that the National A s s o c i a t i o n for the A d v a n c e m e n t of C o l o r e d P e o p l e
sent James W c l d o n Johnson, its A c t i n g Secretary, to Haiti last
spring to investigate and report on c o n d i t i o n s there under A m e r i c a n
that his articles in The Nation and T H E CRISIS told for the first time of
the murder, rapine and exploitation of the Haitians b y A m e r i c a n s —
that the shocking of the American nation and g o v e r n m e n t into making
an investigation which will lead to the eventual (and probably im
mediate) ending of the horrible regime in Haiti is directly due to
the National Association for the A d v a n c e m e n t of C o l o r e d P e o p l e ' s
that the eyes of the civilized w o r l d have been directed to the treatment
of colored people in Haiti and in America by the United States gov
one can tell what the final results will be.
immediate and far-reaching changes.
Certain it is that there will be
That is what
The NATIONAL ASSOCIATION for
The ADVANCEMENT of COLORED PEOPLE
can and will d o with y o u r support. E v e r y new member, every new branch m e a n s
greater power to light unceasingly for a square deal for colored people in America
H A V E Y O U A B R A N C H IN Y O U R C I T Y ?
not, write t o d a y to
The National Association for
The Advancement of Colored People
70 Fifth Avenue, New York, N. Y .
H. G R I M K E
MARY WHITE OVINGTON
W E L D ON
W A L T E R F. W H I T E
J. E . S P I N G A R X
W . E . P,. DLI B O I S , Director
P I C K E N S . Associate
T H E
D A R K E R
PUBLISHED M O N T H L Y A N D COPYRIGHTED B Y T H E NATIONAL ASSOCIATION FOB T H E
A D V A N C E M E N T OF COLORED P E O P L E , A T 70 F I F T H A V E N U E . N E W Y O R K C I T Y .
DUCTED B Y W . E. B U R G H A R D T DU BOI8; JESSIE REDMON FAUSET, L I T E R A R Y EDITOR;
AUGUSTUS GRANVILLE DILL, BUSINESS MANAGER.
Vol. 2 1 - N o . 2
Whole No. 122
COVER. "DARK W O M A N H O O D UNREDEEMED." After the painting by
J. H. Caines.
THE INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL OF W O M E N , N O R W A Y
RUINS OF CHRISTOPHE'S PALACE, HAITI
MEN OF THE MONTH
THE INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL OF W O M E N
MARCUS G A R V E Y . W . E. B. Du BoU
THE HOUSING CRISIS IN N E W Y O R K CITY. Victor R. Daly
JOSEPH A N D M A R Y COME T O BETHLEHEM.
Translated from an old
French chanson by Jessie Fauset. Decorated
THREE POEMS. Charles Bertram Johnson
THE LOOKING GLASS
MEN O F THE MONTH
FOR THE ADVANCEMENT
THE JANUARY CRISIS
T h e January C R I S I S will conclude ihe article on
short story and articles on community houses.
1921 Calendar cf
M a r c u s Garvey.
There will be an
a remarkable document.
FIFTEEN CENTS A COPY; ONE DOLLAR AND A HALF A YEAR
T h e date of expiration of each subscription
due, a blue renewal blank is enclosed.
is printed on the wrapper.
CHANGE OF ADDRESS:
T h e address of a subscriber can be changed as often as desired.
I n ordering a change of address, both the old and the new address must be given. T w o weeks'
notice is required.
panied by return postage.
drawings relating to colored people are desired.
I f f o u n d unavailable they will be returned.
E n t e r e d a s s e c o n d c l a s s m a t t e r N o v e m b e r 2 , 1 9 1 0 , at
Y o r k , under t h e A c t of M a r c h 3 , 1 8 7 9 .
T h e y must be accom
National Training School
D U R H A M , N O R T H CAROLINA
A School for the Training of Colored Young
Men and Women for Service
Though it is young in history, the Institution feels a just pride in the work thus
far accomplished, for its graduates are already filling many responsible positions,
thus demonstrating the aim of the school to train men and women for useful
DEPARTMENTS ALREADY ESTABLISHED
School of Arts and Science*
Department of Music
T h e Teacher Training Department
The Divinity School
The Commercial Department
The Department of H o m e Economics
of Social Service
TERM OPENED SEPTEMBER 21, 1920
farther information and Catalog, address
E. Shepard, Durham, North
STATE OF NEW JERSEY
MANUAL TRAINING &
a m o n g c o l l e g e s for c o l o r e d students
by the A m e r i c a n Medical A s s o c i a t i o n
Ranked in C l a s s 1
College and Theological Seminary
opened Sept. 2 1 , 1 9 2 0
BORDENTOWN, N. J.
President, J o h n B . Rendall, D . D .
Chester County, P a .
A high institution for the training of
colored youth. E x c e l l e n t equipment,
thorough instruction, wholesome sur
roundings. A c a d e m i c training for all
Courses in carpentry, agriculture and
trades for b o y s , including auto re
Courses in domestic science and do
mestic art for girls.
n e w trades building, thoroughly
girls' dormitory thoroughly and
M a d e in 1 9 2 0 an accredited State N o r m a l School,
offering in addition to the regular N o r m a l course
of two years professional three year courses in H o m e
Economics and M a n u a l T r a i n i n g .
A diploma from
of these courses makes a graduate eligible to teach
in^ the public schools of Pennsylvania.
H i g h School Course is offered to all who have com
pleted the eighth grammar grade.
T e r m s reasonable.
F a l l term opened September,
Cheyney Training School
B o a r d and T u i t i o n
Semester, September 13, 1920
Semester, January 26, 1921
C H E Y N E Y , PA.
(Formerly Atlanta Baptist College)
ATLANTA, G A
College, Academy, Divinity School
A n institution famous within recent years
for its emphasis on all sides of manly develop
ment—the only institution in the far South
devoted solely to the education of Negro
I s beautifully located in the City of Atlanta,
Ga. T h e courses of study include High School,
Normal School mid College. Special emphasis,
is laid upon the training of teachers.
come from all parts of the South.
have a fine record for successful work.
For further information address
President Edward T . W a r e
Atlanta* G a .
I KNOXVILLE COLLEGE I
Graduates given high ranking by greatest
northern universities. Debating, Y . M . C. A . ,
athletics, all live features.
F o r information, address
J O H N H O P E , President.
H e a l t h f u l Location.
B e s t Moral and Spiritual Environment.
Splendid I n t e l l e c t u a l A t m o s p h e r e .
N o t e d tor H o n e s t and Thorough W o r k .
I n s t i t u t i o n offers f u l l courses in t h e fol
lowing departments: College, Normal, H i g h
School, G r a m m a r School, D o m e s t i c Science,
Nurse Training and
Good w a t e r , s t e a m h e a t , e l e c t r i c
natural drainage, splendid dormitories,
p e n s e s very r e a s o n a b l e .
Thorough Literary, Scientific, Educational,
Musical and Social Science Courses. Pioneer
in Negro music. Special study in Negro life.
Ideal and sanitary buildings and grounds.
Well-equipped Science building.
Christian home life.
High standard of independent manhood and
womanhood. F o r literature, etc., write
Over 100 acres of beautiful campus.
with new $100,000 administration building with modem
chapel and gymnasium under construction.
ty—Religious atmosphere—Athletics—Co-educational. Ad
mission only by application.
RE-ARRANGED COURSES OF S T U D Y
J u n i o r High School—7th and 8th Grades and 1st and
2nd Year^' High School Courses, with Certificate.
J u n i o r College—3rd and 4th Year High School with
• Freshman and Sophomore years of College work, with
College—Four years above High School, or two years
above Junior College Course, with degree of A.B.
51st year nf nine months opened September 22. 1920.
$16.00 per month pays tuition, board, room and laundry.
CHARLOTTE. N. C.
Blddle University, ei-eratrii index the sasslces or
the Northern Presbyterian Church, has (our Depart
ment*—High School, Arts ud Sciences Theological
and Industrial, The completion of a Grammar School
course is the requirement, for entrance to the first Tear
of the High School.
The School of Arts and Sciences offer* two courses
uf study, the Classical and the Scientific
scientific, German )• substituted for Greek or Latin.
The entrance requirement for the Freshman Claes 1*
16 units of High School work.
The Theological Department offers two courses, each
consisting of three years. The first is purely Cngllsh.
Greek and Hebrew are taught In the others.
All students In the High School Dept. axe reqmlretl
tu take trades In the Industrial Dept.
F s r further information, t d d r t t t
President H . L . MtCreray,
Charlotte, N . C .
&fjt Jflortba Agricultural
anb ifflecfjamcal College
Offers courses leading to certificates,
diplomas and degrees.
Morris Brown University
Atlanta. G a .
STATE UNIVERSITY, Louisville, Ky.
The only Institution In the State baring for Its object
Collegiate. Ministerial. Medical, and Legal training for Col
ored citizens In Kentucky.
Special training In Insurance, Social Service, Nursing and
Normal, Commercial, Music, Domestic Science, Missionary
largest institution of learning in the
owned and controlled by Negroes. Faculty of special
ists, trained in some of the best universities in the
N o r t h and in the South.
Noted for high standard of
scholarship; industrial emphasis and positive Chris
athletics under faculty supervision.
Location central and healthful.
T h e o l o g y , College, H i g h School, Nor
mal, Commercial, Musical, Domestic Science, Sewing,
Printing and Tailoring.
First Semester began September, 1920.
For further information address
JOHN H . LEWIS, President
BISHOP J. S. FLIPPER, Chairman Trustee Board.
P r e s i d e n t C. H . P a r r i s h
W i l e y University
Founded in 1867 for the E d u c a t i o n of
Recognized as a college of first class by
Texas, Louisiana, Arkansas and Okla
homa State Boards of Education. Har
vard, Boston University, University of
Illinois and University of Chicago repre
sented or. its faculty.
twenty-seven in College Department, ses
Several new buildings,
steam heated and electric lighted.
W . DOGAN,
Beautiful and Healthful L o c a t i o n .
Literary, Scientific, Educational, S o
Nurse T r a i n i n g Courses.
H i g h Standards o f Christian M a n
h o o d and W o m a n h o o d .
further information address
F . A . S U M N E R , President
W A N T E D — A well trained and experienced
teacher of pianoforte and voice for a Chris
tian school. Must be devoted to her work
and a good example f o r young women.
GIBSLAND, L A .
Supported b y Baptist State W o m a n ' ! H o m e
Mission S o c i e t y of C h i c a g o and B o s t o n and
B . H . S o c i e t y of N e w Y o r k .
e m p t e d on first g r a d e b y L o u i s i a n a , A r k a n s a s
and O k l a h o m a .
c/o T H E
Couple would like to adopt
a baby girl 14 to 16 months
M A R Y ' S SCHOOL
Box 194, Ridgewood, N. J.
E p i s c o p a l b o a r d i n g school f o r g i r l s , n n d e r t h e
direction of t h e s i s t e r s of St. M a r y . A d d r e s s : T H E
The Lincoln Hospital and Home
TRAINING SCHOOL FOR NURSES
in the city of N e w York
Both of Us Lose, Young Man
offers to young colored women a three
years' course of instruction in nursing.
Capacity of hospital—420 beds.
Post Graduate Course of six months to
graduates of accredited schools.
For information apply to:
If you fail to study the supe
rior advantages North Carolina
offers you through The Agri
cultural and Technical College
for securing good, practical and
Superintendent of Nurses
Lincoln Hospital and H o m e
New York, N . Y .
Four Strong Departments:
HALE INFIRMARY AND NURSE TRAINING
SCHOOL, 325 Lake Street, Montgomery, Ala.
Offers to H i g h School graduates a n d y o u n g
women of higher education and good moral
character, between the ages of 1 8 and 3 5 , a
three years' course in the profession of nurs
F o r further information apply to the
Superintendent enclosing a stamp.
Night School for those who
desire to work in the day.
Fall Term began, September 1,1920
Special CRISIS Offer
JAS. B. D U D L E Y , President
A. & T . College
Greensboro, N. C .
C R I S I S sent in at one t i m e will entitle the
sender to a year's subscription tree. T h i s offer
holds good until midnight of December 3 1 ,
Whole No. 122
of W. E. B. Dubois
"See, Governor? Hear that? The
Saturday crowds are in town and
Jack is a prime favorite—you know
they're none too well disposed toward
you and the Government since this
new usurpation of federal power."
"That's just it," answered the Gov
ernor angrily, straightening in his
glances right and left: "Lawlessness
has brought Mississippi to this pass
and yet you want me not only to p a r
don a notorious criminal, but also to
condemn an innocent man."
"Innocent?" cried several voices,
but the great voice of the Bishop outdrowned them all.
"You do not understand," he said
ominously, thrusting forward
great bulk and towering over the ner
vous frame of the Governor. The
Governor stiffened but did not quail.
"You are northern born—you live far
from our problem—our fearful Prob
lem. Remember, Sir, in Mississippi
there is one Crime of Crimes, one
beside which all crimes fade to inno
cence—Murder, Arson, Rape, Theft—
all are nothing beside the crime of
Race Equality. Sir, this man, whom
we have brought before you, not only
preaches openly the equality of all
men, but (and the Bishop shuddered)
And then the flying words of all the
eager, angry councilors raised and
swept across the golden board and up
the crimson curtains and down the
open, sun-flushed windows:
"Do you know what he wants?"—
"He wants equality for Everybody—
everybody, mind you"—"Turks, Jews,
Niggers, Dagoes, Chinks, Japs"—
P I L A T E , Federal
Governor of Mississippi, sat
in the Judgment seat at
B e f o r e him
stretched a table of shining gold and
the morning sun sang through the
faces of the Chief Priest and the Eld
ers as they bent eagerly toward him,
and twisted itching hands.
He was lingering a pile of silver
money which seemed to have been
tossed or thrown upon the table be
"This-er-Iscariot fellow," he began
in a low, inquiring voice, while his
eyes sought the haunting shadows of
the long, crimson curtains at his back.
A bishop interrupted him: a tall
and mighty bishop cassocked, ringed,
"Just a case of uneasy conscience
—a worthless fellow—we shall give
this to foreign missions, shall we not,
and seek Souls for the Kingdom?"
And he gathered up and counted out
thirty pieces— "and now to the main
"I don't see how I can pardon this
said the Governor,—
speaking with sudden vehemence.
"He is a criminal and a drunkard—
he has killed men before and—"
" N o w , now, Governor!" interrupt
ed the Judge, "Jack Barabbas is not
so bad—quarrelsome, to be sure,
when in liquor, and quick to defend
his honor as every white man should
be. Moreover—hark f"
Something floated in by the win
dow. It was a low, but monstrous
sound and in it lay anger and blood.
"everybody"—"talking, sleeping, kiss
ing, marrying"—"the damned scoun
drel !"—"and do you know why he
wants it?"—"He's nothing but a—"
—"He's a Bolshevist—a Red Revolu
tionist"—"He is going to overthrow
And then in a shriek—"He claims
to be God and King."
Slowly, Pilate arose.
"Bring him in," he said.
They swung the crimson curtains
back and there in the shadows stood
Pontius Pilate shuddered.
thou King?" he whispered.
And the answer came calm and
clear, " Y e s ! "
The cry of the mob below shivered
to a shriek, while the Chief Priest
and the Elders stood in a silence that
"I find no fault in this man," he
said doggedly, as his hands trembled.
"He blasphemed against the White
Race," hissed the Bishop.
But Pilate continued: " Y o u have
brought this man before me as a dan
I have examined
him before you and have found no
fault in him. I will therefore fine him
and let him g o . "
But the council cried in one voice.
"Away with Christ—and pardon
"I'll pardon Barabbas if you insist
Again the groan of the mob rose
and flooded in at the window, break
ing the sunshine.
Pilate stirred uneasily—"I won't
punish him," he said testily. "I know
"Sir, w e know our unwritten law.
The crowd below—"
"I'll have no violence," cried Pilate.
"It was just this lynching business
that led the federal government to
interfere in Mississippi—"
• "Your Excellency, consider a mo
ment," interrupted the States Attor
ney. " Y o u incur no responsibility.
You simply deliver this man into our
hands; and by your pardon of Barab
bas the crowd will be mollified and—"
"And what?" asked the Governor.
"Well, there will be less likelihood
Pilate arose agitated.
nothing to do with it," he said. "I
wash my hands of the whole thing."
The councilors bowed and turned
to the door. The shout of the mob
rose and rent the courtyard and the
For a moment Pilate hesitated with
clenched hands and riven face. Then
slowly he left the chamber.
It was late afternoon and Pilate
stood in the clean, cool bathroom,
washing his hands. His wife hurried
"Pontius," she said hesitatingly,
"have nothing to do with that just
man—for I have suffered—"
"There, there! It's all right," he
said, chucking her under the chin.
"Don't meddle in politics." They both
started, for they heard the mad music
of myriad feet, the laughter, scream
ing and cursing of men, and the shrill
babble of women's voices; and then
over the height of the hills rolled the
far-off echo of that world-worn c r y :
"My God, my God! Why has Thou
forsaken m e ! "
THE UNREAL CAMPAIGN
N E V E R have the American peo
ple endured such a Presiden
tial campaign. It is true that
in no campaign are the great
issues always distinct and clear and
the alignments definite and under
standable. But surely in no campaign
ha? there ever been such a lack of
ali iment and such deliberate smearin of issues. One may, as one is con
stituted, regard voting as a test of
conscience and principle or as a prac
tical make-shift. In the first, the land
may easily go to the dogs while the
Dreamer walks his high and isolated
path. In the other case, we may too
easily forget our dreams.
But both sorts of Voters on No
vember 2, 1920, were in maddening
puzzlement. The League of Nations?
There was no real difference between
the parties; between Johnson and
Wilson there was a world of argu
ment ; but Taft and Holt, Hoover and
Cox? It was all a matter of punctua
tion and style. No man then could vote
either the Republican or the Demo
cratic ticket because he favored or op
posed the League. And outside the
League, What? Imperialism, labor and
wage, the power of capital, the mar
keting of farm products, the building
of homes, the training of children, the
ownership of land, the freedom of
suffrage—in these and all else the ma
jor parties were mere fog or reaction.
Indeed the only real, stinging, fighting
questions in the whole campaign were
President Wilson and the Negro.
The Family Tree
The allegation was that the Presi
dent-elect had a black man some
where among his remote ancestors.
Can you conceive how real a fury this
query roused? How else could it be
with our deliberate cultivation of race
hate and with Pat Harrison of Mis
sissippi heading one of the Speakers'
Suppose President Harding is col
ored—What of it? He would be but
one of hundreds of distinguished
Americans who served their country
well from the day of Alexander Ham
ilton to that of Lew Wallace. Nefer
tari and Amenhotep, Candace and
Terence, Askia and Tamuramaro,
Browning and Lafcadio Hearn—how
many of the world's heroes have
shared the black blood of Africa! It
is an ancient and noble lineage; as
high and deserving as that of any race
on earth, until Ethiopia was raped
and murdered and despoiled by
Europe. God knows that all of us—
black, white, red and yellow, are low
enough in ancestry and service, but
"Pure White America" excels most
lands in being able to boast an ances
try which includes.far more jails, asy
lums and gutters and far fewer pal
aces than most nations. Is this her
shame or glory? And which was
worse: the shrieking whispers of the
Democrats, or the vociferous denials
of the Republicans of the taint! Taint,
forsooth! what could taint America?
Ohio, once the home of freedom, led
in Anti-Negro propaganda, egged on
by Cox and the new white southern
immigration. "Timely warnings" to
white folk were distributed by the
hundred thousand declaring, "Ohioans
should remember that the time has
come when we must handle this prob
lem in somewhat the same way as the
South is handling it!" As a result
many of the colored candidates for the
legislature were defeated, but more
were elected than ever before and
many friends like Governor Davis,
formerly Mayor of Cleveland, tri
The third parties have made a sin
gularly spiritless campaign. A s re
sidual legatees of all protest and un
rest they did almost nothing to answer
the searching query of desperate
strivers for light. Not the ultimate
dogma of Marxian socialism or the
undigested hodge-podge of FarmerLaborers sufficed. Men asked and
were not answered: What is the next
step and how does it lead to a definite,
clearmarked way? The great mass of
laboring people, the thrifty, hard
working farmers and small capital
ists, lacked dismally here that leader
ship which through the great Labor
party of England and the right wing
Socialists of Italy are hewing, wav
eringly but stubbornly, a real path,
leaving on the one side intransigeant
communism and on the other, organ
ized and reactionary theft.
America. We, the burden-bearers,
could not even agree to disagree and
delivered the masses bound into the
hands of the Phillistines.
And the' Black Man. He had no
chance. He was less than free and
more than a slave. He was a machine
—an automatic registration mark for
the Republican party. He could not
be otherwise. From the day Wood
row Wilson shamelessly betrayed his
black supporters of 1912 to the day
when the flippant Cox of Ohio built
his Ohio campaign on the cheapest
brand of "nigger"-hatred, the black
American had but one political choice
or mission: to defeat the South-ridden
Democratic party. He could not even
think of taking an off-shot at the Mil
lenium by voting Socialist or Farmer
Labor—he must defeat the Demo
And he did his bit.
And so the great farce ends. The
People have spoken—and said noth
THE A. M . E. CHURCH
0 0 little has been said of the
ment of the Department of
Finance of the A. M. E.
Church during the last quadrennium.
For the first time in the history of
the church there has been collected
in "dollar money" over a million dol
lars during a quadrennium.
Financial Secretary who accomplished
this is John Russell Hawkins, of
North Carolina. The "dollar money"
is a sort of federal tax upon individ
ual members for the support of the
general connection and its increase
since its entablishment has been as
1 9 0 0 - 1 9 0 1
Thus from 1872-1920 the church
has collected $5,758,625 for general
expenses, not including money raised
for local purposes, salaries for pre
siding elders and pastors and special
monies raised for mission work,
church extension and in education
rallies. This is a record of which any
organization should be proud.
A N D N O W LIBERIA
HE Wilson Plan of assisting
Liberia has been finally re
vealed in detail. Its terms,
which include a loan of five
million dollars, are found to be disas
trously rigid. Worley, a white Vir
ginian, as General Receiver, is the
one prominent figure and would be
the real ruler of Liberia under this
plan, together with his band of white
pensioners. He and our Secretary of
Legation, Bundy, sought to force the
plan through, but President
called an extra session of the Legisla
ture to consider amendments. While
the Legislature was in session a cable
gram was received from the United
States, saying that no amendments
to the Plan would be accepted and
that the Plan must be signed as sub
mitted by them, "or the friendly in
terest which has heretofore existed
would become lessened."
The Liberians, however, refused to
be frightened and are preparing to
eend another commission to America,
now that the election is over, to dis
cuss some reasonable changes in the
proposed financial arrangements.
HE second annual coopera
tive convention met in Cin
the "All American Farmer
Labor Cooperative Commission" has
been organized with headquarters in
Washington, D. C , and Frederic C.
Howe is executive secretary; in New
York the Socialist Rand School is
giving courses on cooperation and an
swering questions by correspondence.
Thus the movement grows.
American Negroes lag behind!
M C SWINEY
HE veriest coward may die
for a cause in the frenzy ot
battle with court martial and
disgrace behind him and
naming medals in front.
man may rush to his death at sudden
call in time of peace. But the bravest
of the brave is he who without hurt
or hate simply lies still and for the
sake of Right dies by inches through
endless days. No cause with such
martyrs can ever die.
HREE years ago December
11, at 7:17 in the morning,
soldiers were murdered on
the scaffold by the American govern
ment to satisfy the bloodlust of Texas
on account of the Houston riot. This
was bad enough; but in addition to
this there are today languishing in
the United States Penitentiary at
Leavenworth, Kan., 56 colored men
sentenced to life imprisonment and 5
men sentenced to imprisonment for
15 years, all for the same alleged of
fence. This shameful injustice is a
trumpet call to every American Negro
and we should never rest until these
men are pardoned and freed,—
"Lord, these are Thine who pay the
For what a freeman's soul is
Whose madness is their sacrifice
That what they love may live on
Lord these are Thine!"
THE INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL OF WOMEN
The International Council of Women
meets every five years. This year it
met in Christiania, Norway, and for the first
time had an accredited Negro delegate, Mrs.
Mary B. Talbert of Buffalo N. Y., and her
alternate, Dr. Mary F. Waring of Chicago.
The race has been represented unofficially
twice before,—by Miss Hallie Q. Brown who
addressed the London meeting in 1899 and
by Mrs. Mary Church Terrell who spoke at
the Berlin meeting in 1904.
The delegates, including Mrs. Talbert and
her daughter and Dr. Waring, traveled in a
party via Italy, Switzerland, France, Bel
gium, Denmark, Norway and Scotland.
There were five southern-born white women
in the party: Mrs. Alexander Watkins of
Miuter City, Miss.; Mrs. James Riley of
Charlotte, N. C , former vice-president of
the L'eneral Federation of Women's Clubs;
Mrs. O. J. Chandler of Harrodsburg, Ky.;
Mrs. Heisey of Great Falls, Mont.; and Mrs.
Marsh of Wyoming. These women together
with Mrs. Howard Gould during the whole
78 days of the journey made the life of the.
colored delegates as uncomfortable as possi
ble. Mrs. Gould began the campaign on
shipboard by repeating in a loud voice vari
ous tales of the systematic importation of
southern colored women into the North for
Repeated efforts were
made to segregate the colored women in
Italy and Switzerland. At the American
Y. W. C. A. in Paris, where the party ar
rived late in the morning after an all night
ride, all the white delegates were welcomed
and accommodated while the colored dele
gates were even refused breakfast. A t Ant
werp, Mrs. Riley went to the proprietor of
the hotel and demanded segregation of the
colored guests, which he refused. Mrs. Wat
kins left the party at Brussels to avoid fur
In Birmingham, England, at the Queen's
Hotel, Mrs. Heisey and Mrs. Riley refused
seats at the table where Mrs. Talbert and
her daughter were sitting and left the
At Copenhagen, Denmark,
they were entertained at the American Con
sul. -Mrs. Gould, Mrs. Chandler and Mrs.
Marsh, of Wyoming, refused to attend be
cause the colored women were there.
At the meeting of the council the colored
women received every courtesy from the
foreign delegates and from the American
officials, Mrs. Phillip North Moore and Mrs.
Joseph C. Merriman. During this time Mrs.
Talbert published four articles on our race
problem in two leading Christiania papers.
On the return there were several social
functions of such importance that the South
erners were compelled to endure in silence
the presence of the colored delegates. For
instance, all the delegates were entertained
by the King and Queen of Norway. All the
Southerners were present. Lady Aberdeen,
president of the Council, entertained the
delegates and alternates at breakfast. Mrs.
Riley was placed opposite Dr. Waring and
did not leave the table. At Hadow House,
Aberdeen, Scotland, on the way back, Lady
Aberdeen entertained _ the whole American
party. At her request Mrs. Talbert sat at
her right and the representative of the Jew
ish women, Mrs. Nathan Harris, at her left.
All the Southerners were present. Mrs.
Riley sat at the right of Lord Aberdeen and
Mrs. Merriman. conductor of the party, on
the left. They were entertained at Edin
burgh, Scotland, by the Common Council.
All were present.
And so the eventful journey ended with
the colored women quietly and with dignity
standing at their guns and the southern
white women furious at the "social equal
W. E. B. Du Bois
GARVEY was born at St.
Ann's Bay, Jamaica, about 1885. He
was educated at the public school and then
for a short time attended the Church of
England Grammar School, although he was
a Roman Catholic by religion. On leaving
school he learned the printing trade and
followed it for many years. In Costa Rica
he was associated with Marclam Taylor in
publishing the Blue field's Messenger. Later
he was on the staff of La Nation. He then
returned to Jamaica and worked as a print
er, being foreman of the printing depart
ment of P. Benjamin's Manufacturing Com
pany of Kingston. Later he visited Europe
and spent some time in England and France
and while abroad conceived his scheme of
organizing the Negro Improvement Society.
This society was launched August 1, 1914.
in Jamaica, with these general objects
"To establish a Universal Confraternity
among the race"; "to promote the spirit
of race pride and love"; "to administer to
and assist the needy"; "to strengthen the
imperialism of independent African States";
"to conduct a world-wide commercial and
His first practical object was to be the
establishment of a farm school. Meetings
were held and the Roman Catholic Bishop,
the Mayor of Kingston, and many others
addressed them. Nevertheless the project
did not succeed and Mr. Garvey was soon in
He therefore prac
tically abandoned the Jamaica field and
came to the United States. In the United
States his movement for many years lan
guished until at last with the increased
migration from the West Indies during the
war he succeeded in establishing a strong
nucleus in the Harlem district of New York
His program now enlarged and changed
somewhat in emphasis. He began especially
to emphasize the commercial development
of the Negroes and as an islander familiar
with the necessities of ship traffic he
planned the "Black Star Line". The public
for a long time regarded this as simply a
scheme of exploitation, when they were
startled by hearing that Garvey had bought
a ship. This boat was a former coasting
vessel, 32 years old, but it was put into
commission with a black crew and a black
captain and was announced as the first of a
fleet of vessels which would trade between
the colored peoples of America, the West
Indies and Africa. With this beginning,
the popularity and reputation of Mr. Gar
vey and his association increased quickly.
In addition to the Yarmouth he is said to
have purchased two small boats, the Shadyside, a small excursion steamer which made
daily excursions up the Hudson, and a
yacht which was designed to cruise among
the West Indies and collect cargo in some
central spot for the Yarmouth.
first announced the Black Star Line as a
Five Million Dollar corporation, but in Feb
ruary, 1920, he announced that it was going
to be a Ten Million Dollar corporation with
shares selling at Five Dollars. To this he
added in a few months the Negro Factories
Corporation capitalized at One Million Dol
lars with two hundred thousand one dollar
PAKTIAL V I E W OF A SESSION OF THE INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL OF WOMEN, CHRIST1ANIA,
N O R W A Y ; LADY ABERDEEN PRESIDING. (The arrow showB Mrs. Talbert.)
shares, and finally he announced the sub
scription of Five Million Dollars to free
Liberia and Haiti from debt.
Early in 1920 he called a convention of
Negroes to meet in New York City from the
1st to the 31st of August, "to outline a
constructive plan and program for the up
lifting of the Negroes and the redemption of
Africa". He also took title to three apart
ment houses to be used as offices and pur
chased the foundation of an unfinished Bap
tist church which he covered over and used
for meetings, calling it "Liberty Hall". In
August, 1920, his convention met with repre
sentatives from various parts of the United
States, several of the West India Islands
and the Canal Zone and a few from Africa.
The convention carried out its plan of a
month's meetings and culminated with a
mass meeting which filled Madison Square
Garden. Finally the convention adopted a
"Declaration of Independence" with 66 ar
ticles, a universal anthem and colors,—red,
black and green—and elected Mr. Garvey as
"His Excellency, the Provisional President
of Africa", together with a number of
various other leaders from the various
parts of the Negro world. This in brief is
the history of the Garvey movement.
The question comes (1) Is it an honest,
sincere movement? (2) Are its industrial
and commercial projects business like and
(3) Are its general objects
plausible and capable of being carried out?
The central and dynamic force of the
movement is Garvey. He has with singular
success capitalized and made vocal the great
and long suffering grievances and spirit of
protest among the West Indian peasantry.
Hitherto the black peasantry of the West
Indies has been almost leaderless. Its na
tural leaders, both mulatto and black, have
crossed the color line and practically ob
literated social distinction, and to some ex
tent economic distinction, between them and'
the white English world on the Islands. This
has left a peasantry with only the rudi
ments of education and with almost no
economic chances, grovelling at the bottom.
Their distress and needs gave Garvey his
It is a little difficult to characterize the
man Garvey. He has been charged with
dishonesty and graft, but he seems to me
essentially an honest and sincere man with
a tremendous vision, great dynamic force,
stubborn determination and unselfish desire
to serve; but also he has very serious de
fects of temperament and training: he is
dictatorial, domineering', '"Sordinately vain
and very suspicious. He cannot get on with
his fellow-workers. His entourage has con
tinually changed. He has had endless law
suits and some cases of fisticuffs with his
subordinates and has even divorced the
young wife whom he married with great
fanfare of trumpets about a year ago. All
these things militate against him and his
reputation. Nevertheless I have not found
the slightest proof that his objects were not
sincere or that he was consciously diverting
money to his own uses. The great difficulty
with him is that he has absolutely no busi
ness sense, no flair for real organization and
his general objects are so shot through with
bombast and exaggeration that it is diffi
cult to pin them down for careful examina
On the other hand, Garvey is an extraor
dinary leader of men. Thousands of people
believe in him. He is able to stir them
with singular eloquence and the general run
of his thought is of a high plane. He has
become to thousands of people a sort of
He allows and encourages all
sorts of personal adulation, even printing
in his paper the addresses of some of the
delegates who hailed him as "His Majesty".
He dons on state occasion, a costume con
sisting of an academic cap and gown
flounced in red and green!
Of Garvey's curious credulity and sus
picions one example will suffice: In March,
1919, he held a large mass meeting at Pal
ace Casino which was presided ever by
Chandler Owen and addressed by himself
?nd Phillip Randolph. Here he collected
$204 in contributions on the plea that while
in France, W. E. B. DuBois had interfered
with the work of his "High Commissioner"
by "defeating" his articles in the French
press and "repudiating" his statements as
to lynching and injustice in America! The
truth was that Mr. DuBois never saw or
heard of his "High Commissioner", never
denied his nor anyone's statements of the
wretched American conditions, did every
thing possible to arouse rather than quiet
the French press and would have been de
lighted to welcome and co-operate with any
Of the 15 names of his fellow officers in 1914 not a
single one appears in 1918; of the 18 names of officers
published in 1918 only 6 survive in 1919; among the
small list of principal officers published in 1920 I do
not find a single name mentioned in 1919.
(To be concluded in
THE HOUSING CRISIS IN NEW YORK CITY
has been said of late concerning in the most congested parts of Harlem the
the acute shortage of dwelling houses rentals average $9.50 per room.
in New York City. A great deal of time
The population of Harlem has increased
and space has been devoted to elaborating approximately from 55,000 in 1913 to
on the resultant suffering and privation
150,000 today. During this time the actual
that always follow in the wake of a shortage housing facilities, although they have ex
of any commodity. The Metropolitan press, tended greatly, have by no means kept
welfare organizations, housing commissions, pace with the tremendous growth of the
reconstruction committees and scores of
population, especially during the period fol
like agencies, however, have been so taken lowing the war. So great is the congestion
up with the problems of white people that that 5,000 new-law apartment houses could
very little time has been found to devote be utilized tomorrow if they were available.
to housing relief among Negroes. As is
A few specific cases will serve to show
usually the case, then, unless the Negro to what extent consideration of health and
himself takes the initiative and attempts to sanitation has been discarded in the mad
work out his own salvation by bringing his search after shelter. In one instance we
case to the direct attention of those who are found a family of five, including three chil
in position to help him, he will find himself
dren, 5, 3 and 2 years old, occupying one
suffering from housing troubles long after room of a five-room flat in which there
the ills of others have been cured.
were altogether 16 people living. On an
In a recent survey of the housing condi average, there are 14 families living in
tions in the Negro section of Harlem, the every 8 family apartment house, and 17
New York Urban League has dis
NEGRO P O P U L A T I O N
closed some facts that have pro
voked a great deal of attention to
58 NEGRO POPULATION
I N C R E A S E . . ( A U G . I 9 I 3 -to
the question of Negro housing in
A U G ipao)
XSd MIXED POPULATION
the city. This survey shows that
C ± WHITE P O P U L A T I O N
a housing situation exists in upper
- 3 VACANT LOTS
Harlem which is a menace not only
gncf W A R E H O U S E S .
to the lives and health of the peo
ple who reside in that particular
section, but to the entire city of
New York. The harder this fact
can be driven home to the "powers
that be," the quicker will be the
relief extended to this community.
The simple fact that the Negro
cannot live anywhere that he may
desire, by virtue of the policy of
segregation, places his housing
problem in a class by itself. As a
result of segregation, there is an
artificial restriction of the already
too limited supply of dwelling
houses. This accounts for the fact
that Negroes are paying compara
• 0EE0 LHtyH]
tively higher rents than other ra
cial groups in New York City.
The present average monthly rent
•ED DEO DED
als for the most modern apart
]'D=D 033 LED
ments is about $12.50 per room.
D I S T R I B U T I O N oP N E G R O P O P U L A T I O N
Even in the oldest cold-water flats
families occupying 10 family houses. In
one extreme case we found 33 families oc
cupying a 16 family house.
With conditions like these it is no wonder
that such trivial questions as health, sani
tation and morals have long since been
thrown to the winds. We found that the
infant mortality among Negro babies is
three times that of any other sec
tion of the city.
As we expected, the
spread of contagious diseases has steadily
increased; 16 per cent of Negro deaths in
1914 were from tuberculosis, while in 1919
tuberculosis accounted for 22 per cent of
Negro deaths. Every week 13 Negroes die
in New York City of tuberculosis.
It is claimed that the solution of the gen
eral housing problem in New York City lies
in the building of new houses. "Stimulate
building!" is the cry of the hour. As far
as Harlem is concerned this program of
fers small chance of direct relief unless
municipal housing is adopted. Present day
costs of building and construction, coupled
with the scarcity of credit and mortgages,
prevent Negroes themselves from erecting
dwelling houses for their own use. Unfor
tunately, white investors have become im
bued with the erroneous idea that apart
ment house construction for Negroes is an
hope of relief by the method of new building
by private capital is out of the question.
For a generation Negroes have been living
on the left-over housing of white tenants
who have moved into other districts. If
any immediate help is to come to Harlem
it will have to be in this same manner.
When houses can be secured for the white
families now Jiving on the outskirts of the
colored section, these families will move
away. The landlord, confronted with the
problem of keeping his apartments occu
pied, will be glad to welcome colored tenancy.
Within the past 18 months Negroes have
been investing heavily in real property in
Harlem. Scores of apartment houses occu
pied by white families have been purchased
by colored investors who have been replac
ing the white tenants by colored people.
The courts have generally assisted these
new landlords. Of recent months such pro
cedure has been absolutely the only relief
to the overcrowded colored section. Now
even this is stopped. The recent anti-land
lord legislation just passed by the Legisla
ture of the State will react, unconsciously,
to the detriment of the colored people. At
present everybody is rejoicing over the fact
that the new law makes it impossible for
the landlord to dispossess a tenant except
for one of the three following reasons:
(1) actual non-payment of rent, (2) per
sonal use of the premises for the landlord,
(3) demolition of the building.
these restrictions, how could a colored in
vestor be able to get white families out of
a house that he desires to use for colored
Only by the personal volition of the white
tenants themselves. . This is not likely.
Consequently there is scant hope for any
immediate relief of the housing congestion
in Harlem. The intent of the law was
good, doubtless, but for the Negro, it closed
the only open door of relief.
The Negro Faces America. By Herbert
J. Seligmann. Harper and Brothers, New
Rachel. By Angelina W. Grimke. The
Cornhill Company, Boston.
Children of the Mist. By George Madden
Martin. D. Appleton and Company, New
A FIRST step in an attempt upon the
*• hates, distrusts and preconceptions
clustered about race is to separate and ex
amine them. There is, in fact, no race
problem in the United States. There are
a thousand problems with which race is
more or less connected, frequently deliber
ately connected for an ulterior motive, in
the absence of organic connection between
race distinctions and the subject at issue."
With this statement as his thesis Mr.
Seligmann proceeds to point the connection
between economic considerations and race
relations which has prevailed in this coun
try ever since the Civil War. Just before
the Chicago race riot, for instance, a clash
arose between the interests of two real
KUINS OF CHRISTOPHE'S
PALACE, SANS SOUCI, HAITI
estate factions rather than between the
two races. In the actual riot, the causes
lay (1) in the entrance of migrating south
ern Negroes into white residential districts;
(2) in hostility between union whites and
non-union Negroes in the stockyards; (3)
in political enmity engendered by the fact
that a certain city administration won its
election through the Negro vote. A care
ful survey of conditions in other cities
where riots occurred shows the same type
Mr. Seligmann points out that liberty and
life have to be fought for almost daily by
every Negro,—"the patience and determina
tion and courage which go into the struggle
are values that no nation can afford to
spurn." Miss Sarah N. Cleghorn has said
something like this last, but Mr. Seligmann
is alone, I believe, in defining the white
Southerner's penchant for colored woman.
He works it out on a Freudian basis which
assumes "that the choice of the mate is
influenced by the characters impressed upo.i
the infant male as belonging to his mother."
Many Southerners receive their first impres
sions from their colored nurses. The in
ference is obvious. We find here too an
idea since carried out by Professor R. T.
Kerlin—"A white American desirous of a
critical insight into the society in which he
flatters himself he lives could not do better
than read carefully a number of race-con
scious newspapers published for and by Ne
groes of the United States."
There are many valuable suggestions for
intensive study on the part of the white
student of race issues. Thus the author
finds what all Negroes know, that the South
was the real victor in the Civil War, that
the vote became a class distinction only
when the Negro became a candidate for it,
that no real scientific data can be deduced
from the measurement of the intelligence of
Negro and white school children until ra
cial characters can be isolated from the
effect of social environment and that col
ored Americans have at last learned the
necessity for organization and self-defense.
Altogether The Negro Faces America is a
book showing thought and research and
calling for still more thought and research.
is a play as terrible, as search
ing and as strong as anything produced
by the continental European dramatists,—
including the Scandinavian. Indeed one must
think of Ibsen, for the action progresses
from one depth of sad dreariness to another.
As a bit of writing, Miss Grimke has as
usual turned cut a fine piece of work; as
a bit of propaganda it leaves something to
be desired. Undoubtedly a better effect
would be gained by having the humiliation
of the colored children acted rather than
One lesson the play certainly
teaches: Rachel, her mother and Tom have
all let their troubles make them morbid,
whereas John Strong is quite normal. Shall
we not learn to look on color "as a state of
mind" as Miss Ovington's Hertha puts it,
—something mutable and transitory?
FIGHT stories written simply and sympa
thetically by George Madden Martin
give a new concept of the Children of the
Mist who live in Mississippi, Louisiana,
Florida, the rice fields of the Carolinas and
the backwoods of Kentucky. These are
people emerging from the fogs of slavery
and gazing through a glass darkly on a
freedom promised, but as "yet denied". Mrs.
Martin has let the characters in the main
speak for themselves so the reader must be
touched and thrilled and saddened according
to his own dictates. "The Sleeping Sick
ness" is the best story of the group, though
almost all are good. But in this one Mrs.
Martin aside from using a plot unique and
yet inevitable, lets fall one or two gems
"It ain't de law foh my boy I'm afraid uv,
Mr. Tom," Angey explained to the white
man. "En' it ain't de thought uv de law
whut is mekin' de boy look ez yo' kin see
he duz. It's de fear uv de lack uv de laiv
wi' both uv us." And later Angey, splendid
soul, says to the white woman whose son
she might have saved, "Lemme learn yo'
some'n', Miss Janie. Wu'k foh de good
will uv de colored folks in case de time
come w'en yo' gwine ter need it; it ain't no
harder wu'k dan wu'kin' for dere ill-will."
Mrs. Martin shows an almost uncanny
realization of the distrust and its ramifi
cations which colored people are inevitably
bound to have of their white neighbors. Thus
the inimitable Angey makes no" complaint of
having vainly trusted her grandson to the
sheriff. But she remarks: "When yo' gits
yo' hand in a lion's mouth, pat him en rub
him till yo' git it out, but don't yo' put it
in any mo. . . . Puttin' it anudder way, I
might say thet a mouse ought to be a fus'
rate han' to keep away f'om cat-tracks."
National • Ass ociaiion - for • (he • •
Advancement o/^ Colored-People.
FUNDS NEEDED T O FIGHT
A L L readers of T H E CRISIS and members
of the Association know of the long,
difficult and as yet undecided fight that the
Association is making to save the lives of
12 Negroes sentenced to death in Arkansas
and the freedom of 67 men sentenced to Ions
prison terms for the alleged "massacre"
in Phillips County, Ark., in October, 1919.
As announced in the November issue of
the Branch Bulletin, Colonel George W.
Murphy, who has been serving as chief
counsel of the Association in the defense of
79 men and who was most vigilant and de
termined in his efforts to save the lives of
these men, died on October 11. The cases
of the 12 men sentenced to death, were first
appealed to the Phillips County Circuit
Court, where motions for new trials were
denied. They were then appealed to the
Supreme Court of the State of Arkansas
where the verdict of the Phillips County
Circuit Court in six of the cases was re
versed and the cases remanded for new trial
and in the six remaining cases the verdict
of death was affirmed. The first six cases
on being re-tried, were re-sentenced to death
by the Phillips County Court. In the mean
time in the latter six cases a motion was
filed in the Federal Court of the Eastern
District of Arkansas for trial there on a
writ of certiorari.
Similar action was taken in the remain
ing six cases upon the men being re-sen
tenced to death. On October 11 the Su
preme Court of the United States refused a
motion to carry the cases directly from the
Arkansas State Supreme Court to the
United States Supreme Court, an effort
made by Colonel Murphy to carry the cases
immediately to the highest tribunal of the
country. This decision was rendered on the
same day that Colonel Murphy died. The
cases will now have to be fought in the
Federal Courts in Arkansas and if the
Association should meet defeat there the,
cases will then go to the Court of Appeals
of the Federal Courts. If there an un
favorable verdict is rendered then the cases
will go to the United States Supreme Court.
Immediately following the trouble in
Arkansas, the Association had little difficulty
in raising funds. To date it has expended
over $6,000 in the defense. It is obligated
at present to pay within a few weeks an
additional $5,000. That sum must be raised
within a short time if the lives of the men
in Arkansas are to be saved. The Associa
tion is therefore making an appeal to every
person who wishes to see justice done in the
cases of these men to contribute immedi
ately in as large measure as possible to the
Defense Fund. It makes this appeal to all
persons whether they contributed to the
original fund or not. Action must be taken
HAITIAN ARTICLES IN PAMPHLET FORM
four article.? by James Weldon Johnson which appeared in The Nation, to
gether with official documents secured by Mr. Johnson in Haiti last spring,
and which have caused so great an upheaval in the United States during the past
three months, have been combined and published in pamphlet form. The price is
twenty-five cents a copy, which can be obtained by writing to the National Office*
There is only a limited supply on hand. Persons desiring copies should write atl
once for them. The investigation and the report thereon form one of the most
damning indictments of imperialism ever published and should be included in the
library of every person who wishes to read and keep a record of what has been done
in the Negro republic of Haiti by the United States government and the National City
Bank of New York.
not guilty of the crime charged and, second,
that if Hill was returned to Arkansas his
life would not be safe. He thereupon re
The State of Arkansas then attempted to
secure Hill's extradition through the State
Courts of Kansas. Upon this proving un
availing they attempted to use the Federal
V I C T O R Y IN R O B E R T L. H I L L C A S E
Courts. The first charge against Hill was
L. HILL, the alleged leader of that he had "impersonated a Federal of
-*-*-the "massacre" in Phillips County, Ark., ficer." Finding that they would not be able
in 1919, has been entirely absolved of all to substantiate such a charge, the Arkansas
blame by the Attorney-General of the authorities shifted ground to a new charge
United States and both Federal charges of "conspiring with one V. E. Powell to im
against him dismissed. Thus victoriously personate a Federal officer." Judge Pollock
ends one of the most dramatic legal battles of the Federal Court of Kansas set April
in the United States since pre-Civil War 8 for a hearing on the Federal indictment.
days, when fugitive slaves sought asylum In the meantime, Walter F. White, of tha
in northern states from oppressions in the National Office, was sent to Washington,
South. The Federal Government has gone where he held a conference with Assistant
on record as recognizing that a Negro ac Attorney-General William C. Herron and
cused of a crime against a white man in a presented evidence to show, first, that the
southern state cannot receive a fair and State of Arkansas was attempting to use
the Federal Courts solely to get Hill back
A brief history of the rapidly developing within the jurisdiction of the State Courts
chain of events in this case will be of in and, second, that since Mr. U. S. Bratton, a
terest. On January 22 Mr. Hill was ar white attorney of Little Rock, who had
rested in Topeka, Kansas, and Governor prosecuted a number of white planters for
Brough asked for his extradition. The N. A. robbing Negro share croppers, had be<m
A. C. P. immediately asked Senator Arthur driven from the state under threats of death
Capper, a member of our National Board it was doubly dangerous for Hill, a colored
of Directors who was familiar with the facts man, to be carried back to that state. As a
in the case, to wire Governor Allen of Kan result of this interview the Federal Attor
sas, asking him not to grant the extradition ney at Washington ordered the United States
of Hill until the Association was able to Attorney at Little Rock to forward to
present the facts.
Senator Capper also Washington all evidence in the Hill case
wired to Hugh T. Fisher, County Attorney for examination.
of Shawnee County, Kansas, asking him to
Later, upon the hearing held before Judge
act as chief counsel for Hill. Through Sen
Pollock, a provisional extradition was grant
ator Capper's aid Governor Allen and Mr.
ed to the State of Arkansas providing that
Fisher acted promptly. Had this not been
Hill should be carried back to Arkansas to
done, there would have been but slight
be tried upon the Federal charge in the Fed
chance of Hill escaping a return to Arkan
eral Courts, and that if Hill was convicted
sas and possible lynching. Thus the aid of
upon the Federal charge, that he was to
two white members of the Association
be returned safely by the Arkansas authori
meant the saving of the life of a colored
ties to the Federal Court in Kansas.
Arkansas authorities refused to accept such
On January 27 the hearing on the ex extradition papers and Judge Pollock re
tradition proceedings was held before Gov leased Hill under a $2,000 bond for a hear
ernor Allen. In spite of the protest of At ing at the October term of Court at Leaven
torney-General Arbuckle, a continuance was worth, Kansas.
granted to permit the securing of sworn
On October 2 Mr. White was again sent
testimony showing that Hill was not tt,e to Washington for a conference with the
leader of the insurrection.
Department of Justice. The Department
immediately as the Association is dependent
upon its friends and supporters to aid it in
this critical period. The men are guilty of
no crime save that of protesting in a legal
and legitimate fashion against vicious eco
nomic exploitation. The fight must be made
to prevent their being legally lynched.
Finally, on March 23, after several hear
ings and the presentation of much evidence,
Governor Allen decided, first, that Hill was
had given the United States Attorney at
Little Rock the opportunity of saving his
face by allowing him to voluntarily dismiss
N . A . A . C . P.
the two charges against Hill. This he
refused to do, whereupon the Attorney-Gen
eral ordered both cases in the Federal
Court against Hill to be dismissed.
Thus ends one of the most dramatic legal
fights the Association has ever undertaken
and one which is undoubtedly to have a most
far-reaching effect. Special credit is due
Mr. Fisher, who, in spite of a very large
law practice and his official duties as County
Attorney, fought unceasingly for Mr. Hill's
release and who refused not only to accept
a fee, but would not even allow the Na
tional Office to reimburse him for personal
expenditures made in connection with the
Much credit is also due Messrs. James H.
Guy, Elisha Scott and A. M. Thomas, col
ored attorneys of Topeka, who loyally sup
ported and aided Mr. Fisher.
JIM-CROWISM, disfranchisement, segre
gation and lynching are still with us.
We must continue the fight against the color
line. We need the moral support of every
colored citizen, but we cannot pay the law
yers' bills or the expense of a Haitian in
vestigation with moral support. It takes
money as well as enthusiasm to do anything
To meet our various expenses we are de
pending upon the branches. Since the fun
damental purpose of the Association is the
"Advancement of Colored People," colored
people ought to support it to the best of
their ability. Some branches are doing their
full share, others are doing less, and still
others are doing nothing. Simply to keep a
branch on record costs the Association annu
ally $9.30. The National Office apportioned
among the various branches, according to the
colored population of the community, the
amount necessary to insure the carrying out
of Jhe program for 1920. This was pub
lished in T H E CRISIS for August. We are
quite confident that these amounts were not
impossible sums if the officers and the exec
utive committees took their work and the re
sponsibility connected with it* seriously. It
may be that some of them are much too busy
to give adequate time to the Association.
If so, it is only fair to the branches that
they yield their places to others.
The National Office does not want to drop
any branches but it does not feel that it can
carry for another year those branches which
are doing no active work and giving no finan
Below is a list of those branches from
whom no word has been received since Jan
uary 1, 1920. This list is published in order
COLORED REFT/GEES AFTER A SOUTHERN FIRE
to g i v e the officers and m e m b e r s of these
b r a n c h e s an o p p o r t u n i t y to revive them and
to p r e v e n t the revocation o f their c h a r t e r s .
C h a r t e r s o f delinquent branches will be re
voked at the J a n u a r y meeting o f the B o a r d
o f D i r e c t o r s unless some r e p o r t is received
f r o m them p r i o r to that date. I f the officers
of these branches will take no action, w e are
inviting the members to write to the Nation
al Office if they wish to keep their b r a n c h
P i n e Bluff
E v a n st o n
N E W JERSEY
N E W MEXICO
SOUTH C A R O L I N A
M u m ford
O r a n ge
THE N o m i n a t i n g C o m m i t t e e f o r m e m b e r s
of the B o a r d o f D i r e c t o r s o f the N a
tional A s s o c i a t i o n f o r the A d v a n c e m e n t o f
Colored P e o p l e r e p o r t s these nominees f o r
terms e x p i r i n g D e c e m b e r 3 1 , 1 9 2 3 :
D r . J. M a x B a r b e r , P h i l a d e l p h i a .
P r o f . G e o r g e W . Cook, W a s h i n g t o n , D . C.
Mr. H a r r y E . D a v i s , Cleveland.
Mr. A . H . G r i m k e , W a s h i n g t o n , D . C.
Rev. J o h n H a y n e s H o l m e s , N e w Y o r k .
D r . V . M o r t o n Jones, N e w Y o r k .
Mr. J o h n E . Milholland, N e w Y o r k .
Mr. J. E . S p i n g a r n , N e w Y o r k .
Mr. Moorfield S t o r e y , B o s t o n .
Mr. W i l l i a m E n g l i s h W a l l i n g , N e w Y o r k .
The N o m i n a t i n g C o m m i t t e e :
HARRY H .
ROBERT R .
T the D e c e m b e r m e e t i n g o f the B o a r d o f
Directors, James Weldon Johnson, Act
ing S e c r e t a r y of the N . A . A . C. P., was
elected S e c r e t a r y .
Mr. Johnson w a s born in Jacksonville,
Fla., in 1871. H e w a s educated at A t l a n t a
and Columbia Universities, and has acted as
United States Consul in V e n e z u e l a and
H e j o i n e d the N a t i o n a l A s s o
ciation as Field S e c r e t a r y in 1917. He is a
well-known a u t h o r and poet.
T H E
A n n u a l M e e t i n g o f the N a t i o n a l A s
sociation f o r the A d v a n c e m e n t o f Col
ored People will be held in the E a s t R o o m
of the Sage F o u n d a t i o n , 130 E a s t T w e n t y second Street, N e w Y o r k City, on the
noon o f M o n d a y , J a n u a r y 3, at t w o o'clock.
branches and the nominations f o r D i r e c t o r s
will be voted upon.
The Looking Glass
man o f A f r i c a , f o r he has at least proved
himself a man.
W e in E n g l a n d o w e o u r
N e g r o brother-subject a g r e a t debt o f grati
tude f o r all he has done f o r our beloved E m
pire. M a n y a native of Nigeria has trekked
his last trek and f o u g h t his lasc fight f a r
a w a y from his own land f o r the sake o f that
E m p i r e which has given him freedom, justice
and all that makes life w o r t h living. Rus
kin once said that w a r w a s an injustice of
the ignoblest kind at once to God and Man,
which must be stemmed f o r the sake of them
both. This story has been written f o r the
express purpose o f letting the outside world
know h o w nobly the W e s t A f r i c a n soldier
has helped to stem this tide o f injustice to
T h e narrative abounds in acts of heroism
performed b y Nigerian soldiers, in remain
ing with wounded officers under h e a v y fire
or shielding them with their own bodies. O f
S e r g e a n t - M a j o r Belo A k u r e , the hero o f a
dozen fights, Captain Downes s a y s :
"I can honestly state I have never seen a
braver man. His one idea is that his officers
must on no account run into unnecessary
d a n g e r ; on no account will he let an officer
go in front o f him on a road. A n y cover
that is handy must be reserved to conceal
the officers, even if he himself must lie down
in the open. I have seen him deliberately
g e t in front of a E u r o p e a n so that i f any
one should be hit it would be himself."
THE time d r a w s near the birth of Christ;
T h e moon is hid, the night is still •
A single church below the hill
Is pealing, folded in the mist.
R i n g o u t false pride in place and blood,
T h e civic slander and the s p i t e ;
R i n g in the love o f truth and right,
R i n g in the common love o f good.
T e n n y s o n : In
John H . H a r r i s writes us concerning his
f o r t h c o m i n g book, Africa—Slave
This is n o w about to be published in the
United States b y Messrs. Dutton.
pared this little book with the single object
of g i v i n g a bird's-eye view o f A f r i c a and the
A f r i c a n t o d a y — economically, politically,
ethically, religiously. The book" has been
w a r m l y received here [London-], and is being
widely adopted by students and organiza
tions, as a text-book, and I can safely say
that no one can peruse this book without
h a v i n g at their fingers' ends the A B C o f
the A f r i c a n situation.
I k n o w there is no
such book on the m a r k e t anywhere.
T h e N e w Y o r k CaU s a y s :
W . E . B . D u B o i s ' intense
and m o v i n g study o f the position o f the
darker races in the modern world, is soon to
a p p e a r in a F r e n c h translation. The pub
lishers, H a r c o u r t , B r a c e & H o w e , announce
that a third printing of the book has been
found necessary here.
Important periodical literature on the Ne
g r o during the current y e a r :
A m e r i c a ' s Ireland—Haiti, Santo D o m i n g o .
Nation, F e b r u a r y 21, '20.
N e g r o Problem in South A f r i c a .
M a r c h 13, '20.
Prince o f A b y s s i n i a Makes History. W .
A . A n d e r s o n . Travel, M a r c h , '20.
P r o b l e m o f E g y p t . Review of
Politics vs. Progress in South A f r i c a . C.
D a w b o r n . Living Age, June 19, '20.
Our Debt to N e g r o Sculpture.
Digest, July 17, '20.
A r e W e Going to A c t Justly in A f r i c a ?
S. Olivier. Contemporary
Review, A u g u s t ,
Johnson. Nation, A u g u s t 28, '20.
A n E n g l i s h m a n , Captain W . D . Downes,
M. C , has written With the Nigerians
German East Africa.
(Methuen, L o n d o n . )
T h e Spectator
Captain D o w n e s writes t h r o u g h o u t as one
w h o felt it an honor to g o through this cam
p a i g n with the W . A . F . F., as one " w h o
suffered and laughed, f o u g h t and trekked,
worked and rested, starved and fed with
this gallant band o f black volunteers from
N i g e r i a , f o r it must be remembered that
e v e r y N i g e r i a n soldier that w e n t to German
E a s t A f r i c a volunteered his services f o r
that c a m p a i g n . I am sure that if those pio
neers o f N i g e r i a , Glover and F r e e m a n , could
have seen the regiment, o f which they were
the founders, at M a h i w a , they would have
seen something o f which they would have
been j u s t l y proud. . . .
I hope that
when m y readers have read this account,
p o o r l y told as it is b y an amateur writer,
they will in f u t u r e respect the fighting black
M A G A Z I N E speaks o f three
Indians, particularly o f Bal G a n g a d a r
P r o b a b l y no t w o men have been m o r e in
fluential in modern India than G. K. Gokhale
and B . G. Tilak. In spirit and method these
t w o Indian leaders represent opposite types
—the one a distinguished statesman and or
ator, the other h a v i n g neither eloquence nor
instinct f o r public affairs, but wielding g r e a t
influence through his two n e w s p a p e r s pub
lished at P o o n a , the Mahratta,
and the Kesari, in Mahrati. Tilak's s t o r m y
career has just come to an end, to the g r e a t
grief of nationalist India.
H e had extra
ordinary personal gifts and the p o w e r of
inspiring fanatical devotion, and f o r f o r t y
years he has been at the head of the nation
alist movement. In India his name is one
with which to w o r k m a g i c or terror.
was either adored or passionately opposed.
Bal G a n g a d a r Tilak was sixty-five years
of age when he died. He was a M a h r a t t a
by race, a B r a h m a n by caste, a l a w y e r by
profession, and a j o u r n a l i s t b y choice. W h e n
yet a y o u n g man, he was prosecuted by the
g o v e r n m e n t f o r d e f a m i n g a native ruler, the
Diwan of Kolhapur, w h o m he accused of
cruelty. H e served his sentence o f a hun
dred days in prison, and came out resolved
to free his c o u n t r y f r o m b u r e a u c r a c y . T h e
nationalist m o v e m e n t that he started in the
early eighties at Poona was the foundation
of the Y o u n g India party, which swept the
whole peninsula. Y e a r after year found him
in difficulties with the government. Finally,
in 1907, the extremists, o f w h o m he w a s Lhe
leader, broke up the National C o n g r e s s at
Surat, b o m b s w e r e hurled in B o m b a y , and
Tilak was again arrested.
His long-drawn out trial before a Parsee
j u d g e and j u r y w a s a sensation. Tilak con
ducted his own defense, and his address t o
the c o u r t lasted six d a y s . H e w a s convicted
and sentenced to six y e a r s ' imprisonment in
the fortress at Mandalay, f r o m which he
was released only a f e w weeks before the
outbreak o f the great war. Visitors to Lon
don last year, during the debates on the bill
which has made radical changes in the g o v
ernment of India, m i g h t have seen him, a
conspicuous figure w e a r i n g the m a g e n t a
turban o f his race, at every session of the
House o f Commons and in the committeeroom o f the House of Lords, where he ap
peared as a delegate of the National Con
gress of India.
Sanskrit students who knew Bal G a n g a d a r
Tilak hold t h a t if his life had not been
devoted to politics, he would have been in
the front rank of orientalists.
H e is the
author o f a curious, widely discussed book,
" T h e A r c t i c H o m e of the V e d a s , " written
during his prison terms, and designed to
prove by astronomical and other evidence
that the g r e a t A r y a n migration began from
a region within the A r c t i c circle.
T h e third Indian is a p h y s i o l o g i s t :
A n Indian scientist, P r o f e s s o r Jagadis C.
Bose, is one of the most talked-of physiolo
gists of E u r o p e . N e a r l y t w e n t y years a g o
he read a paper in London, before the R o y a l
Society, s h o w i n g that tin could be tired and
iron could suffer f r o m an affection c o r r e
sponding to tetanus in h u m a n b e i n g s . W h e n
he w e n t on to assert that plants could g i v e
response to electric impulse, m e m b e r s o f the
society declared that electric response as de
scribed in the p a p e r w a s absolutely impossi
ble. Bose took up the challenge, and within
a year had p r o v e d his point to the satisfac
tion o f the R o y a l Society itself.
Bose's g r e a t success in this line o f re
search is the result of his m a r v e l o u s skill
in the construction of m i c r o - a p p a r a t u s f o r
detecting the smallest m o v e m e n t s in plants.
Several years a g o he perfected a mechanism
that magnified one hundred thousand times,
enabling him t o r e c o r d g r o w t h at the rata
of a hundred-thousandth p a r t o f an inch per
second. " M a n is never satisfied," said Bose,
and n o w he has succeeded in c o n s t r u c t i n g
an a p p a r a t u s that magnifies a million times.
To realize w h a t this means, the p r o f e s s o r
points out that if the snail's p a c e could be
s o magnified, it w o u l d r a c e f o r t y times
around the earth in t w e n t y - f o u r hours. In
this a p p a r a t u s the slightest m o v e m e n t up
sets a v e r y delicately balanced m a g n e t i c sys
tem, with a m i r r o r deflecting a r a y o f light
to the e x t r e m i t y of an arc o f a n y desired
EDUCATION IN SOUTH
Greenville, S. C., one D a v e T r a x l e r
urges the citizens not to refuse Federal
educational aid (as provided f o r under the
Smith-Hughes l a w ) in the f e a r t h a t Uncle
Sam will insist on the attendance o f white
and black at the same schools, o r the em
ployment o f N e g r o teachers, f o r w h i t e pu
pils. He has p r o o f positive not only that
such will not be the case, but t h a t colored
citizens will n o t even secure their share of
such an a p p r o p r i a t i o n . T a k e , f o r instance,
this interesting letter a p p e a r i n g in the
L A U R E N S , S.
Hon. D. B. Traxler, Greenville, S. C.:
I shall gladly give y o u the facts referred
to in y o u r inquiry some d a y s a g o . I shall
itemize these f a c t s s e p a r a t e l y :
Total expenditures f o r N e g r o
Total number white teachers . .
Total number N e g r o t e a c h e r s . .
Total n u m b e r of white schools.
Total number o f N e g r o s c h o o l s .
Total white enrollment
Total N e g r o enrollment
The teaching o f V o c a t i o n a l A g r i c u l t u r e
under the Smith-Hughes L a w has been satis
f a c t o r y at G r a y C o u r t and at L a u r e n s in
this c o u n t y .
U n d e r this l a w the F e d e r a l G o v e r n m e n t
p a y s one-half o f the s a l a r y ; the State onefourth and the local c o m m u n i t y the other.
In the plan here at Laurens the communi
ties o f Prospect, Copeland, T r i n i t y R i d g e
and Laurens received the full time o f a
teacher and a c o m m u n i t y w o r k e r f o r the
sum o f $440.00. T h e same was the case at
G r a y C o u r t - O w i n g s w h e r e the service o f a
full-time teacher w a s received f o r one-fourth
of his salary, the national g o v e r n m e n t and
state g o v e r n m e n t p a y i n g the other threefourths.
V e r y truly,
Superintendent o f Education, Laurens Coun
ty, South Carolina.
E i g h t years later (a period to which the
folk-songs often r e f e r ) , Napoleon's soldiers
threatened the W e s t Indies. A large number
of whites and mulatto refugees with their
slaves had escaped in the St. D o m i n g a n in
surrection and fled to Cuba. T h e y w e r e now
by the w a r between F r a n c e and Spain, again
forced to become exiles, and within three
summer months o f 1809, over five thousand
persons, white, free mulattoes, and black
slaves, came to N e w Orleans f r o m Cuba.
They continued to emigrate f r o m Cuba,
Guadeloupe and other French W e s t Indies,
until about ten thousand persons, t w o thou
sand o f w h o m w e r e free people of color,
took refuge in N e w Orleans.
A n o t h e r letter r e a d s :
GREENVILLE, S. C , A u g u s t 16, 1920.
Mr. D. B. Traxler, Greenville, S. C:
M y D e a r Sir—
U n d e r the terms o f the Smith-Hughes act,
passed by Congress in 1917, there has been
spent in Greenville county during the last
school year, ending J u l y 1, 1920, the sum of
$3,265.00, which amount w a s appropriated
by the Federal g o v e r n m e n t f o r the teaching
of agriculture and other subjects in the sev
eral schools so aided. N o n e o f the money
so contributed w a s used f o r the teaching of
Negroes o r was used to hire N e g r o teach
ers, and the spending o f the funds so a p p r o
priated was left absolutely in the hands of
the State authorities.
W i t h kind regards and good wishes, I am,
Y o u r s v e r y truly,
M. C. BARTON,
Superintendent o f Education,
Greenville, S. C.
C U N E Y H A R E writes in the
; * Musical
The history o f the Creole folk-song of
A m e r i c a is interwoven with the history of
the southwest section of the country and
particularly that o f the State o f Louisiana.
In A u g u s t , 1779, in the w a r o f A m e r i c a n
Independence, a little a r m y of 1,430 men
composed o f Creoles, t w o c o m p a n i e s o f which
w e r e free men o f color, and 160 Indians,
marched under Galvez t o defend themselves
against the British.
F o r 16 years Louis
iana, w h i c h had been founded b y French
i m m i g r a n t s under Iberville, had been a
Spanish possession—a g i f t o f K i n g Louis
X V to his Spanish cousin, Charles III of
In 1791, N e g r o e s o f Santo D o m i n g o rose
in rebellion and a f e w refugees found their
w a y to Louisiana. Skilled in sugar-making,
they revived this prosperous industry which
had l o n g remained dormant, although sugar
cane had been introduced 40 years previous
by the Jesuits o f St. D o m i n g o .
By 1788 the Louisiana province contained
1,701 free men and 21,465 slaves amidst the
French and Spanish settlers. T h e Carmelite
Convent played its p a r t in these early days,
as an educational centre.
H e r e attended
both white and free colored children; m a n y
of the latter class had wealthy parents w h o
paid a high price f o r their tuition.
dren of the wealthy were sent to Paris to
complete their education. In fact, says an
old Creole neighbor and friend of m y g r a n d
mother, Mons. V i c t o r , w h o came to N e w Or
leans from Martinique in 1847, " M a n y o f the
women and children did not k n o w whether
they were Creoles or white, n o r could the
whites themselves tell w h o was white and
who was Creole, so generally was the popu
lation mixed, while the city was largely
French in manners and life."
The town of St. Martinsville on the Bayou
Teche, w a s nicknamed " L e petit Paris," and
here it was that K i n g Louis Phillipe (when
Duke of Orleans) was entertained.
streets, banquetts, w e should say,
were bright with color, the nights filled with
song and laughter.
T h r o u g h the scene the
people of color add the spice o f c o l o r in the
l i f e ; they add the zest of r o m a n c e . " W i t h
the French spirit greatly predominating,
from this mingling o f races s p r a n g the Cre
ole, and in this environment, the Creole song.
W h o are the Creoles? The w o r d itself is
used in E u r o p e as well as in the French
W e s t Indies and in the South-West section
of this country. " C r e o l e " as used to denote
race is a term that is continually being mis
understood and w a r m l y argued. T h e w o r d
" C r e o l e " is f r o m the Spanish " C r i o l l o " and
the French verb " c r e e r " to create—a created
the Spanish Creoles, Calderon in
"Latin A m e r i c a " says, the three races, Ibe
rian, Indian and A f r i c a n , united by blood,
f r o m the population o f Spanish A m e r i c a ,
while A r t h u r R. G r a y in " T h e N e w W o r l d "
says, the E u r o p e a n established in A m e r i c a
becomes a C r e o l e ; his is a new race, the
final product o f secular unions. I f all the
races o f the n e w world w e r e finally to unite,
the Creole would be the real A m e r i c a n .
joseph and mary come to bethlehem
AT last we've reached the town where in a b y g o n e y e a r
Prince D a v i d s a w the light,—that k i n g w i t h o u t a peer.
" T a k e c o u r a g e , M a r y m i n e ; beside yon c l i m b i n g spire
Nestles a little inn, 'tis there w e shall retire."
T h e w a t c h m a n in the t o w e r
Cries, " S e v e n is n o w the h o u r . "
" A h ! sir, within your house m a y w e not shelter find—
Some little quiet n o o k ? F o r heaven's sake be k i n d ! "
" Y o u r plea is all in v a i n ; you two must further f a r e ;
M y house is filled with f o l k ; seek l o d g i n g s o t h e r w h e r e . "
T h e w a t c h m a n in the t o w e r
Calls, " S e v e n is still the hour."
" W e ' l l seek another p l a c e ; see that house opposite,
A l l b r i g h t with light and cheer,—'tis there we'll sup and sit."
"Joseph, y o u r a r m ! D e a r G o d ! I find myself so w e a k .
I cannot travel more, or o t h e r -lodgings seek."
T h e w a t c h m a n in the t o w e r
W a r n s , " E i g h t is n o w the h o u r . "
" H o ! H o s t o f the Three C r o w n s , tell me, you must have r o o m
Some little hole for two. W e ' l l n o t mind dust o r g l o o m ! "
"I take but noble folk w h o p a y a handsome meed.
Begone you b e g g a r s ! G o ! I hate y o u r l o w l y b r e e d ! "
" A h ! sir, upon m y knees, f o r g r e a t Jehovah's sake,
I p r a y you scorn us n o t ; w e have so much at s t a k e ! "
" A w a y , p o o r carpenter, some other shelter find,
M y house w a s never meant f o r people o f your k i n d ! "
T h e w a t c h m a n in the t o w e r
Sighs, " N i n e is n o w the h o u r . "
" A h ! M a d a m e auburn-haired, f o r God's sake g i v e to me
Some shelter, some retreat within y o u r h o s t e l r y ! "
" W h y I've no bed m y s e l f ; tonight all c o m f o r t l e s s
Upon a bed o f straw, I'll shiver in distress!"
" O h , M a d a m e ! " M a r y begs in tears and on her knees,
" Y o u realize m y p l i g h t : compassion, if you p l e a s e ! "
translated by jessie
" Y e s , Mother-soon-to-be, your plight is v e r y c l e a r ;
Y o u r time is imminent—it must not happen here."
T h e w a t c h m a n in the tower
M o a n s , " T e n is n o w the hour."
" A t least until I find some shelter, some retreat,
Y o u ' l l let her linger here, upon that vacant s e a t ? "
" O f course she m a y , p o o r child. 'Tis plain she needs to rest.
Quick, t r y the W h i t e H o r s e Inn o r else the M a g p i e ' s Nest."
" Y o u chattering, foolish w i f e ! " a shrill voice cries in scorn,
" Y o u ' l l linger at the door till night turns into m o r n ? "
" H u s h , that's m y husband! G o ! W e ' l l have to separate!
F a r e w e l l , farewell, good f o l k ; God's m e r c y be y o u r f a t e ! "
One wails within the t o w e r —
" E l e v e n is the h o u r n o w . "
P o o r Joseph in despair and utterly unable
T o find a l o d g i n g fit, espies a little stable.
W i t h i n this l o w l y home, as prophesied Isaiah,
The little Christ is born, the Lord, the world's Messiah.
T h e watchman in the tower
Chants, " M i d n i g h t is the hour."
Chimes out each h a p p y bell.
B r i n g frankincense and m y r r h !
P l a y pipe and dulcimer!
R i n g bells with silvery v o i c e !
T h e Christ is born, r e j o i c e !
T h e Christ, so l o n g foretold
B y prophets n e w and old,
T h e Christ f o r w h o m w e ' v e yearned,
T o us at last hath turned.
P l a y p i p e ! P l a y dulcimer!
A l l things that ever w e r e
T h e h a p p y chorus swell,—
— A n old French Chanson
A n t i - S l a v e r y and A b o r i g i n e s P r o
tection Society presents the case o f the
e x p r o p r i a t i o n of the M a s h o n a and Matabele
territory in A f r i c a :
T h e cardinal f a c t of the land situation was
that the ownership o f the entire lands o f
Southern Rhodesia w a s declared b y the
Chartered C o m p a n y to be vested in them as
a c o m m e r c i a l asset, that is to say, t h a t the
lands p r a c t i c a l l y belonged not to the native
inhabitants but to p r i v a t e persons in this
c o u n t r y w h o happened to be shareholders in
the c o m p a n y . This contention carried with
it the logical sequence that the natives o f
these territories had (and h a v e ) lost all
ownership rights to their lands—that no
single M a s h o n a o r Matabele owned o r owns,
either b y tribal o r individual right, the
g r o u n d on which his hut is erected, the
gardens he tills, or w h a t e v e r y student o f
A f r i c a knows, o r should k n o w , is dearer
and more sacred to him even than to the
E u r o p e a n , the burial g r o u n d s of his family.
It cannot be too clearly understood that the
expropriation o f the land ownership rights
of the 800,000 natives o f Southern Rhodesia
is absolute in degree, and applies to every
native f r o m the f a m i l y o f L o b e n g u l a to
every private individual in the territory—
not a vestige of native ownership remains.
H e r e is the much vaunted British j u s t i c e :
T h e total costs incidental to the native
case have been about £7,000, which sum the
A n t i - S l a v e r y and A b o r i g i n e s Protection So
ciety advanced f o r the natives. T h e Chart
ered C o m p a n y refuses, and the British Gov
ernment, though it can do so, will not insist
upon the application o f the resolution o f the
Legislative Council to the costs o f the native
case. This attitude obviously implies that
the M a s h o n a and Matabele people are not
to be deemed p a r t o f the "inhabitants and
p e o p l e " o f Southern R h o d e s i a — e x c e p t , o f
course, f o r purposes o f t a x a t i o n !
J a p a n has no notion of sitting quiet under
A m e r i c a n racial distinction. A n A s s o c i a t e
Press dispatch tells u s :
T h e Japanese Government, as a result of
yesterday's meeting o f the Cabinet, will, in
the first place, v i g o r o u s l y pursue the nego
tiations c o n c e r n i n g A m e r i c a n anti-Japanese
legislation, and, in the second place, will
push firmly the question o f racial equality
in the L e a g u e of Nations conferences, ac
c o r d i n g to the Hochi Shimbun today. These
decisions will be considered further at to
day's meeting o f the Diplomatic A d v i s o r y
Council, the n e w s p a p e r says.
A g r a d u a t e o f Columbia University, N e w
Y o r k , M . Osako, w h o followed Representa
tive K o d a m a , attributed the anti-Japanese
sentiment in the United States to racial dif
ferences. H e declared that the whites w e r e
o p p r e s s i n g the colored races, backed b y the
p o w e r and influence o f cvilization. J a p a n
w a s the o n l y c o u n t r y s t r o n g l y o p p o s i n g
white oppression, M . Osako asserted, and
therefore had incurred the hatred o f the
In his address to the P r o v i n c i a l G o v e r n o r s
yesterday, P r e m i e r H a r a said the situation
of the w o r l d never w a s more- strained than
Hitherto, he declared, Japan's
problems had been confined to the Orient,
but international competition had arisen, re
sulting in a marked increase in J a p a n ' s re
sponsibility to the w o r l d and the expansion
of her national expenditure.
DR. J A C Q U E S F A I T L O V I T C H , o f Ge
neva, tells of the existence o f black
Jews in A b y s s i n i a . H e writes in the Amer
ican Jewish Year
In A b y s s i n i a , in the vast e m p i r e o f the
N e g u s , exist J e w s called " F a l a s h a s . "
skin o f a light b l a c k color and the regular
and finely cut features w h i c h characterize
them speak o f a n o n - A f r i c a n r a c e .
n a m e " F a l a s h a , " a s u r n a m e g i v e n to them
b y the natives, s i g n i f y i n g exiled immigrants,
proves t h a t they are s t r a n g e r s w h o came
f r o m abroad to establish themselves in Ethi
opia. T h e y called themselves B e t a Israel
( " T h e H o u s e o f I s r a e l " ) , a n d with great
pride state that they are the offspring o f the
stock of A b r a h a m , I s a a c and J a c o b . Cer
tainly no historical d o c u m e n t s exist in writ
ing, but theirl oral traditions,
transmitted f r o m f a t h e r to son, sustain
even to this day, as they h a v e maintained
t h r o u g h o u t the centuries in this remote cor
ner o f the D a r k Continent, the assertion of
descent f r o m o u r ancestors, and this sincere
claim, n e x t to their religious h o p e , is their
most cherished h e i r l o o m . W h e n evils befall
them, it constitutes their strength and their
consolation. T h e y a l w a y s s h o w themselves
w o r t h y sons o f our people, and in the past
they have m a n y times demonstrated that
they possess the characteristics o f o u r race,
the v i v i f y i n g f o r c e o f the existence o f Israel.
This quality distinguishes them f r o m their
c o m p a t r i o t s , all o f w h o m . Christians, Mus
lims and P a g a n s , b e a r witness to the rela
tionship o f the F a l a s h a s to the J e w i s h race
A m o n g the F a l a s h a s there exist no differ
ences o f religion n o r a n y distinction o f class.
A l l profess the same faith, practise the same
customs, and live on a basis o f equality.
T h e priests and the Dabteras [learned m e n ]
f o l l o w trades, and w o r k like e v e r y b o d y else
to p r o v i d e f o r their needs.
O n l y in the
m a t t e r o f h e a d g e a r are they distinguished
f r o m the o t h e r s ; they w e a r t u r b a n s o f white
cloth, while the other F a l a s h a s , like all
A b y s s i n i a n s , g o bare-headed b y d a y and by
night, indoors as well as out o f d o o r s .
T h e i r o c c u p a t i o n , o r i g i n a l l y t h a t o f mili
t a r y m e r c e n a r y service u n d e r the different
sovereigns, and l a t e r trade on the banks o f
the Nile and on the littoral of the Red Sea,
is m a i n l y a g r i c u l t u r e and manual labor.
T h e y are in their c o u n t r y almost the only
people w h o are able to follow, with any skill,
the trades w h i c h are practiced in A b y s s i n i a ,
and thanks t o their skill they are on good
terms with their non-Jewish c o m p a t r i o t s .
A b y s s i n i a needs the F a l a s h a s w h o furnish
the articles indispensable f o r the mainten
ance o f the country.
The publicity methods of the W a s h i n g
ton, D . C , Post with r e g a r d to N e g r o e s
speak f o r themselves:
S N A T C H E S GIRL'S PURSE
Unidentified N e g r o T a k e s $16.50 F r o m Tel
ephone O p e r a t o r
Helen Barnes, 17 years old, living on
Sligo Mill road, n e a r Blair road northeast,
reported to the police last n i g h t that she had
a pocketbook containing $16.50 and some
c a r tokens snatched b y an unidentified N e g r o
as she w a s c r o s s i n g a lot n e a r B l a i r road
and Rittenhouse road on her w a y home.
Miss Barnes is a telephone operator, and
told the police last night that she has noticed
a N e g r o loitering about several times. T h e
case was investigated b y policemen f r o m the
Tenth Precinct and Detectives Thompson
and E m b r e y , of headquarters.
But the retraction carefully refrains f r o m
stating the truth until the very end o f the
p a r a g r a p h so that he w h o runs m a y not
Helen M . Barnes, 17 years old, w h o re
ported t o the police o f the Tenth Precinct
last Saturday night t h a t she had been at
tacked b y a N e g r o and robbed o f a purse
containing $16.50, signed a statement at p o
lice headquarters yesterday to the effect that
she had not been robbed o f any money o r
attacked by a N e g r o .
C H A R L E S BERTRAM J O H N S O N
turn I will o r may,
• * T h e y fall across my. o n w a r d w a y ;
chance here to be nobler men—
Filled with the conscious breath of
W h e t h e r free in the city's din,
Or delving wisely in the sod.
B u t w h a t I yield not heart to see,
I k n o w can never master me.
day the clouds
*• G r o w cold and fall,
A n d soft the white fleece shrouds
Field, hill and w a l l ;
A n d n o w I know
W h y comes the s n o w :
The bare black places lie
T o o near the sky.
Men of the month
DR. E . M. B R A W L E Y has retired f r o m
the pulpit a t W h i t e R o c k
Church, D u r h a m , N . C , after 8 y e a r s '
service. D u r i n g this period the debt on the
church has been reduced f r o m $20,000 t o
$7,000, all c u r r e n t expenses have been met
and a p a r s o n a g e has been purchased. T h e
congregation presented Dr. B r a w l e y with a
silver loving c u p .
Dr. B r a w l e y w a s horn in 1851 at Charles
ton, S. C. H e was the first student in the
school o f t h e o l o g y at H o w a r d U n i v e r s i t y .
In 1875 he w a s graduated f r o m Bucknell
D r . B r a w l e y has organized
Baptist churches, S u n d a y schools and con
ventions t h r o u g h o u t the South and is the
author o f a " C o m m e n t a r y o n M a r k " , a text
book on E v a n g e l i s m , a n u m b e r o f tracts
and pamphlets, and editor of The
a monthly pamphlet.
H e was president of
Selma U n i v e r s i t y f o r 4 years and in 1908
founded M o r r i s College at Sumter, S. C.
The well-known Benjamin G. B r a w l e y , the
author and historian, is his son.
Trinidad, B . W . I., E m a n u e l M z u m b o
L a z a r e has been appointed as the first
N e g r o member o f the Legislative Council
by L o r d Milner, to succeed N o r m a n L a
mont. T h e H o n . M r . L a z a r e w a s born at
N e w T o w n , P o r t of Spain, Trinidad, on D e
cember 24, 1864. In 1891 he m a r r i e d V i r
ginia Noelize S w o a r d , w h o recently died.
Mr. Lazare was the first N e g r o to pass the
examination o f the L a w Society, Inc., of
E n g l a n d ; in 1888 he succeeded in h a v i n g
the Governor, Sir W i l l i a m R o b i n s o n , de
clare a public holiday in celebration o f the
jubilee of N e g r o e m a n c i p a t i o n ; as a Lieu
tenant, in 1897, he w a s one o f the officers
of the military contingent at the D i a m o n d
Jubilee celebration o f Queen V i c t o r i a . H e
serves on the Ground Provisions Committee
and is a member of the A g r i c u l t u r a l So
ciety o f Trinidad and T o b a g o , an a d v i s o r y
member o f the Trinidad W o r k i n g m e n ' s A s
sociation and the only N e g r o m e m b e r o f
the B o a r d o f A g r i c u l t u r e ; sketches o f his
life with p h o t o g r a p h s have appeared in The
Graphic, The Sketch, Black and White, and
Army and Navy, all popular English papers.
T h e Grenada says o f M r . L a z a r e :
stands up in his manhood as a full blooded
N e g r o with n o apology f o r his existence."
w a s born
•* • W a s h i n g t o n , D . C , w h e r e he attended
the public schools and H o w a r d University.
H e is the son of the late P r o f e s s o r J o h n T.
Layton, f r o m w h o m he received most o f
his musical training. F o r the popular song
field Mr. L a y t o n has written " S w e e t E m a
lina M y Gal", " S w e e t and P r e t t y " , " E v e r y
body's C r a z y ' B o u t the D o g g o n e Blues",
" G o o d - B y e A l e x a n d e r " , "Cute Little W i g
glin' D a n c e " , " A f t e r Y o u ' r e G o n e " ; he has
written restricted songs f o r such vaude
ville headliners as B e r t W i l l i a m s , N o r a
Bayes, Eddie L e o n a r d , Stella
Blanche R i n g , E m m a Carus, A l Jolson,
E d d i e Cantor, E v a T a n g u a y , V a n and
Schenk and Belle Baker.
M r . L a y t o n has as his c o l l a b o r a t o r M r .
H e n r y S. C r e a m e r . M r . C r e a m e r w a s born
in R i c h m o n d , V a . , June 2 1 , 1879, the son
o f the R e v . H e n r y Creamer.
H e attended
the public and high schools of N e w Y o r k
City. F o r m a n y years he was an instructor
and demonstrator o f stage d a n c i n g , the first
d r a m a t i c c r i t i c f o r the Amsterdam
and a f o u n d e r o f the Clef Club. A m o n g
M r . C r e a m e r ' s w o r k s a r e the lyrics for
" T o o M u c h I s a a c s " , " D a n d y D i x i e Min
strels", the late E r n e s t H o g a n ' s "Oyster
m a n " , S. H . D u d l e y ' s " S m a r t Set", R o g e r
and C r e a m e r ' s " O l d M a n ' s B o y " , and the
f o l l o w i n g s o n g s : " D e a r Old M o o n l i g h t " .
" W h y D o Y o u W a i t for T o m o r r o w " , "Dear
est M e m o r i e s " , " I ' v e G o t the F i n e s t M a n " ,
" D r o o p D e m E y e s " , " C l e f Club Chant",
" T w e n t y Y e a r s " , " I ' m W i l d A b o u t Moon
shine" and " S h o w M e H o w . "
T h e complete musical score of M r . and
M r s . Coburn's B r o a d w a y p r o d u c t i o n , " T h r e e
S h o w e r s " , w h i c h p l a y e d in N e w Y o r k City
at the H a r r i s T h e a t r e , w a s w r i t t e n by
Messrs. L a y t o n and Creamer, w h o also have
succeeded in h a v i n g o v e r t h i r t y composi
tions recorded with the V i c t o r , Columbia
and E m e r s o n p h o n o g r a p h c o m p a n i e s .
J O S H U A H E N R Y J O N E S , JR., the son of
B i s h o p J. H . Jones o f the A . M . E.
Church, w a s b o r n at O r a n g e b u r g , S . C ,
N o v e m b e r 22, 1876. W h i l e in Central High
School, at Columbus, h e contributed verse
to the Ohio Sunday State Journal
the high school p a p e r , o f w h i c h he w a s a
In his senior y e a r he w o n the
prize f o r the class s o n g f o r w h i c h there
w e r e 135 contestants.
H e attended Ohio
State and Y a l e Universities and w a s grad
uated f r o m B r o w n U n i v e r s i t y in 1903. H e
secured a position w i t h the
News as sports editor and after three years,
was made head of the L a b o r D e p a r t m e n t of
the p a p e r and later founded the Union Ad
a w e e k l y publication devoted to
union news. H e has served as head o f the
sports d e p a r t m e n t o f the W o r c e s t e r Evening
Post; assistant city and n e w s editor oi the
L a w r e n c e Sun-American;
c i t y editor o f the
with a staff of
f r o m 25 to 30 m e n ; and a m e m b e r o f the
editorial staff o f the Boston
M r . J o n e s has published t h r o u g h
Stratford C o m p a n y , B o s t o n , a v o l u m e o f
poems, " T h e H e a r t o f the W o r l d " , a book
o f elegant style, noble t h o u g h t and deep
B E . E . M.
JOSHUA H. JONES,
A L L I S O N
ored singers t h a t w o u l d p a c k the l a r g e s t
MUSIC AND A R T
' I ""HE St. Louis Post Dispatch,
a white auditorium in the c i t y w i t h m u s i c lovers
daily, has reproduced in its r o t o g r a v u r e of all races and c o l o r s . "
section a bust of the late M m e . C. J. W a l
ker made b y E . C. Gaither, a N e g r o sculp
C o r p o r a t i o n has been o r g a n i z e d at W a s h
ington, D . C , w i t h an authorized capital
of $500,000. It will erect T h e D o u g l a s s
C G e o r g e W . Lattimore, colored p r o p r i e t o r
of the A m e r i c a n Southern Syncopated Or
T h e a t r e at 1333-41 Y o u Street, N . W . , on
chestra and Singers, has leased Philhar a lot 117 b y 145 feet.
monic Hall in London, E n g l a n d , f o r 2
G A collection o f six Creole f o l k - s o n g s ar
years at a rental o f $50,000 p e r year.
ranged b y M a u d Cuney H a r e is to be pub
C Ground has been broken f o r the D o u g lished b y Carl F i s c h e r , N e w Y o r k .
lass T h e a t r e in B a l t i m o r e ; it will be erected
Hale says in the New Music Review:
by the Quality A m u s e m e n t C o r p o r a t i o n at
awaits e a g e r l y the b o o k o f Creole songs
a cost o f $400,000.
that M r s . M a u d Cuney H a r e is editing.
C J. W . F. Leman, D i r e c t o r o f the Steel Mrs. H a r e , b y birth and e a r l y environment,
Pier Orchestra at A t l a n t i c City, N . J... has " is well qualified to edit and a n n o t a t e these
consented to engage f o r the next season
E d w a r d Stello, a N e g r o soloist. This will
G W e s t V i r g i n i a Collegiate Institute has
be the first appearance of a colored soloist
presented K e m p e r H a r r e l d in a violin reci
on the Steel Pier.
tal; M r s . Clarice J. M i c h a e l s w a s accom
(I T h e H. W . G r a y C o m p a n y has published
Mr. Paul C. Bolin's " C o m m u n i o n Service
C H a z e l H a r r i s o n , pianist, has b e g u n her
in G". This w o r k is dedicated to St. Phil
fall concert t o u r with a p i a n o recital in
lip's Protestant E p i s c o p a l Church o f N e w
Detroit, M i c h .
Y o r k City, o f which M r . B o l i n is organist
C A C o m m u n i t y S e r v i c e O r c h e s t r a o f 60
members has been o r g a n i z e d in C h i c a g o b y
C A n active b r a n c h o f the National A s s o
Charles E l g a r .
ciation of N e g r o Musicians is the Indianapo
G A t Orchestra Hall, C h i c a g o , J a m e s A .
lis Music P r o m o t e r s ' Club, o f which Ella V .
M u n d y has presented soloists and a chorus
T h o m a s , pianist, is president and A d e l a i d e
M a r y E . Jones w a s the so
Thornton, Supervisor o f Music in the Col
p r a n o soloist and Cleo D i c k e r s o n the pian
ored Schools, is secretary.
T h e club has
instituted a monthly C o m m u n i t y P r o g r a m ,
G M a r i e P e c k Johnson, T . T h e o d o r e T a y
a series of three artists' recitals and the
lor and G e o r g e J o h n s o n — k n o w n as T h e
maintenance of a piano quartette.
J o h n s o n - T a y l o r - J o h n s o n T r i o , are t o u r i n g
d Marie F o r d o f Los A n g e l e s , CaL, has
the E a s t and South in concert. M r s . John
accepted the position of D i r e c t o r o f M u s i c
son is the s o p r a n o soloist, M r . T a y l o r the
at Lincoln Institute, Jefferson City, M o .
pianist and M r . Johnson the tenor.
(I M m e . E . A z a l i a H a c k l e y has given her
G T h e W i l l i a m s Singers h a v e appeared in
second folk-song festival in Detroit.
a t w o - d a y c o n c e r t in Louisville, Ky.~
the p r o g r a m w e r e compositions b y Bur
leigh, Cook, Dett, Johnson and
A m o n g the artists w e r e Cleota Collins, B e r
tha H a n s b u r y and L. D . Collins.
I O T A C H A P T E R , a graduate chapter of
Holmes says in the Detroit Journal:
the O m e g a Psi Phi F r a t e r n i t y , has been
is no reason w h y e v e r y season should not
organized in A t l a n t i c City, N . J..
see a concert b y the pick of the local col
E . B r i c e is basileus.
C. F r a n c i s C. Sumner, P h . D . , Clark Uni
v e r s i t y '20, has been appointed P r o f e s s o r
of P s y c h o l o g y and Philosophy at W i l b e r force University.
C. E m i l y C. Charlton o f B r o o k l y n , N . Y „
has been graduated f r o m F i r s t Institute o f
P o d i a t r y as an h o n o r s t u d e n t ; she has
passed, the State B o a r d of Medical E x
C. A t the last session of the Mississippi
Legislature the B o a r d of Supervisors o f
Sunflower County had a special law passed
allowing them to levy a 1 mill tax f o r Delta
Industrial Institute, Inc., instead o f the
annual a p p r o p r i a t i o n o f $2,000; the n e w
law gives the school an income o f $22,500
a year. W i l l i a m F . Reden, a graduate of
the State U n i v e r s i t y o f I o w a , is principal.
C O n e hundred colored students have en
tered Ohio State University f o r the present
semester; they are distributed in all de
G. T h e D e m o c r a t i c school b o a r d at W i l
mington, Del., dismissed M r s . A l i c e DunbarNelson, a teacher o f English in H o w a r d
H i g h School, because she attended a politi
cal m e e t i n g in the home o f Senator Hard
ing against the wishes o f her principal, R a y
W o o ten.
C D u r i n g the p a s t 10 years the number o f
white school children in South Carolina has
risen f r o m 156,051 to 226,065, an increase
of 70,014; the n u m b e r of colored school
children during this period increased f r o m
184,364 to 251,980, an increase of 67,616.
(L T h e State of K e n t u c k y has fixed a mini
m u m w a g e o f $75 a month f o r school teach
ers, white and c o l o r e d . .
C A t the colored Wendell Phillips H i g h
School, Chicago, a course of study in N e g r o
h i s t o r y and literature has been installed
with W i l l i s N . H u g g i n s as instructor.
G. A n institute on venereal disease control
and social h y g i e n e will be held in W a s h
ington, D . C , N o v e m b e r 22-December 4, and
6-11. I n f o r m a t i o n as to courses, etc., will
be g l a d l y furnished b y the United States
Public Health Service, W a s h i n g t o n , D . C.
C. A t H o w a r d University, D w i g h t O. W .
H o l m e s has been elected Dean o f the
T e a c h e r s ' College, succeeding M r . L. B.
M o o r e ; D u d l e y D . W o o d w a r d , D e a n o f the
Senior College, succeeding Carter G. W o o d
s o n ; D r . St. E l m o B r a d y is head of the
D e p a r t m e n t of Chemistry and O. C. T h o r n
ton, i n s t r u c t o r in the School of F i n a n c e ;
D r . W . E . M o r r i s o n , a g r a d u a t e of T u f t s
College, is football coach.
d In T e x a s 113 colored high schools report
an enrollment o f 30,000; 34 have 4-year
c o u r s e s ; 37 have 3-year c o u r s e s ; 19 have
2-year c o u r s e s ; 23 have one-year c o u r s e s ;
62 o f the schools have libraries, with 15,000
G A D e p a r t m e n t o f C o m m e r c e has been
opened at Clark University under Prof.
G e o r g e Griswold, a g r a d u a t e o f A l b i o n Col
lege. T h e course requires 2 years and is
open to high school graduates w h o wish to
become stenographers, accountants, secre
taries and business m a n a g e r s .
C Carnegie Hall has been dedicated at M o r
gan College, Baltimore. Its cost is $95,000.
T h e late M r . Carnegie g a v e $50,000 of this
(I Fannie Cobb Carter, f o r 9 years a m e m
ber o f the faculty o f W e s t V i r g i n i a Col
legiate Institute, has resigned.
C F i f t y N e g r o students, 35 men and 15
women, are enrolled at the University o f
I o w a ; at I o w a A g r i c u l t u r a l College, 25 Ne
groes are enrolled, the largest number in
the history of the school.
d D r . W a l t e r B. Jerrick, a graduate o f
Lincoln University '13, and the University
of Pennsylvania Medical School '18, has
gone to Scotland to pursue a post-graduate
course in medicine at the University o f
Cleveland, Tenn., the N e g r o nominee
f o r A l d e r m a n , D r . T. E . Stevens was
elected o v e r his white opponent b y a 107-76
vote. W h i l e at Jellico, Tenn., D r . Stevens
served as a member o f the city B o a r d of
C. John C. H a w k i n s , a N e g r o in N e w Y o r k
City, has been elected to the A s s e m b l y f o r
his third term on the Republican ticket.
C In St. Louis, M o . , 18,000 N e g r o men and
12,378 N e g r o w o m e n registered, a total o f
30,378. In 1910 the N e g r o population w a s
44,541; it is n o w a p p r o x i m a t e l y 90,000.
(I M r s . M a r y Seymour, a colored woman
at H a r t f o r d , Conn., was a candidate f o r
Congress on the F a r m e r - L a b o r ticket.
C The following N e g r o e s w e r e elected m e m
bers o f the L e g i s l a t u r e : W a l t h a l l M . M o o r e ,
Republican, St. Louis, M o . ; and D r . W . G.
A l e x a n d e r , Republican, O r a n g e , N . J.
P U B L I C reception has been tendered
to Bishops R o b e r t E . Jones and M a t
t h e w W . Clair at the A c a d e m y o f Music,
Philadelphia. Bishops J o n e s and C l a i r are
the first N e g r o e s to attain the r a n k of
bishops in the Methodist E p i s c o p a l Church.
T h e r e have been several colored M i s s i o n a r y
C Hattie B. Marble,
D o c t o r of P h a r m a c y at
Y a z o o City, Miss., has
been elected f o r
second term as F i r s t
V i c e - President of the
colored N a t i o n a l
ical A s s o c i a t i o n , which
MISS M A R B L E
Miss Marble is the only
w o m a n w h o has presid
ed at a meeting o f the organization.
C. T h e 17th annual c o n f e r e n c e o f the
Rhode Island Union o f Colored W o m e n ' s
Clubs has convened at Union C o n g r e g a t i o n a l
Church, N e w p o r t . Mrs. J. J, Robinson w a s
elected president; Miss M a r y Jackson and
Henrietta A r m s t r o n g w e r e elected
first and second h o n o r a r y presidents.
(I The 26th annual meeting o f the A f r o A m e r i c a n Presbyterian Council has been
held at Capital Street Church, H a r r i s b u r g ,
Pa., o f which the R e v . B. M. W a r d is
The R e v . L. F . Ellerson o f 13th
A v e n u e Church, N e w a r k , N . J., w a s elected
president, succeeding the R e v . C. B . Allen
d T h e National B e a u t y H a i r
League has held its first annual convention
M m e . Estelle of N e w
Y o r k is president.
T Chapel Hill, N . C , the P r o g r e s s i v e
M a n u f a c t u r i n g C o m p a n y has been or
ganized with an authorized capital stock of
$50,000. T h e R e v . L. H . H a c k n e y is presi
dent o f the b o a r d o f directors.
d T h e entire stock o f the colored F i r s t
Standard Bank, Louisville, K y . , represent
ing a capital and surplus o f $110,000, has
been sold in less than 5 months.
(I M r . J. T . Jackson, a real estate b r o k e r
at G e r m a n t o w n , Pa., recently handled $84,
000 w o r t h o f business in one week.
(I A m o n g achievements o f N e g r o e s at
Columbus, Ohio, are the purchase o f a $50,
000 theatre and a $40,000 hospital.
(I T i d e w a t e r B a n k and T r u s t C o m p a n y ,
N o r f o l k , V a . , reports a paid-in capital stock
of $100,000; surplus fund and undivided
profits, $21,647; furniture and
$16,705; cash in v a u l t and due f r o m banks,
$137,003; deposits, $437,178.
(L T h e M e c h a n i c s and F a r m e r s ' B a n k at
D u r h a m , N . C , r e p o r t s $17,038 c a s h in
v a u l t ; f u r n i t u r e and fixtures, $3,017; real
estate, $ 5 3 7 ; capital stock paid in, $45,097;
deposits ( s a v i n g s ) $96,283; deposits ( s u b
j e c t to c h e c k ) $148,757.
C A strike o f 11,000 m i n e w o r k e r s in A l a
b a m a has been in p r o g r e s s 6 m o n t h s . John
L. Lewis, I n t e r n a t i o n a l P r e s i d e n t o f the
United M i n e W o r k e r s o f A m e r i c a , has
telegraphed t o P r e s i d e n t W i l s o n u r g i n g t h a t
the D e p a r t m e n t o f Justice institute legal
proceedings to compel o b s e r v a n c e o f the
principle o f collective b a r g a i n i n g and the
protection o f the civil rights. M a n y o f the
miners are colored.
C. T h e M o d e r n S a v i n g s and T r u s t Com
p a n y has been o r g a n i z e d at P i t t s b u r g h , Pa.,
with a subscribed capital stock o f $125,000.
(I T h e C o m m e r c i a l B a n k and T r u s t Com
p a n y has been opened at R i c h m o n d , V a . , as
a $250,000 enterprise.
M r . J o s e p h Mat
thews is d i r e c t o r and M r . T . C. E r w i n ,
(I A l l i e W i l l i a m s , a N e g r o at S i o u x City,
I o w a , raises g u i n e a p i g s f o r the medical
H e receives orders t h r o u g h o u t
IN a m e m b e r s h i p d r i v e at F i r s t C o n g r e g a
tional Church, A u g u s t a , Ga., M r s . S. S.
Johnson r e p o r t e d 154 n e w m e m b e r s in 60
days. T h e R e v . C. S. Ledbetter is pastor.
([ E l ' ' ° r W . H . Green r e p o r t s 6000 colored
members o f the Seventh D a y A d v e n t i s t
C h u r c h ; d u r i n g 1918-19 they raised $400,
E l d e r Green is s e c r e t a r y o f the N o r t h
A m e r i c a n N e g r o D e p a r t m e n t w i t h head
quarters at Detroit, M i c h ,
il Mt. Zion M . E . C h u r c h at G e o r g e t o w n ,
D . C., has celebrated its 104th anniversary.
The R e v . A l b e r t Mitchell is p a s t o r .
THE f o l l o w i n g l y n c h i n g s h a v e
place since o u r last r e c o r d :
Greenville, A l a . , Oct. 1 4 — S e l e c t R e i d ,
shot; wounding foreman.
Fremont, N. C , October 19—Norman
A r t i s ; p e e p i n g into w o m a n ' s r o o m w h i l e
hired b y the husband to do detective w o r k .
C M r . P. H . R o b i n s o n o f J a c k s o n v i l l e , F l a . ,
i n f o r m s us t h a t T H E CRISIS' r e c o r d o f the
l y n c h i n g o f H o s e y P o o l e at P e n s a c o l a , F l a . ,
A u g u s t 13, is an e r r o r ; t h a t H o s e y killed
his b r o t h e r , w a s arrested, tried a n d con
victed o f first d e g r e e m u r d e r and h a n g e d .
W A R D S M I T H has been ap
•* *• pointed a p o l i c e w o m a n at W a s h i n g t o n ,
D . C. Miss Smith is a colored graduate o f
the U n i v e r s i t y o f W a s h i n g t o n , Seattle; she
has served as h e a d w o r k e r f o r Lincoln
House, Glen Cove, L. I., and a special
w o r k e r f o r the H e n r y Street Settlement in
C W . L. Houston, a N e g r o at F o r t Scott,
Kan., has been retained as attorney f o r the
Order o f R a i l r o a d Station A g e n t s , a white
H e is the first colored at
torney t o a p p e a r before the Interstate
C o m m e r c e Commission.
C In the
nurses in the D e p a r t m e n t o f Health, N e w
Y o r k City, Miss L a v e n i a M o o r e headed the
list o f 100 applicants.
T h e Misses M a r
g a r e t H a r r i s and Nellie Mosely were also
G M a y m e D . T u r n e r at Philadelphia has
H o u s i n g and Sanitation in the Bureau of
Health at a salary o f $1300 per year. Miss
T u r n e r with an average o f 8 0 % stood first
on the list o f 7 candidates, including 5 men,
and is the first colored w o m a n appointee.
C Since 1910 Mississippi's population of
1,789,182 has been decreased b y 7,932 or 4 % .
This is attributed to the migration of Ne
G J . W i l l i a m s Clifford, f o r m e r l y a Lieutenant
o f the 367th Infantry, 92nd Division A . E .
F., has resigned his position as Special
Representative o f colored soldiers and sail
ors in the Bureau o f W a r Risk Insurance,
"because o f continual limitations of m y
official duties b y prejudiced southern white
C M a r k e r s Carter, after 20 y e a r s ' active
service, has been transferred f r o m Chief
Gunner's Mate, U . S. N , to the Fleet Naval
Reserve. T h e captain in c o m m e n d i n g M r .
Carter, w h o is a N e g r o , s a i d : " Y o u r rec
o r d shows that y o u h a v e committed no of
fense against l a w and discipline o r failed
to p e r f o r m any d u t y assigned in a most
efficient m a n n e r . "
G A t Pine Bluff, A r k . , 500 N e g r o e s have
been m a d e homeless as a result o f a fire.
T h e d a m a g e is estimated at $300,000.
G T h e B a r at F o r t Smith, A r k . , has ad
mitted its first N e g r o lawyer, in the person
o f A t t o r n e y E d w a r d D . Dobbins.
G A t Cleveland L e a g u e P a r k , Ohio, H a r r y
J. W a l k e r , a N e g r o , w a s Official A n n o u n c e r
for the W o r l d Series baseball g a m e s .
G R o b e r t S. Lockett is the first N e g r o in
N e w Y o r k to be appointed a mounted pa
G W i l l i a m E . Parsons, a N e g r o at Santa
Fe., N. M., won second place in a statewide
subscription contest f o r the Daily
Mexican, a white paper, and was awarded a
$1,200 Overland touring car.
G Catherine B. A l l e n , daughter o f M r . and
M r s . W . F . T r o t m a n o f Brooklyn, N. Y . ,
is the first colored w o m a n to be appointed
Assistant Librarian in the N e w Y o r k P u b
lic L i b r a r y . Miss Allen received her library
training at H o w a r d University and has
been assistant librarian at Tuskegee Insti
G Mrs. Powhatan Bagnall, a colored w o
man o f Boston, Mass., has been appointed
Field W o r k e r f o r the United States inter
departmental Social H y g i e n e Board.
G F r o m J a n u a r y 14-July 20 the Citizens'
Defense Fund of Little R o c k , A r k . , raised
$10,426 to defend the 12 N e g r o e s convicted
in connection with the riot at Elaine. Of
this sum $6,100 has been spent in attorney
fees and the remainder in cost and at
tendant expenses. This m o n e y w a s in addi
tion to the expenditures o f the N . A . A . C. P.
M r . J. G. T h o r n t o n is chairman o f the com
G M r . Sol T. Plaatje, author o f " N a t i v e
Life in South A f r i c a " and editor of a news
paper, has sailed f o r Montreal, Canada, in
connection with the w o r k o f the W o r l d
Brotherhood C o n g r e s s ; he will visit the
C Members of the Sulgrave Institute have
visited H a m p t o n Institute as a p a r t o f their
itinerary arranged in celebration o f the
first A m e r i c a n Legislative A s s e m b l y , which
was held at Jamestown, in July, 1619. Lord
Rathcreedan, the spokesman, paid w a r m
tribute to H a m p t o n .
G Secretary Daniels has appointed a Court
o f Inquiry to investigate in Haiti charges
made in connection with the A m e r i c a n O c
C T h e N e g r o Commission o f Missouri ap
pointed b y G o v e r n o r Gardner f o r the bet
terment o f industrial, educational, housing,
home life, health and living conditions, has
offices in the State Capital.
M r . R. S.
Cobb is secretary o f the Commission.
G T w e n t y colored w o m e n have been called
f r o m various parts of the c o u n t r y to attend
the third E x t e n s i o n T r a i n i n g Course f o r
colored Y . W . C. A . secretaries.
G A t St. Louis, M o . , t w o colored city de
Crockett, have been awarded bronze medals
t o r honorable service.
C T h e f o l l o w i n g a w a r d s have been made in
the N . A . A . C. P. l y n c h i n g essay c o n t e s t :
F i r s t prize, $ 5 0 — A r t h u r W i l l i a m s o f Lin
coln U n i v e r s i t y ; second prize, $ 3 0 — L o r i m e r
Milton of B r o w n U n i v e r s i t y ; third prize,
$20—Donald B. Goodloe of H o w a r d Uni
m a r r i a g e is announced of Miss E v a
V . Clay, teacher of child hygiene f o r
the B o a r d of Health at N e w a r k , N . J., t o
Mr. George H. Faulk, State Superintendent
of the A m e r i c a n W o r k m e n ' s
C o m p a n y o f W a s h i n g t o n , D . C. Miss Clay
served as a Red Cross nurse at C a m p Grant,
111., and is a g r a d u a t e of Freedmen's H o s
d M r . and M r s . Joseph M. A b b o t t o f
Spout Springs, A p p o m a t t o x County, V a . ,
have been married 45 y e a r s ; they are the
parents of 15 children.
A N D MRS. JOSEPH M. A B B O T T
G Mrs. A n n a Pitts Clifton at A t l a n t a , Ga.,
has given birth to her 24th child; 8 of the
children are alive. M r s . Clifton is 54 years
of age and her husband, Charles Clifton,
C Dr. J. Hee'.ey Barber, a g r a d u a t e of
M e h a r r y Medical College, is dead at A t
lanta, Ga., where he had practised f o r the
past 14 years.
C The remains o f the late Sergeant Peter
D e f o u r who died at Brest, as a member of
the Medical Detachment A . E . F., has ar
rived at Trinidad, B. W . I., his home, where
a military burial was held,
d Mrs. A n n a Tubman at Philadelphia, Pa.,
is the mother of 18 living children.
T u b m a n , w h o is 43 years of age, has been
married 29 years.
S I X T Y - S E V E N organizations,representing
29 o f the l a r g e s t cities, w e r e represented
at the N a t i o n a l U r b a n L e a g u e ' s A n n u a l
Conference held in N e w a r k , O c t o b e r 20-23.
U r b a n L e a g u e executives f r o m 25 cities were
T h e r e p o r t s i n d i c a t e : Perm
anent general i m p r o v e m e n t in health a m o n g
N e g r o e s ; t h a t the industrial position o f the
N e g r o w o r k e r while serious on a c c o u n t o f
increased m i g r a t i o n f r o m E u r o p e and slow
ing up in certain industries shows no cause
f o r alarm as c o n c e r n s the N e g r o ; that racial
co-operation which developed d u r i n g the w a r
is on the i n c r e a s e ; t h a t southern N e g r o e s
are steadily c o m i n g n o r t h w a r d ,
d T h e Industrial D e p a r t m e n t o f the N e w
J e r s e y U r b a n L e a g u e placed last month a
g a n g o f colored w o r k m e n under their own
foreman with the S t a n d a r d Oil C o m p a n y at
R a h w a y , N . J.
d The N e w Y o r k U r b a n L e a g u e provided
convalescence and fresh air outings f o r 305
T h e pre-natal clinic
persons last summer.
opened in H a r l e m in J u l y has advised in
876 cases of e x p e c t a n t m o t h e r s . T h e League
w a s instrumental in s e c u r i n g to colored
dining c a r employees a w a g e increase as al
lotted to other railroad employees by the U.
S. W a g e and A d j u s t m e n t B o a r d . N e w open
ings f o r e m p l o y m e n t w e r e made with the
United Chemical C o m p a n y and the Schles
inger T o y F a c t o r y .
d T h e Cleveland o r g a n i z a t i o n ' s r e p o r t for
the fiscal year ending October 1, shows the
placing o f six personnel w o r k e r s in plants
and the e m p l o y m e n t o f eight colored foremen
w h o had been trained in the school f o r fore
men inaugurated b y W i l l i a m Conners, E x
ecutive Secretary. In co-operation with the
C u y a h o g a F a r m B u r e a u and the F a r m De
p a r t m e n t o f the city, N e g r o e s are being
placed on f a r m s as w o r k e r s , tenants and
owners. S u r p l u s l a b o r is being distributed
in n e a r b y t o w n s .
F o u r thousand w o r k e r s
were placed with 992 in skilled positions.
T h e D e p a r t m e n t o f E c o n o m i c s shows 2,162
families visited and 164 n e w b a n k accounts
d The L e a g u e d u r i n g the p a s t nine years
has made 64,452 placements o f N e g r o w o r k
ers in positions not b e f o r e held by them,
d F r a y s e r T . Lane, o f the C h i c a g o Urban
League, and A s s i s t a n t D i r e c t o r o f the C o m
munity Service, has been appointed E x e c u
tive S e c r e t a r y o f the n e w l y o r g a n i z e d Kan
sas City U r b a n L e a g u e .
CI M a u r i c e Moss, 1920 F e l l o w o f the Nation
al U r b a n L e a g u e at the N e w Y o r k School
of Social W o r k , has been appointed Director
of the F r e d e r i c k Douglass B o y s ' Club of T o
ledo, O h i o .
0 Fellowships f o r the year 1920-1921 have
been g r a n t e d b y the National U r b a n League
to W i l l i a m A . Daniels at the Graduate School
of Social A d m i n i s t r a t i o n , C h i c a g o Univers
i t y ; Ruth W . H o w a r d at the School f o r So
cial W o r k e r s , Boston, M a s s . ; and Phila A .
McGillery at the Pennsylvania School of So
cial Service, Philadelphia.
Conference o f A f r i c a n s f r o m British
dependencies has met and sent a depu
tation to London. Resolutions passed by
the conference a r e : " T h a t this conference
views with g r e a t disfavor the p r o p a g a n d a of
the E m p i r e Resources Development Commit
tee with respect to the British W e s t A f r i
can Colonies, and is strongly of the opinion
that the natural resources of the British
W e s t A f r i c a n dependencies are not f o r the
exploitation o f concessionaries under State
Other resolutions passed dealt
with the palm kernels e x p o r t duty, which
the conference pledged itself to endeavor to
repeal; with judicial reforms, particularly
deploring the modifications in British W e s t
A f r i c a o f the r i g h t to trial b y j u r y , and
protesting against the denial o f the r i g h t
to representation b y Counsel in the P r o
vincial C o u r t s ; with the flogging o f women,
which the conference wholly condemned as
a barbarous practice f o r any offence what
(I The Building W o r k e r s ' International
U n i o n in E a s t London, South A f r i c a , has
opposed the introduction o f a rate o f 1 shil
ling 3 pence f o r colored w o r k e r s and 1 shil
ling 9 pence f o r white workers, and demand
ed a flat rate o f 1 shilling 6 pence f o r all
C L o r d Sinha, Indian Under-Secretary f o r
India, has resigned at London, England,
and been succeeded b y the white E a r l o f
Lytton. L o r d Sinha and other Indian lead
ers insisted upon the appointment o f Secre
t a r y M o n t a g n e as V i c e r o y o f India because
of his firm stand in condemning the A m r i t
sar massacre and other repressive measures
in I n d i a ; the appointment was refused.
C A l a w dated M a r c h 17, 1920, provides
for the organization in P a r i s in 1925 o f an
Interallied Colonial E x p o s i t i o n and f o r the
building o f a p e r m a n e n t colonial museum.
Is it a CHRISTMAS Gift to Your
Children ? Then why not a Year's
A monthly magazine designed es
pecially for our children which at
tempts to bring to them :
The best in pictures and stories
of Negro life.
2. The life and deeds of famous
men and women of the Negro
J. The current events of the world
told in beautiful language which
children can understand.
BOOK has ap
peared monthly since the January, 1920,
issue. Its circulation is still less than
5,000 copies per month. In order to keep
the magazine at its present high stand
ard—as wc are determined to do—we
must have at once 12,000 subscribers.
Won't you help us now to reach that
If each person reading this page will
send us just one paid-up yearly sub
scription to THE BROWNIES'
tzvo subscriptions if you prefer—
the future of the magazine is secure.
S P E C I A L O F F E R : Five paid-up
vearly subscriptions to the B R O W N I E S '
B O O K sent in at one time will entitle
the sender to a year's subscription free.
This offer holds good until midnight of
December 31, 1920.
15 Cents per copy
$1.50 per year
copies sent on
DuBois and Dill, Publishers
2 W e s t 13th
N E W Y O R K , N. Y .
T H E
P L A C E
F O R
Y O U R
G I R L "
Daytona Normal and Industrial Institute for Negro GirU, Daytona, Fla.
Beautiful location, ideal home life, fine, modern equipment.
Courses include Kindergarten, Primary, Grammar, High, Normal, Vocational.
Nurse Training at McLeod Hospital a specialty. Terms reasonable.
Send for Catalog.
MARY McLEOD BETHUNE,
V E L O U R
C ^ f i O
H A T
D E R R I C K
The School of Results
The Only One of Its Kind
are n o w in O U R O W N N E W
every modern office device.
quickly a n d
earn while they are learning.
COMFORTABLE DORMITORIES FOR YOUNG WOMEN
for Catalog 14—Full
this amazing bar
gain. Only limited
lot. Wonderful qual
1514 PINE ST., PHILADELPHIA, PA.
M. J. DERRICK, Prin. & Mgr.
J u s t send address
and s i z e for this
ported g e n u i n e b l a c k v e l o o r h a t . B e a u t i f u l f e d o r a style. Flex
i b l e b r i m . Can b e t u r n e d u p o r d o w n . M a d e o f t h e finest qual
ity, very silky, i m p o r t e d b l a c k v e l o u r . F i n e wide grosgrain black
silk r i b b o n b a n d . G e n u i n e l e a t h e r , n o n - s o i l a b l e sweat band. A
hat von can wear, season a f t e r season, f o r years. D o n ' t S e n d a
Penny—Pay o n l y S6.S9 C. O. D. W e pny d e l i v e r y charjres. W e
G u a r a n t e e t o refund your m o n e y i m m e d i a t e l y , i f you Can match
it f o r less t h a n 3 1 2 . 0 0 . S a v e M o n e y — W r i t e T o d a y b e f o r e this
a s t o u n d i n g offer is w i t h d r a w n .
He sure t o g i v e size.
S E N D
Bookkeeping. Commercial Law
Edward T. Duncan. Pres.. 1227 S. 17th St., Phila, Pa.
M O N E Y
BERNARD-HEWITT & C O M P A N Y
A M O N E Y G E T T E R because It Is A C R O W D
Churches and Clubs looking f o r a play that w i l l
evening of Side-Splitting F u n , s h o u l d have
DEPT H 044 9 0 0 W. VAN BUREN ST., CHICAGO, ILL.
A t l a n t a
A n entertainment In one act; f u l l o f w i t
Scores of churches have cleared from
to T w o H u n d r e d Dollars In One N i g h t
P R I C E , 50c
MISS N A N N I E
H . B U R R O U G H S , Author
Washington. D . r.
n i v e r s i t y
G R E A T B O O K S f o r $2.50
NO L I B R A R Y
The History of the Negro Race and Negro Soldiers In the
Spanish-American War, Dating Back to Egypt and the
Pharoas—4U0 pages, 60 illustrations.
(Retails alone for
Was adopted as a textbook by North Carolina
State Board of Education.
The Pictorial History of the Negro in the Great World
War, giving a brilliant historical sketch, a description of
battle scenes by Colonel Haywood of the Fighting Fif
teenth New York, Capt. Marshall, Sergeant Steptoe, Ralph
Tyler and others, with 150 excellent pictures of officers
and men and war views. (Sells alone for $2.00.)
Just Think, only $2.50 for these two great books.
Agents wanted everywhere, large c o m m i s s i o n s paid
ADDRESSi E. A. JOHNSON, 17 Wemt 132nd Street, New York, N . Y .
Mention T H E C u m
The Southern A i d Society of
Va., Inc., has striven during
1920, as a l w a y s heretofore, to
render to its policyholders a
superior service during sick
ness, accidents and the dark
hour of death. A s a result of
its efforts to keep faith with the
people, the society has done a
larger and more satisfactory
business during 1920 than ever
Therefore at this joyous sea
son of the year we first give
thanks to Him from w h o m Com
eth all good things; then to the
good people who have so will
ingly and consistently entrust
ed to our care and keeping the
sacred duty of protecting their
firesides in the time of sickness,
accidents and death; and last,
but not least, to that band of
ever faithful co-workers—our officers, superintendents, a gents
and clerks—for their loyal devotion to the interests of both
the policyholders and the Society.
The success of 1920 inspires and prepares us for bigger
and better service during 1921.
If you live in Virginia—you should have the superior pro
tection provided only by the unmatched policy of the
SOUTHERN AID SOCIETY OF VA., INC.
520 N. Second Street
A. D . P R I C E , Pres.
J A S . T . C A R T E R , 2nd
R I C H M O N D , VA.
B. A . C E P H A S , 3rd ViccPres.
A. W A S H I N G T O N
B A K E R , Treas.
C. N. J A C K S O N
B. L. J O R D A N , Sec.
W . E. R A N D O L P H
A. J O R D A N ,
soothing the after-smart of sha
Witch Hazel Jelly
<fl A sharp razor and good lather are not enough
to prevent a tingling s m a r t n e s s after the
«]j An application of Madam Walker's Witch
Hazel Jelly soothes the skin, prevents chap and
assures comfort after shaving.
35 centi of Agents
Made by the Mme.C. J.Walker Mfe. Co.
640NorthWest St.. Indianapolis. Ind
T H E CRISIS.
The R. G. Doggett Amusement Corporation, Inc.
The Bramhall Players and a superb cast of black and white players in
A Drama of Race, Love and Law
IN T H R E E A C T S
A Peace of Killing
by BUTLER DAVENPORT
7th Avenue, between 1 3 1 s t and 132c! Streets, N e w York, N . Y .
W E E K OF NOVEMBER 29
"Justice" is a big, powerful, virile drama of tolerance toward the
individual, appealing to every lover of humanity.
"Uncle Tom's Cabin" went far to free the Negro's body from bond
age; "Justice" will go far to liberate the white man's mind from
"I think, m y friends, you are guilty of a great wrong against God
and humanity. This Negro question is still to be settled."
words are as true today as when spoken by John Brown—and this
drama of "Justice" shows the way to solve this problem of the color
"Justice" is a great play.
It is ten years ahead of its time.—Lee
"Justice" is the most panoramic play I have heard. It seemed as
if I saw the people as you read it. It is five years ahead of its time.—
Henry Miller, Actor-Manager and Co-Star with Blanche Bates in "The
Famous Mrs. Fair."
"Justice" is a great play. It should be played at once, but won't
be in the condition our theatre is in today.—Emma Goldman, AuthorLecturer.
The Corporation has arranged also to present Mr. Davenport in
readings from "Justice" and other plays for Clubs and Literary Societies.
For information regarding the above attractions, address—
G. D O G G E T T
302 West 137th Street
New York, N. Y .
T H E CRISIS.
SHOPPER r ^ r ^ r ;
Would you not like to do your Christmas shopping in New York City?
Miss Allison is a colored business woman, horn in New York and thoroughly familiar with its
shops. If you will write her of your wants, she will send you descriptions and prices by return mail.
Meantime, here are a few suggestions:
StationeryAssorted colors, white, pink, blue, lavender;
high grade linen finished stock; ribbon tied;
46 envelopes, 24 sheets o f paper and 24 cor
respondence cards . . . 8Q cents per b o x and
White linen cloth finished paper; _ 84
sheets o f paper and 84 envelopes; ribbon tied.
$4.68 per b o x .
F O U N T A I N PENS
Made of pure para rubber; 14 karat solid gold diamond point pen; full chased
barrel, 88 cents each and up.
Sterling Silver filigree pen; the silver is inlaid over the vulcanite; space is re
served on barrel for engraving name of owner, $ 6 , 1 7 each.
Attractive silk watch fob with gold plated charm, 60 cents each and up.
All metal fob 14 karat gold plated, braided links witb C1AST> g U i r ^ - n o n t which
holds chain in position; ornamented
with buckle and charm that can be ,
engraved, $ 2 . 5 4 each.
Toilet and Manicure Sets
3 piece French ivory toilet set in hinged case, sateen
lined; contains hand mirror with 4J^ inch beveled
glass, flat back hair brush with 9 rows of bristles
and a dressing comb. $ 7 , 4 7 per set and up.
7 piece combination toilet set of grained ivory in
lined cabinet; contains nail file, cuticle pusher, 3
inch handle dressing comb, hair brush. 9 rows of
bristles, mirror with l A inch beveled glass, nail
buffer, glass salve jar. $6.96 per set and up.
Gold plated eutt links
with stone settings;
5 6 cents per
pair and up.
gold cuff links, set
with diamonds; good,
heavy weight; Ro
man finish. $ 5 . 0 0 per
pair. Combination set
—gold plated scarf
pin and sleeve button
set, stone settings,
64 cents per set and
Chiffon velvet hand bags
with silk chenille tas
sel; silver polish frame;
silver chain handle, fan
cy liuingr extra inside
frame pocket; hanging
colors — navy,
taupe arid brown. $3.32
each and up.
R o o m 622, 70 Fifth Avenue
( R e f e r s b y permission to the Editor of the
Mention T H E CBISIB.
NEW Y O R K , N . Y .
M U S I C IN THE HOME
P U T S S U N S H I N E IN T H E
Standard Songs Which Should be in Every Repertoire
R O U G H , R O C K Y R O A D ("MBBiTO
Bv W. C. HANDY
A beautiful spiritual with a heart-throb in every note, with a new arrangement "by one of America's
foremost composers. PRICE 40c.
T H I N K I N G OF T H E E
A L I T T L E SONG
PRICE 30c. A ballad par-excellent.
PRICE 20c. For little tots and school children.
Just what the name implies.
A wonderfully melodious mother croon.
By li\ C. HANDY
A soul-stirring, martial hymn of beauty. Special
Prices in lots to Choirs and Schools.
The sweetest song on Broadway.
flv J. BERN I
PRICE 30c. An Egyptian,. Intermezzo.
CAN SUPPLY YOU W I T H ALL THE
WHY DID YOU MAKE A PLAYTHING OF ME?
By J. BERN1
A "Good B y e " appeal of a lover. Beautiful lyrics and wonderful music.
piece of musical composition.
ST. LOUIS BLUES
PRICE 15c. Another ' C a s e y Jones" or "Steam
boat B i l l " . Sung by Marion Harris on Columbia
Sung by Marion Harris on Colum
bia Record. It's great.
THAT THING CALLED LOVE
Sung by Mamie Smith on Okeh Record. The first colored girl to make a record of a
popular song, and it's a wonderful record.
Two Great Columbia Records by
BEALE ST. BLUES
PRICE 30c. Always a favorite.
Rolls and Phonograph Records.
" I T ' S YOUR MOVE N O W " u„d
"O DEATH, W H E R E IS T H Y STING V'
THINK OF ME LITTLE DADDY
A soni; brimful
Recorded by Sweatman's
Orchestra on Columbia Record.
MUSIC IS OX ALL PHONOGRAPH RECORDS AND P L A Y E R ROLLS
We ran fill vour orders for Player Rolls.
Our music mav be had w h e r e v e r sheet music is sold, and at the music counters of Woo'.worth,
Kress, Kresge. McCrory. Metropolitan and National Stores, or direct from the Publishers.
N. B.—If it is Sheet Music vou want we ran supply you. If we don't publish it we will get it tor you.
P A C E h HANDY BUILDING)
232 W. 46th Street
Mention T H E CRISIS.
New York, N, Y.
CRISIS A D V E R T I S E R
Cleota J. Collins
from the appear
ance of a large number of
music lovers, her sweet lyric
voice held them spellbound.
She was applauded again and
again after each number."—
Colored American business men desiring to trans
act business between Haiti and the United States
of America, are cordially invited to communi
cate with us.
DUDLEY'S FAMOUS AUTO POLISH
New York, N. Y .
for furniture, pianos, church p e w s , hard
wood floors and hundreds of other things
that have a varnished surface. Makes them
look like new. Agents can make $50.00 to
$75.00 per w e e k selling Dudley's Polish to
furniture dealers, drug stores, hardware
stores, churches, housekeepers, automobile
stores, paint stores and grocery stores.
Special Offer: For 90 days we will ship to
all new agents $10.00 worth o f Dudley's
Polish for $5.00. Take advantage of this
special offer at once.
JOSEPHINE A. JUNIUS
"Miss Junius is the possessor of a Contralto
voice, lovely in quality, which she uses artis
Live Agents A t Once T o Sell
Telephone 6393 Morningiide
174 W . 136th Street
DORSINVILLE & CO.
PORT AU PRINCE, HAITI
Dudley & Porter Manufacturing Co.
11S South Main St.,
E. A L D A M A JACKSON
Graduate of Institute of Musical Art
Organist-Director of Music of St. Marks M. E.
Church; Concert Accompanist; Piano, Voice,
Theory, Instruction, Conducting, Coaching.
Harmony taught from beginning to com
pletion. Private or correspondence.
Studio: 250 W . 138th St., New York, N. Y .
Telephone Morningside 1708.
The Colored Teachers'Bureau
Will Help Y o u Get a Better Paying Position.
S E A S O N A B L E TERMS
Address: Colored Teachers' Bureau
Box 22, W i l b e r f o r c e , 0 .
F o r all L o d g e a n d
CENTRAL REGALIA CO.
JOS. L. JONES, Pr...
N. E. Car. 8th and Plum Su.,
6487 Fort Hill
Cable Address, Epben
34 School Street
LIVE IN C A L I F O R N I A
Colored People, Attention!
$50.00 cash will start you owning a home in
separate schools—an opportunity to live as a
man. Write today for FREE I N F O R M A T I O N .
BOOKERTEE INVESTMENT C O .
1718 W . Jefferson St.,
Los Angeles, Cal.
Zr^f* M b a r g a i n now. S E N D N O
« « 3uBt your name, address, size and color.
We will send you delivery charges paid. 6 pairs o f
tneewellest heavy weight brown or blaok genuine
duc-web mens' silk socks, worth $1.00 eaoh.
o ! Silk
Don't wait. Got
at FOOTS today. Limited quantity
left. Only 6- pain
...lira to a customer. Money cheer-,
fully refunded if you can match them for S6.
BERNARD, HEWITT &
D e p t . L 344
Mention T H E
6 North 42nd Street, Philadelphia,
Badges, Banners, Lodge Regalia
Real Estate and Insurance
CRISIS A D V E R T I S E R
Excellent Lots, Developed Under New Plan, with Fruit Trees Planted on them, in
EASY T E R M S
PEOPLE FROM A L L O V E R T H E COUNTRY
ARE S E C U R I N G T H E S E L O T S A N D T H E DE
M A N D FOR T H E M IS I N C R E A S I N G B Y
L E A P S A N D B O U N D S . If you want any you
must A C T Q U I C K L Y :
Orchardville is located in a high grade fruit
growing region and is to be developed into a
B E A U T I F U L F R U I T C I T Y . Each lot will have
F I V E H I G H G R A D E F R U I T T R E E S PLANT
ED ON I T , also a beautiful shade tree, which
will be cultivated and taken care of by us for
F O U R Y E A R S W I T H O U T E X T R A COST TO
When the fruit trees come into commer
cial bearing they should earn you E X C E L L E N T
R E T U R N S ON Y O U R I N V E S T
M E N T W I T H O U T A N Y EFFORT ON YOUR
The lots are sized 3 0 x 1 4 4 feet, and have plen
ty of room for a house, garden, chicken yard,
shed, etc., besides the room taken up by the fruit
E A C H L O T IS G U A R A N T E E D T O BE H I G H
D R Y U N D E R A MONEY-BACK GUAR
A N T E E , and the title to the property is absolutely
The price of the lots is only $56, as stated above,
and the terms are only $3.00 a month.
terms when more than one lot is purchased. NO
We have a beautiful booklet that gives all the
particulars of this offer, and that explains how
to secure your lots. Send for one T O D A Y .
Simply write your name and address on the cou
attached below and mail it to us R I G H T
The number of lots is L I M I T E D and
they are GOING F A S T , which makes it a case
of F I R S T C O M E — F I R S T S E R V E D .
Arenson Realty Development Corporation
19 S. La Salle Street
R e a l t y
7 o « m
A r e n s o n
D e v e l o p m e n t
C o r p .
H O L I D A Y
S atrmcnt of the Ownership, Management, Circulation,
etc., required by the Art of Congn ss uf August U4. .912,
nf (ho CRISIS, published monthly at 70 F.ftli Avenue,
New York, N. Y . , for October 1. 1920.
S U G G E S T I O N S
The 1921 CRISIS Calendar
State of New York
Luunty of New York
will be in keeping with our high standards
of past years, It will contain excerpts from
the works of foremost Negro authors—an
artistic and valuable reminder
" A s the Days of the Year Go B y "
Price 50 Cents
Before me, a Notary Publie in and for the State
county aforesaid, personally appeared Augustus
•^lanville Dill, who, having been d..ly sworn accord
.ng to law, deposes and says that lie is the Business
.Manager of the CRISIS and tllii, the following is, to
the best of h s knowledge and behef, a true statement
of the ownership, management, etc., of the aforesaid
publication for the date shown in he above caption,
lequ.red by the Act, of August 24, 1912, embodied In
section 443, Postal Laws and Regulations:
A copy of the 1921 CRISIS Calendar will
he sent free to any person sending us A T
T I M E three (3) paid-up yearly sub
scriptions to the CRISIS on or beforo Decem
ber, 24, 1920.
Publisher: The Nat'onal Association for the Advance
ment of Colored People, 70 Fifth Avenue, New York.
Editor: W. E. Burghardt DuBois, 70 Fifth Ave
nue, New York, N. Y.
Managing Editor: W. E. Burghardt DuBois, 70 Fifth
Avenue, New York, N. Y.
Business Manager: Augustus Granville Dill, 70 Fifth
Avenue, New York, N. Y.
Owners: The National Assoc'ation for the Advance
ment of Colored People, a corporation with no stoc't;
membership over 90,000.
Moorfield Storey, President,
.Tames Weldon Johnson, Acting Secretary.
Joel E. Spingam, Treasurer.
Mary White Ovington. Chairman Board of Directors.
Known bondholders, mortgagees and other security
holders owning or holding 1 per cent or more of total
amount of bonds, mortgages or other securities: None.
AUGUSTUS GRANVILLE DILL.
SEVEN GIFT BOOKS (Postage Extra)
Souls ot Black Folk. (W. E. B. DuBois)
History of the Negro. <B. G. Brawley)
Darkwater. (W. E. B. DuBois)
The Shadow. (Mary White Ovington)
The Negro Faces America. (Herbert J. Selig
Poems of Paul Laurence Dunbar
The Negro. (W. E. B. DuBois)
70 Fifth Avenue
New York, N. Y .
Phonograph Records oi our Foremost Artists
Sworn to and subscribed before me this 29th day of
FRANK M. TURNER, Notary Public, Queens
County No. 754. Certificate filed in New York
County No. 164. New, York Register No. 2122.
(My commission expires March 30, 1922.)
An Appreciated Christmas Gift
"Go Down Moses," sung "by Harry T. Bur
leigh; "Villianelle," sung by Florence ColeTalbert; "Cradle Song," played by Clarence
C. White, $1.25 each and 25c for mailing,
packing and insurance, Also a record of the
Atlanta speech by Booker T. Washington,
$1.50 each and 25c. for mailing, etc.
23 Clayton A v e . ,
For the most valuable books
dealing with the Negro Problem
Address The CRISIS
P H O N O G R A P H RECORDS
T I O N A L
L I V I N G
Editor: BENZION LIBER, M . D . , D.P.H.
dustrial H y g i e n e — P e r s o n a l and Intimate H y
giene—Child H y g i e n e — P l a i n , Drugless T r e a t
ment of Disease—Birth C o n t r o l — A l l T r u t h s
f r o m all Medical Schools—Fighting Dishon
esty in the Healing P r o f e s s i o n s — A n s w e r s to
Subscribers' Q u e s t i o n ' s — A r t — F r e e d o m in the
B r i n g i n g U p of C h i l d r e n — V e g e t a r i a n i s m Fighting Superstition.
Rational L i v i n g is an independent illustrated month
ly devoted to the teaching of rational methods of liv
ing, an educational guide f o r manual and mental
workers. It is not sensational. I t lias i n view the
plain, o r d i n a r y people, and 'not the extra-oratnarj
I t is scientific, but popular.
I t saves y o u
T h e December Issue of Rational Living Is Out
It contains^ among many other articles: Dr. Marie
Stopes, of England, on Birth Control; Influenza;
Labor and Industrial H y g i e n e ; W o m e n in the T e x t i l e
I n d u s t r y ; Food and the Child.
T h e J a n u a r y issue will contain a large number of
interesting and educational articles.
H e r e are but a
f e w : Fighting Disease in Soviet Russia; F x e r c i s e ,
Good and B a d : W a t e r as a R e m e d y ; Labor and
the Breakfast; Pictures b>
Renoir and V a n Gogh.
40 cents a copy. $4 a year in U . S. value. Cor
responding rates f o r shorter periods.
N o free sam
ple copies. Address C I H a m i l t o n Place, New Y o r k ,
N. Y .
O l ) l y
5 Q ° * ™ finest quality, beautiful patterns
-Sent ! n ^ i , S o 3 " ^ f ^ regular$3.60 madras dress shirts,$7.O0value
° J? jy madvance, payable C. O. D. ikade of the
T i l l riral! n™i°T
Madras, very durable, very dressy, cut
finer/ r^Xff^ S \, . -. r ; S^' ^ n c h turn back
t r i n « X * | 5 5 , S K,
<?<*hed.finestworkmanship. In latest
Sizll 1144 ft
? size and
, < preferred.
« * » » <»> " ^ t e
j ^ K r u u n a . sizes
" 6 G u a r a n t e e !2, , e " W"; " o n e r In f o i l . If yon can match these
#n"»h«r« for Jess than 13.60 each,
charges crewiS: 1Pay 2n"/K69 on SSit^?
° "I^J " .»'
E o f
l e B
l a c k
s t r i
T h e Crisis.
f a s t
?i w .
h i D
0 , l c e
M A D E to M E A S U R E
E X P R E S S OR P O S T A G E
This offer is one of the biggest, most gener
ous ever made by any tailoring house. It's
your one big opportunity to get a finely tailored-to-measure 2-piece suit with box back,
superbly trimmed and cut in the latest city
style for only $15.00.
W E ' R E
H I G H
O U T T O
T A I L O R I N G
B E A T
P R I C E S
Your own local tailor couldn't and wouldn't
m a k e you a suit for $15.00, let alone supply
the cloth, linings and trimmings. Why not
s a v e 5 0 % on your next suit? We have such
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zation that we can make these wonderful prices—and
remember we guarantee style, fit and workmanship or
your money back.
You Save 9 to J5
This suit for $15.00 clearly proves our supremacy in the tailoring field. W e offer
dozens of equally good values. Let's tell
C A « n L ft..tf'.l C D C C
you about them. We would rather you did | J | g o d U i P l O UUlTIT
M i t t
not send us any money until we send our
Write us today and we will mail you absolutely FREE our beautifully illustrated
pattern book showing dozens of the latest city styles and designs, also many large
size cloth samples to choose from. You will be simply thunderstruck at the excep
tional values we are offering this year. Don't delay; we urge you to act quick; today!
PROGRESS TAILORING CO.
6 0 1
C H I C A G O
T H E CRISIS.
OUR LATEST CATALOG WILL B E
MAILED TO YOU UPON
W e are positively the only Manufacturers of H U M A N H A I R G O O D S who
specialize and cater direct to the Colored People.
Our W i g s , Switches, Transformations, Bobs and Braids are strictly hand
made—of the finest qualities of real Human Hair Goods and manufactured
under the supervision of M M E . B A U M . by the most skillful artists in the
Try Mme. Baum's Celebrated Scalp and Face Preparations
which are made
of the finest ingredients and are the most satisfying
to the person
gives the appear
ance of wearing the
hair bobbed, but
makes cutting un
necessary. M ad o
of strictly Supremo
hair, with natural
waves, sewed on
fitted with three
tuck Combs to
all shades. Price.
a n y Photograph
and Return Your
Ageti s" Enlargeti
S a m p l e s *25c.
B o o k s . Pictures and Pos
s h i p i cnts. mm
N . Y.
SEND NO MONEY
Write quick for this amazing sock bargain.
Only limited lot. Men's fine quality black or
gray wool socks. Full seamless, double sole,
toe and heel. Guaranteed wear-proof.
PAIR OF GUARANTEED <
$1.00 W O O L SOCKS «
Guaranteed Six Months
SEND NO MONEY— write quick.
Socks sent delivery charges paid.
Pay$3on arrival, nomore. Money back
not more than pleased. Give size, color,
BERNARD, HEWITT 8 CO.
Dept. X 044
T w o wonderful $4.00 shirts for only $5.25.
™ $2.75. Everybody wearing these semidress Gray Flannel Shirts for business, work and sport.
Agents 8 5 Weekly
Get a Robinson Folding Bath Tub FREE
Big sellor. Cost little, no plumbing. Weight
16 p o u n d s , foIdsJntoHmall roll. Kull lenirth b a t h s ,
fur b e t t e r than tin tuba. G u a r a n t e e d 10 y e a r s . $16b>
J20 a day oasily m a d e . W r i t e quick f"i>rnpociul o f f e r .
Robinson Cabinet Mfg. Co.,
15 F a c t o r i e s D l d g . , T o l e d o , O
Cadillac Broadcloth Flannel Shirts
Two $4.00 Shirts for Only $5.25
K,?nl°w% " " " " f y Cadillac Brnndolnth Gray Flannel,
n ,,,.V,L ?^SV?!
i. ' "
P"''ket. '»oed sleeve« mid
l™, SSfsK"i? S"., " < " « F " > n t Stylo.
K ™ * ' ' 1 1 ? thru-ont. Snftturndown collar with an teen
'hStalnSSSSS?;. . T „ S i
Try to mntch these
BMrta i n any s t o r e a t $4.00.
r l ? e
Y e t w o offer y o u t w o for only $5.25.
Send No Monev
° *•*•»• SMrt. > n b «
$6 ^5 on nrriiml n „ .
e " . trane.portaii..n p r e p a i d . P a y only
withi the 2 2
"T • ?!" i"' . ° ™ « ' f n o t moVo than p l e a s e d
with tho w o n d e r f u l v a l u e . B o auro t o n-ivo n e c k - b a n d s i z e .
BERNARD-HEWITT S CO9.0 0 w . Van B u r s a S t . . CHICAGO
W r i l
Agents for T H E CRISIS, Dignified Work
70 Fifth Avenue, New York
Mention T h e C r i s i s .
Patti's XttiaS Suggestions
$2.50 a n d p o s t a g e f o r
MARVELOUS SKIN TOILETTES
$2.25 f o r P a t t i ' s
Bleaching, Vanishing and Cold Cream.
68 cents each.
Also "La Traviata" Powder,
"Patti's Special" Perfume, $1.25
S e n d 10c postage for m a i l i n g o n e a r t i c l e .
2c each a d d i t i o n a l .
$5.00 f o r 6 T o i l e t t e s a n d P a t t i ' s B e a u t y S e c r e t s
MONEY FOR AGENTS
W R I T E QUICK ! !
Send All Money Orders to
A. A. BROWN, Manager,
Phone Kenwood 9538
Send No Money
Snap this bargain up right now before it is t o o
late. Only limited quantity. Amazing underwear
bargain. Greatest offer ever made. Two Guar
anteed $ 4 Each, W o o l Unlonsuits, $ 5 . 7 5 .
S a v e big: money on your underwear. Send
postcard o r letter today — this very minute, for
these2 beautiful perfect fitting heavy weight gray
elasticribunionsuits. Full cut. Seams reinforced
and overcast. S e n d No Money—pay only $5.75
o n arrival, n o more; w e pay delivery charges.
We Guarantee *°
r e f u n d
v o u r
HIGH GRADE MICHIGAN FARM
Contains 160 acres, 2 good houses, large
barn, other outhuildings, and located on
the famous fruit belt.
pasture and timber.
Only 1 mile from
80 acres cleared, balance
Good colored neigh
This is a real bargain at $8,500.
long time on balance.
W M M I M M » » V
money if you can
match these 2 wonderful wool unionsuits for
$8.00. Order this amazing bargain this minute
before it is t o o late. Just give name, address
and breast measure.
4723 S t . L a w r e n c e A v e . , Apt 3, C H I C A G O , I L L .
To see this farm
is to want it.
Send f o r particulars.
Other good farms also.
Small o r large.
Tell us what vou want. Ad
dress P A U L P. A R E N S O N , 10 S. La Salle
St., Chicago, 111.
900 W . Van
VACATION A T
The moat wonderfully Ideal spot where young and
old cast aside for the time all the cares and worries
of their strenuous, nerve-racking routine lives and
romp and play once more as children and enjoy to the
full nature In all her wondrous glory. The waters of
the lake and surrounding trout streams are fairly
teeming with game fish of the best varieties.
T h i s
shows Parten front
Half Wig. Price $6.75
Natural Hair Wigs
shows " A " wig
Direct from the Manufacturer
Made according to your measurement,
combed and dressed, and cannot be de
Do you enjoy bathing, boating, Ashing, hunting T
Do you enjoy roaming through the woods picking
wild flowers and wild berries T
Do you want a place to go wbere you can build up
your health, vitality, energy and business efficiency?
Do yoj enjoy mingling with the active, thinking,
progressive people of the day—people who do things?
Do you believe In progress and do you want to /
have a part in one of the most progressive move- *
merit* of the time? Surely 1
Then you will be Interested In. and want to J*
own a lot of your own In Beautiful Idlewlld, jf
Michigan. If you act at once you can se-
cure a beautiful lot for only 135.tt each:
$6.00 cash; $1.00 per week. When your
payments are completed the lot will bt
transferred to you by an absolute
warranty deed with abstract showJ
Inn clear title.
Switches, Puffs, and other articles.
Large assortment of hair nets, pincers
and hairdressers' supplies.
Write fnr free catalog.
Idle wild Resort
So. Dearborn Si.
662-C 8th Ave., at 42d St., New York, N. Y.
Mention T H E CRISIS.
CODE O F ETIQUETTE
SHORT STORIES FOR COLORED PEOPLE
A Book absolutely in a class by itself.
instructive, handsomely illustrated. Wonderful pic
tures of Washington's prominent colored Society
leaders on the street; at the Theatre; at Church;
in the H o m e ; at Receptions, Balls. Parties, W e d
dings, Dinners, & c , &c. T h e illustrations are so
perfect and natural that the well bred, correctly
clothed men and women almost speak to you.
Learn how to dress and conduct yourself on any
and all occasions; correct dress for men and
w o m e n ; suggestions in colors and materials for the
ladies; hints as to footwear, hats, appropriate com
binations, & c , for both sexes.
What to serve your guests at breakfast, lunch o r
How to converse intelligently; h o w to k n o w when
to talk and when to remain silent; h o w to make
friends and gain popularity.
A book that will help the most prominent member
of society or the most humble.
A wonderful collection of Short Sto
ries for Young and Old. Stories that
will hold your attention from start to
By the most famous colored
writer of Short Stories in America.
Stories of Adventure
Stories of Bravery
Stories of School Days
Stories of Pluck
Stories of Success
Stories of Great Men
Stories for Father, Mother or the Chil
dren. Funny Stories; Stories that will
bring the tears to your eyes; Stories
once started must be finished before
laying aside the book. Handsomely il
that seem to live
throughout the story.
Illustrating Table Manners
A Book you will want
Must have in your home
A most excellent Christmas Gift
Over fifty pages of pleasing pictures taken
from best photographs. A B I G B O O K ,
containing over 400 pages. The people
are much pleased with this new publica
tion and are sending thousands of orders
to us. Order today. W e send by insured
parcel post; return your money if not
Price O N L Y $2.50.
W e are looking for 1000 hustlers, men
and women. Our offer will pay vou posi
tively $4 to $9 per day. One agent made
the first day.
Such an oppor
tunity comes but once in a lifetime.
A G E N T S ' S A M P L E showing specimen
pages and the pictures and covers of book,
will be mailed to you for 25 cents. It
represents exactly the complete book.
Send 25 cents for agents' outfit to-dav.
T H E CRISIS.
N o . 523 9 t h S T R E E T ,
W A S H I N G T O N , D . C.
Let us send you a suit
Made to your measure, payable after
received, with the clear understanding that if
the fit is not perfect, or if you are not satisfied
in every way; if you are not convinced that
you have received a fine, high-grade, stylish,
splendid-fitting tailored suit made to your
measure and have saved at least $15.00 to
$20.00, you are not under the slightest
obligation to keep it. Don't hesitate or
feel timid, simply send the suit back, no
cost to you. You are not out one penny.
Any money you may have paid us
is refunded at once.
S E N D N O M O N E Y — just your
name. and address for F R E E
samples and latest styles, beautiful
NEW samplebook all sent F R E E
— if you answer now.
All Wool Suits $25.00
S A M P L E S FREE
Any man, young or old, interested
in saving money, who wants to
dress well and not feel extravagant, is invited to answer at once and get our free
book of cloth samples and latest fashions, with everything explained. Simply mail
the coupon, or write letter or postal today, just say, "Send me your samples" and
get our whole proposition by return mail. Agents write too, we have a big NEW
agency deal for you. Try it, costs you nothing—just a stamp, get the F R E E
S A M P L E S and low prices anyway. Learn something important about dressing
well and saving money. Write today.
KNICKERBOCKER TAILORING CO.* Dept. 1083. CHICAGO, ILL.
-TEAR OUT HERE—MAIL TODAY
FREE SAMPLE BOOK COUPON
Knickerbocker Tailoring Company,
D e p t . 1 0 S 3 . C h i c a g o . 111.
Gentlemen: Please send me your complete big book of Samples & Styles showing your all-wool
suits as low as $25.00, and Agents big new money-making deal. Everything free and postpaid.
ANNOUNCING A NEW POLICY
AN UNUSUAL OPPORTUNITY
F o r wide-awake people in every c o m m u n i t y to b e c o m e
shareholders in a successful business.
C H E M I C A L C O . has developed one of the m o s t p r o g r e s s i v e
manufacturing enterprises of its kind among- the R a c e and
offers to investors an opportunity to b e c o m e a part of a g o i n g
g r o w i n g concern, w h o s e conservative management, high class
products and widespread advertising have stamped it a leader
in its line.
W e offer to share the b i g profits made yearly with in
vestors because w e want to expand our business into every
town and city and to have there interested friends w h o will
find it profitable to b o o s t our preparations, take an interest
in our affairs and help their m o n e y to double itself.
If y o u
want to be a part of a live-wire, m o n e y - m a k i n g organization.
"Write today for full information to N i l e Queen C o r p o r a
tion, care of