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Republic of Republic of the Philippines SUPREME COURT Manila EN BANC A.M. No. 13-04-03 13-04-03-SC -SC

December 10, 2013

RE: NOMINATION OF NOMINATION OF ATTY. YNDA C!A"UIE, I#P IFU"AO PRESIDENT, AS REPACEMENT FOR I#P "O$ERNOR FOR NORT!ERN U%ON, DENIS #. !A#A&E '---------------' A.M. No. 13-0(-0)-SC RE: AE"ED NUITY AE"ED NUITY OF T!E EECTION OF I#P SOUT!ERN U%ON "O$ERNOR $ICENTE M. *OYAS AS I#P E+ECUTI$E $ICE PRESIDENT FOR 2011-2013 '---------------' A.M. No. 13-0-11-SC  RES/UEST OF T!E NATIONA SECRETARY OF T!E I#P RE PROPOSED OAT! TAIN" RE: ETTER  RES/UEST #EFORE T!E SUPREME COURT OF T!E EECTED I#P RE"IONA "O$ERNORS AND "O$ERNORS AND T!E E+ECUTI$E $ICE PRESIDENT FOR T!E TERM 2013 TO 201( RESOUT ION EONEN, J.: EONEN,  J.: I75er65e; #6r  #6r o= 5e P9<<7e T  e5 67o5er co75ro8er 78o987 5e 9e6;er< o= 5e I75er65e; >I#P? 565 [email protected]; 68e bee7 reo98e; 65 5e I75er65e; #6r o= 5e P9<<7e 9e8e9 [email protected] B6 75e6; re=erre; 5o 5 67 6B6 <rec[email protected] re[email protected] 565 [email protected]; 68e bee7 be55er 6<<9e; 5o reo98e o5er co7=9c5 =or 5e <@b9c 75ere5. 75ere5. Te co7o9;65e; c6e 78o98e 5Bo A;m75r658e M655er. Te =r5 A;m75r658e M655er >A.M. No. 13-04-03-SC? 6roe =rom 6 Mo5o7 =9e; b A55 A55.. [email protected] #. Ub67o, I#P "o8er7or =or &e5er7 $66. A55. Ub67o [email protected]5 5o 7869;65e or 68e 5 [email protected] ;ec96re 6 ultra vires 5e vires 5e <or5o7 o= 5e M6rc 21, 2013 Re[email protected]o7 o= 5e I#P I #P #o6r; o= "o8er7or Bc 6<<ro8e; 5e 7om765o7 o= A55. 7;6 C6@9e 7;6 C6@9e 6 re<96ceme75 o= I#P "o8er7or =or "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7, De7 #. !6b6Be9. Te eco7; A;m75r658e M655er 6roe =rom 67o5er Mo5o7 =9e; b A55. A 55. Ub67o e9ec5o7 =or  =or I#P E'[email protected]8e $ce Pre;e75 >E$P? 67; Bo [email protected]5 5o [email protected]= 5e M6 22, 2013 e9ec5o7 re5r67 A55. $ce75e M. *o6 =rom ;c6r7 5e ;@5e o= I#P E$PAc57 Pre;e75. I7 6 Re[email protected]o7 ;65e; *@7e 1), 2013, 5 [email protected] co7o9;65e; 5e eco7; A;m75r658e M655er B5 5e =r5. A.M. No. 13-04-03-SC Te =r5 A;m75r658e M655er  67 7c;e75 6r7 =rom: >1? A.M. No. 0-(-2-SC (In the  Bar of the Philippines, Matter of the Brewing Controversies in the Election in the· Integrated  the·  Integrated  Bar  tt!. Marven B. "a#uilanea, "a#uilanea, Movan Movant$Intervenor% t$Intervenor% Presidents Presidents of IBP Chapter in &estern &estern 'isa!as egion, Intervenors% IBP Capi) Chapter, Intervenor*% 67; Intervenor*%  67; (+* .C. o. -++ (tt!s. Marcial M Magsino, Manuel M Mara/0a, and asser Maroho/salic v. tt!s. ogelio . 'inluan, 0elardo C. Estrada, Bonifacio 1. Barandon, Jr., Evergisto 2. Escalon, and a!/und Jorge . Mercado*.

 

O7 M6rc 2G, 2013, A55. [email protected] #. Ub67o, I#P "o8er7or =or &e5er7 $66, =9e; 6 Mo5o7 >Or769 Mo5o7? 7 re965o7 5o A.M. No. 0-(-2-SC 0-(-2-SC.. A55. Ub67o [email protected]5 5o 7869;65e or 68e 5 [email protected] ;ec96re 6 @95r6 8re 5e <or5o7 o= 5e M6rc 21, 2013 Re[email protected]o7 o= 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or Bc 6<<ro8e; 5e 7om765o7 o= A55. 7;6 C6@9e C6@9e 6  6 5e re<96ceme75 o= I#P 7o5e; 565  565 "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7, De7 #. !6b6Be9. I7 5 Or769 Mo5o7, A55. Ub67o 7o5e; o7 December 4, 2012, 5 [email protected] 6<<ro8e; 67 6me7;me75 5o Ar5c9e I, Sec5o7 4 o= 5e I#P #6B Bc co7;er 6 ipso facto re7e; facto re7e; =rom  or er <o5 67 o==c69 o= 5e I75er65e; #6r o= 5e P9<<7e Bo =9e 6 Cer5=c65e o= C67;;6c =or 67 e9ec58e <@b9c o==ce. o==ce. U7;er 5e 6me7;e; #-6B, 5e re765o7 56e e==ec5 o7 5e 56r57 ;65e o= 5e o==c69 c6m<67 1 A55. Ub67o 699ee; 565 5e I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7 @o7,, De7 #. !6b6Be9, =9e; <ero;.1 <ero;. 6 Cer5=c65e C67;;6c 5o (, [email protected] =or 5e <o5o7 "o8er7or o=2012, 5e Pro87ce o= [email protected]6o o7 or o= be=ore Oc5ober 2012, 67; 565 o7o= orPro87c69 be=ore December 21, I#P Pre;e75, Ro67 b6ro, =9e; 6 Cer5=c65e o= [email protected]5[email protected]o7 5o [email protected] 6 6 @b5[email protected] co7reo769 c67;;65e =or 5e Fr5 D5rc5 o= A@67 A @67 ;e9 Nor5e.2 Nor5e.2 A55. Ub67o [email protected]er 699ee; 565 H7 95 o= 5e m<e7;7 ipso facto re765o7 facto re765o7 o= Pre. b6ro o7 30 M6rc 2013,H3 2013,H3 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or 6ree; "o8er7or 6ree; 5o co75[email protected] 6 =8e >(?member E'[email protected]8e Comm55ee >E' Com? 5o H<re8e75 hiatus hiatus 7  7 5e 9e6;er< o= 5e I#P.H4 I#P.H 4 Te E'[email protected]8e Comm55ee B6 H56e; 5o 5em<or6r9 6;m75er 5e 6==6r o= 5e I#P B5[email protected] <re@;ce 5o 5e [email protected] o= 5e !o7or6b9e [email protected] re[email protected]o7 o= 5e <e7;7 7c;e75.H( 7c;e75.H ( A55. Ub67o 69o 699ee; 565 A55. !6b6Be9 !6 b6Be9 7om765e; A55. 7;6 C6@9e, I#P [email protected]6o C6<5er Pre;e75, 6  @cceor 5o 5e <o5o7 o= I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7. @o7. A55. Ub67o c96me; 565 A55. b6ro be67 H;c5657 5e 5e7or o= 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or Re[email protected]o7 [email protected] 5e cre65o7 o= E' ComHG ComH G 67;, B5[email protected] <ror ;e9ber65o7 67; 8o57, ;ec96re; 565 5e #o6r; o= "o8er7or 6<<ro8e; 5e @cceo7 o= A55. C6@9e 6 I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7. A55. Ub67o, 5oe5er B5 5Bo >2? o5er I#P "o8er7or, 699ee;9 obec5e;. !oBe8er, Be7 5e m655er B6 <@5 5o 6 8o5e, 5e o5er o8er7or, A55. !6b6Be9 [email protected];e;, ) 6<<ro8e; A55. C6@9e re<96ceme75 o= A55. !6b6Be9 6 I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7. @o7.) I7 5 Or769 Mo5o7, A55. Ub67o c699e7e; 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or 6<<ro869 o= A55. C6@9e @cceo7 6 I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7 o7 5Bo [email protected];: Fr5, 5ere B6, 6 e5, 7o 86c67c. A55. !6b6Be9 B6 me9= <ree75 65 5e mee57 Bere  re<96ceme75 B6 76me;. Tere B6, 5ere=ore, 7o 7ee; 5o 76me 6 re<96ceme75. re<96ceme75.  Seco7;, 5e r5 5o e9ec5 5e @cceor o= 6 re7e; I#P "o8er7or  8e5e;, 7o5 7 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or, [email protected] 7 5e ;e9e65e o= 5e co7cer7e; reo7J 5@, 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or 6<<ro869 o= 5e 7om7ee 5o @ccee; A55. !6b6Be9  @95r6 8re.10I7 @<<or5 o= 5 eco7; [email protected];, A55. Ub67o c5e; 5e 5r; <6r6r6< o= Sec5o7 44 o= 5e I#P #-6B: Sec. 44. Remo869 o= member. ' ' ' ' ' o==ce o=  o= "o8er7or =or B65e8er [email protected]e, 5e ;e9e65e =rom '' I7 c6e o= 67 86c67c 7 5e o==ce 5e reo7 699 b m6or5 8o5e, e9ec5 6 @cceor =rom 6mo7 5e member o= 5e C6<5er 5o Bc 5e re7e; o8er7or  6 member 5o er8e 6 o8er7or =or 5e @7e'<re; <or5o7 o= 5e 5erm.11 I7 5erm.11  I7 6 Re[email protected]o7 ;65e; A<r9 2, 2013, 5 [email protected] reo98e; 5o 5re65 5 Or769 Mo5o7 6 67 A;m75r658e M655er e<6r65e =rom A.M. No. 0-(-2-SC 67; A.C. No. )22. I5 B6 re;oce5e; 6 A.M. No. 13-04-03-SC. T [email protected] [email protected]re; 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or 5o =9e =9 e 5 Comme75. I7 5 Comme75, 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or 669e; 5e =r5 [email protected]; r6e; b A55. Ub67o b 67 565 5 B6 7o5 7ece6r =or 6 <o5o7 5o be 6b[email protected] 86c675 be=ore 6 @cceor m6 be 6<<o75e; or e9ec5e;.12 e9ec5e;. 12 A  A =or 5e eco7; [email protected];, 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or 6r@e; 565 5 6 bee7 5e H5r6;5o7H13 H5r6;5o7H 13 o=  o= 5e I75er65e; #6r o= 5e P9<<7e 565 HBere 5e @7e'<re; 5erm  o79 =or 6 8er or5 <ero; o= 5me, 5  @@699 5e #o6r; o= "o8er7or Bc 6<<o75 c6 re<96ceme75 or 67 o==cer 7 c6re 5o er8e 5e @7e'<re; 14 Te  Te I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or c5e; e8e7 >G? <rece;e75 655e57 5o 5 H5r6;5o7H: 5erm.H14 5erm.H 1. O7 *[email protected] 24, 1G, 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or [email protected][email protected]9 reo98e; 5o ;e765e *oe F. m, $ce Pre;e75 o= 5e I#P S6m6r C6<5er, 66c57 "o8er7or 67; e3$oficio e3$oficio $ce  $ce Pre;e75 =or E65er7 $66 7 8eB o= 5e 6be7ce o= "o8. *@67 ". F@ero6.H F@ero6.H1( 1( 2.O7 *@7e 1, 1)4, 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or 6<<ro8e; 5e re<96ceme75 o= 5Bo >2? o8er7or Bo re7e; 5o [email protected] 7 5e #65667 P6mb676 e9ec5o7:

 

6. Te Pre;e75 o= 5e I#P #6@o-#e7@e5 C6<5er, Re769;o A. Cor5e, B6 e9ec5e; b 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or 5o re<96ce "o8. !o7or65o [email protected]7o Bo me9= 7om765e; Cor5eJ b.HTe Pre;e75 o= 5e I#P [email protected]er7 e5e [email protected]er7 e5e C6<5er, Por=ro P. S67co, B6 e9ec5e; b 5e #o6r; 5o re<96ce "o8. Cr9o Mo75eo.H1 Mo75eo.H 1 3. O7 *[email protected] 2G, 1), 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or He9ec5e; N67c So7 Ro'6, Tre6@rer o= 5e [email protected]e o= De9e65e, 6 "o8er7or =or Ce75r69 @o7H 7 9[email protected] o= Ce6r . P6r6, Bo <6e; 1G 6B6.1G 6B6. 4. O7 Oc5ober G, 11, "o8er7or =or E65er7 M7;676o, Teo;oro P69m6 "9, Bo B6 <re8[email protected]9 6<<o75e; 6 6 Reo769 Tr69 [email protected] >RTC? @;e, recomme7;e; 565 Teo;oro N67o, *r.,  O7 No8ember ), 11, Pre;e75 o= 5e I#P D686o Ore7569 C6<5er, be  re<96ceme75.1) re<96ceme75. 1) O7 N67o B6 [email protected] e9ec5e; b 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or 6 "o8er7or =or E65er7 M7;676o.1 M7;676o. 1 (. O7 Se<5ember 2, 1), 5e I#P H#o6r; o= "o8er7or co7=rme; 5e ;e765o7 o= Teo=9o S. P967;o, *r. 6 "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7, 5o er8e 5e @7e'<re; <or5o7 o= 5e 5erm o= "o8. 20 Ro S. P967;o, Bo r67 =or <@b9c o==ce.H o==ce.H20 . O7 Se<5ember 12, 2002, 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or Hreo98e; 5o 6<<o75 6c57 "o8er7or Roe9o $e96r;e 6 re@96r "o8er7or o= [email protected]er7 @o7 Reo7 6=5er 9e6r77 o= 5e ;e65 o= 5e re@96r "o8er7or, *oe=76 S. A76r6.H21 A76r6.H 21 G. O7 [email protected]@5 1G, 200, 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or H6<<o75e; Abe96r;o C. E5r6;6 6 OIC =or I#P Nor5er7 @o7 7 9[email protected] o= S98e5re !. #e99o Bo B6 =6c7 6 ;[email protected]=c65o7 c6e 6 "o8er7or o= I#P Nor5er7 @o7.H22 @o7.H22 I7  Re<9, A55. Ub67o [email protected]5o7e; 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or c96m 565 5  7o5 7ece6r =or 6 <o5o7 5o be 6b[email protected] 86c675 be=ore 6 @cceor m6 be 6<<o75e; or e9ec5e;. C57 5e 5r; <6r6r6< o= Sec5o7 44o= 5e I#P #-6B @e o= 5e Bor; H H86c67cH 86c67cH >.e., H67 86c67c 7 5e o==ce o= "o8er7orH? 67; Hre765o7H >.e., Hre7e; o8er7orH?, A55. Ub67o c96me; 565 5e 5e'5 o= 5e #-6B  [email protected];6759 c9e6r 67; @[email protected]8oc69 565 5ere [email protected]5 be =r5 6 H86c67cH or 6 <ror re765o7 be=ore 5e ;e9e65e o= 5e Reo7 c67 [email protected] e9ec5 6 @cceor ' ' '.H23 '.H23 A55. Ub67o 9eBe c699e7e; 5e <rece;e75 c5e; b 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or 67; c96me; 565 7o @c 5r6;5o7 o= 6<<o757 5e @cceor o= 6 re7e; o8er7or e'5e;. e'5e;.24 24 !e  !e <o75e; [email protected] 565 <ror 5o 5 6me7;me75 7 M6rc 2, 13, 5e I#P #-6B 6; 699oBe; 5e I#P 2( !oBe8er,  !oBe8er, #o6r; o= "o8er7or 5o e9ec5, 67; 7o5 6<<o75, H6 @cceor o=6 re7e; "o8er7or.H "o8er7or.H2( 5e 6me7;e; #-6B 7oB [email protected]re 565 6 @cceor be e9ec5e; b 5e ;e9e65e o= 5e  E8e7 = 5 Bere [email protected] 565 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or 6; 6 5r6;5o7 o= co7cer7e; reo7.2 reo7.2 E8e7 6<<o757 5e @cceor o= 6 re7e; o8er7or, 5e 5r6;5o7 c677o5 be 869;65e; 7 8eB o= 5e =r5 <6r6r6< o= Ar5c9e G o= 5e C89 Co;e Bc B c re6;: Ar5c9e G. 6B 6re re<e69e; o79 b @b[email protected] o7e, 67; 5er 8o965o7 or 7o7-ober867ce 699 7o5 be e'[email protected]e; b ;@e, or [email protected]5om or <r6c5ce 5o 5e co75r6r.2G co75r6r. 2G Me67B9e, o7 A<r9 23, 2013, A55. Ub67o =9e; =9 e; 67o5er Mo5o7 >Ure75 Mo5o7 5o De=erRe5r67 Per=orm67ce o= [email protected]e 6 [email protected]or "o8er7or o= I#P Nor5er7 @o7 Reo7? ee7 5o <re8e75 A55. C6@9e =rom e'erc7 5e [email protected]o7 o= I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7. T [email protected] 69o rece8e; o7 M6 1, 2013 67 @7;65e; Re[email protected]o7 <@r<or5e;9 7e; b ;e9e65e o= 5e I#P Nor5er7 @o7 Reo7. Te 765ore c699e; =or 67 e9ec5o7 o7 M6 1), 2013 5o 76me A55. !6b6Be9 @cceor.

 

O7 M6 20, 2013, 5ee 6me 765ore =9e; be=ore 5 [email protected] 5er O<<o5o7 5o A55. C6@9e 7om765o7. A B5 5e eco7; [email protected]; c5e; b A55. Ub67o 7  Or769 Mo5o7, 5 O<<o5o7 B6 67core; o7 5e 5r; <6r6r6< o= Sec5o7 44 o= 5e I#P #-6B. A9o o7 M6 20, 2013, A55. Ub67o =9e; 6 HMo5o7 =or e68e 5o F9e Re<9 B5 $er Ure75 Mo5o7 5o Re5r67 A55. C6@9e =rom $o57 7 5e E$P E9ec5o7 o7 22 M6 2013.H2) 2013.H 2) A556ce;  A556ce; 5o 5e Mo5o7 B6  HRe<9 B5 $er Ure75 Mo5o7 5o Re5r67 A55. C6@9e =rom $o57 7 2 A55.  A55. Ub67o 69o e75 6 9e55er 5o Aoc65e *@5ce M6r67o 5e E$P E9ec5o7 o7 22 M6 2013.H 2013.H2 C. ;e9 C6599o H<r67 67; be7 5e 7;@9e7ce o= 5e !o7or6b9e [email protected] 5o mme;65e9 re5r67 A55. 7;6 C6@9e =rom 8o57 7 5e I#P E'[email protected]8e $ce Pre;e75E9ec5o7 5o be 30 e9; o7 22 M62013.H M62013.H30 I7 6 Re[email protected]o7 ;65e; *@7e 4, 2013, 5 [email protected] [email protected]re; 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or 5o =9e 5 Comme75 o7 A55. Ub67o >1? Ure75 Mo5o7 5o De=erRe5r67 Per=orm67ce o= [email protected]e 6 [email protected]or "o8er7or o= I#P Nor5er7 @o7 Reo7J >2? Mo5o7 =or e68e 5o F9e Re<9J 67; >3? Re<9. I5 69o [email protected]re; 5e I#P I #P #o6r; o= "o8er7or 5o comme75 o7 5e O<<o5o7 =9e; b 5e 765ore <@r<or57 5o be 5e ;e9e65e o= 5e I#P Nor5er7 @o7 Reo7. O7 *@9 ), 2013, 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or =9e; 6 Com<967ce >.e., Comme75 7 Com<967ce? B5 5 [email protected] *@7e 4, 2013 Re[email protected]o7. &5 re<ec5 5o A55. Ub67o Ure75 Mo5o7 5o De=erRe5r67 Per=orm67ce o= [email protected]e 6 [email protected]or "o8er7or o= I#P Nor5er7 @o7 Reo7, 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or <o75e; [email protected] 565 A55. C6@9e 5erm e'<re; o7 *@7e 30, 2013.31 2013. 31 A 5o 5e O<<o5o7 =9e; b 765ore <@r<or57 5o be 5e ;e9e65e o= 5e I I#P #P Nor5er7 @o7 Reo7, 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or 699ee; 565 5e 5erm o= 5e [email protected]e o= De9e65e o= Nor5er7 @o7 =or 2011 5o 2013 e'<re; o7 M6rc 31, 2013. A @c, 5e O<<o5o7 7e; b 5e <@r<or5e; ;e9e65e B6 ultra vires, vires, 67; 5ere=ore, [email protected] 67; 8o;. 8o;.32 32 Te  Te I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or <o75e; [email protected] 565 H5e @e [email protected] 5e e9b95 o= A55. 7;6 C6@9e 6 re<96ceme75 "o8er7or =or A55. De7 #. !6b6Be9 B6 5r68ere; o8er 7 5e Comme75 ' ' ' ;65e; A<r9 24, 2013.H33 2013.H 33 A.M. No. 13-0(-0)-SC Te eco7; A;m75r658e M655er 669 5e co7;@c5 o= 5e M6 22, 2013 e9ec5o7 o= 5e I I#P #P E'[email protected]8e $ce Pre;e75 >E$P?. I7 5 e9ec5o7, A55. $ce75e $ce75e M.  M. *o 6 B6 e9ec5e; I#P "o8er7or =or [email protected]er7 @o7. O7 M6 31, 2013,A55. Ub67o =9e; 67 Ure75 Om7[email protected] Mo5o7 5o >1? [email protected]= 5e M6 22, 2013 I#P E'[email protected]8e $ce Pre;e75 e9ec5o7 67; >2? re5r67 A55. $ce75e M. *o6 =rom ;c6r7 5e ;@5e o= E$PAc57 Pre;e75. T Mo5o7 B6 ;oce5e; 6 A.M. No. 13-0(-0)-SC. I7 5 [email protected] Re[email protected]o7 ;65e; *@7e 1), 2013, 5 A;m75r658e M655er B6 co7o9;65e; B5 A.M. No. 13-04-03-SC>5e 13-04-03-SC>5e =r5 A;m75r658e M655er?. A55. Ub67o [email protected]5 5o [email protected]= 5e M6 22, 2013 e9ec5o7 o7 5Bo >2? [email protected];: Fr5, e c96me; 565 5e I#P e9ec5o7 o= 5e E$P B6 m6rre; b 7or;765e 65e, r68e rre@96r5e, <65e75 o595, m67=e5 b6 67; <re@;ce, 6 Be99 6 5e <re;7 o==cer 6b[email protected] 96c o= 7;e<e7;e7ce. 7;e<e7;e7ce.34 34 Seco7;, e c96me; 565 5e e9ec5o7 8o965e; Sec5o7 4G o= 5e I#P #-6B Bc [email protected]re 565 5e E$P be e9ec5e; b 6 8o5e o= 65 9e65 =8e >(? "o8er7or. A55. Ub67o em<6e; 565 A55. C6@9e 8o5e 7 =68or o= A55. *o6 B6 7869;, 6 A55. C6@9e 6<<o75me75 6 o8er7or B6 5e9= ultra vires, vires, 67; 5ere=ore,8o; a0 initio. initio.

 

Sec5o7 4G o= 5e I#P #-6B, 6 6me7;e; <@r@675 5o 5 [email protected] Re[email protected]o7 ;65e; A<r9 11, 2013 7 A.M. No. 0-(-2-SC 67; A.C. No. )22, 7oB re6;: Sec. 4G. E9ec5o7 o= N65o769 Pre;e75 N65o769 Pre;e75 E'[email protected]8e $ce Pre;e75. LTe I75er65e; #6r o= 5e P9<<7e 699 68e 6 Pre;e75, 67 E'[email protected]8e $ce Pre;e75, 67; 77e >? reo769 "o8er7or. Te "o8er7or 699 be e'-o==co $ce Pre;e75 =or 5er re<ec58e reo7. Te #o6r; o= "o8er7or 699 e9ec5 5e Pre;e75 67; E'[email protected]8e $ce Pre;e75 =rom 6mo7 5eme98e e6c b 6 8o5e o= 65 9e65 =8e >(? "o8er7or. U<o7 e'<r65o7 o= 5e 5erm o= 5e Pre;e75, 5e E'[email protected]8e $ce-Pre;e75 699 [email protected]c699 @ccee; 6 Pre;e75. I7 5e Com<967ce 565 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or =9e; 7 A A.M. .M. No. 13-04-03-SC, 5 6;;ree; A55. Ub67o 699e65o7 6 =o99oB: 1. O7 5e co7;@c5 o= 5e e9ec5o7 6. Te Re<or5 o7 5e Co7;@c5 o= E9ec5o7 =9e; b 5e Reo769 Tr69 [email protected] - P6 E'[email protected]8e  7;c65e 565 A55. Ub67o obec5o7 5o *@;e >67; [email protected]<reme [email protected] De765e; Ober8er?3( Ober8er?3( 7;c65e 5e 6<<o75me75 o= 5e <re;7 o==cer B6 5[email protected]9 ;[email protected]e; 67; <ro<er9 <@5 5o 6 8o5e.3 8o5e. 3 [email protected]er,  [email protected]er, 5ere  7o [email protected] b6 =or c96m7 565 5e <re;7 o==cer B6 7o5 7;e<e7;e75. A55. Ub67o B6 69o 7o5e; 5o 68e bee7 699oBe; 5e mo5 [email protected] o= 75er8e75o7 67; 5e 9o7e5 5me <e75 =or ;e9ber65o7.3G ;e9ber65o7. 3G b. A55. Ub67o B6 <ro<er9 [email protected]; [email protected] o= or;er Be7 e mo8e; 565 5e e9ec5o7 be mo8e; 5o 6 965er ;65e 67; Be7 e obec5e; 5o 5e <6r5c<65o7 o= A55. C6@9e. C6@9e.3) 3) 2. O7 5e @<<oe; 7869;5 o= A55. A 55. C6@9e 8o5e, 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or <o75e; [email protected] 565, 6 o= 5e 5me o= 5e e9ec5o7, 5ere B6 7o b6 =or 7869;657 5e 8o5e.3 8o5e. 3 S5r<<e; o= 5ec7c69 [email protected]7 67; 9e69 5ro7c, Be 6re c699e; 5o [email protected] @<o7 5e 869;5 o= A55. 7;6 C6@9e 6<<o75me75 6 I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7 7 9[email protected] o= A55. De7 #. !6b6Be9. Te re[email protected]o7 o= 5 m655er  ;ec8e o= 5e 869;5 o= er 6c5 6 I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7  [email protected];7 er <6r5c<65o7 7 5e e9ec5o7 o= 5e I#P E$P. eBe, Be 6re 6e; 5o re8eB 5e co7;@c5 o= 5e e9ec5o7 =or 5e I#P E$P. &e [email protected]5 ;e5erm7e Be5er 5e e9ec5o7 B6 655e7;e; b rre@96r5e, b6e, 67; <re@;ce 565 [email protected]; 7869;65e 5 re@95. &e 7o5e 565 cer567 @e r6e; 7 e8er69 Mo5o7 =9e; 6 <6r5 o= 5e =r5 A;m75r658e M655er 68e bee7 re7;ere; moo5 67; 6c6;emc. I7 5e =r5 A;m75r658e M655er, A55. Ub67o [email protected]5 5o >1? ;ec96re 6 ultra vires or vires or 6 7869; 5e <or5o7 o= 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or Om7[email protected] Re[email protected]o7 ;65e; M6rc 21, 2013 Bc 6<<ro8e; 5e 7om765o7 o= A55. C6@9e 6 I#P I #P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7 7 9[email protected] o= A55. De7 !6b6Be9 67; >2? re5r67 A55. C6@9e =rom e'erc7 5e [email protected]o7 o= I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7, 6mo7 Bc B6 8o57 7 5e M6 22, 2013 e9ec5o7 =or I#P E$P.A9o 7 5e =r5 A;m75r658e M655er, e8er69 765ore <@r<or57 5o be 5e ;e9e65e o= 5e I#P Nor5er7 @o7 Reo7 o<<oe; A55. C6@9e 7om765o7 o7 @b5675699 5e 6me [email protected]; 6 A55. Ub67o. A <o75e; [email protected] b 5e I#P I #P #o6r; o= "o8er7or7 5 Com<967ce, H5e 5erm o= A55. 7;6  A 7eB "o8er7or =or C6@9e 6 "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7 e'<re; o7 *@7e 30, 2013.H40 2013.H 40 A  A A55. C6@9e  7o 9o7er er87 Nor5er7 @o7, A55. O98er C6c6<ero, B6 e9ec5e;.41 e9ec5e;.41 A 6 I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7, 5e m655er o= [email protected]57 or re5r677 A55. C6@9e =rom e'erc7 5e [email protected]o7 o= @c o==ce  7o 9o7er 67 68696b9e re9e=. A Be 68e e'<967e; 7 Por/ento v. Estrada: Estrada:42

 

A 6 [email protected], 5 [email protected] m6 o79 6;@;c65e [email protected], o7o7 co75ro8ere. Te [email protected]  7o5 em<oBere; 5o ;ec;e moo5 [email protected]5o7 or 6b5r6c5 <ro<o5o7, or 5o ;ec96re <r7c<9e or [email protected] o= 96B Bc c677o5 6==ec5 5e re@95 6 5o 5e 57 7 @e 7 5e c6e be=ore 5. I7 o5er Bor;, Be7 6 c6e  moo5, 5 become 7o7-@5c6b9e. A7 6c5o7  co7;ere; Hmoo5H Be7 5 7o 9o7er <ree75 6 @5c6b9e co75ro8er [email protected]e 5e @e 78o98e; 68e become 6c6;emc or ;e6; or Be7 5e m655er 7 ;<@5e 6 69re6; bee7 reo98e; 67; e7ce, o7e  7o5 e7559e; 5o @;c69 75er8e75o7 @79e 5e @e  9e9 5o be r6e; 667 be5Bee7 5e <6r5e. Tere  7o57 =or 5e [email protected] 5o reo98e 6 5e 43 ;e5erm765o7 5ereo= 6 bee7 o8er56e7 b @b[email protected] e8e75. e8e75.43 !oBe8er, Be reco7e 565 5e 869;5 o= A55. C6@9e 6<<o75me75 6 "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7 6==ec5 5e 869;5 o= er 6c5o7 6 c5o7 6 5e [email protected]<675 o= 5o==ce, e<ec699 er <6r5c<65o7 7 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or e9ec5o7 o= 5e I#P E$P, Bc  5e @bec5 o= 5e eco7; A;m75r658e M655er. A55. Ub67o c5e; 5Bo [email protected]; 6 b6e =or c96m7 565 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or m<ro<er9 6<<ro8e; A55. C6@9e @cceo7 6 "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7. Fr5, 5ere B6 7o 86c67c 65 5e 5me o= A55. C6@9e ;e765o7. A55. !6b6Be9 B6 5e7 599 "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7, 67; 5ere B6 7o 7ee; 5o 76me 6 re<96ceme75 e5. Seco7;, 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or 6c5e; ultra vires or vires or beo7; 5 com<e5e7ce co7;er7 565 5e 5r; <6r6r6< o= Sec5o7 44 o= 5e I#P #-6B 8e5 5e r5 5o e9ec5 5e @cceor o= 6 re7e; I#P o8er7or 75e ;e9e65e o= 5e co7cer7e; reo7 67; 7o5 7 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or. O7 5e =r5 [email protected];, Be @567 5e <o5o7 o= 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or. I7;ee;, 5  7o5 o79 [email protected][email protected] 69o 6b@r; 5o 75 565 6 86c67c [email protected]5 [email protected] 67; 95er699 e'5 65 5e <rece mome75 m ome75 565 6 @cceor 5o 67 o==ce  ;e75=e;. &ere 6 86c67c  675c<65e; B5 re6o76b9e cer56756 Be7 6 5erm  e7;7 or 5e e==ec585 o= 6 re765o7 or 6 re5reme75  =or5com75  [email protected] re6o76b9e 565 5oe Bo 6re 7 6 <o5o7 5o ;e765e 6 re<96ceme75 6c5 <rom<59. NeB o==c69 6re e9ec5e; be=ore 5e e7; o= 67 [email protected] 5ermJ re<96ceme75 6re [email protected]5e; >67; e8e7 5r67e;? 6e6; o= 67 675c<65e; re765o7 or re5reme75. T  7ece6r 5o e7@re 5e moo5 67; e==ec58e [email protected]o77 o= 67 o==ce. #e5Bee7 <rom<5 67; 96c6;6c69 6c5o7, 5e =ormer  <re=er6b9e. I5  mm65er69 565 5ere  67 ;e75=e; @cceor-7-B657 @cceor-7-B657 o 9o7 6 5ere 6re 7o [email protected]@ [email protected]<675 o= 67 o==ce. O7 5e eco7; [email protected];, 5e 5r; <6r6r6< o= Sec5o7 44 o= 5e I#P I #P #-6B c9e6r9 <ro8;e 565 H5e ;e9e65e =rom 5e reo7 699 b m6or5, e9ec5 6 @cceor =rom 6mo7 5e member o= 5e C6<5er 5o Bc 5e re7e; o8er7or  6 member.H Tere  7o 6mb@5 5 5e'5. &e 6re @r<re; 565 5e I#P67 75[email protected]o7 e'<ec5e; 5o "o8er7or @<o9; 5e [email protected] o= 96B67coe7 5o re9 o7 H5r6;5o7H 5o 869;65e 5 6c5o7. Te I#P #o6r; o= 6rro65e; @75o 5e9= 6 <oBer Bc  8e5e; 7 5e ;e9e65e o= 5e co7cer7e; I#P reo7. T 6rro65o7  6 m67=e5 8o965o7 o= 5e c9e6r 67; @7m566b9e 5erm o= 5e I#P #6B. &e c677o5 [email protected] 5. No [email protected] o= <re8[email protected] <r6c5ce or H5r6;5o7H c67 869;65e @c 6 <65e759 [email protected] 6c5o7. I5 , 5ere=ore, 9e6r 565 A55. C6@9e ;e765o7 6 I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7  5675e; B5 rre@96r5, 67; 5ere=ore, 7869;. Ne8er5e9e, =o99oB7 5e 6;o<5o7 o= 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or Om7[email protected] Re[email protected]o7 ;65e; M6rc 21, 201365 5e 5me A55. Ub67o =9e; 5e Or769 Mo5o7 67; @< @759 *@7e 30, 2013  A55. C6@9e 6c5e; 6 67; <er=orme; 5e [email protected]o7 o= 5e Be7 er H5erm ' ' ' e'<re;,H44 e'<re;,H44 A55. I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7. T  67 acco/plished fact  Bc  Bc 7o [email protected] o= 9e69 6b5r6c5o7 c67 @7;o. I5  7 5 co75e'5, B5 5e b6c;ro< o= 5 co7@mm65e; [email protected],565 Be [email protected] o7 5e A;m75r658e M655er be=ore @. "8e7 5ee c[email protected]567ce, Be o9; 565 A55. C6@9e 5oo o7 5e ro9e o= I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7 7 6 de facto c6<6c5. facto c6<6c5. "e facto me67 facto me67 H7 <o75 o= =6c5.H4( =6c5.H4( To  To <e6 o= ome57 6 be7 ;e =6c5o,5@,5o 6 565 5  H6[email protected] or e'57 7 =6c5H4 =6c5H 4 6  6 o<<oe; 5o He'57 b r5 or 6ccor;7 5o 96B,H4G 96B,H 4G 565 , de 4ure. 4ure. #e7 [email protected] 5[email protected] 7o5 be7 [email protected];e; o7 r5 or 96B, ;e =6c5o ,5ere=ore, H99e5m65e [email protected] 7 e==ec5.H4) e==ec5.H4)

 

Te co7ce<5 o= 6 de facto o==cer facto o==cer B6 e'<967e; 7 C89 Ser8ce Commo7 8. *oo7, *r.:4 *r.: 4 Te bro6; ;e=75o7 o= B65 co75[email protected] 67 o==cer de facto B6 facto B6 [email protected]; b or; !o95 7 Par5er v. 6ent , 67; re5er65e; b or; [email protected] 67; [email protected] 7 #e7c 7 1)( 7 e3 v. Bedford 7evel , HO7e Bo 6 5e re<@565o7 o= be7 5e o==cer e 6@me 67; e5  7o5 6 oo; o==cer 7 <o75 o= 96B.H A de facto o==cer facto o==cer  o7e Bo  7 <oeo7 o= 5e o==ce 67; ;c6r7 5 ;@5e @7;er co9or o= [email protected]or5. # co9or o= [email protected]or5  me675 565 ;er8e; =rom 67 e9ec5o7 or 6<<o75me75, oBe8er rre@96r or 7=orm69, o 565 5e [email protected]  7o5 6 mere (0 >Em<6  >Em<6 67; @7;ercor7 @<<9e;? [email protected](0 [email protected] A de facto o==cer facto o==cer  ;57@e; =orm 6 de 4ure o==cer, 4ure o==cer, 6 =o99oB: Te ;==ere7ce be5Bee7 5e b6 o= 5e [email protected]or5 o= 6 de 4ure o==cer 4ure o==cer 67; 565 o= 6 de facto  facto  o==cer  565 o7e re5 o7 r5, 5e o5er o7 re<@565o7. I5 m6 be 9e7e; 5o 5e ;==ere7ce be5Bee7 c6r6c5er 67; re<@565o7. O7e  5e [email protected] o= 6 m67, 5e o5er  B65  5[email protected]5 o= m.(1 m. (1 Moreo8er, 6 6675 6 mere @@r<er, H5  5e co9or o= [email protected]or5, 7o5 5e co9or o= 559e 565 ;57@e 67 o==cer de facto =rom facto =rom 6 @@r<er.H(2 @@r<er.H(2 T@,  T@, 6 mere @@r<er  o7e HBo 56e <oeo7 o= 67 o==ce 67; @7;er56e 5o 6c5 o==c699 B5[email protected] 67 co9or o= r5 or [email protected]or5,  A @@r<er  7o o==cer 65 699.(4 699. (4 e5er [email protected] or 6<<6re75.H(3 6<<6re75.H(3 A Te e'<67e o= 5e ;e =6c5o ;oc5r7e B6 e56b9e; e6r9 7 5e ;e8e9o<me75 o= [email protected]  @r<[email protected];e7ce. I7 7una v. odrigue) ,((  @r<[email protected];e7ce. (( 5e  5e ;oc5r7e B6 e56b9e; 5o co75em<965e [email protected]o7 Bere 5e ;@5e o= 5e o==ce Bere e'erce;: >6? &5[email protected] 6 7oB7 6<<o75me75 or e9ec5o7, [email protected] @7;er @c c[email protected]567ce o= re<@565o7 or [email protected]ece7ce 6 Bere [email protected]; 5o 7;@ce <eo<9e, B5[email protected][email protected]r, 5o @bm5 5o or 78oe  6c5o7, @<<o7 m 5o be 5e o==cer e 6@me 5o beJ >b? @7;er co9or o= 6 7oB7 or 869; 6<<o75me75 or e9ec5o7, Bere 5e o==cer 6 =69e; 5o co7=orm 5o ome <rece;e75 [email protected]reme75 or co7;5o7, =or e'6m<9e, 6 =6[email protected] 5o o65 or  or 8e 6 bo7;, or m96r ;e=ec5J >c? @7;er co9or o= 6 7oB7 e9ec5o7 or 56e 5e o65 6<<o75me75, 8o; [email protected]e 5e o==cer B6 7o5 e9b9e, or [email protected]e 5ere B6 6 B675 o= <oBer 7 5e e9ec57 or 6<<o757 bo;, or b re6o7 o= ome ;e=ec5 or rre@96r5 7 5 e'erce, @c 7e9b95, B675 o= <oBer or ;e=ec5 be7 @77oB7 5o 5e <@b9cJ 67; >;? @7;er co9or o= 67 e9ec5o7, or 6<<o75me75, b or <@r@675 5o 6 <@b9c @7co75[email protected]o7 @7co75[email protected]o769 69 96B, be=ore 5e 6me  6;@;e; 5o be @c.( @c. ( >Em<6e  >Em<6e 67; @7;ercor7 @<<9e;? (G @[email protected]8oc699  @[email protected]8oc699 [email protected];e T co8er6e, 6==rme; 67; re5er65e; 7 @b[email protected] @r<[email protected];e7c @r<[email protected];e7ce, e,(G o==cer Boe e9ec5o7  8o; [email protected]e 5e bo; 565 e9ec5e; >or o5erBe ;e765e;? 5em 96ce; 5e c6<6c5 5o ;o o. T  <rece9 5e [email protected]o7 7 5 c6e: Te <oBer 5o e9ec5 67 I#P "o8er7or  9o;e; 7 5e ;e9e65e o= 5e co7cer7e; reo7, 7o5 7 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7orJ e5 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or 6<<ro8e; A55. C6@9e 7om765o7 6 I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7. To be 6 de facto o==cer, facto o==cer, 699 o= 5e =o99oB7 e9eme75 [email protected]5 be <ree75: 1? Tere [email protected]5 be 6 de 4ure o==ceJ 4ure o==ceJ 2? Tere [email protected]5 be co9or o= r5 ore7er69 [email protected]ece7ce b 5e <@b9cJ 67; 3? Tere [email protected]5 be [email protected] <c69 <oeo7 o= 5e o==ce 7 oo; =65.() =65.() >U7;ercor7  >U7;ercor7 @<<9e;? I7 5e <ree75 c6e, 5ere  7o ;<@5e 565 6 de 4ure o==ce565 4ure o==ce565 o= I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7e'5. Ne5er  5ere 67 ;<@5e 565 A55. C6@9e 5oo <oeo7 o= 67; <er=orme; 5e [email protected]o7 o= @c o==ce. I7 =6c5, 5e Mo5o7 @bm55e; 6 <6r5 o= 5e =r5 A;m75r658e M655er Bere

 

<rece9 75e7;e; 5o <@5 6 5o< 5o er <er=orm67ce o= 5ee [email protected]o7. eBe, A55. C6@9e 5oo <oeo7 o= 67; <er=orme; 5e [email protected]o7 o= 5e I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7 5[email protected] 6 <roce, 69be5 Hrre@96r or 7=orm69, o 565 e  7o5 6 mere [email protected],H [email protected],H( ( 565  565 , 7o5 5[email protected] er oB7 6c5o7 [email protected] 5[email protected] 5oe o= 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or. T@, e ;; o @7;er Hco9or o= [email protected]or5,H 6 ;e=7e; 7 e559e; @r<[email protected];e7ce >e.., Civil 2ervice 1 67; "ennis .B. 8una v. Co//ission v. Joson, Jr .,0 .,0  "i/aandal v. Co//ission on udit ,1 67;  cting 2ecretar!  of  of Justice l0erto C. gra  gra  2?. 2?. Te I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or 6<<ro869 B6 [email protected]; 5[email protected] 6 <roce 565 5 c6r6c5ere; 6 6 H5r6;5o7,H 699oB7 5 5o 6<<o75 6 re<96ceme75 =or 67 o==cer Bo 86c65e  or er o==ce or59 be=ore  or er 5erm e'<re. I5 c5e; e8e7 >G? c6e, <6777 6 <ero; o= more 567 5Be75-' >2? e6r, 7 Bc 5 5r6;5o7 B6 e'erce;. O= 5ee, 5ree >3? [email protected]; 6=5er 5e M6rc 2, 13 6me7;me75 o= 5e I#P I #P #-6B Bc [email protected]re 565 6 @cceor o8er7or be e9ec5e; b 5e ;e9e65e o= 5e co7cer7e; reo7. T@, 5e H5r6;5o7H <er5e; e8e7 6=5er 5e 6me7;e; #-6B 6; 8e5e; 5e <oBer 5o e9ec5 6 re<96ceme75 7 5e ;e9e65e o= 5e co7cer7e; reo7. #e7 7 8o965o7 o= 5e I#P #-6B >6 6me7;e; o7 M6rc 2, 13?, 5 @<<oe; 5r6;5o7 c677o5 e6r7 [email protected] i/pri/atur . #e 565 6 5 m6, 7 699 o= 5e occ6o7 c5e; b 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or, 5e [email protected]or5 o= re<96ceme75 o8er7or B6 ;er8e; =rom 6 <roce, Bc, 5[email protected] rre@96r, e76b9e; 5em 5o 6c5 6 67; be 6cce<5e; 6 o8er7or. I5 B6 B5 5 b6c;ro< 565 A55. C6@9e ere9= B6 ;e765e; 6 I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7. [email protected]7e; b 5 co75e'5, 5eco9or o= [email protected]or5 or r5 @7;er Bc A55. C6@9e bec6me I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7  699 5e more 56r. T 6me co9or o= [email protected]or5 6 @5or5 or r5 7e65e 67 7[email protected]o7 565 A55. C6@9e 6@me; o==ce [email protected] o= er oB7 ;e7 or co75r867ceJ 565 , 565 e ;; o 7 b6; =65. Se <rece9 re9e; re9 e; o7 e56b9e; <r6c5ce, 7oB e56b9e; 6 7869; [email protected] 7e8er5e9e 5orc699 6cce<5e;. A55. Ub67o 699ee; 565 5e7 I#P Pre;e75 Ro67 b6ro m<oe; @<o7 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or 5e 6<<ro869 o= A55. C6@9e 7om765o7J 565 A55. !6b6Be9 Bro79 <6r5c<65e; 7 5e 8o5e 5o 6<<ro8e A55. C6@9e 7om765o7J 67; 565 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or 5e9= 8o965e; 5e I#P #-6B. Ye5, e =69e; 5o 699ee 565 A55. C6@9e B6 er e9= 6 <6r5 5o 67 ceme or 6r5=ce 565 m5 68e bee7 ;e7e; o 565 e [email protected]; be 6b9e 5o [email protected] 5e I#P "o8er7or< =or Nor5er7 @o7. [email protected]ermore, [email protected]ermore, 7o e8;e7ce B6 <ree75e; 5o oB 565 5ere B6 coerco7 m<oe; o7 5e o5er o8er7or o= 5e I75er65e; I 75er65e; #6r o= 5e P9<<7e. &e 7o5e 565 o7 M6 1, 2013,765ore c96m7 5o be ;e9e65e o= 5e I#P Nor5er7 @o7 Reo7 @bm55e; 5o 5 [email protected] 6 co< o= 67 @7;65e; Re[email protected]o7 c6997 =or 67 e9ec5o7 5o 76me A55. De7 #. !6b6Be9 @cceor 6 I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7. &e 69o 7o5e 565 o7 M6 20, 2013, 5e 6me 7;8;@69 @bm55e; 5er O<<o5o7 5o A55. A 55. C6@9e 7om765o7 6 A55. !6b6Be9 re<96ceme75. O7 5e b6 o= 5, 5ere 6<<e6r 5o be 6 [email protected]; =or 6r@7  5o A55. C6@9e 687 re<96ce; 565 5ere B6 7o He7er69 [email protected]ece7ce b 5e <@b9cH3 <@b9cH3 5o A55. !6b6Be9. Te eco7; [email protected]5e =or be7 6 de facto o==cer, facto o==cer, 6 <e99e; [email protected] 7 1uandav. 2andigan0a!a 2andigan0a!an n,4  4  re6;: HTere [email protected]5 be co9or o= r5 or e7er69 [email protected]ece7ce b 5e <@b9c.H( <@b9c.H ( C9e6r9,  C9e6r9, 5e [email protected]5e  565e; 7 5e 695er7658e. 6 95er7658e. Co9or o= r5 69o @==ce. &e 68e 69re6; ;[email protected]e; oB A55. C6@9e 5oo o7 5e ro9e o= I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7 B5 co9or o= r5 >or [email protected]or5?. &e =69 5o ee oB 5e 6c5o7 o= '>? 7;8;@69@567 5e 6er5o7 565 5e <@b9c 7e8er [email protected]ece; 5o A55. C6@9e 687 re<96ce; A55. !6b6Be9. Te [email protected]5e <e6 o= He7er69 [email protected]ece7ce.H To be He7er69H  7o5 5o be H6b[email protected] I5  5o <e6 o= 6 commo7695 565 e'5 =or 5e mo5 <[email protected] 7o5 7ece6r9 e75re9. I5 6;m5 o= e'ce<5o7. T65 5ere 6re 5oe Bo [email protected] 5eme98e 6 obec5or mere9 655e5 5o 5er e'5e7ce. I5 ;oe 7o5, 7 67; o= 5e9=, re<@;65e 565 Bc m6 e7er699 e'5. T@,5o [email protected] 5e 6c5o7 o= 6 67;[email protected] o=6c58e obec5or B5 5e @55er 96c o= He7er69 [email protected]ece7ceH [email protected]; be non se#uitur .

 

"r6757 565 5ee '>? 7;8;@69 6re 7 =6c5 5e 9e5m65e ;e9e65e o= 5e I#P Nor5er7 @o7 Reo7 67; e8e7 = Be ;re6r; 5er eer [email protected], 5e 599 =69 5o re<ree75 or embo; 5e H<@b9c.H Te 6re ;rec5 <6r5c<675, 687 bee7 5e 7;8;@69 Boe r5 5o e9ec5 5e I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7 B6 @<<oe;9 @7;erm7e;. Prece9, 5er be7 ;rec5 <6r5c<675 Lme677, <ero7 Boe @<<oe; r5 Bere 8o965e; Lm6e 5em [email protected] <6r5e 5o 5e co75ro8er. T65 5e 5eme98e coe 5o =9e 67 O<<o5o7 67; @bm5 5eme98e 5o 5 [email protected] 6;@;c65o7 o= 5 c6e e8;e7ce 5er oB7 6c7oB9e;eme75 o= 5. Te de facto ;oc5r7e facto ;oc5r7e B6 ;e8e; 5o be7e=5 5e <@b9c. O7 5e 869;5 o= 6c5o7 m6;e b ;e =6c5o o==cer, 5  e559e; 565 H5e 6c5 o= 5e de facto o==cer facto o==cer 6re @5 6 869; =or 699 <@r<oe 6 5oe o= 6 de 4ure o==cer, 4ure o==cer, 7 o =6r 6 5e <@b9c or 5r; <ero7 Bo 6re 75ere5e; 5ere7 6re co7cer7e;.HG co7cer7e;.HG T  T  <reme; o7 5e re695 565 H5r; <ero7 ' ' ' c677o5 69B6 78e565e 5e r5 o= o7e 6@m7 5o o9; 67 m<or5675 o==ce. Te 68e 6r5 5o 6@me 565 o==c69 6<<6re759 [email protected]=e; 67; 7 o==ce 6re 9e699 @c.H) @c.H ) Te 5r; <6r5 6==ec5e; b 5e [email protected] o= 5e 6@m<5o7 75o o==ce b A55. C6@9e  5e m6 o= 96Ber be9o77 5o 5e I75er65e; #6r o= 5e P9<<7e. A67, 5e Bo9e 9e69 <ro=eo7 become B57e 5o oB 5e e9ec5o7 o= 5 9e6;er 6 <r6c5c699 become [email protected][email protected] o= bo5 <o95c69 67; 9e69 co75ro8er. I7 [email protected] A<r9 11, 2013 Re[email protected]o7 7 A.M. No. 0-(-2-SC 67; A.C. No. )22, Be ober8e; 565 5 6 [email protected]5 [email protected] ;e7c675me75 B57 5e r67 o= 5e I75er65e; #6r o= 5e P9<<7e. I7 [email protected], m67  @<ec5 @<ec5 565 5ee e9ec5o7 6re co75e5 be5Bee7 e'[email protected]8e [email protected]< 565 [email protected] 5o =7; 699e e6r 7 67; e6r [email protected] 5o co75ro9 5e e9m o= 5 m67;65or 96Ber or6765o7. Te ;<o5o7 Be 8e 5o 5 c6e  69o <6r59 5o [email protected]e5 5ee co7=9c5 67; 5o ;e7 67 reB6r; 5o [email protected]er 9e69 co75ro8er. A=5er 699, 7 [email protected] A<r9 11, 2013 Re[email protected]o7 7 A.M. No. 0-(2-SC 67; A.C. No. )22, Be cre65e; 6 <erm67e75 Comm55ee =or I#P A==6r H5o <rm6r9 655e7; 5o 5e <rob9em 67; 7ee; o= 6 8er m<or5675 <ro=eo769 bo; 67; 5o m6e recomme7;65o7 =or 5 m<ro8eme75 67; 5re75e77.H 5re75e77.H S[email protected]; 565 75658e 599 =69, 5 [email protected] [email protected]; er[email protected]9 re8eB 5e <ree75 mo;695 o= 5e I75er65e; #6r. I75e6; o= 7;8;@69 member<, 6 more [email protected]o769 695er7658e m5 be or6765o769 member<. T me67 565 [email protected] or6765o7 @c 6 5e Free e69 A567ce "[email protected]< >FA"?, 5e A95er7658e 6B "[email protected]< >A"?, 5e P9<<7e #6r Aoc65o7 >P#A?, 5e U.P. &ome7 6Ber Crc9e >&IOCI?, 67; o5er or6765o7 c67 co69ece 67; 7om765e 9e6;er 5o com<re 6 [email protected]9. T@, e8er 96Ber B99 68e 6 [email protected] coce 5o ;e5erm7e Bc o= 5ee or6765o7 be5 re<ree75  or er 75ere5. T 6rmo7e be55er B5 5er r5 5o =ree 6oc65o7. A99 co7;ere;, 5e c[email protected]567ce @7;er Bc A55. C6@9e 7om765o7 B6 6<<ro8e; 67; @7;er Bc A55. C6@9e @b[email protected] 6@me; 5e ro9e o= I#P I #P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7 6re @==ce75 5o 7;@ce 6 general  6  general  be9e=  be9e= 565 e B6 <ro<er9 5e I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7 67; 565 er 6c5o7 7 5 o==ce Bere <ro<er9 78oe;. !687 6; 5ee, Be 6ree B5 6 <o75 r6e; b A55. Ub67o. A B5 [email protected], 5e I#P #6B H8o965o7 or 7o7-ober867ce [email protected]5 7o5 be e'[email protected]e; b ;@e, or [email protected]5om, or <r6c5ce 5o 5e co75r6r.HG0 co75r6r.HG0 &e  &e ;o 7o5 869;65e 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or [email protected] [email protected]  <r6c5ce. To re5er65e [email protected] e6r9er Bor;: H&e c677o5 [email protected] 5. No [email protected] o= <re8[email protected] <r6c5ce or H5r6;5o7H c67 869;65e @c 6 <65e759 [email protected] 6c5o7.H No7e5e9e, e8e7 6 Be ;ecr 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or re967ce o7 H5r6;5o7,H Be ;o 7o5 9oe 5 o= 5e =6c5, <69<6b9e 67; [email protected], 565 A55. C6@9e 6 o 6c5e; 6 I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7. T67[email protected], [email protected] 9e69 5em 6 67 e56b9e; me67 5[email protected] Bc Be 6re 6b9e 5o 68er5 5e Hc6o 565 [email protected]; re@95 =rom [email protected]<9e 67; re<e55[email protected] c699e7e 5o e8er 6c5o7 56e7 b 67 o==c69 Boe c96m 5o o==ce [email protected]; be o<e7 5o [email protected]5o7.HG1 [email protected]5o7.H G1 I5  I5  5rc59 7 8eB o= 5 565 Be m6e 6 ;e5erm765o7 565 A55. C6@9e B6 5e de facto I#P facto I#P

 

"o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7.&e 6re 7o5 869;657 6 Bro7J Be 6re mere9 6;;re7 67 e'e7c. !687 e56b9e; 565 A55. C6@9e B6 5e I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7 7 6 de facto  facto  c6<6c5, Be [email protected] 5o 5e 869;5 o= er 6c5o7 6 6 de facto o==cer. facto o==cer. To re5er65e, o7e 565  ;e =6c5o  H99e5m65e [email protected] 7 e==ec5.HG2 e==ec5.H G2 T@,  T@, 5  e559e; 565 H5e 6c5 o= 5e de facto o==cer facto o==cer 6re @5 6 869; =or 699 <@r<oe 6 5oe o= 6 de 4ure o==cer, 4ure o==cer, 7 o G3 T  T  =6r 6 5e <@b9c or 5r; <ero7 Bo 6re 75ere5e; 5ere7 6re co7cer7e;.H co7cer7e;.HG3 7ece6r o 6 5o <ro5ec5 5e 67c55 o= 5er ;e697 B5 5oe re97 o7 5er o5e7b9e [email protected]or5:H5r; <ero7 ' ' ' c677o5 69B6 78e565e 5e r5 o= o7e 6@m7 5o o9; 67 m<or5675 o==ce. Te 68e 6 r5 5o 6@me 565 o==c69 6<<6re759 [email protected]=e; 67; 7 o==ce 6re 9e699 @c.HG4 @c.HG4 Accor;79, Be o9; 565 699 o==c69 6c5o7 o= A55. C6@9e 6 de facto I#P facto I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7 [email protected]5 be ;eeme; 869;, b7;7, 67; e==ec58e, 6 5[email protected] e Bere 5e o==cer 869;9 6<<o75e; 67; [email protected]=e; =or 5e o==ce. I5 =o99oB 565 er <6r5c<65o7 67; 8o5e 7 5e e9ec5o7 =or I#P E$P e9; o7 M6 22, 2013 6re 7 or;er. &e 7oB <rocee; 5o 5e <o75 r6e; b A55. Ub67o 6697 5e co7;@c5 o= 5e M6 22, 2013 e9ec5o7 =or 5e I#P E$P. Te Re<or5 o7 5e Co7;@c5 o= E9ec5o7 <re<6re; b 5 [email protected] ;e765e; ober8er, E'[email protected]8e E'[email protected]8e *@;e D679o S. [email protected], re8e69 565 A55. Ub67o obec5o7 Bere <ro<er9 67; 5[email protected]9 ;[email protected]e;. !e B6 8e7 6 co7;er6b9e 9e75 o= 5me 5o 6r 67; 6r@e  <o75. I5 B6 o79 6=5er 5[email protected] ;[email protected]o7 565 A55. Ub67o Mo5o7 5o <o5<o7e 5e e9ec5o7Bc e 75e; o7 r67 e8e7 Be7 5e bo; B6 7 5e <roce o= 7om7657 c67;;65e =or 5e  A55. Ub67o me9= B6 5e7 7om765e; =or I#P <o5o7 o= E$PB6 ;ec96re; [email protected] o= or;er.G( or;er. G( A55. G !e  !e 6cce<5e;  7om765o7 @bec5 5o 5e re[email protected]o7 o=  Mo5o7 =or Reco7;er65o7 E$P.G E$P. 7 A.M. No. 0-(-2-SC 67; A.C. No. )22, 6 Be99 6 5e re[email protected]o7 o= 5e =r5 A;m75r658e GG M655er.GG M655er. #e=ore 5e member o= 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or <96ce; 5er 8o5e, A55. Ub67o 6; [email protected]5 5o 68e A55. C6@9e b699o5 ere65e; 67; e69e; <e7;7 5e re[email protected]o7 o=  Mo5o7 =or Reco7;er65o7 7 A.M. No. 0-(-2-SC 67; A.C. No. )22, 6 Be99 6 5e re[email protected]o7 o= 5e =r5  $o5e Bere 5e7 c65, =o99oBe; b 5699 67; A;m75r658e M655er. ! Mo5o7 B6 ;e7e;.G) ;e7e;. G) $o5e c67867. A=5er 5e 8o5e 6; bee7 5699e;, A55. $ce75e M. *o6 rece8e; =8e >(? 8o5e B9e A55. Ub67o rece8e; [email protected]>4? 8o5e. Te Cer5=c65e o= E9ec5o7 B6 5e7 <re<6re;, cer5=e; b 5e <re;7 o==cer 67; 7o5e; b 5 [email protected] ober8er. ober8er.G G A55. Ub67o B6 6ccor;e; more 567 67 6m<9e o<<[email protected]5 5o 6r@e <o5o7. More m<or56759,  <o5o7 B6 6m<9 co7;ere; b 5e bo;. A7o5er I#P o8er7or, I#P "re65er M6796 "o8er7or Dom7c C.M. So9, e8e7 75699 @<<or5e; A55. Ub67o 75e7ce 565 5e e9ec5o7 be <o5<o7e;, [email protected] A55. So9 @b[email protected] B5;reB @<<or5. @<<or5.)0 )0 I7  Ure75 Om7[email protected] Mo5o7 Bc 68e re 5o 5e eco7; A;m75r658e M655er, A55. Ub67o m6;e 67 @e [email protected] o= A55. $ce75e M. *o6 687 ;e765e; I#P N65o769 Secre56r N6er A. M6room69c 6 C6rm67 o= 5e Commo7 o7 E9ec5o7 co7;er7 565 A55.*o6 @<<oe;9 96ce; 5e [email protected]or5 5o ;o o. A55. Ub67o m6;e [email protected] o= A55. *o6 [email protected] 6 I#P "o8er7or =or [email protected]er7 @o7. A55. Ub67o, oBe8er, 9o5 5 o= 5e =6c5 =6 c5 565 A55. *o6 B6 9eBe 5e C6rm67 o= 5e I#P E'[email protected]8e Comm55ee. Te Re<or5 o7 5e Co7;@c5 o= E9ec5o7 <re<6re; b E'[email protected]8e *@;e D679o S. [email protected] rec699 5e <er57e75 e8e75 6 =o99oB: Te e9ec5o7 B6 ce;@9e; 65 11 A.M. C6rm67 *o6 c699e; 5e mee57 5o or;er 6511:0( A.M. N65o769 Secre56r M6room69c cer5=e; 565 699 member o= 5e #o6r; Bere 7o5=e; o= 5e

 

e9ec5o7 ce;@9e 67; 565 B5 5e <ree7ce o= =8e =8 e >(? member o= 5e #o6r;, #o6r;,)1 )1 5ere  5ere B6 6 [email protected]@m. Te C6rm67 <96ce; o7 recor; 565 5e @7;er7e; [email protected] Ober8er B6 7 655e7;67ce. C6rm67 *o6 6; 5e mee57 B6 B6  =or 5e <@r<oe o= e9ec57 5e E$P =or 2011-2013 67; ;e765e; 5e COMEEC =or 5e e9ec5o7, 5@: Secre56r M6room69c 6 C6rm67, A55. Ro6ro T. Se596-Ree, 6 eco7; member, 67; I#P !e6; E'[email protected]8e A5675 [email protected] ". "ero7mo 6 5r; member 67; recor;er o= 5e <rocee;7. C6rm67 *o6 5e7 re9[email protected]e; 5e C6r 5o COMEEC C6rm67 N6er A. M6room69c.)2 M6room69c. )2   A55. Ub67o oB7 ;ecr<5o7 o= 5e c[email protected]567ce 9e6;7 5o 5e cre65o7 o= 5e E'[email protected]8e Comm55ee 565e: I7 95 o= 5e m<e7;7  m<e7;7 ipso facto re765o7 facto re765o7 o= Pre. b6ro o7 30 M6rc 2013 Bc  5e 56r5 o= 5e o==c69 c6m<67 <ero;, 5e I#P #o6r; o= "o8er7or;[email protected]e; "o8er7or;[email protected]e; 6 mec67m 5o <re8e75 [email protected] c7 5e 9e6;er< o= 5e I#P. A=5er ;eb65e 67; ;e9ber65o7, 5 B6 6ree; 5o co75[email protected] 6 =8e >(?- member E'[email protected]8e Comm55ee >HE' ComH? 56e; 5o 5em<or6r9 6;m75er 5e 6==6r o= 5e I#P ' ' '.)3 '. )3 From A55. Ub67o ;ecr<5o7 o= 5e E'[email protected]8e Comm55ee [email protected]o7, 5  e8;e75 565 5 <r7c<69 <@r<oe  5o e7@re 565 5e [email protected]o7 o= 5e I#P N65o769 Pre;e75 699 co75[email protected] 5o be <er=orme; ;e<5e I#P N65o769 Pre;e75 Ro67 b6ro re765o7. Co7=orm6b9 B5 5e Om7[email protected] Re[email protected]o7 cre657 5e E'[email protected]8e Comm55ee, A55. $ce75e M. *o6 B6 ;e765e; 6 5e E'[email protected]8e Comm55ee C6rm67. I5  <@r@675 5o 5 ;e765o7 67; 5e E'[email protected]8e Comm55ee e7er69 [email protected]o7 565 A55. *o6 ;e765e; 5e Commo7 o7 E9ec5o7 =or 5e e9ec5o7 o= 5e I#P E$P. [email protected]er, Sec5o7 (0 >;? o= 5e I#P #-6B <ro8;e: >;? Secre56r: Te Secre56r 699 655e7; 699 mee57 o= 5e #o6r; o= "o8er7or, 67; ee< 6 recor; o= 699 5e <rocee;7 5ereo=J <re<6re 67; m67567 6 re5er o= 699 member o= 5e I75er65e; #6rJ 7o5= 765o769 o==cer 6 Be99 6 member o= 765o769 comm55ee o= 5er e9ec5o7 or 6<<o75me75J [email protected]e 5o be <re<6re; 5e 7ece6r o==c69 b699o5 =or 5e e9ec5o7 o= "o8er7orJ 67; <er=orm @c o5er ;@5e 6 6re 67e; 5o m b 5ee #-6B, b 5e Pre;e75 67; b 5e #o6r; o= "o8er7or.>U7;ercor7 "o8er7or.>U7;ercor7 @<<9e;? A I#P N65o769 Secre56r, A55. M6room69c m6, 5ere=ore, <ro<er9 <er=orm @c o5er ;@5e 67e; 5o m b 5e I#P N65o769 Pre;e75. T@, A55. $ce75e M. *o6, 6c57 =or 5e I#P E'[email protected]8e Comm55ee>7  c6<6c5 6 5 C6rm67? 67; <@r@675 5o 5e E'[email protected]8e Comm55ee <@r<oe o= e7@r7 565 5e [email protected]o7 o= 5e I#P N65o769 Pre;e75 699 co75[email protected] 5o be <er=orme;, B6 7 6 <o5o7 5o ;e765e 5e I#P N65o769 Secre56r 5o <er=orm 6 ;@5 o5er 567 5oe e'<9c59 6r5[email protected]; 7 5e I#P #-6B. A re6r; 5 c6e, 565 ;@5 B6 5o be 5e ;@5 o= 5e C6rm67 o= 5e Commo7 o7 E9ec5o7. I7 [email protected], 5 B6 7  c6<6c5 6 Commo7 o7 E9ec5o7 C6rm67 565 A55. M6room69c <re;e; o8er 5e co7;@c5 o= 5e e9ec5o7. I7 @m, Be =69 5o ee oB 5e e9ec5o7 [email protected]; 68e bee7 5675e; B5 5e <re;7 o==cer 6b[email protected] 96c o= 7;e<e7;e7ce, m67=e5 b6 67; <re@;ce, <65e75 o595, 67; 7or;765e 65e.)4 65e. )4 &e  &e =7; 7o re6o7 5o 7869;65e 5e e9ec5o7. Te I75er65e; #6r o= 5e P9<<7e 6 9o7 bee7 bee5 b 9e6;er< cre. [email protected] A<r9 11, 2013 Re[email protected]o7 7 A.M. No. 0-(-2-SC 67; A.C. No. )225e 6me c6e =rom Bc 5e @bec5 m655er o= 5 Re[email protected]o7 6roecro7c9e; 5e 9o7, 6crmo7[email protected] 5or o= 5e 9e6;er< o= 5e I75er65e; #6r o= 5e P9<<7e. I5 , 65 5e 8er 9e65, 5r67e 565 5e I75er65e; #6r 6 @==ere; 5ee e<o;e B9e o5er 96Ber or6765o7 68e 7o5. A67, 5  Bor5 B9e 5o co7;er = 5ere 6re o5er me67 o= 75er657 5e member o= 5e #6r

 

695er7658e B6 565 m5 e76b9e 5e I75er65e; #6r 5o 65= 5 obec58e more e==ec58e9, ;emocr65e 5 9e6;er<, 67; m7me 5 7ee; 5o ee 5e 75er8e75o7 o= 5 [email protected] Te 9e6;er< o= [email protected] I75er65e; #6r [email protected]5 =7; 6 be55er B6 o= reo987 5 co7=9c5 o5er 567 e9e8657 5ee m655er 5o 5 [email protected] I5 c677o5 =69 5o oB [email protected]5 7 reo987 5 oB7 co7=9c5. I5 beoo8e 5e member o= 5e 9e69 <ro=eo7 5o 68o; be7 o95[email protected] 565 5e 9oe 5o= 5e <rmor;69 <@b9c 75ere5 565 [email protected]5 be @<e9; 7 e8er c6e 67; co7=9c5 565  r6e; 5o 5e 9e8e9 o= 5 [email protected] O5erBe, 5e I75er65e; #6r o= 5e P9<<7e B99 co75[email protected] 5o 69e765e 5 m6 member< 5[email protected] <o95c69 co75e565o7 565 m6 be 8eBe; 6 <6roc69 [email protected] =rom Bc o79 6 =eB 96Ber be7e=5. I5 B99 be e7er65o7 o= 9e6;er Bo mo;e9 7ee;9e 9565o7 67; B65e; 5me 67; e7er. T  7o5 B65 67 75er65e; b6r o= 6 7ob9e <ro=eo7 [email protected]; be. &!EREFORE, 5e Mo5o7 5o Dec96re ;65e; M6rc 2G, 2013 6 9ltra 'ires or 'ires or I7869; 5e Ure75 Mo5o7 5o De=erRe5r67 Per=orm67ce o= [email protected]e 6 [email protected]or "o8er7or o= I#P Nor5er7 @o7 Reo7;65e; A<r9 22, 201367; 5e $er Ure75 Mo5o7 5o Re5r67 A55. C6@9e =rom $o57 7 5e E$P E9ec5o7 o7 M622, 2013 ;65e; M6 20, 2013=9e; b A55. [email protected] #. Ub67o 6re DENIED =or be7 moo5 67; 6c6;emc. &e DECARE 565 A55. 7;6 C6@9eB6 7;ee; 6 ;e =6c5oo==cer ;@r7 er [email protected] 6 I#P "o8er7or =or Nor5er7 @o7 67; 565 er 6c5 6 ;e =6c5oo==cer[email protected];7er 687 8o5e; 7 5e M6 22, 2013 e9ec5o7=or 5e E'[email protected]8e $ce Pre;e75 o= 5e I75er65e; #6r o= 5e P9<<7e6re 869;, b7;7,67; e==ec58e. Te Ure75 Om7[email protected] Mo5o7 5o >1? [email protected]= 5e E$P E9ec5o7 o7 M6 22, 2013 67; >2? Re5r67 "o8. $ce75e M. *o6 o= [email protected]er7 @o7 Reo7 =rom Dc6r7 5e [email protected]e o= E$PAc57 Pre;e75 @759 5e F769 Re[email protected]o7 o= 5e I@e  DENIED. e5 6 co< o= 5 Re[email protected]o7 be 8e7 5o 5e [email protected]<reme [email protected] O8er5 Comm55ee o7 5e I75er65e; #6r o= 5e P9<<7e reor67e; b 8[email protected] o= Memor67;@m Or;er No. 20-2013 o7 *@7e 13, 2013 =or 5 <ro<er 6;8ce. SO ORDERED. MAR$IC MARIO $ICTOR F. EONEN Aoc65e *@5ce &E CONCUR: MARIA OURDES P.A. SERENO Ce= *@5ce I join J. Velasco's Velasco's Dissenting pinion ANTONIO T. CARPIO Associate Justice

I Dissent! "Please see Dissenting pinion# PRES#ITERO *. $EASCO, *R. Associate Justice

TERESITA *. EONARDO-DE CASTRO Associate Justice

ARTURO D. #RION Associate Justice

DIOSDADO M. PERATA Associate Justice

UCAS P. #ERSAMIN Associate Justice

I join the $issent of J. Velasc Velasco o MARIANO C. DE CASTIO Associate Justice

RO#ERTO A#AD Associate Justice

 

MARTIN S. $IARAMA *R. Associate Justice

*OSE PORTU"A PERE% Associate Justice

*OSE CATRA MENDO%A Associate Justice

#IEN$ENIDO . REYES Associate Justice

ESTEA M. PERAS-#ERNA#E Aoc65e *@5ce

EN #ANC   A.M. No. %&()*C

IN T!E MATTER  OF  OF T!E #RE&IN" CONTRO$ERSIES CONTRO$ERSIE S IN T!E EECTION IN T!E INTE"RATED #AR OF T!E P!IIPPINES,

'--------------------------------------------------'   A.C. No. +)&)

ATTYS. MARCIA M. MA"SINO, MANUE M. MARAM#A 67; NASSER MARO!OMSAIC, Com<967675,

P,esent  CRNA! C.J. C.J.!! CARPI!

   

CARPI MRAE*!

 

VEA*C! JR.!



NAC/0RA! ENARDDE CA*1R!   8 e r  @  

BRIN!





PERA1A! BER*AMIN! DE CA*1I! ABAD! VIARAMA! JR.!  

PERE2! MEND2A an$

 

*EREN! JJ . *EREN! JJ 

  ATTYS. RO"EIO A. $INUAN, A#EARDO C. ESTRADA, #ONIFACIO T. #ARANDON, *R., E$ER"ISTO S. ESCAON 67; RAYMUND *OR"E RAYMUND *OR"E A. MERCADO,  

Re<o7;e75. P,o3ulgate$-

  December 14, 2010  

*

*

 

 

4- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - '   RESOUT ION

CORONA, C.J. C.J.:: 

1his ,esol5es the abo5e 3atte, in5ol5ing the lea$e,ship cont,o5e,s6 at the Integ,ate$ Ba, of the Philippine Phili ppines s "IBP# "IBP# an$ the a$3inist,a a$3inist,ati5e ti5e case that 7as file$ against against so3e of the high,an8ing high,an8ing office,s office,s   of  the IBP on account the,eof.   I. I. Antecedents  Antecedents   an n En Banc Re Resol soluti ution on $ate$ $ate$ Jun June e )! )%%& )%%& c, c,eat eate$ e$ a *p *peci ecial al "In "In5e 5esti stigat gating ing## 1he Cou,t  Cou,t  in a Co33ittee9:9; to loo8 into the <<b,e7ing b,e7ing cont,o5e,sies  cont,o5e,sies in the IBP elections! specificall6 in the elections of  ViceP,esi$ent fo, the =,eate, Manila Region an$ E4ecuti5e ViceP,esi$ent of the IBP itself 444 an$ an6 othe, election cont,o5e,s6 in5ol5ing othe, chapte,s of the IBP! if an6>! that inclu$es as 7ell the election of  the =o5e,no,s fo, ?este,n Min$anao an$ ?este,n Visa6as.   [email protected]!! the *pecial Co33ittee calle$ the IBP office,s in5ol5e$ [email protected] office,s in5ol5e$ to a p,eli3ina,6 confe,ence on June 9%! )%%&. ?ith ,espect the,eto! Att6. Rogelio A. Vinluan then sub3itte$ a P,eli3ina,6 Confe,ence B,ief on the sa3e $a6. Du,ing the confe,ence it 7as $ete,3ine$ that the in5estigation 7oul$ focus on the follo7ing follo7ing issues  issues o, cont,o5e,sies cont,o5e,sies-  9. ?hat is ?hat is the co,,ect inte,p,etation of *ection 9! A,ticle V of the IBP B6a7s 7hich p,o5i$es 

1

 

 <*EC. 9. Me Memb mber er < <..  1he 1he 3e3be, 3e3be,sh ship ip "of Del Delega egates tes## shall shall consist of all the Chapte, P,esi$ents an$! in the case of Chapte,s entitle$ to 3o,e than one Delegate each! the ViceP,esi$ents of the Chapte,s an$ such a$$itional Delegates as the Chapte,s a,e entitle$ to. 0nless the ViceP,esi$ent is al,ea$6 a Delegate! he shall be an alte,nate Delegate. A$$itional Delegates an$ alte,nates shall in p,ope, cases be electe$ b6 the Boa,$ of ffice,s of the Chapte,. Me3be,s of the Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s 7ho a,e not Delegates shall be 3e3be,s ex officio of the /ouse! 7ithout the ,ight to 5ote.>    ). ?ho 7as 5ali$l6 electe$ =o5e,no, fo, the =,eate, Manila Region   . ?ho 7as 5ali$l6 electe$ =o5e,no, fo, ?este,n Visa6as Region Region   . ?ho 7as 5ali$l6 electe$ =o5e,no, fo, ?este,n Min$anao ?este,n Min$anao Region   (. ?ho 7as 5ali$l6 electe$ IBP E4ecuti5e Vice P,esi$ent fo, the ne4t te,3   . ?hat is the liabilit6! if an6! of ,espon$ent Att6. Rogelio A. Vinluan un$e, the a$3inist,ati5e co3plaint fo, <g,a5e p,ofessional 3iscon$uct! 5iolation of atto,ne6Fs oath! an$ acts ini3ical to the IBP> file$ against hi3 b6 Att6s. Ma,cial Magsino! Manuel Ma,a3ba an$ Nasse, Ma,oho3salic  

Mean7hile! a *upple3ental Co3plaint $ate$ June 99! )%%& 7as ,ecei5e$ f,o3 Att6s. Magsino! Ma,a3ba an$ Ma,oho3salic ,ega,$ing the ea,lie, co3plaint that the6 file$ last Ma6 )9! )%%& against Att6 Att6.. Vinluan.   As such! then IBP P,esi$ent Geliciano M. Bautista an$ then E4ecuti5e Vice P,esi$ent "EVP# Vinluan ag,ee$ ag,e e$ to sub3 sub3it it thei, ,especti5e ,especti5e position pape,s on the abo5 abo5e e issu issues es an$ cont,o5e,si cont,o5e,sies. es. Also! Att6. Att6. Vinluan 7as ,[email protected],e$ to file his ans7e, to the a$3inist,ati5e co3plaint against hi3.   A Position Pape, $ate$ June 9(! )%%& 7as then ,ecei5e$ f,o3 Att6. Vinluan. Att6s. Elpi$io =. *o,iano! III an$ E,7in M. Go,tunato also file$ thei, Position Pape,s both $ate$ June 9(! )%%&. It appea,s that an ea,lie, Position Pape, also $ate$ June 9(! )%%& 7as sub3itte$ b6 Att6. Benja3 Benja3in in B. anto.   Go, thei, pa,t! Att6s. Bautista! Ma,a3ba an$ Magsino file$ thei, Position Pape, $ate$ June 9! )%%&. Inci$entall6! in a Manifestation li8e7ise $ate$ June 9! )%%& Att6s. Bautista! Ma,a3ba an$ Ma,cial M. Magsino sub3itte$ the sa3e pape, but al,ea$6 bea,ing the signatu,e of Att6. Bautista.

 

 

At Att6 t6.. Nass Nasse, e, A. Ma,o Ma,oho ho3s 3sal alic ic su sub3 b3it itte te$ $ hi his s Posi Positi tion on Pa Pape pe,, $ate $ate$ $ June June 9H 9H!! )%%& )%%&..

1he 1he

*pec *pecia iall

Co33ittee! in the cou,se of its in5estigation! fu,the, ,ecei5e$ a let lette, te, $ate$ June ))! )%%& f,o3 Att6. Ale4 . Macala7i! P,esi$ent of the IBP anao $el *u, Chapte,.   As to the a$3inist,ati5e case file$ against hi3! Att6. Vinluan! as ,espon$ent! file$ his Co33ent $ate$ June 9(! )%%&. In tu,n! Att6s. Magsino! Ma,a3ba an$ Ma,oho3salic! as co3plainants! sub3itte$ thei, Repl6 $ate$ June )! )%%&.   1he *pecial Co33ittee then sub3itte$ a Repo,t an$ Reco33en$ation $ate$ Jul6 &! )%%& the $ispositi5e po,tion of 7hich ,ea$ as follo7s  A. 1hat 1hat to a5oi a5oi$ $ fu fu,t ,the he,, co cont nt,o ,o5e 5e,s ,s6 6 ,e ,ega ga,$ ,$in ing g its its p, p,op ope, e, inte inte,p ,p,e ,eta tati tion on an$ an$ i3ple3entation! *ec. 9! A,ticle V! of the B6a7s shoul$ be a3en$e$ as follo7s "suggeste$ a3en$3ents a,e in bol$ p,int#   <*EC. 9. Member<.  1he 3e3be,ship of the /ouse of Delegates shall consist of all the Chapte, P,esi$ents an$ in the case of Chapte,s entitle$ to 3o",#e than on"e# Delegate each! the Vice P,esi$ent of the Chapte,s an$ such a$$itional Delegates as the Chapte,s a,e entitle$ to. 0nless the Vice P,esi$ent is al,ea$6 "a# $elegate! he shall be an alte,n alt e,nate ate Del Delega egate. te. A;; A;;5o769 5o769 De9e65e De9e65e 67; 5er 5er re< re<ec58 ec58e e 695er765e 695er765e 699 be e9ec5e; =rom, 67; b, 5e #o6r; o= O==cer o= 5e C6<5er. I= 5e De9e65e coe7  7c6<6c565e;, or ;[email protected]=e;, or re7, or [email protected]e 5o er8e, 67; 5ere 6re [email protected] e7o @ memb member er o= 5e #o6r; 5o be e9ec5e e9ec5e; ; 6 De9e De9e65 65e, e, 5e7 5e #o6r; #o6r; o=  O==ce O== cer r 699 699 e9ec5 e9ec5 5e 6;;5 6;;5o76 o7699 ;e9e6 ;e9e65e 5e 67; 695 695er7 er765e 65e  =rom =rom 5e e7 e7er6 er699 member< o= 5e C6<5er, 67;  corre<o7;7 695er765e 699 56e  <96ce.   B. 1hat to a5oi$ an6 a3biguit6 as to ho7 the P,esi$ent shall p,esi$e an$ 5ote in 3eetings of the /ouse of Delegates! pa,ag,aph "g#! *ec. ! A,ticle V of the t he B6a7s shoul$ be a3en$e$ as follo7s   <"g# In all 3eetings an$ $elibe,ations of the /ouse! 7hethe, in annual o, special co con5 n5en enti tion on!! the the P,es P,esi$ i$en entt shal shalll p, p,es esi$ i$e! e! or 5e 5e E' E'ec [email protected] @58 8e e $ce $ce Pr Pre e; ;e7 e75, 5, = 5e 5e Pre;e75  6be75 or 7c6<6c565e;, [email protected] 7e5er o= 5em 699 8o5e e'ce<5 5o bre6 6 5e.   C. *i *i3i 3ila la,l ,l6 6! *e *ec. c. ) )!! A, A,tic ticle le VI of th the e B6 B6 a7 a7s! s! on 3e 3eet etin ings gs of th the e Boa, Boa,$ $ of  =o5e,no,s! shoul$ be a3en$e$ to ,ea$ as follo7s   <*ec. ). Meetings. Meetings.     1he Boa,$ shall 3eet ,egula,l6 once a 3onth! on such $ate an$ such ti3e an$ place as it shall $esignate. *pecial 3eetings 3a6 be calle$ b6 the P,esi$ent! an$ shall be calle$ b6 hi3 upon the 7,itten ,[email protected] of fi5e "(# 3e3be,s of the Boa,$. Te Pre;e75 699 7o5 8o5e e'ce<5 5o bre6 6 5e 7 5e 8o57. &e7 =or 67 re6o7, 5e Pre;e75 c677o5 <re;e o7 [email protected] o=  6be7ce, 7c6<6c5, or [email protected]69 5o c699 6 mee57, 5e E'[email protected]8e $ce Pre;e75 699 <re;e, 5ere be7 6 [email protected]@m 5o 5r676c5 [email protected]7e, [email protected] e m6 7o5 8o5e e'ce<5 5o bre6 6 5e.  

 

D. 1hat *ec. *ec. ! A,ti A,ticle cle VI of the B6a7 B6a7s! s! on the p,oc p,oce$u e$u,e ,e fo, app,o5 app,o5ing ing a ,esolution b6 the Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s 7ithout a 3eeting! shoul$ be a3en$e$ b6 a$$ing the follo7ing e4ception the,eto so that the p,oce$u,e 3a6 not be abuse$ in connection 7ith an6 election in the IBP   <T  <T <ro8o7 699 7o5 6<<9 Be7 5e #o6r; 699 o9; 67 e9ec5o7 or e6r 67; ;ec;e 67 e9ec5o7 <ro5e5.   E. 1hat the p,o5ision fo, the st,ict i3ple3entation of the ,otation ,ule a3ong the Chapte,s in the Regions fo, the election of the =o5e,no, fo, the ,egions! "as o,$e,e$ b6 this /ono,able Cou,t in Ba, Matte, No. (+! Ma6 9! 9&&9# shoul$ be inco,po,ate$ in *ec. &! A,ticle VI of the B6a7s! as follo7s   <*ec. &. o/in o/inatio ation n and election of the overno overnors. rs.  At least one "9# 3onth befo,e the national con5ention the $elegates f,o3 each ,egion shall elect the =o5e,no, fo, th thei ei,, ,e ,egi gion on!! Bo 699 be c coe oe7 7 b ro565 ro565o7 o7 Bc  m67 m67;65 ;65or or 67; 6 699 99 be 5rc59 m<9eme75e; 6mo7 5e C6<5er 7 5e reo7. &e7 6 C6<5er B68e 5 [email protected] 7 5e ro565o7 or;er, 5 <96ce 699 re;[email protected]; 5o 5e 7e'5 C6<5er 7 5e 97e. Ne8er5e9e, 5e =ormer m6 rec96m 5 r5 5o 5e "o8er7or< 65 67 5me be=ore 5e ro565o7  com<9e5e;J o5erBe, 5 B99 68e 5o B65 =or 5 [email protected] 7 5e 7e'5 [email protected];, 7 5e 6me <96ce 565 5 6; 7 5e [email protected]; com<9e5e;.   G. 1hat 5ie7 of auto3aticall6 the fact that succee$s the IBP no longe, electsatits P,esi$ent! the E4ecuti5e Vice in P,esi$ent the P,esi$ent the en$ of hisbecause te,3! *ec. H! A,ticle VII of the B6a7s shoul$ be a3en$e$ b6 $eleting the p,o5ision fo, the election of the P,esi$ent. Mo,eo5e,! Mo,eo5e,! fo, the st,ict i3ple3entation of the ,otation ,ule! the Co33ittee ,eco33en$s that the,e shoul$ be a sanction fo, its 5iolation! thus   <*ec. H. Natio National nal Officers. Officers.  1he Integ,ate$ Ba, of the Philippines shall ha5e a P,esi$ent! an E4ecuti5e Vice P,esi$ent! 67; 77e >? reo769 "o8er7or. Te E'[email protected]8e $ce Pre;e75 699 be e9ec5e; o7 6 5rc5 ro565o7 b6 b 5e #o6r; o= "o8er7or =rom 6mo7 5eme98e, b 5e 8o5e o= 65 9e65 =8e >(? "o8er7or. 1he =o5e,no,s shall be ex officio Vice P,esi$ent fo, thei, ,especti5e ,egions. 1he,e shall also be a *ec,eta,6 an$ 1,easu,e, of the Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s.   Te T e 8 8o9 o965 65o o7 7 o= 5 5e e ro56 ro565 5o7 o7 [email protected] [email protected] 9e 7 67 67  e9ec e9ec5 5o7 o7 69 6999 be <e769 <e7 69e; e; b [email protected] [email protected] e75 o= 5e e9ec5 e9ec5o7 o7 67; ; ;[email protected] [email protected]= 9=c6 c65o 5o7 7 o= 5e o==e7;er =rom e9ec5o7 or 6<<o75me75 5o 67 o==ce 7 5e I#P.   =. 1hat Att6. Manuel M. Ma,a3ba shoul$ be $ecla,e$ the $ul6 electe$ =o5e,no, of  the =,eate, Manila Region fo, the )%%&)%99 te,3.   /. 1hat Att6. E,7in Go,tunato of the Ro3blon Chapte, shoul$ be $ecla,e$ the $ul6 electe$ =o5e,no, of the ?este,n Visa6as Region fo, the )%%&)%99 te,3.   I. 1hat a special election shoul$ be hel$ in the ?este,n Min$anao Region! 7ithin fifteen "9(# $a6s f,o3 notice! to elect the =o5e,no, of that ,egion fo, the )%%&)%99 te,3. In acco,$ance 7ith the ,otation ,ule! onl6 the si4 "# Chapte,s in the ,egion that ha5e not 6et been electe$ to the Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s! na3el6- 2a3boanga *ibuga6! 2a3boanga $el No,te!! 2a"3#boa No,te 2a"3#boanga nga $el *u,! *u,! anao $el No,te! No,te! Misa3is Misa3is cci$ental cci$ental!! an$ Magu Maguin$an in$anao ao Cotabato Cit6! shall shall pa,ticipate in the election.  

 

J. 1hat! the,eafte,! a special election shoul$ also be hel$ b6 the Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s to elect the E4ecuti5e Vice P,esi$ent fo, the )%%&)%99 te,3 7ith st,ict obse,5ance of the ,otation ,ule. Inas3uch as fo, the past nine "&# te,3s! i.e.! since the 9&&99&& te,3! the no3inees of the ?este,n Visa6as an$ Easte,n Min$anao Regions ha5e not 6et been electe$ E4ecuti5e Vice P,esi$ent of the IBP! the special election shall choose onl6 bet7een the no3inees of these t7o ")# ,egions 7ho shall beco3e the E4ecuti5e Vice P,esi$ent fo, the )%%&)%99 te,3! in acco,$ance 7ith the st,ict ,otation ,ule.   . 1hat the highhan$e$ an$ $i5isi5e tactics of Att6. Rogelio A. Vinluan an$ his g,oup of =o5e,no,s! Abela,$o Est,a$a! Bonifacio Ba,an$on! J,.! E5e,gisto Escalon! an$ Ra63un$ Me,ca$o! 7hich $is,upte$ the peaceful an$ o,$e,l6 flo7 of business in the IBP! IBP! caus cause$ e$ chaos in the National ffice! bitte, $isag,ee3ents! an$ illfeelings! an$ al3ost $isinteg,ate$ the Integ,ate$ Ba,! constitute$ g,a5e p,ofessional 3iscon$uct 7hich shoul$ be app,op,iatel6 sanctione$ to $iscou,age its ,epetition in the futu,e.

II. Findings of the Special Committee   In its Repo,t an$ Reco33en$ation $ate$ Jul6 &! )%%&! the *pecial Co33ittee $isclose$ 7hen it 7as $iscussing the Boa,$ of ffice,s of each chapte, that  1he go5e,n3ent of a Chapte, is 5este$ in its Board of ;fficers co3pose$ of nine "&# office,s! office,s! na3el6na3el6- the P,es P,esi$ent! i$ent! ViceP,e ViceP,esi$en si$ent! t! *ec,eta,6 *ec,eta,6!! 1,e ,easu, asu,e, e,!! an$ fi5e "(# Di,ecto,s 7ho shall be electe$ b6 the 3e3be,s of the Chapte, at the biennial 3eeting on the last *atu,$a6 of Geb,ua,6! an$ an$ shall hol$ office fo, a te,3 of t7o ")# 6ea,s f,o3 the fi,st $a6 of Ap,il follo7ing thei, election an$ until thei, successo,s shall ha5e been $ul6 chosen an$ @ualifie$. Go, the )%%&)%99 te,3! the election of Chapte, office,s 7as hel$ on Geb,ua,6 )+! )%%&.   In 9&+ up to 9&&(! the ueKon Cit6 Chapte, electe$ the usual nine "&# office,s to its Boa,$ of ffice,s an$ the6 7e,e all $elegates to the /ouse of Delegates. Beginning 7ith the 9&&H9&&& te,3! 7hen it a$$e$ a Public Relations ffice, "P.R..# an$ Au$ito, to its Boa,$ of ffice,s! the nu3be, of $elegates allotte$ to the Chapte, 7as also inc,ease$ to ele5en "99## li8e "99 li8e the 3e3be, 3e3be,shi ship p in its Boa,$ Boa,$ of ffice ffice,s! ,s! pu,sua pu,suant nt to a ,eappo ,eappo,ti ,tion3 on3ent ent of  $elegates b6 the Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s un$e, *ec. %! A,t. V of the B6a7s.   0p to the )%%H)%%& te,3! all the office,s of the C Chapte, 7e,e also the Chapte,Fs $elegates to the /ouse of Delegates. Att6. Victo,ia oanKon 7ho has been an office, of the Chapte, in 5a,ious capacities since )%%! li8e he, fello7 office,s in the Boa,$! auto3aticall6 beca3e a $elegate since )%% up to this ti3e.   Go, the )%%&)%99 te,3! the Boa,$ of ffice,s of the IBPC Chapte, that assu3e$ office on Ap,il 9! )%%&! is co3pose$ of si4 "# office,s an$ "(# $i,ecto,s! na3el6  P,esi$ent           1,[email protected] *al5a$o, III Vice P,esi$ent       Jonas Cabochan *ec,eta,6           Ch,istian Ge,nan$eK 1,easu,e,           Victo,ia oanKon Au$ito,            =inge, Anne Castillo P.R..             E,nesto 1abuja,a III

Di,ecto,            Annalou Nachu,a

 

Di,ecto, Di,ecto, Di,ecto, Di,ecto,

   

   

   

   

   

   

   

   

   

Melo$6 *a3paga G,ancois Ri5e,a Ri5e,a Joseph Ce,eKo Ma,ita I,is [email protected]

  It is i3po,tant to be an office, of oneFs Chapte, an$ a $elegate to the /ouse of  Delegates! because a $elegate gets to elect the =o5e,no, fo, the Region "7hich 3ust ,otate a3ong the Chapte,s in the ,egion#. 1he =o5e,no, of the Region beco3es a 3e3be, of the Boa,$ Boa ,$ of =o5 =o5e,n e,no,s o,s!! an$ gets to elect! elect! o, be electe electe$! $! as the ne4t IBP E4ec E4ecuti uti5e 5e Vic Vice e P,esi$ent 7ho auto3aticall6 beco3es P,esi$ent fo, the ne4t succee$ing te,3 "7hich 3ust )

also ,otate a3ong the Regions#. :);  

1he *pecial Co33ittee then pointe$ out that 7ith ,espect to the IBP Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s this consists of   <nine "&# =o5e,no,s f,o3 the nine "&# Regions. ne "9# =o5e,no, fo, each Region shall be electe$ b6 the 3e3be,s of the /ouse of Delegates f,o3 that ,egion onl6. 1he =o5e,no,s! the P,esi$ent an$ the E4ecuti5e ViceP,esi$ent shall hol$ office fo, a te,3 of t7o ")# 6ea,s f,o3 Jul6 9 i33e$iatel6 follo7ing thei, election! up to June % of thei, secon$ 6ea, in office an$ until thei, successo,s shall ha5e been $ul6 chosen an$ @ualifie$.>> It 7as fu,the, a$$e$ b6 the Co33ittee [email protected]$.   At least one "9# 3onth befo,e the national con5ention! the $elegates f,o3 each Region shall elect the =o5e,no, fo, thei, ,egion. 1he IBP B6a7s p,o5i$e that <sta,ting in 9&&9 9&& 9&&( &&(!! the p,inc p,incipl iple e on ro5 ro565 65o7 o7 699 699 be 5rc5 5rc59 9 m<9eme m<9eme75e 75e; ; so that all p,io, elections fo, =o5e,no, in the ,egion shall be ,ec8one$ 7ith o, consi$e,e$ in $ete,3ining 7ho shoul$ be =o5e,no, to be selecte$ f,o3 the $iffe,ent chapte,s to ,ep,esent the ,egion in the Boa,$ Boa ,$ of =o5 =o5e,n e,no, o,s. s. /ence! /ence! the go5 go5e,n e,no,s o,ship hip of the ,egio ,egion n shall shall ro5 ro565e 65e 6mo 6mo7 7 5e c6<5er in the ,egion. 1he =o5e,no,sel =o5e,no,select ect shall! b6 a 5ote of at least fi5e "(#! choose an E4ec E4ecuti5 uti5e e Vice P,esi$ent! P,es i$ent! 4 4 4 eithe, f,o3 f,o3 a3ong the3sel5es the3sel5es o, f,o3 othe, 3e3b 3e3be,s e,s of the Integ,ate$ Integ,ate$ Ba,.. Te E'ec Ba, E'[email protected]8e @58e $ce-Pre;e7 $ce-Pre;e755 699 [email protected]c699 [email protected]c699 becom become e Pre Pre;e75 ;e75 =or 5e 7e'5 @ccee;7 5erm. Te Pre;e7c 699 ro565e 6mo7 5e 77e >? Reo7.3:;   Acco,$ing to the Co33ittee! the <,otation of the position of =o5e,no, of a ,egion a3ong the Chapte,s 7as o,$e,e$ b6 the *up,e3e Cou,t in its Resolution $ate$ Ma6 9! 9&&9 in Ba, Matte, No. (+ "Cla,ification Re- Ba, Matte, No. &9! Att6. Ro3ulo 1. Capulong petitione,#>. ?ith ,espect the,eto! it 7as ,e5eale$ that  Pu,suant to the p,inciple of ,otation! the go5e,no,ship of a ,egion shall ,otate once in as 3an6 te,3s as the nu3be, of chapte,s the,e a,e in the ,egion! to gi5e e5e,6 chapte, a chance to ,ep,esent the ,egion in the Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s. 1hus! in a ,egion co3pose$ of ( 2

3

 

chapte,s! each chapte, is entitle$ to the go5e,no,ship once in e5e,6 ( te,3s! o, once e5e,6 ten "9%# 6ea,s! since a te,3 is t7o ")# 6ea,s.   1he ,eco,$ of the National IBP *ec,eta,iat sho7s that $u,ing the past fi5e "(# te,3s! f,o3 9&&& up to )%%&! the =MR "=,eate, Manila Region# go5e,no,ship 7as occupie$ b6 the fi5e "(# chapte,s of the ,egion as follo7s  9&&&)%%9  Jose P. Icaonapo  Manila III   )%%9)% )%%9)%% %  *antos V. V. Catuba6! J,.  ueKonCit6   )%%)%%(  Rosa,io *etiasRe6es *etiasRe6es   Manila II   )%%()%%H  Alicia A. R RisosVi$a isosVi$all   Manila Manila I   )%%H)%%&  Ma,cial M. Magsino Magsino   Manila IV   In the ne4t ,oun$! 7hich sta,ts 7ith the )%%&)%99 te,3! the sa3e o,$e, of ,otation shoul$ be follo7e$ b6 the fi5e "(# chapte,s! i.e.! Manila III shall begin the ,oun$! to be follo7e$ follo 7e$ b6 ueKon ueKon Cit6 fo, )%99)%9 )%99)%9 te,3! Manila fo, the )%9)%9( )%9)%9( te,3! Manila I fo, the )%9()%9H te,3! an$ Manila IV fo, the )%9H)%9& te,3.   In the ?este,n Visa6as Region 7hich is co3pose$ of ten "9%# chapte,s! each chapte, is entitle$ to ,ep,esent the go5e,no,ship of the ,egion once e5e,6 ten "9%# te,3s. 1he fi,st chapte, to occup6 the go5e,no,ship! 3ust 7ait fo, the nine "&# othe, chapte,s to se,5e thei, ,especti5e te,3s! befo,e it 3a6 ha5e its tu,n again as =o5e,no, of the ,egion.   1he sa3e ,ule applies to the ?este,n Min$anao Region 7hich is co3pose$ of t7el5e "9)# chapte,s.   n Ap,il )(! )%%&! the election of =o5e,no,s fo, the nine "&# IBP ,egions p,ocee$e$ as sche$ule$! p,esi$e$ o5e, b6 thei, ,especti5e outgoing =o5e,no,. =o5e,no,.:;

It 7as then cite$ b6 the *pecial Co33ittee that <*ec. H! A,t. VII of the B6a7s! as a3en$e$ b6 Ba, Matte, &9! ct. ! 9&+&! p,o5i$es that the E4ecuti5e Vice P,esi$ent shall be chosen b6 the Boa,$ of  =o5e,no,s f,o3 a3ong the nine "&# ,egional go5e,no,s. 1he E4ecuti5e Vice P,esi$ent shall auto3aticall6 beco3e P,esi$ent fo, the ne4t succee$ing te,3. 1he P,esi$enc6 shall ,otate a3ong the nine Regions.>  Gu,the,! the Co33ittee a5e,,e$ that  1he list of national p,esi$ents p,esi$ents fu,nishe$ fu,nishe$ the *pecial Co33ittee Co33ittee b6 the IBP Natio National nal *ec,eta,iat! sho7s that the go5e,no,s of the follo7ing ,egions 7e,e P,esi$ent of the IBP $u,ing the past nine "&# te,3s "9&&9)%%&#  Nu3e,iano 1anopo! J,. "Pangasinan#  Cent,al uKon  9&&99&& Me,5in =. Encanto "ueKon Cit6#  Manila   9&&9&&( Raul R. Angangco "Ma8ati#  *outhe,n uKon  9&&(9&&H Jose Aguila =,apilon "Bili,an#  Easte,n Visa6as  9&&H9&&& A,thu, D. i3 "2a3basulta#  ?este,n Min$anao9&&&)%%9 4

 

1eofilo *. Pilan$o! J,. "alingaApa6ao#No,the,n uKon  )%%9)%% Jose Ansel3o I. Ca$iK "Ca3a,ines *u,# Bicolan$ia   )%%)%%( Jose Ansel3o I. Ca$iK "Ca3a,ines *u,# Bicolan$ia )%%(Aug )%% Jose Vicente B. *alaKa, "Alba6#  Bicolan$ia  Aug. )%%)%%H Geliciano M. Bautista "Pangasinan#  Cent,al uKon  )%%H)%%&

nl6 the go5e,no,s of the ?este,n Visa6as an$ Easte,n Min$anao ,egions ha5e not 6et ha$ thei, tu,n as E4ecuti5e Vice P,esi$ent cum ne4t IBP P,esi$ent! 7hile Cent,al uKon an$ Bicolan$ia ha5e ha$ t7o ")# te,3s al,ea$6.   1he,efo,e! eithe, the go5e,no, of the ?este,n Visa6as Visa6as Region! o, the go5e,no, of the Easte,n Min$anao Region shoul$ be electe$ as E4ecuti5e ViceP,esi$ent fo, the )%%&)%99 te,3. 1he one 7ho is not chosen fo, this te,3! shall ha5e his tu,n in the ne4t ")%99)%9# te,3. Afte,7a,$s! anothe, ,otation shall co33ence 7ith =,eate, Manila in the lea$! follo7e$ b6 *outhe,n uKon!  uKon! Easte,n Visa6as! ?este,n Min$anao! No,the,n uKon! Bicolan$ia! Cent,al uKon! an$ eithe, ?este,n Visa6as o, Easte,n Min$anao at the en$ of the ,oun$.(:(;

1he Co33ittee then $isclose$ that the cont,o5e,sies in5ol5e$ he,ein an$ shoul$ be ,esol5e$ a,e the follo7 follo7ing ing-- "I# the $isput $ispute e conce conce,ni ,ning ng a$$iti a$$itiona onall $elega $elegates tes of the C Chapte Chapte,, to the /ouse of  DelegatesL "II# the election of the =o5e,no, fo, the =,eate, Manila Region "=MR#L "III# the election of  =o5e,no, fo, the ?este,n Visa6as RegionL RegionL "IV# the election of =o5e,no, fo, the ?este,n Min$anao Region RegionLL "V# the ,esolution of the election p,otestsL "VI# the election of the IBP E4ecuti5e Vice P,esi$ent fo, the )%%&)%99 te,3L an$! "VII# the a$3inist,ati5e a$3inist,ati5e co3plaint against EVP Rogelio Vinluan.   In a$$ a$$,es ,essin sing g the abo5e abo5e cont, cont,o5 o5e,s e,sies ies!! the Co33i Co33itte ttee e a, a,,i5 ,i5e$ e$ at the follo7 follo7ing ing fin fin$in $ings gs an an$ $ conclusionsI. Te 9e7ce o= Sec. 31, Ar5. $ o= 5e I#P #-6B o7 Bo m6 be e9ec5e; 6 6;;5o769 ;e9e65e 67; 695er765e b 5e rem677 member o= 5e #o6r; o=  O==cer O==ce r o= 5e C6<5er C6<5er 7hen the Chapte, is entitle$ to 3o,e than t7o ")# $elegates to the /ouse of Delegates! is the ,oot cause of the conflicting ,esolutions of the Bautista an$ Vinluan factions on the p,ope, inte,p,etation of the afo,e3entione$ p,o5ision of the B6 a7s.   Acco,$ing to the Resolution No. VIII)%%& $ate$ Ap,il 9H! )%%& of the Bautista =,oup! <the a$$itional $elegates shall be electe$ b6 the Boa,$ of ffice,s of the Chapte, onl6 from from amon among g th the e rema remain inin ing g duly duly el elec ecte ted d of offi fice cers rs and and me memb mber ers s of th the e Boar Board d in consi$e,ation consi$e,atio n of thei, 3an$ate f,o3 the gene,al 3e3be,ship.   Acco,$ing to the Resolution No. VIII)%%& "*pecial) Ap,il )%%&# of the Vinluan =,oup! <the election of the a$$itional $elegates fo, the Chapte,s entitle$ to 3o,e than t7o ")# $elegate $elegates s sha shall ll be ele electe cte$ $ b6 the Boa,$ Boa,$ of ffice ffice,s ,s of the Chap Chapte, te, from among the 5

 

general membership !ho are in good standing to include the remaining duly elected officers and members of the Board.>  Board.>    1he Co33ittee fin$s the @ualification int,o$uce$ b6 Resolution No. VIII)%%&   <565  <565 5e 6;;5o769 ;e9e65e 67; 695er765e [email protected]5 be e9ec5e; =rom 6mo7 5e rem677 o==cer o= 5e C6<5er  to be consistent 7ith the p,ece$ent set b6 *ection 9 itself in appointing member o= 5e #o6r; o= O==cer, na3el6! "a# the p,esi$ent of the Chapte, as the $elegate! an$ the 5ice p,esi$ent as the alte,nate! o, secon$! $elegate to the /ouse of Delegates! 7hen the Chapte, is entitle$ to t7o ")# $elegates. 1he,e is a 3anifest intention in *ec. 9! A,t. V of the B6a7s to ,ese,5e 3e3be,ship in the /ouse of Delegates "7hich is the $elibe,ati5e bo$6 of the IBP# fo, the electe$ office,s of the Chapte, since the6 ha5e al,ea$6 ,ecei5e$ the 3an$ate of the gene,al 3e3be,ship of the Chapte,. Chapte,.   Go, the past fou, "# te,3s ")%%)%99#! Att6. oanKon has been an office, an$ $elegate of the C Chapte, to the /ouse of Delegates! until the Vinluan =,oup int,o$uce$ its o7n inte,p,etation of the afo,e3entione$ p,o5ision of the B6a7s an$ electe$ nonoffice,s of the Chapte, as $elegates to the /ouse of Delegates in lieu of he,self an$ Att6 Att6.. [email protected]   ?e fin$ the Vinluan =,oupFs inte,p,etation of *ec. 9! A,t. V! of the B6a7s in Resolution No. VIII)%%& "*pecial  ) Ap,il )%%&# to be in e,,o, an$ $e5oi$ of ,ational an$ histo,ical bases.   II. A55. $c5or6 o67o7 67; M6r5e [email protected] Bere <ro<er9 reco7e; 6 ;e9e6 ;e9 e65e 5e o= 5e /C C6<5 C6<5er er b6 the P,esi$ing ffice,! =MR =o5e,no, Ma,cial Magsino! $u,ing the election on Ap,il )(! )%%& of the =o5e,no, fo, the =,eate, Manila Region! in acco,$ance 7ith the gui$eline in Resolution No. VIII)%%&.   1he a,gu3ent of the CChapte, P,esi$ent 1,[email protected] *al5a$o,! that Att6s. oanKon an$ [email protected] 7e,e not $elegates because the6 7e,e not electe$ b6 the CBoa,$ of ffice,s! is not 7ell ta8en.   *ec. 9! A,t. V of the B6a7s p,o5 p,o5i$es i$es that <A$$itional Delegates an$ alte,nates shall 7 <ro<er c6e be electe$  <A$$itional b6 the Boa,$ of ffice,s of the Chapte,.>    1he C Chapte, is not a <p,ope, case> fo, the election of a$$itional $elegates b6 the Boa,$ of ffice,s because the Chapte, is entitle$ to the sa3e nu3be, of $elegates "99# to the /ouse! as the nu3b nu3be, e, of office,s office,s in its Boa,$ of ffice,s. Its office,s a,e ipso facto the Chapte,Fs $elegates to the /ouse. 1he,e is no nee$ fo, the Boa,$ of ffice,s to con$uct an election.   A <p,ope, case> fo, the election of a$$itional $elegates an$ alte,nates b6 the Boa,$ of ffice,s occu,s 7hen the nu3be, of a$$itional $elegates an$ alte,nates fo, the Chapte, is less than the 3e3be,s of the Boa,$ of ffice,s! fo,! then! the Boa,$ of ffice,s 3ust select! an$ elect! 7ho a3ong the3sel5es shoul$ be the a$$itional $elegates an$ alte,nates of the Chapte, to the /ouse of Delegates. 1hat has ne5e, been the case of the C Chapte,.   II III. I. A55 A55.. [email protected] [email protected] e9 M6r6 M6r6mb mb6 6 >M67 >M679 96 6 II III I C6< C6<5e 5er? r? B6 B6  869; 869;9 9 e9ec5 e9ec5e; e; 6 "MR  "MR  "o8er7or =or 5e 200-2011 5erm, not onl6 because he out5ote$ his ,i5al! Att6. Elpi$io *o,iano "ueKon Cit6 Chapte,#! but also because un$e, the p,inciple of ,otation of the go5e,no,ship "Ba, Matte, No. (+! Ma6 9! 9&&9# since the fi5e "(# chapte,s of the =,eate, Manila Region ha5e all ,ep,esente$ the ,egion in the Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s $u,ing the past fi5e "(# te,3s! in the follo7ing o,$e,  9&&&)%%9  Manila III  Jose P. Icaonapo )%%9)%%  ueKon Cit6  *antos V. Catuba6! J,. )%%)%%(  Manila II  Rosa,io *etiasRe6es

)%%()%%H  Manila I   Alicia A. RisosVi$al RisosVi$al

 

)%%H)%%&  Manila IV  Ma,cial M. Magsino   it is no7 the tu,n of the ,ep,esentati5e of the Manila III Chapte, to sit again in the Boa,$ of  =o5e =o 5e,n ,no, o,s s fo fo,, th the e ne ne4t 4t ,o ,oun un$ $ 7hic 7hich h begi begins ns in th the e )% )%%& %&) )%9 %99 9 te te,3 ,3.. 1he 1he Ma Mani nila la II IIII ,ep,esentati5e! Att6. Manuel M. Ma,a3ba! has e5e,6 ,ight to the position not onl6 because he 7on the election 7ith 9 5otes in his fa5o, against 9) fo, Att6. *o,iano! *o,iano! but also because his election follo7s the ,otation ,ule $ec,ee$ b6 the *up,e3e Cou,t.   n the othe, han$! the election of Att6. *o,iano "C Chapte,# in the special election that 7as p,esi$e$ o5e, b6 EVP Vinluan on Ma6 ! )%%&! 7as a nullit6 on th,ee "# g,oun$sGi,st! because Att6. *o,iano al,ea$6 lost the election on Ap,il )(! )%%&. *econ$! the special election con$ucte$ b6 the Vinluan =,oup on Ma6 ! )"%%#+ 7as illegal because it 7as not calle$ no, p,esi$e$ o5e, b6 the ,egional =o5e,no,. 1hi,$! Att6. *o,iano is [email protected]$ to ,un fo, =MR =o5e,no, fo, the )%%&)%99 te,3 because his <election> as such 7oul$ 5iolate the ,otation ,ule 7hich the *up,e3e Cou,t ,[email protected],es to be <st,ictl6 i3ple3ente$>. 0n$e, the ,otati ,ot ation on ,ule! ,ule! the =MR go5e,n go5e,no,s o,ship hip fo, the )%% )%%&) &)%99 %99 te, te,3 3 belong belongs s to the Man Manila ila III Chapte,! not to the C Chapte,! 7hose tu,n 7ill co3e t7o ")# 6ea,s late,! in )%99)%9 6et.   I$. A55. ErB7 [email protected] o= 5e Romb9o7 C6<5er B6 ;@9 e9ec5e; 6 "o8er7or =or 5e &e5er7 $66 Reo7 Reo7 =or 5e 200-201 200-2011 1 5erm, 5erm, not onl6 because he obtaine$ the highest nu3be, of 5otes a3ong the th,ee "# can$i$ates fo, the position! but also because un$e, the ,otation ,ule! it is no7 the tu,n of the Ro3blon Chapte, to ,ep,esent the ?este,n Visa6as Region in the IBP Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s.   1he con conten tentio tion n of the p,otes p,otestan tants! ts! Att6s. Att6s. Co, Co,nel nelio io Al$on Al$on "An "[email protected] [email protected] ue Cha Chapte pte,# ,# an$ Benja3in ,tega "Neg,os cci$ental Chapte,# that the ,otation ,ule in *ections H an$ & of  the IBP B6 B6a a7s 7s is not 3an$a 3an$ato, to,6 6 but onl onl6 6 $i,ect $i,ecto,6 o,6!! bet,a bet,a6s 6s thei, thei, ign igno, o,an ance ce of the ,esolution of the *up,e3e Cou,t in Ba, Matte, No. (+ $ate$ Ma6 9! 9&&9! ,uling that <the p,inciple on ,otation shall be st,ictl6 i3ple3ente$ so that all p,io, elections fo, go5e,no, in the ,egion shall be ,ec8one$ 7ith o, consi$e,e$ in $ete,3ining 7ho shoul$ be the go5e,no, to be se sele lect cte$ e$ f, f,o3 o3 th the e $iff $iffe, e,en entt chap chapte te,s ,s to ,e ,ep, p,es esen entt th the e ,e ,egi gion on in th the e Bo Boa, a,$ $ of  =o5e,no,s.>    $. Ne5er A55. N6er M6room69c 7or A55. #e76m7 675o  [email protected]=e; 5o be e9ec5e; e9ec5 e; "o8er7or o= &e5er7 &e5er7 M7;676o Reo7 Reo7.. *ec. &! A,t. VI of the IBP B6a7s p,o5i$es that- <*ta,ting in 9&&9&&(! the p,inciple of ,otation in the position of go5e,no, a3ong the $iffe,ent chapte,s to ,ep,esent the ,egion in the Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s shall be st,ictl6 i3ple3ente$.   0n$e, *ec. H! A,t. VI of the B6a7s! the =o5e,no, of a ,egion shall be electe$ b6 the 3e3be,s of the /ouse of Delegates f,o3 that ,egion onl6. *ince the $elegate of a Chapte, to the /ouse of Delegates is the P,esi$ent of the Chapte, Chapte,!! not the Boa,$ of ffice,s! the no3inee of the Chapte, P,esi$ent! not the no3inee of the Boa,$ of ffice,s! is the 5ali$ no3inee fo, =o5e,no, of the Region.   /o7e5e,!! @7;er 5e ro565o7 [email protected], 5  7o5 5e 676o ;e9 [email protected] C6<5er 565 /o7e5e, [email protected]; re<ree75 5e &e5er7 M7;676o Reo7 7 5e #o6r; o= "o8er7or =or 5e 200-2011 5erm. 1he ,eco,$ of the IBP National *ec,eta,iat sho7s that! sta,ting in 9&& 9&&( 7hen the st,ict i3ple3entation of the ,otation ,ule began! the 9)chapte, ?este,n Min$anao Region has been ,ep,esente$ in the Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s b6 onl6 si4 "# Chapte,s! as follo7s  9&&9&&(  anao $el *u,  Di3natang 1. *a,o 9&&(9&&H   2AMBA*01A Cotabato  =eo,ge C. Jabi$o 9&&H9&&&  A,thu, D. i3 9&&&)%%9  2AMBA*01A  Paulino R. E,san$o )%%9)%%  No,th Cotabato  ittle *a,ah A. Ag$eppa )%%)%%(  *ultan u$a,at  Ca,los . Val$eK! J,.

)%%()%%H  *C*AR=EN  Rogelio C. =a,cia

 

)%%H)%%&  *ultan u$a,at  Ca,los . Val$eK! J,.   1he,efo,e! pu,suant to the st,ict ,otation! the anao $el *u, Chapte, 3ust 7ait fo, the si4 "# oth othe, e, Chapte Chapte,s ,s in the ,egion ,egion "2 "2a3 a3boa boanga nga *ib *ibuga uga6! 6! 2a3boa 2a3boanga nga $el No, No,te! te! 2a3boanga $el *u,! anao $el No,te! Misa3is cci$ental! an$ Maguin$anaoCotabato Cit6# to ha5e thei, tu,n in the Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s befo,e anao $el *u, 3a6 again ,ep,esent the ?este,n Min$anao Region Region in the Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s.   *ince both Att6s. Nasse, Ma,oho3salic an$ B"e#nja3in anto belong to the anao $el *u,, Cha *u Chapte pte,,! both both of the the3 3 a,e [email protected] [email protected] alifie fie$ $ to be electe electe$ $ as =o5 =o5e,n e,no, o, of the ?e ?este ste,n ,n Min$an Min $anao ao Re Regio gion n fo, the )%%&) )%%&)%99 %99 te,3. te,3. ?ith ?ith ,es ,espec pectt to At Att6 t6.. Benja3 Benja3in in an anto! to! his no3ination b6 the Boa,$ of ffice,s 7as not onl6 in5ali$! but also lost c,e$ibilit6 afte, th,ee "#! out of the thi,teen "9# signato,ies to his no3ination! ,esigne$ f,o3 the Boa,$ of  ffice,s! an$ si4 "# othe,s signe$ <autho,iKations> in fa5o, of Att6. Macala7 Macala7ii autho,iKing hi3 to no3inate an$ elect the =o5e,no, fo, the ?este,n Min$anao Reg Region. ion. 1hat left onl6 fou, "# 5otes in fa5o, of his no3ination fo, =o5e,no, of the ?este, ?este,n n Min$anao Region.   $I. Te e9ec5o7 =or 5e I#P E'[email protected]8e $ce Pre;e75 e<6r65e9 e9; o7 M6 , 200 b 5e #[email protected]56 67; $[email protected] "[email protected]< Bere [email protected] 67; 8o; =or 96c o= [email protected]@m. 1he p,esence of fi5e "(# =o5e,no,select is nee$e$ to constitute a @uo,u3 of the &3e3be, Boa,$ of =o5e,no,select 7ho shall elect the E4ecuti5e Vice P,esi$ent.   As p,e5iousl6 state$! the,e 7e,e t7o ")# si3ultaneous elections fo, the E4ecuti5e Vice P,esi$ent fo, the )%%&)%99 te,3  one 7as calle$ an$ p,esi$e$ o5e, b6 EVP Vinluan in the Boa,$ Roo3 of the IBP National ffice! 7hile the othe, election fo, the sa3e position 7as p,esi$e$ o5e, b6 outgoing IBP P,es. Bautista in anothe, ,oo3 of the sa3e buil$ing! at the sa3e ti3e! &-%% A.M.! on the sa3e $ate! Ma6 &! )%%&.   1hose p,esent at the 3eeting of the Vinluan =,oup 7e,e  9. Att6. Elpi$io =. *o,iano ). Att6. Benja3in B. anto . Att6. A3a$o, 1olentino! J,.! =o5e,no,elect fo, *outhe,n uKon . Att6. Jose V. Cab,e,a! =o5e,no,elect fo, Bicolan$ia (. Att6. E,7in Go,tunato! =o5e,no,elect fo, ?este,n Visa6as . Att6. Rolan$ B. Inting! =o5e,no,elect fo, Easte,n Visa6as   *i *inc nce e both both At Att6 t6s. s. *o,i *o,ian ano o an$ an$ a ant nto o 7e,e 7e,e no nott 5a 5ali li$l $l6 6 elec electe te$ $ as =o5e =o5e,n ,no, o,s s ,especti5el6 of the =,eate, Manila Region an$ the ?este,n Min$anao Region! the6 7e,e [email protected]$ to sit in the inco3ing Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s an$ pa,ticipate in the election of the succee$ing E4ecuti5e Vice P,esi$ent. 1he ,e3aining fou, "# =o5e,no,select  =o5e,no,s 1olentino! Cab,e,a! Go,tunato! an$ Inting! $i$ not constitute a @uo,u3 of the Boa,$ of  =o5e,no,s to con$uct a 5ali$ election of the IBP E4ecuti5e Vice P,esi$ent. 1he election of  Att6. Elpi$io =. *o,iano as E4ecuti5e Vice P,esi$ent b6 the Vinluan =,oup 7as in5ali$. Asi$e f,o3 lac8 of a @uo,u3 to con$uct the elections! EVP Vinluan 7,ongl6 p,esi$e$ o5e, the election. 1hus! Att6. *o,iano *o,iano 7as not $ul6 electe$ as =o5e,no, of the =,eate, Manila Region! hence! he is [email protected]$ to sit in the Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s.   Neithe, $i$ the 3eeting of the Bautista =,oup fa,e an6 bette,! fo, those p,esent 7e,e  9.

Att6. Milag,os Ge,nanCa6osa! =o5e,no,elect =o5e,no,el ect fo, No,the,n uKon ). Att6. Ge,$inan$ O. Miclat! =o5e,no,elect =o5e,no,e lect fo, Cent,al uKon . Att6. Manuel M. Ma,a3ba! =o5e,no,elect fo, =,eate, Manila . Att6. Roan iba,io iba,ios! s! =o5e,no,elect =o5e,no,el ect fo, Easte,n Min$anao

 

(. Att6. Nasse, Ma,oho3sali Ma,oho3salic c   Att6. Ma,oh Att6. Ma,oho3sa o3salicFs licFs election as =o5e,no, =o5e,no, fo, ?este,n ?este,n Min$anao 7as in5ali$ fo, 5iolating the ,otation ,ule. 1he fou, "# ,e3aining go5e,no,select "Att6s. Ca6osa! Miclat! Ma,a3ba an$ iba,ios# li8e those in the Vinluan =,oup! $i$ not constitute a @uo,u3 to con$uct the election of the IBP E4ecuti5e Vice P,esi$ent fo, the cu,,ent te,3. 1he election of  =o5e,no, Roan iba,ios as E4ecuti5e Vice P,esi$ent b6 this g,oup 7as the,efo,e null an$ 5oi$.   Besi$es that fla7 in his election! since the Easte,n Visa6as Region! ,ep,esente$ b6 =o5e,no, Jose Aguila =,apilon of Bili,an! ha$ succee$e$ to the p,esi$enc6 in 9&&H9&&&! its ne ne4t 4t tu tu,n ,n 7ill 7ill co3e co3e afte afte,, th the e ei eigh ghtt "+# "+# othe othe,, ,e ,egi gion ons s sh shal alll ha ha5e 5e also also se,5 se,5e$ e$ in th the e p,esi$enc6. 1hat 7ill be afte, si4teen 6ea,s! o,! in )%9()%9H 6et.   $II. Te 6;m75r658e com<9675 6675 E$P Roe9o A. $[email protected] 67;  "[email protected]< o=  "o8er7or >Abe96r;o E5r6;6 o= Nor5er7 @o7, #o7=6co #6r67;o7 o= #co967;6, E8er5o Ec69o7 o= E65er7 $66, 67; R6[email protected]; Merc6;o o= &e5er7 $66?  mer5o mer5oro r[email protected] @,, fo, thei, con$uct con$uct 7as f,actious f,actious an$ highhan highhan$e$! $e$! causing $isunit6 an$ ac,i3onious $isag,ee3ents in the IBP IBP..   9. 1he ,[email protected] of the EVP VinluanFs =,oup fo, a special 3eeting of the Boa,$ of  =o5e,no,s on Ap,il )! )%%&  t7o ")# $a6s befo,e the sche$ule$ election of the ,egional =o5e,no,s on Ap,il )(! )%%&  7hen IBP P,es. Bautista 7as in 2a3boanga on IBP business! an$ the othe, =o5e,no,s ha$ just ,etu,ne$ to thei, ,especti5e ,egions to p,epa,e fo, the Ap,il )( election of the ,egional go5e,no,s! 7as un,easonable.   1he special 3eeting on Ap,il )! )%%& 7hich he hi3self p,esi$e$ o5e,! 5iolate$ *ec. )! A,t. VI of the B6a7s 7hich p,o5i$es that it is the P,esi$ent 7ho 699 c699 a special 3eeting! an$ it is also the P,esi$ent 7ho 699 <re;e o5e, the 3eeting! not Att6. Vinluan "*ec. (%! A,t. VII! B6a7s#.   1he p,ope, ,ecou,se fo, the Vinluan =,oup! in 5ie7 of P,esi$ent BautistaFs ,efusal to call a special 3eeting as ,[email protected]$ b6 the3! is foun$ in *ection ! A,t. VI of the B6a7s 7hich p,o5i$es that    <1he Boa,$ 3a6 ta8e action! action! B5[email protected] 6 mee57, b6 ,esolution signe$ b6 at least fi5e =o5e,no,s p,o5i$e$ that e5e,6 3e3be, of the Boa,$ shall ha5e been p,e5iousl6 app,ise$ of the contents of the ,esolution.>  ,esolution.>  But the Vinluan =,oup igno,e$ that p,oce$u,e. 1he6 hel$ a special 3eeting on Ap,il )! )%%&! 7he,e the6 a$opte$ Resolution No. VIII)%%& "*pecial) Ap,il )%%&# st,i8ing out as ultr ultra a "ire "ires s the ea,lie, Resolution Resolution No. VIII)%% VIII)%%& & pass passe$ e$ in the ,egula, 3onthl6 3eeting of the Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s on Ap,il 9H! )%%&. 1hat 3eeting 7as illegal! hence! the ,esolution a$opte$ the,ein 7as null an$ 5oi$.   ). 1he secon$ special 3eeting hel$ b6 the Vinluan =,oup on Ap,il %! )%%& 7he,ein the6 app,o app,o5e$ 5e$ Res Resoluti olution on VIII)%% VIII)%%& & "*pecial "*pecialA A% % Ap,i Ap,ill )%%&# ,esol5in ,esol5ing g the electi election on p,otests p,ote sts in the =MR! ?este,n ?este,n Visa6as Visa6as an$ ?este,n ?este,n Min$a Min$anao nao go5e,no,sF go5e,no,sF elections! elections! 7ith co3plete $is,ega,$ fo, the p,otesteesF ,ight to $ue p,ocess! 7as li8e7ise illegal! hence! the =,oupFs ,esolution of the election p,otests 7as li8e7ise null an$ 5oi$! an$ the ne7 election of the =MR =o5e,no, 7hich the6 set on Ma6 ! )%%& 7as in5ali$.   . 1he <Boa,$ Resolution> 7hich 7as a$opte$ an$ fa4e$ to the =o5e,no,select on Ma6 +! )%%&! b6 the Vinluan =,oup! setting the Bautista election <unfit of the to IBPp,esi$e> E4ecuti5e Vice on Ma6 &! )%%&! at &-%% A.M.L $ecla,ing P,es. o5e, theP,esi$ent election an$ <$esignating EVP Vinluan to p,esi$e o5e, the election> in lieu of P,es. Bautista! 7as uncalle$ an$ un7a,,ante$! an$ cause$ $isunit6 an$ $iso,$e, in the IBP. It 7as in effect a cou oup p to unseat P,es. Bautista befo,e the en$ of his te,3! an$ p,e3atu,el6 install EVP

Vinluan as p,esi$ent.

 

  1he ac actua tuatio tions ns of At Att6 t6.. Vinlua VinluanF nFs s =,o =,oup up in $ef $ef6in 6ing g the la7ful la7ful aut autho, ho,it6 it6 of IBP P,esi$ent Bautista! $ue to Att6. Att6. VinluanFs o5e,7eening o5e,7eening $esi,e to p,opel his f,ate,nit6 b,othe,! Att6. Elpi$io =. *o,iano! to the ne4t p,esi$enc6 of the IBP! s3ac8e$ of politic8ing! 7hich is st,ongl6 con$e3ne$ an$ st,ictl6 p,ohibite$ b6 the IBP B6a7s an$ the Ba, Integ,ation Rule.:;   Again! it 3ust be note$ that 7hile the pen$ing a$3inist,ati5e case against Att6. Vinluan an$ his co ,espon$ents has not 6et been ,esol5e$! Att6. Vinluan 7as not allo7e$ to assu3e his position as P,esi$ent of the IBP fo, )%%&)%99. Instea$! the *up,e3e Cou,t $esignate$ ,eti,e$ *up,e3e Cou,t Associate Justice *antiago apunan as ffice,inCha,ge of the IBP.   III. #ulings of the Court  1he Cou,t co3pletel6 ag,ees 7ith the ,eco33en$ations of the *pecial Co33ittee 7ith ,espect to! a3ong othe,s! the follo7ing  9. Decla,ing Att6. Manuel M. Ma,a3ba "Manila III Chapte,# as the $ul6 electe$ =o5e,no, of the =,eate, Manila Region fo, the )%%&)%99 te,3H:H;L an$! ). Decla,ing Att6. E,7in M. Go,tunato "Ro3blon Chapte,# as the $ul6 electe$ =o5e,no, of the ?este,n Visa6as Visa6a s Region fo, the )%%&)%99 te,3+:+;.

As fa, as the Cou,t is conce,ne$! the,e is no $ispute that the election of Att6. Ma,a3ba 7as in o,$e,. Du,ing the election hel$ last Ap,il )(! )%%& 7hich 7as $ul6 p,esi$e$ o5e, b6 then outgoing =,eate, Manila Region =o5e,no, Ma,cial Magsino! it 7as Att6. Ma,a3ba Ma,a3ba 7ho ga,ne,e$ the highest nu3be, of 5otes a3ong the $elegates co3pa,e$ to Att6. *o,iano! 9 5otes to 9) 5otes. /o7e5e,! instea$ of accepting the sai$ $efeat g,aciousl6! Att6. *o,iano then file$ an election p,otest on Ap,il )H! )%%& clai3ing that the sai$ election 7as 5oi$ because the,e 7e,e non$elegates! pa,ticula,l6 Att6s. oanKon an$ [email protected] of the ueKon Cit6 Chapte,! 7ho 7e,e allo7e$ to 5ote. [email protected]! Att6. Att6. *o,iano got a fa5o,able ,uling f,o3 the g,oup of Att6. Att6. Vinluan! Vinluan! as EVP! EVP! an$ fo,3e, fo,3e, =o5e,no, =o5e,no,s s Est,a$a Est,a$a "No,t "No,the,n he,n uKon uKon#! #! Ba,an$o Ba,an$on! n! J,. J,. "Bic "Bicolan$ olan$ia#! ia#! 6

7

8

 

Escalon "Easte,n Visa6as# an$ Me,ca$o "?este,n Visa6as# pe, Resolution No. VIII)%%& "*pecial A% Ap,il )%%&#. 1his then ,esulte$ in the ano3alous election of Att6. *o,iano as =o5e,no, of the =,eate, Manila Region last Ma6 ! )%%&.   In a$$,essing the sai$ cont,o5e,s6! an$ as al,ea$6 $iscusse$! the Co33ittee conclu$e$ that <the Vinluan =,oupFs inte,p,etation of *ec. 9! A,t. V! of the B6a7s in Resolution No. VIII)%%& "*pecial) Ap,il )%%&# to be in e,,o, an$ $e5oi$ of ,ational an$ histo,ical bases.> It 7as then pointe$ out that <"t#he a,gu3ent of the CChapte, P,esi$ent 1,[email protected] *al5a$o,! "as 7ell as b6 Att6. *o,iano#! that Att6s. oanKon an$ [email protected] 7e,e not $elegates because the6 7e,e not electe$ b6 the CBoa,$ of ffice,s! is not 7ell ta8en.>> i8e7ise! the Co33ittee consi$e,e$ the situation then in5ol5ing the ueKon Cit6 Chapte, as <not a ta8en.  p,ope, caseF fo, the election of a$$itional $elegates b6 the Boa,$ of ffice,s because the Chapte, is entitle$ to the sa3e nu3be, of $elegates "99# to the /ouse "of Delegates#! as the nu3be, of office,s in its Boa,$ of ffice,s. Its office,s a,e ipso facto the Chapte,Fs $elegates to the /ouse. 1he,e is no nee$ fo, the Boa,$ of ffice,s to con$uct an election.> 

  1hus! an$ as ,ightl6 $ete,3ine$ b6 the Co33ittee to 7hich the Cou,t subsc,ibes to! <the election of Att6. *o,iano "C Chapte,# in the special election that 7as p,esi$e$ o5e, b6 EVP Vinluan on Ma6 ! )%%&! 7as a nullit6 on th,ee "# g,oun$s- Gi,st! because Att6. *o,iano al,ea$6 lost the election on Ap,il )(! )%%&. *econ$! the special election con$ucte$ b6 the Vinluan =,oup on Ma6 ! )"%%&# 7as illegal because it 7as not calle$ no, p,esi$e$ b6 the ,egional =o5e,no, "Att6. Magsino#. 1hi,$! Att6 Att6.. *o,iano is [email protected]$ to ,un fo, =MR =o5e,no, fo, the )%%&)%99 te,3 because his <election> as such 7oul$ 5iolate the ,otation ,ule 7hich the *up,e3e Cou,t ,[email protected],es to be <st,ictl6 i3ple3ente$>.> 1his being so! since he 7as not a $ul6 electe$ =o5e,no, of the =,eate, Manila Region! then Att6. *o,iano cannot be 5ote$ as 7ell as IBP E4ecuti5e Vice P,esi$ent fo, )%%&)%99.   ?ith ,espect to the case of Att6. Go,tunato! his election as =o5e,no, fo, the ?este,n Visa6as Region 7as uphel$ since <he obtaine$ the highest nu3be, of 5otes a3ong the th,ee "# can$i$ates fo, the position> an$ <also because un$e, the ,otation ,ule! it is no7 the tu,n of the Ro3blon Chapte, to ,ep,esent the ?este,n Visa6as Region in the IBP Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s.> n account the,eof! the Cou,t is con5ince$ that the contentions of p,otestees Att6s. Co,nelio Al$on "[email protected] Chapte,# an$ Benja3in ,tega "Neg,os cci$ental Chapte,# cannot p,ospe,. p,ospe,. Afte, all! the Cou,t al,ea$6 uphel$ pe, its Resolution in Ba, Matte, No. (+ $ate$ Ma6 9! 9&&9 that the <,otation ,ule> ,ule> un$e, *ections H an$ & of the IBP B6a7 B6a7s s <shall be st,ict st, ictl6 l6 i3ple3 i3ple3ent ente$ e$ so that that all p,i p,io, o, electi elections ons fo, go5e,no, go5e,no, in the ,eg ,egion ion sha shall ll be ,ec8o ,ec8one$ ne$ 7ith 7ith o, consi$e,e$ in $ete,3ining 7ho shoul$ be the go5e,no, to be selecte$ f,o3 the $iffe,ent chapte,s to

,ep,esent the ,egion in the Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s.> Mo,e so! 7hen the conce,ne$ chapte, in5o8e$ its ,ight

 

the,eto as in the case of Att6. Go,tunato 7ho ca3e f,o3 the Ro3blon Chapte, 7hich 7as ne4t in the ,otation.   1o the Cou,t! the election of Att6. Go,tunato as =o5e,no, last Ap,il )(! )%%& is 7ellsettle$. /e $i$ not onl6 co3e f,o3 the chapte, 7hich is entitle$ to be electe$ fo, the sai$ position! but also got the highest nu3be, of 5otes a3ong the can$i$ates that inclu$e$ p,otestees Att6s. Al$on an$ ,tega. As the election 7as p,esi$e$ o5e, b6 then outgoing =o5e,no, Ra63un$ Me,ca$o! the Cou,t fin$s no cogent ,eason as 7ell to ,e5e,se the fin$ings of the Co33ittee insofa, as uphol$ing the election of Att6 Att6.. Go,tunato Go,tunato is conce,ne$. *uffice it to sa6! sa6! the Co33ittee 7as co,,ect in not fin$ing an6 ano3al6 7ith ,espect the,eto.   n the null nullifica ification tion of the election of Att6 Att6.. Nasse, Ma,oho3sali Ma,oho3salic c as =o5e,no, =o5e,no, fo, the ?e ?este, ste,n n Min$anao Region! the Cou,t $oes not ag,ee 7ith the ,eco33en$ation of the Co33ittee to hol$ a special election in the sai$ ,egion&:&;. Instea$! the Cou,t ,ules to uphol$ the election of Att6. Ma,oho3salic last Ap,il )(! )%%& 7hich 7as p,esi$e$ o5e, b6 then outgoing =o5e,no, Ca,los Val$eK! J,.

It 3ust be pointe$ out that Att6. Ma,oho3salic 7as $ul6 no3inate$ b6 Att6. Ale4 Macala7i! P,esi$ent of  the anao $el *u, Chapte,! an$ the official $elegate of the sai$ chapte, to the /ouse of Delegates fo, the ?este,n Min$anao Min$anao Region $u,ing the elections hel$ last Ap,il )(! )%%&. n the othe, han$! Att6. Att6. Benja3in anto 7as suppose$l6 no3inate$ b6 the Boa,$ of ffice,s of the anao $el *u, Chapte,! e4cept Att6. Macala7i! in Resolution No. %%))%%& $ate$ Geb,ua,6 )+! )%%&. /o7e5e,! it appea,s that! as $isco5e,e$ b6 the Co33ittee! <th,ee "# signato,ies of the ,esolution> appa,entl6 <,esigne$ as 3e3be,s of the Boa,$ of ffice,s> since the6 a,e p,osecuto,s 7ho a,e <ineligible fo, election o, appoint3ent to an6 position in the Integ,ate$ Ba, o, an6 Chapte, the,eof>! 7hile <"s#i4 "# othe, signato,ies of the ,esolution> allege$l6  <,ecalle$ thei, signatu,es> an$ the6! instea instea$! $! <signe$ an autho,iKationF autho,iKing the Chapte, P,esi$ent! Att6.. Macala7i Att6 Macala7i!! <to select select an$ 5ote> <fo, the Regional Regional =o5e,no, =o5e,no, fo, ?e ?este,n ste,n Min$anao> Min$anao>..> 1hus! <"t#he <"t#he 7ith$,a7al 7ith$,a7 al of nine "&# signatu,es f,o3 the Resolution No. %%)! left onl6 fou, "# 5otes in suppo,t of antoFs no3ination  a pun6 3ino,it6 of the 93e3be, Boa,$ of ffice,s of the anao $el *u, Chapte,.>

9%

:9%;

  1he 1he atte atte3p 3ptt of At Att6 t6.. Vi Vinl nlua uan n an$ an$ hi his s g,ou g,oup p of =o =o5e 5e,n ,no, o,s s to nu null llif if6 6 th the e elec electio tion n of At Att6 t6.. Ma,oho3s Ma,o ho3salic alic th,ough th,ough Resoluti Resolution on No. VIII)%% VIII)%%& & "*pecial "*pecial A% Ap,il )%%&# 7as clea,l6 i,,egula i,,egula,, an$ 9

10

 

unjustifie$. Base$ on the Ap,il )(! )%%& election ,esults! Att6. Ma,oho3salic Ma,oho3salic 7on o5e, his ,i5al Att6. anto!  5ot 5otes es to ( 5ot 5otes. es. [email protected] [email protected] uentl6 tl6!! he 7as 7as $ul6 $ul6 p,ocla p,oclai3e i3e$ $ as the ele electe cte$ $ =o5e,n =o5e,no, o, of the ?e ?este ste,n ,n Min$anao Region. n Ap,il )H! )%%&! Att6. Att6. anto file$ an election p,otest! <@uestioning the 5ali$it6 of Att6. Ma,oho3salicFs no3ination b6 Att6. Macala7i! P,esi$ent of the IBP anao $el *u, Chapte,! an$ clai3ing that his

"antoFs "antoFs## no3ina no3ination tion

b6 the the Boa,$ Boa,$ of ffice, ffice,s s of the anao anao $el *u, Chapte, Chapte, 7as the 5ali$ 5ali$

no3ination.>

I33e$iatel I33e$ iatel6! 6! on Ap,il Ap,il %! )%%&! the g,oup of Att6. Att6. Vinluan issue$ Resolution Resolution No. VIII VIII)%% )%%& & p,oclai3ing Att6. anto anto as the $ul6 electe$ =o5e,no, 7ithout affo,$ing Att6. Ma,oho3salic Ma,oho3salic his ,ight to $ue p,ocess. Mo,e i3po,tantl6! i3po,tantl6! instea$ of c calling alling fo, anothe, election li8e li8e 7hat it $i$ fo, the =,eate, Manila Manila Region! the g,oup of Att6. Vinluan p,ocee$e$ to instantl6 $ecla,e Att6. anto as ha5ing been $ul6 electe$  <on the g,oun$ that the no3ination of the p,otestee! Nasse, Ma,oho3salic! 7as cont,a,6 to the 7ill of the anao $el *u, Chapte, e4p,esse$ th,ough Boa,$ Resolution No. %%")#)%%& of the Boa,$ of ffice,s "of the t he anao $el *u, Chapte,#.> 99:99;

  As bo,ne bo,ne out b6 the ,eco ,eco,$s! ,$s! Att6. Ma,oho3s Ma,oho3salic alic 7as $ul6 no3inate$ no3inate$ b6 Att6 Att6.. Ale4 Maca Macala7i! la7i! P,esi$ent of the anao $el *u, Chapte,! an$ the official $elegate of the sai$ chapte, to the /ouse of  Delegates fo, the ?este,n Min$anao Region $u,ing the elections. n the othe, han$! Att6. anto 7as suppose$l6 no3inate$ b6 the Boa,$ of ffice,s of the sa3e Chapte, in a ,esolution $ate$ Geb,ua,6 )+! )%%&! 7hich 7as not signe$ an$ app,o5e$ b6 Att6. Macala7i. /o7e5e,! an$ as al,ea$6 pointe$ out b6 the Co33ittee! the <7ith$,a7al of nine "&# signatu,es f,o3 the Resolution No. %%)! left onl6 fou, "# 5otes in suppo,t of antoFs no3ination  a pun6 3ino,it6 of the 93e3be, Boa,$ of ffice,s of the anao $el *u, Chapte,.> 9):9);   1hus! the Co33ittee! citing *ec. H! A,t. VI of of tthe he B6a7s! B6a7s! clea,l6

,epu$iate$ an$ o5e,tu,ne$

Resolution No. VIII)%%& "*pecial A % Ap,il )%%&# of Att6. Att6. Vinluan Vinluan an$ his g,oup g,oup of =o5e,no,s. =o5e,no,s. In its Repo,t! it $ecla,e$ $ecla,e$ that the <no3inee of the Chapte, P,esi$ent! P,esi$ent! not the no3inee of th the e Boa,$ of ffice,s! is th the e 5a 5ali li$ $ no no3i 3ine nee e fo fo,, =o5e =o5e,n ,no, o, of th the e Regi Region on!!> 9:9 :9; ; the the,eb ,eb6 6 sus sustai tainin ning g the pos positi ition on of At Att6 t6.. Ma,oho3salic an$! an$! in effect! the 5ali$it6 of his no3ination b6 Att6. Att6. Macala7i. Macala7i.

11

12

13

 

  Despite the sai$ fin$ings! Att6. Ma,oho3salic 7as st,ippe$ of his electo,al 3an$ate an$ 5icto,6 7hen the Co33ittee! in5o8ing the st,ict application of the <,otation ,ule!> p,ocee$e$ to altogethe, nullif6 the ,esult of the elections $ul6 $ul6 con$ucte$ on Ap,il )(! ) )%%&. %%&. Acco,$ing to the Co3 Co33ittee! 3ittee! neithe, anto no, Ma,oho3salic is @ualifie$ to be electe$ go5e,no, because it 7as not the tu,n of anao $el *u, chapte, to ,ep,esent the ?este,n Min$anao Region in the Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s fo, the )%%&)%99 te,3. As $ecla,e$ in the Repo,t 

/o7e5e,! @7;er 5e ro565o7 [email protected], 5  7o5 5e 676o ;e9 [email protected] C6<5er 565 [email protected]; re<ree75 5e &e5er7 M7;676o Reo7 7 5e #o6r; o= "o8er7or =or 5e 2002011 5erm. 1he 5erm. 1he ,eco,$ of the IBP National *ec,eta,iat sho7s that! sta,ting in 9&&9&&( 7hen 7he n the st,ict st,ict i3p i3ple3 le3ent entati ation on of the ,otati ,otation on ,ule ,ule beg began! an! the 9) ch chapt apte, e, ?e ?este ste,n ,n Min$anao Region has been ,ep,esente$ in the Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s onl6 si4 "# Chapte,s! as follo7s  9&&9&&(anao $el *u,Di3natang 1. *a,o 9&&(9&&HCotatabato 9&&(9&&HCotata bato=eo,ge =eo,ge C. Jabi$o 9&&H9&&&2AMBA*01AQA,thu, D. i3 9&&&)%%92AMBA*01APaulino R. E,san$o )%%9)%%No,th Cotabato Cotabato ittle *a,ah A. Ag$eppa )%%)%%(*ultan u$a,atCa,los . Val$eK! J,. )%%()%%H*C*AR=ENR )%%()%%H*C* AR=ENRogelio ogelio C. =a,cia )%%H)%%&*ultan u$a,atCa,los . Val$eK! J,.   1he,efo,e! pu,suant to the st,ict ,otation ,ule! the anao $el *u, Chapte, 3ust 7ait fo, the si4 "# othe, Chapte,s in the ,egion "2a3boanga *ibuga6! 2a3boanga $el No,te! 2a3boanga $el *u,! anao $el No,te! Misa3is cci$ental! an$ Maguin$anaoCotabato Cit6# to ha5e thei, tu,n in the Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s befo,e anao $el *u, 3a6 again ,ep,esent the ?este,n Min$anao Region Region in the Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s.   *ince both Att6s. Nasse, Ma,oho3salic an$ Benja3in anto belong to the anao $el *u,, Cha *u Chapte pte,,! both both of the the3 3 a,e [email protected] [email protected] alifie fie$ $ to be electe electe$ $ as =o5 =o5e,n e,no, o, of the ?e ?este ste,n ,n Min$anao Region fo, the )%%&)%99 te,3.  

1he ,uling of the Co33ittee insofa, as it nullifie$ the election of Att6 Att6.. Ma,oho3salic as =o5e,no, of  the ?este,n Min$anao Region cannot be sustaine$ fo, not being in full acco,$ 7ith facts an$ the ,ules. ?hile the Co33ittee 3a6 ha5e co,,ectl6 pointe$ out that un$e, the ,otation ,ule it 7as not 6et the tu,n of  IBP anao $el *u, Chapte, to ,ep,esent the ,egion in the Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s fo, the )%%&)%99 te,3! it $oes not necessa,il6 follo7 that the ,esult of the elections shoul$ be altogethe, nullifie$ on that g,oun$. E5i$entl6!! an$ as $ete,3ine$ b6 the Co33ittee itself! the,e a,e instances 7hen the <,otation ,ule> 7as not E5i$entl6 follo7e$ insofa, as the elections in 9&&& an$ )%%H 7e,e conce,ne$ 7ith ,espect to the ?este,n Min$anao Region.

 

 

In the ,egula, election of Ap,il )(! )%%&! the,e is no $ispute that the 5oting $elegates of IBP ?este,n Min$anao Region 5ote$ into office Att6. Ma,oho3salic of anao $el *u, Chapte, as =o5e,no, fo, the )%%&)%99 te,3. Du,ing the sai$ election! his onl6 ,i5al 7as Att6. Benja3in anto 7ho also belongs to the sa3e anao $el *u, Chapte,. Chapte,. A thi,$ can$i$a can$i$ate! te! Att6. Att6. Escoba, Escoba, f,o3 the *a, *a,anga angani ni Chap Chapte, te,!! 7as no3inate$ but he $ecline$ the no3ination.

?hile ?hi le the Co33it Co33ittee tee poi points nts out that that si4 "# chapt chapte,s e,s in the ,eg ,egion ion!! inclu$ inclu$ing ing *a, *a,an angan gani! i! a,e a,e entitle$ to p,ece$ence o5e, the anao $el *u, chapte, in the o,$e, of ,otation! the fact ,e3ains that 7o5 o7e o= 5em 7om765e; or =e9;e; 6 c67;;65e =rom 5er re<ec58e r67 ;@r7 5e A<r9 2(, 200 200  e9ec5o7. e9ec5o7.

Ne5er Ne5er ;; 67 o7e o= 5em c699e7e c699e7e 5e 7om765o7 7om765o7  o= 5e 676o ;e9 [email protected]

C6<5er b6e; o7 5e or;er o= ro565o7. ro565o7 .   B6 not fiel$ing a can$i$ate fo, =o5e,no, an$ b6 $eclining the no3ination ,aise$ in fa5o, of its Chapte, P,esi$ent "Att6. Escoba,#! the IBP *a,angani Chapte, is $ee3e$ to ha5e 7ai5e$ its tu,n in the ,otation o,$e,. o,$e,. 1he sa3e can be sai$ of the ,e3aining chapte,s. 1he6 too a,e $ee3e$ to ha5e 7ai5e$ thei, tu,n in the ,otation as the6 opte$ not to fiel$ o, no3inate a can$i$ate f,o3 a3ong thei, ,especti5e 3e3be,s. Neithe, $i$ the6 in5o8e the ,otation ,ule to challenge the no3inations f,o3 the anao $el *u, Chapte,. n the cont,a,6! the6 full6 e4p,esse$ thei, concu,,ence to the cite$ no3inations! 7hich 3a6 be inte,p,ete$ as a 7ai5e, of thei, ,ight to ta8e thei, tu,n to ,ep,esent the ,egion in the Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s fo, the )%%&)%99 te,3.  

It nee$ not be st,esse$ that! as cite$ b6 the Co33ittee itself! the,e 7e,e instances 7hen the =o5e,no, of the ?est ?este,n e,n Min$anao Region ca3e f,o3 the sa3e chapte, such as 2AMBA*01A 2AMBA*01A "9&&H9&&& "9&&H9&&&  9&&&)%%9# an$ *ultan u$a,at ")%%)%%(  )%%H)%%&#. 1hus! 1hus! Att6. Att6. Ma,oho3salic coul$

not

be

faulte$ if the othe, chapte,s opte$ not to fiel$ o, no3inate thei, o7n can$i$ates. /a5ing been 5ali$l6 no3inate$ an$ $ul6 p,oclai3e$ as the $ul6 electe$ =o5e,no, of ?este,n Min$anao! Att6. Ma,oho3salic the,efo,e $ese,5es to assu3e his position $u,ing the ,e3ain$e, of the te,3.   It 7oul$ ha5e been a $iffe,ent sto,6 if anothe, Chapte, in the o,$e, of ,otation fiel$e$ its o7n can$i$ate o, in5o8e$ the ,otation ,ule to challenge Att6. Ma,oho3salicFs no3ination. But the ,eco,$ is be,eft of an6 sho7ing that his no3ination an$ [email protected] election 7as challenge$ on that basis. If the,e 7as an6 challenge at all! it 3e,el6 ,efe,,e$ to his no3ination b6 Att6. Mac Macala7i ala7i 7hich the Co33ittee itself 

 

has foun$ to be in o,$e,. 1hus! no co3pelling ,eason e4ists to $is,ega,$ the electo,al 3an$ate an$ nullif6 the 7ill of the 5oting $elegates as e4p,esse$ th,ough the ballot.

Te ro565o7 [email protected]  7o5 6b[email protected] [email protected] @bec5 5o B68er as B68er  as 7hen the chapte,s in the o,$e, of  ,otation opte$ not to fiel$ o, no3inate thei, o7n can$i$ates fo, =o5e,no, $u,ing the election ,egula,l6 $one fo, that pu,pose. If a 5ali$l6 no3inate$ can$i$ate obtains the highest nu3be, of 5otes in the election con$ucte$! his electo,al 3an$ate $ese,5es to be ,especte$ unless obtaine$ th,ough f,au$ as establishe$ b6 e5i$ence. *uch is not the case he,e.  *uffice it to sa6! the <,otation ,ule> shoul$ be applie$ in ha,3on6 7ith! an$ not in $e,ogation of! the so5e,eign 7ill of the electo,ate as e4p,esse$ th,ough th,ough the ballot. 1hus! Att6. Att6. Ma,oho3salic Ma,oho3salic cannot be $i5este$ an$ $ep,i5e$ of his electo,al 3an$ate an$ 5icto,6. 1he o,$e, of ,otation is not a ,igi$ an$ infle4ible ,ule as to ba, its ,ela4ation in e4ceptional an$ co3pelling ci,cu3stances.

If onl6 to st,ess! co3pa,e$ to the case of Att6. Go,tunato 7hose Ro3blon Chapte, in5o8e$ the  <,otation ,ule!> ,ule!> no chapte, chapte, in the ?este,n ?este,n Min$anao Region Region 7hich 7as ne4t in the the ,otation in5o8e$ in5o8e$ the sai$ ,ule.   No7! No 7! in it its s Repo Repo,t ,t!! th the e Co33 Co33it itte tee e nu null llif ifie ie$ $ th the e elec electi tion ons s fo, fo, th the e IBP IBP EVP EVP sepa sepa,a ,ate tel6 l6 an$ an$ si3ultaneousl6 con$ucte$ b6 P,esi$ent Bautista an$ EVP Vinluan on Ma6 &! )%%& an$ calle$ fo, a special election9:9; fo, the sa3e. In the case of the election con$ucte$ b6 EVP Vinluan! the ,esults 7e,e nullifie$ fo, lac8 of autho,it6 to p,esi$e o5e, the election an$ fo, lac8 @uo,u3! citing the [email protected] of Att6s. *o,iano an$ anto to sit in the inco3ing Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s. =o5e,no,s. 1he fin$ing $ese,5es to be sustaine$.

In the sa3e Repo,t! the Co33ittee also nullifie$ the ,esult of the election fo, the inco3ing EVP con$ucte$ b6 P,esi$ent Bautista. Bautista. ?hile ,ecogniKing P,esi$ent Bautis BautistaFs taFs autho,it6 autho,it6 to con$uct con$uct the election! the Co33ittee nonetheless nullifie$ the election ,esults ffo, o, lac8 of @uo,u3! @uo,u3! citing the ineligibilit6 of Att6. Att6. Ma,oho3salic to sit in the inco3ing Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s! the,eb6 lea5ing onl6 fou, "out of nine# =o5e,no,s elect in atten$ance 7hich $i$ not constitute a @uo,u3.  

14

 

?ith the election of Att6. Ma,oho3salic as =o5e,no, of ?este,n Min$ana Min$anao o being $ee3e$ 5ali$! then the $efect $efect of lac8 lac8 of @uo,u3 @uo,u3 that that suppos suppose$l e$l6 6 tainte tainte$ $ the electi election on p,ocee p,ocee$in $ings gs fo, EV EVP P sepa, sepa,ate atel6 l6 con$uc con $ucte$ te$ b6 IBP P, P,esi esi$en $entt Bauti Bautista sta 3a 3a6 6 ha5e ha5e been been cu,e$! cu,e$! fi5 fi5e e "(# =o5e,n =o5e,no,s o,s being being suf suffic ficien ientt to constitute a @uo,u3. Be that as it 3a6! the ,eco33en$ation of the Co33ittee to hol$ a special election fo, the EVP fo, the ,e3aining )%%&)%99 te,3 $ese,5es to be uphel$ to heal the $i5isions in the IBP an$ p,o3ote unit6 b6 enabling all the nine "&# =o5e,no,select =o5e,no,select to elect the EVP in a unifie$ 3eeting calle$ fo, that pu,pose. 1his 7ill enable 3atte,s to sta,t on a clean an$ co,,ect slate! f,ee f,o3 the politic8ing an$ the un$e, han$e$ tactics that ha5e cha,acte,iKe$ the IBP elections fo, so long.

In th the e co con$ n$uc uctt of the the un unif ifie ie$ $ elec electi tion on of the the inco inco3i 3ing ng EVP EVP! th the e foll follo7 o7in ing g fin$ fin$in ings gs an$ an$ ,eco33en$ations of the Co33ittee shall be a$opte$-

T!E ROTATION OF T!E PRESIDENCY AMON" T!E RE"IONS  *ec. H! A,t. VII of the B6a7s! as a3en$e$ b6 Ba, Matte, &9! ct. ! 9&+&! p,o5i$es that the E4ecuti5e Vice P,esi$ent shall be chosen b6 the Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s f,o3 a3ong the nine "&# ,egional go5e,no,s. 1he E4ecuti5e Vice P,esi$ent shall auto3aticall6 beco3e P,esi$ent fo, the ne4t succee$ing te,3. 1he 1he P,esi$enc6 sha shall ll ,otate a3ong the nine Regions. Regions.>  >    1he list list of nat nation ional al p,esi$ p,esi$ent ents s fu, fu,nis nishe$ he$ the *pecia *peciall Co3 Co33it 3ittee tee b6 the IBP Nation National al *ec,eta,iat! sho7s that the go5e,no,s of the follo7ing ,egions 7e,e P,esi$ent of the IBP $u,ing the past nine "&# te te,3s ,3s ""9&&9)%%&#9&&9)%%&#  Nu3e,iano 1anopo! J,. "Pangasinan#SCent,al uKonS9&&99&& Me,5in =. Encanto "ueKon Cit6#S =,eate, Manila 9&&9&&( Raul R. Anchangco "Ma8ati#S*outh "Ma8ati#S*outhe,n e,n uKonS9&&(9&&H Jose Aguila =,apilon "Bili,an#S Easte7,n Visa6as S 9&&H9&&& A,thu, D. i3 " 2a3basulta#S?este,n 2a3basulta#S?este,n Min$anaoS9&&&)%%9 1eofilo *. Pilan$o! J,. "alinga Apa6ao#SNo,the,n uKonS)%%9)%%

Jose Ansel3o . Ca$iK "Ca3a,ines *u,#SBicolan$iaS)%%(Aug. *u,#SBicolan$iaS)%%(Aug. )%%

 

Jose Vicente B. *alaKa, "Alba6#SBicolan$iaS "Alba6#SBicolan$iaS Aug. )%%)%%H Geliciano M. Bautista "Pangasinan#SCen "Pangasinan#SCent,al t,al uKonS)%%H)%%&   nl6 the =o5e,no,s = o5e,no,s of the ?este,n Visa6as an$ Easte,n Min$anao ,egions ha5e not 6et ha$ thei, tu,n as E4ecuti5e Vice P,esi$ent cu3 ne4t IBP P,esi$ent! 7hile Cent,al uKon an$ Bicolan$ia ha5e ha$ t7o ")# te,3s al,ea$6.   1he,efo,e 1he, efo,e!! eithe, eithe, the go5e,no, of the ?este, ?este,n n Visa Visa6as 6as Regio Region! n! o, the go5e,no, go5e,no, of the Easte,n Min$anao Region shoul$ be electe$ as E4ecuti5e Vice P,esi$ent fo, the )%%&)%99 te,3.

Acco,$ingl6! a special election shall be hel$ b6 the p,esent nine3an IBP Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s to elect the EVP fo, the ,e3ain$e, of the te,3 of )%%&)%99! 7hich shall be p,esi$e$ o5e, an$ con$ucte$ b6 IBP ffice,inCha,ge Justice *antiago apunan "Ret.# 7ithin se5en "H# $a6s f,o3 notice.

Gu,the,! in its ,epo,t! the Co33ittee $ecla,e$ that <the highhan$e$ an$ $i5isi5e tactics of Att6. Rogelio Rog elio A. Vinlu Vinluan an an$ his g,oup of

=o5e,no, =o5e,no,s! s! Abela,$o Abela,$o Est,a$a! Est,a$a! Bonifacio Bonifacio Ba,a Ba,an$on n$on J,. J,.! E5e,gisto E5e,gisto

Escalon! an$ Ra63un$ Me,ca$o! 7hich $is,upte$ the peaceful an$ o,$e,l6 flo7 of business in the IBP! cause$ chaos in the National ffice! bitte, $isag,ee3ents! an$ illfeelings! an$ al3ost $isinteg,ate$ the Inte Integ, g,at ate$ e$ Ba Ba,,! co7 co75 5[email protected] [email protected]; e; r6 r68e 8e <ro=e <ro=eo o769 769 mco7 mco7;@c ;@c55 B Bc c [email protected]; [email protected]; be 6<< 6<<ro< ro<r65 r65e9 e9 67c5o7e; 5o ;[email protected]e 5 re<e55o7 7 5e [email protected]@re. [email protected]@re.  9(:9(;  

1he Co33ittee! ho7e5e,! fell sho,t of $ete,3ining an$ ,eco33en$ing the app,op,iate penalt6 fo, the g,a5e p,ofessional 3iscon$uct foun$ to ha5e been co33itte$ b6 Att6. Vinluan an$ his g,oup of  =o5e,no,s. *till! 7ith the abo5e fi,3 an$ [email protected] fin$ings an$ $ecla,ations of the Co33ittee against At Att6 t6.. Vinlua Vinluan n an$ his g,oup g,oup that that inclu$ inclu$e$ e$ At Att6s t6s.. Est,a Est,a$a! $a! Ba,a Ba,an$o n$on! n! J,. J,.! Escalo Escalon n an$ Me,ca$ Me,ca$o o as  <unp,ofessional>  <unp,ofessiona l> 3e3be,s of the IBP Boa,$ of =o5e,no,s ")%%H)%%& te,3# the6 ce,tainl6 $o not $ese,5e to hol$ such estee3e$ positions.   It has long been hel$ that! as p,o5i$e$ fo, in Rule 9.%9! Canon 9 of the Co$e of P,ofessional Responsibilit69:9; that <"a# la76e, shall not engage in unla7ful! $ishonest! i33o,al o, $eceitful con$uct.>  A$$e$ to this! Rule H.%! Canon H ,[email protected],es that <"a# la76e, shall not engage in con$uct that a$5e,sel6

15

 

,eflects on his fitness to p,actice la7! no, shall he 7hethe, in public o, p,i5ate life! beha5e in a scan$alous 3anne, to the $isc,e$it of the legal p,ofession.> In the case at ba,! such canons fin$ application.   In a$$ition! it 7as clea, to the Co33ittee! an$ the Cou,t ag,ees! that <"t#he actuations of Att6. Vinlua Vin luanFs nFs =,oup =,oup in $ef $ef6in 6ing g the la7ful la7ful autho autho,it ,it6 6 of IBP P, P,esi esi$en $entt Bauti Bautista sta!! $ue to Att Att6 6. Vin Vinlua luanF nFs s o5e,7eening $esi,e to p,opel his f,ate,nit6 b,othe,! Att6. Elpi$io =. *o,iano! to the ne4t p,esi$enc6 of the IBP! s3ac8e$ of politic8ing! 7hich is st,ongl6 con$e3ne$ an$ st,ictl6 p,ohibite$ b6 the IBP B6a7s an$ the Ba, Integ,ation Rule.> In$ee$! sai$ actuations of Att6. Vinluan an$ his g,oup of fo,3e, IBP =o5e,no,s Est,a$a! Ba,an$on! J,.! Escalon an$ Me,ca$o 7e,e g,ossl6 ini3ical to the inte,est of the IBP an$ 7e,e 5iolati5e of thei, sole3n oath as la76e,s. Afte, all! 7hat the6 $i$ se,5e$ onl6 to benefit the appa,entl6 selfish goals of $efeate$ can$i$ate Att6. Elpi$io *o,iano to be electe$ as IBP EVP an$ be the ne4t IBP P,esi$ent fo, the )%99)%9 te,3 b6 hoo8 o, b6 c,oo8.  

Bea,ing Bea, ing the abo5 abo5e e in 3in$! 7hat Att6s. Att6s. Vinluan! Vinluan! Est,a$a! Est,a$a! Ba, Ba,an$o an$on! n! J,. J,.! Escalon Escalon an$ Me,ca$o conspi,e$ to $o 7as t,ul6 <highhan$e$ an$ $i5isi5e> that 3ust not pass unsanctione$. the,7ise! futu,e lea$e,s of the IBP! =o5e,no,s at that! 3ight be si3ila,l6 incline$ to $o 7hat the6 $i$! 3uch to the p,eju$ice p,eju $ice of the IBP an$ its 3e3be,shi 3e3be,ship. p. *u,el6! *u,el6! this shoul$ shoul$ be a$$,esse$ 7itho 7ithout ut 3uch $ela6 so as to nipinthebu$ such g,oss 3iscon$uct an$ unp,ofessionalis3. 1he6 all $ese,5e to suffe, the sa3e fate fo, bet,a6ing as 7ell the t,ust besto7e$ on the3 fo, the high positions that the6 p,e5iousl6 hel$.

1he 1he Reso Resolu luti tion on of th the e Cou, Cou,tt in the case case of #e$ %&'& Ele Electi ctions ons of the (ntegrat (ntegrated ed Bar of the %* 

)hilippines :9H; :9H;  al,ea$6 $ecla,e$ that unethical p,actices of la76e,s $u,ing IBP elections ele ctions cannot but ,esult in the statu,e of the IBP as an association of the p,actitione,s of a noble an$ hono,e$ p,ofession being $i3inishe $i3in ishe$. $. As hel$ the,ein! <",#espect <",#espect fo, la7 is g,a5el6 g,a5el6 e,o$e$ 7hen la76e,s la76e,s the3sel5 the3sel5es! es! 7ho a,e suppose$ to be 3inions of the la7! engage in unla7ful p,actices an$ ca5alie,l6 b,ush asi$e the 5e,6 ,ules that the IBP fo,3ulate$ fo, thei, obse,5ance.>

9+

:9+; In$ee$! the sai$ st,ong an$ 5igo,ous $ecla,ation of 

this Cou,t on the 9&+& IBP Election scan$al is ,ele5ant he,e.

16

17

18

 

?hile Att6. Vinluan an$ his g,oup $ese,5e to be st,ippe$ of thei, positions in the IBP! this can no longe, be $one as thei, te,3s as =o5e,no,s al,ea$6 e4pi,e$! speciall6 on the pa,t of Att6s. Est,a$a! Ba,an$on! J,.! Escalon an$ Me,ca$o. /o7e5e,! in the case of Att6. Vinluan! as fo,3e, EVP of the IBP he 7oul$ ha5e auto3aticall6 succee$e$ to the p,esi$enc6 fo, the te,3 )%%&)%99 but no7 shoul$ not be allo7e all o7e$ $ to. Afte, Afte, all all!! an$ con consi$ si$e,i e,ing ng the fin fin$in $ings gs of the Co3 Co33it 3ittee tee!! he has clea,l clea,l6 6 3an 3anife ifeste ste$ $ his un7o,thiness to hol$ the sai$ post. n account the,eof! Att6. Vinluan is thus $ecla,e$ unfit to assu3e the position of IBP P,esi$ent. 1o the Cou,t! if Att6. Vinluan cannot be fit to beco3e a =o5e,no, an$ EVP of the IBP then he is not entitle$ to succee$ as its P,esi$ent fo, the )%%&)%99 te,3.

Also! Att6. Vinluan an$ his g,oup shoul$ no longe, be allo7e$ to ,un as national office,s to p,e5ent such si3ila, si3ila, i,,egula,i i,,egula,it6 t6 f,o3 happening happening again.

1hus! 1hus! in subs [email protected] [email protected] elections of the IBP! the6 a,e

[email protected]$ to ,un as can$i$ates.

9&

)%

n the ,eco33 ,eco33en$ en$ati ation on of the Co33it Co33ittee tee to a3en$ a3en$ *ec *ectio tions ns 9 :9 :9&; &;!!  !! pa, pa,. "g# :)%;! &)9:)9;! ))):));! an$ ):);! A,ticle VI an$ *ection H ):);! A,ticle VII of the IBP B6a7s! the Cou,t fin$s the sa3e in o,$e,. As such! an$ in o,$e, to i33e$iatel6 effect ,efo,3s in the IBP! pa,ticula,l6 in the hol$ing of its elections fo, national office,s! the subject a3en$3ents a,e he,eb6 a$opte$ an$ app,o5e$.   ?/EREGRE! p,e3ises consi$e,e$! the Cou,t ,esol5es that  9. 1he elections of Att6s. Manuel M. Ma,a3ba! E,7in M. Go,tunato an$ Nasse, A. Ma,oho3salic as =o5e,n =o5 e,no,s o,s fo, the =,e =,eate ate,, Manila Manila Regio Region! n! ?este ?este,n ,n Visa6 Visa6as as Regio Region n an$ ?este ?este,n ,n Min$an Min$anao ao Re Regio gion! n! ,especti5el6!! fo, the te,3 )%%&)%99 a,e 0P/EDL ,especti5el6 19

20

21

22

23

24

 

  ). A special election to elect the IBP E4ecuti5e Vice P,esi$ent fo, the )%%&)%99 te,3 is he,eb6 RDERED to be hel$ un$e, the supe,5ision of this Cou,t 7ithin se5en "H# $a6s f,o3 ,eceipt of this Resolution 7ith Att6s. Ma,a3ba! Go,tunato an$ Ma,oho3salic being allo7e$ to ,ep,esent an$ 5ote as $ul6 electe$ =o5e,no,s of thei, ,especti5e ,egionsL

  . At Att6s t6s.. Rogel Rogelio io Vinlua Vinluan! n! Ab Abela ela,$o ,$o Est,a$ Est,a$a! a! Bon Bonifa ifacio cio Ba,an Ba,an$on $on!! J,. J,.! E5e,g E5e,gist isto o Escalo Escalon n an$ Ra63un$ Me,ca$o a,e all foun$ =0I1O of g,a5e p,ofessional 3iscon$uct a,ising f,o3 thei, actuations in connection 7ith the cont,o5e,sies in the elections in the IBP last Ap,il )(! )%%& an$ Ma6 &! )%%& an$ a,e he,eb6 [email protected]$ to ,un as national office,s of the IBP in an6 [email protected] election. ?hile thei, elections as =o5e,no,s fo, the te,3 )%%H)%%& can no longe, be annulle$ as this has al,ea$6 e4pi,e$! Att6. Vinluan is $ecla,e$ unfit to hol$ the position of IBP E4ecuti5e Vice P,esi$ent fo, the )%%H)%%& te,3 an$ the,efo,e ba,,e$ f,o3 succee$ing as IBP P,esi$ent fo, the )%%&)%99 te,3L

  . 1he p,opose$ a3en$3ents to *ections 9! ! pa,. "g#! &! )! an$ ! A,ticle VI an$ *ection H! A,ticle A,ticle VII of the IBP B6a7 B6a7s s as con contai taine$ ne$ in the Repo Repo,t ,t an$ Reco33e Reco33en$a n$atio tion n of the *peci *pecial al Co33ittee $ate$ Jul6 &! )%%& a,e he,eb6 app,o5e$ an$ a$opte$L an$

(. 1he $esignation of ,eti,e$ *C Justice *antiago apunan as ffice,inCha,ge of the IBP shall continue! unless ea,lie, ,e5o8e$ b6 the Cou,t! but not to e4ten$ be6on$ June %! )%99. ) %99.   SO ORDERED. ORDERED.  

RENATO C. CORONA   Chief  Justice  

?E CNC0R-

 

 

I join the $issenting opinion of J. Velasco ANTONIO T. CARPIO Associate Justice

     

"No pa,t# CONC!ITA CARPIO MORAES Associate Justice

 

n official lea5e but left $issenting opinion.

 

*ee $issenting opinion.

"No pa,t# PRES#ITERO *. $EASCO, *R.  *R.  Associate Justice

   

ANTONIO EDUARDO #. NAC!URA Associate Justice Associate 

  I ce,tif6 that J. B,ion file$ his concu,,ing 5ote 

TERESITA *. EONARDO-DE CASTRO ARTURO D. #RION

Aoc65e *@5ce

 

Associate Justice

 

"No pa,t#  

DIOSDADO M. PERATA  PERATA  Associate Justice  

UCAS P. #ERSAMIN  

Associate Justice  

 

"No pa,t#    

MARIANO C. DE CASTIO Associate Justice  

 

RO#ERTO A. A#AD  

Associate Justice

 

 

MARTI ARTIN N S. $IA IAR RAMA, AMA, *R. Associate Justice

*OS *OSE POR PORTU" TU"A PE PERE RE% % Associate Justice

 

"No pa,t#  

*OSE CATRA MENDO%A

 

Associate Justice

MARIA OURDES P. A. SERENO Associate Justice

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