ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN BIOMEDICINE
Department of Computer Science of Engineering
Sri Vasavi Institute of Engineering and Technology
Approved by AICTE, New Delhi and Affiliated to JNTU, Kakinada
A computer has become an essential commodity in every hospital. Everything is computerized
today, from open heart surgeries to X-rays to various clinical tests. Everything is carried out
efficiently and effectively by the computer. There are many advantages of computers that make it
a must have by every medical professional. This article tells you about the use of computers in
the medical field that would help you understand the wide array of computer applications used
across the medicinal practice. With a great leap in the field of science and technology at the
beggining of the 21st century, people were able to witness the appearance of numerous
inventions some of which are already helping patients worldwide, while other devices could lead
to serious innovations in the near future.
The AbioCor is the world’s first completely self-contained replacement heart. A product of three
decades of research, development and testing, the AbioCor is central to ABIOMED’s mission to
make real the day when heart failure need not mean the end of life or the ability to enjoy life.
Designed to fully sustain the body’s circulatory system, the AbioCor is intended for end-stage
heart failure patients whose other treatment options have been exhausted.
The AbioCor System is designed for use by patients who have irreparably damaged hearts or
who are at risk of imminent death as a result of end-stage heart failure that cannot be treated by
optimal medical treatment.
Mimics function of the native heart
No wires cross the skin
The AbioCor is indicated for use in severe biventricular end stage heart
disease patients who are not cardiac transplant candidates and who:
are less than 75 years old,
require multiple inotropic support,
are not treatable by LVAD destination therapy, and
are not weanable from biventricular support if on such support.
THE BIO-ARTIFICIAL LIVER
After 25 years of intensive research, there is still no effective treatment for
Fulminant hepatitis. Hepatitis causes more than one million deaths a year, according to statistics
gathered by the World Health Organization. And, many of those who survive the hepatitis
develop cirrhosis and chronic liver failure. The only treatment available for liver failure is liver
transplant surgery; but donor organs are difficult to obtain, and the procedure, which is expensive
and complex, is frequently unsuccessful
With the invention of this camera pill it became possible to spot the earliest signs of cancer. the
device was developed with the goal of taking quality, color images in confined spaces. it can
detect early signs of esophageal cancer, which is the fastest growing type of cancer in the
United States.According to Eric Seibel, the lead researcher at the University of Washington, the
pill has a width of an adult fingernail and is twice as long. uing the new scanning device is rather
cheap due to the fact that it is small and there is no need of anesthesia and sedation. More
information about the pill can be found .
This device was invented to help people bound to bed communicate. It is the brainchild of
researchers from the Ebeling Group, the Not Impossible Foundation and Graffiti Research Lab.
The EyeWriter makes use of low-cost eye-tracking glasses equipped with open-source software.
Thus it allows people with one of neuromuscular syndromes to communicate with others by
writing or drawing on the screen by tracking their eye movement and converting it to lines on a
Tony "Tempt" Quan, graffiti artist from Los Angeles was the one who has come up with this
invention after being diagnosed with Lou Gehrig's disease in 2003. More on the EyeWriter
"Mind-reading" is a term used in psychology and represents the subconscious detection and
analysis of nonverbal cues, for example facial expressions and head movements. These cues
allow people to spot each other's emotional states.
This invention is the brainchild of three scientists from the MIT Media Lab. The mind-reading
machine scans brain signals of the user and alerts them to the emotional state of the individual
they are in a conversation with.
Dubbed, the Emotional Social Intelligence Prosthetic, the invention was unveiled by Rana El
Kaliouby at the 2006 Body Sensor Network Conference.
It is worth mentioning that the device could be used to help people with autism improve the
degree of learning the social cues of other people. The invention is especially useful to people
diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Condition (ASC), who often find it difficult to evaluate the
emotions of other people on their own.
More information on the device can be found.
Berkeley Bionics eLEGS Exoskeleton
Developed to help people suffering from paraplegia, the exoskeleton from Berkeley Bionics,
dubbed eLEGS, is one of the most impressive inventions of the 21st century.
The exoskeleton for paraplegics is an easy to wear, artificially intelligent, bionic mechanism that
could be used not only by patients in hospitals, but also at home, allowing users to stand, walk
and even climb stairs.
The device can be adjusted to fit patients that are between 5'2" and 6'4" and weight maximum
220 pounds. More on eLEGS can be found.