Design Guidelines

Published on May 2016 | Categories: Topics | Downloads: 56 | Comments: 0 | Views: 497
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design guidelines and considerations

building types

strictly residential (single detached)
 Identify owner’s requirements and wish-list

 Users profile

 Special treatment regarding spaces concerning environmental factors


subdivision planning
 Consider lot size given for apportioning  Roadway system shall be double loaded type  provide buffer trees on the perimeter fronting a source of nuissances  follow design standards set by authorities  meandering raodways create more interest


apartments/ townhouses/ walk-up condominiums
 Cluster arrangements are preferred  consider utilities and services like the use of meter banking electrical room, fire exits and suppression system, vertical transport, laundry areas, water tanks etc.  follow design standards set by authorities  hallways must be adequate


 Consider nature / function/ services of the office

 Open planning concept is OK
 Most economical ratio 70% rentable space 30% circulatory/ service areas

 Problem specific situations must be carefully analyzed
 If basement parking is required, take note of density requirements


 The vault shall be so located at the most secured independent spot within the building  The manager’s cubicle/ office shall be near the public area  Define banking floor and clerical area

 Straightforward circulation
 Security is priority


 Guest’s needs always first  Guest rooms must be provided with adequate facilities  Internal T&B for guest rooms OK, Bed areas must be adjacent to area with window

 Kitchen areas must be accessible to function areas 60% dining, 40% kitchen
 Provide adequate BOH area away from public view  Business center and concierge must be accessible from all points  Hospitable atmosphere for the whole setting


 Sightlines in relation to the screen and seating configuration “60 cone of vision”  Fire protection system and exits must be equally distributed  Acoustical treatment and lighting system

 Active ventilation


recording/ sound studio
 Acoustical treatment  Apply the principle of “box within a box”  Cotrol booth with sound equipments

 For dubbing studio provide projector room and screen with sound effects pit
 No walls are perpendicular to each other  Floor must be raised floor system


shopping center
 “Every square inch counts”  Display of merchandise  Space configuration to maximize foot traffic

 Ample parkings slot available
 Service and delivery system  Convenient circulation and wayfinding


Seaports/ Airports
 Passenger and cargo traffic must be segregated

 Terminal building must be provided with appropriate facilities
 Coast guard office / Air Transportation Office is required, provide it with communication facilities  Land transportation access must be included  Passenger concourse and waiting area must be adequate especially during peak season


manufacturing- large scale industry
 Eco-environmental considerations in terms of its emitted pollutants  Buffers zones are very essential  Roadways must accommodate movement of large vehicles and equipment

 Site zoning must be clearly established: Administrative, Production, Storage, Prohibited, Utilities
 Safety features must be included


 Eco-environmental considerations in terms of its emitted pollutants  Internal zoning must be established: Color coding of areas are preferred to monitor flow  Catwalks can be provided for systems supervisor

 Clinic must be near production area
 Loading and Unloading zones for raw and finished products must be properly located in relation to storage facilities

 Pollutants must be checked


shipyards/ hangars
 Stockyard for materials must be large enough to accommodate volume of materials  Check dimensions of ship/ aircraft- space must accommodate different models  Repair sheds should have ample structure height


 Identify primary users’ profile  Consider the 3 major components of the academe: Instruction, research, and extension  Lecture room size as per DepED/ CHED requirements: 7m X 9m for 40 students  Provide ample circulation facilities  Safety and security measures


research laboratory
 Holding area of specimens  Safety and security measures  Provision of work stations and technical library

 Records vault and surveillance system
 Databank location


 Determine book holdings  Use of ICT features  Provide book repairs and work area

 Ample storage facilities
 Dumbwaiter for multi floor libraries  Ample light and ventilation


 Circulation system/ flow of viewers  Vault of priceless collections  Curatorial spaces

 Workshop area for repair, restoration and maintenance of artefacts
 Flexible service entrance for large materials  Safety and security


city hall / civic center
 Application of all laws and provisions on design and construction  Heavy public oriented/ transactional areas must be on the ground floor  Linear flow of civic services

 Flagpole and assembly area
 Recreational facilities


 Strict zoning of areas- sterile/ non sterile, private/ public, quiet/ noisy  Relationship of major divisionsOPD/ Emergency/ Clinical/ Surgical/ Wards/ Administration/Ancillary  Centralized Planning


fire station
 Importance of the apparatus floor  Hose tower  Quarters and living areas

 Administration and night watch
 Equipment storage and facilities


 Delineation of consular affairs, attaches portfolio office and ambassadorial  Security and evacuation features  Quarters and residential units

 Public spaces, presence of flagpole
 Image, character


 Classification of areas by concentric arrangement construction  Security/ surveillance features  Recreational/ occupational areas

 Humane environment


police station
 Booking counter  Armory must be near office of station commander  Safety and security features

 Cell separation


Sports Facilities
 climate conditions  population of players, expectators, and support persons  availability of land and site  safety  surfacing of the play areas

 openness  free flowing movement  segregation of areas of different activities and features  landscaping and way finding elements

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