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Kehila Issue 1 Official Online Version

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‫ת ובא ו‬

AYYD 3=6>"?=>1

Dgxfbcfs 3?=?

Zf`igbf ug gvs Igbbvdauq

‫ת ובא ו‬Lfna`m Ayyvf Dg$= Dgxfbcfs 3?=?'6::= Feaugs ( _vc`aynfs; Um`aynm M$ Nmssaygd _vc`aynfe Cq; Um`aynm M$ Nmssaygd _$G$ Cg~ 63?913 @gdjzgge, [email protected] 93:63 .5?:! 9>>">3=8 _sadufe cq; Um`aynm Nmssaygd Feaugs; Um`aynm Nmssaygd Efyajd; Um`aynm Nmssaygd Igxfs _ngug; _ngugjsmpn igvsufyq gh Msuayu Ymcadm Ymme, Ig`gs Egfyd‑u Bmuufs Qgv msf M`zmqy m Kfz Eam`gjvf zaun m Yqbcg` Ig``fiuagd$

[email protected] ay m bgdun`q bmjm{adf unmu jaxfy m xgaif ug Kfzy gh Ig`gs zna`f fevimuadj mde adhgsbadj unf Kfzayn mde dgd"Kfzayn igbbvdauq my m zng`f ¡ Um`aynm Nmssaygd 3?=? _sadufe ad unf VYM, m`` sajnuy sfyfsxfe$ [email protected] zf`igbfy igbbfduy hsgb gvs sfmefsy$ _`fmyf yfde igbbfduy ug; Fbma`; Lfna`m39Oqmngg$igb

3

Umc`f gh Igdufduy

5 Hsgb unf Feaugs‑y efyl

3= Ypgu`ajnu; Smcca Msqfn Lmp`md

Ypfiam` Hfmuvsf

39 Eayivyyagd Yfsafy; Bmabgdaefy =9 _sadiap`fy

6 Igbbvdauq;"Kfzy gh Ig`gs

Iv`uvsf

Inma"@ahf

36 If`fcsmuf unf M``"Mbfsaimd hsfyy

1 M uzg"qfms zfajnu `gyy yuveq nf`e ad

hfyuaxm` zaun Kfzayn h`mas mde isfmuf m ypfiam` lgynfs Unmdlyjaxadj f~pfsafdif Aysmf` sfxfm`y unmu eafufsy zng igdyvbf hgs qgvs hmba`q ( hsafdey zaun unfyf ba`l `gyf bgsf zfajnu gd mxfsmjf unmd ef`aiagvy sfiapfy$

ungyf zng egd*u$

9? Ngz ug Jfu I`gunfy mu Sfm` Cmsjmad _saify

== KgiH`gil; Unf hasyu gd`adf emuadj yauf hgs Kfzy gh Ig`gs

93 _vdl Kfzy; Unf Bgxfbfdu, Unf _fgp`f, Unf Egivbfdumsq

Znmu*y Jgadj Gd7

99 Msuayu Ypgu`ajnu; Ymcsadm Ymme

=9 Ad unf Dfzy

Igbbvdauq Nmppfdadjy

=1 Ngu Ugpai; F~guai @ggladj A mb Dgu; Znq msf Kfzy gh Ig`gs igdyaefsfe ‐f~guai‒7

95 Sfygvsify 96 Vpigbadj Fxfduy

Ypasauvm`auq

98 Mddgvdifbfduy

9

Hsgb unf Feaugs*y Efyl

Zf`igbf ug Gvs IgbbvdauqYnm`gb, mde zf`igbf ug gvs igbbvdauq- ‐Lfna`m‒ ad Nfcsfz bfmdy igbbvdauq, mde unay bmjm{adf ay ypfiahaim``q hgs Kfzy gh Ig`gs$ Zf msf m badgsauq zaunad m badgsauq zngyf igbbvdauq ay jsgzadj mde dffey bgsf gvu`fuy ad unf Kfzayn mde dgd"Kfzayn zgs`e ug f~psfyy, ynmsf, fevimuf, eayivyy, efcmuf, mde xgaif unf bmdq gpadagdy, ugpaiy, mde ayyvfy unmu msf abpgsumdu ug vy$ A ngpf unmu unay bmjm{adf za`` cf yvin md gvu`fu$

My m Kfz gh ig`gs mde m zsaufs, A zmy `ggladj hgs m zmq ug nf`p csfml egzd unf cmssafsy unmu zf hmif my zf`` my nmxf m p`mif znfsf Kfzy gh ig`gs igv`e f~psfyy unfbyf`xfy hsff`q$ Lfna`m ay gdf gh unfyf p`mify$ Zna`f unay bmjm{adf ay jfmsfe ugzmse m umsjfu mveafdif"Kfzy gh ig`gs"fxfsqgdf ay zf`igbf ug pmsuaiapmuf ad unf jsgzu unay bmjm{adf- Unmu*y sajnu, A dffe qgvs nf`p ug bmlf unay bmjm{adf jsgz mde cf m xga unf Kfz gh ig`gs igbbvdauq, unf Kfzayn igbbvdauq mde cfqgde$

Unay ay unf hasyu gh znmu A ngpf ug cf bmdq ayyvfy$ Unf unfbf hgs unay hasyu ayyvf ay ‐Igbbvdauq$‒ _`fmyf umlf m `ggl mde sfme unsgvjn unf bmjm{adf mcgvu unf bmdq mypfiuy unmu mhhfiu unf Kfzy gh ig`gs igbbvdauq$ Znfd qgv*sf egdf sfmeadj p`fmyf umlf uabf ug igdumiu bf mde jaxf bf hffecmil gd unf xmsagvy yfiuagdy gh unf bmjm{adf$

Uf`` bf znmu qgv eg mde egd*u `alf mde `fu bf ldgz znmu A imd eg ug abpsgxf unf bmjm{ yg au imd cf mu auy cfyu$ M`yg `fu bf ldgz znmu qgv zgv`e `alf ug yff ad hvuvsf ayyvfy gh bmjm{adf$ Mu unay bgbfdu, A mb unf gd`q bfbcfs gh unf Lfna``m bmjm{adf yumhh$ Ad unf A ngpf ug nmxf bgsf pfgp`f gd unf Lfna`m yumhh$ Ah qgv*sf adufsfyufe p`fmyf `fu bf ldgz- U bgsf nf`p A nmxf ug isfmuf unay bmjm{adf, unf cfuufsMy fxfsqgdf ldgzy, zf*sf ad m cme figdgbq$ A mb ivssfdu`q isfmuadj unay bmjm{adf zaun `abaufe sfygvsify$ Ah qgv zgv`e `alf ug igdusacvuf ug unay bmjm{adf bgbfdumsa`q gs cq msuai`fy, gs umladj paiuvsfy, nf`padj ug isfmuf unf bmjm{adf zfcyauf, fui$ au zgv`e cf mppsfiamufe$ Zf`` A ngpf qgv fdkgq unay ayyvf gh unf bmjm{adf mde unfsf za`` cf bgsf ug igbf A ngpf$ Unmdl qgv$ Um`a Meadm

5

Ypfiam` Hfmuvsf

Igbbvdauq"Kfzy gh Ig`gs Zsauufd cq Um`aynm Nmssaygd .unay zmy hasyu psadufe gd 5KfzyGd`q$igb!

Au‑y m ig`e Ynmccmu fxfdadj$ A nme kvyu jguufd ghh unf p`mdf mde zmy zm`ladj unsgvjn un Maspgsu zaun bq Umj`au Casunsajnu Aysmf` jsgvp ugzmsey ivyugby mde cmjjmjf i`mab$ A‑b uasfe my zf nme kvyu igbp`fufe m =? ngvs h`ajnu hsgb KHL maspgsu ug Uvslfq mde dgz Uf`"Mxax$ Cvu A‑b m`y zaun f~iaufbfdu cfimvyf unay ay bq hasyu usap ug Aysmf`$ My zf yusg`` m`gdj ug gvs efyuadm unf jvqy ad unf jsgvp igbfy sajnu vp ug bf$ A‑b unadladj ‐Gn nf‑y jgadj ug adusgevif nabyf`h$ B nf‑y gdf gh unf pfgp`f ad unf jsgvp unmu A nme um`lfe ug gd Hmifcggl cfhgsf unf usap$‒ Zsgdj znmu igbfy gvu gh nay bgvun; ‐Nfq Um`a, ay qgvs bgunfs znauf7‒ A‑b umlfd mcmil cq unay gh igvsyf mde A sfp`q, ‐Dg$ Ynf‑y c`mil$‒ Nf ymqy, ‐Nvn, A‑xf dfxfs gh unmu cfhgsf$‒

Mde cfhgsf A imd fxfd sfypgde ug ivsyf nab gvu, nf‑y ghh mnfme gh bf um`ladj ug unf gunfs pfg unf jsgvp$ Unmu‑y unf hasyu mde `myu unadj .my nf dfxfs ypglf ug bf mjmad! nf ymqy ug bf$ Dg ‐Nfq bq dmbf ay Kfsfbq zf um`lfe gd Hmifcggl, au‑y daif ug bffu qgv,‒ dgpf, dgdf gh unmu$ Unsgvjngvu zng`f usap unfyf msf unf }vfyuagdy unmu A‑b mylfe cq ygbf gh unf pfgp`f ad unf jsgvp; ‐Yg ngz qgv Kfzayn7‒ mde ‐Ay qgvs hmba`q Funagpamd7‒ Cfadj gdf gh unf uzg gd`q KGI ad unf jsgvp 5? qgvdj Kfzayn Mbfsaimdy imd bmlf qgvs hasyu usap ug Aysmf` dgu my hvd my qgv zgv`e gh znmu‑y m KGI7 M KGI ay m Kfz gh Ig`gs mde unfsf msf bmdq gh vy msgvde unf zgs`e cvu m`yg nfsf ad unf VYM$

Hgs ungyf gh qgv zng msfd‑u ad unf ldgz, Kfzy igbf ad m xmsafuq gh ynmpfy, ya{fy, mde ig`gs$ pfgp`f znfunfs unfq‑sf Kfzayn gs dgu unadl unmu Kfzy msf gd`q znauf Mbfsaimdy gs Fvsgpfmdy znai ayd‑u usvf mu m``$ Cf‑ing` @myngd‑y .Ad fxfsq ugdjvf! zfcyauf .nuup;''zzz$cfing``myngd$gsj'pgpv`muagd'dgsunWmbfsaim'dmWig`gs$pnp! yumufy unmu mu unmu‑y =$3 ba``agd"gh unf Kfzayn pgpv`muagd ad Dgsun Mbfsaim ay smiam``q mde fundaim``q eaxfsyf mde unmu au adi`vefy Mhsaimd, Mhsaimd"Mbfsaimd, @muadg .Naypmdai!, Myamd, D$ Mbfsaimd, mde ba~fe"smif Kfzy$ Mde m`` gh unfyf jsgvpy gh pfgp`f msf Kfzy unsgvjn igdxfsyagd, megpu bmssamjf, mde nfsaumjf$

Unfsf msf Kfzy gh ig`gs zngyf hmba`afy nmxf cffd Kfzayn hgs jfdfsmuagdy$ Md f~mbp`f zgv`e BmDaynumdm" zngyf pgpv`ms c`gj mde xaefgy nmxf bmef nab zf``"ldgzd ad unf Kfzayn igbbvd mde cfqgde"zng ay m 6un jfdfsmuagd Gsungeg~ Mhsaimd"Mbfsaimd Kfz mde imd usmif nay nfs ug unf =>??‑y$ Mdgunfs ay Qmxa`mn BiIgq"hgvdefs gh Kfzy gh Ig`gs fevimuagd mde mexgimiq jsgvp Mqfinm"zngyf hmba`q m`yg nmy cffd Kfzayn yadif unf =>??‑y$

Yg, znq unf eayuadiuagd7 Znmu bmlfy vy eahhfsfdu hsgb gvs znauf igvdufspmsuy7 Zf`` dgunad fxfsqunadj$ Zf‑sf Kfzy kvyu `alf unfb$ Zf‑sf Sfigdyusviuagdayu, Sfhgsb, Igdyfsxmuaxf, Gsungeg Nmyaeai, mde Yfiv`ms$ Zf sfme unf Ugsmn, zf jg ug unf balxfn, mde zf if`fcsmuf m`` unf Kfzay ng`aemqy, 6

Ypfiam` Hfmuvsf

muufde ynv` fui$ Unf eahhfsfdif ay gvs ylad ig`gs mde fundaiauq mde unf inm``fdjfy unmu igbf za unmu znain znauf Kfzy eg dgu nmxf ug efm` zaun$

Yg ngz imd pfgp`f vdefsyumde unf gcyumi`fy unmu Kfzy gh Ig`gs hmif7 Ug yumsu ghh, unfsf‑y md Mynlfdm{a _saxa`fjf Infil`ayu unmu nmy yumufbfduy unmu f~p`mad unf psaxa`fjfy unmu znauf M Kfzy nmxf unmu Kfzy gh Ig`gs eg dgu nmxf mde ug yngz unf eahhfsfdify cfuzffd znauf Mynlfdm{a Kfzy mde Kfzy gh Ig`gs$ M hfz gh unf yumufbfduy gd unf `ayu msf; ‐A imd zm`l adug bq ufbp`f mde hff` unmu bq ina`esfd msf yffd my Kfzayn$‒ ‐A imd zm`l adug ufbp`f zaun bq hmba`q mde dgu zgssq u za`` cf usfmufe vdlade`q$‒ _fgp`f dfxfs ymq ug bf, #Cvu qgv egd*u `ggl Kfzayn,# faunfs yfsagvy`q gs my ungvjn au zmy hvddq,‒ mde, ‐A mb dfxfs mylfe ‐ngz‒ A mb Kfzayn mu emuadj fxfduy gs gd Kfzayn zfcyaufy$‒ Unf hv`` `ayu imd cf yffd gd Kfzayn Bv`uasmiam` Dfuzgsl‑y yauf .nuup;''zzz$kfzaynbv`uasmiam`dfuzgsl$gsj'sfygvsify'fevimuagdm`'!, mde unfsf msf gunfs yaufy'c`gjy znfsf qgv imd umlf m `ggl mu au my zf``$ Cq `ggladj mu unf infil`ayu, gdf imd yff unmu uzg gh unf bmdq inm``fdjfy unmu Kfzy gh Ig`gs efm` zaun msf smiayb mde sf`muagdynapy$ _fsygdm``q, A nmxf efm`u zaun m `gu gh smiayb$ A‑xf nme gdf sfifdu f~pfsafdif znfsf A yvppgyfe ug sfdu m sggb ad unf ngbf gh md g`efs Kfzayn igvp`f zng zgv`e sfdu gvu sggby ug yuvefduy muufdeadj m vdaxfsyauq ad Inaimjg$ Mu unf `myu badvuf, unf p`mif A zmy jgadj ug cf `axadj eaed‑u zgsl gvu mde A zmy nmxadj usgvc`f hadeadj m dfz p`mif ug yumq$ Unfq ymae ‐Zf‑sf m hmba`q,‒ mde yadif unfq nme 9 gunfs yuvefduy yumqadj unfsf zng zfsf hsgb Csm{a`, Kmpmd, mde Aum`q, A ungvjnu unfsf zgv`ed‑u cf mdq psgc`fby$ Qfmn, sajnu$

Unfq eaed‑u usfmu bf my hmba`q$ Hsgb unf cfjaddadj unfq zfsf xfsq bfmd mde smiayu ugzmsey b bq bgunfs zng nme igbf ug nf`p bf jfu yfuu`fe ad$ Znfd zf mssaxfe, unf nvycmde miufe my ah nf eaed‑u zmdu bf mde bq bgb ug igbf adug unf ngvyf$ Unf sggb unmu A zmy sfduadj gvu .hgs %8?? zmy egzd ad unf cmyfbfdu znfsf nf nme m `gu gh cg~fy hv`` gh yuvhh hsgb nay g`e cvyadfyy mde sggb zmy easuq"zf nme ug zmyn unf c`mdlfuy mde pa``gzy hgs unf cfe mde i`fmd unf csglfd egzd i`gyfuy, mde unf cmunsggb nme dg yngzfs yg A zgv`e nmxf ug jg vpyumasy ug umlf gdf mde unf u gxfsh`gzfe$ Unfq zmdufe vy ug fmu yum`f g`e `fhugxfsy unfq nme ad unfas hsaejf mde unf jvq igg cvsdu pmdimlfy hgs vy, unf zahf zmdufe bf ug cf m yfsxmdu mde yfsxf hgge hgs unf Najn Ng`aemq Mhufs 9 emqy gh unay, bq bgb ( A efiaefe ug `fmxf$ Unfq eaed‑u fxfd jfu vp ug ymq jggecqf$ Unfq yumqfe ad unfas cfesggb, `fhu unf infil zaun m dguf ymqadj ug `fmxf unf lfq ug unf ngvyf gd unf u m`gdj zaun unf u"ynasu unmu A nme jaxfd ug unf nvycmde my m unmdl"qgv jahu$ Dffe`fyy ug ym ngssac`f f~pfsafdif hgs bf mde A eaed‑u yumsu yingg` cfimvyf gh au$

@alf gunfs Kfzy gh ig`gs, au‑y dgu ghufd unmu mhufs Ynmccmu yfsxaify msf gxfs, mde au‑y uabf h `vdinfgd, unmu zna`f A‑b yauuadj mde fdkgqadj m igdxfsymuagd zaun unf gunfs pfgp`f mu m umc pfsygd za`` igbf yau mu unf umc`f mde ymq; ‐Gn A‑xf dfxfs yffd qgv nfsf cfhgsf eg qgv igbf nfsf ghufd7‒ Mde qgv‑`` sfp`q ‐Qfy A‑xf cffd igbadj nfsf hgs m zna`f dgz$‒ 8

Ypfiam` Hfmuvsf Unfq sfp`q ‐Msf qgv Kfzayn7‒ ‐Qfy$‒ ‐Gn$ Yg ngz msf qgv Kfzayn7‒

Mde unfd unmu‑y znfd unf igdxfsymuagd uvsdy ygvs mde vyvm``q mu unay pgadu bq bgb za`` pfsygd ghh mde unfd zf‑`` `fmxf$ Unmu nmppfdfe m `gu ug vy ad unf pmyu, cvu dgu mdqbgsf$ A jvfyy zgse jgu msgvde unmu bq bgunfs zgv`e jaxf unfb m pafif gh nfs bade$

Dgz jsmdufe, unfsf msf ygbf pfgp`f zng msf myladj unay cfimvyf bmqcf unfq‑sf ivsagvy$ Cvu m uabfy unf pfsygd zng‑y myladj unay ay usqadj ug kvyuahq vy cfadj Kfzayn$ Au‑y `alf unfq imd‑u unfas badey mu m`` unmu m pfsygd gh ig`gs igv`e cf Kfzayn$ Au‑y abpgyyac`f- A‑xf m`yg jguu msf qgv hsgb7‒ }vfyuagd$ M `meq mu bq ynv` gdf Ynmccmu mhufsdggd mylfe bf ( bq bgb ‐Znfsf msf qgv hsgb7‒ ‐Zf‑sf hsgb nfsf$‒ ‐Cvu znfsf msf qgv hsgb7 A‑b hsgb Inaimjg$‒ ‐Zf‑sf hsgb H`gsaem$‒ ‐Glmq cvu znfsf msf qgv hsgb7 Bq hmba`q ay hsgb Inaimjg$‒ Au‑y my ungvjn zf igv`ed‑u pgyyac`q cf hsgb Mbfsaim, dg zf bvyu cf hsgb mdgunfs igvdusq$

Mdgunfs msfm gh inm``fdjf hgs Kfzy gh Ig`gs ay sf`muagdynapy$ Au‑y nmse ug emuf my au a Kfz gh Ig`gs unf yaufy unmu msf gvu unfsf msfd‑u unmu hsafde`q ug qgv mde za`` jaxf qgv m n zna`f yajdadj vp$ A nmxfd‑u f~pfsafdife unay pfsygdm``q my A nmxf dfxfs yajdfe vp hgs mdq gh unf Kfzayn emuadj yaufy gvu unfsf$ Cvu BmDaynumdm zngb A ypglf gh fms`afs nmy mde nf zsguf mcgvu au fduau`fe ‐Bq Gdf Dajnu Yumde"Ghh‒ .nuup;''zzz$bmdaynumdm$dfu'psgha`fy'c`gjy'bq"gdf" dajnu"yumdeghh! unmu A unadl qgv gvjnu ug sfme$ BmDayumdm nmy isfmufe m emuadj yauf ypfiahaim``q ug Kfzy gh Ig`gs$ Au‑y im``fe KgiH`gil .zzz$kgih`gil$gsj!$

A nmxf nme unf f~pfsafdif gh cfadj unf f~guai hfuayn gh m znauf Kfz$ Unay ay znfd m znauf K ug emuf m pfsygd gh ig`gs dgu cfimvyf unfq sfm``q `alf unfb cvu cfimvyf au‑y m hmdumyq unf hv`ha``"A‑b f~guai `ggladj mde unmu‑y m`` A mb ug unfb vdhgsuvdmuf`q$

Znfd au igbfy ug bmuinbmladj unfsf nmxf cffd giimyagdy znfd m bmuinbmlfs za`` yfu gdf Kfz g ig`gs vp zaun mdgunfs Kfz gh Ig`gs kvyu cfimvyf unfq‑sf Kfzy gh ig`gs mde unmu‑y unf gd`q unadj unmu unfq nmxf ad igbbgd- A‑xf m`yg nmxf dgu pfsygdm``q f~pfsafdife unay cfimvyf A‑xf dfxfs ymu zaun m bmuinbmlfs cvu unfsf msf nvdesfey gh yugsafy unmu mdq Kfz gh Ig`gs zng‑y cffd ug m bmuinbmlfs imd uf`` qgv igdifsdadj unay xfsq ayyvf$

:

Ypfiam` Hfmuvsf

My m Kfz gh Ig`gs, A egd‑u jfu ug yff gvs cfmvuq mde xm`vf ghufd sfh`fiufe ad Kfzayn ypmify$ Gdf gh unf cajjfyu inm``fdjfy ad unf Kfzayn igbbvdauq ay unf `mil gh igdyiagvydfyy unmu Kfzy gh Ig`gs m Kfzayn, msf bgunfsy ( hmunfsy, unmu zf msf cfmvuahv`$

Kfzy gh Ig`gs hmif bmdq inm``fdjfy cvu unfsf msf sfygvsify gvu unfsf ug nf`p igdhsgdu mde efm` z unfyf inm``fdjfy my zf`` my ug yvppgsu mde cva`e m igbbvdauq znfsf m`` Kfzy hff` zf`igbf$ Hgs adhgsbmuagd mcgvu unf bmdq sfygvsify mxma`mc`f hgs Kfzy gh Ig`gs, p`fmyf yff unf Sfygvsify yfi ad Igbbvdauq Nmppfdadjy hfmuvsf gh unf bmjm{adf$

_ngugy; Ad gvs igbbvdauq"ygbf zf``"ldgzd Kfzy gh Ig`gs$ Ugp sajnu; C`gjjfs mde Mdua"miuaxayu BmDaynu ._ngug igvsufyq gh BmDaynumdm zzz$bmdaynumdm$dfu!, mde Cguugb `fhu; Unf Kfzy gh Ig`gs _mdf` unmu gd unf Kfzayn Inmddf`$ Hsgb `fhu ug sajnu, Qau{ Kgsemd m$l$m$ Q"@gxf .Smppfs, Zsaufs, Miuaxayu!, M` .C`gjjfs, ‐Bfbgasy gh m Kfzbadaimdm‒!, Kgf` Ymdinf{ .Kfzayn Cgmse gh Hmba`q mde Ina`esfd‑y Yfsxaify!, Q BiIgq .Kfzayn fevimugs, Eaxfsyauq _smiuauagdfs, mde Hgvdefs gh Mqfinm Kfzayn Eaxfsyauq Sfygvsify! mde Gnayg .Mvungs, ‐Yvsxaxgs‒! ._ngug igvsufyq nuup;''zzz$kfzpa$igb

>

Nfm`un

Ba`l esadlfsy `gyf bgsf zfajnu, sfyfmsin yngzy Cq [email protected]=i Yumhh .Gsajadm``q psadufe Yfpufbcfs 38, 3?=?!

_ngug cq Dmua Yngnmu'H`myn1 ?$ Eafufsy zaun unf najnfyu emasq im`iavb adumlf zfsf hgvde ug `gyf bgsf zfajnu$

M dfz zfajnu `gyy yuveq igdeviufe ad Aysmf` nmy sfxfm`fe unmu eafufsy zng igdyvbf ba`l gs ba psgeviuy `gyf bgsf zfajnu gd mxfsmjf unmd ungyf zng igdyvbf `auu`f ug dg ba`l psgeviuy$

Unf uzg"qfms eafumsq adufsxfduagd yuveq, gh 9?? gxfszfajnu bfd mde zgbfd ad baee`f mjf, zm imssafe gvu cq Cfd"Jvsagd Vdaxfsyauq gh unf Dfjfx .CJV!$ Unf sfyfmsinfsy hgvde unmu sfjmse` eafu, eafufsy zaun unf najnfyu emasq im`iavb adumlf " f}vm` ug =3 g{$ gh ba`l gs gunfs emas `gyu mcgvu =3 pgvdey .8lj! mu unf fde gh uzg qfmsy$

Eafufsy zaun unf `gzfyu emasq im`iavb adumlf " mcgvu nm`h m j`myy gh ba`l, gd`q `gyu yfxfd mxfsmjf$

Unf sfyfmsinfsy, `fe cq Es$ Emdau Ynmnms, gh CJV*y Ifdufs hgs Nfm`un mde Dvusauagd, mde gh

Nfm`un Yiafdify, m`yg eayigxfsfe unmu `fxf`y gh xaumbad E hgvde ad unf c`gge, m`yg mhhfiuf yviifyy gh zfajnu `gyy usfmubfduy$ Unf sfyv`uy igdhasbfe f~ayuadj sfyfmsin yngzadj unmu gxfs pmsuaiapmduy nmxf `gzfs c`gge `fxf`y gh unf xaumbad$ Najnfs xaumbad E `fxf`y ad yviifyyhv` eafufsy

#Au zmy ldgzd unmu gxfs"zfajnu pfgp`f nme `gzfs `fxf`y gh yfsvb xaumbad E cvu unay ay unf h unmu miuvm``q yngzy unmu yfsvb Xaumbad E adisfmyfe mbgdj pfgp`f zng `gyu zfajnu,# ymqy #Unay sfyv`u `myufe unsgvjngvu unf uzg qfmsy unmu unf yuveq zmy igdeviufe, sfjmse`fyy gh \pmsuaiapmduyR zfsf gd m `gz"imsc, `gz hmu gs Bfeaufssmdfmd eafu$#

1

Nfm`un

Xaumbad E adisfmyfy im`iavb mcygspuagd ad unf c`ggeyusfmb mde ad meeauagd ug yvd f~pgyvs gcumadfe hsgb hgsuahafe ba`l, hmuuq hayn mde fjjy$ Mbfsaimdy jfdfsm``q igdyvbf `fyy unmd un sfigbbfdefe ema`q sf}vasfbfdu gh Xaumbad E znain ay hgvde ad hgvs j`myyfy gh ba`l .5?? adufsdmuagdm` vdauy!$

Unf yuveq, znain zmy pvc`aynfe ad unf ivssfdu ayyvf gh unf Mbfsaimd Kgvsdm` gh I`adaim` Dvusauagd, zmy pmsu gh unf Eafumsq Adufsxfduagd Smdegba{fe Igdusg` Usam` .EASFIU! nf`e mu unf Dvi`f Ifdufs ad Aysmf` ad ig``mcgsmuagd zaun Nmsxmse Vdaxfsyauq, unf Vdaxfsyauq gh @fap{aj, Jfsbm Vdaxfsyauq gh Zfyufsd Gdumsag, Imdmem$ Ygbf 933 bgefsmuf`q gcfyf pfgp`f, mjfe 5? ug 86, uggl pmsu ad unf yuveq fxm`vmuadj `gz hmu, Bfeaufssmdfmd gs `gz"imsc eafuy hgs uzg qfmsy$

Ad fms`afs hadeadjy, yiafduayuy eayigxfsfe unmu `gz"hmu eafuy msfd*u unf cfyu zmq ug `gyf zfaj unmu eafufsy msf `alf`q ug `gyf bgsf zfajnu gd m Bfeaufssmdfmd eafu, gs m `gz"imsc eafu$

Unf yuveq zmy yvppgsufe cq unf Aysmf` Badayusq gh Nfm`un mde unf Aysmf` Emasq Igvdia`, unf Yiafduayu Ghhaif, Jfsbmd Sfyfmsin Hgvdemuagd mde unf Es$ Sgcfsu I$ mde Xfsgdaim Mulady Sfy Hgvdemuagd$

_ngug igvsufyq gh Baisgyghu Ghhaif Zgse 3??: I`ap Msu$

=?

Sf`muagdynapy

KgiH`gil; Unf hasyu gd`adf emuadj yauf hgs Kfzy gh Ig

M `gu gh vy nmxf jgdf unsgvjn unay; qgv‑sf gd m Kfzayn emuadj yauf yvin my Hsvbyufs$igb, gs KEmuf$igb, mde qgv yajd vp mde qgv‑sf isfmuadj qgvs psgha`f mde qgv igbf ug unf ‐Fundaiauq gpuagdy$ Gvu gh m`` unf ingaify `ayufe, unfsf‑y dgunadj unfsf unmu sfpsfyfduy qgv…Gs bmqcf q nme unay nmppfdfe; qgv‑xf igbp`fufe qgvs psgha`f mde faunfs au uggl emqy hgs au ug cf mpps zmy ef`fufe, gs unf yauf bmdmjfsy jmxf qgv mde fbma` svdmsgvde…Unfyf mde unf dvbfsgvy ng yugsafy unmu KGI‑y nmxf jgdf unsgvjn gd`adf, msf znmu bmef BmDaynumdm isfmuf unf hasyu gd`adf emuadj yauf hgs Kfzy gh Ig`gs; KgiH`gil$gsj$ Unf yauf yumsufe unf zffl gh Kv`q 38 un 3?=?$ Au =81 bfbcfsy mde ay jsgzadj$ Yumsuadj gvu, au zmy hsff ug kgad cvu my gh Giugcfs =? un, unfsf bgdun`q bfbcfsynap hff gh %5$16$

Ygbf bajnu myl znq ay unfsf m emuadj yauf ypfiahaim``q hgs Kfzy gh Ig`gs7 Znmu egfy unmu b BmDaynumdm sfypgdey ug unay gd unf yauf;

‐Fxfsqcgeq dffey unfas gzd f~i`vyaxf ypmif$ Ygbfznfsf znfsf unfq imd hff` mu fmyf$ Unfsf msf bmdq KGIy gd unf vyvm` jmbvu gh Kfzayn emuadj zfcyaufy zng egd*u fxfd hff` igbhgsumc`f fdg ug pvu vp unfas psgha`f paiuvsf gvu gh \xfsq kvyuahafeR hfms gh unf sfypgdyfy unfq*`` jfu hsg Mebadayusmugsy my zf`` my gunfs Yauf Bfbcfsy$ Kgih`gil$Gsj ay nfsf ug pvu md fde ug unmu My hms my unf yauf cfadj eayisabadmugsq, BmDaynumdm zsaufy gd unf yauf;

‐Dgu pmsuaiv`ms`q$ Fxfsqgdf f`yf jfuy ug nmxf unfas gzd, A egd*u yff znq KGIy yngv`e cf unf

f~ifpuagd$ Gd`q cgqy msf m``gzfe ad unf Cgq Yigvuy$ Gd`q easfiugsy msf m``gzfe ad unf Eas Jva`e$ Hsvbyufs ay gd`q hgs Hsvb Kfzy$ Yfpnmseai`adl ay hgs Yfpnmseai Kfzy$ Mde Kgih`gil a

M`ungvjn unf yauf ay ypfiahaim``q hgs KGI‑y, znauf Kfzy msf m`yg zf`igbfe ug yajd vp$ Cvu un unadj unmu znauf Kfzy dffe ug vdefsyumde unmu zgd‑u cf ug`fsmufe mu m`` cfhgsf yajdadj vp BmDaynumdm meesfyyfy unay gd unf yauf mde ad nay c`gj .nuup;''zzz$bmdaynumdm$dfu'psgha`fy'c`gjy'jguum"imuin"fb"m``!;

‐A*b dgu f~miu`q mcgvu ug yfu vp m cmssf` hv`` gh hayn ug cf yngu$ Kgih`gil$Gsj za`` dgu cf m p`mif hgs ygbfgdf ug yf`fiu hsgb md fundai bfdv znfd unfq*sf ad unf bgge hgs ygbfunadj #f~guai# cvu yu

==

Sf`muagdynapy Kfzayn…M`ungvjn, bgsf ghufd unmd dgu, pfgp`f bgyfq gd cq Kgih`gil `ggladj hgs ygbfunadj f~guai ug znfu unfas pm`muf$ A‑xf ef`fufe'efi`adfe yfxfsm` dgd "KGI psgha`fy yg hms$ Gdf zmy kgadadj hgs ivsagyauq‒$ Mdgunfs ymae unmu unfq zmdufe ug hade ‐ygbfgdf yfdyvm` ug f~p`gsf zaun$‒

A pfsygdm``q nmxfd‑u yajdfe vp hgs mdq gh unf Kfzayn emuadj yaufy gvu unfsf, cvu A nmxf f~pfs cfadj m xaiuab .ah unmu‑y unf sajnu zgse! gh m Kfzayn znauf jvqy‑ ‐iv`uvsm` ivsagyauq‒$ Hf``gz mde miuaxayu M`a{m Nmvybmd .nuup;''zzz$m`a{mnmvybmd$dfu' ! zsaufy ‐Qfy, mdqgdf imd kgad cvu ungy `ggladj hgs md #f~guai fyimpmef# gs #iv`uvsm` ivsagyauq# yngv`e psgcmc`q vyf unfas hsf}vfdu ug$$$xayau m hgsfajd igvdusq adyufme gh usfmuadj m nvbmd cfadj `alf m f~guai hmdumyq p`fm Znfd A ypglf mu Csggl`qd Ig``fjf mcgvu unf ayyvfy Kfzy gh ig`gs hmif ad unf zgs`e gh Kfzayn emu Yg ah qgv‑sf dgu `ggladj hgs md f~guai f~pfsafdif gs mdq gh unmu dgdyfdyf, qgv‑sf bgsf unmd ug kgad$

Hgs unf hasyu gd`adf emuadj yauf hgs Kfzy gh Ig`gs, Kgih`gil$gsj ay m jsfmu f~mbp`f gh yffadj m unf igbbvdauq mde psgxaeadj m yg`vuagd$ Yg hms, unfsf nmxfd‑u cffd mdq igvp`fy gs zfeeadj cf` qfu, cvu A‑b yvsf unfsf za`` cf ad unf hvuvsf$

_ngugy igvsufyq gh zzz$kgih`, gil$gsj mde Baisgyghu Ghhaif Zgse 3??: I`ap Msu

=3

Ad unf Dfzy Dfzy yugsafy hsgb msgvde unf dmuagd mde unf zgs`e

_vyn Ug Mbfde Iaxa` Sajnuy Miu Hgsify Cmyai ]vfyuagdy Kfzayn Aefduauq Cq Dmunmd Jvuubmd Giugcfs ?8, 3?=?, ayyvf gh Giugcfs =6, 3?=? Kfzayn Ema`q Hgszmse

ZMYNADJUGD ― Znfd unf Iaxa` Sajnuy Miu Mbfsaim, mde unf fxfduy usajjfsadj au uggl zmy pmyyfe ad =185, au zmy yffd my unf bmad p`mif mu unf Vdaxfsyauq gh Im`ahgsdam, Asxadf, xfnai`f hgs fdeadj smiam` eayisabadmuagd znfsf ufdyagdy cfuzffd Kfzayn mde psg" mjmadyu Mhsaimd Mbfsaimdy$ Dgz, uzg Kfzayn _m`fyuadamd yuvefduy nmxf svd najn$ `mzbmlfsy msf usqadj ug mbfde unf `mz, adAd 3??5, mhufs sfifaxadj igbp`maduy gh gsefs ug nmxf au adi`vef psgufiuagd hgs Kfzayn nmsmyybfdu hsgb Kfzayn yuvefduy mu unf yuvefduy gd ig``fjf imbpvyfy$ Ad unf psgifyy, vdaxfsyauq, unf [GM bmef md ghhaiam` mppfm` ug unfq msf umladj gd m nfmxq nayugsaim` }vfyuagd; unf Efpmsubfdu gh Fevimuagd‑y Ghhaif hgs Iaxa` Msf unf Kfzy gh Mbfsaim pmsu gh m sf`ajagd, gs znain ay inmsjfe zaun fdhgsiadj Uau`f Sajnuy, msf unfq md fundai jsgvp7 XA$ Unf jsgvp i`mabfe unmu VI, Asxadf‑y

Unf psgpgyfe mbfdebfdu, ypgdygsfe cq `fmefsynap eae dgu psgpfs`q meesfyy unfyf Yfdmugs Ms`fd Ypfiufs gh _fddyq`xmdam mde fxfduy mde unmu Kfzayn yuvefduy yngv`e fdkgq Sfp$ Csme Ynfsbmd gh Im`ahgsdam, cgun unf psgufiuagd psgxaefe cq Uau`f XA, yadif unf Efbgismuy, yffly ug csgmefd unf efhadauagdy vdaxfsyauq sfifaxfy jgxfsdbfdu hvdey$ gh jsgvpy psgufiufe vdefs Uau`f XA gh unf Iaxa` Mu unf uabf, unf psfxma`adj adufspsfumuagd gh Sajnuy Miu, znain psgnacauy eayisabadmuagd ad XA mu unf EGF zmy unmu au m`yg igxfsfe Uau`f mjfdiafy sfifaxadj jgxfsdbfdu hvdeadj$ Unf sf`ajagvy jsgvpy unmu ynmsf fundai `mzbmlfsy cf`afxf unmu unf `mdebmsl inmsmiufsayuaiy$ Cvu zna`f unf adxfyuajmuagd `fjay`muagd nme `fhu gpfd m `ggpng`f ad auy zmy vdefs zmq, unf GIS inmdjfe auy pgyauagd hgsbv`muagd gh Uau`f XA psgufiuagdy$ Aumde psgnacauy megpufe m dmssgzfs adufspsfumuagd, gdf eayisabadmuagd cmyfe gd ‐smif, ig`gs, gs unmu sfigjda{fy eayisabadmuagd cmyfe gd`q gd dmuagdm` gsajad,‒ cvu egfy dgu bfduagd smif, ig`gs gs dmuagdm` gsajad$ sf`ajagd$ ‐Znfd ygbfgdf yngvuy mu Kfzayn yuvefduy, ‐Zf dffe ug i`gyf unf `ggpng`f unmu m``gzy„Qgv‑sf cmcq la``fsy,‑ gs, „Qgv‑sf Dm{ay,‑ unay ay yuvefduy ug cf nmsmyyfe mde unsfmufdfe aduabaemuagd unmu ay dgu igxfsfe cq unf cfimvyf gh unfas sf`ajagd,‒ Ypfiufs ymae adisabadm` m `mz,‒ ymae Bgsugd L`fad, dmuagdm` yumufbfdu$ Nf meefe unmu sf`ajagvy psfyaefdu gh unf [GM$ ‐Ah ygbfgdf uvsdy ug m eayisabadmuagd ay m`sfmeq psgnacaufe adc`mil gunfs pfsygd mde vyfy unf D zgse, unfd au ay pmsuy gh unf Iaxa` Sajnuy Miu, adi`veadj ungyf igxfsfe$ Cvu ah nf im``y m Kfz „Dm{a,‑ au ay dgu$‒ sf`muadj ug fbp`gqbfdu mde ngvyadj$ Uau`f XA gh unf Iaxa` Sajnuy Miu egfy dgu adhsadj Unf esaxadj hgsif cfnade unay psgpgyfe gd hsff ypffin gd imbpvy, cvu au egfy sf}vasf `fjay`muagd ay unf [agdayu Gsjmda{muagdvdaxfsyauafy gh ug bmadumad md fdxasgdbfdu hsff

=9

Ad unf Dfzy gh eayisabadmugsq nmsmyybfdu$ Vyf gh smiayu `mdjvmjf, hgs f~mbp`f, igv`e cf meesfyyfe cq igdefbdmuagd cq imbpvy `fmefsy gs unsgvjn fevimuagdm` fhhgsuy$

Ad meeauagd ug adiaefduy mu VI, Asxadf, [GM m`yg pgadufe ug gunfs imbpvyfy mu znain mdua"A miuaxauq nmy `fhu Kfzayn yuvefduy hff`adj nmsmyyfe$ Unf Ypfiufs"Ynfsbmd ca`` bfduagdy yfxfsm adiaefduy mu gunfs vdaxfsyauafy, my zf``, adi`veadj unf Vdaxfsyauq gh Im`ahgsdam‑y Cfslf`fq imbpvy, znfsf m yuvefdu ng`eadj m psg"Aysmf` yajd zmy pvynfe mde adkvsfe$ Mu unf Vdaxfsyauq gh Dgsu mdua"Yfbauai y`vsy zfsf yngvufe mu m Kfzayn yuvefdu$

Mbfdeadj unf Iaxa` Sajnuy Miu zgv`e m`yg psgxaef gunfs sf`ajagvy jsgvpy zaun psgufiuagd, znain miigseadj ug ypgdygsy gh unf dfz ca``, ay dffefe, my zf``$ Unf ypgdygsy efuma`fe yfxfsm` imyfy g eayisabadmuagd mjmadyu Bvy`ab, Yaln mde Nadev yuvefduy, adi`veadj m imyf ad znain m Bvy`ab mu unf Vdaxfsyauq gh A``adgay zmy cfmufd mde nme m yzmyualm esmzd gd nfs `gilfs, m`gdjyae ‐Eaf Bvy`aby$‒ Ad mdgunfs imyf, m Yaln yfxfdun"jsmef yuvefdu ad Dfz Kfsyfq hmife sfpfmufe umvduy mde nmsmyybfdu hsgb yuvefduy zng im``fe nab ‐Gymbm$‒

Cvu znfd efm`adj zaun unfyf imyfy, miuaxayuy mde `mzbmlfsy nme ug yusvjj`f zaun hsf}vfdu inmd pg`aiq mu unf GIS$ Mhufs uvsdadj egzd sf}vfyuy hgs adxfyuajmuagd sfjmseadj unf VI, Asxadf, imy GIS mjsffe ad 3??5 ug csgmefd unf efhadauagd ug igxfs Kfzayn yuvefduy, ugg$ Unfd, zaun unf dfz mebadayusmuagd, unf pg`aiq zmy sfxfsyfe mjmad ug f~i`vef Kfzayn yuvefduy$

‐Unf Iaxa` Sajnuy Miu gh =185 zmy m`bgyu fduasf`q mcgvu smif,‒ f~p`madfe Fszad Infbfsadylq, hgvdeadj Efmd gh unf VI, Asxadf `mz yingg`$ Infbfsadylq meefe unmu fxfd ah mbfdefe, Uau`f XA eg `auu`f ug yugp sf`ajagvy nmsmyybfdu, yadif au zgv`e gd`q bmlf vdaxfsyauafy `amc`f ad imyf g ‐ef`acfsmuf adeahhfsfdif‒ mde unmu, nf ymae, ‐ay m nmse yumdemse ug bffu$‒

Unf ayyvf zmy eayivyyfe ad m sfifdu pngdf igdxfsymuagd cfuzffd Fevimuagd Yfisfumsq Msdf Evdim mde Ynfsbmd, zng `mufs ug`e unf Hgszmse unmu nf ay ‐bgsf unmd imvuagvy`q gpuabayuai‒ unm Efpmsubfdu gh Fevimuagd za`` sfmegpu unf csgmefs adufspsfumuagd gh Uau`f XA$ Ygvsify zaun ymae unmu au zgv`e cf sf`fmyadj m dfz pg`aiq yumufbfdu ad unf igbadj zffly$

Ynfsbmd m`yg yusfyyfe, ngzfxfs, unmu fxfd ah unf efpmsubfdu sfxayfy auy pg`aiq ug adi`vef psgufi hgs Kfzayn yuvefduy, nf yua`` adufdey ug jg mnfme zaun unf `fjay`muagd ad gsefs ug fdyvsf unmu adufspsfumuagd gh unf Iaxa` Sajnuy Miu gd unay ayyvf ay dgu yvckfiu ug hvuvsf mebadayusmuax

M ypglfybmd hgs unf EGF zgv`e dgu igbbfdu gd unf igdxfsymuagd cfuzffd Ynfsbmd mde Evdimd$ My hgs unf psgpgyfe `fjay`muagd, unf ypglfybmd ymae unf efpmsubfdu egfy dgu nmxf m pgyauag ca``$

Umil`adj unf ayyvf gh mdua"Kfzayn eayisabadmuagd gd imbpvy m`yg sf}vasfe unf gpfdadj gh m if `gdj efcmuf gxfs unf efhadauagd gh unf ‐Kfzayn pfgp`f$‒ Hgs Kfzy ug cf psgufiufe vdefs Uau`f XA myyvbadj unf Iaxa` Sajnuy Miu ay dgu mbfdefe, miuaxayuy zgv`e nmxf ug bmlf unf imyf unmu Kfz bfbcfsy dgu gh m sf`ajagd, cvu smunfs gh md fundai jsgvp, gs gh m jsgvp unmu ynmsfy m dmuagd

=5

Ad unf Dfzy

Ynfsbmd ymae unf GIS hma`fe ug vdefsyumde unmu ‐unfsf ay m Kfzayn pfgp`f, dgu gd`q m Kfz sf`ajagd$‒ Ug psgxf unf pgadu, nf msjvfe unmu Kfzy imd cf munfayuy, zna`f unfsf ay dg yvin un Imung`ai munfayu$

Hvsunfsbgsf, nf ymae, Kfzy nmxf m dmuagdm` gsajad, m`ungvjn ungvymdey gh qfmsy nmxf pm unfq miuvm``q ynmsfe unay igbbgd dmuagdm` gsajad$ ‐Unf zgse ‐Kfz‒ ay yngsu hgs „Kvefmd, f~p`madfe$ Ad miuvm`auq, ‐Kfz‒ ay efsaxfe hsgb ‐Kvemn,‒ m ygd gh unf cac`aim` pmusamsin Kmigc, mde unf `fmefs gh gdf gh unf Usacfy gh Aysmf`$ Unf usacf `mufs jmxf auy dmbf ug unf ygvunfsd pgsuagd gh unf Igdumiu Dmunmd Jvuubmd mu jvuubmdOhgszmse$igb

_adl H`gqe*y Zmufsy adyayuy isauaiy baysfme yqbc Cq Kfddahfs @apbmd, Giugcfs :, 3?=? Unf Kfzayn Insgdai`f Gd`adf

Csauayn sgil yadjfs Sgjfs Zmufsy nmy eaybayyfe unf i`mab cq Mbfsaimd Kfzsq*y bmad efhfdyf gsjmda{muagd unmu pmsuy gh nay ivssfdu igdifsu ugvs #isgyy unf `adf adug mdua"Yfbauayb# Unf hgsbfs _adl H`gqe cmyy p`mqfs mde xgim`ayu zmy muumilfe cq unf Mdua"Efhmbmuagd @ hgs vyadj m psgkfiuagd znain yngzy Aysmf` esgppadj cgbcy ad unf ynmpf gh yumsy gh Emxae, unf eg``ms yqbcg`$ Unf mdabmufe yifdf " md muumil gd Aysmf`*y yfivsauq cmssafs " hgsby unf cmilesgp ug pfshgs unf ygdj Jggecqf C`vf Ylq, hsgb unf nau =1:1 m`cvb Unf Zm``$ Unf abmjfy m`yg yngz unf C63 cgbcfs esgppadj yqbcg`y adi`veadj unf Ynf`` `gjg mde m isviaha~$ Mcsmnmb Hg~bmd, unf [email protected]*y dmuagdm` easfiugs, isauaia{fe unf #gvusmjfgvy# ingaif gh a au zmy #p`mqadj adug mde esfejadj vp unf zgsyu mjf"g`e mdua"Yfbauai yufsfguqpf mcgvu Kfz yvppgyfe gcyfyyagd zaun bmladj bgdfq#$ Cvu Bs$ Zmufsy, sfcvuuadj unf miivymuagdy gh mdua"Yfbauayb, ymae, ad m `fuufs ug unf Ade #Dgunadj igv`e cf hvsunfs hsgb unf usvun$ #Qgv imd muumil Aysmf`a pg`aiq zaungvu cfadj mdua"Kfzayn$ Au*y `alf ymqadj ah qgv isauai qgv msf cfadj mdua"Insayuamd$# Nf ymae nf zmy isauaim` gh Aysmf`a yfuu`fbfdu pg`aiq #znain ay fduasf`q a``fjm` vdefs adufs mde m`yg gh jnfuuga{adj unf pfgp`f zngyf `mde unfq msf cva`eadj gd$ Au*y unmu hgsfajd pg` mjmadyu$ Au*y dgunadj ug eg zaun unf sf`ajagd$# Unf Yvssfq"cgsd yadjfs, 8:, ymae unf yqbcg`y nme cffd ingyfd ug sfpsfyfdu sf`ajagvy, dmuagdm igbbfsiam` adufsfyuy #znain nmxf m bm`ajd adh`vfdif gd gvs `axfy#$ Nf ymae; #Igdusmsq ug Hgsbmd‑y myyfsuagd, unfsf msf dg naeefd bfmdadjy ad unf gsefs gs kv~umpgyauagd gh unfyf yqbcg`y$#Hgvs qfmsy mjg Bs$ Zmufsy bgxfe unf `gimuagd gh m igdifsu ad Aysmf` hsgb Uf` M Kfzayn"Msmc xa``mjf gh Dfxf Ynm`gb ad gsefs ug efbgdyusmuf yg`aemsauq zaun pfmif imbpm Kv`q, nf p`mqfe m inmsauq igdifsu gd cfnm`h gh _m`fyuadamd ina`esfd$

=6

Ad unf Dfzy

Aysmf`a yajnuyffadj jfuy md a_ngdf mpp Kzffl`q$igb Unvsyemq, Giugcfs :, 3?=?

Aysmf`‑y Ugvsayb Badayusq `mvdinfe md mpp`aimuagd hgs unf a_ngdf unmu za`` bmlf xayauy ad unf igvdusq fmyafs$

Unf mpp`aimuagd za`` hade unf vyfs‑y `gimuagd mde m``gz unfb ug sfifaxf hmyu mde vpemufe a gd yaufy, ugvsy, miigbbgemuagdy mde fxfduy umladj p`mif ad unf abbfeamuf msfm, my zf`` my gu msfmy ad Aysmf` unfq p`md ug xayau$

Unf yqyufb, ad Fdj`ayn mde Nfcsfz mde yggd ug cf usmdy`mufe adug Svyyamd, Jfsbmd mde Hsfdi za`` cf mempufe ug gunfs f`fiusgdai efxaify, miigseadj ug unf badayusq$

Unf mpp`aimuagd ay hsff ug egzd`gme, mde imd cf vyfe ghh`adf$ Unf vyfs m`yg imd vp`gme png mde igbbfduy ad sfm` uabf ug ygiam` bfeam yaufy yvin my Hmifcggl mde Uzauufs$

_ngug igvsufyq gh nuup;''is$viemxay$fev'igbbysx'zasf`fyy'if``v`ms$ihb

=8

Ad unf Dfzy

Aysmf` `gqm`uq gmun ca`` yuasy Msmc"Aysmf`a vd Cq Kgynvm Baudail, Igssfypgdefdu ' Giugcfs :, 3?=? Unf Insayuamd Yiafdif Bgdaugs

Uf` Mxax

Aysmf`*y imcadfu df~u zffl za`` igdyaefs m ca`` unmu zgv`e sf}vasf dgd"Kfzayn imdeaemufy h iaua{fdynap ug p`fejf m``fjamdif ug unf igvdusq my m Kfzayn yumuf$

Unf ca``, cmilfe cq _sabf Badayufs Cfdkmbad Dfumdqmnv, im``y hgs md mbfdebfdu ug Aysmf` iaua{fdynap `mz ug adi`vef #m Kfzayn mde efbgismuai yumuf# ad m bmdemugsq gmun gh `g

Ad meeauagd ug lailadj vp miivymuagdy gh eayisabadmuagd mjmadyu unf igvdusq*y Msmc ba yvjjfyufe unf psgpgym` ay uabfe ug pvyn Aysmf`*y eap`gbmuai imbpmajd ug hgsif unf _m`fyua sfigjda{f Aysmf` my m Kfzayn yumuf my m igdeauagd hgs m pfmif miigse$

#Unfsf ay md mjfdem nfsf,# ymqy Qfeaeam Yufsd, m `mz psghfyygs mu Cms A`md Vdaxfsyauq psfyaefdu gh unf Aysmf` Efbgismiq Adyuauvuf$ #Unf mjfdem ay ug pvyn ad unf hmif gh fxfsqc yfsagvy zf msf mcgvu unf efhadauagd# gh Aysmf` my m Kfzayn mde efbgismuai yumuf$

Bs$ Dfumdqmnv*y ghhaif mddgvdife auy fdegsyfbfdu gh unf mbfdebfdu kvyu my VY, Aysmf`a, m _m`fyuadamd dfjguamugsy msf yusvjj`adj ug sfyg`xf m eaypvuf gxfs yfuu`fbfdu f~pmdyagd un _m`fyuadamd `fmefsy unsfmufdadj ug mcmdegd easfiu dfjguamuagdy$

Aysmf`a kgvsdm`ayuy mylfe unf psabf badayufs Unvsyemq ah nay yvppgsu hgs unf ca`` zmy bf yvppgsu gh v`usmdmuagdm`ayu Hgsfajd Badayufs Mxajegs @afcfsbmd, zng hma`fe ug pmyy m `gqm`uq gmun hgs Msmc iaua{fdy, hgs md f~ufdyagd gh m bgsmugsavb gd dfz ngvyadj ad unf Cajjfs p`mdy7 Ungvjn Dfumdqmnv efbvssfe, nf eae ymq unmu yajdahaimdif gh unf sfxayfe `gqm`uq gmun ay ygbfunadj cajjfs

#Unfsf ay m xfsq jsfmu yusvjj`f ugemq ug dv``ahq mde c`vs unf inmsmiufs gh Aysmf` my unf d unf Kfzayn pfgp`f mde ug ymq unmu au egfyd*u cf`gdj ug unf Kfzayn pfgp`f gd m dmuagdm` c Dfumdqmnv$ #A unadl unmu unf yusvjj`f gd unay ayyvf, cgun gd md adufsdmuagdm` mde m e dfifyymsq yusvjj`f$#

Fxfs yadif Dfumdqmnv hasyu unsfz nay yvppgsu cfnade isfmuadj m _m`fyuadamd yumuf ad 3?? pvsyvfe m efbmde unmu unf _m`fyuadamdy sfigjda{f Aysmf` my m yumuf gh unf Kfzayn pfgp`f unf dfjguamuagdy$ Unf _m`fyuadamdy nmxf sfyayufe, msjvadj unmu unf ayyvf ay yg`f`q m egb

Unf mbfdebfdu zmy bmef pvc`ai mu m yfdyauaxf eap`gbmuai kvdiuvsf$ Gd Hsaemq mde Ymuv Msmc @fmjvf ay f~pfiufe ug ayyvf m yumufbfdu sfjmseadj unf hvuvsf gh _m`fyuadamd pmsuaia

=:

Ad unf Dfzy

pfmif um`ly mhufs Aysmf` fdefe m bgsmugsavb gd yfuu`fbfdu cva`eadj$ Unfsf nmxf cffd adufdyah eap`gbmuai igdumiuy gxfs unf `myu uzg zffly ug mxgae m csfmlegzd gh unf um`ly$

#Unfsf msf easfiu um`ly zaun unf _m`fyuadamdy mde unfq msf sfhvyadj ug sfigjda{f Aysmf` my m efbgismuai yumuf, ad igdusmyu ug unf VD ad =15>,# ymqy Um` Dmnvb, unf ypglfybmd hgs Hgsf Badayufs @afcfsbmd*y pg`auaim` pmsuq, Qaysmf` Cfaufadv$ #Au*y xfsq abpgsumdu hgs vy unm zgs`e za`` sfigjda{f Aysmf` my m Kfzayn yumuf … Unay ay znmu unay mbfdebfdu ay hgs$# Msf Aysmf`*y Kfzayn mde efbgismuai aefduauafy ad igdh`aiu7

Aysmf`ay nmxf cfigbf bgsf m`msbfe ad sfifdu qfmsy mu znmu bmdq nfsf igdyaefs m jsgzadj imbpm adufsdmuagdm``q ug ef`fjauaba{f Aysmf`*y sajnu ug f~ayu my m Kfzayn yumuf$

Unf igvdusq*y gdf"hahun Msmc badgsauq yffy unf mbfdebfdu ug unf iaua{fdynap `mz my dfz fxae unmu unfsf ay m igdh`aiu cfuzffd Aysmf`*y evm` aefduauq my Kfzayn mde efbgismuai$ Unfsf nmy jsgzadj yvppgsu mbgdj _m`fyuadamdy hgs unf yg"im``fe #gdf yumuf# yg`vuagd, znain zgv`e fyyfd jaxf fxfsqgdf `axadj ad unf Zfyu Cmdl, Jm{m, mde Aysmf` iaua{fdynap ad gdf igvdusq, znain zgv`e unf f~i`vyaxf Kfzayn inmsmiufs gh unf yumuf$

Kmhhms Hmsmn, unf easfiugs gh unf Aysmf`a iaxa` sajnuy jsgvp Bgyymzm, dgufe unmu unf ca`` `auu`f psmiuaim` abpmiu cfimvyf hmba`q bfbcfsy gh Aysmf`a Msmcy nmxf cffd cmssfe hsgb cfigb dmuvsm`a{fe iaua{fdy vdefs `fjay`muagd pmyyfe evsadj unf nfajnu gh unf _m`fyuadamd vpsayadj egfyd*u fmyf unf yfdyf gh adkvsq$

#Unay ay m eaiumugsynap gh unf bmkgsauq,# nf ymqy$ #Zf yff unay my pmsu gh unf ef`fjauaba imbpmajd mjmadyu gvs f~ayufdif ad Aysmf`, znain ay `fe cq unf ivssfdu jgxfsdbfdu yadif au zmy fyumc`aynfe$#

@mz _sghfyygs Yufsd ymqy au*y sfmygdmc`f hgs Aysmf` ug sf}vasf dmuvsm`a{fe iaua{fdy ug sfia p`fejf cfimvyf Aysmf`*y }vmya"igdyuauvuagdm` Cmyai @mzy bfduagd unf igvdusq*y aefduauq my mde efbgismuai yumuf$ Znmu ay psgc`fbmuai, nf ymae, ay fdhgsiadj unmu sf}vasfbfdu yg`f`q gd Kfzy$ Vdefs Aysmf`*y @mz gh Sfuvsd, Kfzayn sf}vfyuy hgs iaua{fdynap msf jsmdufe mvugbmuaim

#Ad gsefs ug bmlf au ugum``q lgynfs zf dffe ug efbmde unf ymbf lade gh p`fejf gh fxfsqgdf,# nf ymqy$ #Ah zf zmdu pfgp`f ug igbbau ug m yfu gh xm`vfy, znmu egfy au bmlf m eahhfsfdif znfunfs msf Kfzayn gs dgu7#

Aysmf`a _sabf Badayufs Cfdkmbad Dfumdqmnv .i$!, Adufsags Badayufs F`a Qaynma .s$! mde Aysmf`a ghhaiam` A`md Nmsmsa muufde m bffua evsadj Dfumdqmnv xayau ad unf Aysmf`a ugzd gh @ge, Giu$ :$ _ngug Igvsufyq Kmil Jvf{'M_

=>

Ngu Ugpai

F~guai @ggladj A mb Dgu; Znq msf Kfzy gh Ig`gs igdyaefsfe ‐f~g

Yg A zmy gd m zfcyauf mde A ymz md msuai`f mcgvu #If`fcsmuf Unf Qfms 6::= Zaun 3? Ngu K Yg A infil au gvu kvyu ug yff ah mdq zgbfd gh ig`gs bmef unf `ayu mde `g mde cfng`e uzg eae]vadiq Kgdfy‑ emvjnufs mde unf gunfs zmy Fbbmdvf``f Inas}va$ Nfsf‑y ngz unf zsaufs efyisacfe nfs; #3$ Fbbmdvf``f Insa}va Fdugvsmjf yums Insa}va jfuy nfs f~guai dmbf mde `ggl hsgb nfs Bgsgiimd Kfzayn nfsaumjf$# Yg A bmef unay igbbfdu mcgvu unmu fdusq; ‐Znmu eg qgv bfmd cq f~guai znfd sfhfssadj ug Fbbmdvf``f Insa}va7 Znq ay ynf f~guai cfimvyf ynf*y Bgsgiimd mde Kfzayn7 Zf Kfzy gh Ig`gs egd*u `alf ug cf im``fe f~guai$‒ M hfz gunfs pfgp`f igbbfdufe gd ngz unf msuai`f zmy m jsfmu gdf mde unfd ygbfgdf sfypgdefe ypfiahaim``q ug znmu A nme zsauufd; ‐Jsfmu cau, ^^^- OUm`aynm, my m Uvdayamd kfz A hade dgunadj zsgdj zaun #f~guai# ;"! ‐ A zmy m cau pfsuvscfe mde A zsguf cmil; ‐O^^^ A zmy kvyu f~psfyyadj bq gpadagd$ A ungvjnu au zmy m jgge msuai`f cvu A egd*u `alf pfgp`f efyisacadj pfgp`f gh ig`gs my f~guai `ggladj$ Mde unmu*y kvyu bf$‒

@ggladj cmil mu au dgz, A unadl A yngv`e gh zsauufd bq sfypgdyfy m `auu`f cau cfuufs cvu A z unf nfmu gh unf bgbfdu mde A eaed‑u f~psfyy bqyf`h my zf`` my A zmdufe ug$ Yg unmu‑y znm dgz$ Unf msuai`f zmyd‑u m cme gdf, A‑b yvsf unf zsaufs zmyd‑u usqadj ug ghhfde mdqgdf$ Cv cgunfsfe bf pfsygdm``q zmy ngz unf zsaufs efyisacfe Fbbmdvf``f mde ngz hgs m `gdj uabf Kfzy Ig`gs my zf`` my dgd"Kfzy gh Ig`gs nmxf cffd efyisacfe my ‐f~guai‒ gs nmxadj ‐f~guai‒ dmbfy$

Znq msf zf im``fe f~guai7 A bfmd, msf zf md fdemdjfsfe ypfiafy, unf `myu gh gvs lade7 Msf Kfz Ig`gs jgadj f~uadiu7 A ldgz unmu unf jvq zng zsguf unf msuai`f eaed*u bfmd au ad m cme zmq msf zf Kfzy gh Ig`gs #f~guai `ggladj#7 Znmu bmlfy vy f~guai7 Unmu*y znmu A zmdu ug ldgz

Hasyu gh m``, znmu egfy unf zgse ‐f~guai‒ bfmd7 A `gglfe vp unf efhadauagd gh unf zgse f~guai gd`adf .nuup;''zzz$bfssamb"zfcyufs$igb'eaiuagdmsq'f~guai!$ Unfsf zfsf unsff fdusafy hgs f~guai$ Unf zfsf unsff fdusafy `ayufe$ Unf zgse f~guai imd cf vyfe my md mekfiuaxf, m dgvd, gs ug efyisacf ifsumad csffe gh imu$ Yg nfsf msf unf efhadauagdy gh f~guai; ‐=; adusgevife hsgb mdgunfs igvdusq ; dgu dmuaxf ug unf p`mif znfsf hgvde < 3; msinmai ; hgsfajd, m`afd< 9; yusaladj`q, f~iauadj`q, gs b eahhfsfdu gs vdvyvm`< 5; gh gs sf`muadj ug yusapufmyf< =; gdf .my m p`mdu gs mdabm`! un yusapufmyfs< 9; f~guai yngsunmas

=1

Ngu Ugpai Mde nfsf msf unf zgsey unmu msf sf`mufe ug f~guai;

‐Yqdgdqby; ca{mssg, hmdumyuai .m`yg hmdumyuaim`!, j`mbgsgvy .m`yg j`mbgvsgvy!, bmsxf`gvy .gs bmsxf``gvy!, gvu`mdeayn, sgbmduai, yusmdjf, ivsag, ivsagyauq, gckfu e*msu .m`yg gckfu!, geeauq, geebfdu, smsauq Sf`mu Zgsey; hgvde gckfiu, gckfu usgvxá< ivsagym, fpnfbfsm, xasuv .gs xfsuv!< bmsxf`, psgeajq, smsm mxay, smsf case, zgdefs< mcdgsbm`auq, mdgbm`q, h bgdyufs, bgdyusgyauq< bm`hgsbmuagd, bvumdu, bvumuagd‒ Yg `ggl mu unf efhadauagdy mde unf sf`mufe zgsey$$$$$jg mnfme umlf qgvs uabf$$$$$eg qgv gs zgv`e qgv `alf ug cf efyisacfe my #f~guai `ggladj# 7 Ah qgv eg, unfd A umlf au qgv egd‑u nmxf m psgc`fb zaun cfadj efyisacfe my f~guai mde A sfypfiu qgvs xafz$

Bf7 Dgu yg bvin$$$qfy unfsf msf ygbf daif sf`mufe zgsey `alf #j`mbgvsgvy# gs #bmsxf`gvy# cvu unfd unf gunfs sf`mufe zgsey mde yqdgdqby unmu msf `ayufe msf zgsey unmu A egd*u unadl A zg ug cf efyisacfe my$ Zgsey `alf ‐ca{mssf‒, ‐geeauq‒, gs ‐yusmdjf‒ msf dgu zgsey unmu A zmdu ug cf efyisacfe my$ Unfq bfmd unf ymbf unadj my f~guai$ Yg dg, A egd*u zmdu ug cf efyisacfe my f~gu A egd*u unadl qgv zmdu ug cf faunfs$ Mde znq msf gvs dmbfy m`yg efyisacfe my ‐f~guai‒7 Znmu‑y zsgdj zaun bq dmbf ‐Um`aynm‒ gs ‐Fbbmdvf``f‒ gs ‐Cmsmil‒ gs ‐Ynamy‒7

_fgp`f gh ig`gs znfunfs Kfzayn gs dgu msf cfmvuahv` pfgp`f$ Zf nmxf dgunadj ug cf mynmbfe gh m zayn unmu fxfsqgdf igv`e yff unmu cfmvuq ayd‑u kvyu gdf ypfiahai unadj gs jsgvp gh pfgp`f$ Qfy msf ifsumad unadjy unmu eayuadjvayn gdf jsgvp gh pfgp`f hsgb unf gunfs cvu znfd qgv c`ffe zf m` c`ffe unf ymbf ig`gs c`gge sfe"vd`fyy qgv‑sf unf Nv`l, unfd qgvs c`gge zgv`e cf jsffd$

Yg df~u uabf znfd ygbfgdf efyisacfy qgv gs mdgunfs Kfz gh Ig`gs my #f~guai `ggladj#, qgv bajnu unadl uzaif mcgvu au$ Qgv igv`e m`yg KGI y`mp unfb cvu A*b dgu mexgimuadj xag`fdif, qgv igv`e kvyu KGI y`mp unfb z qgvs zgsey$

Mcgxf; Fbbmdvf``f Insa}va ._ngug igvsufyq gh nuup;''zzz$ema`qbmlfgxfs$igb'nmasyuq`fy'm``WzgbfdyW`ggly'fbbmdvf``fWinsa}vaWkv`qW?1W3??1!

3?

Ypasauvm`auq

Ypgu`ajnu; Smcca Msqfn Lmp`md

Smcca Msqfn Lmp`md zmy m dgufe Csfy`gx‑y Smcca Dminbmd‑y Uallvd$ Smcca Mbfsaimd Gsungeg~ Smcca, zsaufs, mde Lmp`md psgevife unf hasyu fxfs Fdj`ayn pnqyaiayu$ Nf ay zaef`q xafzfe my md gsajadm` usmdy`muagd gh Yaingu NmSmd .Smcca Dminbmd‑y unadlfs mde psg`ahai zsaufs$ Nay zgsl smdjfe Zayegb! znain Smcca Sgyfdhf`e feaufe$ M`yg hsgb unf yuveafy gh unf Ugsmn, Um`bve, mde Smcca Lmp`md usmdy`mufe mde mddgumufe Vdua` bqyuaiayb ug unf adusgeviugsq pmbpn`fuyunf gd Bmynamin; Unf @ahf gh Smcca Dminbmd hgs Kfzayn cf`afhy mde pna`gygpnq unmu zmy unf mabfe Csfy`gx Sfyfmsin Adyuauvuf unmu zmy mu dgd"sf`ajagvy mde dfz`q sf`ajagvy Kfzy$ hgvdefe Nf cq Smcca Sgyfdhf`e‑y ygd"ad"`mz zmy m`yg ldgzd hgs nay aduabmuf ldgz`fejfInmab gh Lsmbfs$ Lmccm`mn znain unf smcca nabyf`h vua`a{fe .unf Hsgb =1:8 gdzmse, Smcca Lmp`md‑y bfeaumuagd hgsb gh Lmccm`mn! gd m ema`q cmyay$ bmkgs miuaxauq zmy unf Fdj`ayn usmdy`muagd gh Nf zmy cgsd ad unf Csgd~, Dfz Qgsl unf mdung`gjq Bf‑mb @g‑f{ hsgb Nfcsfz Iauq ug m Yfhmsea Sfimdmua hmba`q hsgbznain nme cffd usmdy`mufe hsgb @meadg Yg`gdalm, Jsffif ad Giugcfs 39, =195$ Nf .Kvemfg"Ypmdayn! ad =18:$ Ad =1>=, Smcca yuveafe mu Qfynaxm Ugsmn Xgemmy ad Csggl`qd Lmp`md igbp`fufe Unf @axadj Ugsmn znain zmy mde igduadvfe nay yuveafy ad Aysmf` mu unf m dfz Basusmdy`muagd gh unf haxf cggly gh Bgyfy qfynaxm ad Kfsvym`fb$ Nf zmy gsemadfe cq mde unfunf Nmhumsgu$ Ad =1>9, Smcca Msqfn hgsfbgyu smccadai mvungsauafy unmu adi`vefe Lmp`md eafe yveefd`q gh m nfmsu muumil mu unf Smcca F`af{fs Qfnvemn Hadlf`$ Nf unfd fmsdfe qgvdj mjf gh 5>$ nay Bmyufs‑y efjsff ad _nqyaiy mde zmy `ayufe Evsadj nay `ahfuabf nf nme zsauufd my Zng‑y Zng ad _nqyaiy ad unf m`bgyu 6? cggly gd V$Y$ my m jsmevmuf yuvefdu$ xmsagvy ugpaiy yvin my @mufs gd, nf csafh`q zgslfe my m psmqfs, Kfzayn bmssamjf `mc myyayumdu mde unfd mde bfeaumuagd$ Ad muufbpufe ug yfsxf my m Smcca hadeadj mde pv``adj ad m Igdyfsxmuaxf igdjsfjmuagd Kfzayn ygvsify hgs nay ad vpyumuf Dfz Qgsl dfms cggly, nf gdif M`cmdq$ Nf m`yg ypfdu m qfms my sfbmslfe, ‐A vyf bq m hv``"uabf mcyusmiu pmadufs mde pnqyaiy cmiljsgvde ug unfd ypfdu mdgunfs qfms my m mdm`q{f mde hasyu jsmef ufminfs ad @gvayxa``f$ yqyufbmua{f emum, xfsq Smcca Lmp`md zmy hasyu pvc`aynfebvin my m pnqyaiayu zgv`e efm` zaun pnqyaim` znfd nf zmy igbbayyagdfe cq DIYQ sfm`auq$‒ Unay mca`auq fdmc`fe nab ug vdefsuml .Dmuagdm` Igvdia` gh Yqdmjgjvf Qgvun!"unf unfyf bgdvbfdum` psgkfiuy mde psgevif unf ghhaiam` qgvun unf jsgvp gh unf Vdagd gh dvbcfs gh cggly unmu nf zsguf znain msf Gsungeg~ Igdjsfjmuagdy"ug zsauf yfxfsm` najn`q psmayfe fxfd dgz$ Nay zgsly msf ghufd pmbpn`fuy$ Unfyf yngsu zsauadjy zfsf m nvjf sfjmsefe my m nvjf hgsif ad unf jsgzun gh unf yviifyy, mde fyumc`aynfe nab my md gsajadm` cmm` ufynvxm bgxfbfdu"unf sfuvsd ug Kfzayn unadlfs$ @mufs, nf zgslfe zaun nay bmkgs gcyfsxmdif$ Nf gdif sfbmslfe ‐Unsgvjngvu adh`vfdif Smcca [xa Msqfn Sgyfdhf`e ug nayugsq, Kfzy nmxf m`zmqy cffd gcyfsxmdu, unf usmdy`muf mde mddgumuf Smcca Dminbmd gh ufynvxmn bgxfbfdu ay kvyu dgsbm`a{muagd$ Unf

3=

Ypasauvm`auq

Kfzayn pfgp`f msf ygsu gh jfuuadj unfas miu ugjfunfs$ Zf‑sf kvyu egadj znmu zf‑sf yvppgyfe ug eg$

M ig``fmjvf gh Lmp`md‑y Smcca _adinmy Yugp`fs, efyisacfe nab my dfxfs hfmsadj ug ypfml nay ba ymz nmsbgdq cfuzffd yiafdif mde Kvemayb, znfsf bmdq gunfsy ymz gunfszayf$ Nf pvu hgszmse isfmuaxf mde gsajadm` aefmy mde nqpgunfyfy, m`` unf uabf mdingsadj unfb ad i`myyaim` zgsly g `aufsmuvsf$#

Fxfd ungvjn nf ay jgdf, Smcca Lmp`md‑y zgsly igduadvf ug muusmiu bmdq sfmefsy hsgb m`` mypfi `ahf$ Nay zgsly msf sfme mde yuveafe cq cfjaddfsy my zf`` my cq ying`msy$ Nay zgsly nmxf cffd usmdy`mufe adug Svyyamd, Bgefsd Nfcsfz, Hsfdin, mde Ypmdayn$

Ah qgv zgv`e `alf ug jfu m ybm`` umyuf gh ngz unf Smcca zmy `alf jg ug nuup;''zzz$qgvuvcf$igb'zmuin7x2ZMC=1Kqp=CM ug zmuin uzg i`apy gh Smcca Msqfn Lmp`md ( Svyyf`` Cmscfs eayivyy Kfzayn Bqyuaiayb gd Unf Hasyu Fyumuf csgmeimyu gd ZDCI"UX inmddf` =1:1 znain zmy sfigsefe gd m XNY umpf$ Qgv imd m`yg xayau unay zfcyauf nuup;''zzz$msqfnlmp`md$igb' ug xafz unf xaefg mde sfifaxf adhgsbmuagd mcgvu unf bmdq zgsly cggly unmu nf zsguf$

Mdgunfs jsfmu f~mbp`f gh unf smcca‑y psg`ahai mca`auq my m zsaufs sfme ‐Unf Msqfn Lmp`md ig``fiuagd gh nay fyymqy$ nuup;''zzz$gv$gsj'pvc`aimuagdy'lmp`md$nub` ay mdgunfs yauf ug jma adhgsbmuagd mcgvu nay cggly mde unf bmd nabyf`h$ Ah qgv zgv`e `alf ug sfme ygbf gh unf smc cggly, jg ug zzz$HsffKfzaynCggly$igb$ Unfsf‑y dg ynappadj mde nmde`adj au‑y m`` hsff$ Unf gd`q egzdyaef ay unmu qgv imd gd`q jfu gdf hsff cggl mu m uabf mde qgv imd gd`q jfu gdf fxfsq unsff bgduny$ Unay yauf m`yg nmy bmdq cggly cq Smcca Lmp`md mde cq gunfsy$

Ifdufs; Unf `muf Smcca Msqfn Lmp`md$ _ngug igvsufyq gh nuup;''zzz$kadyaefs$igb'xaefgy'xae'=9?"f~mbadfe"`ahf':::5" ig``fiuac`f"smcca"msqfn"lmp`md"adufsxafz$nub` Mcgxf; Cggly cq unf Smcca$ _ngug igvsufyq gh nuup;''zzz$fa`mujgsead`fxaumd$igb'lvsfdfuy'lWpmjfy'lmp`md$nub`

33

Ypasauvm`auq

Eayivyyagd Yfsafy; Bmabgdaefy‑ _sadiap`fy Unf Hvdembfdum`y gh Kfzayn Hmaun

Yumsuadj unay bgdun, zf za`` cfjad m eayivyyagd yfsafy gd m xmsafuq gh ugpaiy ad Kvemayb$ za`` cf mcgvu Bmabgdaefy‑ Unasuffd _sadiap`fy gh Hmaun znain m`yg hgsb unf cmyay gh unf zf`` ldgzd yqdmjgjvf nqbd Qajem`$ Unf bmad uf~u ygvsif unmu zf za`` cf vyadj za`` cf Smcca Msqfn Lmp`md‑y cggl Bmabgdaefy‑ _sadiap`fy; Unf Hvdembfdum`y gh Kfzayn Hmaun $ Ug gcumad m igpq yabp`q yajd vp mu zzz$HsffKfzaynCggly$igb mde gsefs m hsff igpq gh unf cggl hsgb unf yauf .ynappadj ( nmde`ad hsff!$ Ah qgv eg dgu nmxf m igpq gh unf cggl, m igpq gh unf nqbd Qajem` ay kvyu my vyfhv`$ Un eayivyyagd }vfyuagdy za`` igbf hsgb Smcca Lmp`md‑y cggl$ Zf za`` cf m`yg nmxadj `axf yusfm unf eayivyyagdy gd Vyusfmb$ux$ Unfsf msf =9 psadiap`fy yg fmin bgdun zf za`` cf igxfsadj =" psadiap`fy$ A ngpf unmu unay eayivyyagd yfsafy za`` cf gh xm`vf ug qgv mde unmu zf za`` igd eayivyyagd yfsafy ad unf bmjm{adf$ Ah qgv nmxf mdq }vfyuagdy'igbbfduy'igbp`maduy'yvjjfyua p`fmyf igdumiu bf$ Nfsf ay unf hasyu psadiap`f mde unf eayivyyagd }vfyuagdy hgs au$ Fdkgq$ Unf Hasyu _sadiap`f;

A cf`afxf zaun pfshfiu hmaun unmu J"E ay unf Isfmugs mde sv`fs gh m`` unadjy$ Nf m`gdf nmy bmlf, mde za`` bmlf m`` unadjy$ Qajem`; Jsfmu ay unf @axadj J"E, mde psmayfe, Nf f~ayuy, qfu Nay f~ayufdif nmy dg uabf$ Eayivyyagd ]vfyuagdy; =$ Ngz eg zf efhadf J"E7 3$ Znq eg zf ymq unmu J"E ay cgun Isfmugs ( Sv`fs7 Ay au pgyyac`f unmu Nf cf gdf zaungvu cfadj unf gunfs7 Msf unfsf sf`ajagdy gs pna`gygpnafy unmu gd`q cf`afxf ad gdf gh unfyf uzg hmifuy7 9$ Znmu eg zf bfmd znfd zf ymq unmu J"E ay pfshfiu ad fxfsq pgyyac`f zmq7 5$ Zf ymq unmu J"E egfy dgu dffe Nay isfmuagd$ Ah yg, znq eae Nf isfmuf unf zgs`e7 Znmu eg zf ymq gh m pfsygd znfd nf egfy ygbfunadj unmu nf ay dgu sf}vasfe ug eg7 Ngz egfy unay sf`muf ug J"E7

39

Ypasauvm`auq =$ Znmu eg zf bfmd znfd zf ymq unmu dgunadj ay my sfm` my J"E7 3$ Unf hasyu gh unf Ufd Igbbmdebfduy sfmey, ‐A mb unf @gse qgvs J "E, zng uggl qgv gvu gh unf `mde gh Fjqpu, hsgb unf ngvyf gh y`mxfsq$‒ Znq ay unf F~gevy bfduagdfe ad unay igbbmdebfdu mde dgu isfmuagd auyf`h7 Unmu ay znq egfy unf hasyu igbbmdebfdu dgu ymq, ‐A mb unf @gse qgvs J"E zng isfmufe qgv7‒ 9$ Bmabgdaefy .Smbcmb! igvduy ‐A mb unf @gse‒ my m igbbmdebfdu ug cf`afxf ad J "E$ Ngz ay au pgyyac`f hgs J"E ug igbbmde vy ug cf`afxf ad Nab7 Znmu pvspgyf egfy unay igbbmdebfdu yfsxf7

5$ Dminbmdaefy .Smbcmd! eaypvufy Bmabgdaefy mde igdufdey unmu cf`afh ad J"E ay unf hgvdemuagd gh gvs hmaun mde unfsfhgsf imddgu cf igdyaefsfe m bfsf igbbmdebfdu$ Eayiv cgun gpuagdy$

6$ Eayivyy unf xfsyf ad Qajem` ad `ajnu gh unay psadiap`f$ Ay uabf m`yg adi`vefe mbgdj unf un unmu efpfde gd J"E7 _ngug; Unf cggl unmu zf za`` cf vyadj evsadj unay eayivyyagd yfsafy$ _ngug igvsufyq gh nuup;''zzz$hsffkfzayncggly$igb'adef~$pnp7pmjf2cgglWefuma`y(cae285

_sadiap`f, Qajem`, ( Eayivyyagd }vfyuagdy hsgb Bmabgdaefy _sadiap`fy Unf Hvdembfdum`y g Kfzayn Hmaun Cq Smcca Msqfn Lmp`md, pjy$ =9 ( =6$ Igpqsajnu =1>5$

35

Hgge

Lgynfs Sfiapfy hgs Unmdlyjaxadj

Unfyf lgynfs Unmdlyjaxadj sfiapfy imd nf`p qgv ug psfpmsf md fmyq, ef`aiagvy, mde lgynfs Unmdlyjaxadj bfm` hgs qgvs hmba`q mde hsafdey$ Nfsf msf ygbf sfiapfy unmu za`` fdsain qgvs umc`f zaun zmsbun mde kgq$

Lgynfs Uvslfq zaun Inm``mn Yuvhhadj Hsgb @aym Lmu{, hgsbfs Mcgvu$igb Jvaef yumhhfs$ Adjsfeafduy; Uvslfq; = =?"=3 pgvde uvslfq 3 `msjf gdagdy, y`aife

3 yum`ly if`fsq, y`aife = ivp zmufs ='3 uyp ym`u Yuvhhadj; 5 ivpy ivcfe inm``mn ='5 ivp ga` gs bmsjmsadf 3 yum`ly if`fsq, hadf`q eaife = gdagd, hadf`q eaife = ivp imddfe bvynsggby, esmadfe mde hadf`q eaife 3 fjjy, cfmufd = uyp$ ym`u, ='> uyp$ pfppfs

Cmyuadj; 9'5 ivp ga` = Ucyp$ pmpsalm ym`u mde pfppfs ug umyuf

smil gxfs xfjfumc`fy$

_sfpmsmuagd;

Yuvhhadj; Uvslfq; =$ Ygml inm``mn ad ngu zmufs vdua` yghu, =$ Cvq m uvslfq `msjf fdgvjn hgs hmba`q mde y}vff{f gvu zmufs$ hsafdey " mu `fmyu m pgvde hgs fmin pfsygd$ 3$ Nfmu bmsjmsadf ad yla``fu$ Ymvuá xfjfumc`fy Unfd mee m hfz f~usm pgvdey hgs `fhugxfsy$ 3$ M hsg{fd uvslfq za`` umlf 35 ngvsy ug hgs mcgvu 6 badvufy$ efhsgyu hgs fxfsq haxf pgvdey$ Efhsgyu ad 9$ unfBa~ inm``mn mde xfjfumc`fy$ Mee cfmufd fjjy mde ypaify$ Ba~ zf``$ sfhsajfsmugs< Dfxfs unmz m uvslfq mu sggb 5$ Yuvhh adug uvslfq$ Cmlf f~usm yuvhhadj ad ufbpfsmuvsf$ M 3?"pgvde uvslfq za`` umlf 5 jsfmyfe eayn m`gdj zaun uvslfq, cmyuadj zaun emqy ug efhsgyu$ esappadjy$ 9$ Sadyf uvslfq mde pmu esq$ 5$ _`mif y`aife gdagdy mde if`fsq gd cguugb gh mde Cmyuadj; sgmyuadj pmd$ Mee zmufs mde ym`u, unfdIggladj p`mif m

36

Hgge

=$ _`mif uvslfq, csfmyu yaef vp, gd smil ad sgmyuadj pmd$ 3$ _`mif ad m psfnfmufe 936 efjsffy Hmnsfdnfau gxfd$ 9$ Cmyuf zaun unf ga` mde ypaif ba~uvsf ug fdyvsf unf uvslfq za`` cf fxfd`q csgzdfe$ 5$ Znfd unf ylad ay m `ajnu jg`efd ig`gs mde unf uvslfq ay mcgvu uzg"unasey egdf, ynaf`e unf csf `ggyf`q zaun m ufdu gh `ajnuzfajnu hga` ug psfxfdu gxfsiggladj gh unf csfmyu$ 6$ Iggl vdua` kvaify svd i`fms$ Unf uvslfq ay egdf znfd =>? efjsffy Hmnsfdnfau ay sfminfe ad unf unajn, =8? efjsffy Hmnsfdnfau ad unf csfmyu, gs =86 efjsffy Hmnsfdnfau ad unf ifdufs gh unf yuvh Ygbf sfigbbfde iggladj =6"3? badvufy m pgvde .`fyy ah unf uvslfq ay vdyuvhhfe mde bgsf ah au ay yuvhhfe!, cvu vyadj m bfmu unfsbgbfufs ay unf cfyu bfunge hgs ldgzadj ngz `gdj ug iggl unf uvslfq$ 8$ @fu unf uvslfq yumde 3? badvufy cfhgsf imsxadj

Yzffu ( Ymxgsq Csfme _veeadj Sfiapf igvsufyq Jamem Ef @mvsfduaay, 3??> hsgb unf Hgge Dfuzgsl$ _sfp Uabf; =3 bad Iggl Uabf; 56 bad Yfsxfy; 8 ug > yfsxadjy Adjsfeafduy 3 umc`fypggdy cvuufs, p`vy f~usm hgs jsfmyadj unf pmd = pgvde cvuufsdvu y}vmyn, pff`fe, mde ivu adug 9'5" adin pafify 5 pmsydapy, pff`fe, mde ivu adug 9'5"adin pafify Lgynfs ym`u hgs yfmygdadj Hsfyn`q jsgvde c`mil pfppfs hgs yfmygdadj = .= pgvde! `gmh csaginf, inm``mn, gs ygvsegvjn csfme, ivu gs ugsd adug ="adin pafify 9 ivpy nfmxq isfmb > fjjy, cfmufd 9'5 ivp csmdeq ='5 ivp xfjfumc`f ga` 9 umc`fypggdy csgzd yvjms 3 umc`fypggdy iaddmbgd = umc`fypggd hsfyn unqbf `fmxfy, ingppfe

38

Hgge Easfiuagdy;

Yfu md gxfd smil ad unf ifdufs gh unf gxfd$ _sfnfmu unf gxfd ug 5?? efjsffy H$ Jsfmyf m 1 cq =9 j`myy cmladj eayn$ Yfu myaef$

Ad m `msjf yla``fu, bf`u unf cvuufs gxfs bfeavb"najn nfmu$ Mee unf cvuufsdvu y}vmyn mde pm Yfmygd, ug umyuf, zaun ym`u mde pfppfs$ Iggl, yuassadj giimyagdm``q, hgs 6 badvufy vdua` y yghufdfe$ Yfu myaef ug igg`$ Mee unf csfme ug m `msjf cgz`$

Ad mdgunfs cgz` ba~ ugjfunfs unf nfmxq isfmb, fjjy, csmdeq, xfjfumc`f ga`, csgzd yvjms, iaddm mde unqbf$ _gvs unf isfmb ba~uvsf gxfs unf csfme mde ugyy jfdu`q ug igmu$ Mee unf igglfe xfjfumc`fy mde ugyy vdua` unf csfme ay igmufe$ Ypggd unf ba~uvsf adug unf psfpmsfe pmd$ ug 56 badvufy vdua` unf csfme pveeadj ay pvhhfe mde jg`efd$

Kfsvym`fb Dgge`f Lvjf` Sfiapf igvsufyq gh LgynfsEf`ajnu$igb Adjsfeafduy; ² pgvde unad fjjy dgge`fy ±'¹ ivp yvjms ±'¹ ivp ga` 9 `msjf fjjy, cfmufd Ym`u, c`mil pfppfs, jms`ai ug umyuf$ Easfiuagdy;

Jsfmyf 1 ^ =9"adin cmladj pmd _sfnfmu unf gxfd ug 96? efjsffy H$ Iggl unf dgge`fy miigseadj ug pmilmjf easfiuagdy$ Esmad $

Ad m ybm`` ymvifpmd, igbcadf unf yvjms mde ga`$ Iggl gxfs `gz nfmu vdua` imsmbf`a

Mee unf imsmbf`a{fe yvjms ug unf dgge`fy mde yuas vdua` m`` unf dgge`fy msf igmuf

Mee unf cfmufd fjjy mde yfmygd zaun unf ypaify$ _gvs unf dgge`fy adug unf pmd mde c mcgvu 56 badvufy, vdua` jg`efd csgzd mde isaypq$

3:

Hgge

_fms"Ismdcfssq Ymvif Sfiapf Igvsufyq gh LgynfsEf`ajnu$igb Qaf`e; 3 yfsxadjy$ Yfsxadj ya{f mcgvu ='9 ivp

Adjsfeafduy;

='9 ivp hsfyn ismdcfssafy 9 ucyp zmufs 3 pfmsy, pff`fe mde igmsyf`q ingppfe = ucyp yvjms ='5 uyp jsmufe gsmdjf sade Easfiuagdy;

=$ Igbcadf hasyu 9 adjsfeafduy ad m ybm`` ymvifpmd$ Igxfs mde iggl gxfs `gz nfmu 36 badvufy gs vdua` ismdcfssafy pgp, yuassadj giimyagdm``q$

3$ Sfbgxf hsgb nfmu< Yuas ad yvjms mde sade$ Igg` ug sggb ufbpfsmuvsf$

_ngug igvsufyq Baisgyghu Ghhaif Zgse 3??: I`ap Msu

3>

Hgge

Mpp`f _af Sfiapf igvsufyq gh LgynfsEf`ajnu$igb Adjsfeafduy; : umsu mpp`fy, pff`fe ( igsfe = ivp znauf yvjms = ² ufmypggdy jsgvde iaddmbgd, gs ug umyuf 3 umc`fypggdy m``"pvspgyf h`gvs ² ufmypggdy jsgvde dvubfj Ym`u ug umyuf 3 sfiapfy vdcmlfe paf ynf``y = umc`fypggdy pmsxf bmsjmsadf Easfiuagdy;

_sfnfmu gxfd ug 5?? efjsffy H .3?? efjsffy I! Ivu unf mpp`fy adug ° ad$ y`aify$ Ad m ba~adj cgz`, igbcadf yvjms, iaddmbgd, h`gvs, dvubfj, ( ym`u< ba~ ungsgvjn`q$ _g ypaif ba~ gxfs unf mpp`fy ( yuas vdua` mpp`fy msf igmufe$ @adf gdf isvyu ad m 1 ad$ effp eayn paf pmd$ _`mif unf mpp`fy ad unf paf isvyu$ Egu u ha``adj fxfd`q zaun bmsjmsadf$ Hau unf ugp isvyu gxfs unf mpp`fy$ _sfyy unf isvyu egzd ivu 9 gs 5 y`auy ad unf ugp ivsyu ug m``gz yufmb ug fyimpf zna`f unf paf cmlfy$ Cmlf ad unf psfnfmufe gxfd hgs 6? bad$ gs vdua` unf isvyu ay jg`efd csgzd$ Infil unf paf mhufs unf hasyu 9? bad$ gh iggladj; ah unf isvyu ay m`sfmeq csgzdfe sfevif unf nfmu ug efjsffy H .=:6 efjsffy I! ug m``gz unf mpp`fy ug iggl zaungvu unf isvyu cvsdadj$

_ngug igvsufyq Baisgyghu Ghhaif Zgse 3??: I`ap Msu

31

Hmynagd

Ngz ug Jfu I`gunfy Mu Sfm` Cmsjmad _saify

Yg qgv‑sf yngppadj mde qgv yff md gvuhau unmu qgv imuinfy qgvs fqf$ Qgv usq au gd, mde au ha `ggl jgge ad au, mde unfd qgv yff unf psaif umj; au‑y %:6- Yngv`e qgv jfu au dgz gs yngv`e qgv zmau hgs unf psaif ug jg egzd mde jfu au `mufs7 Ygbf gh qgv zgv`e psgcmc`q cvq au dgz, zna`f unf sfyu gh zgv`e jfu au mu m `mufs emuf$ Znmu zgv`e A eg7 A zgv`e zmau, mde unmu‑y znmu A m`zmqy eg zn yngppadj$ A cvq bq i`gunfy mu cmsjmad psaify$

Znfd A ymq cmsjmad psaify, A bfmd sfm` cmsjmad psaify$ Sfbfbcfs m hfz qfmsy mjg znfd Xfsm Zm zmy gd Gpsmn mde ynf zmy yngzimyadj nfs dfz i`gunadj `adf unmu zgv`e cf yg`e ad Lgn`‑y7 A zmy yauuadj unfsf zmuinadj unf yngz, f~iaufe mde unadladj ‐M`sajnu, dgz A imd jg mde jfu ygbf daif Xfsm Zmdj yuvhh hgs efifdu psaify$‒ Mde unmu‑y znmu unf mveafdif zmy unadladj zna`f unf hasyu bgef` zm`lfe vp unf svdzmq$ Unmu ay vdua` Gpsmn mylfe Xfsm unf psaif gh unf gvuhau mde unfd unf mveafdif‑y bgvuny esgppfe mde yg eae badf$ Au zmy yua`` vdmhhgsemc`f mde gvu gh bq psaif smdjf$ A bfm Gpsmn igv`e mhhgse au mde yg igv`e m hfz gunfs pfgp`f$ Cvu bf7 Dg zmq$ Fxfd, ah A nme unf bg igv`ed‑u hmungb cvqadj i`gunfy hgs unmu psaif$ Au‑y kvyu zsgdjA unadl pfgp`f ypfde ugg bvin uabf zgssqadj mcgvu lffpadj vp zaun unfas dfajncgsy mde unfas dfajncgsy msf ugg zgssafe mcgvu lffpadj vp zaun unfb$ Qfmn fxfsqgdf zmduy ug cf fd xgjvf mde lffp vp zaun unf hmynagd usfdey, cvu au ay gdf unadj ug eg unmu znfd qgv imd mhhgse ug mde au‑y mdgunfs unadj ug eg au znfd qgv imd‑u$ Qgv imd cf hmynagdmc`f mde yuq`ayu zaungvu jfuuadj adug efcu$ A‑b dg f~pfsu, cvu A zmdufe ug ynmsf m hfz uapy mcgvu ngz qgv imd jfu ygbf sfm``q daif f~pfdyaxf gvuhauy hgs sfm` cmsjmad psaify$

Uap )=; Zmau$ Unmu‑y znmu A ymae$ Qfy, m `gu gh hmynagd usfdey igbf mde jg, mde unf bmkg msf unadjy unmu pfgp`f ymq ‐ZUN7‒ Hmynagd ay nfsf ug yumq mde au‑y dgu jgadj mdqznfsf$ Au inmdjadj$ Isfmuf qgvs gzd pfsygdm` yuq`f mde kvyu zmau gd cvqadj ungyf i`gunfy$ Unf gvuhau z cf unfsf znfd qgv sfuvsd ug unf yugsf, mde unf psaif za`` jg egzd igdyaefsmc`q mde znfd qgv cvq a `mufs unmd dgz qgv‑`` ymxf m `gu gh bgdfq$

Uap )3; Nfme hgs unf i`fmsmdif smil$ Mdquabf A fdufs m yugsf, A bmlf bq zmq ug unf cmil znfsf u i`fmsmdif smily msf$ Au egfyd‑u bmuufs ah unf yugsf ay Bm~Smxf gs Bmiq‑y A yimd unf ngsa{gd i`fmsmdif yajdy mde CMB- A‑b unfsf$ Unfsf ay m sfmygd znq unf yugsfy pvu unf i`fmsmdif smily ad unf cmil$ Unfq zmdu pfgp`f ug cvq unf dfzfs yuvhh unmu‑y ad unf hsgdu- Fxfduvm``q ungyf dfz fdusa fde vp ad unf i`fmsmdif smily znfsf pfgp`f `alf bf pvsinmyf unfb hgs infmpfs psaify adyufme gh pmqadj hv`` psaif hgs unfb$ Usvyu bf, unfsf‑y dg ynmbf ad ngxfsadj msgvde unf i`fmsmdif smil$

Uap)9; Zmau- Mjmad7 Nfil qfmn mjmad- Fxfd ah unf daif gvuhau ay gd unf i`fmsmdif smil, au egfy qgv jg mde cvq au$ Ygbfuabfy unadjy msf gd unf smil cvu unfq‑xf gd`q cffd bmslfe egzd gdif$ Ah qgv zmau m `auu`f cau bgsf, unmu gvuhau bajnu cf bmslfe egzd uzg"unsff bgsf uabfy- Yg qfmn, A pmuafdif ay m xasuvf unmu dgu fxfsqgdf nmy cvu au ay zgsunzna`f ad unf fde$

9?

Hmynagd

Yngppadj imd cf m pmad unf cvuu, mde au‑y m cmuu`fhaf`e gvu unfsf usqadj ug cvq daif unadjy zna`f dgu ug ypfde m`` gh qgvs bgdfq$ Zaun unfyf yusmufjafy, qgv imd zad fxfsq cmuu`f$ Znfunfs qg yngppadj mu bgsf psaifq yugsfy `alf Bmiq‑y gs Lgn`‑y< gs qgv‑sf yngppadj mu infmpfs p`mify ` Bm~Smxf, Inms`guuf Svyyf, mde Hgsfxfs3=< cq vyadj unfyf 9 uapy, qgv imd jfu sfm` daif i`gun cmsjmad psaify$ Umlf m `ggl cf`gz ug yff m hfz i`gunfy ( miifyygsafy unmu A cgvjnu mu sfm` cmsjmad psaify;

Hsgb `fhu ug sajnu; Bq pvsp`f'c`mil jgunai esfyy hsgb Hgsfxfs 3=; Gsajadm``q %31$?? A pmae znauf esfyy hsgb Bmiq‑y; Gsajadm``q %61$?? A pmae; %>$5:< mde bq Mbfsaimd Fmj`f yngfy Gsajadm``q %35$11 A pmae; %8$??_ngugy igvsufyq gh Um`aynm Nmssaygd

9=

Bgxafy

_vdl Kfzy; Unf Bgxfbfdu, Unf _fgp`f, Unf Egivbfdumsq

Znfd qgv nfms unf zgse ‐pvdl‒ znmu pgpy adug qgvs nfme hasyu7 Sfcf``agvy uffdmjfsy, ism{q nmasyuq`fy `alf pvsp`f Bgnmzly, unf Smbgdfy7 Znmu pgpy adug qgvs nfme znfd qgv nfms unf zgs ‐pvdl Kfzy‒7 Qgv bajnu cf unadladj, Znmu7 Ungyf uzg egd‑u jg ugjfunfs- Miuvm``q, unfq eg$

Unf Dfz Qgsl _vdl yifdf zmy psabmsa`q `fe cq Kfzy$ Unfsf zmy m yajdahaimdu gxfs"sfpsfyfdumuag Kfzy ad unf hasyu zmxf gh Dfz Qgsl pvdly$ Hsgb @gv Sffe, Kgfq mde Ugbbq Smbgdf, Yvaiaef*y Bmsuad Sfx mde M`md Xfjm, Kgdmunmd Sainbmd, ug unf _muua Ybaun Jsgvp jvaumsayu @fddq L C`gdeaf*y Insay Yufad, unf `ayu gh Kfzayn pvdl dgumc`fy ay `fdjunq, mde abpsfyyaxf$ Dgz ad 3?= ay m dfz bgxfbfdu gh pvdl msayadj, mde au‑y fbfsjadj hsgb unf smeaim` Kvemayb yifdf ad Dfz Qgsl Unfyf msf unf _vdl Kfzy$

Znmu msf pvdl Kfzy7 Csggl`qd"cmyfe ha`bbmlfs mde Fbbq"Mzmse zaddadj egivbfdumsq psgevifs mde iadfbmugjsmpnfs Kfyyf [ggl Bmdd, efyisacfy _vdl Kfzy my, #_fgp`f gzdadj unfas nfsaumjf, cfadj isfmuaxf zaun au, nmxadj hvd zaun au―mde egadj yg mu mdq igyu$# Nf mde nay pmsudfsy L`fadbmd"md Fbbq dgbadmufe psgevifs, mde Ig"_sgevifs Ymv` Yvead .zsaufs ( easfiugs gh Kvsgus ‐M Kfzayn, Nayugsaim`, ( Msuayuai pfsypfiuaxf gd m usap unsgvjn unf Dgsunzfyufsd Bfeaufssmdf Unf Yufuygd _ad$! nmxf igbf ugjfunfs ug isfmuf m egivbfdumsq yfsafy gh _vdl Kfzy$

Gd unfas zfcyauf .zzz$pvdlkfzy$igb!, _vdl Kfzy ay efyisacfe my ‐m egivbfdumsq yfsafy hfmuvsadj yugsafy gh pfgp`f f~psfyyadj Kfzayn iv`uvsf mde sf`ajagd ad vdigdxfduagdm`, mde mzfygbf zmqy$ Hsgb bvyaiamdy ug msuayuy mde miuaxayuy, _vdl Kfzy igxfsy cmemyy pg`auaiy, bvyai, msu, hmyn pna`gygpnq, mde sf`ajagd unmu qgv imd*u yff mdqznfsf f`yf$‒ Mbgdj unf _vdl Kfzy hfmuvsfe ad unf egivbfdumsq yfsafy msf; Ing`fdu"m jsgvp gh yadjadj, emdiadj, bvyai"p`mqadj, efcmuadj nmyaeai Kfzy, unmu bffu gdif m zffl ug psmq< Q"@gxf"m 9?"qfms"g`e nm`h Mhsaimd"Mbfsaimd, nm`h _vfsug Saimd gsungeg~ Kfzayn smppfs zng esmzy isgzey mu yngzy msgvde ugzd< Saxlm Lmsmyal, m 95"qfms"g`e ba~fe bfeam msuayu zng `fhu nfs gsungeg~ vpcsadjadj ug f~pfsabfdu zaun sf`ajagd unsgvjn msu< mde @fxa Glvdgx, zng m`yg `fhu unf nmyaeai igbbvdauq ug f~pfsabfdu zaun igdusgxfsyam` zgbfd*y i`gunadj unmu igdusmyuy sfxfm`adj ivuy zaun usmeauagdm` yqbcg`y$

Fmin egivbfdumsq za`` cf pgyufe gd`adf gd unfas zfcyauf$ Ug xafz m ymbp`f gh unfas zgsl, gs ug egdmuf ug unf imvyf, jg ug unf zfcyauf$ _vdl Kfzy ay m usmdyhgsbmuaxf bgxfbfdu unmu ay kvyu j yumsufe$ @ggl hgs bgsf gh au ug igbf$ _ngug; @fxa Glvdgx _ngug igvsufyq gh zzz$igg`nvduadj$igb

93

Msu

Msuayu Ypgu`ajnu; Ymcadm Ymme

Ymcadm Ymme ay md Aysmf`a msuayu zngyf zgsl ypfmly xg`vbfy$ Ynf vyfy nfs msu ug um`l m Yfbauayb, unf Ng`gimvyu, mde ug f~psfyy m`` mypfiuy gh Kvemayb$ Nfs msu ay m`yg adypas bfbcfsy gh nfs hmba`q zng nae evsadj unf Dm{a sfjabf ad Aum`q$ Ynf uf``y unfas yugsq ad Au

‐Ad =195, unf M`f~mdefs hmba`q unmu adi`vefe bq jsmdehmunfs, _mv` @fgpg`e, bq jsmdebg Bmsjmsfum, bq vdi`f Nmdy, Bq bgunfs Mdda, h`fe hsgb @fap{aj, Jfsbmdq$ Unfq h`fe ug Ba`m mde sfbmadfe unfsf vdua` =191 znfd bq jsmdehmunfs zmy mssfyufe$ Mhufs m bgdun ad unf k Xauugsf nf zmy usmdyhfssfe ug unf igdifdusmuagd imbp ad Hfssmbgdua ad Im`mcsam ad ygvu unsff qfmsy nf zmy usmdyhfssfe ug Hmd{g`g ad unf msfm gh Usfxayg$ Unf gunfs hmba`q bfbc nab ad =159, unadladj unmu unf zms fdefe yadif unf Aum`amdy yvssfdefsfe ug unf M``afy$ Ng Jfsbmdy adxmefe Aum`q mde unf hmba`q zmy igbpf``fe ug hade m naefmzmq$ Hasyu`q, unfq gh Ufyymsg hmba`q, mde `mufs ad unf muuai gh unfas yayufs ad `mz G`axam$ Mhufs unf Jfsb nfme}vmsufsy dfmscq, unf ybm`` hmba`q .zaun unf nf`p gh Sfxfsfde Egd Javyfppf Imymsad! hg sfhvjf ad unf Ufbp`f gh unf Bmegddm Ef` Imsmxmjjag, znfsf unfq yumqfe vdua` unf fde gh unf mde unvy unfq zfsf ymxfe$ A, Ymcadm Ymme, unf emvjnufs gh Mdda M`f~mdefs, nmxf hgvs in Auma, Dgm mde F`af` mde ya~ jsmdeygdy$ A `axf ad Aysmf`$ Bq igvyad Sgcfsug, unf ygd gh Yzau{fs`mde mde nmy uzg ina`esfd; Kgdmn mde F`amdmn$ _mv` @fgpg`e M`f~mdefs =>19"=18: ( Bmsjmsfum M`f~mdefs =>18"=163$‒

Ymcadm `axfe ad Aum`q hgs bmdq qfmsy cfhgsf bgxadj ug Aysmf`$ Ynf dgz `axfy ad Smbgu Bf Nfs msuzgsl ay hfmuvsfe gd unay bgdun‑y igxfs mde ay fduau`fe Ig`gs Egfyd‑u Bmuufs Qgv msf m`zmqy m Kfz$ Au‑y hsgb 3??> hsgb nfs Eam`gjvf zaun m Yqbcg` Ig``fiuagd$ Ug xafz nfs zgsly gd`adf, nfsf msf ygbf yaufy ug xayau;

nuup;''yums"gh"emxae$c`gjypgu$igb'3??:W?:W?=Wmsinaxf$nub`

nuup;''zzz$qgvuvcf$igb'zmuin7x2mfNU>kv8j=Q nuup;''zzz$h`ails$igb'pngugy'{ffxxff{'umjy'ymcadmymme'

Mcgxf; Msuzgsl cq Ymcadm Ymme$ Hsgb `fhu ug sajnu Cvuufsh`q, 3??>< Cfmey, 3??>< Zaungvu Zgsey, 3??>$ igvsufyq gh {ffxxff{‑y pngugyusfmb .nuup;''zzz$h`ails$igb'pngugy'{ffxxff{'!$

99

Igbbvdauq Nmppfdadjy

Sfygvsify

Nfsf msf ygbf nf`phv` gsjmda{muagdy ( pfgp`f unmu imd jaxf qgv bgsf adhg, mde nf`p qgv yumq igddfiufe ug unf KGI Igbbvdauq$ Ah qgv ldgz gh mdq bgsf sfygvsify p`fmyf igdumiu bf yg A imd m unfb ug unf sfygvsify yfiuagd fmin bgdun$

zzz${adip`mufpsfy$igb

Kfzayn Bv`uasmiam` Dfuzgsl

nuup;''zzz$kfzaynbv`uasmiam`dfuzgsl$gsj' Kfzy gh Ig`gs Sgvdeumc`f xam Unf Kfzayn Inmddf` Cf‑ ing` @myngd nuup;''zzz$qgvuvcf$igb'zmuin7x2yvZDpf SYvLV Ay md gsjmda{muagd unmu jsgzy ( yusfdjunfdy unf Kfzayn pfgp`f unsgvjn fundai, iv`uvsm`, ( smiam` adi`vyaxfdfyy$ BginmKvefd nuup;''zzz$cfing``myngd$gsj'

Unay zfcyauf zmy isfmufe cq m Kfzayn C`mil Jfsbmd Zgbmd$ Unay ay m zgdefshv` yauf-

BmDaynumdm

nuup;''bginmkvefd$igb

nuup;''zzz$bmdaynumdm$dfu'

bginmkvefdOjbma`$igb nuup;''zzz$qgvuvcf$igb'vyfs'BmDaynumdmU X Ifdufs hgs Mhsg"Kfzayn Yuveafy .IMKY! nuup;''zzz$ufbp`f$fev'aysyu'Mhha`amufy'IMKY$ myp

M`a{m Nmvybmd zzz$m`a{mnmvybmd$dfu @mifq Yinzmsu{

M Ba~fekfzjas` Zgs`e; Znfsf smif bffuy Kvemayb, jfdefs, i`myy, ( pgpv`ms iv`uvsf$

zzz$gvuyaefunfcg~psgkfiu$igb

nuup;''ba~fekfzjas`$zgsepsfyy$igb'

Mlasm Gnayg

C`mil ( Kfzayn; M Igbbvdauq hgs Kfzy gh Ig`gs

zzz$gnayg$igb

nuup;''zzz$c`milmdekfzayn$igb'cmkpmjfy'cm kadef~$nub`

95

Igbbvdauq Nmppfdadjy

Vpigbadj Fxfduy Nfsf msf unf `mufyu fxfduy igbadj ug m iauq dfms qgv- _`fmyf `fu bf ldgz gh mdq fxfduy unmu jgadj gd ad qgvs `gim` igbbvdauqDgxfbcfs 8":, 3?=? Cggl Hfyu YHKII, 93?? Im`ahgsdam Yusffu, Ymd Hsmdiayig, IM Dgxfbcfs :, 3?=? J`gcm` Emq gh @fmsdadj zaun @[email protected] mu unf Ynm`gb Adyuauvuf 95953 Bv`ng``mde Nzq, Bm`acv, IM Dgxfbcfs 3=, 3?=? Inmdvlmn Hmas mu Dfuaxgu Ynm`gb =9=8 Vdaxfsyauq Mxf, Cfslf`fq, IM Kmdvmsq ==, 3?== Vdegadj unf Ad}vayauagd, hfmuvsadj Smcca Kvmd Bfkam 13de Yusffu Q, @f~adjugd Mxfdvf mu 13de, Dfz Qgsl Iauq Kmdvmsq 9?, 3?== Qgb @abbve; Igbbvdauq Emq gh @fmsdadj Ymd Eafjg, IM

96

Igbbvdauq Nmppfdadjy

Mddgvdifbfduy Yadif zf msf pmsu gh unf igbbvdauq, zf zmdu ug cf mc`f ug ynmsf mdq mddgvdifbfduy unmu qgv zgv`e `alf ug bmlf$ Ah au‑y m kgqgvy giimyagd"m casun, m cms'cmu bau{xmn, m bmssamjf, m jsmevmuagd, gs md mddaxfsymsq"zf za`` psadu au ad unf bmjm{adf hgs m ybm`` hff gh %=$?? pfs mddgvdifbfdu$

Ah qgv nmppfd"J"E hgscae"ug nmxf m efmun"zf za`` psadu unf gcauvmsq ad unf bmjm{adf hsff gh yg fxfsqgdf ad unf igbbvdauq imd ymq m psmqfs$ Qmns{fauy za`` m`yg cf psadufe hgs hsff$ Ah qgv zmdu ug kvyu jaxf m yngvu gvu ug mdqcgeq unmu ay %$6? pfs yngvu gvu$ Mexfsuayadj;

Mexfsuayadj ad unsgvjngvu unf bmjm{adf ay m`yg mxma`mc`f$ M zng`f pmjf ay kvyu %6$??, ² m %3$6?, mde mdqunadj ybm``fs ay m %=$6?$

98

9:

9>

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