Concept of Mental Illness

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Concept of Mental Illness

Dr.ParvatRaaj Tambde, Psychiatrist , Sanskar Mind & Body Clinic First Floor ,White House, In Front of Gunjan Cinema, Gunjan Circle Vapi . 9726104297

Which is life threatening emergency ?
1. Patient with heart attack 2. Patient with suicidal tendency

Which is disability ?
1. Handicapped by an accident 2. Unable to work by a mental trauma

Who is ill ?
1. Bed ridden due to fever and body ache 2. Bed ridden due to severely sad, distressed

Who needs treatment ?
1. Chronic drinker with vomiting 2. His wife who attempted suicide

Bodily symptoms

special attention and sympathy

Mental symptoms Rejection, ignorance, stigmatic labeling. (e.g. weakness, madness, laziness) Mental symptoms # stigma / curse / black magic / possession

Mental Illness

Physical Illness

Physical illness symptoms ± increase or decrease or variation in normal bodily function. Due to change in normal anatomical structure (e.g. fever and hypothermia) Mental illness symptoms ± high or low or variation in normal mental functions (thinking, emotions, perception, cognition). Due to change in neuro circuits, neurotransmissions (e.g. fear, mood)

Every person have life time prevalence of mental illness symptoms
When to diagnose mental disorder
- Changes in thinking, emotions, perception and cognition - Change in talk and behaviour (Different from previous personality or from norms of society. - Distress and suffering to patient and other - Dysfunctioning (Daily activities, work, relationship)

Examples 1) Sadness + distress + I. P. R. difficulties + social life dysfunction Depression 2) Impaired reality +distress + I. P. R. difficulties + social dysfunction Psychotic disorder

Lower Animals

Poorly developed brain

violence for survival (food & sex)

Human

Highly developed cerebral cortex Higher functions

Social evolution Social norms Acquiring status or resources Success

(Shortcut) Exploiting Social norms (Crime) Grabbing status & resources ? success

Mentally ill

defect in brain functioning

crime for defense.

Lower Animals

Poorly developed brain

violence for survival (food & sex)

Human

Highly developed cerebral cortex Higher functions

Social evolution Social norms Acquiring status or resources Success

(Shortcut) Exploiting Social norms (Crime) Grabbing status & resources ? success

Mentally ill

defect in brain functioning

crime for defense.

THANKS

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