Bibliography Primary Sources Books
Barbour, Scott, ed. Alcohol. Farmington Hills: Greenhaven Press, 2006. Print. Opossing Viewpoints. Barbour’s book talks about the affects of alcohol and how alcohol affected the American society, and changed the way we view alcohol and also the limitations on alcohol. This book helped me understand the background information about alcohol and how it has become such a big part in American culture and how limitations needed to be implemented in order to preserve public safety. Lerner, Barron. One for the Road: Drunk Driving Since 1900. Baltimore: The John Hopkins University Press, 2011. Google Books. Web. 22 Sept. 2013. Barron’s book gave a more in-depth overview of drunk driving, and its history and how it has increased over the years leading to about 25,000-800,000 annual alcohol related deaths and car crashes. This source helped me understand how serious drunk driving was and how serious the consequences were.
Nancy Leffel, Victim Services Specialist. Telephone interview. 10 Oct. 2013. My interview with MADD Organization Florida Chapter allowed me to get a first hand conversation with someone that represents MADD, and know’s about their history. This
source helped him gain some background knowledge on MADD and how they started and how they influenced American Society.
ProQuest Staff. "Underage Drinking Timeline." Leading Issues Timelines. 2013 SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 16 Oct 2013. This source gave me an insight on to some important statistics and the timeline of drunk driving and how it affects our society today.
Appleman, Marc. "Women Lead Drive to Cut Road Drunks." Los Angeles Times [Los Angeles] 13 Dec. 1982: A10. Print. Appleman’s article talks about a recent case with drunk driving and how it effected the society during that time. This source helped me understand how drunk driving affected the United States by giving an example of a drunk driving case and how the people reacted to it. Harper, Timothy. "U.S. No Longer Willing to Condone Drunken Driving." Los Angeles Times [Los Angeles] 17 Dec. 1982: N11 Print. Harper’s article explains the need for the U.S. government to start regulating laws regarding to drinking and driving because the citizens public safety is constantly being threatened and taken away. This article allowed me to further agree with the fact that something needed to be done to start saving lives instead of ending them. Meyer, Eugene. "Bid to Toughen Drunk-Driving Laws Zeroes In on Md. Committee Chairman." The Washington Post [Washington D.C.] 12 Mar. 1981: 1. Print.
This article talked about how changes regarding drunk driving are now being made, but some people are getting in the way of some of these new bills that are trying to be passed. This article showed me that not everyone was for, passing laws regarding drunk driving, some people were against it and thought that it should be the drivers own risk. Shaw, Gaylord. "Victims Are MADD and Want Justice." Los Angeles Times [Los Angeles] 3 Nov. 1981: 1-2. Print. Shaw’s article explains how our society in the past has been known for giving unequal consequences for unequal crimes. Shaw brings up an old case referring to when a man was charged with car theft has to spend two years in jail and how a drunk driver who killed their son had to pay a $200 fee. This article really made me think to how corrupt our justice system really is and how drunk driving is a very serious crime and their needs to be harsher consequences.
Secondary Sources Audiovisuals
"Alcohol & Academic Performance." University of North Carolina Chapel Hill. Web. 11 Jan. 2014. This picture shows the correlation of drinking and academic performance. The more kids drink, the more their grade performance decreases.
! ! !
Alcohol Bottles. The Exeter Daily. 30 Nov. 2012. Web. 11 Jan. 2014. This displays the consequences of drinking and driving in a relatable form. By displaying how much drinking and driving can cost you on alcohol bottles it allows the viewer to visualize what they actually can lose. Beer with the foam saying 18 or 21. Tumblr, 13 Nov. 2012. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. This picture illustrates the debate over the national drinking age. It display's the two age groups that are constantly debated about. "Brief History of the National Minimum Drinking Age Act." Infographic. Time Toast. Web. 11 Jan. 2014. This timeline represents the history of the National Minimum Drinking Age. This chart also shows the different time periods and how they were effected by alcohol. Caution Drunk Drivers! Examiner. Clarity Digital Group, 3 July 2013. Web. 11 Jan. 2014. This picture shows a real sign with a picture of a little girl that was killed by a drunk driver. This sends out the message that innocent people are being killed because of peoples recklessness. "Committed Suicide." Adforum. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. This picture displays the fact that drunk driving is comparable to suicide just by drinking alcohol. Drunk Driving Accident. The Trent. Ziza Media, 30 Dec. 2013. Web. 11 Jan. 2014. This picture is a picture of a drunk driving car accident. This helped me realize how dangerous drunk driving can be, by just seeing how bad of shape the two cars in the accident were.
Drunk Driving Can Put You in a Wheelchair. Coroflot. 9 Nov. 2010. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. This shows the consequences of drunk driving and how it can alter a persons life forever. Drinking and Driving can disable someone for the rest of their life. "Drunk Driving Fatalities Rates 1991-2010." Chart. B4UDrink.Org. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. This bar graph shows that the amount of drunk driving fatalities during this time span has almost decreased by 50%. "Effects of Drunk Driving." Hardy Wolf. Web. 11 Jan. 2014. This picture displays the effects of drunk driving and how your vision and judgement can be impaired by alcohol. 4 Drunk Driving Statistics. Cargo Collective. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. This quick picture shows 4 dramatic statistics that has been calculated about drunk driving. One of the statistics being extremely serious, includes that someone is killed by a drunk driver every 45 minutes. This shows how fatal drunk driving truly is. "Go Ahead Drink and Drive." cSlacker. Web. 11 Jan. 2014. This picture shows a sign with three different directions that lead to bad consequences of drinking and driving. Handicap Parking Spot. Nerve. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. This picture displays a real consequence of drinking and driving. It shows that almost every minute someone becomes handicapped and is affected by drunk driving.
! ! !
Lowering the Drinking Age. WordPress. 28 June 2012. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. This was a poster that was used against MADD, to try to lower the legal drinking age to 18. This poster shows their side and their views about being old enough to going to war but not being old enough to go to the bar. MADD Ad. Jak's View From Vancouver. 17 Oct. 2004. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. This picture was used in a ad campaign for MADD. They used this picture to entice viewers to realize that drunk driving is very serious and is a crime. MADD Logo. MADD. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. This is the official logo that MADD uses to represent their company. "MADD Promotional Poster." Flickr. 13 May 2010. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. This poster was used to promote more awareness about drinking and driving and was created in a advertising design class. Not Everyone Who Gets Hit By a Drunk Driver Dies. New York Daily News. 17 Nov. 2003. Web. 11 Jan. 2014. This gruesome picture shows what actually happened to a girl that got hit by a drunk driver and how this has changed her forever. Painted Toes. Coloribus. June 2008. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. This picture shows a young girls foot being painted and being prepared for the funeral. The tag on her foot shows that she was considerably young and she was killed by a drunk driver.
"The Real Effects of Drinking and Driving." Hardy Wolf. Web. 11 Jan. 2014. This poster shows the real effects of driving under the influence. A important statistic that this poster shows is that alcohol related crashes total more than $51 billion annually. "The Truth About College Drinking." Pure Infographs. Word Press, 23 Jan. 2012. Web. 11 Jan. 2014. This info graph displays all of the information and statistics you need to know about college drinking. It displays fatality rates, drinking rates, and academic performance effected by alcohol. "Underage Drinking." Glogster. Web. 11 Jan. 2014. This picture represents the tolerance level for underage drinking. Kids under the age of 21 should not be drinking because it is illegal and it will harm not just themselves but people around them.
Lankford, Ronnie, ed. Alcohol Abuse. Farmington Hills: Greenhaven Press, 2007. Print. At Issue. Alcohol Abuse allowed me to see both sides of the argument about drunk driving. It shows the effects of alcohol consumption not only on personal health but also on others, and their personal safety. Nakaya, Andrea, ed. Alcohol. Farmington Hills: Greenhaven Press, 2008. Print. Opposing Viewpoints. Alcohol talks about alcohol in a general perspective and how underage drinking is a big problem and that more than half of the alcohol-related fatalities can be prevented by not
drinking and driving. This book gave me more information on what alcohol is and how it affects the person who consumes it. Overbey, Chris. Drinking and Driving War in America: Lulu.com, 2007. Google Books. Web. 22 Sept. 2013. Overbey’s book generally talks about the negative sides of the new age restriction on drinking. This source is against MADD, and gives me information about how MADD has negatively impacted civilian rights, including being able to go to war and vote and not being able to drink a beer.
Beyette, Beverley. "Her Anger Helped Force Tough Drunk-Driving Law." Los Angeles Times [Los Angeles] 31 Dec. 1981: C2. Print. Beyette’s article gave me some background information such as the reason why Candy Lightner, the founder of Mothers Against Drunk Driving started this organization. Candy Lightner started this organization because her daughter along with thousands of people each year was killed by a drunk driver. Cook, Caroline. "Saving Drunk Teens from Themselves." Los Angeles Times (Los Angeles, CA). 18 Jan 2010: A.23. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 16 Oct 2013. This source mainly highlights underage drinking and how teenagers are mainly the age group that are causing the drunk driving problems. This source helped me understand more statistics about drunk driving and about underage drinking. Gregory, Ted. "Push to Lower Legal Limit of Intoxication to 0.05 Stirs Debate." Chicago Tribune. 01 Sep 2013: 1. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 16 Oct 2013.
Gregory’s article talks about the debate about the legal limit of intoxication. This source showed me both sides to this rigorous debate and the reasons, such as being able to fight for your country but not being able to drink a beer after. For example, the debate concerning if there is such thing as “responsible drinking and driving”. Ogilvie, Jessica Pauline. "Pro/Con: Should Legal Drinking Age Be Lowered to 18?." Los Angeles Times. 30 May 2011: E.1. SIRS Issues Researcher.Web. 16 Oct 2013. This source represents the pro’s and the cons to this heated debate. By this source representing both sides, it allowed me to gather information concerning both sides and led me to a conclusion on which side I should take. This source confirmed my decision to be for pro MADD and for the reasons that they stood behind. Wechsler, Henry, and Toben F. Nelson. "Will Increasing Alcohol Availability by Lowering the Minimum Legal..." American Journal of Public Health Vol. 100, No. 6. Jun 2010: 986-992. SIRS Issues Researcher. Web. 16 Oct 2013. This source gives a rough overview of the effects and history of drunk driving and how it has effected our society to be the way it is today. One important statistic was that, “Alcohol consumption is the third leading actual cause of death in the United States, a major contributing factor to unintentional injuries, the leading cause of death for youths and young adults, and accounts for an estimated 75 000 or more total deaths in the United States annually” !
"Alcohol." Above the Influence. Youth Anti Drug Media Campaign, Web. 11 Jan. 2014. This website gave me some key information about what alcohol really is and what some of the side effects from drinking alcohol can be. By displaying the short term effects and the long term effects it allowed me to realize how serious drinking can really be. Burrell, Jackie. "Sobering Statistics on College Drinking." About. Web. 11 Jan. 2014. This website highlights all of the key information regarding college drinking. It also displays important information that was collected through surveys about college drinking.
"Drunk Driving Statistics." MADD. Mothers Against Drunk Driving, Web. 24 Sept. 2013. These statistics were provided from MADD and display their own statistics that they have gathered from their research. For example, Every 53 minutes on average, someone is killed in a drunk driving crash (9,878 people in total in 2011). "15 Reasons Why Drinking Age Should Be 18." Cognac. Cognac, 1 Jan. 2013. Web. 13 Oct. 2013. This website displays information that gives reasons for why the drinking age should be 18 and why MADD should not have tried to increase the drinking age. This shows the group of people that are against MADD and against the increased drinking age. MADD Organization. "An Interview with MADD California Executive Director Gary McDonald." Interview by GJEL Accident Attorneys. GJEL Accident Attorneys. 12 Dec. 2011. Web. 7 Oct. 2013.
This interview was with MADD Califronia Executive Director Gary McDonald, and displays his feelings about drunk driving and this gives us an insight to what the workers for MADD truly believe and what they stand for. "MADD Quotes." Get MADD. Web. 11 Jan. 2014. This website provides a list of detailed quotes either said by MADD or said by people about drinking and driving. "Mothers Against Drunk Driving." Activistcash. Center for Consumer Freedom, Web. 13 Oct. 2013. This website displays information regarding Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD). They displayed information about MADD’s headquarters, assets, revenues, history, and their motivation for what they do. "Underage Drinking." National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Web. 11 Jan. 2014. This website is a very good website that I used to get my information on underage drinking. It displayed a lot of statistics about underage drinking and displayed the risks of it as well.