Comparisons

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lbu are going to hear
someone talking about "hn:.tc*&¡rt-lrrugrrjnnr.

Which of the following words do you think she uses? hairdresser music teenagers homework posters reviews stadium journalists sport adverts holidavs sales

2 Buzzis as 3 Hits! is less

......... as Hits! ......... than Buzz.

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part againand tick the correctmagazines. Listento the second
Hits! Buzz Smash

Which magiazinez
is the newest? has got the most reviews? is the most expensive? has the most adverts?

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Look at A3 and A4. Which exerciseis about comparing two things? Which exerciseis about comparing more than two things?

13

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m Gomparativeand superlative adiectives
Comparingtwo people or things:
¡ü At Yr

FA U
Buzz is the most expensiue (magazine). Hits! is the least expensiae (magazine).

Som ::., ' -;-.¿

Hits! is smaller thanBuzz. We make comparative and superlative adjectiveslike this:
adiective one syllable: long ending in -e nice
ending in one vowel + -b, -d, -9, -fl, -p ot -t big +'er --> longer
+-f é nicer

Advr ¡dr

comparative

superlative

. - .' ¡
':51

+ -est ---> the longest

: -\i

+ -sú --+ the nicest double the last letter + -est --->the biggest

Ottx
t'Í'. '

|:r¡rd

double the last letter + -er --> bigger

two svllables: famous ending in -y dirty three syllables: popular
+ n'Lore \ -+ more popular \ + the most ---> the most popular + more --> more famous + the most ---> the most famous

Som .,,,I

ítk : ' .¿¡

¡r and + -ier --->dirtier

aand + -icst -> the dirtiest

av
1f'e

tr
\r'e

\:11¿

A Someadjectivesare irregular: good + better+ the best,bad + worse+ the worshfar + further + thefurthest His latestsongis better than his last one.He'sthe best singerin the band. This magazineis worse than that one. It's the worst magazineI'ue euerread. as and less... than to comparethings: We also use (not) as... Hits! orBuzz lslesspopularthanHits! (=Hitst ismorepopularthan Buzzisn'taspopulara,s Buzz.) When two things are the same,we say: Buzz is ¿spopular¿s Hits! L4

I { ir-. >rlt;

cou I-lu' ilir,

; {

)

more

Hits! is morecolourfultlwnBuzz. Buzz isn'tas/socolourfulas Hits! / Buzz is lesscolourfulthan Hits! Blzz is as colourfulas Hits!
Smash is the most interesting magazine. Bttzz is the least interesting magazine.

{ less
= the same

gs:

A the most

V the least

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Gomparativeand superlative adverbs

Sometimes we compare how we do something: \-ou can read Hits! tnore easily thanBuzz. The Smash journalists write better than some national journalists. Adverbs ending in -ly form comparatives and superlatives like this:
adverb slowly comparative
more slowly more beautLfully more easily

superlative
the most slowly

beautifully
easily

the mostbeautifully
rhe most easily

and superlativeslike short adjectives: Other adverbsform comparatives -> --> harder hardest hard the hard,est. hariler than I do but Alex worles worÍes My sister Someadverbsare irregular: well-> better-->the best,badly -+ worse-> the worst but he plays theguitar better than me.Robplqys lotsof instruments I plry theguitar well. Rob plays the guitar the best. A We don't use superlativeadverbsvery often.

nouns ffi Gomparing
We use more/the nxostto compare both countable an Smash has more reviews than Hits! Hits! has the most aduerts. Smash contains the most information. We use fewer / the fewest to compare countable nouns: There are fewer aduerts in Smash than ln Hits ! Hits! has the fewest posters.

ncountable nouns:

We use less/ the least to compare uncountable nouns: There'sless rubbish in Smash than in Bu Z Z . Smash contains the least rubbish.

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15

thun Paolabut Daisy designedhers |ill designedher clothes .:rno-Y.A...W-e.f.*!1y..

IIy.. e#'-s.fu Jk..mpsj...

6 |ill colouredher drawings her designs 7 Paolaexplained

......... than Daisybut Paolacolouredhers ......... than Daisybut Jill explainedhers than Paolabut Jill sewedhers

8 Daisysewedher clothes.............

[[$ Match the words on the left with their oppositeson the right.

Look at the pictures of three houses for sale and correct the sentences below.

!i!iriai

din isgir2oo,offi :rwo'uCuiboms',
sitting bat,hroom, ,,óne, 'iüom;'kiiChent skms ' ,1¡ofn'r,cltt''céntre

Built2004 f,l55,000 Threebedrooms, two bathiooms, iiiiing qn, kitchen; in city

I 9e4, f,ges, O0O: :B.uilf

ó¡tl, ¿eiiii* !kms,r¡{*

,l'11? bát{j roó* i iti iu-ü, ;;;*, -, ", liit¿h"áni ¡ing'io¡*, Í1n ,"r ,

bedifoorni, inráá

. 1, C is the smallesthouse. .9....is.th9...b.:SSg.sI...hp.*:s... 2 A is the newesthouse..4...is.......... 3 B has the most untidy garden..F...h*:..... house..F...i:.......... 4 B is the most expensive 5 A is the nearestto the city cent.e. .4...p.. Now complete these sentencesabout the three housesusing rnore,Ínost,fewer ot fewest. 6 B has 8 B has rooms than A. ......... rooms. ......... bedroomsthan C. L7 9 A has the .......... 10 C has bedrooms. 7 C has the .......... ......... bathroomsthan B.

Writing Part 1
Hereare some sentences abouta radiostation. Foreachquestion, complete the secondsentence so that it meansthe sameas the first. Use no more than three words. Example: 255 is my favourite 0 Radio radiostation. Ithink Radio 255 is .....,..b.5!J.g:, ........ than the other radio stations.

E
7I\ -

7e -

Otherradiostations havefewer listeners than Radio 255. Radio 255 has listenersthan other radio stations.

SteveWood is funnierthan all the otherdiscjockeys. Steve Wood is the I find the sportsprogrammes interesting. | ................. in the sports programmes. disc jockey.

The musicprogrammes are less popular than the news programmes. The music programmes aren't ..1................. the news programmes.

likely to win.

ca; ñ; .o*ptrt¿ ¡;"ú ¡r in"** l"rrr"rr*es in a different way so:it stiil Áean* ih* irmer 0 Otherradiostations aren't Radio255.
1 Radio 255 has the ........,. 2.The other :disc iockeysaren't 4 The news progxammesare than the rnusic'programmes.
,,'-'"',.....,-...,".. ..,,.,- ,.:,,,. . ,- ' ,.1'..-..'.- .,i.- ,.- .-,.'.,.,...--.., -..,.-...,,

listeners.

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