SALARY: Starting salaries for entry-level professors range from about $40,000 to $60,000 a year, depending on the quality of the anthropologist’s research and the wealth of the institution. Established anthropology professors often make between $60,000 and $90,000 a year. However, senior professors at prestigious universities can make as much as $140,000 a year. EDUCATION: After obtaining a bachelor’s degree, the majority of people employed as anthropologists complete either a master’s degree or a PhD in anthropology. A bachelor’s degree takes 4 years to complete. Master’s programs may be either 1 or 2 years in length. It takes another 4 or 5 years to complete a PhD. A master’s degree will usually qualify you for some positions in museums, government departments, and the private sector. To become a professor of anthropology at a college or university, however, you will need a PhD.