Active Directory helps you manage corporate identities, credentials, information protection, and system and application settings through the following technologies: Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS), formerly known as Active Directory Domain Services, is the central location for configuration information, authentication requests, and information about all of the objects that are stored within your forest. Using Active Directory, you can efficiently manage users, computers, groups, printers, applications, and other directory-enabled objects from one secure, centralized location.
Alternatively, you can start the Active Directory Installation Wizard by clicking Start Run and typing dcpromo.
Click Next on the Welcome To The Active Directory Installation Wizard page to begin the domain controller promotion process. The Operating System Compatibility page of the wizard provides you with an important note about operating system compatibility. Click Next to continue.
On the Domain Controller Type page, specify the type of domain controller this server will be. To choose the domain controller type, select Domain Controller for a New Domain and click next.
On the Create New Domain page, choose whether the new domain tree is part of an existing forest or a new one that you create. Since this is the first tree in the forest, select Domain In A New Forest and click Next.
On the New Domain page, type test.mycompany.com as the full name of the DNS domain. Once you’ve selected a name, click next.
On the NetBIOS Domain Name page, type in the NetBIOS name for this machine and click next.
In the Database And Log Folders page, you can specify the file system locations for the Active Directory database and log file. Leave the settings at the default and click next.
On the Shared System Volume page, you can select a shared system volume location. Leave the default settings and click next.
On the Permissions page, choose Permissions Compatible Only With Windows 2000 Or Windows Server 2003 Operating Systems and click Next.
On the Directory Services Restore Mode Administrator Password page, provide a Directory Services Restore Mode Administrator password. Once you’ve selected and confirmed the password, click next.
Based on the installation options you’ve selected, the Active Directory Installation Wizard presents a summary of your choices. Verify the options, and then click next to begin the Active Directory installation process. When the necessary operations are complete, the wizard prompts you to click Finish. For purposes of this simulation, click Don’t Restart Now
Open the DNS snap-in from the Administrative Tools program group. Right click the icon for the local DNS Server, and select Properties. Click the Security tab. Notice that you can now specify which users and groups have access to modify the configuration of the DNS server. Make any necessary changes, and click OK.
If they aren’t already expanded, expand the local server branch and the Forward Lookup Zones folder. Right-click the domain you want to work on and select Properties. On the General tab, verify that the type is Active Directory-Integrated and that the Data Is Stored in Active Directory message is displayed. If this option is not currently selected, you can change it by clicking the Change button next to Type.Verify that the Dynamic Updates option is set to Secure Only Updates.