Disaster Preparedness

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Pre-disaster Preparedness
Post-disaster Preparedness
Efficient action at all levels to save lives
Reduce sufferings &
Minimize damage to property

Public Education on all types of disasters
through awareness campaigns
Provision for issuing early warnings
Organization of People
Disaster Management Training &
Emergency food stock

Affects the lives of many people each year
Within minutes a natural disaster can shatter
a community.
Their lives could be changed for ever.

a) Database
b) Logistics
c) Technological Needs
d) Self Reliance
e) Communication Infrastructure
f) Emergency Preparedness
g) Forecasting

On various resources, skills, & services required
for relief at short notice.
It will have information on safety equipments,
oxygen cylinders & various other equipments,
skills and other information required to deal with

One of the most difficult problems to be
handled is the organization of supply chain for
This system could not be integrated with the GIS
system so that supplies could be tracked right
upto the village.
This needs to be done. Likewise, other elements
of logistics need to be put in place.

The community self-reliance, lot of aid led to
excessive inventory at the household level
leading to reduced incentives for work and
Likewise, there were areas where communities
came together to help each other.
The lessons of community self-help need to
be put together.
A database of volunteers who can move at
short notice will need to be developed.

Whole range of technical questions regarding
buildings, cutting concrete slabs, rescue and
relief emerged which needed to be solved on the

The best practices have to be put in use.

This is a serious problem and has to be
resolved once for all.
It will require network of ham radios, use of All
India Radio, Television Channels & setting up
help lines, etc.
We will also have to create information
dissemination system and develop mechanism
for capacity building.

Drills will have to be organized to keep society
prepared for dealing with such emergencies.
One will have to learn from the experience of
other similar drills.

Wherever possible, disasters which can be
anticipated over time or space need to be looked
For instance, buildings erected on land fill areas
which were wetlands or low lying areas were
more likely to get damaged, as was borne out by
the recent evidence.

“Knowledge and Preparation”
are the keys to survival in the event of a

Do you want to be prepared?
Do you want to be surprised?

Make disaster preparations at home.

Survivalism is a state of mind.

Disasters happen anytime and anywhere.
And when disaster strikes, you may not have
much time to respond.
A highway spill or hazardous material could
mean evacuation.

A winter storm could confine your family at
home. An earthquake, flood, tornado, or any
other disaster could cut water, electricity, and
telephones-for days.
After a disaster, local officials and relief workers
will be on the scene, but they cannot reach
everyone immediately.

You could get help in hours, or it may
take days.
Would your family be prepared to cope
with the emergency until help arrives?
Your family will cope best by
preparing for disaster before it

One way to prepare is by assembling a Disaster
Supplies Kit.
Once disaster hits, you won't have time to shop
or search for supplies.
But if you've gathered supplies in advance, your
family can endure an evacuation or home

 Review

the checklist below.

Gather the supplies that are listed. You may
need them if your family is confined at home.
 Place

the supplies you'd most likely need for an
evacuation in an easy-to-carry container.

 These

supplies are listed with an asterisk (*).

6 basic items to be stocked for your home
 Water
 food
 first

aid supplies
 clothing and bedding
 tools and emergency supplies &
 special items.
 Keep

the items that you would most likely
need during an evacuation in an easy-to
carry container.

Possible Containers IncludeA large, covered trash container,
A camping backpack,

A duffle bag.

Store water in plastic containers such as soft
drink bottles, etc.
Avoid using containers that will decompose or
break, such as milk cartons or glass bottles.
A normally active person needs to drink at least 5
Ls of water each day.

Hot environments and intense physical
activity can double that amount.
Children, nursing mothers, and ill people
will need more. Store 10 Ls of water per
person per day.

Keep at least a three-day supply of water
per person (30 Ls for drinking, 30 Ls for
each person in your household for food

Store at least a three-day supply of nonperishable food.
Select foods that require no refrigeration,
preparation or cooking, and little or no water.
If you must heat food, pack a can of sterno.
Select food items that are compact and

Supplies Kit:
Ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits, and vegetables
Canned juices

Staples (salt, sugar, pepper, spices, etc.)
High energy foods
Food for infants
Comfort/stress foods

Assemble a first aid kit for your home & one for each

A first aid kit should include:

Sterile adhesive bandages in assorted sizes

Assorted sizes of safety pins

Cleansing agent/soap

Latex gloves (2 pairs)


2-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)

4-inch sterile gauze pads (4-6)

Triangular bandages (3)

Non-prescription drugs

2-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)

3-inch sterile roller bandages (3 rolls)



Moistened towelettes



Tongue blades (2)

Tube of petroleum jelly or other lubricant

Aspirin or nonaspirin pain reliever

Anti-diarrhea medication

Antacid (for stomach upset)

Syrup of Ipecac (use to induce vomiting if
advised by the Poison Control Center)


Activated charcoal (use if advised by the
Poison Control Center)

Mess kits, or paper cups, plates, and plastic

Emergency preparedness manual*

Battery-operated radio and extra batteries*

Flashlight and extra batteries*

Cash or traveler's checks, change*

Non-electric can opener, utility knife*

Fire extinguisher: small canister ABC type

Tube tent




Matches in a waterproof container

Aluminum foil

Plastic storage containers

Signal flare

Paper, pencil

Needles, thread

Medicine dropper

Shut-off wrench, to turn off household gas
and water


Plastic sheeting

Map of the area (for locating shelters)

*Include at least one complete change of
clothing & footwear per person

Sturdys shoes or work boots*
Rain gear*

Blankets or sleeping bags*

Hat and gloves

Thermal underwear


Remember family members with special requirements,
such as infants and elderly or disabled persons




Powdered milk


For Baby*

Heart and high blood pressure medication


Prescription drugs

Denture needs

Contact lenses and supplies

Extra eye glasses


Keep these records in a waterproof, portable
 Will,

insurance policies, contracts deeds,
stocks and bonds

 Passports,


 Bank

social security cards, immunization

account numbers

 Credit

card account numbers and companies

Inventory of valuable household goods,
important telephone numbers

Family records (birth, marriage, death

Store your kit in a convenient place known to all
family members.

Keep a smaller version of the Disaster Supplies
Kit in the trunk of your car.

 Keep

items in airtight plastic bags.

 Change

your stored water supply every six
months so it stays fresh.

 Replace

your stored food every six months.

 Re-think

your kit and family needs at least
once a year.

 Replace
 Ask

batteries, update clothes, etc.

your physician or pharmacist about
storing prescription medications.

In a fire or other similar emergency, evacuate
on a moments notice.
Develop an escape plan by drawing a floor
plan of your residence’

Show the location of doors,

large furniture & emergency supplies;
fire extinguishers,
smoke detectors,

collapsible shutters, etc.


Are you ready for a Flood/Flash Flood?

Are you ready for an Earthquake?

Are you ready for a Hurricane?

Are you ready for a Fire?

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