Commercial Center Research 100

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RESEARCH 100: COMMERCIAL CENTER

BULACAN STATE UNIVERSITY

COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE OF FINE ARTS  CITY OF MALOLOS 

RESEARCH 100



COMMERCIAL CENTER ”  SUBMITTED BY:

FERNANDO, CHIARA LYN R. BSAR-3B  RODRIGUEZ, MA. BEATRIZ G. BSAR-3B  SANTOS, CHRISTINE L. BSAR-3B  SUBMITTED TO:

ARCH. ROGER MAGSAKAY 

 

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RESEARCH 100: COMMERCIAL CENTER

DECEMBER 10, 2012

TABLE OF CONTENTS: I. 

RESEARCH 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

USER’S VIEW OF COMMERCIAL CENTERS  

 

STANDARDS OF CINEMA DESIGN

 

COMMERCIAL CENTERS CAN BE “GREEN”  

 

ACCORDING TO THE NATIONAL BUILDING CODE

 

ACCESSIBILITY LAW

 

EXISTING COMMERCIAL CENTERS













II. 

CONCEPTUAL FOUNDATIONS  

ORGANIZATIONAL AND FUNCTIONAL STUDIES

 

DESIGN CONCEPT

 

CONSIDERATIONS







 

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RESEARCH 100: COMMERCIAL CENTER

 



POSSIBLE ARCHITECTURAL SOLUTIONS

INTRODUCTION TO A COMMERCIAL CENTER A COMMERCIAL CENTER IS A GROUP OF RETAIL STORES PLANNED AND DESIGNED FOR THE SITE ON WHICH THEY ARE BUILT, TO SERVE THE SHOPPING NEEDS OF NEW URBAN AND FRINGE GROWTH. COMMERCIAL CENTERS (ALSO CALLED DOWNTOWNS, CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICTS, AND URBAN VILLAGES) CONTAIN A CONCENTRATION OF BUSINESS, CIVIC AND CULTURAL ACTIVITIES, CREATING CONDITIONS THAT FACILITATE INTERACTION AND EXCHANGE. THIS INCREASES OVERALL ACCESSIBILITY. VIBRANT COMMERCIAL CENTERS HAVE THE FOLLOWING ATTRIBUTES:

 

 

DENSITY AND CLUSTERING . COMMERCIAL CENTERS SHOULD BE MEDIUM- TO HIGH-DENSITY, WITH MULTI-STORY BUILDINGS. DENSITIES OF 50 EMPLOYEES OR MORE PER GROSS ACRE ARE DESIRABLE. AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE THE GROUND FLOOR OF BUILDINGS SHOULD HAVE ACTIVITIES AND SERVICES THAT INVOLVE FREQUENT PUBLIC INTERACTION (SUCH AS RETAIL, PROFESSIONAL SERVICES, CIVIC OFFICES, ETC.), WITH OFFICE OR RESIDENTIAL ACTIVITIES ABOVE, WHICH CREATES AN ATTRACTIVE STREET ENVIRONMENT WHILE ACCOMMODA ACCOMMODATING TING DENSE EMPLOYMENT.

 

DIVERSITY.

 

LOCAL AND REGIONAL IMPORTANCE.

 

WALKABILITY . MOST COMMERCIAL CENTERS ARE LESS THAN 250 ACRES IN SIZE SO ALL DESTINATIONS ARE WITHIN ABOUT 10-MINUTE WALK, WITH GOOD SIDEWALKS AND PATHWAYS, PEDESTRIAN SHORTCUTS,









CENTERS CONTAIN A DIVERSE MIX OF OFFICE AND RETAIL SPACE, BANKS AND LAW OFFICES, PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS (SUCH AS CITY HALL, H ALL, COURTHOUSES, AND OTHER GOVERNMENT OFFICES), ENTERTAINMENT AND ARTS ACTIVITIES, AND OTHER SUITABLE INDUSTRIES. I NDUSTRIES. INCREASINGLY, COMMERCIAL COMMERCIAL CENTERS ALSO HAVE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS, EITHER WITHIN OR NEARBY. COMMERCIAL CENTERS SHOULD CONTAIN A SIGNIFICANT PORTION OF TOTAL REGIONAL EMPLOYMENT AND BUSINESS ACTIVITY.

 

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RESEARCH 100: COMMERCIAL CENTER

ATTRACTIVE STREETSCAPES, PEDESTRIAN SCALE AND ORIENTATION, RELATIVELY NARROW STREETS (4 LANES OR LESS IS DESIRABLE), RELATIVELY SLOW VEHICLE TRAFFIC (30 MILES-PER-HOUR OR LESS IS DESIRABLE), UNIVERSAL DESIGN, AND A HIGH DEGREE OF PEDESTRIAN SECURITY. SOME HAVE HAVEPEDWAYS, PEDWAYS, WHICH ARE INDOOR WALKING NETWORKS THAT CONNECT BUILDINGS AND TRANSPORTATION TERMINALS.  



TRANSPORTATION DIVERSITY .

THE AREA SHOULD BE ACCESSIBLE BY WALKING, CYCLING, TAXI, AUTOMOBILE, AND

PUBLIC TRANSIT.

 

PARKING MANAGEMENT . IN ORDER TO AVOID THE NEED TO DEVOTE A LARGE PORTION OF LAND TO PARKING, COMMERCIAL CENTERS REQUIRE REQUIRE THAT PARKING BE MANAGED FOR EFFICIENCY (MANFILLE AND SHOUP 2004). IT IISS OFTEN APPROPRIATE TO USE STRUCTURED OR UNDERGROUND UNDERGROUND PARKING, AND TO LIMIT THE TOTAL AMOUNT OF PARKING IN A COMMERCIAL CENTER.

 

TRANSIT ORIENTED DEVELOPMENT. THIS REFERS TO DISTRICTS DESIGNED WITH FEATURES THAT FACILITATE TRANSIT ACCESSIBILITY, WITH MAXIMUM DEVELOPING WITHIN CONVENIENT WALKING DISTANCE OF ATTRACTIVE TRANSIT STATIONS.





IN EARLY TIMES, THE COMMERCIAL ARCHITECTURE AND THE BUSINESSES OF THE CENTRAL ECONOMIC DISTRICTS OF THE CITIES ATTEMPTED TO ADJUST AND COMPESATE TO THE NEW REQUIREMENTS OF SPACE AND THE SPEED OF BOTH INNOVATIONS BUT IT WAS IN VAIN, AS THE EXISTING PHYSICAL LIMITATIONS OF BUILDING DENSITY, STREET WIDTHS, AND LIMITED SETBACK PREVAILED. AT THE PERIMETER OF THE CITIES, THERE WAS AN UNREGULATED FRENZY OF C OMMERCIAL CONSTRUCTION THAT WAS ERECTED IN THE ABSENCE OF ZONING, BUILDING CODES, ARCHITECTURAL INPUT OR PLANNING. IN OUR PRESENT TIME, WE NEED STRUCTURES THAT CAN RESPOND TO THE DEMANDS OF THE CONSUMERS. A DESIGN OF THIS STRUCTURE SHOULD BE FUTURISTIC AND CAN RESPOND TO THE DEMAND IN THE FUTURE. THERE IS ALSO A NEED FOR MINIMAL INTEGRATION OF VEHICULAR OR PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATION.

USER’S VIEW OF COMMERCIAL CENTERS  

 

STAGE ONE: ARRIVING AT THE PROPOSED SSITE ITE A GOOD COMMERCIAL CENTER SHOULD FIRST HAVE CLEAR ENTRANCES AND THE SAME TIME EXITS. SIGNAGES COULD GIVE A LOT OF HELP TO T O THE CONSUMERS TO CLEARLY GIVE THEM THE IDEA OF THE CIRCULATION OF THE COMMERCIAL CENTER. THE POINTS OF ACCESS FROM THE ROADS TO THE SHOPPING CENTER SHOULD BE ADEQUATE TO ACCOMMODATE TRAFFIC

 

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RESEARCH 100: COMMERCIAL CENTER

AT THE BUSIEST HOURS OF THE CENTER. THE PEAK OF LOAD OF A SHOPPING CENTER CAN BE ESTIMATED ON THE BASIS OF THE ANNUAL GROSS INCOME OF THE CENTER. STAGE TWO: PARKING SSPACE PACE PARKING IS THE PRIME CONVENIENCE ADVANTAGE OF THE SHOPPING CENTER OVER THE CITY. CI TY. IN SPITE OF THE REPETITIVE STATEMENT OF THIS FACT, THE SHOPPER MAY NOTALWAYS FIND THE PARKING SPACE HE WANTS. THE SHOPPER WANTS A SPACE HE CAN FIND EASILY, WITH A MINIMUM OF DIFFICULTY IN MOVING AROUND THE PARKING AREA, AND ONE THAT IS LOCATED NEAR THE STORE OR STORE GROUP IN WHICH HE IS I S GOING TO SHOP. PARKING IN THE SHOPPING CENTER IS SEEN BY THE SHOPPER AS A SERIES OF STEP: 1.  FINDING THE SPACE – WHETHER THE CUSTOMER FINDS A SPACE AT ALL DEPENDS ON THE AMOUNT OF PARKING SPACE ORIGINALLY PROVIDED. OTHERWISE, THE KEY FACTORS IN MOVING CARS AROUND THE PARKING LOT ARE THE LAY-OUT AND WIDTH OF THE AISLES BETWEEN THE ROWS OF PARKED CARS, ESPECIALLY NEAR THE MOST ATTRACTIVE STORES. 2.  PUTTING THE CAR INTO THE SPACE  – BASICALLY WE ARE ASSUMING THAT MOST PARKING LOTS ARE LAID OUT PRETTY MUCH IN THE SAME WAY. FOR INSTANCE, THE SPACE AND THE AISLES MAY BE LAID OUT THIS WAY:

NARROWER AISLES (A) ARE THE PEDESTRIAN WALKWAYS SOMETIMES PROVIDED AND THE WIDER AISLE (B) BETWEEN ROWS OF SPACES IS THE AISLE FOR MANEUVERING THE CARS. THE LAYOUT MAY BE VARIED V ARIED FOR SEVERAL TYPES OF ANGLE PARKING, THUS:

 

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A TOTAL PARKING LOT AREA PER CAR SPACE AFFECTS THE CUSTOMER IN TERMS OF HIS DIFFICULTY OR LACK OF DIFFICULTY IN GETTING INTO A PARKING SPACE. STAGE THREE: WALKING FROM THE SPACE TO THE STORES ONCE THE SHOPPER HAS SAFELY GOTTEN HIS CAR THE BEST AVAILABLE SPACE, HE HAS ONLY TO WALK TO THE STORES. WE HAVE BEEN ASSUMING THAT PARKING WOULD BE LAID OUT AROUND THE OUTSIDE OF THE STORE GROUP, WITH THE INTERIOR MALL RESERVED FOR THE PEDESTRIAN MOVEMENT.

STANDARDS OF CINEMA DESIGN ENTRANCES WITH WAITING AREAS SHOULD BE DESIGN TO PREVENT TRAFFIC. LOBBIES MEDIATE BETWEEN THE OUTDOORS AND THE CINEMA SPACE ITSELF. A SUCCESSFUL LOBBY MUST BE SIZED TO ALLOW COMFORTABLE CIRCULATION AND MILLING SAPCE FOR ALL THE PEOPLE. TICKET BOOTHS REQUIRE MULTIPLE WINDOWS AND AREAS FOR COMPUTER WORKSTATIONS. MUTULTIPLE WINDOWS MUST BE AVAILABLE FOR BOTH CURRENT DISPLAYING AND FUTURE DISPALYING. STRAIGHT RADIAL AISLES ARE BETTER FOR SEEING PURPOSES. AN AISLE SHOULD BE OF A MAXIMUM WIDTH OF 1.2 M. AS THE AISLE LENGTH INCREASES WITH CONVENTIONAL SEATING, GOOD DESIGN PRACTICE AND BUILDING CODES GENERALLY REQUIRE THAT CROSS AISLES BE ADDED TO THE SEATING PLAN TO ENSURE REASONABLE TRAVEL DISTANCE TO EXIST.

 

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RESEARCH 100: COMMERCIAL CENTER

THE HEIGHT/SIDE RATIO OF SCREENS SHOULD BE 1:2.34. SCREENS SHOULD BE SOUND PERMEABLE TO ALLOW THE SOUND TO BE TRANSFERRED TO THE AUDIENCE (THE MAIN SPEAKERS ARE LOCATED BEHIND THE CINEMASCOPE SCREEN). THE LOWER EDGE OF THE PROJECTION SCREEN SCREEN SHOULD BE AT LEAST 1.20 CM ABOVE THE FLOOR. THE SCREEN SHOULD BE CURVED WITH A RADIUS CENTERED ON THE LAST ROW OF SEATS. THE VIEWING V IEWING ANGLE FROM THE FIRST ROW OF SEATS TO THE CENTRE OF THE SCREEN SHOULD NOT EXCEED 30 DEGREES. THE VIEWING ANGLE FROM THE LAST ROW OF SEATS TO THE CENTRE OF THE SCREEN SHOULD NOT EXCEED EXCEED 38 DEGREES. THE ANGLE FROM THE LAST ROW OF SEAT TO THE OUTER EDGE OF THE PICTURE SHOULD BE AT MOST 38 DEGREES. WALLS AND CEILINGS ARE MADE OF NON REFLECTIVE MATERIALS AND NOT IN TOO BRIGHT COLORS. THE BACK WALL OF THE CINEMA SHOULD BE SOUND ABSORBENT TO PREVENT ECHO. THE LOUDSPEAKERS SHOULD BE DISTRIBUTED AROUND THE AUDITORIUM SO THAT THE VOLUME DIFFERS BETWEEN THE FIRST AND THE LAST ROW OF SEATS DOES NOT EXCEED 4DB. SOUND DAMPERS ARE PROVIDED IN AIR DUCTS TO REDUCE NOISE FROM INSTALLED MACHINERY INTO THE AIR CONDITIONING ROOMS. THE LENGTH OF THESE IN THE DIRECTION OF AIR FLOW IS 1.5 TO 3 M DEPENDING ON THE AIR DAMPING TO BE ACHIEVED.

COMMERCIAL CENTERS CAN BE “GREEN”  SHOPPING CENTERS CAN BE “GREENER” SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS BY FOLLOWING A FEW TECHNIQUES THAT CONTRIBUTE TO

THE ENVIRONMENT WHILE LOWERING OPERATING COSTS. THEY ARE:          

 







i. 

BUILDING NEW OR RENOVATED CONSTRUCTION IN SUITABLE SITES WATER EFFICIENCY, CONSERVATION AND REUSE REDUCING ENERGY USE AND PROMOTING A HEALTHY ATMOSPHERE CAREFUL SELECTION OF MATERIALS AND CONSERVING RESOURCES PROMOTING INDOOR AIR QUALITY AND HEALTHY CONDITIONS INSIDE BUILDINGS

IT IS RECCOMENDED TO INSTALL A WATER TOLERANT LANDSCAPING AND IRRIGATE WITH A DRIP SYSTEM THAT SENDS WATER DIRECTLY TO THE ROOTS OF THE PLANTS MINIMIZING MINI MIZING WATER LOST TO EVAPORATION AND RUNOFF, SOMETHING THAT HAPPENS WITH CONVENTIONAL SPRINKLER SYSTEMS.

 

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RESEARCH 100: COMMERCIAL CENTER

ii.  iii.  iv.  v. 

UTILIZING A SERIES OF ENERGY-EFFICIENT TACTICS IS ALSO RECCOMENDED. LEDs ARE NOW USED BEING USED AS A REPLACEMENT FOR INCANDESCENT LIGHT BULBS AND SOME FLOURESCENT LAMPS. THE GREEN ROOFS AT THESE STRUCTURES ARE ONE OF THE INITIATIVES TOWARD PROMOTING SUSTAINABILITY. IT IS RECOMENDED TO USE OZONE-FRIENDLY HEATING, VENTILATION AND AIR CONDITIONING (HVAC) AND REFRIGERATION EQUIPMENT, IRRIGATING LANDSCAPING EFFICIENTLY, LOCATING IN URBAN AREAS NEAR PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION, MONITORING FOR OPTIMUM ENERGY AND WATER PERFORMANCE, ENSURING LOW LEVELS CARBON DIOXIDE (CO2), AND USING LOW-EMITTING BUILDING MATERIALS, SUCH AS PAINTS AND CARPET.

ACCORDING TO THE NATIONAL BUILDING CODE THE PROPOSED STRUCTURE IS QUALIFIED IN THE DIVISION E-2 (BUSINESS AND MERCANTILE) WHEREIN, IT IS COMPOSED OF THE FF: 1. 

WHOLESALE AND RETAIL STORES SHOPPING CENTERS, MALLS AND SUPERMARKETS 3.  WET AND DRY MARKETS 4.  RESTAURANTS, DRINGKING AND DINING ESTABLISHMENTSWITH LESS THAN ONE HUNDRED OCCUPANCIES 5.  DAY AND NIGHT CLUBS, BARS, COCKTAILS

2. 

ALTHOUGH IN SOME FACILITIES, IT IS CONSIDERED IN DIVISION C-1 (EDUCATION AND RECREATION). THE SAID DIVISION IS COMPOSED OF: 1.  AMUSEMENT HALLS AND PARLORS 2.  MASSAGE AND SAUNA PARLORS 3.   4. 

HEALTH AND REDUCING SALONS ALLEYS AND GOLF CLUB BILLIARDSTUDIOS HALLS, POOL ROOMS, BOWLING 5.  DANCING SCHOOLS, DISCO PARKS, DANCE AND AMUSEMENT HALL 6.  GYMNASIA, PELOTA COURTS, AND SPORT COMPLEX

PARKING SLOT, PARKING AREA AND LOADING/UNLOADING SPACE REQUIREMENTS: CAR: PERPENDICULAR/DIAGONAL PERPENDICULAR/DIAGONAL - 2.50 X 5.00 M

 

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RESEARCH 100: COMMERCIAL CENTER

– 2.15 X 6.00 M PARALLEL   – 

 STANDARD TRUCK OR BUS: 3.60 X 12.00 M  ARTICULATED TRUCK: TRUCK:

3.60 X 18.00 M

 JEEPNEY OR SHUTTLE SHUTTLE PARKING/LOAD PARKING/LOADING/UNLOADING ING/UNLOADING SLOT: SLOT: 3.00 X 9.00 M

TABLE VII. 4. MINIMUM REQUIRED OFF-STREET (OFF-RROW) CUM ON-SITE PARKING SLOT, PARKING AREA AND LOADING/UNLOADING SPACE REQUIREMENTS BY ALLOWED USE OR OCCUPANCY: 5.2 DIVISION E-2

NEIGHBORHOOD SHOPPING CENTER/ SUPERMARKET

1 CAR SLOT/ 100 SQ. M.

RESTAURANTS, FAST FOOD CENTERS, BARS, BEERHOUSE NIGHTCLUBS, SUPER CLUBS AND THEATER-RESTAURANTS

1 CAR SLOT/ 30 SQ. M. 1 CAR SLOT/ 20 SQ. M. 2 TOURIST PARKING SLOTS/ THEATERRESTAURANT 1 CAR SLOT/ 30 SQ. M.

IN COMPUTING PARKING SLOTS, A FRACTION OF 50% AND ABOVE SHALL BE CONSIDERED AS ONE CAR PARKING SLOT TO BE PROVIDED. IN ALL CASES HOWEVER, A MINIMUM OF ONE CAR PARKING SLOT SHALL BE PROVIDED UNLESS OTHERWISE THIS RULE.

TABLE VII. 3. SETBACK FOR COMMERCIAL, INDUSTRIAL, INSTITUTIONAL AND RECREATIONAL BUILDINGS ROAD RIGHT OF WAY WIDTH 30.00 & ABOVE 25.00 TO 29.00 20.00 TO 24.00 10.00 TO 19.00 BELOW

FRONT 8.00 6.00 5.00 5.00 5.00

SIDE 5.00 3.00 3.00 2.00 2.00

REAR 5.00 3.00 3.00 2.00 2.00

 

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RESEARCH 100: COMMERCIAL CENTER

THE ACCESSIBILITY LAW A.  PARKING AREAS 1.  ACCESSIBLE PARKING SPACES SHOULD BE LOCATED AS CLOSE AS POSSIBLE TO BUILDING ENTRANCES OR TO ACCESSIBLE ENTRANCE. 2.  ACCESSIBLE PARKING SLOTS SHOULD HAVE A MINIMUM WIDTH OF 3.70 M 3.  A WALKWAY FROM ACCESSIBLE SPACES OF 1.20 M. CLEAR WIDTH SHALL BE PROVIDED BETWEEN THE FRONT ENDS OF PARKED CARS B.  ENTRANCES 1.  ENTRANCES WITH VESTIBULES SHALL BE PROVIDED A LEVEL WITH AT LEAST A 1.80 M. DEPTH AND A 1.50 M. WIDTH. C.  RAMPS  

1. RAMPS SHOULDGRADIENT HAVE A MINIMUM 2.  THE MAXIMUM SHALL BE CLEAR 1:12 WIDTH OF 1.20 M 3.  THE LENGTH OF A RAMP SHOULD NOT EXCEED 6.OO M. IF GRADIENT IS 1:12, LONGER RAMPS WHOSE GRADIENT IS 1:12 SHALL BE PROVIDED WITH LANDINGS NOT LESS 1.50 M D.  DOORS 1.  ALL DOORS SHALL HAVE A MINIMUM MINI MUM CLEAR WIDTH OF .80 M E.  TOILETS AND WASHROOMS 1.  A TURNING SPACE OF 2.25 SQ. M. WITH A MINIMUM DIMENSION OF 1.50 M. FOR WHEEL CHAIRS SHALL BE PROVIDED OTSIDE WATER CLOSET STALLS. 2.  A MINIMUM DIMENSION OF 1.70 M. X 1.80 M. PER CUBICLE.

EXISTING COMMERCIAL CENTERS  FAIRVIEW GREEN SHOPPING

 

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RESEARCH 100: COMMERCIAL CENTER

FAIRVIEW GREEN SHOPPING CENTRE IS THE PIONEER FOR THE WORLD’S BEST PRACTICE IN ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN FOR A RETAIL

CENTRE; THE FLAGSHIP DEVELOPMENT DEMONSTRATES OUR COMMITMENT TO INNOVATION I NNOVATION AND SUSTAINABILITY OF OUR LOCAL COMMUNITIES. THE CENTRE COMPRISES COMPRISES OF MIXED USE RETAIL AND SPECIALTY SHOPS; IT IS SET TTO O INCORPORATE A NUMBER OF SUSTAINABLE INITIATIVES AND WILL PROCEED WITH A FORMAL AUDIT ON THE BUILDING AND OPERATIONS UPON COMPLETION. THE SUSTAINABLE INITIATIVES INCLUDE; LOW EMBODIED ENERGY, LOW VOC, UTILISATION OF SOUTHERN NATURAL LI LIGHT GHT TO REDUCE ENERGY CONSUMPTION AND GLARE, INSULATED LAB FOR REDUCTION IN ENERGY LOSS, MIXED MODE VENTILATION FOR THE UNDER CROFT CAR PARK AND A VERY UNIQUE “PARK ASSIST” SYSTEM FOR INCREASED CAR PARK EFFICIENCY.  

MÉDIACITÉ: A NEW SUSTAINABLE SHOPPING CENTER FOR LIÈGE BELGIUM

CENTRALLY LOCATED AND EASILY ACCESSIBLE BY FOOT, BIKE AND OVER 1,000 BUSES THAT GO BY EACH DAY, THE SHOPPING CENTER IS IDEALLY SITUATED IN ORDER TO REDUCE CARBON EMISSIONS OF VISITING SHOPPERS. THE ENTIRE SHOPPING CENTER IS COVERED IN ETFE WITH LOTS OF SKYLIGHTS ON THE ROOF TO BRING IN NATURAL LIGHT. AIR QUALITY WILL BE PROPERLY MAINTAINED THROUGH THE USE OF AIR TREATMENT STATIONS ON THE ROOF, AND SOME OF THE ROOF (UNDISCLOSED AMOUNT) HAS BEEN PLANTED. RAINWATER WILL BE COLLECTED FROM THE ROOF AND STORED AND WASTE MATERIAL WILL BE PROPERLY SORTED. ENERGY EFFICIENCY

 

 

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RESEARCH 100: COMMERCIAL CENTER

WAS ALSO A TOP PRIORITY, AND THE PROJECT INCLUDES MANY ENERGY EFFICIENT STRATEGIES LIKE ALLOWING THE SHOPS LIMITED ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY TO REDUCE THEIR CONSUMPTION, HIGH-EFFICIENCY CONDENSING GAS BOILERS AND A SEMI-REFLECTIVE TRANSPARENT ROOFING MATERIAL THAT REDUCES HEAT GAIN. THE INTERIOR WILL HOST AMPLE RETAIL SPACE, A POST OFFICE, AN ICE RINK, MOVIE THEATER, BOWLING ALLEY, AS WELL AS RESTAURANTS AND OFFICE SPACE. DESIGNED BY LONDON-BASED ISRAELI ARCHITECT, RON UNDER ARAD, WITH THE HELP OF CHAPMAN TAYLOR AND RTKL, THE NEW MÉDIACITÉ HAS EARNED ENVIRONMENTAL ACCREDITATION BREEAM. THE OPENING AND INAUGURATION OF THE CENTER WILL HAPPEN ON TUESDAY, OCTOBER 20TH.

BAYSIDE NORTH SHOPPING CENTRE BY HASSELL, AUSTRALIA

DESIGNED AND COMPLETED BY ARCHITECTS HASSELL CREATES RIBBON EFFECT,NORTH THE BAYSIDE NORTH CENTRE SHOPPING CENTRE HAS UNDERGONE A MAJOR REDEVELOPMENT TO EXPAND ITS THAT OPERATIONS. THE BAYSIDE SHOPPING IS LOCATED IN FRANKSTON, VICTORIA, AUSTRALIA. PIVOTAL TO ITS SUCCESS WAS THE INCLUSION OF A PEDESTRIAN BRIDGE THAT CONNECTS THE NEW AND EXISTING AREAS OF THE CENTRE AT FIRST FLOOR. A SEMI-OPEN LINK CONNECTS THE UPPER LEVEL OF THE EXISTING FOOD COURT AND RETAIL TO THE NEW ROOF TOP CAR PARK. THE DIFFERING FUNCTIONS INFLUENCED THE RESULTING OVERALL FORM OF THE BRIDGE, A TRAPEZOIDAL PLAN AT FIRST FLOOR ACCOMMODATES NEW TENANCIES WITHIN THE BRIDGE AND A RECTANGULAR FLOOR PLATE AT SECOND LEVEL ALLOWS FOR A WALKWAY ABOVE. THE FORM WAS THEN GLAZED AND WRAPPED IN A STEEL-FRAMED GLASS RIBBON FROM END TO END. THE RESULT IS AN ICONIC STRUCTURE WHICH VISITORS TO THE CENTRE RELATE TO FROM ABOVE, BELOW AND WITHIN. AT NIGHT THE RIBBON IS ILLUMINATED AND GLOWS WITH LIGHT.

 

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RESEARCH 100: COMMERCIAL CENTER

ORGANIZATIONAL AND FUNCTIONAL STUDIES POSSIBLE CUSTOMER FLOW INSIDE THE MALL:

POSSIBLE DELIVERY FLOW:

 

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DESIGN CONCEPT BULACAN IS ONE OF THE SUCCESSFUL PROVINCES IN THE PHILIPPINE IN TERMS OF ECONOMY. BULACAN HAVE DIFFERENT SOUCES OF INCOMES LIKE FARMING, RICE CAKE MAKING, ETC. HISTORICAL CULTURES ARE ALSO RICH IN BULACAN. THERE ARE MANY HISTORICAL EVENTS HAPPENED IN BULACAN LIKE THE MALOLOS CONGRESS. HEROES LIKE MARCELO M ARCELO AND GREGORIO DEL PILAR CAME FROM BULACAN. BULACAN IS ALSO A LAND OF ARTIST. MANY FAMOUS ARTISTS CAME FROM BULACAN LIKE GUILLERMO TOLENTINO, FRANCISCO BALAGTAS AND NICANOR ABELARDO. WE ARE ASKED TO DESIGN A COMMERCIAL CENTER FOR MALOLOS, BULACAN. THIS STRUCTURE SHOULD BE A LANDMARK IN THE CITY AND AT THE SAME TIME IT I T WILL SHOW THE ECONOMIC STATUS OF BULACAN. A CONCEPT OF A FLOWER WAS USED TO SHOW HOW THE ECONOMY OF BULACAN BLOOM AS TIME GOES BY. THIS STRUCTURE WILL SERVE AS THE CORE OF THE CITY JUST LIKE THE CORE OF THE FLOWER. THIS CORE WILL BE SURROUNDED BY PETALS THAT WILL SERVE AS THE AESTHETIC PROPERTY OF THE STRUCTURE. AS WE ALL NOW, GREEN ARCHITECTURE ARE BEING PROPOSED IN MANY DESIGNS. THIS IS WHAT WE NEED AND IT CAN SUSTAIN THE STRUCTURE EVEN IN THE FUTURE. AN OPEN SKYLIGHT WITH A TREE IN THE CENTER IS THE MAIN FEATURE OF THE STRUCTURE. THIS MAIN FEATURE WILL BE DESIGNED AS A STREETSCAPE. IT IS LIKE GOING TO A MALL BUT AT THE SAME TIME ENJOYING THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT AND NOT A TYPICAL MALL ENCLOSED. IT WILL CREATE AN “FREE SPIRIT” AMBIANCE.

CONSIDERATIONS SPACE CONSIDERATIONS   SPACE ARRANGEMENT  – – SPACES ARE ARRANGED FOR THE CONVENIENCE OF THE USERS. RELATED SPACES ARE CLUSTERED SO

o

THAT ALL USERS WITLL HAVE AN EASY ACCESS TO THEIR NEEDED SPACE.

 

  FUNCTIONAL SPACE  –  – A SPACE IS ARRANGED ACCORDING TO ITS FUNCTION. o  TRAFFIC AREAS  –   – TRAFFIC AREAS LIKE CORRIDORS AND HALLWAYS IS DESIGNED ACCORDING TO THE ARRANGEMENT OF

o

SPACES. TRAFFIC AREAS ARE USED TO SUPPORT THE MAIN SPACES.   ACCESSIBLE PARKINGS o  NUMBER OF USERS  –   – MALOLOS IS A BUSY CITY. CONSIDERING THAT THE SITE IS AT THE CENTER OF BUSINESS AND EDUACTION,

o

PROPER ESTIMATE OF USERS ARE NEEDED.

GREEN CONSIDERATIONS

 

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RESEARCH 100: COMMERCIAL CENTER

  NATURAL LIGHT  –  – THE DESIGN IS PROVIDED WITH THE ACCESS TO A NATURAL SOURCE OF LIGHT. THE OPEN AREA WHICH IS THE

o

MAIN FEATURE OF THE STRUCTURE IS THE MAIN SOURCE OF LIGHT IN THE STRUCTURE. 

  NATURAL VENTILATION  –  – MOST TYPE OF MALLS ARE AIR CONDITIONED. THE DESIGN WILL PROVIDE A LESSER USE OF AIR-CON AS

o

 

o

POSSIBLE.  LANDSCAPES  –   – A PROVISION FOR LANDSCAPE WILL BE PROVIDED. THIS IS PART OF THE DESIGN. ROOF GARDENS AND INTERIOR LANDSCAPES ARE PROVIDED. 

SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS FOOD COURT CONSIDERATIONS:   ODOR CONTROL o  OUTDOOR AIR REQUIREMENTS o  KITCHEN EXHAUST o  HEAT REMOVAL

o

POSSIBLE ARCHITECTURAL SOLUTIONS CONSIDERATIONS: SPACE CONSIDERATIONS CONSIDERATI ONS

GREEN CONSIDERATI CONSIDERATIONS ONS

SOLUTIONS: SPACES ARE ARRANGED IN A MANNER WHERE PEOPLE CAN SEE THE STORES EASILY, CONVENIENCE OF USERS ARE FIRST TO BE SETTELED. PROPER GROUPINGS OF SPACE ARE DONE TO PROVIDE EASY ACCESS TO THE USERS. TRAFFIC AREAS WERE DESIGNED IN A WAY THAT THEY WILL LEAD THE USERS TO THE SPACES. THE STRUCTURE IS DESIGNED TO CONSERVE ENERGY. THE GOAL IS TO USE LESS ENERGY AS POSSIBLE. SOLAR PANELS WILL BE USED AS THE SOURCE OF ELECTRICITY. THE CORE OF THE BUILDING IS OPEN WITH TREE ON THE CENTER TO GIVE NATURALL LIGHT AND VENTILATION TO THE BUILDING. ROOF NATURA GARDENS AND INDOOR PLANTS ARE ALSO PROVIDED.

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