Classification of Mental Illness

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How mental Illness are Classified?

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CLASSIICATION OF MENTAL DISORDERS
By: Sathish Rajamani M. Sc (N)

INTRODUCTION

ICD – 10 (1992)

DSM – IV – TR (2000)

INTERNATIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF DISEASE 10th Revision (1992)
• 1960’s – WHO drafted ICD – 8 • 1979 – ICD 9 • 2000 – ICD – 10 Revised • ICD 9 Used Numeric Codes for Classification of Diseases, where as ICD – 10 adopted Alpha Numeric Codes (A00 – 299) • CHAPTER V in ICD 10 Classifies the Mental and Behavioral Disorders

ICD – 10 CLASSIFICATION
• Organic, Including Symptomatic Brain Disorders • Dementia • Delirium • Amnestic Syndrome

F00 – F09

ICD – 10 CLASSIFICATION
• Mental and Behavioral disorders due to Psychoactive Substance Use • Alcohol and Drug Use

F10 – F19

ICD – 10 CLASSIFICATION
• Schizophrenia, Schizotypal and Delusional disorders • Schizophrenia • Schizotypal disorder • Persistent Delusional disorders • Acute and Transient Psychotic disorders

F20 – F29

ICD – 10 CLASSIFICATION
• Mood (Affective) Disorders • Manic Episode • Bipolar Affective Disorders • Depressive Episode • Recurrent Depressive Disorder • Persistent Mood (Affective) Disorders

F30 – F39

ICD – 10 CLASSIFICATION
• Neurotic Stress Related and Somatoform Disorders • Phobic Anxiety Disorder • Other Anxiety Disorder • Obsessive – Compulsive disorder • Dissociative (Conversion) Disorder • Somatoform Disorders • Other Neurotic Disorders

F40 – F48

ICD – 10 CLASSIFICATION
• Behavioral Syndromes Associated with Physiological Disturbances and Physical Factors • Eating Disorders • Non Organic Sleep Disorders • Sexual Dysfunction not caused by organic disorders or Disease • Mental and Behavioral disorders associated with the puerperium not elsewhere classified

F50 – F59

ICD – 10 CLASSIFICATION
• Disorders of Adult Personality and Behavior • Specific Personality Disorder • Mixed and other PD • Habit and Impulse Disorder • Gender Identity Disorder • Disorders of Sexual Preferences

F60 – F69

ICD – 10 CLASSIFICATION

F70 – F79

• Mental Retardation • Mild MR • Moderate MR • Severe MR • Profound MR

ICD – 10 CLASSIFICATION
• Disorders of Psychological Development • Specific Developmental disorders of speech and language • Specific Developmental disorders of Scholastic Skills • Specific Developmental disorders of Motor Function • Mixed Specific developmental disorders • Pervasive Developmental disorders

F80 – F89

ICD – 10 CLASSIFICATION
• Behavioral and Emotional Disorders with Onset Usually Occurring in Childhood and Adolescence

F90 – F98

• • • •

Hyperkinetic Disorders Conduct Disorders Mixed disorders of Conduct and Emotions Disorders of Social Functioning with onset Specific to childhood and Adolescence • Tic Disorders • Other Behavioural and emotional Disorders

ICD – 10 CLASSIFICATION

• Unspecified Mental Disorders

F99

DIAGNOSTIC STATISTICAL MANNUAL. IV - TR
• American Psychiatric Association • DSM – I (1952) • DSM – II (1968) • DSM – III (1980) • DSM – IV (1994) • DSM System of Classification of Mental Disorders is a Multi axial system

DIAGNOSTIC STATISTICAL MANNUAL. IV - TR
• Axis I: Clinical Syndromes (Organic mental disorders, Mood disorders, Schizophrenia, and Substance abuse) • Axis II: Personality Disorders in Adult and developmental disorders in Children • Axis III: Physical Disorders • Axis IV: Severity of Psychosocial Stressors • Axis V: Highest level of Adaptive Functioning Past Year

Indian Classification of Mental Illness

Neurosis
•Anxiety Neurosis •Depressive Neurosis •Hysterical Neurosis •Obsessive Compulsive Neurosis •Phobic Neurosis

Special Disorders
• Child Hood Disorders (Conduct & Emotional) • Personality Disorders (Sociopath & Psychopath) • Substance abuses (Alcohol & Drugs) • Psycho physiological Disorders (Asthma & Psoriasis) • Mental Retardation (Mild, Moderate, Severe & Profound)

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