Design Guidelines

Published on May 2016 | Categories: Topics | Downloads: 56 | Comments: 0 | Views: 497
of 40
Download PDF   Embed   Report

Comments

Content

design guidelines and considerations

building types

strictly residential (single detached)
 Identify owner’s requirements and wish-list

 Users profile

 Special treatment regarding spaces concerning environmental factors

residential

subdivision planning
 Consider lot size given for apportioning  Roadway system shall be double loaded type  provide buffer trees on the perimeter fronting a source of nuissances  follow design standards set by authorities  meandering raodways create more interest

residential

apartments/ townhouses/ walk-up condominiums
 Cluster arrangements are preferred  consider utilities and services like the use of meter banking electrical room, fire exits and suppression system, vertical transport, laundry areas, water tanks etc.  follow design standards set by authorities  hallways must be adequate

residential

offices
 Consider nature / function/ services of the office

 Open planning concept is OK
 Most economical ratio 70% rentable space 30% circulatory/ service areas

 Problem specific situations must be carefully analyzed
 If basement parking is required, take note of density requirements

commercial

banks
 The vault shall be so located at the most secured independent spot within the building  The manager’s cubicle/ office shall be near the public area  Define banking floor and clerical area

 Straightforward circulation
 Security is priority

commercial

hotels
 Guest’s needs always first  Guest rooms must be provided with adequate facilities  Internal T&B for guest rooms OK, Bed areas must be adjacent to area with window

 Kitchen areas must be accessible to function areas 60% dining, 40% kitchen
 Provide adequate BOH area away from public view  Business center and concierge must be accessible from all points  Hospitable atmosphere for the whole setting

commercial

cinema
 Sightlines in relation to the screen and seating configuration “60 cone of vision”  Fire protection system and exits must be equally distributed  Acoustical treatment and lighting system

 Active ventilation

commercial

recording/ sound studio
 Acoustical treatment  Apply the principle of “box within a box”  Cotrol booth with sound equipments

 For dubbing studio provide projector room and screen with sound effects pit
 No walls are perpendicular to each other  Floor must be raised floor system

commercial

shopping center
 “Every square inch counts”  Display of merchandise  Space configuration to maximize foot traffic

 Ample parkings slot available
 Service and delivery system  Convenient circulation and wayfinding

commercial

Seaports/ Airports
 Passenger and cargo traffic must be segregated

 Terminal building must be provided with appropriate facilities
 Coast guard office / Air Transportation Office is required, provide it with communication facilities  Land transportation access must be included  Passenger concourse and waiting area must be adequate especially during peak season

commercial

manufacturing- large scale industry
 Eco-environmental considerations in terms of its emitted pollutants  Buffers zones are very essential  Roadways must accommodate movement of large vehicles and equipment

 Site zoning must be clearly established: Administrative, Production, Storage, Prohibited, Utilities
 Safety features must be included

industrial

factories
 Eco-environmental considerations in terms of its emitted pollutants  Internal zoning must be established: Color coding of areas are preferred to monitor flow  Catwalks can be provided for systems supervisor

 Clinic must be near production area
 Loading and Unloading zones for raw and finished products must be properly located in relation to storage facilities

 Pollutants must be checked

industrial

shipyards/ hangars
 Stockyard for materials must be large enough to accommodate volume of materials  Check dimensions of ship/ aircraft- space must accommodate different models  Repair sheds should have ample structure height

industrial

schools
 Identify primary users’ profile  Consider the 3 major components of the academe: Instruction, research, and extension  Lecture room size as per DepED/ CHED requirements: 7m X 9m for 40 students  Provide ample circulation facilities  Safety and security measures

institutional

research laboratory
 Holding area of specimens  Safety and security measures  Provision of work stations and technical library

 Records vault and surveillance system
 Databank location

institutional

library
 Determine book holdings  Use of ICT features  Provide book repairs and work area

 Ample storage facilities
 Dumbwaiter for multi floor libraries  Ample light and ventilation

institutional

museum
 Circulation system/ flow of viewers  Vault of priceless collections  Curatorial spaces

 Workshop area for repair, restoration and maintenance of artefacts
 Flexible service entrance for large materials  Safety and security

institutional

city hall / civic center
 Application of all laws and provisions on design and construction  Heavy public oriented/ transactional areas must be on the ground floor  Linear flow of civic services

 Flagpole and assembly area
 Recreational facilities

institutional

hospital
 Strict zoning of areas- sterile/ non sterile, private/ public, quiet/ noisy  Relationship of major divisionsOPD/ Emergency/ Clinical/ Surgical/ Wards/ Administration/Ancillary  Centralized Planning

institutional

fire station
 Importance of the apparatus floor  Hose tower  Quarters and living areas

 Administration and night watch
 Equipment storage and facilities

institutional

embassy
 Delineation of consular affairs, attaches portfolio office and ambassadorial  Security and evacuation features  Quarters and residential units

 Public spaces, presence of flagpole
 Image, character

institutional

penitentiary
 Classification of areas by concentric arrangement construction  Security/ surveillance features  Recreational/ occupational areas

 Humane environment

institutional

police station
 Booking counter  Armory must be near office of station commander  Safety and security features

 Cell separation

institutional

Sports Facilities
 climate conditions  population of players, expectators, and support persons  availability of land and site  safety  surfacing of the play areas

parks
 openness  free flowing movement  segregation of areas of different activities and features  landscaping and way finding elements

Sponsor Documents

Or use your account on DocShare.tips

Hide

Forgot your password?

Or register your new account on DocShare.tips

Hide

Lost your password? Please enter your email address. You will receive a link to create a new password.

Back to log-in

Close