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thomas Jefferson

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A essay comparing two GREAT american writers. Thomas Jefferson and Thomas Paine. talkinga bout the Declaration of Independence and Common sense a pamphlet which made us the 13 colonies FIGHT for out freedom

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Chris Carnley November 22, 2013 A1

Thomas Jefferson and Thomas Paine In the early 1700’s many U.S. colonists were beginning to question their loyalty to England, because they felt the king was abusing his power, and collecting taxes for himself and plus he was an ocean away meaning he had no idea what was going on in the co lonies at the time. Two writers that were writing against England were Thomas Paine and Thomas Jefferson. Thomas Paine was an influential writer, he wrote “Common Sense” a short and easy to read pamphlet  about independence from England, and why they should do so. His audience was t he 13 U.S. Colonies and England. Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence, which was towards England and declared their independence making King George the III mad. He wrote and signed the Declaration, this piece of writing took two days to write but 8 years to actually fight and defeat B ritain this war was called the American Revolutionary war, or The American Independence war. Both these gentlemen were amazing and intelligent Jefferson a little more than P aine mostly because he grew up in a power ful and rich family, while Paine Paine grew up in England and was poor and didn’t really really have an education. Thomas Jefferson went to William and Mary for education making it so his writings were a little more difficult to read using big words and long sentences. Mostly read only by well-educated and rich people. While Thomas Paine’s’ work is short easy to read and straight to the point of what he’s trying to say

Thomas Paine was born on January 29, 1737 in Thetford, England. His father was hoping that he would become a lawyer, a merchant me rchant or a journalist, but Paine dropped out of school at the age of 12. 12 . In 1756 at the age of 19 he left England and went out to sea. By 1768 he was a tax officer in England. But after being discharged from his post two times in four years he became a columnist. As a columnist, he published “The Case of the Officers of Excise”, arguing for a pay raise for o fficers. In 1774, by coincidence, he met Benjamin Franklin in London, who he lped him immigrate to Philadelphia. Once in Philadelphia he begin to write for the colonies and for Benjamin Franklin. In 1776 he published the pamphlet called “Common Sense” which was a strong writing towards th e independence of the 13 colonies from Britain. The pamphlet was easy to r ead, using easy words and getting straight to the point, the exact opposite of Thomas Jefferson. Once Thomas Paine had published the pamphlet he returned to England because he didn’t want to be in Amer ica when the Revolutionary war would begin. After the war he returned to America due to the regards of Thomas Jefferson, and once back in the colonies he died June 8, 1809 in New York. Thomas Paine had many famous quotes, his most remember quote was repeated three times throughout history and is “These are the times that try men's souls. The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of their country; but he that stands it now, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman. Tyranny, like hell, is not easily c onquered; yet we have this consolation with us, that the harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph. What we obtain too cheap, we esteem too lightly: it is dearness only that gives everything its value.” This quote was said December 23, 1776 the year that we declared dec lared Independence from England. Abraham Lincoln said this quote again at the beginning of the civil war, and then Franklin Roosevelt said the quote once again at the beginning of World War II. This quote is talking about the beginning of the American Revolutionary war and talking about how it was a hard t ime and all the men were worrying wo rrying about the outcome and what would happen. It was also the time that the British were taking the Colonist’s freedoms. His “common sense” pamphlet influenced Thomas Jefferson and most of the other delegates. When writing the Declaration of Independence Independence,, it was mostly based off of Thomas Paine’s writing of “Common Sense” and why we should divide from England. Thomas Jefferson wrote the final document in two days.

Chris Carnley November 22, 2013 A1 Thomas Jefferson was born April 13, 1743 in Shadwell, Virginia. He grew up in a very well known and rich family. His father was Peter Jefferson and he was a Major slaveholder, when he died he gave all his land and slaves to Thomas. Thomas Jefferson was not very fond of slaves, he had believed that slavery would be the reason the 13 colonies fall. In 1759 at age 16 Thomas went to college at William and Mary, where he studied law and became an attorney. While there he met his professor George Wythe who was his influential teacher. For two years he studied mathematics, metaphysics, and philosophy under Professor William Small, who introduced the enthusiastic Jefferson to the wr itings of the British Empiricists, including John Locke, Francis Bacon, and Isaac Newton. He had graduated college with highest honors, and after that he never stopped learning. Always collecting books and adding them to his collection in Monticello, once his father died he inherited many things the one thing that he loved most out of his will was that he got to keep his fathers library. Then in 1775 Thomas Jefferson was the principal author of the Declaration of Independence, a formal document that officially proclaimed the dissolution of the American colonies from England. He was the Delegate of Virginia. The Declaration of Independence: The committed voted for him (Thomas Jefferson) to write the rough draft, once they saw his w riting style he became the primary author of the Declaration of Independence. His writing style wasn’t like Thomas Paine’s  writing style, Jefferson liked to use big words and take his time getting to the point of what he was trying t o say or recommend. Through this document we have found the greatest quote of American History and that is “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are cr eated equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” This sentence

means all people are born with the same basic rights, the main ones being the right to live, the right to be free, and the right to do what they wish. The Dec laration has a lot of major philosophers that were included not the names but their philosophies. The reason being for this is because of Jefferson’s College Professor George Wythe. Jefferson included Francis Bacon and John Locke in the Declaration. One part being “All mankind... being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty or possessions.” – John Locke.

This quote is basically the same exact thing that Thomas Jefferson wrote just changed possessions to pursuit of Happiness, so Jefferson had written the Dec laration of Independence using not only his words but other people that he learned about at the College of William and Mary. Once he signed the Declaration he had started the Revolutionary war. Jefferson served in the Virginia Legislature and the Continental Congress and was also the Governor of Virginia. After the war he became vice president under John Adams, one of his Great friends. After Adams service as President Thomas Jefferson became the Third President of the United States, serving for two terms (1801 -1809). During his time as president he purchased the Louisiana Territory and got two great explores to explore it Lewis and Clark. Also known as the Lewis and Clark e xpedition. After leaving the office in 1809 he had gone back to his home in Monticello, Virginia and had also founded the University of Virginia. He had died July 4, 1826 on the th

50  anniversary of Independence from Britain. It w as also the exact same day his fellow friend John Adams died, 5 hours within each other.

Chris Carnley November 22, 2013 A1

Sources: http://www.ushistory.org/PAINE/

http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/t/thomas_paine.html http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/signers/jefferson.htm http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/t/thomas_jefferson.html http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/j/john_locke.html

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