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MMRCA CA jet deal, d eal, UAV Panchi Panchi,, Global [Defense] Rafael MMR Hawk Drone, Schilka system, Akash Missile Posted By Mrunal Mrunal On 31/12/2014 31/12/201 4 @ 12:00 12: 00 pm In I n Diploma Diplomacy cy | 43 Comments


[Blo [Block-1] ck-1] Ai A irforce

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 2.

Rafael: the salient features Jet: Naval LCA (NP1) Panchi with Wheels (DRDO) UAV: Panchi UAV: Global Hawk Ha wk Drone (USA) Helicopter: Dhruv Helicopter: S-70B Airdefe nse: Schil Schilka system s ystem Airdefense: Missile Airdefense: Akash Missile Computerized Pilot Selection System

[Block[Block-2] 2] Indian Army Army and Missiles

1. 2. 3. 3.

Jet: Rafael MMRCA

Indian Missiles in News Agni-4 Chinese JL-2 missiles

[Block[Block-3] 3] Indian Navy


Dismantling Dismantling of INS Vikrant begins


[Block-4] Defense exercises and Misc. developments


Mock Questions

Selected defense defe nse topic topicss from last three three month mo nthss- October to December 2014. 2014. Utility: Utili ty: At MCQ and interview level leve l of three UPSC exams: CSE, CDS and CAPF.

[Block-1]] Airforce [Block-1 Airforce

 Jet: Rafael Rafae l MMRCA In future wars, we nee need d fighter jets to cripple cripple the advancing advancing Chinese or Pakistani columns first, before our (large but slow moving) Army and naval naval formation form ation can attack attack the them. m. At present, prese nt, Indian Indian Airforce (IAF) has 34 fighter squadron, squadron, we need


atleast 44 squadrons to be combat effective against China and Pakistan. Prospective IAF force f orce in 2020 [[Exact Exact fig figures ures not important] Role Aircraft No. Squadrons Su-30 MKI, MiG-29 280 15 Air superiority MiG-29 50 3 000 Air Combat Mirage 2 Mirage 20 (MMRCA) MMR CA (Rafael) Air combat Tejas (Light) Strike  Jagua  Jaguarr Total

50 12 6

3 ~7-11

12 5


119 6 ~7 40 ~4 5

We are working on fifth Generation fighter Generation fighter aircraft (FGCA) project with Russia, Russia, but that is unlikely unlikely to finish before 2020. 2 020. So in the the me meanti antime, me, we need a fourth generation Medium generation Medium MultiRole Combat C ombat Aircraft (MMRCA) aircraft such as Rafael. Rafael acquisition: Chronology of Events: “Tender” invited for purchase purchase of MMRCA.




Eurofighter (British Eurofighter ( British Aerospace) Rafael (Dassualt, France) F-16 Superviper (Lokheed ( Lokheed Martin) F/A-18 Super hornet (Boeing (Boe ing)) MiG-35 (Russia)  JAS-39NG Gripen Gripen (Sweden) (Sweden) Other companies failed to clear sectional cutoffs so, we begin negotiations negotia tions to buy buy 126 1 26 Rafael fighter jets from at a cost of  $10 billion Dollars. Defense Minister AK Antony postponed the purchase citing financial financial reasons and need to curb ffiscal iscal deficit. New Defense Def ense m mini inistry stry Manoha Manoharr Parrikar agreed to fast


track negotiation. delay has escalated the cost from $10 billion toAlthough $20-30 billions. Rafael deal likely to be completed in 2015. Salient Salient features


are likely to be:


IAF to t o fly this jet for 4 40 0 years, ye ars, Dassult Dassult will will help in in maintenance. Industrial Offset Off set:: Dassult will have to ‘outsource’ some of its work to Indian companies, so that 50% of the deal money ret  returns urns back to India. Fre French nch lab labour our union money opposed to this, fearing fe aring joblo jobloss. ss. Transfer Trans fer of o f Technology: Technology: France  France will give give 18 jets je ts right away and Hindustan Ae Aeronautics ronautics (HAL) (HA L) will build the remaining 108 planes in India, under “Transfer of  Technolog Techn ology” y” (ToT) (ToT) agreem agreement. ent. Thus Thus total 126 jets.


First 18 Rafaels R afaels will will be be delivere delivered. d.

Rafael: the salient features Mainly ffor Mainly or Group discussion level lev el at CDS-SSB go od bad 1. Spectra electronic warfare system to protect itself from incoming missiles. 2. Comes in one-seater and two-seater two-s eater ver version sions. s. 3. Can be equipped with air-toair, air-to-ground and air-toship missiles, precision guided bombs. 4. Can carry upto 20,000 20,00 0 poundss of ordinance. pound ordinance. 5. Helmet Helme t moun mounted ted sight sight and display for active and passive targeting. 6. Its RBE2 rada radarr can can track 8 targets simultaneously. 7. Saturn UHF Saturn UHF anti-ja anti-jam m radio, with voice-encryption facility. Thiss provides seamless Thi communication between pilot vs. ground stations, AWACss and Navy ships. AWAC 8. can be refuele refueled d in fligh flightt

1. Rafael’s stealth system is is outdated compared to some of its rivals. riv als. 2. Rafael doesn’t have STOVL STOVL facility (Short take off and vertical landing) like F-35-B, in similar price range. 3. Brazil was also interested in buying buyin g Rafael, but – after afte r problems AESA-scanners AESA-scanners a  and nd HUD (Heads (H eads up display) display) during trials, they opted to buy Swedish Gripen jet. 4. Rafael was selected selecte d (Mainly) (Mainly) because becaus e it was the lowest bidder among others. 5. but if we we include include the cost cost of  spareparts, maintenance, transfer of technology technology


9. can fire 2500 cannon-rounds cannon-rounds per minute. 10. India is familiar with Fre French nch technology: Dassult Ouragan in the the 50s, 50 s, Mirages Mirages served serv ed well in Kargil war.

agreement- the final bill will be far higher than its rival companies.

UAV: Panchi with Wheels (DRDO) Nishant

Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) vehicle (UAV) Panchi

Launched using catapult Lands using a parachute Nishant can be surveillance andused for correcting artillery artillery fire. fire . More chances  chances of radar More detection

Panchi is UAV Nishant’s new version with wheels. So, it can take-off and land from airstrips like a regular aircraft. Can Nishant, while st aying staying in airdo foralla functions longer period, perofiod, because Panchi’s weight is lighter than t han Nisha Nishant. nt. Panchi has has smaller cr cross-section, oss-section, low chances of radar-detection, compared to Nishant

UAV: Global Hawk Drone (USA) Technical high altitude, long endurance (HALE) Unmanned Aerial name Vehicles (UAV)


USA. India may purchase it during Obama’s visit on 26th  January  Janua ry parade. parade. Indian also interested in buying Apache attack helicopters and Chinook heavy lift helicopters


non-combat drone, for surveying ocean surveying ocean and coastal areas- 24/7. America’s Amer ica’s larg largest est unmanned unmanned aircraft system syste m

 Jet: Naval LCA (NP1) Naval version Light Combat Aircraft (LCA). 4th plus(+) generation


aircraft. It needs nee ds hardly hardly 200m 20 0m airstrip. Can be used from air-craft air-craft carriers such as INS Vikramaditya (Admiral Gorchakov) Has facility of “Hands-free” Takeoff using Ski-jump platform. Test flight done done in 2014, December. Dece mber.

Helicopter: Helico pter: Dhruv Why in News? During News? During SAARC-Kathman SAARC -Kathmandu du visit, Modi gifted a Dhruv MarkHelicopter to  to the Nepal Army. III Advanced Light Light Helicopter Features of this helicopter Can work in all weathers Hindustan Aeronautics Ae ronautics has built built it, using ““Shakti Shakti”” Engines. Can play play multiple multiple roles: logistics, logistics, rescue and attack for Army, A rmy, navy, Airforce and coast guards. Dhruv has infrared jammers, radar and missile detectors. It can fire anti-tank “NAG” missiles. Dhruv was used Operation Oper ation Rahat and Surya Hope for Uttarakhand floods in 2013.

Helicopter: S-70B It is the naval version of the US Army’s Army’ s Black Hawk helicopter. helicopter. S-70B is an attack-helicopter for both anti-surface and antisubmarine warfare. Manufactured by USA’s Sikorsky company. Why in News? Indian News? Indian navy navy aims to buy 1 16 6 such multi-role helicopters for Rs.6,000 crores.

Airdefense: Schilka system Who? Russians designed Who? Russians designed this system in 1970s, 19 70s, with four 23mm 23m m guns Purpose: low-l Purpose:  low-lev evel el air-defe air-defense nse for Indi I ndian an Army. Recently, BEL made following upgrades to Sachilka system 24/7 all weather tracking system AC cabin for crew Fire detection and modern communication faciltiies. Filter for NBC attacks (Nuke, biological and chemical)

Airdefense: Akash Missile


Designed by DRDO and testing by Indian Air Force (IAF) at Chandipur near Balasore in Odisha. Medium Mediu m range (25 kms), surface to air missile (SAM). Can destroy cruise missiles  missiles and fighter jets. cruise Can carry payload upto 60kg. Akash can simultaneously track and attack several targets simultaneously, with help he lp of a ground rad radar ar “Raje “Rajendra”. ndra”. Both Indian Indian army and Airforce use Akash missile syste system. m. Other surface to t o air missiles are: Astra, Trishul. Trishul.

Computerized Pilot Selection System Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam’s brainchild, jointly developed by DRDO and allied research research agencies.  agencies. To conduct pilot aptitude tests for Indian Airforce, in a more scientific manner using computer computer system.  system. Will help reducing flying accidents by pilot error. error.

[Block-2] Indian Army Army and Missiles

Indian Missiles in News List not exhaustive Missile range and features Prithvi 1 150 km, k m, surface to surfac surface e Prithvi 2 250 km, k m, surface to surfac surface e


Brahmos Mini

290 kms, Supersonic Supersonic cruise  cruise missile. India and Russia have jointly jointly develop deve loped ed it. Brahmos-II will be a “hypersonic “hypersonic”” missile. Range of 290 kms and su supersonic personic speed speed of 2.8 2 .8 Mach speed. Brahmos “mini” missiles weight just 1.5 tonnes- quite lighter than the regular version. They’re designed designed for navy submari submarines nes (Project 75I) 75 I) and airforce (Su-30MKI) India-Russia plannin planning g to sell them the m to friendly f riendly nations in near future.

Prithvi 3 350 kms. Its naval ve version rsion cal called led “Dhanush” “Dhanush” missiles es are surface to surface. Agni-1 700 kms. All Agni series Agni series missil



Agni-2 Agni-3


800+ kms. Sub Subsoni sonicc cruise missile, similar to USA’s Tomahawk missile. Nirbhay is based on Lakshya Drone system, hence can be controlled remotely. It is Nuclear capabl capable, e, with land and sea variants planned in future.. Nirbhay is a Loitering missile, tree top missile (hard to detect on radar), seeker seeke r missile (can lock on targ target et after afte r launch). 2000 kms. Test fired in in 2014, November. 3000 kms 4000 kms. Test ffired ired in 2014, December. Althou Although gh Hindu Hindu is gone crazier crazie r than usual in cove covering ring this topic during December 2014 so it ough oughtt to be the most important topic topic for next prelims. But since UPS UPSC C already asked A Agni gni-4 -4 in in CSAT-2014, so less likely to re-appear again again in CSAT-2015 CSAT-2015.. Above Abo ve 500 5000kms 0kms


It is India’s first Intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM). India is the 7th country to have ICBM. Other 6 are US, Russia, China, UK, France and Israel. Taepodong-2: North Korea’s ICBM.

Agni-4 Both Prithvi and Agni are Surface to surface missiles. 20 mete meters rs tall. Two stage solid fu fuel el e engi ngine. ne. Can carry nuclear weapons weapons up upto to 1 tonne. Range 4000 400 0 kms Has heat shields so missile missile can ev even en withstand withstand above above 4000C 4000 C temperature, When it re-enters re -enters earth’s atmosphere atmosphere RINS: Ring Laser Gyro based Inertial Navigatio Navigation n System (RINS), (R INS), to correct inflight disturbances. Agni missiles missiles are designed designed by DRDO and tested by Army’s Army ’s Strategic Forces Command C ommand (S (SFC), FC), At A t Odish Odisha’s a’s Wheeler Island. Island.

Chinese JL-2 missiles Chinese missiles

USA’s strategic strategic concerns co ncerns Can be launched only from Missile silos. USA can




destroy silos using conventional missiles. This missile needs lot of pre-launch preparation because it uses liquid fuel, giving sufficient time to USA forces to launch launch a preemptive strike. strike . 10,000 kms range. But, difficult to hide from USA’s Global Hawk drones

(India also interested in buying those drones!) Upgraded Upg raded version of Dongfeng 31A, to reach most DongfengAmerican Amer ican a and nd Eu European ropean cities. cities. Later DF-41 missiles with 31B 12,000 12,00 0 kms range to reach every eve ry Ame American rican city. USA’s Asian pivot policy to increase military presence in the region by 2020- particularly to deter China and North Korea. Now, China aims deploy Julang (JL-2) long range nuclear missiles on its submarines. submarines. Range: 735 7350 0 kms. This will help help China launch a “second strike” strik e” on Alaska A laska and Hawaii. Hawaii. IIF F USA destroy destr oy all its nuclear weapons we apons on land. land.

[Block-3] Indian Navy 

Dismantling of INS Vikrant begins be gins Aircraft carriers of India Indian n Navy Vikrant Vikrant (UK) Virat Vikramaditya (Desi) HMS Hercules built at Admiral Who? Britain (Britain) Kochi Gorchakov(Russia) bought in 2004, got in  Joined? 1961 2 01 3 1 98 7 2013 2017?? Retired 1997 ?? 18 TRIAL In Y ES YES NOPE PHASE service? Story St ory of INS Vikrant 1961 to 1997: INS 1997:  INS Vikrant served Indian navy, participated in blockade of Pakistan during 1971’sinwar. 2014: Navy 2014:  Navy sells INS Vikrant to a Mumbai company for scrap metal at 63 crore rupees.


Bombay Highcourt reje Highcourt rejects cts PIL to convert Vikrant into a na naval val museum. Maharash Mah arashtra tra Government says it doesn’t have enough money money to maintain mainta in this vessel as a ‘museum’, bet better ter just scrap it. TheHindu goes TheHindu  goes more emotional than usual, running same news story for almost 2 weeks in December 2014. 20 14. Hence topic automatical automa tically ly become becomess important important for competitive e exams. xams. Navy: Misc. Developments

INS Sindhuratna

Late 80s: Submarine commissioned in Indian Navy 2013,, August: Submarine 2013 Submarine caught caught fire, 18 1 8 personnel killed. Admiral DK Joshi resigned taking the ‘moral responsibility’. 2014,, Dec: New 2014 N ew Defense Defe nse ministry Manoha Manoharr Parikkar says inquiry inquiry yet y et to finish. This project will Build 6 diesel-electric powered

Project 75I

AirIndependent Propulsion


stealth submarines in India. With Anti-air-independent propulsion system to prevent enemies e nemies from detecting submarines. submarines. Will have Land attack capabili capability ty using Brahmos Mini missiles. It contains 2nd generation hydrogen fuel cell, so submarine sub marine can recharge its batteries underwater, without witho ut coming on surface. surface. Thi Thiss prevents prev ents enemies e nemies from detecting our submarines DRDO will will fit the AIP system syste m on Scorpene submarines sub marines . And later in Project 75-I 75 -I submari submarines. nes. Hull mounted sonar. NG stands for “new generation”. These Sonars Sonars will help our our navy to detect enemyenemy divers trying to attack Indian harbors.

INS Kolkata Largest Anti-submarine warship, built built by IIndia. ndia.

[Block-4] Defense exercises and Misc. developments Defense Exercises held in November 2 2014 014


Defense of Guja Gujarat rat

Hand in Hand

Navy, Coast guard and Airforce To prev prevent ent repeat of 26/11 terrorist attack. To combat smuggling sm uggling,, tr trans-n ans-national ational crimes and terrorism. Indian and Chinese Army, Held at Pune, 4th Edition. Focus: Counter-terrorism. Focus:  Counter-terrorism. Confidence building and future joint operations operations as UN peacekeepin peacekee ping g forces.

Avir Indra

 Joint IndoIndo-Russia Russia airforce exercise. Location: Halwara, Punjab.


TRV Navy Day Armed Forces Flag Day INS Sukanya, Deepak etc. Binola, Haryana


Misc. developments Torpedo Torp edo recovery recove ry vessel. v essel. This This ship sank sank at Visakhapa Visakh apattana ttanam m coast in 2 2014, 014, November. November . Celebrated on December 4. To mark th the e success of  Operation Trident, in which Indian navy devastate de vastated d Karachi harbour. Observed on Decembe Decemberr 7, since since 1949. 194 9.

Delivered fresh fre sh water to Mal Maldives dives after country’s desalination plant plant got damaged. Government will setup Indian national defense university here. Chinese Mobile company. company. It forward f orwardss IMEI, address book, text message to its Beijing Beijing serve server. r. Hence IAF I AF (Airforce) (Airforce ) ordered personnel not not to use this phone due to security reasons.

Mock Questions Q1. Consider fo following llowing statements statements about Rafael Rafael 1. It is a fifth generation combat combat aircraft. aircraft.


2. Under Under the proposed deal, Fra France nce will will sup supply ply 108 jets, remaining remaining 18 will be produced produced by HAL und under er transfer of technology. technology. 3. Dassult company will be required to INVEST  back 50% of the amount in India, under “offset policy” Which of the above statements stateme nts are wrong? A. B. C. D.

Only 1 and 2 Only 2 and 3 Only 1 and 3 None of them

Q2. UAV U AV Panchi is a wheeled version of UA UAV V ____, while Nirbhay Missile Miss ile is based on UA UAV V _____. A. B. C. D.

Nethra, Nisha Nishant nt Nisha Nishant, nt, Nethra Nisha Nishant, nt, Lakshya Lakshya, Nishant

Q3. Consider C onsider follo following wing stat statements ements about Dhruv helicopters 1. They can be used for transpo transport, rt, surveillance surveillance and and relief operations operations only. 2. Dhruv helicopters use Shakti Engine. 3. They’re manufactured manufactured by by Paw Pawan an Hans ltd. ltd. Correct statements stateme nts a are re A. Only 1 and 2 B. Only 2 and 3 C. Only 1 and 3 D. None of them Q4. Consider following weapon systems: 1. Akash missil missile e 2. Schilika 3. NAG Which of them are ideal again against st e enemy-aircra nemy-aircraft? ft? A. Only 1 and 2 B. Only 2 and 3 C. Only 1 and 3


D. All of them Q5. Consider following missiles 1. 2. 3. 4.

Agni-4 Nirbhay Prithvi-3 Akash

Arrange them in ascend ascending ing order of their rang range? e? a. b. c. d.

1234 1243 2143 4321

Q6. Nirbhay is a ___ ____sonic _sonic missile and Brahmos is a ___sonic missile. a. b. c. d.

Sub, sub sub,super sub,hyper hyper,sub

Q7. (CSAT-2014) ( CSAT-2014) Which reference to Ag Agni-IV ni-IV Missil Missile, e, which of the following follo wing statement statementss is/are is/are co correct? rrect? 1. It is a surface-tosurface-to-surface surface missile. 2. It is fuelle fuelled d by liquid liquid propellant only. 3. It can deliver deliver one-tonne one-tonne nuclear warhead warheadss ab about out 7500 km away. Select the the correc correctt answer answer using the code given below. belo w. 1. 2. 3. 4.

1 only 2 and 3 only 1 and 3 only 1, 2 and 3

Q8. Find incorrect pairs a. INS Viraa Viraat: t: HMS Hercules Her cules b. INS Vikramaditya : Admiral Gorchakov c. INS Sind Sindhura huratna: tna: Fast petrol vessel. vesse l. Incorrect pairs are A. Only 1 and 2


B. Only 2 and 3 C. Only 1 and 3 D. All of them Q9. Corr Correct ect statement statementss about INS Vikrant a. It was an aircraft aircraft carrier, purchased purchased from France. b. Vikrant Vikrant was decommissio decommissioned ned after after its last service at rescue-relief  operations during 2004’s Tsunami c. Both A and and B d. Neither A nor B Q10.. Correct Q10 Co rrect state statements ments about Dhanush Dhanush Howitzer? How itzer? a. They ind indigenously igenously manufactured, manufactured, usin using g Israel’s Israe l’s Spike Spike howitzer howitzer design. b. It can delive deliverr upto upto ha half-tonne lf-tonne artillery shells ab about out 50 kms away. away. c. Both A and and B d. Neither A nor B Q11.. Hand in hand is a joint _____ exercise between India and ____. Q11 a. b. c. d.

mechanized warfare, USA airforce, China Navy, Russia Counter terrorism, China

Q12 . Avir Indra Q12. I ndra is a joint airfo airforce rce exercise between India and ____, held at ____ in 2014. a. b. c. d.

USA, Bangalu Bangaluru ru USA, Punja Punjab b Russia, Bangaluru Bangaluru Russia, Punjab

Interview 1. Has India made the right ch choice oice in purchasing purchasing Rafael as our MMRC MMRCA? A? 2. Has India made the right choice in scrapping the legendary INS Vikrant rather rathe r than turning it into a naval naval Museum?

Article printed from Mrun Mrunal: al:

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