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CA 141

CHAPTER VII
JUDICIAL CONFIRMATION OF IMPERFECT OR INCOMPLETE TITLES

Section47. The persons specified in the next following section are hereby granted time, not to
extend beyond December 31, 1987 within which to take advantage of the benefit of this chapter:
Provided, That this extension shall apply only where the area applied for does not exceed 144
hectares. Provided, further, That the several periods of time designated by the President in
accordance with section forty-five of this Act shall apply also to the lands comprised in the
provisions of this chapter, but this section shall not be construed as prohibiting any of said
persons from acting under this chapter at any time prior to the period fixed by the President.

Section48. The following-described citizens of the Philippines, occupying lands of the public
domain or claiming to own any such lands or an interest therein, but whose titles have not been
perfected or completed, may apply to the Court of First Instance of the province where the land
is located for confirmation of their claims and the issuance of a certificate of title therefor, under
the Land Registration Act , to wit:

(a) Those who prior to the transfer of sovereignty from Spain to the prior United States have
applied for the purchase, composition or other form of grant of lands of the public domain under
the laws and royal decrees then in force and have instituted and prosecuted the proceedings in
connection therewith, but have with or without default upon their part, or for any other cause, not
received title therefor, if such applicants or grantees and their heirs have occupied and cultivated
said lands continuously since the filing of their applications.

(b) Those who by themselves or through their predecessors in interest have been in open,
continuous, exclusive, and notorious possession and occupation of agricultural lands of the
public domain, under a bona fide claim of acquisition or ownership, for at least thirty years
immediately preceding the filing of the application for confirmation of title except when
prevented by war or force majeure. These shall be conclusively presumed to have performed all
the conditions essential to a Government grant and shall be entitled to a certificate of title under
the provisions of this chapter.

(c) Members of the national cultural minorities who by themselves or through their predecessorsin-interest have been in open, continuous, exclusive and notorious possession and occupation of
lands of the public domain suitable to agriculture, whether disposable or not, under a bona fide
claim of ownership for at least 30 years shall be entitled to the rights granted in sub-section (b)
hereof.

REPUBLIC ACT No. 1942
AN ACT TO AMEND SUBSECTION (b) OF SECTION FORTY-EIGHT OF
COMMONWEALTH ACT NUMBERED ONE HUNDRED FORTY-ONE, OTHERWISE
KNOWN AS THE PUBLIC LAND ACT.
Section 1. Subsection (b) of section forty-eight of Commonwealth Act Numbered One hundred
forty-one, otherwise known as the Public Land Act, is amended to read as follows:
"(b) Those who by themselves or through their predecessors in interest have been in
open, continuous, exclusive, and notorious possession and occupation of agricultural
lands of the public domain, under a bona fide claim of acquisition of ownership, for at
least thirty years immediately preceding the filing of the application for confirmation of
title except when prevented by war or force majeure. These shall be conclusively
presumed to have performed all the conditions essential to a Government grant and shall
be entitled to a certificate of title under the provisions of this chapter."
Section 2. This Act shall take effect upon its approval.
Approved: June 22, 1957
(MERELY ADDED THE ‘AT LEAST 30 YEARS)

PRESIDENTIAL DECREE NO 1073
EXTENDING THE PERIOD OF FILING APPLICATIONS FOR ADMINISTRATIVE
LEGALIZATION (FREE PATENT) AND JUDICIAL CONFIRMATION OF
IMPERFECT AND INCOMPLETE TITLES TO ALIENABLE AND DISPOSABLE
LANDS IN THE PUBLIC DOMAIN UNDER CHAPTER VII AND CHAPTER VIII OF
COMMONWEALTH ACT NO. 141, AS AMENDED, FOR ELEVEN (11) YEARS
COMMENCING JANUARY 1, 1977

WHEREAS, under the provisions of Section 45, Chapter VII and Section 47, Chapter VII,
Commonwealth Act No. 141, as amended, otherwise known as the Public Land Act, the period
fixed in the entire Archipelago for filing applications for free patent and judicial confirmation of
imperfect and incomplete title to alienable and disposable lands of the public domain will expire
on December 31, 1976;
WHEREAS, there is still a substantial number of Filipino citizens and member of the National
Cultural Communities who are entitled to the benefits of the aforementioned law but have not
been able to take advantage of the period for filing their application because the lands occupied
and settled by them have not been surveyed or they are located in municipalities that have not
been reached by the cadastral survey program of the government; and
WHEREAS, it has always been the policy of the State to hasten the settlement, adjudication and
quieting of titles to unregistered lands including alienable and disposable lands of the public
domain in favor of qualified Filipino citizens who have acquired inchoate, imperfect and
incomplete titles thereto by reason of their open, continuous, exclusive and notorious occupation
and cultivation thereof under bonafide claim of acquisition of ownership for a number of years
prescribed by law:
NOW, THEREFORE, I, FERDINAND E. MARCOS, President of the Philippines, by virtue of
the powers vested in me by the Constitution, do hereby decree as part of the law of the land, the
following:
Section 1. Section 45, Chapter VII, of Commonwealth Act No. 141, as amended is hereby
further amended to read as follows:
"Sec. 45. The President of the Philippines (Prime Minister), upon recommendation of the
Secretary of Natural Resources, shall from time to time fix by proclamation the period which
applications for free patents may be filed in the district, chartered city, province, municipality or
region specified in such proclamation, and upon the expiration of the period so designated,
unless the same be extended by the President (Prime Minister) all the land compromised within
such district, chartered city, province, municipality or region subject thereto under the provisions
of this chapter may disposed of as agricultural public land without prejudice to the prior right of
the occupant and cultivator to acquire such land under this Act by means other than free patent.
The time to be fixed in the entire Archipelago for the filing of applications under this Chapter
shall not extend beyond December 31, 1987, except in the provinces of Agusan del Norte,
Agusan, del Sur, Cotabato, South Cotabato, Bukidnon, Lanao, del Norte, Lanao del Sur, Davao,
del Norte, Davao del Sur, Davao Oriental, Sulu, Mt. Province, Benguet, Kalinga-Apayao, and
Ifugao where the President of the Philippines, upon recommendation of the Secretary of Natural
Resources, shall determine or fix the time beyond which the filing of applications under this
Chapter shall not extend. The period fixed for any district, chartered city, province, or

municipality shall begin to run thirty days after the publication of the proclamation in the Official
Gazette and if available in on newspaper or general circulation in the city, province or
municipality concerned. A certified copy of said proclamation shall be furnished by the Secretary
of Natural Resources within 30 days counted from the date of the presidential proclamation to
the Director of Lands and to the provincial board, the municipal board or city council and
barangay council affected, and copies thereof shall be posted on the bulletin board of the bureau
of Lands at Manila and at conspicuous places in the provincial building and at the municipal
building and barangay hall or meeting place. It shall moreover, be announced by government
radio whenever available, in each of the barrios of the municipality."
Section 2. Section 47, Chapter VIII, of Commonwealth Act No. 141, as amended, is hereby
further amended to read as follows:
"Sec. 47. The persons specified in the next following section are hereby granted time, not to
extend beyond December 31, 1987 within which to take advantage of the benefit of this chapter:
Provided, That this extension shall apply only where the area applied for does not exceed 144
hectares: Provided, further, That the several periods of time designated by the President in
accordance with section forty-five of this Act shall apply also to the lands comprised in the
provisions of this chapter, but this section shall not be construed as prohibiting any time prior to
the period fixed by the President."
Section 3. The judicial confirmation of incomplete titles to public land based on unperfected
Spanish grants such as application for the purchase, composition or other forms of grant of lands
of the public domain under the laws and royal decrees in force prior to the transfer or sovereignty
from Spain to the United States shall no longer be allowed. However, this Section shall not be
construed as prohibiting any person claiming the same land from acting under Section 48(b) and
Section 48(c) if he meets the conditions prescribed for judicial confirmation of his incomplete
title thereunder.
Section 4. The provisions of Section 48(b) and Section 48(c), Chapter VIII of the Public Land
Act are hereby amended in the sense that these provisions shall apply only to alienable and
disposable lands of the public domain which have been in open, continuous, exclusive and
notorious possession and occupation by the applicant himself or thru his predecessor-in-interest,
under a bonafide claim of acquisition of ownership, since June 12, 1945.
Section 5. Any law or executive order or part thereof contrary to or inconsistent with this Decree
is hereby amended or repealed accordingly.
Section 6. This Decree shall take effect upon its promulgation.

Done in the City of Manila, this 25th of January, in the year of Our Lord, nineteen hundred and
seventy-seven.
MAG PD 1529 KA NA!

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