Drugs Used in Pregnancy

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DRUGS USED IN PREGNANCY (Part 1 of 2)
Allergic Disorders

Dental

Category A
• Doxylamine
Category B
• Benadryl (diphenhydramine)–3rd
trimester, Chlor-Trimeton
(chlorpheniramine), Cyproheptadine,
Gastrocrom (cromolyn sodium),
Singulair (montelukast), Xyzal
(levocetirizine), Zyrtec (cetirizine
HCl)

Category A
• None available
Category B
• Aphthasol (amlexanox), Fluoridex
(sodium fluoride), Peridex
(chlorhexidine gluconate)
Dermatological Disorders

Category A
• None available
Category B
Cardiovascular System
• Altabax (retapamulin), Azelex
Category A
(azelaic acid), Bactroban
• None available
(mupirocin), Centany (mupirocin),
Denavir (penciclovir), Cleocin T
Category B
(clindamycin), Clindagel
• Aggrastat (tirofiban), Angiomax
(clindamycin), Clindets (clindamycin),
(bivalirudin), Argatroban
Enbrel (etanercept), Evoclin
(argatroban), Arixtra (fondaparinux
(clindamycin), Finacea (azelaic
sodium), Betapace, Betapace AF
acid), Kerol Emulsion (urea),
(sotalol HCl), Colestid (colestipol),
Lamisil (terbinafine HCl),
Cyklokapron (tranexamic acid),
Lac-Hydrin CREAM (ammonium
Demadex (torsemide),
lactate), Loprox (ciclopirox), Lotrimin
Dobutamine, Edecrin (ethacrynic
AF (clotrimazole), Mentax
acid), Fenoldopam, Flolan
(butenafine HCl), Metrocream
(epoprostenol), Fragmin
(metronidazole), Metrogel
(dalteparin sodium),
(metronidazole), Metrolotion
Hydrochlorothiazide, Indapamide,
(metronidazole), Naftin (naftifine
Inspra (eplerenone), Integrilin
HCl), Nix (permethrin), Noritate
(eptifibatide), Isosorbide
(metronidazole), Ovide (malathion),
mononitrate, extended release,
Oxistat (oxiconazole nitrate),
Lidocaine, Lovenox (enoxaparin
Penlac (ciclopirox), Permethrin,
sodium), Microzide
Remicade (infliximab), Silvadene
(hydrochlorothiazide), Midamor
(silver sulfadiazine), Solaraze
(amiloride HCl), Moduretic
(diclofenac sodium)–1st & 2nd
(amiloride HCl/hydrochlorothiazide),
trimester, SSD, SSD AF (silver
Methyldopa, Monoket (isosorbide
sulfadiazine)–early pregnancy,
mononitrate), Persantine
Zonalon (doxepin HCl), Zovirax
(dipyridamole), Pindolol, Plavix
(acyclovir)
(clopidogrel), Refludan (lepirudin),
Remodulin (treprostinil sodium),
Endocrine System
Revatio (sildenafil citrate), Sectral
Category A
(acebutolol), Stimate
• Armour Thyroid (liothyronine/
(desmopressin acetate), Tenex
levothyroxine), Cytomel (liothyronine
(guanfacine), Ticlopidine HCl,
sodium), Levothroid (levothyroxine
Welchol (colesevelam HCl),
sodium), Levoxyl (levothyroxine
Zaroxolyn (metolazone)
sodium), Synthroid (levothyroxine
Central Nervous System
sodium), Thyrolar (liothyronine
sodium/levothyroxine sodium),
Category A
Triostat (liothyronine), Unithroid
• Magnesium Sulfate
(levothyroxine sodium)
Category B
Category
B
• Buspirone HCl, Clozaril (clozapine),
• Cabergoline, DDAVP (desmopressin
Exelon (rivastigmine), Fazaclo
acetate), Fortamet (metformin
(clozapine), Namenda (memantine
HCl), Genotropin (somatropin),
HCl), Parlodel (bromocriptine),
Glucagen (glucagon), Glucagon
Propofol, Razadyne (galantamine),
(glucagon), Glucophage,
Xyrem (sodium oxybate)
Glucophage XR (metformin HCl),

Not an inclusive list.

Glucovance (glyburide/metformin
HCl), Glumetza (metformin HCl),
Glyburide, Glynase (glyburide),
Glyset (miglitol), Humalog (insulin
lispro), Humalog Mix 50/50, 75/25
(insulin lispro protamine/insulin
lispro), Janumet (sitagliptin/
metformin), Januvia (sitagliptin),
Levemir (insulin detemir), Novolog
(insulin aspart), Novolog Mix 70/30
(insulin aspart protamine/insulin
aspart), Parlodel(bromocriptine),
Precose (acarbose) Riomet
(metformin HCl), Saizen
(somatropin), Sandostatin (octreotide
acetate), Serostim (somatropin)
Eye Disorders
Category A
• None available
Category B
• Alocril (nedocromil sodium),
Alomide (lodoxamide tromethamine),
Alphagan P (brimonidine tartrate),
Azasite (azithromycin), Crolom
(cromolyn sodium), Emadine
(emedastine), Opticrom (cromolyn
sodium), Propine (dipivefrin HCl),
Tobrex (tobramycin)
Gastrointestinal tract
Category A
• Doxylamine
Category B
• Aciphex (rabeprazole sodium),
Actigall (ursodiol), Alinia
(nitazoxanide), Aloxi (palonosetron),
Antivert (meclizine), Anzemet
(dolasetron mesylate), Azulfidine
(sulfasalazine), Bentyl
(dicyclomine), Canasa
(mesalamine), Carafate (sucralfate),
Colazal (balsalazide sodium),
Delzicol (mesalamine), Dramamine
(dimenhydrinate), Dulcolax
(bisacodyl), Emend (aprepitant),
Granisetron, Humira (adalimumab),
Imodium (loperamide), Kristalose
(lactulose), Lialda (mesalamine),
Lotronex (alosetron), Nexium
(esomeprazole), Nizatidine, Pentasa
(mesalamine), Pepcid (famotidine),
Prevacid (lansoprazole), Protonix
(pantoprazole), Reglan
(metoclopramide), Remicade
(infliximab), Robinul (glycopyrrolate),
Rowasa (mesalamine), Tagamet
(cimetidine), Urso (ursodiol),
Vancocin (vancomycin), Zantac
(ranitidine), Zofran (ondansetron)
(continued)

DRUGS USED IN PREGNANCY (Part 2 of 2)
Immune System
Category A
• None available
Category B
• Copaxone (glatiramer acetate),
Gardasil (quadrivalent human
papillomavirus)
Infectious Diseases
Category A
• None available
Category B
• Abelcet (amphotericin B lipid
complex), Ambisome (amphotericin
B liposome), Amoxicillin, Amoxil
(amoxicillin), Ampicillin, Ancef
(cefazolin), Augmentin (amoxicillin/
clavulanic acid), Azactam
(aztreonam), Bicillin CR (penicillin
G benzathine/penicillin G procaine),
Bicillin LA (penicillin G benzathine),
Ceclor (cefaclor), Cedax
(ceftibuten), Cefaclor, Cefadroxil,
Cefdinir, Cefizox (ceftizoxime
sodium), Cefobid (cefoperazone
sodium), Cefotetan, Cefoxitin
sodium, Cefpodoxime Proxetil,
Cefprozil, Ceftin (cefuroxime),
Claforan (cefotaxime sodium),
Cleocin (clindamycin), Cubicin
(daptomycin), E.E.S.
(erythromycin), Emtriva
(emtricitabine), EryC (erythromycin),
Eryped (erythromycin), Ery-tab
(erythromycin), Famvir
(famciclovir), Flagyl
(metronidazole)–2nd & 3rd
trimesters, contraindicated 1st
trimester for trichomoniasis;
Fortaz (ceftazidime), Furadantin
(nitrofurantoin), Fuzeon
(enfuvirtide), Invanz (ertapenem),
Invirase (saquinavir), Keflex
(cephalexin), Lamisil (terbinafine),
Macrobid (nitrofurantoin)–1st &
2nd trimesters, Macrodantin
(nitrofurantoin)–1st & 2nd
trimesters, Maxipime (cefepime),
Merrem (meropenem), Monurol
(fosfomycin), Norvir (ritonavir),
PCE (erythromycin), Penicillin V
potassium, Reyataz (atazanavir),
Rocephin (ceftriaxone sodium),
Selzentry (maraviroc), Spectracef
(cefditoren), Suprax (cefixime),
Synercid (quinupristin/
dalfopristin), Timentin (ticarcillin/
clavulanate), Truvada
(emtricitabine/tenofovir
Not an inclusive list.

disoproxil fumarate), Tyzeka
(telbivudine), Unasyn (ampicillin
sodium/sulbactam sodium),
Valtrex (valacyclovir), Videx, Videx
EC (didanosine), Viracept
(Nelfinavir), Viread (tenofovir
disoproxil fumarate), Zinacef
(cefuroxime), Zithromax
(azithromycin), Zmax
(azyithromycin), Zosyn (piperacillin/
tazobactam), Zovirax (acyclovir)
Musculoskeletal Disorders
Category A
• None available
Category B
• Amrix (cyclobenzaprine), Azulfidine
EN-tabs (sulfasalazine),
Cyclobenzaprine, Enbrel
(etanercept), Fexmid
(cyclobenzaprine), Humira
(adalimumab), Kineret (anakinra),
Remicade (infliximab)
Neoplasms
Category A
• None available
Category B
• Mesnex (mesna)
Nutrition
Category A
• Folic acid (Category C if exceed
RDA), Magnesium Sulfate,
Vitamin A (Category X if exceed
RDA), Vitamin B12 (Category C if
exceed RDA), Vitamin C (Category
C if exceed RDA), Vitamin D
(Category D if exceed RDA),
Vitamin E (Category C if exceed
RDA), Pantothenic acid (Category C
if exceed RDA), Pyridoxine
(Category C if exceed RDA),
Riboflavin (Category C if exceed
RDA), Thiamine (Category C if
exceed RDA)
Category B
• Carnitor (levocarnitine),
Diethypropion
Ob/Gyn
Category A
• Nystatin vaginal (nystatin)
Category B
• Cleocin Vaginal (clindamcyin),
Clindesse (clindamycin), Flagyl
(metronidazole)–2nd & 3rd
trimester, Gyne-Lotrimin

(clotrimazole), Metrogel-Vaginal
(metronidazole), Prometrium
(progesterone)–not indicated for use
during pregnancy; Vandazole
(metronidazole)
Pain Management
Category A
• None available
Category B
• EMLA (lidocaine/prilocaine),
Lidoderm (lidocaine), Naropin
(ropivacaine), Oxycontin (oxycodone
HCl), Oxyfast (oxycodone HCl),
Synera (lidocaine/tetracaine),
Tylenol (acetaminophen), Xylocaine
(lidocaine)
Poisoning & Drug Dependence
Category A
• None available
Category B
• Acetadote (acetylcysteine), Calcium
Disodium Versenate (edatate
calcium disodium), Exjade
(deferasirox), Naloxone
Respiratory tract
Category A
• None available
Category B
• Accolate (zafirlukast), Atrovent
(ipratropium bromide), Cromolyn
sodium, Dopram (doxapram),
Pulmicort Flexhaler, Pulmicort
Respules (budesonide), Pulmozyme
(dornase alfa), Rhinocort Aqua
(budesonide), Singulair
(montelukiast), Terbutaline sulfate,
Xolair (omalizumab)
Urogenital System
Category A
• None available
Category B
• DDAVP (desmopressin acetate),
Ditropan, Ditropan XL (oxybutynin
chloride), Elmiron (pentosan
polysulfate sodium), Hectorol
(doxercalciferol), Oxytrol
(oxybutynin), Phenazopyridine

(Rev. 7/2014)

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