College Vs. High School

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__________________________

Texter’s Choice
Balisi, Kristel Anne R. Francisco III, Jose Bautista Gaspay, Robea Marie Isada, Aaron Kyle Sanvictores, Arthur

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Chapter I
INTRODUCTION
College and High School students of Las Pinas City are fervent communicators. The communication frequently with a variety of important people in their lives: friends and peers, parents, teachers, coaches, bosses, and a myriad of other adults and institutions. This report examines the toolsCollege and High School students use to communicate, with a particular focus on mobile devices and networks. What follows are the findings from a study conducted by our group in DFCAMCLP and Las Pinas East National High School. The data discussed in this report are the result of a representative random survey of DFCAMers and Verdanians. The survey was fielded October 3, 2013, and was administered by questionnaires, in English to 200 DFCAMers and Verdanians.

MOBILE PHONE
A mobile phone (also known as a cellular phone, cell phone, and a hand phone) is a device that can make and receive telephone calls over a radio link while moving around a wide geographic area. From 1990 to 2011, worldwide mobile phone subscriptions grew from 12.4 million to over 6 billion, penetrating about 87% of the global population and reaching the bottom of the economic pyramid. In addition to telephony, modern mobile phones also support a wide variety of other services such as text messaging, MMS, email, Internet access, short-range wireless communications (infrared, Bluetooth), business applications, gaming and photography. Mobile phones that offer these and more general computing capabilities are referred to as smartphones.

TEXTING
Text messaging, or texting, is the act of typing and sending a brief, electronic message between two or more mobile phones or fixed or portable devices over a phone network. The term originally referred to messages sent using the Short Message Service (SMS); it has grown to include messages containing image, video, and sound content (known as MMS messages). The sender of a text message is known as a texter, while the service itself has different colloquialisms depending on the region

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OBJECTIVES
1. To determine whether the high school students have greater interest in texting than college students. 2. To distinguish what is the most used network among the respondents. 3. To prove that texting affects the writing abilities of the students. 4. To get the idea of the reason why the students do texting. 5. To know how much students spend on texting.
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BACKGROUND & SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
In today’s day and age almost everyone owns a mobile phone. With this dependency on technology people tend to rely more and more on communication by cellphone and less on face-to-face, in-person interactions. Nowadays talking over the phone is becoming less common while texting is becoming the new primary source of communication between friends, colleagues and family members. SMS is the most widely used data application, with an estimated 3.5 billion active users, or about 80% of all mobile phone subscribers at the end of 2010. The term "SMS" is used for all types of short text messaging and the user activity itself in many parts of the world. SMS is also employed in direct marketing, known as SMS marketing. Text messages have their advantages and disadvantages at times.

ADVANTAGES:
 You can customize quick notes automatically to send to someone without having to type question or sentence each time.  You are able to send a message to someone to ask them to call you later regarding something important. At the same time though it doesn't interrupt them with a phone call.  It allows receiver to respond back to you when it is most convenient to them.  The privacy to exchange messages with each other without fear of other people knowing what you and another individual are talking about.

DISADVANTAGES:
 Grammatical Errors - It is common to see grammatical errors while texting. Shortcuts and acronyms are used regularly and are starting to become a trend. Not only are they being used as a writing style for texting but accidentally used by high school and college

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students everywhere in research and term papers. Some business professional also find themselves occasionally slipping and using “u” instead of “you” and having to go back and correct their business emails.It is important as an elite member of society to show your intellectual prowess and avoid these grammatical errors. If there are typos in your work as a person in the workforce, you instantly lose credibility and a sense of professionalism. And let’s be honest… how much longer will it take you to type “later” than “l8er”?  Communication Skills - Texting on a daily basis makes it easy to avoid speaking with people on the phone. We, nowadays, tend to minimize face time and even minimize our phone conversations. By doing so, our communication skills suffer- we start to lose our conversation etiquette. Personal conversations also suffer, becoming less natural and choppy, resembling our text messaging conversations.  Instant Communication -There is a sense of instant communication that has been found which allows people to talk to anyone anytime. Whether it is during class or in a movie theatre, text messages are being sent when communication was once perceived as next to impossible. With information traveling around at such a rapid pace, take some time to make sure that everything that you are saying is accurate.  Closing Thought - While texting instead of talking face-to-face can hinder your communication and social skills, there is also something to be said about the loss of certain experiences that accumulates when the only interpersonal communication one experiences is fully digital. While you may feel like you are being more social now that you can text a 100 character message to any of your friends or partners at any given moment of the day, you cannot ever give or receive the full story over a digital device.When you do not have the person that you are conversing with physically in front of you, you are not given access to all the subtle body language and facial signals and responses that are occurring whether or not they are available to you. Sometimes these subtleties are more important than the actual language that is used to express a person’s feelings or thoughts. It is great to be able to text wh en you have something quick to tell or ask someone, but if you are having deep and meaningful conversations through your smartphone, you are missing out on the important stuff. This study shows if the stated advantage and disadvantage above does really affects the student.

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HYPOTHESIS

HO:
 College students text more than high school students do.  Emergency is not the main reason why students text.  Globe is not the most used network among students.

HA:
 High school students text more than college students do.  Emergency is the main reason why students text.  Globe is the most used network among the students.

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CHAPTER II
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Texting and Mobile Phones
OVERVIEW

Daily text messaging among American teens has shot up in the past 18 months, from 38% of teens texting friends daily in February of 2008 to 54% of teens texting daily in September 2009. And it's not just frequency – teens are sending enormous quantities of text messages a day. Half of teens send 50 or more text messages a day, or 1,500 texts a month, and one in three send more than 100 texts a day, or more than 3,000 texts a month. Older teen girls ages 14-17 lead the charge on text messaging, averaging 100 messages a day for the entire cohort. The youngest teen boys are the most resistant to texting – averaging 20 messages per day. Text messaging has become the primary way that teens reach their friends, surpassing face-toface contact, email, instant messaging and voice calling as the go-to daily communication tool for this age group. However, voice calling is still the preferred mode for reaching parents for most teens.
ABOUT THE SURVEY

This study is based on the 2009 Parent-Teen Cell Phone Survey which obtained telephone interviews with a nationally representative sample of 800 teens age 12-to-17 years-old and their parents living in the continental United States and on 9 focus groups conducted in 4 U.S. cities in June and October 2009 with teens between the ages of 12 and 18. The survey was conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International. The interviews were done in English by Princeton Data Source, LLC from June 26 to September 24, 2009. Statistical results are weighted to correct known demographic discrepancies.

Teens and Mobile Phones Over the Past Five Years: Pew Internet Looks Back
OVERVIEW

Teenagers have previously lagged behind adults in their ownership of cell phones, but several years of survey data collected by the Pew Internet & American Life Project show that those ages 12-17 are closing the gap in cell phone ownership. The Project first began surveying

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teenagers about their mobile phones in its 2004 Teens and Parents project when a survey showed that 45% of teens had a cell phone. Since that time, mobile phone use has climbed steadily among teens ages 12 to 17 – to 63% in fall of 2006 to 71% in early 2008. In comparison, 77% of all adults (and 88% of parents) had a cell phone or other mobile device at a similar point in 2008. Cell phone ownership among adults has since risen to 85%, based on the results of our most recent tracking survey of adults conducted in April 2009. The Project is currently conducting a survey of teens and their parents and will be releasing the new figures in early 2010. We went back to our databanks in light of the intriguing findings about adult mobile phone use in two of our recent reports, and to help lay the ground work for our current project on youth and mobile phones. This memo is the result of our data mining.
ABOUT THE SURVEY

Four different teen data sets were used to produce this report, along with data from four adult-only tracking surveys. Unless otherwise February 2008. The Parent and Teen Survey on Gaming and Civic Engagement, sponsored by the Pew Internet and American Life Project and supported by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, obtained telephone interviews with a nationally representative sample of 1102 12- to 17year-olds and their parents in continental U.S. telephone households. The survey was conducted by Princeton Survey Research International. Interviews were done in English by Princeton Data Source, LLC, from November 1, 2007, to February 5, 2008. Statistical results are weighted to correct known demographic discrepancies. The margin of sampling error for the complete set of weighted data is ±3.2%. For more details please see the methodology section at the end of this report.specified, the data in this report comes from the Teens, Gaming and Civics survey, fielded between November 2007 and

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CHAPTER III
METHODOLOGY, SAMPLE, DATA COLLECTION PROCEDURE
This research is based on the findings of a survey on DFCAMers’ and Verdanians use of texting. The results in this research are based on data from the surveys conducted by our group October 3, 2013, among a sample of 100 DFCAMers, age 16 and older and 100 Verdanians, age 12 to 17. Gender Age Year level 100 Female = 100Male Random Random

Education stage 100 College = 100 High School

Questionnaires:
1. What is the network of your sim ? others, specify _____ A. Globe B. Smart C. TM D. TNT 2. A. B. C. D. How much money do you spend for load ? 10 – 20 21 – 40 41 -60 61 and above

3. What kind of load promo do you buy ? A. Unlitext B. Unlicall

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C. Regular load 4. A. B. C. D. 5. A. B. C. D. How many hours do you spend in texting ? 1 – 2 hours 3 – 4 hours 5 – 6 hours 6 hours and above Usually, how many text messages do you send? 1 – 30 31 – 60 61 – 90 91 and above

6. What are the reasons why you are texting? ________ 7. Do you text during class hours? A. Yes B. No 8. Do you think texting improve your writing skills ? A. Yes B. No

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CHAPTER IV
PRESENTATION OF DATA

COLLEGE STUDENT vs HIGH SCHOOL
Our group made a chart every question that compares the answers of college and high school students.

What is the network of your sim ?
35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 GLOBE SMART College High School TM TNT 18 19 23 32 29 20 30 23

This graph state that the most used network among the high school students is Smart Buddy while in college students is Talk’n text

How much money do you spend for load?
61 AND ABOVE 41 TO 60 21 TO 40 10 TO 20 0 10 20 High School 30 College 40 5 11 30 33 58 49 50 60 7 7

This graph shows that most of the high school and college students spend 10 – 20 php only for load. But the college student spends more than the high school students.

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What kind of promo do you buy?
80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 UNLITEXT UNLICALL College High School REGULAR LOAD

This graph shows that college student and high school students prefer unlitext promo but college students have the most number who purchased unlitext promo.

How many hours do you spend in texting ?
6 HOURS AND ABOVE 31 39 10 10 17 20 42 1 TO 2 HOURS 31 0 5 10 15 High School 20 College 25 30 35 40 45

5 TO 6 HOURS

3 TO 4 HOURS

This graph shows that most of the college students spend more time in texting than high school students do. Most of the high school students spend texting for 1 to 2 hours only.

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Usually, how many text messages do you send ?
50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 1 TO 30 31 TO 60 College 61 TO 90 High School 91 AND ABOVE 11 11 5 21 20 42 48 42

This graph shows that college students send more text messages a day than the high school students do. Most of the high school students send 1 to 30 messages a day while most of the college students send 91 and above number of messages a day.

OTHERS(CRUSH, LOVE, ETC.)

10 9 11 14 9 9 23 11 47 57 0 10 20 High School College 30 40 50 60

FOR EMERGENCY

FOR GATHERING INFORMATION

FOR FUN

FOR COMMUNICATION

This graph shows that both college students and high school student’s reason of texting is to communicate but most number of communicator are the college students.

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Do you text during class hours ?
90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 YES College High School NO 13 40 60 87

This graph shows both college students and high school students text even during class hours but the most number of texter during class hours are the college students.

Do you think texting improves your writing skills ?
57 NO 75

43 YES 25

0

10

20

30

40 High School College

50

60

70

80

This graph shows that both college students and high school students believe that texting does not improve the writing skills but most number are the college students.

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All Respondents(n=200)
Gender:  Female (n=100) 50%  Male (n=100) 50% Age  12 – 13 (n=26) 13%  14 – 15(n=67) 33.5%  16 – 17 (n=56) 28%  18 – 19 (n=37) 18.5%  20 – 21 (n=12) 6%  22 – 23 (n=2) 1%

College (n=100)
50% 50%

High School (n=100)
50% 50%

0% 0% 87.5% 100% 100% 100%

100% 100% 12.5% 0% 0% 0%

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CHAPTER V
CONCLUSION
Based on our study, we can conclude that the most used network by college and high school students is Smart. We can infer that the promos they offer are widely accepted by the students. The second graph shows that the college and high school students responded the same; they do not spend much money for texting. Third, we can conclude that college students are more into texting than the high school ones. That is based on the number of hours that they spend in texting and the load promos that they buy. Although the college students consume more time in texting, it doesn’t necessarily mean that they are wasting their time. Because based on our survey, the main reason why they are texting is to gather information. While most of all of the high school students text to have fun. We can also conclude that High school students are more disciplined than the college students. We can say so because our study shows that more college students still do text during class hours than those of the high school. Lastly, we can conclude that the college students are more aware of the disadvantages of spending so much time in texting, and that is having a hard time in honing their writing skills.

RECOMMENDATION
As a help to the telecommunication companies, we recommend that they should consider the college students to be the target market for their sales promotion since they text more than the high school ones. We also suggest that they should continue the kind of promos that they offer since it is accustomed by the market---students. For the school authorities, we recommend that they should strictly implement the rules of not using their mobile phones while having classes because it diverts their focus in their lessons.

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