Biblical Theology 1

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Biblical Theology 1




Introduction to Biblical Theology
According to Plan Chap 4-7

Christ Interprets the Whole Bible
We only know Christ through the Bible. When he left, he gave the Holy Spirit to lead people into all
truth (John 16:13). Yet Jesus is himself the truth (John 14:6) so the Holy Spirit would testify and glorify
him. This work of the Spirit led to the preaching of the gospel by the apostles which is recorded reliably in the New Testament. This New Testament calls for us to bring our lives into conformity with its
The New Testament, including the apostles and Jesus himself, teaches that Christ is the fulfilment of
what was promised before in the Old Testament.
The Relationship of the Old Testament to Christ
Prophetic Word

Completed (Heb 1:1-2)


Fulfilled (Acts 13:32-33)

David's Line

Ended (Rom 1:2-3)

Promise to David

Fulfilled (Acts 2:30-31)

Old Testament tells of salvation

In Christ (2 Tim 3:15)

Whole Old Testament

Concerns Christ (Luke 24:27)

Therefore, what comes before Christ, as well as what comes after Christ, must be understood, and
find its meaning, in the event of the gospel.
The Old Testament is the Word of God about Christ
The overwhelming testimony of the New Testament is that Jesus is the fulfilment of the Old Testament. For example,
He said to them, "How foolish you are, and how slow of heart to believe all that the prophets
have spoken! Did not the Christ have to suffer these things and then enter his glory?" And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself. (Luke 24:25-27, NIV)
He said to them, "This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is
written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms." Then he opened their minds so
they could understand the Scriptures. (Luke 24:44-45 NIV)
You diligently study the Scriptures because you think that by them you possess eternal life. These are
the Scriptures that testify about me, yet you refuse to come to me to have life. (John 5:39-40, NIV)
The New Testament Interprets the Old
If the Old Testament points to Christ in the future, Christ and the gospel must be the definitive statement on how to understand the Old Testament. While the Old Testament can be understood in its own
context, it is only fully understood through the guidance of the New Testament. So if we want to understand the Bible, we do not begin in Genesis 1, but rather start with Christ, see how he drives us
back to the Old Testament, that we may see how it becomes an unfolding revelation of himself.
The Old Testament is a Progressively Revealed Word
When we look at the Old Testament we see the progressive development of a story about a specific
people God calls his own. So as we follow God's dealing with his people and the redemptive acts that
he makes, we ultimately observe the climax of these acts which is the ultimate redemptive act in Jesus. (Luke 1:32-33, Heb 1:1-2--for a NT perspective on the OT)

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