Climate Of the Philippines

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Know About The Climate in The Philippines

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NORTHWEST SAMAR STATE UNIVERSIT

CALBAYOG CITY
COLLEGE OF MANAGEMENT
Subject: Nat.Sci
Science)

Physical

Science

(Earth

School Year/Sem: 2015-2016/1st Semester
College Year/Section: BSBA 1A
Topic: Climate of the Phillipines
Reporter: Edraga, Shienna Rose A.

CLIMATE OF THE PHILLIPINES
*THE 4 CLIMATES
The Climate of the Philippines is either tropical rainforest,
tropical savanna or tropical monsoon, or humid
subtropical (in higher-altitude areas) characterized by
relatively high temperature, oppressive humidity and
plenty of rainfall.There are two seasons in the country, the
wet season and the dry season, based upon the amount of
rainfall.
This is dependent as well on your location in the country
as some areas experience rain all throughout the year
(see Climate Types).The seven warmest months of the
year are from March to October.

The winter monsoon brings cooler air from November to
February. May is the warmest month, and January, the
coolest.There are four recognized climate types in the
Philippines, and they are based on the distribution of
rainfall. They are described as follows:

Type I.. Two pronounced season: dry from November to
April and wet during the rest of the year.

Type II. No dry season with a pronounced rainfall from
November to January.

Type III. Seasons are not very pronounced, relatively dry
from November to April, and wet during the rest of the
year.

Type IV. Rainfall is more or less evenly distributed
throughout the year.
There are three recognized seasons: Tag-init or Tag-araw
(the hot season or summer from March to May), Tag-ulan
(the rainy season from June to November), and Taglamig
(the cold season from December to February).
The humid southwest monsoon (May-October) is known as
"Habagat". The cool and dry winds of the northeast
monsoon (November April) are called "Amihan".These
seasons can seriously get mixed up by the El Niño / La
Niña effects. El Niño brings dry weather and even
droughts. La Niña stands for rainy weather and floods.

The Dry Season
The Philippines dry season starts in December and runs through
to about June. This period does not encounter any monsoons, you
do however have the consistent trade winds blowing from northeast which are generally dry.
Don't let this fool you as you are in the tropics and rain can fall
any day. If it rains in the dry season it will usually be a nice
afternoon shower to cool you down and wash the dust away, more
relieving than anything else.
Within the Philippines dry season you will encounter two
temperatures. During the months of December to February you
can expect cool and dry weather. January is the coolest month of
the year, when we say coolest you can expect a temperature
around 22 degrees Celsius, which is really quite nice. Up in the
Cordilleras they nearly freeze at 6 degrees Celsius.
From March to June you can expect hot and dry weather. May is
the hottest month of the year, you can expect temperatures in
the high thirties degree Celsius and at night , if it gets below 27
degrees Celsius, then you are lucky. Make sure you have air
conditioning or at least a fan.

The Wet Season

With the high humidity and heat of the months May and June it is
not surprising that something has to give, it just cannot stay this
sticky forever and you are right. The season will break, usually in
July. It is July through to November that the rains come and boy do
they come. These rains are called monsoons and are a constant
wind bringing rain.
Each year during the southwestern monsoon the Philippines
climate also attracts typhoons which batter the Pacific eastern
coastline of Luzon , Samar , Leyte but nearly never Mindanao .
The typhoons come in from the Western Pacific in a north-westerly
direction, they also whip up the Philippines surf.
In the last years we counted less typhoons per year but they were
more violent and made landfall in the north and in the south. In
2009 a series of four cyclones battered northern Luzon in one
month.

Typhoon Season
Every year tropical cyclones build up over the northwestern
Pacific. In the first phase they usually move from southeast to
west.
Then most of them, but not all, veer towards north and then
north-east. Some of these cyclones leave crazy tracks. In 2012
typhoon Tembin/Igme passed twice at Taiwan's southern coast.

The strongest cyclone that ever did make landfall had been
Haiyan/Yolanda in November 2013. This Super Typhoon Cat.5
devastated parts of Leyte and Samar and left a trace of
destruction over the central Visayas.

*Typhoon Statistics

We analyze all tropical storms and typhoons of 100°-140° east
and 0°-40° north from 1950 to now. We only count storms with
sustained wind speed (10 minutes average) of over 65 km/h.
About 50% of all storms does not make landfall and only few
touch the Philippines.

The 63 years average is 26 storms and typhoons per year over
the northwestern Pacific.
January to end of April can be considered as storm/typhoon free
months. May and June and later in the year November and
December are moderate with an average of 2 storms/typhoons
making landfall in the Philippines.
But from July to end of October there are up to 6 tropical
storms or typhoons making landfall in the Philippines.
Most typhoons hit northern Luzon with a yearly average of 3.7
storms.
Then follow the Central Visayas with 2. storms per year and the
Eastern Visayas - Leyte/Samar with 1.9 storms.
The Bicol region and the National Capital Region (NCR) count 1.2
storms that make landfall.
The safest regions are Mindanao and southern Palawan. Southwestern Mindanao nearly never gets hit by a strong storm.

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