-0 and Lost.
Transportation[edit]
Air[edit]

Honolulu International Airport old control tower

8R "Reef Runway" of Honolulu International Airport

Aerial view of H-1 (looking east) from Honolulu Airport heading into downtown Honolulu
Located at the western end of the CDP, Honolulu International Airport (HNL) is the principal aviation
gateway to the state of Hawaii. Kalaeloa Airport is primarily a commuter facility used by unscheduled
air taxis, general aviation and transient and locally based military aircraft.
Highways[edit]
Honolulu has been ranked as having the nation’s worst traffic congestion, beating former record
holder Los Angeles. Drivers waste on average over 58 hours per year on congested
roadways.
[61]
The following freeways, part of the Interstate Highway System serve Honolulu:
 Interstate H-1, which, coming into the city from the west, passes Hickam Air Force
Base and Honolulu International Airport, runs just north of Downtown and continues eastward
through Makiki and Kaimuki, ending at Waialae/Kahala. H-1 connects to Interstate H-
2 from Wahiawa andInterstate H-3 from Kaneohe, west of the CDP.
 Interstate H-201—also known as the Moanalua Freeway and sometimes numbered as its
former number, Hawaii State Rte. 78—connects two points along H-1: at Aloha
Stadium and Fort Shafter. Close to H-1 and Aloha Stadium, H-201 has an exchange with the
western terminus ofInterstate H-3 to the windward side of Oahu (Kaneohe). This complex of
connecting ramps, some directly between H-1 and H-3, is in Halawa.
 H2 - connects H1 with the Mililani area in the center of the island.
 H3 - connects H1 with the Kaneohe (windward) side of the island.
Other major highways that link Honolulu proper with other parts of the Island of Oahu are:
 Pali Highway, State Rte. 61, crosses north over the Koolau range via the Pali Tunnels to
connect to Kailua and Kaneohe on the windward side of the Island.
 Likelike Highway, State Rte. 63, also crosses the Koolau to Kaneohe via the Wilson Tunnels.
 Kalanianaole Highway, State Rte. 72, runs eastward from Waialae/Kahala to Hawaii Kai and
around the east end of the island to Waimanalo Beach.
 Kamehameha Highway, State Rts. 80, 83, 99 and 830, runs westward from near Hickam Air
Force Base to Aiea and beyond, eventually running through the center of the island and ending
in Kaneohe.
Like most major American cities, the Honolulu metropolitan area experiences heavy traffic
congestion during rush hours, especially to and from the western suburbs of Kapolei, 'Ewa
Beach, Aiea, Pearl City, Waipahu, and Mililani.
There is a Hawaii Electric Vehicle Demonstration Project (HEVDP).
[62]

Public transport[edit]
Honolulu Authority for Rapid Transportation[edit]
In November 2010, voters approved a charter amendment to create a public transit authority to
oversee the planning, construction, operation and future extensions to Honolulu's future rail system
(see below). Operations began on July 1, 2011. The Honolulu Authority for Rapid Transportation
(HART) currently includes a 10-member board of directors; three members appointed by the mayor,
three members selected by the Honolulu City Council, and the city and state transportation
directors.
[63]

Bus[edit]
Main article: TheBus (Honolulu)
Established by former Mayor Frank F. Fasi as the replacement for the Honolulu Rapid Transit
Company (HRT), Honolulu's TheBus system has been twice honored by the American Public
Transportation Association bestowing the title of "America's Best Transit System" for 1994–1995 and
2000–2001. TheBus operates 107 routes serving Honolulu and most major cities and towns on
Oahu. TheBus comprises a fleet of 531 buses, and is run by the non-profit corporation Oahu Transit
Services in conjunction with the city Department of Transportation Services. Honolulu is ranked 4th
for highest per-capita use of mass transit in the United States.
[64]

Rail[edit]
Main article: Honolulu High-Capacity Transit Corridor Project
Currently, there is no urban rail transit system in Honolulu, although electric street railways were
operated in Honolulu by the now-defunct Honolulu Rapid Transit Company prior to World War II.
Predecessors to the Honolulu Rapid Transit Company were the Honolulu Rapid Transit and Land
Company (began 1903) and Hawaiian Tramways (began 1888).
[65]

The City and County of Honolulu is currently constructing a 20-mile (32 km) rail transit line that will
connect Honolulu with cities and suburban areas near Pearl Harbor and in the Leeward and West
Oahu regions. The Honolulu High-Capacity Transit Corridor Project is aimed at alleviating traffic
congestion for West Oahu commuters while being integral in the westward expansion of the
metropolitan area. The project, however, has been criticized by opponents of rail for its cost, delays,
and potential environmental impacts, but the line is expected to have large ridership.
Notable people[edit]
The following are notable people who were born in Honolulu, and/or current and former residents of
Honolulu:
 Neil Abercrombie, 7th and current Governor of Hawaii
[66]

 Daniel Akaka, United States Senator, first Native Hawaiian senator in the United States
[67]

 David Amerson, football player, North Carolina State and Washington Redskins cornerback
 Judi Andersen, Miss Hawaii USA 1978, Miss USA 1978
 George Ariyoshi, 3rd Governor of Hawaii, the first Asian American governor in the United
States
[68]

 Sarah Wayne Callies, actress
[69]

 Tia Carrere, singer, actress
[70]

 Byron Chamberlain, former football player in the National Football League
[71]

 Mark Dacascos, actor, martial artist
[72]

 Ron Darling, baseball pitcher, broadcaster
[73]

 Lauren Graham, actress and producer
[74]

 Kelly Hu, Miss Hawaii Teen USA 1985, Miss Teen USA 1985
 Melody Miyuki Ishikawa, singer
[citation needed]

 Nicole Kidman, actress
[75]

 Daniel Dae Kim, actor
[76]

 Darren Kimura, businessman, founder of Sopogy
 Lois Lowry, author
[77]

 Bruno Mars, singer and songwriter
[78]

 Glenn Medeiros, singer-songwriter
 Bette Midler, singer and actress
[79]

 Jason Momoa actor, director, model
 Barack Obama, 44th and current President of the United States
[80]
(2009–present)
 Timothy Olyphant, actor
[81]

 Pierre Omidyar, eBay, creator and founder
[82]

 Janel Parrish, actress (plays Mona in Pretty Little Liars), musician, and model
[citation needed]

 B.J. Penn, UFC lightweight and welterweight champion
 Kyla Ross, Olympic gold medalist gymnast and member of the Fierce Five
[citation needed]

 Hironobu Sakaguchi, video game director, writer and producer
[83]

 Nicole Scherzinger, singer, dancer, model
[84]

 Jake Shimabukuro, ukulele virtuoso
[85]

 Thomas Tamas, sport shooter
[86]

 Manti Teʻo, football player for Notre Dame and San Diego Chargers
[citation needed]

 Macel Wilson, Miss Hawaii USA 1962, Miss USA 1962
 Tanya Wilson, Miss Hawaii USA 1972, Miss USA 1972
 Milt Wilcox, MLB pitcher for Detroit Tigers
Deceased[edit]
 Bernice Pauahi Bishop, Hawaiian princess, philanthropist, aliʻi, and Kamehameha descendant
[87]

 Charles Reed Bishop businessman, philanthropist, founder of the Bishop Museum
[88]

 John A. Burns, 2nd Governor of Hawaii
[89]

 Alexander Cartwright, "Father of Baseball"
[90]

 Joseph Campbell, writer, lecturer
[91]

 James Dole, developer of the Pineapple industry in Hawaii, namesake of the Dole Food
Company
[92]

 Sanford B. Dole, lawyer, jurist, the President of the Republic of Hawaii, and the 1st Territorial
Governor of Hawaii
[93]

 Amelia Earhart, American aviation pioneer and author
[94]

 Hiram Fong, United States Senator, namesake of the Senator Fong's Plantation & Gardens
in Kaneohe
[95]

 Willi Hennig, biologist
[citation needed]

 Don Ho, popular singer
 Daniel Inouye, Medal of Honor recipient, United States Senator, President pro tempore
[96]

 Duke Kahanamoku, Olympic gold medalist, surfer, actor
[97]

 Princess Kaʻiulani, crown princess, heir to the throne of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi
[98]

 King Kalakaua, last reigning king of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi
[99]

 Israel "Iz" Kaʻanoʻi Kamakawiwoʻole, Hawaiian musician
[100]

 Queen Liliuokalani, last reigning Queen of the Hawaiian Islands
[101]

 King Lunalilo, King to the Kingdom of Hawaii
[102]

 Ferdinand Marcos, former President of the Philippines
[103]

 Megan McClung, first female United States Marine Corps officer killed in combat during the Iraq
War
[104]

 Ed Parker, martial artist, author
[105]

 Syngman Rhee, 1st President of South Korea
[106]

 Robert Louis Stevenson, novelist, poet, essayist and travel writer
[107]

 Sun Yat-sen, "Father of the Nation" of the Republic of China, and the "forerunner of democratic
revolution" in the People's Republic of China
[108]

 Donald Sur, composer and musicologist
 Lorrin A. Thurston lawyer, politician in Honolulu early 1900s
[109]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]
See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Hawaii
Honolulu is twinned with:
[110]

 Baguio, Philippines
 Baku, Azerbaijan
 Bruyères, France
 Caracas, Venezuela
 Cebu City, Philippines
 Funchal, Portugal
 Hainan, People's Republic of China
 Hiroshima, Japan
 Huế, Vietnam
 Incheon, South Korea
 Kaohsiung, Taiwan (Republic of China)
 Laoag, Philippines
 Manila, Philippines
 Mombasa, Kenya
 Mumbai, India
 Naha, Japan
 Rabat, Morocco
 San Juan, Puerto Rico
 Seoul, South Korea
[111][112]

 Sintra, Portugal
 Tokyo, Japan
 Qinhuangdao, People's Republic of China
 Uwajima, Japan
 Majuro, Marshall Islands  Vigan, Philippines
 Zhongshan, People's Republic of China
See also[edit]
 List of cities with the most high-rise buildings
 List of tallest buildings in Honolulu
 Geography portal

 North America portal

 United States portal

 Hawai'i portal

Notes[edit]
1. Jump up^ For statistical purposes, the US Census Bureau considers Honolulu to be a Census-
designated place (CDP), rather than a city.
[7]

2. Jump up^ Official records for Honolulu have been kept at downtown from February 1877 to
September 1949, and at Honolulu Int'l since October 1949. For more information, see ThreadEx
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External links[edit]
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