تقنية التحكم المبرمج تخصص الالات كهربائيه PDF

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    ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ 

 

ã¹] gè…‚jÖ]æ ËÖ] Üé×Ãj×Ö íÚ^ÃÖ] 퉉ö¹]

‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

  ‫א‬   

‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫אא‬   

٢٣ ١

 

 ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

W ،      ،        ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ،    ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ،  ‫א‬      ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬          ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬   ‫א‬      W‫א‬ ‫א‬        K  ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬       ‫א‬        ،  ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ،       ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬            ‫א‬   ،   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ،  ‫א‬       K ‫אא‬      ‫א‬ ،   ‫א‬         ‫א‬   ?  ‫א‬   ?  ? ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ? ‫א‬ ‫א‬   K‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬      ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬      ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬        ‫א‬     ،  ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ،  K‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬        

   W     ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬   K‫א‬

‫א‬   ‫אא‬ ‫אא‬ ‫אא‬   ‫א‬ 

 

 



  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬    K  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬     ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ،  ‫א‬       ‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫ א‬   ‫א‬         ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ،  ‫א‬   ‫א‬      Programmable Logic Controller ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬  ‫ א‬  ‫ א‬‫ א‬ ‫ א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ K(PLC)   ‫א‬     ‫א‬   ٩ ٦ ٩  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫ א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ،   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ،   ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬       ‫א‬    ‫א‬    ‫א‬      ‫א‬    ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬        KKKKK  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬      K‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬    K  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬     ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ،  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬      ‫א‬  K       ‫א‬       ‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬      ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬     K‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬     KKK  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ،  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ،  ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬         ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬   K‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬

 

ã¹] gè…‚jÖ]æ ËÖ] Üé×Ãj×Ö íÚ^ÃÖ] 퉉ö¹]

‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬ ‫אא‬                                         

١

 

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬W ‫א‬‫א‬  

‫א‬   ‫א‬    W‫א‬‫א‬ W ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬K١      ‫ א‬K٢ ‫א‬  K٣ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬      W‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬  J    

-

-

W ‫א‬‫א‬ 

 

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬       System Decimal ‫א‬    ‫א‬    K   ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬   K    Decimal System

‫א‬ ‫א‬

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  E  F    E‫א‬   F ‫א‬       ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ،   ٠

٠ ،   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬     E‫א‬  ٠‫א‬  F  ٢   F ‫א‬   E ٠ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬      ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ٠٠ ‫א‬ ٠ ،E ٠٠٠١ ،F  K‫א‬   ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬    E ٠ ٣ F  ‫א‬ ‫א‬       E KKK ،   ٠ ٣  ،   ٠ ٢ ،   ٠ ١ ،   ٠ ٠ F    ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬     ‫א‬               ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬  W 

‫ אא‬   ٥٢   ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬   W   ١   ٢  ٤٥ ٢ )  = ٢  x (  )  +٥  x (  )  +٤  x (   ) ‫א‬

= ٢  x

+ ٥  x

+ ٤  x

= ٢  + ٥ + ٤

 ‫ א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬

٢٣٨٩

  ٢  ٣  ٨  ٩)   = ٩  x (  )  +٨  x (  )  +٣  x (  )٢  + ٢  x (  )٣  + = ٩  x ١  + ٨  x ١٠  + ٣  x ١٠ ٠  + ٢  x + = ٩  + ٨ + ٣ +٢ -

+

-

x

‫ אא‬  ‫א‬   ‫ א‬   W   ٢  ٤

x (  )  

 

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

 

Binary System

‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬  E‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  F ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬        E , ١ F   :‫ א‬ ‫ א‬‫ א‬   K  ( ٢ ٠ , ٢ ١, ٢ ٢ , ٢ ٣, ٢ ٤ ,………….)  ‫א‬ ١  ٠  ١  ١  ١  ٠  ١  ١)٢ ,

١  ١  ١  ١  ١  ٠  ٠  ٠  ٠  ٠) ١٢  

١  ٠  ١  ٠  ١  ٠  ١  ٠  ٠)٢  

   ،  ‫א‬  ‫א‬         ‫א‬ ‫ א‬  ‫ א‬  ، K ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫ א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬           W    ١٠ ١ )٢ ١٠ ١ )٢  = ١ x٢ ٠ + ٠ x٢ ١ + ١ x٢ ٢  (١ ١ ) Digital System     ‫ א‬   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬       ‫א‬ ‫ א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬      ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬       ‫א‬ ،  ‫א‬     K ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬

 ‫ א‬      ‫א‬ ‫אא‬‫אא‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬     (١ ١ ) ‫א‬         ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  ،  ‫ א‬  ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬   K ‫א‬   W   (١  ٠  ٠  ١) ‫ א‬  ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬    ٢

١  ٠  ٠  ١) ٢ = ١ x٢ ٠ + ٠ x٢ ١ + ٠ x٢ ٢ + ١ x٢ ٣  =١  + ٠  + ٠  + ٨  = ٩  

٠  ١  ٠  ١  ٠  ١  ٠)٢   ‫אא‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ W   ٣  

‫א‬

١  ٠  ٠  ١) ٢ = ١ x٢ ٠ + ٠ x٢ ١ + ١ x٢ ٢ + ٠ x٢ ٣ + ١ x٢ ٤ + ٠ x٢ ٥ + ١ x٢ ٦ + ٠ x٢ ٧   ‫ﻄ‬ =١  + ٠  + ٤  + ٠  + ١٦  + ٠  + ١٢ ٨  + ٠ = ١٧ ٠ 

-

-

 

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫ אא‬  ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬   ‫א‬     ‫א‬     ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬      ‫א‬       ‫א‬ ‫א‬      ‫א‬       K ‫א‬     ‫אא‬‫א‬  ‫א‬   ٧  ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬   W   ٤   ‫ אא‬    ‫אא‬  ‫אא‬  ‫אא‬  L. S. B   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ٣ 27  ÷ 2 :

13 ÷ 2

 

6  ÷ 2

 

÷

3 2 1÷ 2  

 

   ‫א‬ ‫א‬

M. S. B

٢٧  = ١  ١  ٠  ١  ١) ٢  :

‫אא‬ 

‫אא‬ 

66  ÷ 2

٣

33 ÷ 2

٦

‫א‬   ٦  ‫א‬ ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬   W   ٥  ‫א‬   ‫אא‬  L. S. B ‫ ﺔ‬ ‫ ﻤ‬ ‫ ﻴ‬ ‫ ﻗ‬   ‫ ﺃﻗ‬ ‫ ﺫﺍ ﺕ‬ ‫ ﺔ‬ ‫ ﻨ‬ ‫ ﺎ‬ ‫ ﺨ‬ ‫ ﻟ‬ ‫ ﺍ‬

١

 

16  ÷ 2

 

8  ÷ 2

 

4  ÷ 2

 

2  ÷ 2

  M. S. B ‫ ﺔ‬ ‫ ﻤ‬ ‫ ﻴ‬ ‫ﻗ‬  ‫ﺭ‬‫ﺒ‬‫ﻜ‬‫ﺃ‬  ‫ ﺫﺍ ﺕ‬ ‫ ﺔ‬ ‫ ﻨ‬ ‫ ﺎ‬ ‫ ﺨ‬ ‫ ﻟ‬ ‫ ﺍ‬

1÷ 2

 

٦٦  = ١  ٠  ٠  ٠  ٠  ١  ٠)٢ 

-

-

 

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

W Hexadecim Hexadecimal al System   ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬

   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫ א‬     ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬    K  ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬  ‫א‬         ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬  E    F ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ K ٦ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ، E F  A  F  ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  “١ ”    W   ‫א‬‫א‬  

‫ אא‬  ‫א‬   ‫ א‬

‫אא‬‫א‬  ‫א‬

‫ אא‬  ‫א‬   ‫ א‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬  

 

٢

 

٣

 

٤

 

٥

   

٦ ٧

 

٨

 

٩

 

A

 

B

٢

 

C

٣ ٤

   

D E

-

-

 

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

٥

 

F

  ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬      ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬             ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ، ‫א‬    K    ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬     ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ،  ‫א‬ ‫ א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬    ‫אא‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  W ‫א‬   K        ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫ א‬E F     ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫ א‬ ‫א‬   K  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ K ‫א‬      ‫א‬ ‫א‬    

:

‫ אא‬  ‫א‬   ‫ א‬     ٠  ١  ٠  ٠  ١  ٠  ٠    ‫אא‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ W   ٦   ‫א‬            ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ١

10100100 ⇒ 1010 & 0100        ، ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬   ‫ א‬E F   ٢   ‫א‬‫א‬   0100 ⇒

4)16  

1010 ⇒

A)16  

10100100



A 4 ) 16

 

‫ אא‬     ١  ١  ١  ٠  ٠  ١  ١  ١  ١  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ W   ٧  :

 ‫א‬            ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ١ -

-

 

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

1111001111⇒ 0011,

1100 & 1111

 

     ، ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬   ‫ א‬E F   ٢   ‫א‬‫א‬   001 ⇒ 3)16  

1100 ⇒ C) 16  

1111 ⇒ F) 16  

1111001111) 2  ⇒ 3CF)16  

 ‫ א‬    ‫א‬ ‫אא‬    ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬   ٦ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫ א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬         ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  K   

‫אא‬  192 ÷ 16 12  ÷ 16  

‫ אא‬  ‫א‬   ‫ א‬     ٩٢  ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬   W   ٨   ‫ אא‬    ‫אא‬  ‫אא‬  L. S. B   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ٢ M. S. B   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ٢ =C

١٩ ٢  = C٠ )١٦  

‫אא‬  23456 ÷ 16 1466  ÷ 16 91 ÷ 16

‫ אא‬  ‫א‬   ‫ א‬     ٣  ٤  ٥  ٦   ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬   W   ٩   ‫א‬   ‫אא‬  ‫אא‬  L. S. B   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ٤٦٦ ١

=A

 

١ =B

 

   ‫א‬ ‫א‬

M. S. B

5  ÷ 16

 

٢  ٣  ٤  ٥  ٦ = ٥ BA٠ )١٦   -

-

 

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

  ‫א א‬

W    

‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬   K  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  K W‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  K 

i)

١  ٠  ١  ١  ٠  ٠  ١  ١  

ii)

١  ١  ٠  ٠  ٠  ٠  ١  ١  

iii)

١  ٠  ٠  ١  ١  ١  ٠  ٠  ٠  ١  ١  ١ 

    ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  K W‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

i)

٣٥ ٠  

ii)

١  ٠  ٢  ٤ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  K  ٥  ٢  ٥  ٦ 

iii)

    ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  K W‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

i)

٣ A٥٠  

ii)

١ B٢٤  

‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  K  ٥٢ F٦  

iii)

‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  K  

-

-

 

 ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬

 

ã¹] gè…‚jÖ]æ ËÖ] Üé×Ãj×Ö íÚ^ÃÖ] 퉉ö¹]

‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫אא‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬                                                             

٢

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬W ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬      ‫א‬   ‫א‬    

‫א‬   ‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ W ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬K١ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  K٢   ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬     K٣    W‫א‬ ‫א‬

J     ‫א‬  W ‫א‬‫א‬ 

-

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

Logic Circuits

      ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬            K ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬      ‫א‬ ‫א‬       ‫א‬ ‫א‬    K ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ON ‫א‬           ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬     K “١ ” ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬     ‫א‬    ‫א‬     ‫א‬      ‫א‬‫א‬   OFF ‫א‬   “٠ ” ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬   ‫ א‬‫ א‬     ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬     ‫א‬    INPUT      ‫א‬   ‫א‬    (٠ {١ ) ‫א‬           ‫א‬   ‫א‬  OUTPUT       ‫א‬  ‫א‬   “١ ”   “٠ ” ‫א‬    ‫ א‬    A , B  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ K‫א‬   n       ‫א‬      ٢ = ٤    ‫א‬ n

B

A

٠ ٠ ١ ١ ١  

‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ٣  =

٨  ‫ א‬   A, B, C   ‫ א‬   ‫א‬     -

 

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

C

B

A

٠ ٠ ٠ ٠ ١ ١ ١ ١ ٢  

‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ OR 

‫א‬  E   F  

 

AND

‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬   E F    ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬         ‫א‬  K NOT ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫ א‬J ٢ AND GATE

E ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫אא‬‫א‬ ‫א‬   ٢ ‫א‬ ‫אא‬   ‫א‬   (٢ ١ )  ‫א‬ ‫א‬       ‫א‬ ‫א‬      F     ‫א‬‫א‬   K ‫א‬           ‫א‬ ‫א‬   A,B  W ‫א‬     ‫א‬  E  F ‫א‬     (٢ -  )

F = A.B

‫א‬ ‫א‬     K ‫א‬       

-

 

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

 A

 A F

B

B

 _ 

 _ 

 

&

 _ 

F

 

(٢ ١ ) AND

   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬  ٢=٤       K ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬       ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  (٢ ٣ )    ‫ א‬    AND E F   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  K TRUTH TABLE   B

A

F

 

٣ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬    AND   “A = ” “B = ”

“ ”

١ ،

F

١ ‫א‬    ١ K ‫ א‬   ‫א‬  ?   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ? ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬     “٢ ٢ ”   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ?   ? ‫א‬     ‫א‬   

 F ‫א‬    ‫א‬   ‫א‬  A,B ‫א‬ B

 A

F (٢ ٢ )

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ AND   -

٢

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

  ‫א‬       ‫ א‬  “١ ”    ‫ א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  K       ON ‫א‬  A,B ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬        ‫א‬    “١ ” ‫א‬        ‫א‬ ?  ?    ‫א‬        ‫א‬ “٠ ” ‫א‬  “١ ”   ON   ‫א‬   K  ‫א‬     ?  ?  ‫א‬      (٢ ٣) K“٠ ”    A B C

 A B C

F (٢ ٣ )

 

 _   _

&



F

 _ 



‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬  AND   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  W    C

B

A

F

٠ ٠ ٠ ٠ ٠ ٠ ٠ ١ ٤  

  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  AND ‫א‬    ‫א‬  “ ”

“ ”

١ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ٠” ‫א‬ ? ?       ?   K “٠ ”   ‫אא‬      ١    ‫אא‬  “  ? ‫א‬   ‫א‬    -

٣

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

?     ‫אא‬‫אא‬‫אא‬ ٢ ‫א‬ ‫א‬       ‫א‬  ‫א‬   (٢ ٤ )  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬   K ‫א‬           ‫א‬ ‫א‬   K A,B    F   ‫א‬ ‫א‬     W ‫א‬     ‫א‬    ?  ? OR GATE

(٢ -٢ )

F = A + B

 

‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  (٢ ٥ )   ،  ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬      ‫א‬      A

 A

B

F

 _ 

 

>=

 _ 

F

 _ 

B (٢ ٤ )

 ‫א‬   OR    B

A

F

 

٥ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬    AND    ONK       ‫א‬        “١ ” ‫א‬  F ‫ א‬ ‫א‬   K“١ ”  ‫א‬   ‫א‬     “٢ ٥ ”   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ?   ?  ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  A,B ‫א‬  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ،   F ‫א‬      ON     A,B  A,B ‫א‬       ‫ א‬  “١ ”     -

٤

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

F

 

(٢ ٥ )

  ‫א‬ OR  ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬         “١ ” ‫א‬         ‫א‬  ?   ?      (٢ ٦ )  K      “٠ ” ‫א‬  “١ ” ‫א‬      ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬      ‫א‬   (٢ ٦ )  ‫א‬  E  F     A B C

 A B C

F

>=

 _   _

F

 _ 

  (٢ ٦ )

  ‫א‬   ‫א‬  OR  ‫א‬   C

B

A

F

٠ ١ ١ ١ ١ ١ ١ ٦   -

٥

-



١

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬  OR    NOT GATE

‫ אא‬  ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬   ‫ א‬     ‫אא‬ ‫א‬ 

٢

‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   (٢ ٧)  ‫א‬  ‫א‬   “١‫א‬   ”  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬         ‫א‬

W ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬  K   ‫א‬  “٠ ” ‫א‬  (٢ -٣ )

F  = A  

‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  (٢ ٧ )   E  AF  A  A    A

F (٢ ٧ )

 OR    ‫א‬   

A

F

 

٧ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬       ‫א‬  ?   ? ‫א‬  ‫א‬   A ‫א‬    (٢ ٨ )   ‫א‬    ‫א‬    ‫ א‬  “١ ”     ‫א‬ F ‫ א‬  EF   K ‫א‬     A ‫א‬    NOT

 

-

٦

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

 A

F

 

(٢ ٨ )

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ NOT    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

٢

?  ?  ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬  ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   AND ?  ? ‫ א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬      NOT AND ‫א‬    

٢

NAND GATE

‫א‬ ‫א‬   K(٢ ٩ )      NOT ‫א‬    ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬    (٢ ١٠ )     A

 A

 B

F (٢ ١ ٠ )

  NAND   ‫א‬  

F

B (٢ ٩ )

  NOT   ‫א‬   AND   ‫א‬    NAND ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫ א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬  F  ‫א‬    A,B      NAND ‫א‬       ‫א‬  (٢ ٧ )   ، F=NOT(A AND B)  (٢ ٤ )   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ K‫א‬     (٢ -٤ )

F =  A ⋅ B  

 

-

٧

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

 

‫ﺧ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ B

‫ج‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ A

AND

‫ ﺧ ﺮ ج‬ F

‫ﺧﺮ‬

 NAND

 

(٢ ٧ )

 ‫א‬  ‫א‬   NAND     ‫א‬  “٠ ”  ?    ? ‫א‬     ‫א‬‫א‬     ‫א‬     ‫א‬  ‫א‬     ‫א‬ “١ ”   “١ ” ‫א‬   “٠ ” ‫א‬  ‫א‬   K  NOR GATE E     F  ‫אא‬‫אא‬‫אא‬ ٢ ‫א‬  ‫א‬    OR   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬    OR     ‫א‬       ، (٢ ١٢ )   ‫א‬    ، K(٢ ١١ )      NOT ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ K‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  (٢ ٨ )   K(٢ ٥ )  ‫א‬      A

 A F

B

 

F B

(٢ ١ ٢ )

(٢ ١١ )

  NOT   ‫א‬   OR   ‫א‬    NOR  ‫א‬

  NOR  ‫א‬    

  F= NOT(A+B)

=

(٢ -٥ )

A + B  

-

٨

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

 

‫ﺧ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ B

‫ج‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ A

OR

‫ﺧﺮ‬

 NOR  ‫ ﺧ ﺮ ج‬ F

 

(٢ ٨ )

 ‫א‬  ‫א‬   NOR   “ ”   NOR    ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬       ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬ K ?  ‫א‬ ? ١  “١ ” ‫ א‬     ‫ א‬ “٠ ”    ‫א‬           

“٠ ”  NOR 

E   ‫ א‬ ‫אא‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ٢ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   (٢ ١٣ )      NOT  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬           E ‫א‬  F         ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬  (٢ ١٤ )          (٢ ١٣ ) ‫א‬ ‫א‬ NOT NOT G GATE, ATE, BUFFER GATE

‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ، (٢ ٦ )     ‫א‬ ‫א‬     

K(٢ ٩ )     A

 

F

 A

(٢ ١ ٤ )

F (٢ ١٣ )

 ‫א‬   BUFFER  

 ‫א‬    BUFFER  ‫א‬  NOT    

F= NOT(NOT(A))

=

(٢ -٦ )

A  -

٩

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

  ‫ﺧ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ A

‫ج‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬  NOT

‫ﺧﺮ‬

BUFFER ‫ ﺧ ﺮ ج‬ F

 

(٢ ٩ )



‫א‬  ‫א‬     ‫אא‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ٢ EXCLUSIVE OR GATE ( XOR )  (٢ ٧ )   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  (٢ ١٥ )    ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬      ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  K(٢ ١٠ )        NOT NOT(BUFFER)

 

   A F B (٢ ١٥ )

 XOR    ‫א‬     (٢ -٧ )

F = AB  + A B  

-

 

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

 

‫ﺧ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ B

‫ج‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ A

F

 

(٢ ١٠ )

 ‫א‬  ‫א‬  XOR    “١ ”  ‫ א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬                “١ ”  K   “١ ”  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬ “٠ ”   ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬       ‫א‬   ‫א‬         A , B     “١ ”    K‫א‬   ‫א‬

‫א‬‫אא‬ ‫א‬ ٢ ‫א‬ ‫א‬    (٢ ١٦ )  ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬    (٢ ٨ )      ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ K(٢ ١٠ )       EXCLUSIVE NOR GATE ( X NOR )

   A F B (٢ ١٥ )

 XNOR    ‫א‬     (٢ -٨ )

F = AB + A B  

-

 

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

 

‫ﺧ‬‫ﺪ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ B

‫ج‬‫ﺮ‬‫ﺨ‬‫ﻟ‬‫ا‬ A

F

 

(٢ ١١ )

 ‫א‬  ‫א‬  XNOR    “١ ”      ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬          ‫א‬     ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  “٠ ”  “١ ”  ‫א א‬   

W ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ 

٢

‫א‬     ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬     ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫ א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬       ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬     W ‫א‬ (٢ ١ ) ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬    F = AC  + BC  

‫א‬

   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬           ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬ AND ?  ?   (٢ ١٧ )     A C  A , C  ?   ?   ‫א‬  ‫א‬             ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬ (٢ ١٨ )     B C  B C  AND :

 

-

٢

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

B

 A BC

C

 

 AC

C

(٢ ١ ٨ )    

(٢ ١ ٧ )  (٢ ١ )  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬

(٢ ١ )  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬

 

  ? ‫א‬    ‫א‬          ‫א‬  ‫א‬   (٢ ١٩ )     F  B C , A C  OR ?  AC F BC

 

(٢ ١ ٩ ) 

(٢ ١ )  OR  ‫ א‬  

‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  (٢ ٢٠ )     ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬    K(٢ ١٢ )    ‫א‬   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬   ،    ‫א‬ ‫א‬     A C

F

B C

(٢ ٢ ٠ ) 

(٢ ١ )  ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬‫א‬

-

٣

-



 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

  C

B

A

AC

BC

F

 

(٢ ١٢ )

 (٢ ١ )  ‫ א‬ 

-

٤

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

( ٢

٢ )

‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬

:

F = A B  + AB  

 ‫ אא‬  :   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬       EB  A F     (٢ ٢١ )     B  A  AND ?  ?   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬ (٢ ٢٢ )     ‫ א‬  ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬  ‫ א‬     

 

 A B

 A B

 AB

 AB

(٢ ٢٢ )

 (٢ ٢١ )  (٢ ٢ )  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ (٢ ٢ )  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬     F  OR  ?   ?    ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

(٢ ٢٣ )

   AB F  AB

(٢ ٢٣ )

 (٢ ٢ )     OR  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  (٢ ٢٤ )     ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬  K(٢ ١٣ )    ‫א‬   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬   ،  

-

٥

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

   AB

 A B

B

F  AB

 A

(٢ ٢٤ )

 (٢ ٢ )  ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬‫א‬   B

A

A

B

AB

AB

F

 

(٢ ١٢ )

 (٢ ٢ )  ‫ א‬ 

( ٢

٣ )

‫א‬  ‫א‬   ٠ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬

F = ABC +  BC + AC  

‫א‬

  ‫א‬      ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬ (٢ ٢٥ )  ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬    ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬ (٢ ٢٦ )  ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬    ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬ (٢ ٢٧ )  ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬    :

 

-

٦

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

B

 A

B

 ABC

 AB

C

B C

(٢ ٢٦ ) (٢ ٣ )

(٢ ٢٥ )

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

  (٢ ٣ )  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  

 A  AC

C (٢ ٢٧ )

 (٢ ٣ )  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  (٢ ٢٨ )     ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  K(٢ ١٤ )    ‫א‬   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬   ،    ‫א‬ ‫א‬     A  ABC B C

B

B

BC F

C

 AC

 A C

(٢ ٢٨ )

 (٢ ٢ )  ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬‫א‬

-

٧

-



 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

  C

B

A

F

 

(٢ ١٤ )

 (٢ ٣ )  ‫ א‬ 

-

٨

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

  W‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

W‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ i)

F = (A +  B)(B + C)  

ii)

F = (A +  B)(B + C)  

iii)

F = (A +  B)(B + C)  

iv)

F = (A +  B)(B + C)  

v)

F = (A +  B)(B + C)  

vi)

F = (A +  B)(B + C)  

 ‫א‬ W‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  NAND ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫ א‬K  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  {٦  ms    {١   ms        {٢  ms    {٣  ms          XOR   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  K  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   W‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ א‬K  (٢ ٣٠ )   ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬  ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬‫ א‬ ‫ א‬K (٢ ٢٩ )

 

B

B  AB

C

F  A  AC

C

(٢ ٢٩ )

  

-

٩

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

  B

B  AB

C

F  A  AC

C

(٢ ٣٠ )

  

-

 

-

 

 ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬

 

ã¹] gè…‚jÖ]æ ËÖ] Üé×Ãj×Ö íÚ^ÃÖ] 퉉ö¹]

‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬                                                                                                                                                                                   

٣

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫אא‬   ‫אא‬   

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

 

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫ א‬W ‫א‬‫א‬  

W ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬     ‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬    K١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬     K٢ K‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬      K٣    W‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  W ‫א‬‫א‬  J    

-

 

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬     ‫ א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ CONTROLLER”   ‫א‬     ‫א‬    ٩ ٦ ٩   ‫א‬  “PLC”        ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ٩ ٧ ٤   –  ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫ א‬    “PLC”   K ‫א‬          ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  “PROGRAMMABLE

LOGIC

 “PLC” ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

٣

‫ א‬ “TIMING” ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬              ‫א‬  ‫א‬       “LOGIC”    K ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬   “ARITHMATIC”          “PLC”  ‫א‬     ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬        ‫א‬ ‫א‬      E  F ‫ א‬   ‫א‬ K ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬     ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬    K KKK ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ W ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  J ٣

    ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬     ‫א‬  K ‫א‬ ‫א‬         ‫א‬  ‫א‬       ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫ א‬  ‫א‬       ‫א‬  ‫ א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬      PLC ‫א‬‫א‬    ،    ‫א‬  ‫א‬          ‫א‬     ‫א‬      ‫א‬ W ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬ -

٢

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

“S٢ ”

  “L١ ” ‫א‬  “S١ ” ‫א‬     ‫א‬  (٣ ١ )   K “L٢ ” ‫א‬  S 







(٣ ١ )  S٢   , S١

 

‫א‬    ‫א‬   L٢   , L١ ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬    (٣ ٢ )

     ‫א‬‫א‬        L 







(٣ ٢ )  S٢  

 

  S١   ‫א‬ L٢  , L١      ‫א‬   ‫א‬      ‫א‬  (٣ ٣ )    ‫ א‬‫ א‬       S 







(

)

٣ ٣  -

٣

-

 

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

    ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬        ‫א‬‫א‬      ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬   ‫א‬             ‫א‬‫א‬  K      ‫א‬   ‫א‬   (٣ ٤) ‫א‬   PLC ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬     ‫א‬‫א‬      ‫א‬ ‫א‬      ‫א‬ ‫א‬   L 



PLC



S٢ INPUT

OUTPUT

(٣ -٤ )   

F   ‫א‬  ‫א‬     PLC  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬   PLC  ‫א‬    E ‫א‬ ‫א‬     K‫א‬    ‫א‬       ‫א‬  ‫א‬     ‫א‬     W  ‫א‬   PLC ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬     K‫א‬    K١ K‫א‬   ‫א‬  K٢ K‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬    K٣ K  ‫א‬    K٤ W ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

٣

 “BUS”  “BRICK”      ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬    -

٤

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

٦          ٦      ‫א‬   ‫א‬

      ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ،         ‫א‬  ‫א‬  K‫א‬     ‫ א‬  ‫א‬     E J F    ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  K   K١ K   K٢ K  ‫א‬     K٣ K    K٤ K   K٥ K        

  

  

 ‫א‬     

‫א‬     K(٣ ٥ )  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

-

٥

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

 ‫ א‬   ‫א‬ ٣    ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬   K  ٢ ٠  ٤       KKK  ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ Power Supply

‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬   ‫ אא‬     ٣ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬         (CPU) ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬   ‫א‬    ‫א‬      Input/output Module

 ‫ א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬   ٣    ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬     ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬     ‫א‬   ‫א‬      ‫א‬ ‫א‬      ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬       ‫א‬        ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ROM  ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬    K (٣ ١ )      Central Processing Unit (CPU)

SYSTEM PROGIAM

ROM

‫א‬ 

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

SYSTEM VARIABLES PLC VARIABLES

‫א‬    

PLC

RAM

USER PROGRAM

‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

USER VARIABLES USER PROGRAM

EPROM OR EEPROM

‫א‬ 

‫א‬

(٣ ١ )

 

-

٦

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

W ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬   

ROM  ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬ ‫ א‬  ‫ אא‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬   W RAM  ‫אא‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫אא‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫אא‬   ? ‫א‬     ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬      ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ، E  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ F     ‫א‬‫א‬     PLC  ‫א‬       K  ‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬       ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫ א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ K       ‫א‬ ‫א‬           ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬  ‫א‬   

   ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ E Y EPROM Y  ‫א‬  ‫א‬F  ‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ EEPROM     ‫א‬‫א‬        K    ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  

 ‫ א‬   ‫א‬ ١   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬          K PLC ‫ א‬ ‫א‬    Programming Unit

‫א‬

‫א א‬

       

٣

‫א‬ ‫א‬           ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫ א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  “RELAYS”  ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬      E     F      E     F ‫א‬    

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 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

 ‫ א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬  F  ‫ אא‬  ٣ ‫א‬    ،     ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬   W    ‫א‬‫א‬   (٣ ٧ )  “MEMORY CIRCUIT”  ) ،   ‫א‬  ‫א‬      ‫א‬ ‫א‬   W‫א‬  J ١ KKE    A٢   , A١   ‫א‬  ‫א‬     ( A ) W J ٢ ‫א‬ W ‫א‬    J ٣ LATCH CIRCUIT

  START  A

 A  M  A٢

(٣ ٦ ) 

Latch Circuit ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬

 ‫ א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬   K ( START ) ‫א‬   ‫ א‬J ١ (A١ , A٢    ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬   ‫ א‬   ‫ א‬A ‫ א‬   ‫ א‬J ٢ )

‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  A٢ ‫ א‬J ٣ K   K ‫א‬   ‫א‬    E ‫א‬  F A١ ‫ א‬J ٤ ‫א‬     ‫א‬  ‫א‬   STOP ‫א‬   ‫א‬   J ٥ K ‫א‬‫ א‬  A٢  , A١   

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 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

‫ אא‬‫א‬    ‫ א‬  ‫א‬‫ א‬        ‫ אא‬   W  :  K ‫ א‬‫ א‬   (٣ ٧ )  A٢  , A١   A ‫ א‬   SW١ ‫ א‬  ‫ א‬  J ١ A ‫ א‬     A١ • ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ M١ ‫א‬  A٢ •   W SW٢  ‫א‬  J ٢ K M١ ‫א‬   A٢  , A١  A ‫א‬   • K B٢  , B١    ‫א‬   B ‫א‬    • KB  ‫א‬    B١ • ‫א‬ ‫א‬   M٢ ‫א‬  B٢ • K   

START  A

 A  B

M   A٢ M٢ B٢

(٣ ٧ ) 

    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

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 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

   ‫א‬   M١         ‫א‬ ‫א‬   SW١     M٢    M١  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  M٢ (١ )  ‫ א‬   M١    A  ‫ א‬   ‫ א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬   WWEE  : K ‫ א‬‫ א‬   (٣ ٨ )  ‫א‬  FOR  • K ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬  REV  • K ‫א‬ ‫א‬    K ‫א‬  STOP    •      ‫א‬    O.L  • STOP

FOR R٢

M   .L

REV F R 

(٣ ٨ )

    ‫א‬ W ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  W

  ‫א‬  F١   F٢  , F١   F ‫א‬   FOR     ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬     F   F  ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬

W ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  W

   F ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬ STOP ‫א‬   ‫ א‬  J ١ K     F٢ R 



REV

      ‫א‬    R ٢  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  K ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ، R J٢ K  ‫א‬     ‫ א‬   ‫א‬    -

 

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

  W‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

‫א‬    J  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  

١   ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬    J ٢ ‫א‬   J ٣    ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫؟‬‫א‬‫א‬      ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ W‫א‬ ‫א‬        ‫א‬ ‫א‬ J ١     ‫א‬ ‫א‬ J ٢    ‫א‬ J ٣

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 ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬

 

ã¹] gè…‚jÖ]æ ËÖ] Üé×Ãj×Ö íÚ^ÃÖ] 퉉ö¹]

‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫אא‬   ‫אא‬                                                                                            

٤

 

 ‫א‬   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

  ‫א‬   W ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  W‫א‬ W ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬      ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬     W‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  W ‫א‬‫א‬  J    

٢

 

 ‫א‬   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

PLC Programming    ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬ 

‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬      ‫א‬    ‫א‬    W      W ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫ א‬J ١

‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫ א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬              ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬       ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬ W   ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬    J ٢

‫א‬      ‫א‬    ‫א‬  J    ‫א‬   ‫א‬    J       ‫א‬     ‫א‬  ‫ א‬  ( S١ , S٢ , ……… Q١ , Q٢ ,……. )  (٤ ١ )    ( PLC )  ‫ א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬      J    ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬   ‫ א‬    ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬ S١   S٢  

 ‫ א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬ I٠ {١   I١     I٠ {٢   I٢    

 

PLC

   K ١  



  Q١    O٢   Q٢   

   K ٢    (٤ ١ )

 ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫ א‬  W ‫ א‬J ٣

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫ א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬     ‫א‬  ‫א‬  W  ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

٣

 

 ‫א‬   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

 ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬ WLAD  ‫א‬  ‫א‬   K ‫א‬ ‫א‬      ‫א‬     ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬ WCSF  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬   K     FLOWCHART ‫א‬ ‫א‬   K     ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ W STL ‫א‬    ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬  ‫א‬  ‫(א‬ LAD ) LADDER ‫א‬‫א‬      ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬     ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬            K E ?? ‫א‬   ‫א‬   F   ‫א‬  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬      ‫א‬   ‫א‬   - 

 

‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬      ‫א‬    ‫ א‬E F   ‫א‬    “LAD” ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬   ‫א‬    ‫א‬   

    ‫א‬      

      ٢



 ٣

(٤ ١ )

 K‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬     ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

٤

 

 ‫א‬   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

LAD ‫ א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬    

‫א‬    J ١  S٢   , S١ ‫א‬   ‫א‬     (٤ ٢ ) ‫א‬    (

  I 



)

٤ ٣   ‫ א‬ 

LAD

‫א‬    S 





(٤ ٣ )

   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ (٤ ٢ )

L

 

(٤ ٢ )

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

‫א‬   Q١   L ‫א‬    I١ , I٢   S١ , S٢ ‫א‬    

    ‫א‬   (٤ ٤ )   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬K‫א‬    ‫א‬   J ٢‫א‬ Q١ ‫ א‬  ‫ א‬      ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  W‫א‬    :‫ א‬  PLC  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ I١   S١   I٢   S٢   I٣   S٣   Q١  Q١   

-

٥

-

 

 ‫א‬   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

(٤ ٥ ) I 

   LAD ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 













(٤ ٥ )

    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ (٤ ٤ ) Q 

 

(٤ ٤ )

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

(٤

‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ S١    S٢   S٣   S٤    K ١   

٦ )   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

٣

‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  W‫א‬   :‫ א‬  PLC  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ I١   I٢   I٣   I٤   Q١

-

٦

-

 

 ‫א‬   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

(٤ ٧ )

   LAD ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

















(٤ ٧ )

      ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ (٤ ٦ )





(٤ ٦ )

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

CONTROL SYSTEM FLOW CHART ( CSF )

 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  J ٤

 ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬       ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬    (٤ ٨ )  I 

&  









>= 

 AND

FOR

  Q 



 

 

 

-

٧

-

 

 ‫א‬   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

(٤ ٨ )

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ( CSF ) ‫ א‬‫ א‬ ‫ א‬  ‫ א‬  

(٤ ٩ )

 ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ א‬ J ١  

‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ S١   S٢    H١   

 ‫א‬ :‫ א‬  PLC  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ I١   I٢   Q١ (٤ ١٠ )

   ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  

S  S٢



Q  S 

 

 AND

(٤ ١٠ )

   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ (٤ ٩ )





(٤ ٩ )

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

-

٨

-

 

 ‫א‬   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ א‬ J ٢  ‫א‬ :‫ א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ PLC  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ I١   S١   I٢   S٢   I٣   S٣   Q١  K ١    (٤ ١١ )

(٤ ١٢ )

   ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  

I  I٢ I٣

>= 

Q  S 





OR

 

(٤ ١٢ )

   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ (٤ ١١ )

 K 

(٤ ١١ )

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

-

٩

-

 

 ‫א‬   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

١٣ )  ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

(٤

J ٣  

 ‫א‬ :‫ א‬  PLC  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   S١   S٢   S٣   S٤    S٥   

I١   I٢   I٣   I٤   I٥  

  PLC   ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬    K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ א‬    (٤ ١٤ )    ‫ א‬‫ א‬ ‫א‬   I 

&



I٢ Q٢

I٤ I٥

 

>= 











(٤ ١٤ )

   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ (٤ ١٣ )







(٤ ١٣ )

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬

 

-

 

-

 

 ‫א‬   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

(٤

١٥ )

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

٤  

 ‫א‬ :‫ א‬ 

‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   S١   S٢   K ١   

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬

 

PLC

I١   I٢  

Q١ (٤ ١٦ )

   ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  



&



  >= 





I٢ I 

 



& (٤ ١٦ )

   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ (٤ ١٥ )



(٤ ١٥ )

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

-

 

-

 

 ‫א‬   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

(٤

١٦ )    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

٤  

 ‫א‬ :‫ א‬ 

‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   S١    S٢   S٣  

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬

 

PLC

I١   I٢   I٣  

 

  PLC   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬    K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫ א‬    (٤ ١٧ )    ‫ א‬‫ א‬ ‫א‬   I  I٢

&  





 

Q



 

 







(٤ ١٧ )

   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ (٤ ١٦ )





(٤ ١٦ )



  ‫א‬ ‫א‬

 

-

٢

-

 

 ‫א‬   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

CSF

 (٤

١٨ )

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

٥

  I٣











(٤ ١٨ )



 

(٤ ١٩ )

  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  

I  I٢

>= 

&  

,_  I٣ I٤

>= 

 ==



(٤ ١٩ )

   STATEMENT LIST METHOD (STL) ‫ א‬  ‫ א‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬   ‫ אא‬  ٤           ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬            ‫א‬ K    ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬         ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬       ‫א‬     ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬   K  

-

٣

-

 

 ‫א‬   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

STL

‫א‬ ‫א‬   (٤ ٢ )   ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬

AND

A

 ‫א‬‫א‬ O  NOT ‫ א‬    N AND ‫ א‬‫ א‬ ‫ א‬    AN  ‫א‬  XOR ‫א‬   XO K    = ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  E E   F   E   F ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  F BE K   (٤ ٢ )  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   STL  ‫ א‬  ‫ א‬   OR 

STL   ‫ א‬  

(٤ ٢٠ )

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬









STL

 ‫א‬  ‫א‬ S 





 

 

E F





E F EF

(٤ ٢٠ )

 

 

-

٤

-

 

 ‫א‬   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

 ‫א‬  

E F W  :‫ א‬  PLC  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   S١   S٢   K ١    (٤ ٣ )

٠ ‫א‬ ١ ٢ ٣

I١   I٢   Q١

    ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬   A

‫א‬ I١ ‫א‬ I٢

A



= BE

‫א‬ ‫א‬  (٤ ٣ )   (٤ ٢٠ )  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

 

EF  W :‫ א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   S١   S٢   K ١    ‫א‬ ٠ ١ ٢

(٤ ٤ )

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬

PLC

I١   I٢  



       ‫א‬ A O =

‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ I١ I٢



-

٥

-

 

 ‫א‬   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

٣

 (٤ ٢٠ )  ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬  (٤ ٤ )  ‫א‬  E F  W :‫ א‬  PLC  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   S١   S٢   K ١    (٤ ٥ )

‫א‬ ٠ ١

I١   I٢  



     

‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

 ‫א‬

‫א‬  ‫א‬

AN



O(

 

A

AN

٢ ٣

 

BE

 (٤ ٢٠ )  ‫א‬ ‫א‬





A



)

 

= BE



 

‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬  (٤ ٥ ) 

-

٦

-

 

 ‫א‬   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

  

W ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬J ١    

















S٦ S٧













K  K٤



(٤ ٢٢ )



(٤ ٢١ )



  S 



K  





K ٣









S٤ S٦

 

(٤ ٢٤ )







‫ن‬





(٤ ٢٣ )



-

٧

-

 

 ‫א‬   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

 

‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬J ٢ W‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬     







I٢ I٣ I٣ Q 



(٤ ٢٦ )



(٤ ٢٥ )





  I 



















I٤ I٦









  (٤ ٢٨ )



(٤ ٢٧ )



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٨

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 ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬

 

ã¹] gè…‚jÖ]æ ËÖ] Üé×Ãj×Ö íÚ^ÃÖ] 퉉ö¹]

‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

 ‫א‬ 

    ‫אא‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬                                                      

٥

 

 ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫ א‬   

 

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬   W ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬    

‫א‬    ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬  ‫א‬  W‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ W       ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬ K١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ K٢ ‫ א‬K٣ ‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬K٤

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬ K٥ K‫ א‬K٦    W‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  W ‫א‬‫א‬  J    

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٩

-

 

 ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫ א‬   

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬  KK‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ( M ) MARKER   FLAGS ( F )

‫א‬ ‫א‬ J ٥

     ‫א‬    ‫ א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬     PLC ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ،    ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬     ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬     ‫ א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ،  CPU ‫א‬ ‫א‬      ‫א‬   ( FLAGS )  ‫א‬   ‫א‬      ،    ‫א‬   FLAGS  ‫ א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ K ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬ F ٠{٧  F ٠ {٠   F  ‫ א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  K ( M )   ‫א‬   (٥ ١ )    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬       ١  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ S 







‫א‬ I١































K ١







 

(٥ ١ )



-

 

-

 

 ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫ א‬   

 

‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   K      ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬    F ٠ {٠  ‫א‬‫א‬  F  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬ M١  ‫ א‬‫ א‬ M ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬ F  ‫ א‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬  ‫ אא‬   W  (٥ ٢ )    ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬W ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬J ١ I 











F  ٫

F  ٫

F  ٫

F  ٫٢

F  ٫٣

F  ٫

F  ٫٢

F  ٫٣

 



(٥ ٢ )



  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ (٥ ١ ) 

A



A



=

F ٫

A



A



=

F ٫

A

IS

A



=

F ٫٢

O

F ٫

O

F ٫٢

=

F ٫٣

A

F ٫٣

AN



=

Q

BE

  (٥ ١ )

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  (٥ ١ )   

‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬   (٥ ١ )  W‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  J ٢ ‫א‬ 

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 ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫ א‬   

 

 

:

(٥ ٣ )

   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬W ‫א‬ ‫ א‬J ١





























 





(٥ ٣ )

 (٥   ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ١)

 ‫ א‬  ‫ אא‬   W M  ‫ א‬  ‫א‬ I  I٢ M  I٣ I٤ M٢ IS I٦ M٣ M  M٢ M٣ M٤ M٤ I٧ Q 

A A = A A = A A = A O O = A AN = BE (٥ ٢ )

 

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  (٥ ١ )

    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  J ٢ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬   (٥ ٢ )  W‫א‬   

‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬W(٥ ٢ )   (٥ ٤ )  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

 ‫א‬

  ‫א‬  ، M ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   F ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬    W  ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬  

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٢

-

 

 ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫ א‬   

 

 

‫א‬  S١



















K ١





 

(٥ ٤ )





F

(٥ ٢ )

 ‫א‬W ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫ א‬  ‫אא‬  ‫ א‬  ‫א‬JW ١    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

 

I  I٢

A AN = AN A = A A = AN

(٥ ٥ )



  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ (٥ ٤ )   

F ٫ I  I٢ F ٫ I٣ IS F ٫٢ I٤ F I٦٫٣ F ٫ F ٫ F ٫٤ F ٫٢ F ٫٣ F ٫٥ F ٫٤  ٣ F ٫٥

A = A O = A O = A O A = BE

٣

(٥ ٣ )

   ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬ (٥ ٤ )

-

٣

-

 

 ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫ א‬   

 

‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬   (٥ ٣ )  W‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ J ٢ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ (٥ ٦)  WCSF ‫א‬ ‫א‬J ٣  

(٥ ٦ )

 (٥ ٤ )  ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬‫ א‬ ‫א‬  

:

 ‫ א‬  ‫ אא‬   W M  ‫ א‬  ‫א‬

   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬W ‫א‬ ‫א‬J ١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬   (٥ ٤ )  W‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ J ٢ ‫א‬  (٥ ٧ )

-

٤

-

 

 ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫ א‬   

 

‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ (٥ ٨ )  WCSF ‫א‬ ‫ א‬J  

 

(٥ ٧ )

 (٥      ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ٤)

A



AN



=



AN



A



=



A



A



=



AN



A



=



A



O



=



A



O



=



A O

M٥ Q٣

A



=



 

BE (٥ ٤ )

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  (٥ ٤ )   

-

٥

-

 

 ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫ א‬   

 

 

(٥ ٨ )

   (٥ ٤ )  ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬‫ א‬ ‫א‬  

-

٦

-

 

 ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫ א‬   

 

( SET/RESET ‫א‬ )  ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬

٥

    ‫א‬    E (٥ ٩ )  F SR  ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  SET ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬    Q     ‫א‬ ‫א‬           ‫א‬     ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬     RESET ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ،    ON   ‫א‬‫א‬     ‫א‬        K RESET     ON

 

(٥ ٩ )

 ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

(٥ ١٠ )

 (Latch Circuit) ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬  

 ، (٥ ١٠ )  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫ א‬      ‫א‬  SET    ON    ‫א‬  K ١ ‫א‬   S١   ‫א‬ RESET    ‫ א‬  S٢ W   ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬  S١







K ١



 

 

-

٧

-

 

 ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫ א‬   

 

CSF

 ‫ אא‬  ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬ F CSF  ١ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  (٥ ١١ )   

(٥ ١١ )

(٥ ١٢ )

 ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  LAD  ‫ א‬  

 CSF ‫ א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

 ‫ א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬   ٢   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  (٥ ١٢ )  LAD

‫ א‬  ‫ א‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬   ٣ ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬  (٥ ٥ )  ‫א‬  STL

A



S



A



R  BE



 

(٥ ٥ )

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬    TIMERS

‫א‬

٥

 E ‫א‬   F ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬     ‫א‬     ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬     “TIME DELAY ON”  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  “TIME DELAY OFF”

-

٨

-

 

 ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫ א‬   

 

‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬        ‫א‬    ،   K‫ א‬KKK           ‫א‬        ‫א‬ PLC

‫א‬   ‫א‬       ‫א‬         ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ K        ‫א‬  ‫א‬   K (٥ ١٣ )          ‫א‬ ‫א‬   Q   S, R      ‫ א‬     ‫א‬    ‫א‬      S ‫א‬  “  ” ‫ א‬ “  ” ‫א‬ (٥   “١ ” ‫ א‬ “٠ ” ‫ א‬      ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬   R  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ ١٤ ) R , S ‫ א‬        

(٥ ١٣ )

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬

(٥ ١٤ )

S, R

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ 

   ،       ‫א‬      ‫א‬   KW     ‫א‬ ‫א‬    (٥ ١٥ )   K ‫א‬     S ‫א‬ K ‫א‬   R ‫א‬ ‫א‬       ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  TV ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ K  ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ T١   (٥   ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬  ‫ א‬   ‫ א‬  ‫ א‬  

K١ K٢ K٣ K٤ K٥ K٦

‫א‬   ١٦ )  ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬    K    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ Q ‫ א‬K٧

-

٩

-

 

 ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫ א‬   

 

 ‫א‬   ‫א‬   B١  , DE ‫ א‬K٨

 

(٥ ١٥ )

      ‫א‬ ‫א‬

(٥ ١٦ )

 ‫א‬    ‫א‬    ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬   ‫ א‬

Pulse Timer

٥

 ?“١ ”  “٠ ”  ‫ א‬   (٥ ١٧ )  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬     (٥ ١٨ )  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   R   “١ ”  “٠ ”  ‫ א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬  K ‫א‬  ‫ א‬ 

 

(٥ ١٧ )

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬

(٥ ١٨ )

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬    (٥ ٦ )    ‫ א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   I 

A L KT ٥ ٫٢

 

SP



A





T  (٥ ٦ )

  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬

-

 

-

 

 ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫ א‬   

 

 ‫ א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬    “٠ ”   ‫א‬  “S” ‫ א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬     

٥

Extended Pulse Timer

(٥ ١٩ )     ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬              ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬      (٥ ٢٠ )       ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬    (٥ ٧ )    

 

(٥ ٢٠ )

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

(٥ ١٩ )

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

  I 

A L KT ٥ ٫٢

 

SE



A







(٥ ٧ )

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫ א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ٥  ‫ א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  (٥ ٢١ )        S ‫א‬  ‫ א‬   ‫א‬       ‫ א‬ (٥      ‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬    ، (٥ ٢٢ )    R ‫א‬  Delay On Timer

٨)

 

-

 

-

 

 ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫ א‬   

 

 

 

(٥ ٢٢ )

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ 

(٥ ٢١ )

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  I 

A L KT ٥ ٫٢

 

SD



A







(٥ ٨ )

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫ א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬          R  ‫א‬       ‫ א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬   Latched On Delay

٥

S ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬                          ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  (٥ ٢٣ )    K‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   (٥ ٩)  K‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ (٥ ٢٤ ) ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  KK‫א‬  S

-

٢

-

 

 ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫ א‬   

 

   

(٥ ٢٤ )

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

(٥ ٢٣ )

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

  I 

A L KT ٥ ٫٢

 

SS



A







(٥ ٩ )

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫ א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬   ٥ ‫א‬   Q     (٥٢٥ )   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬        “S” ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  “١ ”  “٠ ”  “S” ‫א‬    ‫א‬  DELAY OFF

  R     ‫א‬  ،  ‫ א‬  ‫ א‬     ‫ א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬   (٥ ١٠ ) K(٥ ٢٦ )    ‫א‬     ‫א‬  

 

(٥ ٢٥ )

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

(٥ ٢٦ )

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬

-

٣

-

 

 ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫ א‬   

 

  I 

A L KT ٥ ٫٢

 

SF A

T٥ I٢





(٥ ١٠ )

   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬ COUNTERS

‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

٥

‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬            ‫א‬    ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ W   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬،  ‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫אא‬      K ،     ‫ אא‬     ١ K ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬   :( CU )  ‫ אא‬     ٢ K ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬   ( CD )  ‫א‬‫א‬    (٥ ٢٧ )   ‫א‬      ‫א‬‫א‬    W   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬     

(٥ ٢٧ )

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   CU  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫ א‬  ١ ‫א‬                   ‫א‬      ‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬  ٩ ٩ ‫א‬       ‫א‬    

K RESET ‫א‬ -

٤

-

 

 ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫ א‬   

 

‫ אא‬ ٢   ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫ א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬  CD  K “R” ‫א‬        ‫ א‬   ‫א‬

  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  

CV

“S”

‫ אא‬ K  ٣ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫ אא‬ ٤ K ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  “R”  ‫ אא‬ ٥ K  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  CV  ‫ אא‬ ٦ K ‫א‬   Q 

 ‫ א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬  ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ ٥ (٥      ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬‫ א‬  ‫ א‬‫א‬  ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬  (٥ ٢٨ )   CD

‫א‬ ‫א‬  ٢٩ ) K‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬   (٥ ١١ )  K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬   A CD  NOP L KC ٧ S  NOP  NOP  NOP

  (٥ ٢٨ )

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

I  C 

    C 

      C   Q

A = BE (٥ ١١ )

 

   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   

-

٥

-

 

 ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫ א‬   

 

  (

)

٢٩ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ٥‫א‬  

 ‫ א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬  ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ ٥     ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  (٥ ٣٠ )  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   (٥ ١٢ )  K‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬   K‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬  (٥ ٣١ ) CU

 

 

(٥ ٣٠ )

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

A



CU  NOP  NOP  NOP A R   NOP  NOP A =



BE

     

I٢ C٢

    C٢ Q٢

 

-

٦

-

 

 ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫ א‬   

 

 

(٥ ١٢ )

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬

(٥ ٣١ )

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  Comparators

W ‫א‬

٥

‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  PLCS         ‫א‬     PLCS ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ،                  ‫א‬            ?  ‫א‬       ‫א‬                       ،  K        ‫א‬    ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  W    ‫ א‬   ‫א‬ = >    ‫א‬ <   ‫א‬ =>     ‫א‬ =<     ‫א‬

-

٧

-

 

 ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫ א‬   

 

‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  PLC      ( EQ )  W ‫א‬     ><

( GE )

‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ،  ( GE , E G )    ‫א‬      ‫א‬    ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ،  ‫א‬    ،   ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬      ‫א‬ ‫א‬    PLC  ‫א‬  K ‫א‬  PLC THE JUMP RUNCTION

W ‫א‬ 

٥

  ‫א‬    ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   W  ‫א‬      ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ J  ‫ א‬ ١  

 NON CONDILIONAL JUMP

‫א‬ ‫א‬  JUMP TO SUBROUTINE ‫ א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  CONDITONAL JUMP

J ٢ J ٣  

JS  ‫ א‬   ‫ אא‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬         ‫א‬  ‫א‬   (

)

٥

‫א‬    K   ‫ א‬         W   Q ٢‫ א‬        ،  ٥     ٣٢   JS  ‫א‬    I٢ ‫א‬

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٨

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 ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫ א‬   

 

(٥ ٣٢ )

    ‫א‬  ‫א‬  

‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬   ٥ W JC  (٥   ،  ‫א‬    ‫א‬    ‫א‬   ‫ א‬      I١  ١      ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ٣٣ ) K    I١   

(٥ ٣٣ )

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬

E  ‫אא‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ F  ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬   ٥ ‫א‬           ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ‫א‬      ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬    K    (٥ ٣٤ )  ،    

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 ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫ א‬   

 

(٥ ٣٣ )

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬

 

 

‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   I٣     ( RET)  ‫ א‬  ‫ א‬  ‫ א‬    ٦

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 ‫ א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫ א‬   

 

  W‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

     ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ? ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ? ٠ ? ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ 

K  K K K

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬     ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ? ?  J   W  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  J ‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬   J  ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ? ?  J  W ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  J   ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬    J  ‫א‬   J   ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  J

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 ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬

 

ã¹] gè…‚jÖ]æ ËÖ] Üé×Ãj×Ö íÚ^ÃÖ] 퉉ö¹]

‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

                                                                  

٦

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

  

‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬       ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬   

‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬         ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬     ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ،    K   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬         ‫א‬ W ‫א‬        ‫א‬

٦

‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬     (٦ ١ )   S٢ ‫ א‬   ‫ א‬    M ‫ א‬    ‫ א‬‫ א‬   ،  ‫א‬   ،  S١     ‫א‬   ‫ א‬      ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬    K ١ E   F ‫ א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ K ‫א‬   ‫א‬  F  

‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  

‫א‬ ‫א‬ (٦ ١ )



‫א‬      ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬

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 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

 ‫ א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬      ‫א‬  

W ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ I F    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ I٢ S١  ‫ א‬   I٣ S٢  ‫ א‬   Q  K ١ E  F ‫ א‬   W   ‫א‬     ‫א‬  ‫א‬          ‫א‬  ‫א‬          ‫א‬    ‫א‬   ‫א‬  K          ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬ K    ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬      W ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬    IN ٠ {١ , IN ٠ {٢ ,-

  I ٠ {١  , I ٠ {٢  .-

   O٣ {١ , O٣ {٢ , O٣ {٣ . Q٣ {١ , Q٣ {٢ , Q٣ {٣   M٠ {٠ , M٠ {١   F ٠ {٠ , F ٠ {١ , -

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬    IN١ , IN٢ , IN٣ Q١ , Q٢ , Q٣

  I١ , I٢ , I٣ . -

   O١ , O٢ , O٣ . -

M١ , M٢ , M٣

  F١ , F٢ , F٣ .

 

  ‫א‬‫א‬

(S١ , S٢ , S٣ , )

‫א‬

(K ١ , K ٢ , K ٣ , .)

‫א‬ ‫א‬

 

 ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬       K ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬

-

٢

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

  ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  (٦ ٢ )    ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬  (٦ ٣ )    ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬ (٦ ١ ) 

(٦ ٢ )

 ‫א‬      ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

(٦ ٣ )

 ‫א‬      ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ AN



AN



A(

 

A



O

Q   

=



-

٣

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

BE

  (٦ ١ )

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬      ‫א‬‫א‬ 

W      ‫א‬   

٦

        ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫ א‬   K S١  , S٢    S٣, S٤     ،      ‫א‬    ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  (٦ ٤ )   (CSF) ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬   (LAD) ‫א‬  ‫א‬  (٦ ٦ )  (٦ ٥ )    K(STL) ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬   (٦ ٢ )  K‫א‬  

-

٤

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬

 

(٦ ٤ )

    ‫א‬      ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

‫ אא‬   

‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ F   I S١ ‫ א‬    I٢ S٢ S٣

    ‫אא‬    

I٣ I٤



‫א‬    -

٥

I٥ -

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

K ١

E  F ‫א‬  



 

(٦ ٥ )

      ‫א‬      ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

(٦ ٦ )

    ‫א‬      ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-

٦

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

  AN



AN



AN



A(

 

O



O



O



)

 

=



BE

  (٦ ٢ )

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬      ‫א‬  W ‫א‬    

٦

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬          ‫א‬           ،       ‫א‬    ،  ‫א‬   W  ‫א‬  ‫א‬ E  F  ‫א‬  J ١ E  F   ‫א‬  J ٢  ‫ א‬   ٦   ،   ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  (٦ ٧ )  W   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ K ‫א‬  ‫א‬  K ١ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  S٢ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  K١ K ‫א‬  ‫א‬  ‫א‬   S١ ‫א‬  ‫א‬    K٢ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   (CSF)‫ א‬  ‫א‬    K  ‫א‬

K ٢  



‫א‬    ‫אא‬    K٣ (٦  ‫א‬  (٦ ٩ ) ٨ )      ‫א‬ 

(LAD)

K(STL) ‫א‬ ‫א‬   (٦ ٣ )  K‫א‬ -

٧

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  

(٦ ٧ )

  ‫א‬      ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ אא‬   

‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ F   I  S١    I٢ S٢ ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬     I٣ S٣ ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬     I٤ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   K ٢ ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬  ‫ א‬  

K ١

Q  Q٢

-

٨

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

 

(٦ ٨ )

  ‫א‬      ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

(٦ ٩ )

  ‫א‬      ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬

-

٩

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

  AN



AN



A(

 

O



O

Q   

AN



=



AN



AN



A(

 

O



O

Q٢  

AN



=



BE

  (٦ ٣ )

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬      ‫א‬   

   ‫ א‬      ٦  ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  (٦ ١٠ )    S٢   , S٣ ‫ א‬  (٦ ٧ )    (٦ ١٠ )    ،   ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬     NC       ‫א‬   ‫א‬   K ١ ‫א‬    S٢  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   S٣ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬  

-

 

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

   ‫א‬   K ١   ‫א‬   ‫א‬       ‫א‬ K ‫א‬  ‫א‬  K ٢ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ (٦ ١٢ )  (٦ ١١ )    ‫א‬  (CSF) ‫א‬‫א‬  ‫א‬   (LAD) ‫א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬   (٦ ٤ )  K‫א‬ K(STL) ‫א‬ 

 

‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬

(٦ ١٠ )

   ‫א‬      ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

-

 

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

‫ אא‬   

‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ F   S١    S٢ ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬     S٣ ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬        K ١ ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬  ‫ א‬   K ٢

‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  

‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ I  I٢ I٣ I٤ Q  Q٢

 

(٦ ١١ )

   ‫א‬      ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

-

٢

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

  (٦ ١٢ )

   ‫א‬      ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬  

-

٣

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

  AN AN

I  I٢

AN A( O O ) AN = AN AN AN A(

I٤   I٣ Q    Q٢ Q  I  I٢ I٣  

O O ) AN = BE

I٤ Q٢   Q  Q٢  

(٦ ٤ )

‫ج‬   ‫א‬      ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

W ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬    

٦

‫א‬           ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬    ‫א‬‫א‬         ‫א‬     K  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ٪ ٨ ٠  ‫א‬      ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  (٦ ١٣ )   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ K‫א‬ ‫א‬ (٦ ١٤ )    ،   ‫א‬  K ١ ‫א‬   S٢  ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬  ‫א‬  R ٢   , R ١ ‫ א‬     ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬                          ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   T١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ،  ‫א‬  

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  R ٢ ‫א‬  M٣ ‫א‬   T١ K   -

٤

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

‫א‬ ‫א‬  T٢ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   M٣   ‫א‬  T١ ‫א‬        ،   ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  R ١ ‫א‬  M٢ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ T٢  ,،،K    ‫א‬  ‫א‬   M٢ K  ‫א א‬       ‫א‬  ٣  , T١ ‫א‬     ‫א‬  ‫א‬    ‫א‬ 

 

(٦ ١٣ )

   ‫א‬ ‫א‬      ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  

(٦ ١٤ )

   ‫א‬   ‫א‬      ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   (٦ ٥ )  K  (LAD) ‫א‬  ‫א‬  (٦ ١٥ )      ‫א‬ 

K(STL) -

٥

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

‫ אא‬   

‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ F   S١    S٢     K ١ ‫ א‬   K ١ (R ١ ) ‫ א‬   K ٢ (R ٢ )

‫א‬   T١ , T٢   ‫א‬

(٦ ١٥ )

‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ I  I٢ I٣ Q  Q  Q٢ T  , T٢



  ‫א‬ ‫א‬      ‫א‬ ‫א‬  

-

٦

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

  AN AN

I  I٢

= A( O(   A   AN   AN

M      I٣ Q٢ Q٣   Q  Q  M 

O = A

Q  Q٢ T  (٥ ) M    T  Q٣   Q٢ Q٣ M  Q٣ T٢ (٥ ) M    T٢ Q٢   Q٢  

A AN = A A( O   O AN = A A = A A(   O   O = BE (٦ ٥ )

 

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬     ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ -

٧

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

W L   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ 

٦

  ‫א‬   ‫א‬      L        ‫א‬    ‫ א‬ ‫א‬         ‫א‬  ‫א‬ (٦ ١٧ ) ‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬‫א‬  (٦ ١٦ ) ‫א‬ K  L   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  W   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   W ‫א‬   K ٣ ‫א‬   S٢ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   K١ T١ ‫ א‬ ‫ א‬   •  ‫א‬   K ١ ‫א‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬  •   ‫א‬    R ٢    T١ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   K٢ K ‫ א‬       

(٦ ١٦ )



 L   ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ -

٨

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

 

(٦ ١٧ )

  L   ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   (٦ ٥ )  K  (LAD) ‫א‬  ‫א‬  (٦ ١٥ )    ‫א‬  K(STL) ‫ אא‬   

‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ F   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ S١    S٢    K١  ‫ א‬   K٢  ‫ א‬   K

٢ ‫א‬   T١ ‫א‬

‫א‬   ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ I  I٢ I٣ Q  Q  Q٢ T 

  -

٩

-

 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

 

(٦ ١٧ ) 

 L   ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ AN AN =

I  I٢ M 

O O = A A = A A AN A A

I٣ Q  M٢ M  M٢ Q٣ M  M٢ Q٢ M  Q٣

AN AN = O O(  A A = A AN

T  Q٢ Q  Q٢   Q٣ T    M٣ M٣ Q 

= BE

Q  ٢

 L   ‫א‬ ‫ א‬   ‫א‬‫א‬‫א‬ (٦ ٦ ) 

 L                (  )  -

 

-

 

‫א‬   ‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

    • 

Programmable Logic Controllers, J. W. Wabb and R. A. Reis, ٩ ٩ ٤  

• 

Programmable Logic Controllers, C.Simpson, ٩ ٩ ٣  

• 

Programmable Logic Controllers and their Engineering Applicatios, A. Crispin, ٩ ٩

• 

The PLC workbook, Clement Jewery, ٩٩ ٣  

K  ‫א‬  –          •

-

 

-

 

‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

 

‫א‬‫א‬  W‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  J ١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  J ١

   

 ‫ א‬      ‫א‬ ‫ אא‬  ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬     ‫ א‬      ‫ אא‬  ‫ א‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬  

١ ١

  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  J ١

   

  ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬    ‫אא‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬   ‫ א‬    ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬   

١ ١

   

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫ א‬W ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  J ٢

  ٣  ٥  ٦  ٦  ٧  ٨  ٩    ٧ 

?  ‫אא‬‫אא‬‫אא‬  ?  ‫אא‬‫אא‬‫אא‬ ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬   ‫ א‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬     ‫אא‬‫אא‬

٢ ٢ ٢

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  J ٢

 ?  ‫אא‬‫א‬ ‫א‬‫אא‬‫אא‬    ?  ‫אא‬‫אא‬‫אא‬ ‫ אא‬   ‫אא‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫אא‬‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫אא‬‫אא‬ 

٢ ٢ ٢ ٢ ٢

‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬  J ٢  

 

‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

      ٣  ٥  ٥  ٥  ٦  ٦   

  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  W ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬

‫א‬

‫א‬

٣

       J  ‫א‬    ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬  J ٢ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬  J ٣

 ‫ א‬   ‫א‬ ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬   ‫ אא‬     ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬   ‫ א‬  

٣ ٣ ٣

 ‫א‬  J J ٣  ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬    J ٣  

٢ 

‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   W ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬

٣ 

‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫ א‬J ٤  ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬  J ٤ ‫א‬‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬  J ٤ 

٦  ٢  ٦  ٩  ٩  ٦  ٧ 

 ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫ א‬W ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬ J ٥ ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬ J ٥  ‫א‬  J ٥

 

‫א‬ ‫א‬‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫אא‬   ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬

٥ ٥

   

‫אאא‬‫א‬   ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬   ‫א‬ ‫אא‬ 

٥٥

٩ 

‫אא‬ ‫ א‬   

٢ 

٥

 

‫א‬

  ٣١ ‫א‬ ‫א‬ 

‫א‬   ‫א‬   

 

٣  ٤ 

‫ אא‬  ‫א‬   ‫ א‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬  ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬ ‫ א‬

٥  ٦ 

  ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬  ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬ ‫ א‬

٦  ٧  ٧  ٨ 

  ٣  ٥  ٥  ٨  ٢  ٦  ٩ 

٥ ٥

 ‫ א‬J ٥  ‫א‬  J ٥

 ‫ א‬   ‫ אא‬   ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬   ‫ א‬   ‫ אא‬  ‫א‬   ‫ א‬  ‫א‬  ‫ א‬  

٩   

‫א‬‫א‬‫ א‬J ٥

٥ ٥ ٥

 

   W ‫א‬ ‫א‬ ‫ א‬       ‫א‬     ‫ א‬J ٦      ‫א‬    J ٦ ‫א‬     J ٦

 ‫ א‬       ‫ א‬     

٦ ٦

‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬    ‫א‬    J ٦  L     ‫א‬  ‫א‬  J ٦ ‫א‬   ‫א‬

 

 

‫ א‬  ‫א‬  ‫אא‬   ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬  ‫א‬ ‫א‬   ‫אא‬  ‫ א‬  ‫ אא‬E  ‫אא‬F       ‫א‬  ‫אא‬ GOTEVOT appreciates the financial support provided by BAE SYSTEMS

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