Definition Of

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Definition of 'Weighted Average Cost Of Capital -

A calculation of a firm's cost of capital in which each category of
capital is proportionately weighted. All capital sources - common
stock, preferred stock, bonds and any other long-term debt -
are included in a WACC calculation. All else equal, the WACC of
a firm increases as the beta and rate of return on equity
increases, as an increase in WACC notes a decrease in valuation
and a higher risk.

The WACC equation is the cost of each capital component
multiplied by its proportional weight and then summing:

Re = cost of equity
Rd = cost of debt
E = market value of the firm's equity
D = market value of the firm's debt
V = E + D
E/V = percentage of financing that is equity
D/V = percentage of financing that is debt
Tc = corporate tax rate

Businesses often discount cash flows at WACC to determine the
Net Present Value (NPV) of a project, using the formula:

NPV = Present Value (PV) of the Cash Flows discounted
at WACC.

Investopedia explains 'Weighted Average Cost Of Capital

Broadly speaking, a company's assets are financed by either
debt or equity. WACC is the average of the costs of these
sources of financing, each of which is weighted by its respective
use in the given situation. By taking a weighted average, we can
see how much interest the company has to pay for every dollar
it finances.

A firm's WACC is the overall required return on the firm as a
whole and, as such, it is often used internally by company
directors to determine the economic feasibility of expansionary
opportunities and mergers. It is the appropriate discount rate to
use for cash flows with risk that is similar to that of the overall

Definition of 'Discount Rate'

The interest rate charged to commercial banks and other
depository institutions for loans received from the Federal
Reserve Bank’s discount window. The discount rate also refers
to the interest rate used in discounted cash flow (DCF) analysis
to determine the present value of future cash flows. The
discount rate in DCF analysis takes into account not just the
time value of money, but also the risk or uncertainty of future
cash flows; the greater the uncertainty of future cash flows, the
higher the discount rate. A third meaning of the term “discount
rate” is the rate used by pension plans and insurance companies
for discounting their liabilities.

Definition of 'Modified Internal Rate Of Return -

While the internal rate of return (IRR) assumes the
cash flows from a project are reinvested at the IRR,
the modified IRR assumes that positive cash flows are
reinvested at the firm's cost of capital, and the initial
outlays are financed at the firm's financing cost.
Therefore, MIRR more accurately reflects the cost and
profitability of a project.

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