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money market and capital market

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Functions and Working of  institutions operating in money market and capital market in India Nikhil Kumar Khandelwal Nirmal Maheshwari Onkar prasad Pawan singh Pragati singh

Financial System 

An

institutional framework existing in a country to enable financial transactions



Three main parts  





Financial assets (loans, deposits, bonds, equities, etc.) Financial institutions (banks, mutual m utual funds, insurance companies, etc.) Financial markets (money market, capital market, forex market, etc.)

Regulation is another aspect of the financial system (RBI, SEBI, IRD A, FMC)

Financial Institutions 





Includes institutions and mechanisms which 

Affect

generation of savings by the community



Mobilisation of savings



Effective distribution of savings

Institutions are banks, insurance companies, mutual funds- promote/mobilise savings Individual investors, industrial and trading companies- borrowers

Financial Markets 

Money Market- for short-term funds (less than a year)  



Organised (Banks) Unorganised (money lenders, chit funds, etc.)

Capital Market- for long-term funds   

Primary Issues Market Stock Market Bond Market

Organised

Money Market



Call money market



Bill Market

 



Treasury bills



Commercial bills

Bank loans (short-term) Organised money market comprises RBI, banks (commercial and co-operative)

Call 





Money Market Participants

Those who can both borrow and lend in the market ± RBI (through L AF), banks and primary dealers Once upon a time, select financial institutions viz., IDBI, UTI, Mutual funds were allowed in the call money market only on the lender¶s side These were phased out and call money market is now a pure inter-bank market (since  August 2005)

Developments

in Money

Market 







Prior to mid-1980s participants depended heavily on the call money market The volatile nature of the call money market led to the activation of the Treasury Bills market to reduce dependence on call money Emergence of market repo and collateralised borrowing and lending obligation (CBLO) instruments Turnover in the call money market declined from Rs. 35,144 crore in 2001-02 to Rs. 14,170 crore in 2004-05 before rising to Rs. 21,725 crore in 2006-07

Bill 

Market

Treasury Bill market-  Also called the T-Bill market 









These bills are short-term liabilities (91-day, 182-day, 364day) of the Government of India It is an IOU of the government, a promise to pay the stated amount after expiry of the stated period from the date of  issue They are issued at discount to the face value and at the end of maturity the face value is paid The rate of discount and the corresponding issue price are determined at each auction RBI auctions 91-day T-Bills on a weekly basis, 182-day TBills and 364-day T-Bills on a fortnightly basis on behalf of  the central government

Conclusion 





There are other financial intermediaries such as NBFCs, Venture Capital Funds, Hire and Leasing Companies, etc. India¶s financial system is quite huge and caters to every kind of demand for funds Banks are at the core of our financial system and therefore, there is greater expectation from them in terms of reaching out to the vast populace as well as being competitive.



Thank you

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