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Indoor Air Microorganisms (Chriss)Lopo

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Content

INTRODUCTION TO OCC. HEALTH. 

HAZARDOUS INDOOR MICROORGANISMS

PRESENTERS: 

NDENGA, Christian Japhet

Contents 

Description of mold/Fungi and Bacteria.



Acceptable level of Mold/Fungi and Bacteria.



Measurements of indoor Mold/Fungi and Bacteria.



How to improve indoor environment.



References.

Description of Mold 









Molds are part of the natural environment. They are microscopic fungi that can be found indoor or outdoors throughout the year. Few have a chemical makeup that can cause allergic reactions in sensitive individuals. Molds play an important role in breaking down organic matter such as fallen leaves or toppled trees. Molds can become a serious problem when they grow inside your home or inside buildings. Molds may grow practically everywhere because they adapt to many environments and reproduce rapidly. Molds grow on wood, paper, carpet, foods, insulation, and a variety of  other surfaces. Some molds grow and live on the dust and dirt that gathers in the moist regions of your home. Molds need only a source of  food, moisture, and the right temperature to grow.

Description of Mold/Fungi. Molds and other allergens The biological chemicals can arise from a host of  means, but there are two common classes: (a) moisture induced growth of mold colonies (b) natural substances released into the air such as animal dander and plant pollen The primary hazard of mold growth, as it relates to indoor air quality, comes from the allergenic properties of the spore cell wall. More serious than most allergenic properties is the ability of mold to trigger episodes in persons that already have asthma, a serious respiratory disease. 





Acceptable level of Fungi/Mold 

Rao, et al. (1996) recently found that existing quantitative standards and guidelines for total fungi in indoor air range from <100 CFU/m3 to >1000 CFU/m3 as the upper limit for noncontaminated indoor environments, based primarily on baseline data rather than health effects information.

References  







www.mycolog.com © Mycologue Publications 1998. ^ "Bacteria (eubacteria)". T a xonomy Br ow ser . NCBI. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Browser/wwwtax.cgi?mode=Und ef&id=2&lvl=3&lin=f&keep=1&srchmode=1&unlock. Retrieved 2008-0910. ^ Fredrickson JK, Zachara JM, Balkwill DL, et al. (July 2004). "Geomicrobiology of high-level nuclear waste-contaminated vadose sediments at the Hanford site, Washington state". A pplied and  Envir onmental Micr obi ol ogy 70 (7): 423041. doi:10.1128/AEM.70.7.42304241.2004. PMID 15240306. ^ a b Whitman WB, Coleman DC, Wiebe WJ (June 1998). "Prokaryotes: the   ceedings o f t he Nati onal Academy o f Sciences o f t he unseen majority". P ro United States o f America 95 (12): 657883. doi:10.1073/pnas.95.12.6578. PMID 9618454. ^ a b Rappé MS, Giovannoni SJ (2003). "The uncultured microbial majority". Annual Revie w o f Micr obi ol ogy 57: 36994. doi:10.1146/annurev.micro.57.030502.090759 . PMID 14527284.

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