BUS 309 Week 9 Quiz – StrayerClick on the Link Below to Purchase A+ Graded Course Materialhttp://www.hwgala.com/BUS-309-Week-9-Quiz-Strayer-307.htmQuiz 8 Chapter 9The Workplace (2): Today's ChallengesMULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Privacya. is an absolute value.b. must be respected if we are to function as complete, self-governing agents.c. is something that employees today don't care about.d. is guaranteed by Article 3, section 3, of the Constitution. 2. The right to privacy of employeesa. takes priority over other moral considerations.b. is clearly and unambiguously spelled out by the law.c. may conflict with an organization's legitimate interests.d. has to be given up in an era of global competition. 3. When it comes to obtaining information about employees, a key concept isa. informed consent. c. economic efficiency.b. paternalism. d. positive externalities.
BUS 309 Week 9 Quiz – Strayer
Click on the Link Below to Purchase A+ Graded Course Material
Quiz 8 Chapter 9
The Workplace (2): Today's Challenges
is an absolute value.
must be respected if we are to function as
complete, self-governing agents.
is something that employees today don't
is guaranteed by Article 3, section 3, of
2. The right to privacy of employees
takes priority over other moral
is clearly and unambiguously spelled out
by the law.
may conflict with an organization's
has to be given up in an era of global
3. When it comes to obtaining information about employees, a key concept is
4. Which of the following is true?
a company is never permitted to test for
drugs can't harm employee performance
business writers agree that drug testing is
more cost effective than voluntary drug
media sensationalism and political
posturing can get in the way of sensible
answers to the drug problem
5. One key questionable premise underlying personality tests is
they sometimes screen out potentially
creative or individualistic employees.
they presuppose that all employees can be
validly placed in a small number of
they can help determine job applicants'
areas of adequacy and inadequacy.
that all individuals can usefully and
validly be placed into a relatively small
number of categories of personality types
and character traits.
6. Polygraph tests
are extraordinarily accurate contrary to
what the critics say.
can produce false positives.
cannot reveal with certainty whether a
person is or is not telling the truth.
are totally reliable because lying always
triggers an involuntary response that truth
telling does not.
7. The Hawthorne effect shows that
quality control circles are important.
middle managers are affected by the
satisfaction and dissatisfaction of the
workers they supervise.
attention and recognition can enhance
worker productivity and motivation.
trade-offs have to be made between
productivity and quality of work life.
8. Businesses cite several reasons for using polygraphs to detect lying. Which of the
following is one of those reasons?
the polygraph is a fast and economical
way to verify the information provided by
a job applicant.
polygraph tests cannot be beaten.
the polygraph can reveal with certainty
that a person is or is not telling the truth.
the polygraph allows companies to
increase the number of audits.
9. Used properly, personality tests serve two purposes in the work place. Which of the
following is one of those purposes?
Personality tests help screen applicants for
jobs by indicating areas of adequacy and
Personality tests help to determine
whether an applicant is a drug user.
Personality tests help determine how little
the business has to pay an applicant if
Personality tests help determine if an
applicant will be willing to work for low
10. Which statement has the proper perspective about drug testing?
Due process need not be followed by a
business implementing a drug-testing
program for its employees.
The government has always opposed
testing Federal employees for cocaine and
other illicit drugs.
Drug testing can only be defensible when
it is really pertinent to employee
performance and when there is a lot at
Informed consent need not be observed by
a business implementing a drug testing
program for its employees.
11. Douglas McGregor rejects Theory X, which holds that
when explained properly, everyone will
favor drug-testing programs.
workers essentially dislike work and will
do everything they can to avoid it.
workers basically like work and view it as
something natural and potentially
sexual harassment is a form of
12. An early 1970s government study ("Work in America") identified three chief sources
of worker dissatisfaction. Which of the following is one of those sources?
industry's preoccupation with quality, not
the rigidity of rules and regulations
the relatively small size of most U.S.
mandatory drug testing programs used by
many U.S. corporations
13. A fact about job satisfaction is
longevity does not correlate with job
the U.S. leads the world in the provision
a lack of job satisfaction can create mental
worker participation and improved QWL
always boost productivity.
14. Out of these four, which one is the only correct statement concerning OSHA?
Critics call OSHA a "toothless tiger".
OSHA regulates the shifts people work.
OSHA says few accidents are caused by
sleep deprivation and fatigue.
OSHA states the key to worker safety is
15. The most accurate statement about workplace safety is:
workers are often unaware of the hazards
they face on the job
employees, not their employers, are
responsible for creating a safe workplace
in an average year, 150 workers are killed
on the job
according to experts, industrial accidents
16. “Corporate in-fighting,” “management power struggles,” “maneuvering and politics
and power grabbing,” and “Machiavellian intrigues” are all phrases H. Ross Perot
uses to describe
the reality of family
the reality of the
the reality of
corporate life today.
the reality of the
drive into work.
17. Forty-three thousand workers each year are
killed on the job.
injured on the job.
fall asleep on the
18. The proper approach to promote safety is to change the “hidden culture” to
refuse to talk
openly about safety.
19. The most common reason that people leave their jobs is
too much overtime.
a poor relationship with their immediate
20. One of the three chief sources for dissatisfaction in the workplace is
lack of opportunities to be promoted
lack of opportunities to have a company
lack of opportunities to have one’s own
lack of opportunities to be one’s own boss.
21. When employees at all occupational levels are asked to rank what is important to
them, the order that put them in is:
good pay; enough authority to carry out
the work; sufficient help, support, and
information; and interesting work.
interesting work; sufficient help, support,
and information to accomplish the job;
enough authority to carry out the work;
and good pay
sufficient help, support, and information
to accomplish the job; interesting work;
enough authority to carry out the work,and
enough authority to carry out the work;
good pay; interesting work; and sufficient
help, support, and information
to accomplish the job
22. Which of the following is a true statement about the information gained from
The information the organization seeks
does not have to be related to the job.
The organization has used the polygraph
as the easiest way to gather the
information it wants.
Test results should be made public.
Not only should the organization have
job-related grounds for using the
polygraph, but these must be compelling
enough to justify violating the individual’s
privacy and psychic freedom.
23. Many major employers routinely monitor the performance of their employees through
the computers and telephones they use. Employers are allowed to
check the number of keystrokes that word
processors enter during the day.
eavesdrop on e-mail.
eavesdrop on fax transmissions.
eavesdrop on cell phone conversations.
24. A study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association showed that
postal workers who tested positive for drug use in a pre-employment urine test were at
least 50 percent more likely to be
honored for community service.
fired, injured, disciplined, or absent than
those who tested negative.
25. The United States has more of what per employee than any other industrial nation?
sprains and strains
1. As a general rule, the burden is on an organization to establish the legitimacy of
infringing on what would normally be considered the personal sphere of the
2. There is a general consensus among philosophers and lawyers about how to define the
right to privacy.
3. Informed consent implies deliberation and free choice.
4. The Employee Polygraph Protection Act permits most private employers to use lie
detectors in "pre-employment testing."
5. One problem that OSHA will have to address in the future is the increasing number of
6. Increased productivity by changing the color of the surrounding working environment
is known as the "Hawthorne effect."
7. Notification of employee monitoring constitutes consent on the part of the employee
to be monitored.
8. Privacy is widely acknowledged today to be a fundamental right.
9. The general proposition that a firm has a legitimate interest only in employee
behavior that significantly influences work performance applies equally to off-the-job
10. Businesses often claim polygraphs are a fast and economical way to verify the
information provided by a job applicant.
11. If a polygraph test is 95 percent accurate, there are unlikely to be any "false
12. When used properly, personality tests can help screen applicants for jobs by indicating
areas of adequacy and inadequacy.
13. Any drug-testing program, assuming it is warranted, must be careful to respect the
dignity and rights of the persons to be tested.
14. According to published statistics, each year in the United States nearly 100,000
workers are killed on the job.
15. Employees have a legal right to refuse to work when it exposes them to imminent
16. Fatigue and sleep deprivation are no longer prime causes of industrial accidents.
17. An early 1970s government survey of worker dissatisfaction identified that worker
dissatisfaction has been linked to the industry’s preoccupation with quantity, not
quality and the rigidity of rules and regulations.
18. One study suggests a positive correlation between job satisfaction and longevity.
19. Granting workers new responsibilities and respect can benefit the entire organization.
20. In 1928, U.S. Supreme Court Judge Louis D. Brandeis described the right to privacy,
or "the right to be left alone," as "the right most valued by men."
21. No set of assumptions about human nature is absolutely correct or incorrect, nor is
there one perfectly right way to manage.
22. The breaking up of jobs into smaller and smaller units, with each worker performing
fewer tasks but repeating them thousands of times a day, has contributed to health
problems in manufacturing.
23. OSHA requires safeguards whether or not they are "feasible."
24. Shaw and Barry argue that the world of work tends to reproduce the traditional malefemale division of labor within the family.
25. Granting workers new responsibilities and respect can benefit the entire organization.
1. Informed consent requires that two criteria be met. Briefly describe each of the
2. Give an example of legitimate, and an example of illegitimate, organizational
influence over the individual.
3. Suppose that a company has 1,000 workers, 20 of whom are thieves. Suppose, too,
that a polygraph test is 95 percent accurate. If the company subjects all its employees
to a polygraph test, how many thieves will be identified? How many innocent
employees will be falsely identified as thieves?
4. Explain one of the criticisms of personality tests in the workplace.
5. Different management theories rest on different theories of human nature. Explain one
of the theories and how it could effect management.
6. Should one's personal sexual conduct be taken into consideration for any professional
job? If no, why not? If so, what job and why?
7. The text states that in the 1970s, "the government conducted a study of work in
America ... [and] identified three chief sources of worker dissatisfaction." What are
these three sources of worker dissatisfaction?
8. What is the Hawthorne Effect?
9. What moral considerations indicate that companies should provide childcare?
10. Do workplace accidents "just happen"?
1. Explain how the findings of the Hawthorne experiment should be applied to the
2. Should the activities of a teacher outside of the classroom and school be scrutinized?
Should a teacher ever be dismissed for actions outside of the workplace? Justify your
3. “Safety in the workplace is good business.” Justify this statement with information
from this chapter.
4. “Women should be paid for maternity leave.” List the reasoning on both sides of this
5. Is drug testing ever needed for a workplace? Justify your answer.