Dixon v. Elnekaveh et. al.

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Official Complaint for Patent Infringement in Civil Action No. 9:13-cv-80949: Dixon v. Elnekaveh et. al. Filed in U.S. District Court for the Southern District of Florida, no judge yet assigned. See http://news.priorsmart.com/-l99n for more info.

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13-cv-80949-Ryskamp/Hopkins
I J NI TED STATES DI STRI CT COI J RT FOR TH E SOUTI I ERN DI STRI CT OF FLO RI DA CASE NO . 13-cv-80949-Ryskamp/Hopkins ROY J.DI XON Pl ai nt x,
VK

JURY DEM m

ED

ALEXANDER ELNEK AVEH d/ b / a, TY DEFYER l N C. , GRAVI l NN o vATI ON W I ZARD ,

AROA M ARU TI NG GADGET I J M VERSE,
STRONG I DEA,and ESRI M VE SM VA HOLDI NG CO RR ,
De f endant s .

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COM PLM NT

e nda nt sAl e xande rEl ne ka ve hWb l % ' I hi sa c t i ona r i s e sunde r35USC j271a gs i nK tt heDef
Gr a vi t y Def yerI nc. ,I nnova t i on W i z xr d, Ar oaM a r ke t i ng,Ga dge tUni ver s e,Skong I dew l nc., and

Es r i m VeS h e vaHo l d i n gCo r p. , Cr e f e n d n n t s n )f o r pa t e n ti n f r i n g e me n t .

13-cv-80949-Ryskamp/Hopkins

1 . JI J RI SDI CTI ON

Th i sCo u r t h a s j u r i s d i c t i o no v e rt h es u b j e c tma t t e ro ft h i sc o mp l a i n t pu r s us n t t ou n d e r3 5US C
j271.n eamounti ncon t r ove r s ye xc e eds$ 75, 000. 0 0.

2 . ' I hi sCo u r t ma ye xe r c i s em r s o n a l j u r i s d i c t i o no v e rt h ea Mv eDe f e n d n n t sb s K e . du m ni t s

c o n t a c t sw1 t 1 1 t h i s j u di c i a l d i s Gc t .

3 . Ve n uei sp r o mri nt h i sj u d i c i a ld i s t r i c t p u r s l l n n tt o35USC j2 71 .
I I . TI I E PARTI ES

4. P l a i n t i f Ro y JDi x o n, C Di xo n ' ' )i st h eo wn e ro ft h eUni t e dS t a t e sP a t e n t N0 . 6 , 5 4 6 , 6 4 8 , a n da
r es i de ntoft he St a t eofFl or i dw r es i di ng a t1 63m ve r a Cour tRoyalPs l m Be ac h,Fl or i da 3341 1.

5. De f e ndn nt Al exa nde rEl ne kave h,i st he ownerof GOWT De f ye rl nc. ,I nnova ion W i z ar d,
Ar oa M a r ke t i ng,Ga dge tUni ve r s e ,Skong I deaI nc. , and Es r i m Ve She va Hol di ng Cor mr a t i ow

C re f e n d n n t s ' ' )wi t hi t spr i n c i pa l p l a c eo fb u s i n e s sa t1 0 6 4 3 Gl e n o a k sBl v dPa c o i mw CA 91 3 31
1 . STATEG NT O F CASE

6 . OnAp r i l1 5 , 2 0 0 3 , t h eUn i t e dS t a t e sP a t e n ta n dTr a d e ma r kOœ c eCPTO' ' ) i s s u e dP l a i n t i f
t heUni t ed St a t esLet t er sPa t e ntN0. 6, 5 46, 648,t i t l e d,uAt hl e t i c ShoeW i t h St a bi l i z e d Di s c r e t e

Re s i l i e n t El e me n t sl nHe e l ' ' C6 48 ' ' ) .S i n c et h a t d a t e , Pl a i n t i Fh n qb . e e na n ds il l i st h eo wn e ro ft h o s e
Le t t e r sPa t e nt e d.Se e Pl a i nt i / sExbi bi tA De f e ndn n t s , ha vebee ni nf r i ngi ng s a i d Pa t e ntLe t t e r ss i nce2006, by maki ng,s e l l i ng, and us i ng s hoeswi t hç f st abi l i z e d Di s c r e t eRes i l i en tEl e me nt si nt hehee loft he s hoe se mbod yi ng t hepa t e n t ed

h we n t i o n , a n dc o n t i n u e st od os ou nl e s se n j o i n e db yt hi sc o u r t .
8. Def e ndn nt sha veones t or ei nt he St a t e ofFl or i dat ha ts e l l sGr a vi t y De f ye rs hoes . 9. Pl a i n t i f haspl ac e dt her e qui r e ds t a t u t or ynot i c e on a 1 1s hoe sma nt l f a c t l l -z la nd s ol d by t he De f e ndn nt st mders ai d Le t t er sPa t e nt , andha sgi ve n wr i t t en not i c et o Def e ndnn t sofhi ss a i d

i nf r i ng eme nt .S 4e Pl e t i / sExl z i bi t sB & C
-

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13-cv-80949-Ryskamp/Hopkins

1 0. Thepa t e ntabs H c tf orç ç 648' ' pa t e ntr e a dsm sf ol l ows: An a t hl e t i cs hoe i nc l ude ss ube nt i al l y hor i z ont alc ha mbe rs ubs t a nt i a l l yw i t hi n ahe elpor t i on ofa

mi ds o l e , t h ec h a marh a v i l ya eo s p h e r i cc o mme c a t i o na ti t sl a t e r a l s i d e s . n ec b a mb e ri n c l u d e sa n

uppe rs ubs t an ial l yr i gi d honzo nt a lpl a t eha vi ng a tl e >c tf oura mr t ur est her e i na nd a l owe rs ubs t a nt i a l l y

r i g i dh o l i z o n t a l s u p mr t gl a t eh a vi n gac o r r e s p o n di n gyl u r a l i t yo fa tl e q K t f o u ra p e r t u r e s . Fl e xi b l e

r e s i l i e n t u n i t a r ys l e e ve smt e g r a l l yj o i nr e s mc t i v ev e r t l c a l pa i r so ft h ea mr t ur e so ft h eu p m ra ndl o we r
pl a t esx s mc t i vel y. Di s ms e d wi t hi ne a ch oft her e s i l i e nts l e e vesa r er e s i l i e ntme mY r se ac h ha vi ng s pr i ng co ns t a n ta nd s pr i ng r a t eF ea t ert ha 1 1t ha toft he s l ee ves .

De f e n d a n t s , i n f r i n g e ss a i dUS t $ 6 4 8 ' ' p a t e n tl e t t e r sc hi m 1( a ) ( b ) ( c ) , wh i c hf o l l o ws :
Cl a i m 1

1 .An a Xe t i cs hoeha vi ng as ubq t a nt i a l l y hor i z ont alc ha m be rs ube nt i al l y wi t hi n ahee lpor t i on ofam i ds ol et he r e of ,s a i d cha ma rha vi ng a % os phe r i ccommuni c a t i on a tl a t e r als i dest he r e of , t he c ha me rc ompr i s i ng: Cl a i m 1 .t ' Par tm b. c ) down wa r dl yd i r e c t e dr es i l i e ntc avl t i e st he r ei n,e ac h ofs a i dc a vi ie sdef me d by a n upm rr e s i l i e nt s l e eve;

( a )a nu p pe rs u bs f n n t i a l l yr i g i dh o r i z o n t a l s u p mr t pl a t eh a v i ngap l u ml i t yo ft r a n s v e r s e

upwa r dl y di r ec t e dr es i l i e ntc avi t l e st he r ei nsea c h ofs a i dc a vi t i e sde f med by al owerr e s l l l e nts l ee ve i n whi c he a ch o ppos i ngpa i rofs a i dve r t i c a lca vi t i escompr i s esr es mc t i vepor t i onsofas i ngl e c i r cu mf e r e nt i a lr es i l i e nts l e evedeGni ng a ni nt egr aéon ofs a i d upm ra nd l owe rs l e e ves ;a nd

( b ) al o we rs u b en t i a l l yr i g i dho r i z o n t a l s u p p o r t pl a t eh a vi n gac o r r e s mn d i n qy l u r a l i t yo f

( c )apl l x ml i t yo fr e s i l i e n tme >n qd i s ms e dwi t h i na na g ve g a t el e n gt ho fe a c ho p p os i n gp a i r
ofs a i d uppe rand l owe rc a vi t i e s ,s ai dr e s i l i e ntme snKcompr i s i ng ac yl i ndr i c albody ofa s ol i dr e s i l i e nt ma t e r i a l , s a i d Cyl i ndr i ca lbody e xt e ndi ng down wa r dl yt br oug hs ai dl owe rpl a t et o aY t t o m mos t s ur f a c e ofan ou t e rs ol e ofs a i ds hoe ,s a i dr e s i l i e ntm - nsea c h havi ng ag e a t ers pr i ng r a t ea nd s pr i ng c onR t xntt ha nt ha tofs a i dr es i l i en ts l e e ve.

De f enda nt s ,ma nuf a c t u r e sa nds e l l sas hoema r ke t e dunde rt hena meç ç c y r a vi t yDe f y er ' '( t he ç t c y r a vi t yDe f ye r n l .
1 3. Gr avi t y Def y erc ont ai nsava cui t yi nt he he e lpor t i o n oft he s hoe, wi t hi nwhi c hi sa s e tof
t hr e es pr i ngs ,a n AV S s ys t em t ha tco nt a i nsY ne W ayVe nta ndAi rChnnne l s ' ' . Unde me a t ht het oe

po r t i on ofC va vi t yDe f ye ri sas e c ond vac ui t y.Be t wee nt hef l r s ' tand s e c ond va c ui t i esi sa a i rf l ow pm s s a ge wa y, whi c hf a c i l i t a t e st hemove me ntofa i r*om t he f l r s tt ot hes e cond va c ui t y. ni se me di menti n&i nge sc l ai m 1, whe r ea st he c ha me rha vi ng a e os phe r i cc omm uni ca t i o na tl a t e r a l
s i de st he r e of 3-

13-cv-80949-Ryskamp/Hopkins

1 4. Gr a vi t y De f ye rs hoe, al s o known a st heGDt f ys hoe, i nc l ude suas uben nt i a l l y hor i z ont a l c ha mbe rs ubs t a nGa l l y wi t hi n ahe elN r t i on ofami dxl et he r e of . ' ' The c ha me rpr ovi de sf o r a % os phe t i cc ommuni c a t i on a tl a t e r als i de st her e of .Thi si sdes c r i be i n GDe f y AV S One Wa yVe nt a ndAi rCha nne l swhi c ha pm a rt ot he l e ha nd r i ghtoft hehœ lm r t i on. Fundi on oft he s event sa nd

c ha nne li sa l x des c r i be d by GDe f ya sf ol l ows :

G ai ri sdr a wn 9om t he s hoe' si n t e r i o ra nd e xm l l e d,c ool i ngt hef oo ta nd r ed uc i ng m i cr obi a lp owt l t' '
See Pl a i nt i p sExhi bi t sD 1 5. De f e ndn nt s ,i nf r i ngesCl ai m 1 .( a)

( a ) Anu p m rs u b en t i a l l yr i /ds u p po r t p l a t ei n c l u d e sap l x l ml i t yo fd o wn wa r d l yd i r e c t e d r e s i l i e n tc a vi t i e s( URC)t h e r e i n, e a c hof t h ec a v i ie sd e f me db ya nu p m rr e s i l i e n t s l e e ve( URSI .
ni si ss hown by t hephot op a phsi n ex hi bi tE. Ther e s i l i e ntca vi t i esm a r ke d URC a nd de m nd 9om

a nu p m rr i gi ds u p mr t p l a t ema r k e d( ( ; P) .Th a ti s , t h ec a v i t i e sd e f met h eu p m rr e s i l i e n ts l e e ve s( URS)
al s oi ss hown i ne xhi bi t sE,i nt hee xpl o de d vi ew oft heVe r s oshoc ks hoe. Se ePl a i n t i f l ' sExhi bi tE 1 6. De f endn nt s ,i nf r i nge sCl a i m1 .( b)

( b ) al o we rs u b s t a n t i a l l yr i g i dh o r i z o n t a l s u p mr t p l a t eh a v i n gac or r e s wn d i ngpl u r s l i t yo f
upwa r dl y di r e c t e dr e s i l i en tc avi t i e st he r e i n,e ac h ofs a i dc a vi t i e sde f me d by al owe rr e s i l i e nts l e e ve i n
wbi ch e a c ho pm s i ngpa i rofs a i dver t i c a lc a vi t i esc om pr i s e sr es pe ct i vem r t i onsofas i ngl e

ci r c um f er e nt i a lr es i l i e nts l e e vede gni ng a ni nt eg r a t i on ofs ai d upm rand l owe rs l e e ves ;a nd
a ss hown i ne xhi bi tF,phot on phsi st he l owe rs ubs t ant i a l l yr i gi d hol i z ont a ls upm r t pl a t em a r ke d RLP' '

a nds i mi l a r l yma r ke di nt heVe r s oshoc kadve r t i s e me nt .Thel owe rhor i zo nt als uppor tpl a t eCLP' ' ) i ke ,l

t h eu p p e rp l a t eCUP' ' )p o s s e s s e sap l n ml i t yo fr e s i l i e nt c a v i ue s , LRSi nt h ep h o t o np h s , e a c ho fwhi c h
ca vi t i e sa r ede f i ne d by ac or r es pm di ng c i r ml mf e r e nt i a lr e s i l i e nts l e e vem a r ked i nt he phot on ph LRS. SeePl s i nt i / sExhi bi tF ,G,H
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13-cv-80949-Ryskamp/Hopkins

n eu p p e ra n dl o we rp a i mo fv e r t i c a l c a vi t i e s j o i nt of o r m as i n g l ec i r c u mf e r e n t i a l r e s i l i e n ts l e e v e
d e f me db yt h ei n t e nt i o no fs a i dO p p e ra n dl o we rs l e e v e s ' ' a ss e tf o r t hi nt h el i mi t a d o nofP M ( b )o f
Cl a i m 1 .

1 7. I nt hei l l u> a t i onsoft he œ a vi t y De f yers hoe phot on ph,e xhi bi tI,t he r ei ss hown a

Ve r s osho ckhe e lpl a t f o r m( LP)9om whi c ht her es i l i e ntca vi t i esde pe ndupwa r dl y.Pl a i n t i /sExhi bi tl
1 8. n e s t abi l i z at i on oft he i nt e n t ed upm rand l owe rm s i l i e ntc avi t i esi ss hown i nt he GDe f y
a dve r t i s i ng o ne xhi bi tJ& K pho t op a phs .

1 9. Di s ms e dwi t h i nt h er e s i l i e n ts l e e v ea r exs i l i e n t me a n

)a nds o c a l l e dç t t wi n ' ' s t a b i l i z e r

s pr i ngs ' ' a nd ç ç s ma r tm e mor ym a s t e rs pr i ng' 'oft he GDe f ys hoe. SeePl ai nt i / sExbi bi tG 20. De f e ndn nt s ,i nf r i ngesCl ai m 1 . ( cà

( c ) ap l l l ml i t yo fr e s i l i e n td i s po s e dwi t b i na na g ve g a t el e ng t ho ft or t ho p ms i n gp a i ro fs a i d
uppe ra nd l o we rca vi t i es ,s a i dr e s i l i e ntm e >nsc ompr i s i ng acyl i nd r i c alhl dy ofa s ol i dr es i l i e nt ma t e dal ,s a i d Cyl i nM c a lbody e xt e ndi ng downwa r dl yt br ough s a i dl owe rpl a t et o abot t omm os t s ur f a ceofa n out e rs ol eofY d s hoe,s a i dr e s i l i e ntm e >nsea c h havi ng a gr e a t ers pr i ng r a t eand s pr i ng co ns t an tt ha nt ha tofs a i dr e s i l i e nts l ee ve.

21 . Cl a i m1 , t pa r t c1 )c a l l sf o rpl u r a l i t yof r e s i l i e n t me a ns( RM )wi t h i na na g mg a t el e n g t ho f
e ac ho ppos i ng pai rofuppe rand l owe rca vi t i e s . n es er es i l i e ntm e a nsa r ec yl i ndr i ca lM di e sofa s ol i d

r e s i l i e n tma t e r i a l . n eGDe f y e rs h o ep ho t o np h, e xh i b i tK s h o wst h eu p m rp l a t e( W )a n d t h el o we rp l a t e( LP ) .Th e r e f r o m ma yb es e e nd e m nd i n gdg i dc y l i n d dc a l bo d i e s( RM )f o nn e do fa
s ol i d butr es i l i e ntma t e r i al .n e bo di e sa r e di s pos ed wi t hi nt her es i l i en tca vi t i esors l e evesass hown i n t hephot opaph.Re s i l i e ntc yl i ndr i c albodi esco nt a c te ac h ot heri nt hec our s e ofnor ma lom r a t i on oft he s hoe, asi ss hown i n GDe f yera dve r t i s i ng s c he ma t i cm a r ked GDe f y ers por tf oot we ar .

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22. n eCyl i ndr i c albody, asae vedef me d,ex t e ndsdownwa r dl yt oa nd t hr ough t he l owe rpl a t et o abot t ommos ts ur f a c e ofa n out ers ol eoft hes pr i ng s hoeœss hown i nt heGDef ye ra dver t i s i ng s c he ma t i c. Ass hown i n Gœ f y erVe r s oshoc ka dve r t i s eme ntma t e r i a l s ,t he r e s i l i e ntc yl i ndr i c albodi es

( RM)e x t e n dd o wn we ya n dY c o meap a r t o ft h el o we rh o r i z o n t a l s u p p o r t p l a t e( LHS P)i nt h e
nor ma lf u nc t i on t he r e of .Onl y by s uc has t r uc t u r ei st hem a xi mum s hock a bs om t i on a nd s oc al l ed

N ne r gy r e c i pr xa t i ng m we r ' ' oft heGDe f ye rs hoepos s i bl e . Se ePl ai nt i F sExhi bi tI
23. n e GDe f ye rs pr i ng s hoesc oul d notf l mc t i on i ft her es i l i e ntm e answi t hi nt hehe elwer enot mec ha ni ca l l yi nt e- t e di nt ot he l owe rhol i zont a ls uppor tpl a t e, t e r me di nt heO vi t y De f ye rl i t e mt u r e mst heVe r s oshoc k hee lpl a t f or m . Pl a i nt i / sExhi bi tI 24. De f e ndnn t s ,i nf r i nge sCl n i m 2.t he n t hl e t i cs hoeasr ec i t e di n cl si m 1f u r t he rco m pr i s i nga

me t a l l i cs pi r als pr i ng di s pos ed c i r cumf e r en t i a l l y ahmts ai ds ol i dc yl i ndr i ca lbody .
Se ePl n i nt i /sExhi bi tL De f e ndn nt si nf r i ngesCl s i m 4n ea t b l e t i cs hoe a sr e ci t ed i nc hi m 3,i n whi c hs a i dc yl i nddc a l body i ncl ude sahol l ow n nn ul a rc r os s s e di on. Se ePl a i nt i l sExhi bi tH

PATENT I NFRI NG EG NT CO UNTS

2 6. Di x o ni st h eo wn e ro fa I lr i g h t , t i t l e , a n di n t e r e s ' ti nt h eU. S. Pa t e n t No. 6 , 5 4 6 , 6 4 8C6 48 ' ' ) .
De f e ndn nt shavepr ost e dt hr o ug hi nf r i ngeme ntofDi xon' sPa t e ntl e t t er s .Asa r e s ul tof De f e nda nt s ' l ml a wf uli nm nge men tofDi xon' sPa t e n t Di xon hm ss e e r ed a nd V B c ont i nuet o

s uFe rda ma ge. Di xon i se nt i t l e dt or ec ove rf r om Def e ndn nt st hednma gess uFe r ed by Di xon a sar es ul t ofDe f enda nt s ' unl a wf ulac t s .

28. Oni nf or ma t i on a ndY l i e t lDe f e ndn nt s ' i nf r i nge me ntofDi xon' sPa t e nti swi l l f ula nd
de l i be r a t e ,e nt i t l i ng Di xon t oe nhanc e d dsmag es .

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29. On i nf o r ma t i on a nd bdi e f , De f e nda nt si n t e nd t oc ont i nuet he i runl a wf uli nf r i ngi ng a c t i vi t y ,
a nd Di xo nc on t i nuest oa nd wi l lcont i nuet os ufe ri r r e po bl e bs r m- f orwhi c ht he r ei sno a de qua t e

r e me d ya tl a w- *o ms u c hu n l a wf u l i n f r i n g i n ga c t i vi t yu nl e s sDe f e n d a n t sa r ee n j o i n e db yt h i sCo u r t .
COI J NT 1 I NFRI NGEG NT OF U. S.PATENT NO.6. 546. 648

30. Di xon r e a l l e gesa nd i nc or m mt e sby r e f e r e nc et he a l l e ga t i onss e tf or t hi n pa r ap a ph 1 32.
31 . Di xon i st heowne rofa1 1r i ght ,t i t l e ,a nd i n t e r e s ti nt he U .S. Pa t e n tC $ 6 4 8 ' ' ) , e n i t l e ds C C ATHLETI C SHOE W I TH STABI LI ZED DI SCRETE RESI LI EN T ELEW N TS I NI I EEL' 'dul ya nd

pr om r l yi s s ue d by t heU. S.Pa t e nta nd Tr a demar k Om ceonApr i l1 5, 2 0 03 .A c o p yo ft h eC6 48 ' ' )
pa t e nti sa f t n c he d asPl ai nt i / sExhi bi tA. 32. De f e nda nt sha vebe en a nd/ orar ed i r ec t l yi nf r i ngi ng and/ ori nduci ng i nf r i nge mentofand/ or

c o n ub u t o r i l yi n f r i ng i n gt h e( : 1 6 4 8 5 5 )p a t e n t b y , a mo ngo t h e rt %i n g s , ms ki n g , u s i n g , o le r i n gt os e l lo r
s el l i ngi nt heUni t H s t a t es , ori mm r t i ng i nt ot heUni t e d St a t e s oduc t sa nd/ ors e r v i c est hata r e , pr

c o v e r e db ya tl e mK tc l n i m 1( a ) @) ( c )a n dc l s i ms2a n d4o ft h eC6 48 ' ' )p a t e n t , i n c l u di n g , b ywa yo f
e xa m pl ean d notl i mi t at i onaœss hown GDe f y erVe r s oshoc k adve r t i s eme ntma t e r i a l s .
DEM AND FOR JURY TRI AL

3 3 . Pu r s l mn t t oRu l e3 8 1)o f t h eFe d e r a l Rul e so fCi v i l Pr o c e d u m Di x o nr e s p e df u l l yr e q u e s t sa

t r i a l b yj u r yo fa 1 1 i s s u e sp r o pe r l yZ a b l eb yj u r y . Pl a i n t i /Di x o nd e ma n dsat r i a l b yj u r ya st oa 1 1 i s s u e ss ot r i a b l e .
Pl a i nt i Fi nc or mr a t e sby r e f e r enc eat t a c he d exhi bi t sw1 t 1 1t hes a me f o r c eand e Fe ctass df o r t h he r ei n.

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PR AYER FOR RELI EF
WI G REFORE, Dl xon pra ysf @ra l i efasf ol l ows :

A. F o r j u dn e n t d e c l n r i n gt ha tDe f e n da n t sh a v ei n f r i n ge dDi x o n ' sU. S. Pa t e n t ; B. Fo r j u d oe n t a wa r d i n gDi x o nc o mm ns a t o r yd a ma g e sa sar e s t l l t o fDe f e n d n n t s ' i n f r i n g e me n t
ofDi xo n' sPa t e nt t oget he rw1 t 1 1i nt e r e s ta nd c os t s nd i nno e ve ntl es st hl m ar e%ona bl er oya l t y; ,a

C. Fo raj u d oe n t d e c l s r i n gt h a tDe f e n d n n t s ' i n f r i ng e me n t o fDi x o n' sPa t e n t h m s% e nwi l l f u l a n d
del i er a t e;

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U. S.P l t .No.5 , 5 44 , 4 3 1( 1 9 9 6 )o n t i t l o dSb c e ' 'g j o i n i n gr e s mc t i v ev e r t i c a lp a i r so f%i da p o r t u r e . so fs a i d Sh œ wi t hAt j u s t a b l eI n s e r t a n da boœmp r i Ksa ni mp r o v e - uppe rn nc l l o wo rp ht ur e r mect i vdy .Yo tf u z t berpr ovi de a r e me n tt wert h ei nve nt i o nofU. S. Pa 1 . No . 5 , 3 4 3 , 6 39 ( 1 9 9 4 ) s o l i d ms i l i e n tme a n md i s l x - d wi t h i ne a c ho fs a i ds l e e v o s t o Ki l g o r e , e ta l ,e n t i t l e dS h o ewi t hI mpr o v e dMi e l ea n d1 5s a i dr e s i l i en tmemsea c h ha v i ng agr ea t e re r i ng coa s t a n t , o v e r U. S.Pa t .No . 6 ! ( e, 4 4 9( 1 *9 )t o Or l o ws z,e ta l d a t x ls pr i ngr a t ot b ant ba to fsa i dr es i l i en ts l o wos i , wh o mb y
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BACKGROUND OF THE PBG NX ON c h a ml xrs ' u b s t a n t i a l l ywi l h i n a1 1 =ll r t i o no fami el e 5l her e e of ,s a i dc ha m erha v i nga t mos pl xnccomml mi c a donat 1 .Ar eaofI nve nt i on e r a ls k l o st Mr e mf nei n s t a n ti o ve n t i on r e ht e , st oa t h l e t i cs b ' œ, . ' l ' i mi mp r o v e me n tmo r ep a r t i c q l l l r l y s ha vi ng ht r e s i l î e nts pr i n g m or s pr i n ge qui va l e nt s o mp r i s e s( ami d xl ec b a mYr h a v i n ga nu p p e rs u b s l a n t i a l l y t bi nt l x he e e 1 c y wi t h e r e of . r i g i dh o r i z o n t a l p l a t ewi t ha t1 0 a s t f o t t ra mr t u r o st lr e i n la l owersa b st a nt i a l l yr i gi d hor i zo n t a l ml ppor tpht c wi t ha 2.Pr i orArt c œr ms p ol x l i a gp l u r a Et yo fa tl e a s tf o ura mr t ur e st l xr e i u n ei Yt a nti n v o n l i o nc o mp r i r & ( li mp r o v e me n t ofmy 1 AL Y pmv i d c da r ei o x i b l er e s i l i o n t u ni t a r ys l o t v e si n t e g r a l l y .

h e* l eo ft h es l x xp r o v i d e st r a di o na r x l c u s h i on t o pr o vi do a na t hl ot i cs hœ a d a pt e dt or o l i o v es b oc kI o a ds ,t i n g. I nt heœ n t e xlo fa na t b l e t i cs hoe x p e r i e n œdb yd 1 0we a r e ra r dt oma x i mi z et h es ' p r i n ge fe c t ,va r i o u sa t t emp t sh a ve e ft l xb e e lt b e r e o f . be t n ma dei nt h epr i orar tl o lc or mr a t eas p r i ag, as pr i ng o mo d l l l c , o rs p r i n ge q u i v a l o n t1 n t 0o i t ero rb o t :t i xl xd or I ti sa n o t h e ro b j e c tt opr o v i d ea ni mpr o v e da î h l e t i cs b o e f o r c f o o t t b c r e o f . Ho wc v c r u s i n gs p r i n ge l o me n lo rs p r i n go l o mo n te mu i v a l o n t sh a v i n g ,s p r i n gb n =z l a t h l e t i cs b o e so f t l x 2 i mpr o v e ds t a b i l i t yr e l ov ot os h o ec o mm n e n t pa u we r eme l ynov el t yp r t xl uc l sI UWI Va nl mpr ed i cl abl e 5 bd sa b ove a r x l p ht f o r mt h a two u l d xa c tun p r e d i c t a b l yt o va r i o u sf o r c e ow s uc h t l eme nt s. , s p r o v i d o d , t 1 1 +i nd i md r c l a t i o nt o% i mp a c t a pp l i e db yt h e I t i saf t t r t b e ro b j e c w t o ft b ei n v e nt i o nt op mvi d ea na t l z l e t i c h e e lo ft b of o o tt ot b es p l i n ps p r i n g mo d u l eo rs pr i n g s h x p a r t i c u l a r l ya d a p t e df o ru s ei nb a s k m t ba l la n do t l wr e qui val en t . Acc or di ngl y, apn l l mp i n gS mr t s . ' r na r yp r o bl em i nt l xi n œr po- j 0 nea bo v oa n dy e tot h e rej o c t sa n da d v a r a t i o : lofs pr i np i n t ot e b e olo fzs hx ha sbe fn t h a tof 3 nwg e soft be c on t r ol l a bi l i t yt he r *f . p mxn t i n v e n t i o nwi l l be m mea p p a mn tf r o mt l l eh e r e i n a f t e r U. S.P at .No.5 , 7 , 82.3 s e t f or t b Br i ef Dc scr i pt i o n of t Ne Dr a wi ngs & D h et w i l e , d 2 5 d i s c 1 c o a s p o r t s h o e l z a vi n j , E ox r i pt i on oft be I n vent i o n s p r i n gdu ' s p os e di nt i l eK1 eoft bes be i nwhi c ht hes pnng . a nd Cl ai f ns a p p en de her e . t h . o p e r a t e st èp r o vi &b i a st ot * ef o o ti n ar a 'z l Ns i t i o na n d 35 wi c l mh i o n i n go ft h es b o ea q a i n s t s h f xkf r o mt b om u n d . nc BRI EF DF . S CRI M ON OF Tl l E DRA WI NGS s p r i n gomp l o yedt b e r e i nl sat or si ons p r i n gp os i t i o nala l ong FI s am r e wo s tG.1 i s mc t i v e br ea ka wa ys c l l o ma t i c vi fa t b el o a gi t u di nala x' 1 F .di s l xe mdbo n e y n nt a lt ot be gr oandand fr eal ' a tof t i l ei n ven t i o ns b o wi ng t b ei n v e nt i ve us i n gt hes pr i n gœn s t a n tt or e e s i stX x i ngo ft hep r i n g. ' l l x mi ds ol e cba ml xroft be at bl et i csh oe, s a b ov er ef e r en c td U.S. pat ho wi ng t l l e us eof e n tt o Ki l go r e pr ovi d e sa n4 pr i ngel o mt ml s . i mpr o ved mi d sol e an d he ' e l ut i l l y m a gr ou p of hol l ow 0 s F I G. 2 i s a b o r i an t a l t ' r o i s s e c t i o n a lv i e wt a k e nt h r o ug b c y l i n d r i c a l œl u mm swi t h i nt heh e e l p o r t i o nud,t mr dn, t l l e Li no2- 2ofPI G.1 . u s eo fe i l be r ga sb l a dde r s ofa mi œoce l l ul a rt f oa m -l le RG.3 k s ave r t i c . a lcM sxdi o na lvi o wt a ken t h r o ug b ma t e l i a l t b e r e i nl opr o v i d ead e s i r e dd e pe eo f s r i f f n e r x st ot he I nc3- 3 ofFI G. 1. r m s mc t i v e xl u mnsr e s p oa s i vct oi mpa ut be r e upon . Gi ven 4 s i t he e s s cn t i al l yp a s s i ve na t u r e of t l xa i rb l a ddtrormi cr o F I G.4 i sab r e a k a wa y Kl xma t i cv i o wo f a xc o n d montof1 1 x1 f 1 s t = .i nvo nt i on, u c e l l ul ar su p por t e dc , 01 * % ofs a i dspt em,t h oondr e s ul ti s embodi s i n g as ol i dr es i l i ent l eme n ti nl i e u ofs p r i n ge l emenl. as b o eba v i n gi mp r ov o d ml ei o ni ng but owe ver ,l ac ki n g e ,h t h er t q uk s i t eœg ' r eo of xs i l i mn ts pi n ga ct i on f orms ei n FI G.5i savor t i ca lc r oa s se ct i ona lvi e wt a kona l on g1. 1 ' ne ce r t ai ns por l ss uc ha sba s ke l ba l l 5 - 5ofFI G.4. l nmysa . x i dU . S.Pat .No. 5 F I G. 6i sah o r i z o nt a lc r o r x s r edi o n a l v i e wt a k c nt h r o u g h , 5 4 4 , 4 3 1( 1 9 9 6 )k sd e s c r i /da l x 6-6ofFI G. 4 s b o c ka b xr b i ea d j u s t a b l ei n q e r t f o r m% wi 1 bi nt b eYc l o f Li . t h e rl ewl l i c h œ mp r i rs as p r i u g mo d u l es y s t o mh a vi n g F I GS.7 a n d #a mr o s mc t i v ov o r l i c a la n Hh o r i an t a l p a r t i c a y l & rva l u ei no e r t a i nz c t i v i l i e smz c ba sba A k et ba l la nd cr o w- t i o na lvi ews of& v ar i at i on oft h ee mbo d i me nt of GS.4 t o 6i n wh i c : al l o l l o wr e s i l i e ntel ementi ss ubs t i o t b e r j u mp i n gs po r t s . ne r m i n, f l xs p dn ga c t i o no mr a t e sa s5 5 FI as b o c ka l wa f l xrf o rt b ef œ ta n dp r o vi d e sa na c œl ç r a t i n g t ut e e df o raso l i dr es i l i :ntde me nt . s pr i n ga di o nf ol l owi ngt beœ mpmo i onwhi cbpxc t de , F I G.9 i sab r e a k a wa y Kb e ma t i cv i o w o fa f ur t h e r j u mp lg mo l i o no fa na t b l o t o z n y e . ' l l xi -t an ti n v e n t i ons ma y ml wl i me nt o ft b ei nvent i ow g e ne r al l ys i mi l ar t ot l m I à e r e b y , I xv i o wu dm sa ni n t o g r a t i o no ft h os p r i n ga n ds p r i n g , m mha di me ntofFI GS. 4 t o6 i n wbi choa c b oft he ms i l i ont pl at f or ms uppor tf ea mr e sofm' ysa i dU . S. Pa l . No. 5, 544,4 i nt o r nalnz t èe re l eme n t st h or e ofo xt en d st br o u gb t l z el owe r à 1 6 0 wi t bt l w ur e ofcompç -i bk ver t i calm l umnsa si st a ugbtby pl at f or m andt ot l x ext e r nalout er s ol eoft b es h- . s a i d Ki l g or e. Addi t i on a l l y l x i as t a nti nve nt i on r e fedsa .l FI G. 1 6i sama rb r e ak a wa y vi e w oft b ee mb r vl i mç n to f r e c o g n i t i ont b a t ,g i v e nt h ee x i s t e n œo fc o n t e z n mr a r yh + ' H G.9. i mp a c t ,Ni gh r e s i l i e s lN l y me r i cma t o r i m ac o -i d e r mc FI G.1 . 1i s & br e o k nwa ye e ma t i c vi o w of a f u r t h e r r a n g eofs pr i ngt qui va l o nc œ ' r a xwb i c b, i nt c nnsofl ml i l5 5 eml xdi menli n wh i c br ai l i on!e l e ment sa r e' t q e . a wi t h i n s pr i ngco ast a ntands pr i ngr a t e, c anbe ha vei naœ mpar a bl q s pr i n ge l e me n t si nt e r u a l l yt ot l xr e s t ' t i m nt vet t i ca l xht mnsof y e t mo r ec o neo l l a b l :f p K h l o nt h a nc l ai c a ls p r i n g s . t hes ys t em .

ap r i ma r ypu r p o %t vr o o fi st op r o t e ut b ef o o tf z o mi n j u r y2 0 I t k sA c c o r d i n g l yap r i m- o b j e c t o ft b op r e s e n li n v e n t i on Fur t b er .

r e c t i o n a l i t yo fs a i d pr i n gr a t ei sc x mt r o l l M b ys a i d s l e e v e s .Me a n sa r e pmv i d e df o rs e c ur i n gs a i dh o r i mn t a l c h a mbe rb e t we ,nu p m ra n dl o we rxl e so ft h es % .

13-cv-80949-Ryskamp/Hopkins

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4 HG. 12i sav er t i ca lcr os sxct i oua l vi g wl a kona l o ngLi no l i o n1 0 ,t b a t 1,t l ) eh e d of t h ef œ to fau xr 1 2 -1 2ofF I G. 1 1 . l nt h e . e ml xdi mm n t o f HG .3 A. u r a n d l o we r s l r e e vr . l r s1 2 2a l x l FI G.1 3k sabor i z ont a lc ' r o%s e ct i on a lv i m wt a k e na l on g ar e mor edel i nea t ed i nt l z at ai nt bi sçml xxl i meat I J n e1 3 -1 3ofF I G. 1 ,s a i d 1 . s l e e ve . sa r ef or me d ofama t e r i a lwb i ch L smor er i g i dt ha t h a t o fs p r i n g2 # n DE TAI LED DESCRHVI ON OF ' I ME . Ac cor ai n gl y ,ag a p1 32 mu s tI x pr ov i de d I NVENTI ON b e t we e ns ai dupm r a ndl owe r s l e z e ve , st opor mi t co mp r o s s i o n ofs p r i c2 8 wi t l ! i nt b ev e r t i c a lc a v i t i e s2 B Wi t br e f e r e n c et ot b emr s p e c t i v ebr e A k a wa yvi e w of HG . 1 :t h ei av e nt i ve a t bl et i cs bx ma yl xr e . I nt E ee me i me n to f FI G. 4, r e s i l i e n t means a a r e en t oi ncl u de a n u p mr mr t i o nt êf o r mi n g ac o v o d n gf o ri - r t i o no faf o o t e x p r e - da sc y En œr so fn z b b e r Q 9 Ao rah a r db u tr e s i l i e n t 1 0 m l m er A I X Ia l o wc rp o r t i o n .t y pi c a l l yr e f e r r o dt oa sas o l c1 2 l a vi n g zr o &i l i enc yc o mp a r a b l et ot ba tofas p r i n g .l , s t c u r o dt os a i du p l mrp o r t i o nf o rs a p mr t o f1 1 1 :ba oft l x ofHGS 1 -3.Fur t h c r thmsbe c nf ound t h a tmz chGr u bbe r ,i f o ot . %1 01 2œmpr i s e sa uup mrKl eM ,&mi p r i n m' ' i nc o mb i n a t i o nwi t bu p mr a n dl o we r p ht e s1 :a : x l ds o k 38. a nd s al o we rs o l ç36 .ac u r ç me n to fu p m rm r y i o n1 :l ou p p e r 2 4r e s p e di v m l yœ o r dG x c e l l t n ts l a b i l i t yt ot h cf œ kpa r t i c x us o l tM o c c l l ma l o n ga ni n t e r f a c e1 4. Be l a r l ywh e nu r w , dwi t bc a v i t y d e f l n i n gs l e e v o sr 5 l o w IL Si n t e da c r ï . n et e r m a a d wi t hi nt * emi d xl e 3: i sf o r mt sK r l z b be rs p dn g' '9 d o f t n e da sa n yo l o me n tba v i n g as p r i c g , d as uet ant i a l l yb o r i -1 z o n t a lc ha mlr 1 6h a vi n ga t mœp h e r i cc ommu n i c a t i o na t c o n s t a n t a n ds p l i n gr a t eg r e a t e rt b a nt b a t o fc a v i t yde l i n i n g t b el a t e r a l s i d e st h e r e o f . Ah o r i an t a lc h a mVro ft h 1t y m s ko v e s2 7o r2 2 5 .1 1k st h e r e b yt ob ea p p r e c i a e t b â t s a i d bowe ver , s soneba v i n g agr e a t er r a t i oofb ei gbt t o-l l me vo s225wd t btc a vi t i e sQI N1f or mo dt he r e byt b uss e f ve ,i e ngt hL s t a u g b t i r l mya l x wej ' e f o r e n f xdU. oK : l t mk' ' t b es pr i n gmeaa s S.P a t . No. 5, 5 4 4. 4 31 l et hert l myœ mpc i x mt t a l l i c b . Sa i d l a wl o l i z o n t a l c h a mar1 $ , o x h i b i t sar a t i oo f l o n gi t u d i n a l l e n gk h s p r i n po rR mb b o rs pi n p s' e i np l a c er e l a f i vet ou p p o ra ml t o e r t i c a lh e i g bt o fa p pmx i ma l e l y4 t o1 o we r p l a t e s1 #a n d2 4. l tb a smo r ep a r t i œl a r l yt ee nf o u n d d iv . n o r e i ni s l s ms e dR t lu p m rs u b s t a û t i z l l yr i gi db o r i z o n t a ls u p mr t t b a t t eu s eo fs a i dr i g i du p N ra n dl o we rs u p mr t p l a t o s1 * pl a t e1 8ha vi ngt her ei napl ur a l i l yo ft r a ns v o- d own war d l y l 1 x l2 4p r e c l u d os i d q y okœ mo v e me n to ft b ei n t e ma l di r c ct c d ca v i t i u 20. Sai d ca vi t i e sa r cd efn o d by ac o r r c- r e s i l i e n t e l e me n l wi t h o u t i n t e r f e hn gwi t ht b er n t m b i o n i n go f s mn d i n gp l u r a l i t yo fu p m rr e s i l i e n t s l e e v e s& . SeeH G. 5 kme r xl c3 4 , mi d ml oM ,l o we rs ol c3$.a n db e ' elpo r do n12 8.2 bes boe . I ti l ot be r e b y be enf oun dt ha tt bet k x ofpl at e s F u r t h o rpr ovi de di sal owe rs u l wt a nt i a l l yr i gi dbodz ont a l oft 1 8u d2 4a c ' t t ob a l a n -. t h eu p mr s b xr m ht i v et o1 h el o we r p bt e2 4b a v i n gap l u r a l i t yoft r a l x s v e r xu p wa r d l yd i r e c e c a vi t i e . s26 t her e i n ,wl z i ch a r ede f l ne b yr e s pe ct we l owe r s b xi n mu c bt h cf m s Ko nt h a tt h eb Y yo fa na u t o mo b i l ei s r m si l i en ts1 e evm s27.W b a n o e dul mni t sw> la v mbl yt i z r o u ght h ef u n ct i o nofa e a ' esa i du ppe ra n dl o we rs l ee vo 23 bal & n d2 7r o s w di v o l ya r omo r eE e x i b kt b a nr e s i en l me x ve hi c l ec haR q i Rs us w ns i on. 1 1h œ sa I S Ob e e nf o u Y t h a tt h e a z l s 2* l b a ta r cdi poe wi l hi na na g gr ega t eo fupmra nd l ower wol ' gEtofoa cbpl a t oca nl xa s1 ow a son =o unœ e a chmz cb c a v i t ks 2 0a n d2 6.Sa i du p mr a n dl o we rs l ev e s ma y f l h a qi nc o mb i n z t i o n w1 0 1t h er oi l i oa te l e mt u t s sl i t t l ea s ya au met h of o r m of as i ng l ec o n t i n u o u ss l e e e v t2 5t si ss b o wn ouro unœ si sa dd e dt oa na t hl el i cs bœ f o r med i na cc o r = wi t bt b e pr -n ti nve nt i on. i nHGS. la3 a nd 5.Ho we v er , whe mt hema t e r i a lo fwhi c h da s a i ds l e e ve sar ef o r me di smo r oHpd 't ha nt ba t oft h es pr i ng 3 5 I t l ) a sa l s ob e e nf o v n dt b a tt l ) es pl i n gc t u s b i o n i n ge l e c t of mt a n sd k s ms t , d wi t h i ns a i dc a v i t i e , st b eu p pt ra n dl o we r t i l ep r e Rn t s y s t e mi n t ml . t m st M Kk o ft b of xt f r om s h oc k c a v i l yœf l ni ags l o ev tswi l lb odi s c r o e tf r o œo ae ot bo r ot bcr wi s et r a mi t t r , dt bmugb t hc> l e œ ml xœ ms3 4, M s ,m i ss l mwni nt l xe mb s o d i me n to fF I G. 3 & f u l t h e rd -r i l xd a z x j3 :o ft h es b t xi t s e l f ct i ng i n muc bt he f n q hî on o fa a a I xl o w. h o c k a b s o r l xri nav e b i c l e . Rou 4 0s l t i n gl y ,wh e n wa l k i n go r ' l ti st ob ou n d t l s t o o dt h a ti nap r e f e r md e mhx l i me nt wi t ba +oeo ft b ep r m s e n tl yp e ,e n e r r i mpa c t i n g v o r t i c a ls l e e v e s2 2 / 2 7w1 1 1b emo l d e di n t e pa l l ywi t bu p p c y um n t hel o werK l e36f r om t hepa ve men t w1 1 1l xt r an smi t r z ï xll o werr i g i dho r i z ont als upp or t s1 6a ndM r e vc t i v: l y t ed u pwar d l yt hr o ugh s pr i n g mea m s 18 o rr # t h e r e b y s u c l zt h a tt l xj oi n d e ro ft i ws l e e v e s2 2a n d2 7t i l e r e o f* 1 , pr ovi di ngs ni n c r e mmn t a l upl i f t t oone' swa l ki n g,m ani ngor oc cu ra f t o rr oi l i en tmea ns28 ha sbt endr op m di nt oa mr o t h e rm i vi t y .1 1hasl xo nf u rt b erf o un d *ati mp ac tup o n t u r e s31wi t h i nu pm rr i g i dh or i m nt a l s up 4 , ypa ! t soft l xl xx j yi n c l us i v oof t b of oot mr tp l a t e1 6pr i or man pk n e o, b i m A I KI t oa d Y i on oro t b ers e ct ut mentofs o l e1 2t o up pors l l l x s pi xa r edi mi ni s he dt hr ou gbl hesh o ck a bK r bi nge l f e cto f po r t i on 1 : or ac o nve v l y hei n t e r na lml i ngorr ub be rc y l i n dera a mbl y. f t e rs a i d me a > i uv eI xe n t . a dr op md i n t oa p er t u r e w s3 2 wi t bi nl owe rr i gi d pl a t e2 4 I tba s bo en a ddi t i onal l y de t mr mi no dt ba tt b el mr i mn t a l ne r e a f l e r , s u c ha mr t u r e smu s t I x Ra l e di t i s h e r e by .s hambe r 16 cea l o d by t he hor i zon t a lpl at es 1 8 aM 24 !t ol > e oc .t a p me c i a t e dt h a ta nyo fan u maro fp r eu mz o nî e c 1 1 1 1 1 q t l m s alor d samos ta et bet i ca p Nar i ng Mhl et i cs< . ma yb ee mp l o yo di n or d ort o Rmt r e xs i l i entwi t h i ni t s I n t b e c r or x s xct i o na l vi ews t a ko n al o ng Li nes5- 5 a f f l xl r e s - t i v exs i l i o n t s l e e v e2 2 47 .I tL si t o we v e ra n t i c i p a t e d ofb 4G.4 ma yl xa ppr e c i a t e . dt b eg e omet r yl xt wt a t b a ti nmos tpr e uct i onsc ena l i ow l ' nK er t i ono fsa i d*r o u gh t he Rsj xdi ve p l at esaf l e rt be r u bbe rcy l i nder s2 % bw t l xl o we rp ht e2 4wi l ll x :mo r cp r a di c a l s t r a t e gy be en i r k se r ed. e . l nt lb or i z onulGo s s s s r e c t i o na l v i e wo fF I G. 2i ss b o wn l nFI GS. 7a n d8a r es h o wnav a z i a t i o no fl h ee ml md i me a t l o wc rs u v r tp l a t o24 n t e g r a t o dr c s i l i c n t ke e v e sr a n d ofH GS.4 t .i o6i nwhi cb t bo r ' a di z lc r ow s e ui o no foa & 2 7 , a l x l r e s i l i t n l mc a t k sM l xa t r e dwi t b i nc a vi t i e s2 0 .I nt hc nl b b e ro rp o l me r i cc y l ee r2 2 #c kf i l xs& h o l l o ws l e xv e t r a n s v e r vv e r t i c a l c ' ms s s e c t i o n a lv î e wo f HG. 3a r es h o wn ha vi n g a n Annul ar geomdr y wi t hi n ea cb s l oe ve 225. u p m rw t x j l o wo rs u pp o r t p ht e s1 *a n d2 4r e s p e c t i v e l y i d6 0n e ey .t h ef u n di o no ff b ec ' y l i n d e ra s as pr i n gi smo r e , sa c a v i t i e s2 0. an d t l x t r ans ve r s eh or i z nnt alc b mhor 1K cl eul ympl i ca t e d, t h i s s u b j e ' c t t o a m' mc i e n t r a t l i a l a n 1 3 1 : 1 1 1 s , d e fn e e db ys a i d up pe ra nd l o we r pl at e , s1 8a nd M .n e a Y c h o i œo fma t e r i a l o f! l mc y l i n d e r2 2 # ! .i n wh i c h i t s mi e l e3 6i n l ya 1 m ber n i nFI G. 3 . I nt ke mb Mi me nt s pr i n gc o ns t a ntal x ls pr t ng r at eox ce e dt hato fs l e ove225. ofFI GS.1-3,= ' x 1r es i l i entmoa f k s compr i s es a mdal l i c I nt l l eeml wvh ' ment o fFI GS. 9a nd1 :i ss h o wnzva r i a t i on s pr i n g. b ee ml v xl i mentofFI Gs. 4 t I tL st h er e b s oft hnl6 w:er ei nt be r e ar o yt ol xa pp mdat e dt ba t1 n .: 1 s2 8w1 1 1 compr e s s6 pr ù v i d e dr t z b t xrc y l i n d e r s3 2 *wh i c he x l v n dt l t r o u la mr r es mn si vet o do wnwar df o meso r i gi md ngf mm u ppç rm r t ur es3 2 0wi t b i nl owe r pl a l e324 hi s& sma yb emor ef uny .t
3

13-cv-80949-Ryskamp/Hopkins

US 6, 546, 648 82 6 s o o ni nt h çr e a rb r e a k a wa y vi : w of FI G. 1 0.I nt h 1 s ( c ) a p l u r a l i t y o f r e s i l i e n tme a n sd i s p o xd wi t h i na n e mt x x l i mt n t ,do n g a l en l b krc y l i n d e r3 2 *i mp a dd i r e c t l y a gpega t el e n gt h ofoa cb o p ms i ng pa i rofs a i du p per u p on t be s oor( x 'pa v eme ntbu tar es t i l ls t a bi l i y Ad b yt l x a nd l o we rc a vi t i e s. s a i dr e s i l i mntmea r k sc ompr i si n ga a c t i o no fup mra n dl o we rp l a t e s31 :a l xl 3 2 4r e s p e c t i ve l y cyl i n dr i ca l bc x l y of a so l i dr -i l i en t ma *r i a l , s ai d F u r t l xr ,nl b l xrs pr i n p s3 2 #a r e Ma b i l i y e . . dr e l at i vo t ot b e c y l i n d r i c alb ey e x t e n d l ' n gd o wn wa r d l yt b r o u g hs a i d u pm ra ndl owe rp l a *sb yv er t i c a ls l e me s325 . l owo rpl a t et oae t t ommos ts u r f a t x ora nout erF o1 mof Asma ybtn ot edi n HGS.11 -1 3 el i l ntc yl i r vVr s4 28 ,r s a i d s h o e , s a i dpr r e s i l i e n t me a n s e a c b h a v i n g ael a t e r maybcpl a ee . dwi t h i nme t a li cs p r i ng4 29a n dwi t h i ni nt e gr a l mr i n gr a t ma nds i n gc xmsl a n t t b a nt ba t ofsa 1 : 1xs l i ent s l e e ve s4 :5 . s l x ve. Wh i l ct h c r ehm sbe e ns h own a n dd- r i b edt bopr e f cr r r 0 2 . n ea t h l e t i cs b Yï sr e dt e di t l c l a l ' m 1f u r t %rc o mp r i s , d1 cmhxl i mo n toft boi n s t a nti nv c nt i on i t k st obea ppr c cht r n game ol l i cs p i r a l s ' p r i n gd i s ms o dc i r c u mf e r c nt i a l l ya t x mt , d i t h a t t h ei n v e n t i o nma yb ee mb c di e do t h e r wi %t h a ni sbe r e i n sa i dKl i dc yl i ndr i c a lbody . s mc i âc a l l ys b o wn a M d c xr i b e da n dt h a t 3 .An a xe t i cs l l t xb a v i n g as u b s t a a t i z l l yb o r i mn l a l l y , wi t h i ns a i d t mbc x l i mqn t , cer t e cbuge sma yb omx dti nt be l ambe e rs u et a nG l l y wi t l n ' n aboe lpor t i o n ofa mi d *l e .f or ma nd cl 5t b e mo f , s a i dc h a mbe rb a v i n ga t mo s p h e r i cc o mmu n i c a d ona t a r r a n g e mo n t o ft 1 1 6p a r t swi t h o u t d e p a r t i n gf r o mt h eu n d e r -1 l y i n gi d e a so r p r i n c i p l > oft h i si n v e n t i o na sRt f o r t hi nt b e ht t r a ls i d e st b e r o o ts a i dc h a mGrc q o mpr i s i n g: Cl a i mKa pp e a de dh tawi t b . ( a )a nu p mrs u Ya n t i zl yl i g i db o r i z on t a lwpmr t p ht e ; Ha v i n gt b u sd e wr i l xd myi n v e n t i o nwha t Ic l a i mm sn e w, ( b ) a l o we r ab s t a n t i a l l y r i gl d b o r i wmul s u p p o r t p l a t t t l vf ulandnone vi ousa nd, a c c or d i n gl y,s e c ur ebyl xt t o r s b a vi n gapl u r a l i t yofatl e as tf ou ra p er l ur r st h e r ei n; Pa t en toft b eUni *d Sl al e s1: K ( c )E e x i b l er e s i l i e n t u n i t a r y s l e e v e s i n t e g r a l l y j oi n i n g s a i d 1 .An at hl :t i cs h oe ha vi ng a s ub s l a nda l l y hor i mn t al a mr t ur esofs a i dl o werpl a t ot o op p os i ng ml r f a t xsof c b a ml xrs u t s t a n t i a l l y wi t b i n :%e lm r t i o no f& mi d -so l e %1 d upperpl at e ;an d t h e r e otm n l ' dc l um% r h a v i n g. t ma s l k l e r i cc o mmu n i c a f i o na t ( d ) r e s i l i c n t mc a n s e a c hc o l n pr i s i n gac y l i n a n ' c a l b o d yo f ht c r a l s i d m st b e r c o tt b oc h a mb o rc o r n p r i s i n g : s ar ui l i ea t ml t er i a loxt en d i ngf r om s a i dh p m rpl a t ta nd ( a )a na p p e rs u b s t a n t i a l l yr i gi db o n ' y nn t a ls u p mr tp l a ?z d own wa r dl yl br nugbsa i dl o we rpl a t et o abot t o mmos t h a v i n g ap l u r a l i t yo ft r a n s v e r s ed o wn wa r d l y dmc t e d s ' u da œ o f a n o ut o r s o l e o f s b o m , s ai d r es i l i e n t me a n s r es i l i tnt ca vi t i e st be r e i n ,e a cb ofni dc a vi t i osdes n ed e a cb ba v i ng as pr i n g O ns t an ta r v ls pr i ngra t e gr e a t e r b ya nu p pt rr ui l i o n ts l ee ve ; t ban t b a tofsa i ds l cv o s. ( b )al o we rs u b s l a n t i a l l yr i g i dl mr i z o n t a ls u p p o r tp l a t e3 0 4. n ea t hl tl i cs bo oasr edt e di nc l a. ' m 3.i nwb i cl ls a i d h a v i c g ac or r e s p ond i n gpl ur a l i t yofu pwa r dl yd i mct rd cy l i n d r i c albo dyi ncl udesa h o l l o wa n n uhrc mu-s cc t i on. ms i l i t n tc a v i t i e st h t r e i n , t a c ho fs a i dc a vi t i e sd e f me , d 5 .' l xea t b l e t i cs b œ a sr o c i t e di nc l a i m3 f ur t he rc omb yal owrr r e s i l i e n ts l o ev ei nwhi c heac bopp t wi ngpa i r i si ng amot a l l i cs pr i ng d i vs V 'd o ut wa r dl y,ofs ai dcy l i n o fsa i dv e r t i ca lca vi t i osœmp r i s e sr e v ct i vem r t i o ns pr i ca l hx l y an di n wa r dl yo f%i dun i t a r ys l e e v e s. ofas i ug k dr cu mf e xnt i a lr ee e nts l e e v ede fni ng a n dr i n t e gr a t i o no fs a i du ppe r.n dl o we rs l e eve a;a n d 5

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Gr a v i t y De Wers h oe ,al s ok n o wn a st h e GDe f ys h o e ncl udes as i ss hown i nt he above vi ew f a , i s ubs t ant i al l y hor i z ont alchamber subs t ant i al l y wi t hi n a heel por t i o n of a mi ds ol et her eof .' ' The chamberpr ovi des f orat mospher i cc ommuni c at i on at I at er als i des t h er eof . Thi si s des cr i bed i nt he abovevi ew ast heAVSOnew ayVen tandAi rChannel swhi chappeart ot he I ef tand t h er i ghtoft he heel p or t i on .F u n di ono ft h e s ev en t sa n dc h an n el si sa l s ode s c r i b e dW GDe f ya ,f o l l ows :
,

' ' ai ri sdr a wnf r om t he s hoe ' si n& er i orand e xpel l ed cool i ngt hef ootand r educi ng mi cr obi al gr owt h ''
.

13-cv-80949-Ryskamp/Hopkins

cl ai m 1,l par tal

d a pl ur al i t y of t r anw er s e ownwar dl ydi r eded r es i l i entca vi t i est her ei n,eachofs ai dcavi t i esdef i ned by anupperr es i l i en ts l eeve
;

( a ) a nu pp e rs u bs t a n t i a l l yr i gi db or i z on t a ls up p or t pl a t eb a v i n g

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Cl a i m1 ,( P a r t a ) . ( UR C )t h er e i n,e a c ho ft h ec à v i t i e sd e f i n ed b ya nu p p err e s i l i e n ts l e p h o t o goph above,t e v e( UR S) .T h i si ss h o wn b yt h e he r e si l i entcavi t i es mar k ed URC and depe
vi ew oft heVer s oshoc ksh oewhi chf ol l ows .

An uppersubs t ant i al l yr i gi ds uppor tpl at ei nc l udesa pl ur al i t y ofdownwar dl y di r ect ed r es i l i en tc avi t i es nd f r om an upperr i gi ds uppor t pl at e

mar k ed( UP ) .T ha ti s ,t h ec a v i t i e sd e snet h eup p err e s i l i en ts l e e v e s( UR S)a l s o shown i nt he expl oded

13-cv-80949-Ryskamp/Hopkins

Ual m 1.( Par tb)

( b ) aI owers ub s t a n t i al l yr i gi dh or i z on t als u pp or tpl a t eh a vi n g ac o r r e s p on di ng pl ur al i t y of upwar dl y di r ect ed r esi l i entca vi t i esl her ei n, eac h ofs ai d cavi t i esdef i ned by a l owerr es i l i ents l eeve i n whi ch each oppos i ng pai r of s ai d ver t i tal ca vl t l es c ompr i s es r e s pect i ve por t i ons of a s i ngl e c i r cumf er ent i alr es i l i entsl eevede ini ng an i nt e gr at i on ofsai d upperandl owersl eeves ;and

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13-cv-80949-Ryskamp/Hopkins

cl ai m 1.( Par tt11
s ai d upperand l owercavi t i es ai dr es l l i en tmeanscompr i s i ngacy l i ndr i c albodyofa s ol i dr esi l i ent ,s
m at er i al ,

( c )ap l u r al i t yofr e s i l i e n tme a n sd i s p o s e dwi t h i na na g gr e g a t eI en gt ho fe a c hop p os i n gp ai rof

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13-cv-80949-Ryskamp/Hopkins

Cl ai m 1.( Par tc. 21 Cycl i ndr i c albodyext endi ngdownwar dl yt hr ough s ai dI owerpl at et o ab ot t ommos ts ur f ac e ofan out ers ol e ofs ai ds hoe,s ai dr es i l i entmeansea ch havi ng a gr eat ers pr i ng r at e and s pr i ng c ons t antthan t hatofs ai dr es i l i ents l eeve.

UP
t r /v f o rz *œ t ep * ea: l e% Wo ul dN 9 d ** O ke e

e D l l e xO OS PWWW WWWWO WV e f m h a . l l o we -, t h ee l eOT e s h) e
l n n û ei / nW i M l * 1 *h Mt b4f l G o fi l YI Z= r l wi p r t M e' n g& b * % G * % Kl eZ ad r - e e g l xh e--' r l œs !

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i n d u & t r ywu > ' w1 * A1 e*

Ae a r e Kl n mv e he wx q- i - e W* V YPW b yt l /l me R- m: Te dmo l o r VA H* ae n T %g ( 1 RW . ) . 1 [email protected] C z l oi ll e r* WK+n t i f e x. - . e o awi t hah ' &s m( 1 A* ) a Un d G* Y tAC O O MH.O G-V / œ e we t* : h * = - -* r e c i pr oc a a r e s l s - m we re u œe
we a r e r Y wmg 'k t s l û Yt ot i el nl lo f *

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C l ai m1 , ( P a r t c . 2) :
The Cyl i ndr i c albody, as above def i ned, ex t ends down war dl yt o and t hr ough t he I ower pl at bott et oa ommos ts t l r f a ce of an out er s ol e of t he s hoe. As s hown i nt he f ol l owi ng page ofVer s oshc ok

max i mum s hockabs or pt i on and s oc al l ed ' ' ener gyr eci pr oca t i ngpowe' oft he GDe f ys hoe pos s i bl e. As n ot ed i nt he t extt ot he I ef toft he above i l l us t r at i on t avi t y Def yers hoesc oul d notf undi on i ft he , he Gr r es i l i ent means wi t hi nt he heelwer e not mechani cal l yi nt egr at ed i n l ot he I ower hor i z ont alsuppor t pl at e,t er med i nt he gr avi t yDef y erI i t er a t ur ea st he Ver s oshockbeelpl a t f or m . As suc h ' ' he l i mi t at i on of ,t

a d v e r t i s i n gma t e r i a l s , t h er e s i l i e n tWl i ndr i c al mea n s( RM) e x t en ddo wn wa r d l ya n db l ec ome a par toft he o we rh or i z on t a l s up po r tp l a t e( L HS P)i nt h en o r ma l f u n di on t be r e o f . Onl yb ys ucb a s t r u d ur ei st he

t h r ou g h -v er s u s' ' t o ' ' t hel o werb e e l p l a t f or m( L P )i sn o tama t er i a l I i mi t a t i o no fC l a i m 1 Par tc. 2.
,

The 5nal par toft hePar tc.2o fC l ai m 1r e qu i r e st h a tt * er es i l i e n tmea n s( R M)p o s s es sas p r i n gc on s t a n t

t h a ti sg r e a t ert h a nt ha :o ft her e s i l i e n ts l e e v e s( QRSa n dL R Si nt b ei l l u s t r a & i o n s ) . ( RM)ar n er e s l l i e n tme a n s e màde ofa s ol i dr es i l i ent mat er i ala xi al l y di s pos ed wl t hi nt hi no ab o u t err e s i l i en ts l ee v e s( R S ) ,a s v ede s c r i b e d, t h e RM' sa r eg r e a t eri nb u l k ma s sa n dr es i l i e n c ea n dt h er e f or ei nh er ent l y pos s es sa
gr ea t er s pr i ng r at e and s pr i ng c ons t ant t han t hat of t he c i r cumf er ent i alr es i l i

c a v i t i e s( R C) .

e n t( R S )s l e e v e ort h e

13-cv-80949-Ryskamp/Hopkins

Qai m2 2.Theat hl et i cs hoeasr ec i t ed I nCl ai m 1f ur t h di spo erc ompr i s i nga met al l i cspi r al spr i ng s ed ci r cqmf er ent i al l y abouts ai ds ol i dA l i ndr i c alb ody.

gr c

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r e s i l i en t me a n s( R M)a n dt he i rc or r e s p on di n gs l e er e s pe di v e Ver s o s h e v e s( R S )op er a t et op os i t i on t h es p r i n g so ft h e oc ks ys t em i naver t i cal andl r ans ver s e or i e
nt at i on.

Cl ai m 2 above i s eas i l y met bec aus e of t he us e by t he Gr avi t y Def yer s p c i r c umf er ent i al l yabout r i n gs whi ch ar e di spos ed eac h oft he s ol i dc yl i ndr i c almeansasab above phot ove des c r i bed. As ma y be se en i nt he ogr aphofth e Ver s oshoc k heelpl a t f or m t ti s ,t he annul arr egi on bet ween t h , ha

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