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53. Enthusiasm:
o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o zeal – great energy or enthusiasm in pursuit of a cause or an objective gusto – enjoyment or vigor in doing something; relish zest – a quality of excitement and piquancy ardor – enthusiasm or passion Zealot – a person who is fanatical and uncompromising in pursuit of their religious, political, or other ideals. ardent – enthusiastic or passionate fervor – intense and passionate feeling fervid – intensely enthusiastic or passionate; burning, hot or glowing fervent – having or displaying a passionate intensity effervescence – the process of bubbling as gas escapes ebullience – overflowing with eager enjoyment or approval exuberance – overflowing with eager enjoyment or approval verve – vigor and spirit or enthusiasm vim – energy, enthusiasm Fanatic – a person filled with excessive and single-minded zeal, especially for an extreme religious or political cause. frenetic – fast and energetic in a rather wild and uncontrolled way Frenzied – wildly excited or uncontrolled. rabid – having or proceeding from a fanatical belief in something agog – very eager or curious to hear or see something enthusiast – a person who is highly interested in a particular activity or subject

54. Small boats:
o yacht – a medium sized sailboat equipped for cruising or racing o Kayak – a canoe of a type used originally by the Eskimo, made of a light frame with a watertight covering. o Canoe – a narrow, keel less boat with pointed ends, propelled by a paddle or paddles. o Skiff – a shallow, flat-bottomed open boat with sharp bow and square stern. o Raft – a flat buoyant structure of timber fastened together, used as a boat or floating platform. o regatta – a sporting event consisting of a series of boat or yacht races

55. Ships:
o vessel – a ship or large boat o barge – a long flat bottomed boat for carrying freight, typically on canals and rivers, either under its own power or towed by another. o Galleon – a sailing ship in use (esp. by Spain) from the 15th through 17th centuries, originally as a warship, later for trade. o galliard – a lively dance in triple time for two people, including complicated turns and steps o windjammer – a merchant sailing ship o argosy – a large merchant ship o armada – a fleet of warships o tugboat – a small, powerful boat used for towing larger boats and ships, esp. in harbor o wake – a trail of disturbed water or air left by the passage of a ship or aircraft

56. Good Smell:
o aromatic – having a pleasant and distinctive smell o redolent – strongly smelling of something; odoriferous; scented; odorous 1

o o o o

nosegay – a small bunch of flowers, typically one that is sweet-scented; bouquet; posy fragrance – a pleasant, sweet smell; a perfume or aftershave incense – a gum, spice or other substance that is burned for the sweet smell it produces; frankincense balmy – (of the weather) pleasantly warm

57. Bad Smell:
o Foul – offensive to the senses, esp. through having a disgusting smell or taste or being unpleasantly soiled. o pungent – having a sharply strong taste or smell o reek – smell strongly and unpleasantly; stink; a foul smell o miasma – a highly unpleasant or unhealthy smell or vapor o malodorous – smelling very unpleasant; olid o effluvium – an unpleasant or harmful odor, secretion or discharge o Musty – having a stale, moldy, or damp smell. o noisome – having an extremely offensive smell o noxious – harmful, poisonous or very unpleasant; pernicious o miasma – a highly unpleasant or unhealthy smell or vapor o stink – have a strong unpleasant smell o stale - (of food) no longer fresh and pleasant to eat; hard, musty, or dry o rancid – (of foods containing fat or oil) smelling or tasting unpleasant as a result of being old and stale; rank o fetid – smelling extremely unpleasant o putrid – (of organic matter) decaying or rotting and emitting a fetid smell o skunk

58. Cheat:
o deceive – (of a person) cause someone to believe something that is not true, typically in order to gain some personal advantage o deceit – the action or practice of deceiving someone by concealing or misinterpreting the truth; a dishonest act or statement o delude – impose a misleading belief upon someone; deceive; fool o dupe – deceive; trick; a victim of deception o chisel – a hand tool with a squared, beveled blade for shaping wood, stone, or metal o chicanery – the use of trickery to achieve a political, financial, or legal purpose o bilk – obtain or withhold money by deceit or without justification; cheat or defraud o cozen – trick or deceive; obtain by deception o swindle – use deception to deprive someone of money or possessions o skullduggery – trickery, verbal misinterpretation intended to take advantage of you in some way o artifice – clever or cunning devices or expedients, esp. used to trick or deceive others o guile – sly or cunning intelligence; ruse; craftiness; wile; deception o beguile – charm or enchant someone, sometimes in a deceptive way; trick someone into doing something o hoodwink – deceive or trick someone; bamboozle; delude o gull – a person who is fooled or deceived o hoax – a humorous or malicious deception; deceive with a hoax o pastiche – an artistic work in a style that imitates of another work, artist, or period; imitate the style of (an artist or work) o embezzlement – the fraudulent appropriation of funds or property entrusted to your care but actually owned by someone else 2

59. Defamatory/Harmful and often untrue:
o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o aspersion – an attack on the reputation or integrity of someone or something slander – the action or crime of making a false spoken statement damaging to a person’s reputation calumny – a false and slanderous statement libel – a published false statement that is damaging to a person’s reputation; a written defamation infamy – a state of extreme dishonor vilification – smear : slanderous defamation detraction – a petty disparagement slight – insult someone by treating or speaking of them without proper respect or attention slur – speak words indistinctly so that the sounds run into one another snub – rebuff, ignore, or spurn disdainfully; an act of showing disdain or a lack of cordiality by rebuffing or ignoring someone or something epithet – such a word or phrase as a term of abuse barb – a sharp projection near the end of an arrow, fishhook, or similar item, angled away from the main point so as to make extraction difficult decry – publicly denounce deprecate – express disapproval of debase – reduce something in quality or value; lower the moral character of someone degrade – treat or regard someone with contempt or disrespect discredit – harm the good reputation of someone or something opprobrium – harsh criticism or censure; the public disgrace arising from someone’s shameful conduct obloquy – strong public criticism or verbal abuse; disgrace, esp. that brought about by public disgrace malign – evil in nature or effect; speak about someone in a spitefully critical manner soil – make dirty defile – sully, mar, or spoil smirch – make something dirty besmirch – damage the reputation of someone or something in the opinion of others sully – damage the purity or integrity of denigrate – criticize unfairly; disparage

60. Disgrace/ Shame:
o o o o o o o o o o obloquy - strong public criticism or verbal abuse; disgrace, esp. that brought about by public disgrace opprobrium - harsh criticism or censure; the public disgrace arising from someone’s shameful conduct ignominy – public shame or disgrace stigma – a mark of disgrace associated with a particular circumstance, quality or person dishonor – a state of shame or disgrace ill repute odium – general or widespread hatred or disgust directed toward someone Brunel infamy – a state of extreme dishonor infamous – well known for some bad quality or deed; wicked; abominable

61. Great Quantity/Profusion:
o o o o o abundance – a very large quantity of something replete – filled or well supplied with something astronomical – of or relating to astronomy plethora – an excess of a bodily fluid, particularly blood copious – abundant in supply or quantity 3

o o o o o o o o o o

bountiful – large in quantity; abundant; giving generously teeming – be full of or swarming with affluence – abundant wealth ample – enough or more than enough; large and accommodating plentiful – existing in yielding great quantities; abundant plenary – unqualified; absolute plenitude – an abundance; the condition of being full or complete opulence – luxury; wealth as evidenced by sumptuous living extreme wealth corpulence – the property of excessive fatness

62. Great/Large in number:
o o o o o o o o o scads – a large number of quantity googol – equivalent to ten raised to the power of a hundred umpteen – indefinitely many; a lot of myriad – a countless or extremely great number rife – (esp. of something undesirable or harmful) of common occurrence; widespread rampant – (esp. of something unpleasant) flourishing or spreading unchecked superfluous – unnecessary, esp. through being more than enough supererogatory – excess : more than is needed, desired or required Supernumerary – present in the excess of the normal or requisite number, in particular.

63. Black Magic:
o o o o o o o o o o o o voodoo – affect someone by the practice of witchcraft wizardry – the art or practice of magic Witchcraft – the practice of magic, esp. black magic; the use os spells and the invocation of spirits. sorcery – the use of magic, esp. black magic necromancy – the supposed practice of communicating with the dead, esp. in order to predict the future conjure – make something appear unexpectedly or seemingly from nowhere as if by magic; call an image to mind exorcise – drive out or attempt to drive out an evil spirit from a person or place; rid a person or place of an evil spirit prestidigitation – magic tricks performed as entertainment; legerdemain; jugglery sleight of hand – manual dexterity in the execution of tricks thaumaturgy – magic; any art that invokes supernatural powers levitate – rise and hover in the air, esp. by means of supernatural or magical power incantation – a series of words said as a magic spell or charm

64. People who spend a lot of money:
o o o o o o o o o o lavish – sumptuously rich and elaborate luxurious – extremely comfortable, elegant or enjoyable, esp. in a way that involves great expense spendthrift – a person who spends money in an extravagant, irresponsible way thriftless – (of a person or their behavior) spending money in an extravagan and wasteful way extravagant – lacking restraint in spending money or using resources; costing too much money exorbitant – (of a price or amount charged) unreasonably high sportive – playful; lighthearted wastrel – a wasteful or good for nothing person squander – waste (something, esp. money or time) in a reckless and foolish manner fritter – waste time, money, or energy on trifling matters 4

o o o o o

splurge – an act of spending money freely or extravagantly improvident – not having or showing foresight; spendthrift or thoughtless prodigal – spending money or resources freely and recklessly; wastefully extravagant profligate – recklessly extravagant or wasteful in the use of resources profusion – an abundance or large quantity of something

65. People who spend money economically:
economical – giving good value or service in relation to the amount of money, time or effort spent frugal – sparing or economical with regard to money or food provident – making or indicative of timely preparation for the future sumptuary – relating to or denoting laws that limit private expenditure on food and personal items thrifty – (of a person or their behavior) using money and their resources carefully and not wastefully skimp – expend or use less time, money or material on something than is necessary in an attempt to economize o scrimp – be thrifty or parsimonious; economize o o o o o o

66. People who have money but don’t spend:
o o o o o o o o o o stingy – unwilling to spend or give; ungenerous; insufficient in quantity; scanty niggard – a stingy or ungenerous person miser – a person who hoards wealth and spends as little money as possible scrooge – a person who is miserly penny pincher – someone who is excessively careful with money penurious – extremely poor; poverty stricken parsimonious – unwilling to spend money or use resources; stingy or frugal skin flint – an avaricious man or woman curmudgeon – a bad tempered or surly person abject – (of a situation or condition) extremely bad, unpleasant; and degrading

67. People who don’t have money:
o o o o o o o o o o o o o o o penurious - extremely poor; poverty stricken impoverished – make (a person or area) poor impecunious – having little or no money indigent – poor; needy pauper – a very poor person; a recipient of government relief or public charity destitute – without the basic necessities of life penniless – (of a person) having no money; very poor poverty-stricken – poor enough to need help from others ragamuffin – a person, typically a child, in ragged, dirty clothes tatterdemalion – tattered : worn to shreds; or wearing torn or ragged clothing mangy – having mange; in poor condition; shabby adversity – difficulties; misfortune mendicant – given to begging; a beggar cadger – someone who tries to get something free friar – a member of any of certain religious orders of men, esp. the four mendicant orders(Augustinians, Carmelites, Dominicans and Franciscans) o panhandler – a beggar who approaches strangers asking for money o trump – a trumpet or trumpet blast o trollop – a woman perceived as sexually disreputable or promiscuous 5

68. People who are unable to pay debts:
o bankrupt – a person judged by court to be insolvent, whose property is taken and disposed of for the benefit of creditors o insolvent – unable to pay debts o deadbeat – a person who tries to evade paying debts o defaulter – a person who fails to fulfill a duty, obligation, or undertaking, esp. to pay a debt o arrears – money that is owed and should have been paid earlier o indebted – owing money o Amortize – reduce or extinguish (a debt) by money regularly put aside.


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