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Opportunities Pre-Intermediate Exam Zone Feladatok Az Uj Erettsegire

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Opportunities Pre-Intermediate

EXAM ZONE FELADATOK AZ ÚJ ÉRETTSÉGIHEZ

Produced by Pearson Education Hungary www.longman.hu

Feladatsor

Olvasott szöveg értése 3-4 szövegbôl és 3-4 feladatból áll        û       t      n    I        i      z    L      s    E      p    B        é    S      z        ö    Á        K    Í    R

   Z    S     É    R    A    G    S    Z    I    V

Nyelvhelyesség

Íráskészség

   z    e    h    i    g    é    s    t    t    e    r     É    ’    û    t    n    i    z    s    p    é    z    ö    k    ’    a    K     Ö    R     Ö    K    A    M     É    T

60

33

30

18

30

33

60

33

A vizsgán az alábbi feladattípusok fordulhatnak elô: társalgás,szituációs feladat,önálló témakifejtés segédanyagok(vizuaális és verbális)alapján

15

33

Összesen

195

150

3-4 feladatból, összesen körülbelül 25-30 itembôl áll. A feladatokhoz felhasznált szövegek együttes terjedelme körülbelül 500-700 szó SZÜNET

Halott szöveg értése

   i    l    e    b    ó    z    S

Idôtartam Pont

Beszédkészség

3 szövegbôl és 3 feladatból áll. A feladatokhoz felhasznált szövegek együttes idôtartama kb. 5-8 perc. A feladatsor kb.20-25 itembôl áll A vizsgarész két feladatból áll. Az elsô feladat egy rövidebb, interakciós és tranzakciós szöveg. A második feladat egy hosszabb, véleménykifejtô szöveg megírása megadott szempontok alapján.

Témakör

Az Opportunities ide vonatkozó részei

1.Személyes vonatkozások, család

Friends Elementary Module 1 pp11-16 Personality Elementary Module 2 pp17-22 Stories Intermediate Module 2 pp 19-30 Communities Elementary Module 3 pp 25-30 Heroes Pre-Intermediate Module 2 pp 19-30 Money Pre-Intermediate Module 4 pp 45-58 People Intermediate Module 5 pp 59-70 Cultures Elementary Module 10 pp73-78 The Sea Pre-Intermediate Module 6 pp 71-82 Learning Intermediate Module 6 pp71-82 Learning to Learn Pre-Intermediate and Intermediate pp 4-6 Money Pre-Intermediate Module 4 pp 45-56 The Media Intermediate Module 4 pp 45-56 Careers Intermediate Module 7 pp 85-96 Fitness Elementary Module 7 pp 53-58 Lifestyles Pre-Intermediate Module 1 pp 7-18 Celebration Pre-Intermediate Module 3 pp 33-44 Sport Elementary Module 8 pp 59-65 Rhythm Pre-Intermediate Module 7 pp 85-96 Design Pre-Intermediate module 8 pp 97-108 Going Places Elementary Module 4 pp 31-36 Adventure Intermediate Module 1 pp 7-18 Culture Shock Intermediate Module 8 pp 97-108 Computers Elementary Module 15 pp 109-114 Cyberspace Pre-Intermediate Module 5 pp 59-70 Wheels Intermediate Module 3 pp 33-44

2. Ember és társadalom

3. Környezetünk 4.Az iskola 5. A munka világa 6.Életmód 7.Szabadidô, mûvelôdés, szórakozás 8.Utazás,turizmus 9. Tudomány és technika

Set 1

Modules 1-4

Oral Exam

Exercise 1.

TIP:

ROLE-PLAYS Read the descriptions of the three situations below. Role-play the three situations. A. Getting and giving information: British students are planning to visit your school. You are talking to a representative of the British students. Give him/her information about: • your typical school day, • the most suitable day for the visit (say why it’s the best day), • what may be worth paying attention to/what may be of an interest to the British students.

Remember! When talking about your daily routines, use the Present Simple. If there are activities which are exceptions to this rule and they are happening at the moment of speaking, use the Present Continuous. For more see SB page: 10-11; Pbk 4-5.

USEFUL PHRASES : • In my school, we always/never/often [do] ...; We normally [do] ... but this week we’re [doing] ... • The best day for your visit is ... because ... • Our school has good/famous/unusual ...; Our school is famous for ...

The examiner initiates the conversation.

B. Relating / Narrating: You are talking to a school friend about someone you met while travelling last year. This person achieved something extraordinary in his/her life. Describe this person to your friend: • Describe her/him and say where you met • Describe his/her achievement. • Talk about the good results of his / her achievement.

TIP: Remember! When relating past events use the Past Simple and Past Continuous. If you refer to the results of some actions, you use the Present Perfect. For more see SB, page 18-19 and 26-27; Pbk 8-9 and 14-15. If you can’t think of any extraordinary achievement use the ideas from your SB (page: 26, 28, 34 or 36).

USEFUL PHRASES : • This is ...; We met ... • One day she/he was [doing something] when ...; She/he was very brave/quick ...; She/he knew what to do ...; She/he decided to ... • His/Her help has changed/improved ...;Thanks to his/her help ...

The student initiates the  conversation.

C. Negotiating: You are staying in Britain. You and your friend are staying in a hotel. It’s late. You hear a loud argument coming from the next room. Your friend wants to ignore it but you object. • Explain why in your opinion one has to react to such situations. • Describe a similar situation and what happened. • Suggest a solution.

TIP: For more see SB (Function File), page 28.

USEFUL PHRASES : • (not) ignore/pay attention to ...; Somebody may need ... • I can remember a similar situation when ... • I think we should/shouldn’t ...; I believe we must ...; Let’s ...; Why don’t we [do] ...; What about [doing] ...

The examiner initiates the conversation.

© Pearson Education Hungary 2005

Opportunities Pre-Intermediate

Exam Zone

1

Exercise 2. DISCUSSION BASED ON A PHOTO Describe the photo. Then answer the following questions: 1 What do these people have in common? What makes them different? 2 Do you know anybody who is very different from you? When you meet, what do you talk about?

TIP: Remember that you must not only be able to describe the photo but also to interpret it. You must also be able to refer what you see in the photo to your own experiences.

USEFUL PHRASES : 1 in the picture; in the foreground/background; on the left/right; in the middle; in the upper/lower part of the picture; there is/are ... 2 I can see that ...; I think that they are standing/looking at ... because ... 3 This picture/situation reminds me of ...; I recall such situations/people from my own life, for example ...

Written Exam

1.1.    

READING COMPREHENSION Exercise 1. .(Topic: Life in English-speaking

r season Get all  blue f or the Easte

ty pe of  part y drin k J ust t wo d a ys bef ore Easter a ne w  u permar kets in the  went on sale in the  biggest s drin k is s weet and co untr y. It is not s ur prising that the  ure: the colo ur. It is f izz y,  b ut it has one  un us ual feat ited edition f or the  blue.  The drin k is a s pecial lim ries  which gro w in s pring season, made f rom  bl ue ber ialit y costs £2.05. S weden. One bottle of this ne w s pec

countries, Lifestyles) , Read texts 1.1. – 1.4. Match 2 questions A-I to each of the texts. There is an extra question. Which text mentions: A the price of something to drink? B the job of the person who bought something? C an exceptional kind of present? D a person whose situation is about to change? E a place close to somebody’s home? F a person who cannot do something? G a product made especially for one occasion? H a problem connected with animal rights? I an unusual form of business?

    

1.2.

Jer r y becomes the r ichest k id in the w or l

d

Jer r y Snow don, y oung son of  the Scottish multi-millionair es  A nna and F ra   nk  Snow don, w ill w ak e up a v er  y  r ich per son tomor r ow . T oda y the cour t is to decide that it is J er r y    , and not his elder sister  Ber tha, w ho w ill inh er it the f amil y ’s f or tune. T his f or tune includes mone y deposits i n mor e than 100 bank s all ov er  the w or ld. Jer r y    ’s sister  is unable to tak e pos session of  the f or tune because she is mentally  ill.

    

1.4.

    

1.3.

s to Mars? No t ye t!  Tra velling  from Venu s terda y, made  the police arres ted  ye Bureau, was om  wh   y,   tal I rom ri f  tar y Vo yage Cosmo Galie ial agenc y, the In terplane a for tune recen tl y. His  ys  from Ear th  to o ther plane ts. One specrs. rne Ma  jou o r s t  fo ip  from  Venu selling  tick e ts  trip in a lu x ur y spacesh man y  famous people, a ed lud inc  ven e   fer  f  to o  terplane tar y dreams 1.5 Mr Galieri, 51, sold in e x -presiden t. Each  journe y cos t abou t n ica er m including an A  million dollars.

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Opportunities Pre-Intermediate

Exam Zone

F re   edom f or a f am ily p

et  Gig t he pet t ur ke   y has liv ed in an  A mer ican f amily ’s guest  r oom f or  ei ght  y ear s, but  no w  animal r ight s pr ot est er s w ant t o set him f re   e t  o liv  e in a back ya  r d near his home. In t heir opinion, t he bi r d now liv es in unnat ur al cir cum st ances. Gig’s ow ner , P aul Richmond, bought  him f or  a T hank s giv ing dinner , but his childr en di dn’t w ant t o k ill hi m. Gig became a member of t he Richmond f amily in 1995. © Pearson Education Hungary 2005

Exercise 2.

(Topic: Travelling and Tourism)

Read the text. Decide whether statements 2.1. – 2.6. are TRUE or FALSE.

TIP: Before reading the text read the Reading Strategies on page 14 of your SB.

Tunnel under H7 motorway is not open today Drivers who want to use the H7 motorway today must change

Our comment

their plans. The tunnel under the motorway is not open today

The horrible disaster which happened yesterday was an accident waiting to happen.

because of an accident which happened yesterday.

Shortly after 6 p.m. a lorry going through the tunnel lost a wheel and hit the tunnel wall. The tunnel was full of vehicles carrying hundreds of people who were coming back home from work when the accident happened. As a result of the lost wheel, the lorry went banging against the tunnel’s wall, cutting off the electricity system, and finally colliding with ten cars. The accident caused no casualties, but many people were panicking in the darkness and smoke in the tunnel before the police and ambulance services came to their rescue. Today the tunnel is not open because specialists are repairing and cleaning it. Drivers can use it again from 9 a.m. tomorrow. 

Experts remind us that a similar accident happened just two years ago when 18 people were injured and 600 car passengers suffered from breathing problems. It is clear now that between two years ago and the present moment nobody has done much. There are three main problems. First, investments into the safety of the tunnel are not enough: the structure is getting old and maintainance is too expensive, and this means more potential danger for travellers. Second, the tunnel is overcrowded, and third, there are too few people who take care of monitoring the traffic. There are about one million car passengers who go through the H7 tunnel every day. That’s why it is very important to solve these problems as quickly as possible.

TRUE FALSE 2.1.

The accident took place at about 9 p.m. today, and that’s why the tunnel is closed.

2.2.

When the accident happened, there were many people in the tunnel.

2.3.

The lights went out, and then the lorry hit the wall of the tunnel.

2.4.

It wasn’t difficult to predict the accident.

2.5.

There was another accident of this kind which happened not long ago.

2.6.

When you compare the situation two years ago and now, many things have improved.

© Pearson Education Hungary 2005

Opportunities Pre-Intermediate

Exam Zone

3

LISTENING COMPREHENSION:

TRUE FALSE

Read the statements 1.1. – 1.7. You will listen to a radio broadcast about stress. Decide whether the statements are

1.1.

Kelly always drives her ambulance at night.

TRUE or FALSE. You’ll hear the piece twice.

1.2.

Kelly relaxes in an active way.

1.3.

So far, Kelly has never been to the Himalayas.

1.4.

Kelly goes jogging on the beach just once a week.

TRIP:

1.5.

The place where Matt lives is a big urban centre.

Before you do the task, read the Listening Strategies on SB page 22.

1.6.

As Matt is a last-year student, he’s got a lot of classes.

1.7.

Matt spends a lot of his free time in front of the screen.

1.8.

Matt collects matchboxes.

Use t he t apescript of SB page 11 E xercise 5 

WRITING SKILLS Exercise 1: Short text

Exercise 2: Long text

You’re on holiday at the seaside and you’ve just seen a film star. Write a letter to your British friend. • Tell him/her where you are and how long you’re going to stay there. • Write a few words about the weather. • Describe how you saw the film star. • Ask about your friend’s holidays.

You’re doing a year-long language course in Britain. You’re a co-editor of a school newspaper. You’ve just received the memo below. Read it and then write an announcement: • Use the right heading/title to indicate the topic of the announcement. • Inform the students about the new regulations concerning the school vicinity. • Write about the reasons of the change. • Describe the terms and conditions of the change.  .

F TIP: For more information on Personal Letters see SB, page 16 and 120.

USEFUL PHRASES :

rom tomorrow students of the International Language School have to face a much longer walk to and from the city centre, and they must also be more careful when they play tennis on the school courts. The family who live next to the school have just built a massive wall to separate their house from the school area. In an interview published in local Gossip they described a lot of problems with students who shout, laugh too loudly, don't respect the grass and flowers, and lose too many tennis balls.

TIP:

• Hi!; I’m staying in/at ... • The weather’s fine/horrible ... • Guess what happened yesterday – I met ... • And how are you getting on?; All the best/Love

Remember that the announcement is a longer official text. Have a look at Reading Comprehension 2. Use 120-150 words. Include all the information.

USEFUL PHRASES : • A longer way to town from tomorrow on ... • Students must/can ...; We must be more careful when we ... • Our neighbours have just built ...; They did it because ...; They didn't like ... • They walk to town now takes ...;As regards tennis, students can ...

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© Pearson Education Hungary 2005

Set 2

Modules 5-8

Oral Exam

Exercise 1.

TIP:

ROLE-PLAYS

Think of all the phrases and expressions you may find useful while describing birthday parties. For more see SB page 38-39.

Read the description of the three situations below. Role-play the three situations. A. Getting and giving information: You are talking to a British friend who has been invited to a friend’s 18th birthday party. She/he’s never been to a Hungarian party before. Tell her/him: • Why the 18th birthday is so important in Hungary. • What this party’s going to be like. • What are the typical birthday presents.

B. Relating / Narrating: While doing a language course in Britain you participate in a discussion where people describe their best holidays ever. Tell your friends about: • Your favourite holiday destination (where and when it was) • The events you took part in • Why you think it was the holiday of a lifetime.







We celebrate our 18th birthdays because ...; the official date of becoming an adult Typically, the party begins by/with ...; Guests bring ... The best idea is to buy ...; The ideal birthday present is ...

TIP: Try to refer to your own experience. It’s easier to describe something that you’ve experienced rather than invent something.

USEFUL PHRASES : • The best holidays in my life took place/were ... • I took part in many exciting events, for example ...; I visited ...; First, we [sailed down the river], and then ... • hard to forget; most unusual/exciting etc.;The best thing about those holidays was ...

C. Negotiating: You’re in the USA. Together with your American friend you are thinking about a birthday present for another friend of yours. Your American friend suggests a CD or a box of chocolates. You don’t like his/her idea. • Tell him / her why you don’t like it, • Suggest 2 different presents, • Listen to his / her opinion and try to talk him into your idea.

TIP: For more information see SB, page 52-53 and use the Function File on SB page 49.

USEFUL PHRASES : 



The examiner initiates the conversation. 

© Pearson Education Hungary 2005

USEFUL PHRASES :

I don’t think it’s a good idea to buy ... because ...; both of these things are ...; neither of these things is ... It’s better to give/buy her ...; Another idea may be ...; And how about ... You may be right, but ...; I don’t agree ...; Yes, but think ...

Opportunities Pre-Intermediate

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Exercise 2. TIP:

DISCUSSION BASED ON A PHOTO Describe the photo. Then answer the following questions: 1

What are these people talking about? 2 Do you often go shopping? Talk about something interesting you have bought recently.

Make a list of phrases which may be useful while describing and interpreting the picture. Then choose examples from the USEFUL PHRASES box below which you find useful.

USEFUL PHRASES : Yesterday I went to the supermarket and found there ...; They’re probably talking about ...;There are three people in the picture ...; In fact, I hate shopping, but sometimes ...;They seem quite happy and relaxed ...; In the foreground, there are ...; I’ve recently bought the CD of/by ...; There may be other shops they want to visit ...; I go shopping only when I’ve got some money to spend, which doesn’t happen very often ...

Written Exam LISTENING COMPREHENSION You will listen to 4 short opinions about money. Match the opinions with the sentences (A-E). You will hear each piece twice.

A

TIP:

This person doesn’t keep all the money to himself/herself. This person enjoys wearing new things. According to this person, it’s not difficult to become jobless. This person spends too much money on charities. According to this person, a lot of money doesn’t necessarily make one happy.

This type of exercise is typical for checking general understanding of the text. (Understanding the general idea). If you don’t remember how to do this exercise check the Listening Strategies on page 38.

1.1.

B C

Use the tapescript from your SB (Module 4 page 45 ex. 2).

D E

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Opportunities Pre-Intermediate

Exam Zone

1.2.

1.3.

1.4.

© Pearson Education Hungary 2005

READING COMPREHENSION Exercise 1. (Topic: Travelling and tourism) Read the text. For questions (1.1-1.8) choose the correct answer (a, b, c or d).

This exhibition is located in Hull, a seaside town in northeastern England. As the economic situation in Hull got worse several years ago, local officials decided to do something new. The result has been this extraordinary  exhibition called ‘The Deep’. It is Europe’s newest, deepest  and most fascinating aquarium with more than 2,500 fish.  All of them can be watched from an underwater tunnel  which is built at the bottom of a gigantic, 2.3 million-litre tank of water. After the visitors finish their walk in the tunnel, they can return to ground level in a transparent lift, the only one of its kind in the world. On the surface, the exhibition offers a lot of audiovisual and interactive exhibits. For example, in the futuristic game called ‘Deep Blue One’ the visitors become crew members of an international research station 4 km below the ocean’s surface in 2050. More information: [email protected] 

TIP: Think of all necessary things you need to do before answering the questions. If you don’t know how to deal with the tasks go to Reading Strategies on page 35.

‘Vulcania’, or the European Volcanic Park, has just been opened in France, on the northern edge of the Puys  volcano chain. Construction of this exhibition took ten  years and was not easy as the costs were getting higher  and the angry locals protested against the idea. But now  regional officials hope for the exhibition to attract more than 500,000 visitors to the area. The exhibition starts  with a volcano crater through which visitors go down to the centre of the Earth. They pass through a real lava tunnel and finally can enjoy many interactive exhibits inside. It is a great opportunity to learn a lot about   volcanoes, for example, about the largest volcano ever  discovered, which is three times the height of Mount  Everest – and on Mars. One of the interactive games is set  in an observatory where the visitors can study the  volcano’s activity and decide if they should evacuate (or  not) people living at its foot. More details:  www.vulcania.com

The exhibition in Hull was built 1.4. The construction of Vulcania was 1.6. In Vulcania, it is possible to because rather difficult because a) see a piece of the largest a) the town is situated by the sea. a) the materials were very volcano on Earth. expensive. b) the economic situation was good. b) observe other planets including b) the locals didn’t want the Mars. c) the locals wanted it. exhibition. c) learn about volcanic activity. d) regional officials decided to. c) the locals preferred another d) help people injured by volcanic idea. activity. 1.2. The tunnel for visitors in Hull is d) the locals feared that too many a) the longest one in Europe. visitors would come to the 1.7. Both exhibitions are similar. b) under the water with fish. area. What can people do in ONE c) the only one in the world. of them only? d) connected by lift to the tank. 1.5. Before the visitors in Vulcania a) go below the surface of something can take part in interactive b) pass through a tunnel 1.3. Which sentence about the game exhibits, they c) play a game ‘Deep Blue One’ is NOT true? a) walk round a volcano crater. d) travel in time a) The visitors travel on a real ship. b) study some pieces of lava. b) The visitors study life in the c) go through a special structure. 1.8. The aim of these two texts is to ocean. d) learn how to play a typical a) inform. c) The visitors work in an game. b) make us laugh. underwater station. c) warn us. d) The visitors live in the middle of the 21st century. d) tell us a story. 1.1.

© Pearson Education Hungary 2005

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Exercise 2. (Topic: Shopping & services) Read the text. Decide whether the statements 2.1. – 2.6. are TRUE or FALSE.

Dear Sir or Madam, I am writing to complain about the product called Amazing Food Processor which was made in one of your factories on the continent. I bought it last month in a supermarket in Leicester. The processor is advertised as the fastest and most beautiful machine of this kind in the world, but unfortunately I cannot agree.

MS

The problems with the processor began after I brought it home and took it out of the box. It had ugly, black marks on the surface. As I soon found out, they could not be removed at all. What’s more, one of the processor’s legs turned out to be shorter than the other two. With the marks and a shorter leg it certainly does not look very attractive.  Another and perhaps more alarming problem is that the processor broke down the moment I switched it on. It was very difficult to repair it. Now it only works for a short time and is extremely slow. It also chooses wrong programmes. As a result, it cannot be used for any serious cooking. In this situation I must express my extreme disappointment with your product. I am going to return it as soon as possible. I also hope I may expect compensation in the form of a new machine.

WRITING SKILLS Exercise 1: Short text While doing a course in Britain each of the students is asked to prepare a presentation of a holiday t ypical in his/her country. You decided to advertise your presentation about Christmas. • Outline the main topic of your presentation. • Inform the participants what they will learn from your presentation, • Write about one attraction of your presentation, • Give a date and time of your presentation, TIP: Useful help on writing an advert can be found on SB page 54.

USEFUL PHRASES : 

I look forward to hearing from you at your earliest convenience.  Yours faithfully,



Meg Stapleton





Everything you have ever wanted to know about Christmas in Hungary customs, food, decorations, and more Do you know why the Hungarians ...; Have you heard about/that ... Come to ... on ... at ...

TRUE FALSE 2.1.

The Amazing Food Processor bought by the author was produced in Leicester.

2.2.

According to the advertisement, the Amazing Food Processor looks nice and works very quickly.

2.3.

The problems with the processor began in the shop.

2.4.

The processor was dirty but now it has been cleaned.

2.5.

Two of the processor’s legs are longer than the other.

2.6.

When the author started the machine, it broke down.

Exercise 2: Long text You’ve just bought a new TV, which broke down two days later. Write a letter of complaint: • Give the reason of your letter. • Write where and when you bought the TV. • Describe your problems. • Suggest a solution. TIP: This is an official letter written according to certain rules. Pay attention to the points above. More information can be found in exercise 2 Reading Comprehension. Prepare a list of useful phrases. Use 120 – 150 Words.

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© Pearson Education Hungary 2005

Set 3

Modules 9-12

Oral Exam

Exercise 1.

TIP:

ROLE-PLAYS

You may find it useful to review the grammar points on SB page 64-65.

Read the description of the three situations below. Role-play the three conversations. A: Getting and giving information: While in Britain you’ve just bought a new mobile phone. The advert said: “The most suitable for any type of weather and any place in the world”. Ask the shop assistant about all the features of the telephone. • Tell him /her about your requirements, ask whether it will be suitable for you. • Mention a few types of weather and make sure if the telephone is suitable for each type of weather. • Tell the assistant where you want to go and make sure the telephone will be fine there.

USEFUL PHRASES : • I would like to ask/make sure ...; Would this phone be suitable in/when/if ... • Will the phone work if ...; And what happens if ... • Can I use this mobile in ...; I’m going to visit ...; Will it be possible to use the mobile if ...

The student initiates the conversation.

B. Relating events: While in Australia you visited a zoo which you thought was ideal. During an English lesson your teacher asks you to talk about it. • Describe the zoo (the organisation, the species, the conditions, the comfort of visiting etc). • Describe your visit. • Explain why you consider this zoo to be ideal.

TIP: The text on SB page 78 ,may be useful for this exercise.

USEFUL PHRASES : 





I went on a kayaking trip …; the place was rather unusual/extraordinary/  dangerous; there were steep mountains/rocky streams The most dangerous thing happened when ...; my kayak almost turned upside down; we were in the middle of the lake when ... All in all, I would do this again but only if/when ... because ...

The examiner initiates the conversation.

C. Negotiating: You’re at an international language course abroad. There is a discussion about where you could spend your weekend. Some people want to go to the mountains. You prefer the seaside. • Disagree with your friends and explain why. • Present a few arguments for a trip to the seaside. • Listen to a critical opinion of one of your arguments and defend it.

© Pearson Education Hungary 2005

TIP: Use the Key Words on SB page 74.

USEFUL PHRASES : • I don’t agree ...; I think it would be a better idea to ...;The sea is much more interesting because ... • If we decided to go to the mountains, it would/wouldn’t ...; But if we go to the seaside, it will/won’t ... • This might be partly true, but ...; Oh no, just the opposite is true ...;Yes, but consider the following situation/problem ...

Opportunities Pre-Intermediate

Exam Zone

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Exercise 2. DISCUSSION BASED ON A PHOTO Describe the photo. Then answer the following questions: 1

What are these people using the Internet for? 2 How do you use the Internet? What do you think about its role in the modern world?

TIP:

USEFUL PHRASES :

You can use the information from Module 5.

1 There are [how many] people in the picture ...; They’re using the Internet/surfing/talking/pointing to ... 2 They’re using the Internet because/for ...; They’re having a good time/enjoying .../showing something to each other;This could be ... 3 I use the Internet often/rarely ... to chat/study ...; In my opinion, the Internet is very important because ...

Written Exam READING COMPREHENSION Exercise 1. (Topic: Science, Technology)

TIP:

Read the article. Match paragraphs (1.1. – 1.5) with suitable headings (A-G). There are two

Before doing this exercise read the Reading Strategies on SB page 67 again.

extra headings. .

What has happened to Ginger? Ask Fred 1.1. 

1.4. 

 At first, it was called It and everybody asked the question, ‘What’s It?’ The Harvard Business School Press offered $250,000 for a book about It and newspapers were trying to guess what It could be. But at that point It was a top-secret project and nobody knew what it really was.

One person who surely knows a lot about Ginger is its inventor, Dean Kamen, 49. Kamen has already invented some machines, for example, a portable pump and a wheelchair that can climb stairs. But he doesn’t want to speak about Ginger and gets angry with journalists when they ask for an interview.

1.2.  The next step was the book. The author, Steve Kemper,  wrote that It ‘is going to revolutionise personal transport, the looks of our cities and our everyday lives’. Kemper mentioned Its name – Ginger – but no technical details.

1.3.  So what’s It or Ginger? Ten months after the book, we still don’t know for sure. There are many theories. Some people think it is a flying car, and some others see it as a form of hot-air balloon. Steve Jobs of Apple Computer said it could be even bigger than the PC.

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Opportunities Pre-Intermediate

Exam Zone

1.5.  So is there any place where we can find something about Ginger’s identity? Yes, there is: the US Patent Office where Kamen sent his application forms. We have found there a few pictures which show a machine very much like a scooter. It has an engine and is very similar to Kamen’s  wheelchair. And the name of the wheelchair? It is Fred! 

© Pearson Education Hungary 2005

A

Pictures which give some clues B Different ideas about the object C A place where the object is kept D A book which doesn’t solve the mystery

E

A machine which is cheaper than a computer F A mysterious object G An inventor who doesn’t want to talk

Exercise 2. (Topic: Work)

TIP:

Put the letter (pieces A-G) in the right order 2.1-2.7.

Before doing this exercise read the Reading Strategies on SB page 72.

 A Apar t

cru itmen t BBC Personnel Re London, UK , Dear Sir or Madam

f r om w or ki ng f or these tw  o channels, I dev eloped my pr of essi onal k now -how on tw o cour ses, in new s r epor ting ( September 1999) and in pr esentation sk ills the f o llow ing y ear . T he cour ses hav e gr eatly ex panded my  under standing of  the r ole of the T V pr esenter and taught me a number of  pr actical sk ills.

B

T ak ing int o co n side r at io n my e  ducat io n, qualif  and my e xp icat io ns   e ri e nce so f a r  , I be lie ve   I w ou  ld v aluable co nt ri bu m ak  e a t io n t o a co mpa ny lik e t he BBC addit io n, w or   k ing . In f or   t he BBC, an o pinio n-mak ing channe l o f int e  T V  r nat io nal r ep   ut at io n, w ou  po ssible f or   me  ld mak e it  no t o nly t o use  my k no wl e dge  but also t o le ar  and sk ills, n a lo t and de v  el o p f ur th  e r. 

 ter on t wo n work as a presen ga be I g,  yin  tud s D While I was annel d the Young  T V ch ne joi I  97  9 1 In ls.  T V channe e. A f ter ildren’s programm ch   ve li a d  te n se  where I pre al ne ws a presen ter on loc as ng rki  wo   ted r  ta s a  year I  ts (each one  These t wo con trac  V.  T ng rni Mo on on Lond en ta tion skills e de velop m y pres m d lpe he  ) ng lo r a yea rnalism. ional e xper tise in jou ss  fe o pr l ra ne ge a and

F

I s tar ted  tion is concerned, in 1994 Firs t, as far as m y educa  itical  y in the depar tmen t o f pol sit   ver i Un d  for  x O  t a ies s tud as a result, additional courses and, sciences. I also a t tended  tudies and degree in bo th political s a   th  wi 99 19 in  ted a du gra mass media.

C

I am w r iting in r eply  to the adv er tisement published in N e ws   T od  a   y    concer ning the positio n of a pr esenter on the BBC N e ws   R ou  n  d    ab    ou   t  pr ogr amme. I believ  e that my  education, ex per ien ce and qualif ications ma k e me a suitable per son f or this k ind of  job.

E

Pr esenting the new s, how ev er , is not only conf ined to my  pr of essional life. It is a v er y impor  tant ar ea of my  per sonal inter ests as w ell. I hav e dev  eloped a v ideo libr ar y of  T V pr esentation str ategies and am cur r ently  w or king on a guidebook f or  beginne r s in this f ield. I am also inter ested in env ir onment pr otection issues, and I enjoy r eading and tr av elling.

2.1.

2.2.

2.3.

2.4.

2.5.

2.6.

2.7.

G

posi tion. r t he ad ver tised  fo n  tio a ic pl ap  t is nsider m y a t an y  time t ha  w   vie r G Please, co  te in an  y  to a t tend I would be  happ C V. u. I enclose m y con venien t to yo u.  hearing  from yo  to d ar   w r  fo  k o lo I  Yours fa it h full y, Jo hn Higgins

© Pearson Education Hungary 2005

Opportunities Pre-Intermediate

Exam Zone

11

LISTENING COMPREHENSION

A

You will hear a broadcast about the Internet. Put the events A-F in the order in which they took place.

C

B D E F

Use the tapescript from SB, page 62 ex. 2

The Internet is used for various purposes. The network was used for fun and work. Scientists started to use the network. The Internet began developing The network was called the Internet. The Pentagon suggested linking the computers into a network.

1.1.

TIP:

1.2.

1.3.

1.4.

1.5.

1.6.

Read the Listening Strategies on SB page 76 before you begin.

Writing Skills Exercise 1: Short text

Exercise 2: Long text

You’re with your friends in Britain. You were planning an afternoon and lunch together but your plans have

You are living in London and for some time have been doing some work for an advertising agency. They have just put in a notice that they are planning to

changed. Leave a note for your friends: • Apologise for the change, explain why you can’t go.

employ a young person full time. Write a CV. Write about: • Your education. • Experience so far • Additional training and skills etc • Your interests.

• Suggest another day. • Recommend a good restaurant. • Wish them a good meal. TIP:

TIP:

A note/memo is a short unofficial text.

Use the table below to write your CV. Don’t include irrelevant personal details.

USEFUL PHRASES :    

Sorry, guys; I’m off to ...; I had to go because ... How about ...;Why don’t we meet ... By the way, the best place to ... Have a good time.

Name Educations

Work experience

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Opportunities Pre-Intermediate

John Higgins 1994–1999 – Oxford University; a degree in: • • 1997 1998 How relevant for the job:

Other skills and courses

1999 – 2000 – how relevant for the job:

Interests

• • •

Exam Zone

© Pearson Education Hungary 2005

Set 4

Modules 7-8

Oral Exam

Exercise 1.

TIP:

ROLE-PLAYS

For more see your SB, Module 7-8 (ways of spending one’s spare time). Make a note of all interesting phrases and expressions.

Read the description of the three situations below. Role-play the three conversations. A: Getting and giving information: You’re entertaining two British friends. You’ve planned an itinerary for them but you won’t be able to accompany them the following day. • Inform them about the itinerary, • Recommend a restaurant where they could eat lunch, • Inform them about the evening entertainment you’ve planned for them (at least 3 suggestions they may choose from).

USEFUL PHRASES : 



The student initiates the conversation. 

B. Relating: While abroad you went to a concert of a group/vocalist. Tell your British friend about your experience: • Tell him who it was, • Describe the concert, • Say why you liked / didn’t like the concert. The examiner initiates the conversation.

TIP: If you haven’t been to any concert yet or you have no idea how to start have a look at page 92.

USEFUL PHRASES :  



C. Negotiating: You live in Britain in a rented room. You don’t like it too much and you’d like to introduce some minor changes. Talk to your landlord: • Ask them about the permission to change things in your room, • Present your ideas, • Listen to criticism of some of your ideas and then defend your ideas.

I went to a concert of ...; I wanted to see this concert because ... The concert started with ...; There were a lot of special attractions, for example ...; People in the audience were ... It was one of the best/worst concerts I’ve ever been to because ...; What I particularly liked/disliked about it was ...

TIP: Have a look at page 105-106.

USEFUL PHRASES : 



The student initiates the conversation. 

© Pearson Education Hungary 2005

Now let me tell you what I’ve planned ...; Here are some ideas for tomorrow morning ... When you get hungry ...; I think the best place is ...; Why don’t you try ...; Around 2 p.m. the place shouldn’t be very crowded, so ... As for tomorrow night ...; You can choose from three options ...

I wonder if I could ...; I would like to ask for your permission to let me ... I would like to change the furniture in my room, for example ...; It would be a good idea to ...; I’d like to have a new ... I understand your objections, but let me explain that/how ...; It doesn’t need to be too expensive if ...;The room might look much better when/if ...

Opportunities Pre-Intermediate

Exam Zone

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Exercise 2. DISCUSSION BASED ON A PHOTOGRAPH Describe what is going on in the picture. Answer the following questions: 1

What may these people be saying? 2 Do you like visiting famous places and museums? What do you think about the monument shown in the picture?

TIP: If you need some ideas please see Module 8, especially pages: 100-101. For more see: Function File and Speaking Strategies on page 107.

USEFUL PHRASES AND EXPRESSIONS:  

The people may be exchanging comments/sharing impressions ...; For example, they may be saying ‘At last! ...’ I love/hate ...; I visit famous places only if/when ...; I think the monument is a symbol/a very important cultural sight to ...

Written Exam LISTENING COMPREHENSION

TIP:

Read sentences 1.1.-1.6. You will listen to a radio broadcast about famous monuments. For each statement choose the correct answer (a, b, c or d). You will hear the piece twice. Use the tapescript from page 100 Exercise 3.

If you don’t know how to deal with the task see Listening Strategies on SB page 90.

1.1.

Ben Smith will talk about a) the buildings he dislike b) three of his favourite buildings. c) the buildings he admires. d) buildings from his own country.

1.4.

The castle of Eliean Donan was reconstructed a) in the thirteenth century. b) in 1932. c) in 1719. d) two hundred years ago.

1.2.

The Palace of the Doges was completed a) in the early fourteenth century. b) in the early fifteenth century. c) in the late fourteenth century. d) in the late fifteenth century.

1.5.

The Chysler building is ... in the city a) the highest skyscraper b) shorter than some other skyscrapers c) the most beautiful skyscraper d) the least beautiful skyscraper

1.3.

Which is NOT true about the Post Office Savings Bank building? a) It's about twenty years old. b) It was built in Hungary. c) People can see many of the ornaments on the roof. d) The roof is very colourful.

1.6.

The speaker doesn't mention any ... buildings. a) European b) American c) Scottish d) English

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Opportunities Pre-Intermediate

Exam Zone

© Pearson Education Hungary 2005

Zestaw 1 READING COMPREHENSION Modu∏y 1-2 Culture) Exercise 1. (Topic: Read the text. For questions 1.1. – 1.6. choose the correct answer (a, b, c or d).

Double fun in Hamburg People watching the premiere of The Seagull  – a ballet based on the play by Chekhov – at the 28th Annual Hamburg Ballet Days found it difficult to believe their eyes: the two rival lovers, Triplev and Trigorin, were identical. But this similarity has a very simple explanation: the dancers are Czech twin brothers Jiri and Otto Bubenicek. The brothers are not only similar in their appearance but they are also able to move in perfect harmony with each other. ‘We can feel each other move,’ Jiri explains. ‘When we are

1.1.

1.2.

1.3.

both on stage,’ Otto adds, ‘my brother knows what I’ll do the next second and I can do the same with him.’ ‘Sometimes,’ Jiri says, ‘I think I’m looking into a mirror when I watch Otto.’

There are also some small The twins have never been apart differences between the way in which the brothers dance. Jiri is from each other for long. ‘We will faster, stronger, and can jump higher. always stay together,’ Otto declares. Otto moves more smoothly, ‘like  As Byron once wrote, ‘Happiness was born a twin.’ For the Bubeniceks a panther’, as his brother suggests. – and the people who watch them on The two ‘Bubis’ are sons of stage – that’s doubly true.  a travelling circus cyclist from Prague. They completed their ballet  /© 2002 TIME Inc. reprinted by permission./  training at the Conservatory in

People watching the ballet were ... when they saw the two identical dancers. a) happy b) surprised c) angry d) disappointed

1.4.

Prague is the place where a) one of them was born. b) their father worked. c) they learned to dance. d) they began to work.

1.5.

Jiri plays black characters because he is not as ... as his brother. a) talkative b) friendly c) popular d) quiet

1.6.

The Bubeniceks have plans to a) work with each other. b) try a different career. c) always be happy. d) play in two other ballets.

The brothers look almost the same and, what’s more, they also a) move in the same direction. b) do very similar things in life. c) understand each other very well. d) watch each other all the time. As a dancer, Otto is not as ... as his brother. a) quick b) weak c) tall d) talented

© Pearson Education Hungary 2005

Prague and in 1993 joined the famous Hamburg Ballet group directed by Neumeier. Both of them are now the principal dancers in this group. As actors, they developed in a slightly different way. Otto is more sensitive and silent, and that’s why he often plays more romantic characters. Jiri, who is more extrovert and lively, plays black, devilish parts.

Opportunities Pre-Intermediate

Exam Zone

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