Essential Words

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By:

H. Karimian

504 Absolutely Essential Words

Word abandon keen jealous tact oath vacant hardship gallant data unaccustomed bachelor qualify Word corpse conceal dismal frigid inhabit numb peril recline shriek sinister temp wager

Lesson 1 Synonym
‫ﺭﻫﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭﺩﺍﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻢ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﺠﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺄﻧﻮﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻲ‬ desert, quit, give up, leave sharp, eager, intense, sensitive wanting what someone else has ability to say the right thing a promise that something is true, a curse empty, not filled difficulty, something that is hard to bear brave, showing respect for women facts, information not used to something a man who has not married become fit, show that you are able

Antonym
keep, retain, continue blunt, dull, apathetic tactlessness, indiscretion full, occupied ease, comfort, prosperity cowardly, rude

Lesson 2 Synonym
‫ﺟﻨﺎﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﭘﻨﻬﺎﻥ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺭﻳﮏ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﺳﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﺣﺲ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﮑﻴﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻳﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻏﻔﺎﻝ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻁ‬ a dead body, usually of a person hide, disguise dark and depressing very cold live in without power of feeling, deadened danger lie down, stretch out, lean back scream evil, wicked, dishonest, frightening try to get someone to do something reveal

Antonym

cheerful, bright hot, passionate sensitive, responsive safety, security

good, innocent

bet

1

Lessons 1-2
Word anecdote battle break in breed buddy butler cemetery cheat chorus cloak closet coffin contest contraband, bandit cot couch court disobey fire flee flirt generous grave hire hunter janitor landlord lean lot maid marched out offer puddle revenge slum spirit split spotlight stair swear teller territory terror tombstone trick trouble upbringing widow witness ‫ﺣﻜﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺩ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﮋﺍﺩ، ﻧﺴﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺳﺖ، ﺭﻓﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﺁﺑﺪﺍﺭﭼﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﺮﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻠﺐ، ﮔﻮﻝ ﺯﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ ﮐﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﻗﻪ‘ ﭘﻮﺷﺎﻧﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﻨﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺑﻮﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺍﻉ، ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﭼﺎﻕ، ﺭﺍﻫﺰﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻧﻜﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻤﻜﺖ، ﺗﺨﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺩﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﭘﻴﭽﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﺎﺭ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﺱ ﺯﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﻲ، ﺑﺨﺸﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﻴﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﮑﺎﺭﭼﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺑﺎﻥ، ﺳﺮﺍﻳﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﮏ‬ ‫ﺗﮑﻴﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ، ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺷﻴﺰﻩ ﻳﺎ ﺯﻥ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻠﻪ ﮐﺜﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﺷﮑﺎﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‘ ﺗﻤﺮﮐﺰ‬ ‫ﭘﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻢ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻮﻳﻠﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻤﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﮓ ﻗﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻪ‘ ﻓﺮﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﺯﺣﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺖ، ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺯﻥ ﺑﻴﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻫﺪ‬ Synonym tale, story fight, conflict get in type, kind friend graveyard deceive, defraud singing group cover, coat secret, private sarcophagus, tomb competition, fight thief, outlaw crib, cradle settee defy, challenge let off run away, escape big-hearted tomb rent, employ seeker, huntsman gatekeeper, caretaker owner, proprietor incline, bend batch, set Antonym

jealous of take an oath let out an oath build on give up

reveal open

qualify for put on/over treat in

obey

recline in/on/by bet on

tight-fisted

Abandon:
tenant

"To put under another's control", "to give up"

Sinister:
"On the left" (in Latin)

proposal, suggestion vengeance soul, ghost separate, break up attention, focus on step promise, curse cashier, bank clerk region, terrain fear, dread gravestone, headstone deception, cheat problem, difficulty education, rearing observer, spectator

unite

security

ease

2

504 Absolutely Essential Words

Word typical minimum scarce annual persuade essential blend visible expensive talent devise wholesale Word vapor eliminate villain dense utilize humid theory descend circulate enormous predict vanish

Lesson 3 Synonym
‫ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﮐﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﮐﻤﻴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻘﺎﻋﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﻠﻮﻁ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺭﺅﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺍﻧﻘﻴﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﺪﻩ‬ usual, of a kind the lowest amount hard to get, rare once a year win over, convince, make willing necessary, very important mix together thoroughly, a mixture able to be seen costly, high-priced natural ability think out, plan, invent in large quantity, less than retail in price

Antonym
exceptional maximum plentiful, abundant, frequent dissuade, discourage unnecessary, non-essential invisible, hidden cheap, economical

partial, selective

Lesson 4 Synonym
‫ﺑﺨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺬﻑ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺮﺍﮐﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻃﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﻴﻦ ﺁﻣﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺧﺶ‬ ‫ﻋﻈﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﭘﺪﻳﺪ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ fog, mist get ride of, remove, omit a very wicked person closely packed together, thick make use of moist, damp hypothesis, thesis come down go around extremely large, huge anticipate, foretell, tell beforehand disappear dry, arid

Antonym

sparse, thin, light, clever

ascend, climb minute, tiny appear, materialize

3

Lessons 3-4
Word aggravate altitude anger batter beau breeze burglar cellar complain contrary convention crab crumble deserve dine dispute executive extravagant foretell germ giant gossip grant labor leftover quarrel rainbow reputation rid roam row shack slaughter sleet somehow strange strike string swamp tie track trail trial vacate wage weapon wand weed wipe out witch withheld ‫ﺑﺪﺗﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺗﻔﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﺑﻪ ﺯﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻃﺮﺧﻮﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﺵ ﺑﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺯﺩ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﺯﻣﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﮑﺎﻳﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮ ﺧﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﭼﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺰﺍﻭﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻡ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺮﺍﺋﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﻌﻘﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﮕﻮﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﮑﺮﻭﺏ‬ ‫ﻋﻈﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻄﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﭘﺴﻤﺎﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺍﻉ‬ ‫ﺭﻧﮕﻴﻦﮐﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺕ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﮎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺵ‘ ﺳﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﻭ ﺯﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﮐﻠﺒﻪ ﮐﻮﭼﮏ‬ ‫ﻗﺘﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻓﺎﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻃﺮﻳﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺠﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﺼﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﻃﻨﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺗﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﮐﺮﺍﻭﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﺎﻭﺕ‘ ﻣﺤﺎﮐﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﻠﻴﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻤﺰﺩ‬ ‫ﺳﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻒ ﻫﺮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻮ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺣﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻀﺎﻳﻘﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ Synonym make worse, exaggerate height, elevation rage, irritation beat, hit gentle wind, puff of air thief, robber basement make a complaint opposite meeting, conference fall to pieces, crush, grind merit, be worthy of eat dinner quarrel, clash administrative, managerial exaggerated predict, forecast microbe huge, gigantic rumour gift, give residual, enduring, lasting dispute, fight fame travel, journey Antonym alleviate calm, pacify

set a wage put out look on

praise similar

Expensive:
"Costly, dear, valuable, precious, invaluable, priceless, exorbitant, excessive, immoderate"

Villain:
restrained

"A person who lives on a farm, evil"

miniature

agreement

kill, massacre, murder frozen rain, hail in some way, by some means odd, bizarre, extraordinary work stoppage cord, filament, rope, twine

normal, familiar

path, roadway, trail path, trajectory judgment, court case, tribunal leave, check out of, evacuate salary, earnings missile, warhead baton, stick, rod wild plant, wild flower eliminate, remove withdrawn, pending

take up

ongoing

4

504 Absolutely Essential Words

Word tradition rural burden campus majority assemble explore topic debate evade probe reform Word approach detect defect employee neglect deceive undoubtedly popular thorough client comprehensive defraud

Lesson 5 Synonym
‫ﺭﺳﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﻣﻪ ﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻮﻃﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﮐﺜﺮﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺁﻭﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﻇﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺮﻩ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ beliefs, opinions, customs in the country load, what is carried grounds of a college, university or school greater part, more than half get together, bring together go over carefully, examine subject that people think, write… controversy, discussion get away from by trickery or cleverness investigate, search into improve, make better

Antonym
urban, city, town

minority disperse, demolish

face, confront worsen

Lesson 6 Synonym
‫ﻧﺰﺩﻳﮏ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺺ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺻﺮﻓﻨﻈﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻤﺌﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻠﺐ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ come near or nearer to find out, discover, perceive fault, that which is wrong wage-earner, member of staff give too little care or attention to mislead certainly, beyond doubt liked by most people complete, deep customer including much, covering completely cheat, take money,… away by cheating

Antonym
leave, avoid

care for, attend to

unpopular, unknown superficial

5

Lessons 5-6
Word accused appliance appreciate bay beard bracelet brake bureau career catch clerk convict council county customer custom decent deprive distract doubt dragnet entitle expel favoritism finery gang hint innocent inspection limp merchandise mercy messy miniskirt nobleman pilgrim praise pretend reckless rescuer rioter ruin sarcasm serious silent slight spade spine Synonym ‫ﻣﺘﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺪﻳﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻴﺞ ﮐﻮﭼﮏ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﺒﻨﺪ، ﺍﻟﻨﮕﻮ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻣﺰ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ‬ (‫ﺩﺳﺘﮕﻴﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ )ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭﻣﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﮔﻤﺮﮎ‘ ﺭﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﺠﻴﺐ، ﺁﺭﺍﺳﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻏﻔﺎﻝ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﮏ، ﺗﺮﺩﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﺤﻖ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ، ﻧﺎﻡ ﻧﻬﺎﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﺗﻲ ﺑﺎﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﻮﺭ‘ ﻟﺒﺎﺱ ﺯﺭﻕ ﻭ ﺑﺮﻕ ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻪ‘ ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﮔﻨﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺭﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﻨﮕﻴﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻻ، ﺟﻨﺲ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸﺶ‬ ‫ﮐﺜﻴﻒ ﻭ ﺑﻬﻢ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻣﻦ ﮐﻮﺗﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﺠﻴﺐﺯﺍﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻧﻤﻮﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﺩﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺠﺎﺕﺩﻫﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﺷﻮﺑﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺍﺏ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺸﺨﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻱ، ﺧﻄﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﮐﺖ، ﺑﻴﺼﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ ﻧﺎﭼﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﻮﻥ ﻓﻘﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻈﻨﻮﻥ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﮑﺮﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﮐﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﻠﻪﮔﺮﻱ‬ machine, device be grateful for Antonym

take on set rules get up stay up look into Silent majority:
criminal, villain committee region, province client, consumer trade, business polite, moral take away sidetrack, divert hesitation, uncertainty give the right, name drive out, eject partiality, preference team, squad clue, intimate, imply blameless, guiltless check, assessment walk lamely, hobble goods, commodities forgiveness, pity chaotic, disordered sarong, kilt polite, gallant admiration, tribute make believe, feign careless, hasty, rash savior, liberator rebel, protester destroy, wreck irony, ridicule severe, important quiet, still, hushed small, trivial shovel backbone

armlet brake pedal office livelihood

"Dead people"

Defect:
"Fault; to quit a country, a political party, or a cause"
discourteous, decadent provide

Double Duty Words 1. abandon (v., n.)
debar impartiality

2. hardship (n., adj.) 3. wager (n., v.) 4. annual (n., adj.) 5. blend (n., v.) 6. burden (n., v.) 7. debate (n., v.) 8. probe (n., v.) 9. reform (v., adj.) 10. neglect (n., v.) 11. gallant (n., adj.) Opposites

guilty

cruelty neat

criticism cautious

1. approach ≠ leave 2. expensive ≠ cheap 3. visible ≠ unseen 4. popular ≠ hated 5. vacant ≠ filled 6. keen ≠ dull 7. descend ≠ climb 8. humid ≠ dry 9. vanish ≠ be seen 10. essential ≠ not needed

respect funny, trivial noisy, talkative considerable

steering
suspect thanksgiving trial trickery

direction-finding
doubt, mistrust blessing judgment deception, fraud trust

honesty

6

504 Absolutely Essential Words Lesson 7 Synonym
‫ﺗﺄﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﮐﭙﺴﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻔﻈﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﮑﻮﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﮑﺘﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺭﻧﺠﻴﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺍﺣﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﻏﻤﮕﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻲ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ‬ delay, put off a later time agree to, accept bulky, immense a small case or covering keep safe, protect, continue express strong disapproval of, condemn rare, having no like or equal any violent, rushing stream, flood feel injured and angered at (something) disturb, interfere with and trouble, bother dark, dim, in low spirits unexpected, not known beforehand

Word postpone consent massive capsule preserve denounce unique torrent resent molest gloomy unforeseen Word exaggerate amateur mediocre variety valid survive weird prominent security bulky reluctant obvious

Antonym
bring forward, advance dissent, disagree , refusal tiny, minute, compact destroy, end support ordinary, common, usual trickle accept, like bright, happy, cheerful

Lesson 8 Synonym
‫ﺍﻏﺮﺍﻕ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺗﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻣﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻬﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺍﻣﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺿﺢ‬ overstate not professional ordinary, average lack of sameness, a number of different things sound, true, supported by facts or authority live longer than, remain alive after mysterious, unearthly, very strange well-known, celebrated, renowned freedom from danger, care or fear taking up much space, large unwilling, hesitant easily seen or understood, plain

Antonym
understate professional, expert

invalid, null, illegal ordinary, conventional inconspicuous, obscure

eager, willing, ready

7

Lessons 7-8
Word attic attorney clue condemn conqueror constitution couple cousin crew district entertainment feature flu foreman give up grand haunted horrible illness incurable journey lumberjack measures miss pleasure quit rush slaughter sound spy squad stamp strict truck violent violet Synonym ‫ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺷﻴﺮﻭﺍﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﮐﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻧﺦ، ﻣﺪﺭﮎ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﮑﻮﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺗﺢ، ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺯﻭﺝ‘ ﻭﺻﻞ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺴﺮ ﻳﺎ ﺩﺧﺘﺮ ﻋﻤﻮ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺧﺪﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ، ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﮔﺮﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺒﻪ، ﻟﺤﺎﻅ‬ ‫ﺁﻧﻔﻮﻻﻧﺰﺍ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﮐﺎﺭﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺭﻫﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ، ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺷﮑﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﺟﻦﺯﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﻮﻑ، ﻣﻬﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻋﻼﺝﻧﺎﭘﺬﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﭼﻮﺏﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ، ﺧﻄﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺬﺕ، ﺧﻮﺷﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﻫﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﮐﺖ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ، ﻳﻮﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﻗﺘﻞ‘ ﮐﺸﺘﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻟﻢ، ﺩﺭﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺳﻮﺱ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻪ‘ ﺗﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺮ، ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﺖ، ﻣﺤﮑﻢ، ﺍﮐﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﺖ، ﺷﺪﻳﺪ‘ ﺻﺒﻌﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﻔﺶ‬ kill, murder unfailing, good secret agent, emissary, mole group, team stomp severe, rigorous wagon, articulated vehicle brutal, vicious bluish-purple friendly, peaceful lenient unsound lose enjoyment, delight give up take displeasure take up quit, abandon impressive, excellent ghostly, worried dreadful, terrible sickness, disease not curable, untreatable trip, voyage, travel pleasant good health continue poor team, squad, troop region, area diversion, hobby, amusement aspect, characteristic influenza upper floor lawyer, advocate evidence, sign denounce defeater, victorious instrument of government pair, combine separate commend Antonym

put off take on

Preserve:
"In ancient times: man preserved woman from slaughter in order to work for the conqueror"

Obvious:
"Something that met you on the way"

8

504 Absolutely Essential Words Lesson 9 Synonym
‫ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﮕﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷﮏ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﮐﻤﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻧﮑﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻟﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻨﻴﺎﺗﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺒﻊ‬ neighborhood, region near a place 100 years violent anger text, manuscript end, finish, decide not to be denied act against, strive against, oppose have not enough pay no attention to, disregard call to fight, dare small scale place from which something comes abundance, sufficiency pay attention to gigantic, enormous start, commence, extend

Word vicinity century rage document conclude undeniable resist lack ignore challenge miniature source Word excel feminine mount compete dread masculine menace tendency underestimate victorious numerous flexible

Antonym

Lesson 10 Synonym
‫ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺳﻴﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖ ﮐﻢ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻌﻄﻒ‬ be better than, do better than of women or girls get up on be a rival or contestant fear greatly, causing great fear of man, male threat, warning leaning, movement in a certain direction misjudge, miscalculate, see too low conquering very many, several easily bent, willing to yield

Antonym
mannish, manly descend

feminine

unsuccessful, losing few rigid, stiff, inflexible

9

Lessons 9-10
Word antic arouse attitude banish beat behave boredom bother crisis critic crop debater debtor decree deserted doll dungaree enthusiasm eventually fair fake flabby frame giant guilty honestly interrupt jockeys juggling jury legend mayor mustache nephew onlooker opportunity pastime phony poke pony poodle quack remedy residential rival sergeant shy slang strive stubborn sundae wise worthless Synonym ‫ﻣﻀﺤﮏ، ﻣﺴﺨﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﮏ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ، ﺑﺮﺍﻧﮕﻴﺨﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻌﻴﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﮑﺴﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺴﺘﮕﻲ، ﻣﻼﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺩﺳﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﮐﺮﻩ ﮐﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻫﮑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﮑﻢ، ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺮﻭﮎ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﻭﺳﮏ‬ ‫ﺷﻠﻮﺍﺭ ﺑﻨﺪ ﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﻴﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻗﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﮐﺎﻻ، ﻣﻨﺼﻔﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺩﺭﺳﺖ‘ ﺗﻘﻠﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﺴﺖ، ﺷﻞ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﮑﻞ‬ ‫ﻋﻈﻴﻢﺍﻟﺠﺜﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻨﺎﻫﮑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺩﻗﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻊ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺍﺭﮐﺎﺭ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺩﺳﺘﻲ‘ ﺣﺮﮐﺖ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﺼﻔﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺴﺎﻧﻪ، ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺒﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﭘﺴﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺮ، ﭘﺴﺮ ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻇﺮ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺻﺖ‘ ﻣﺠﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﮔﺮﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻠﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﻞ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺐ ﮐﻮﺗﻮﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﮓ ﭘﺸﻤﺎﻟﻮ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻭ، ﻋﻼﺝ‘ ﺭﺍﻩ ﺣﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﮑﻮﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻫﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﮐﻤﺮﻭ، ﺧﺠﺎﻟﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻣﻴﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﮐﻮﺷﻴﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺳﺨﺖ، ﮐﻠﻪﺷﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺘﻨﻲ ﻣﻴﻮﻩﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﮎ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﺍﺭﺯﺵ‬ stimulate, rouse approach, manner deport, send away overcome, get the better of act, perform, work monotony, tediousness go to the trouble of disaster, catastrophe detractor, evaluator harvest, gather nonpayer, defaulter command, rule isolated, uninhabited toy eagerness, interest finally, ultimately exhibition, just false, phony unfit, out of condition body, physique enormous, gigantic, monster blameworthy, at fault truthfully, frankly, sincerely break up, break off apathy Antonym dampen

sent into a rage count on cry at

Century: "C-note stands for $100. fin ($5), sawbuck ($10) and grand ($1,000)" Mountebank: "Quack or fake"

genuine firm, fit miniature innocent untruthfully

adjudicators, judges myth, fairy tale

viewer, observer chance, occasion amusement, hobby, diversion trick, hoax push, thrust horse pretender, fraud, impostor cure, solution housing, inhabited, suburban opponent, adversary introvert struggle, try hard immovable, tenacious astute, clever valueless

genuine

business

extrovert

flexible foolish valuable

10

504 Absolutely Essential Words Lesson 11 Synonym
‫ﻣﺪﺭﮎ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻬﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻨﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﮑﺮﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﮔﺬﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺿﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﻫﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺰﺧﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﻠﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺴﺎﻧﻪ‬ proof, affirmation alone, single, only power of seeing, sense of sight easily broken, delicate a short, quick view; glance current, new, latest 10 years be doubtful, fail to act quickly ridiculous, foolish disagreement, direct opposition less than half, smaller part legend agreement, peace, harmony majority fact, truth old, former sturdy sociable, busy

Word evidence solitary vision frequent glimpse recent decade hesitate absurd conflict minority fiction Word ignite abolish urban population frank pollute reveal prohibit urgent adequate decrease audible

Antonym

Lesson 12 Synonym
‫ﺁﺗﺶ ﺯﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﮎ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻮﺩﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻊ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺷﻨﻴﺪﻥ‬ set on fire put an end to city, town people of a city or country truthful, not hiding what’s in one’s mind make dirty make known, show, display forbid by law or authority, ban important, necessary sufficient, enough make or become less heard, hearable

Antonym
extinguish keep, retain, maintain rural evasive clean, purify hide allow, authorize, facilitate causal, trivial, unimportant inadequate, insufficient increase inaudible, faint, indistinct

11

Lessons 11-12
Word alien barely binoculars blaze comet command convict deaf diet elderly fiery fume fund gear harbor harsh heal heaven igneous inference juror knot loaf luminous mediation medieval merely meteor mitten monster nearsighted penalty pill plainly principal property proverb reliance rent rough scuba shelter shoreline shrub silly spectacularly sublime swap tale treasurer vote whisper Synonym unfamiliar, foreign hardly, scarcely shine, flash decree condemn unable to hear regime old, aged, mature blazing, burning finance, account device, clothes shelter, protect cruel, severe cure, make well paradise deduction join, tie be unoccupied shining, brilliant intervention just, only untie dull provocation Antonym easily

go into a rage cheat on

‫ﺑﻴﮕﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﺪﺭﺕ‘ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺨﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﺑﻴﻦ ﺷﮑﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺭ ﻳﺎ ﺭﻧﮓ ﺩﺭﺧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻟﻪﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ، ﺩﺳﺘﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺼﺮ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﮐﺮ، ﻧﺎﺷﻨﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﺭﮊﻳﻢ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻦ، ﺳﺎﻟﺨﻮﺭﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﺗﺸﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺩ، ﺑﺨﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ‘ ﻟﺒﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﭘﻨﺎﻫﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﺖ، ﺧﺸﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺸﺖ، ﺁﺳﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺫﺭﻳﻦ، ﺁﺗﺸﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺒﺎﻁ‘ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻀﻮ ﻫﻴﺎﺕ ﻣﻨﺼﻔﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺘﻦ‘ ﻣﺘﺼﻞ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺹ ﻧﺎﻥ، ﻭﻟﮕﺮﺩﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﻧﺠﻴﮕﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﻭﻥ ﻭﺳﻄﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺻﺮﻓﺎ، ﻓﻘﻂ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺎﺏﺳﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﮑﺶ ﺑﻲﺍﻧﮕﺸﺖ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﻮﻻ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺩﻳﮏﺑﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺒﻴﻪ، ﻣﺠﺎﺯﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺹ، ﺣﺐ‬ ‫ﺻﺮﻳﺤﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻲ، ﻣﻠﮏ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﺏﺍﻟﻤﺜﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺎﺭﻩ، ﮐﺮﺍﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﺖ، ﺧﺸﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ ﻏﻮﺍﺻﻲ‬ ‫ﭘﻨﺎﻫﮕﺎﻩ، ﺣﻔﺎﻅ‬ ‫ﺧﻂ ﺳﺎﺣﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺗﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺩﺍﻥ، ﺍﺑﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﺷﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻨﺪﭘﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻮﺽ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ، ﻣﺒﺎﺩﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ، ﺍﻓﺴﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻝ ﺍﻣﻮﺭ ﻣﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻱ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺠﻮﺍ، ﺩﺭﮔﻮﺷﻲ‬

like …better than … go on a diet hardly ever

acquit hearing

rather than turn out

gentle, mild worsen hell

Absurd:
"Quite deaf", "silly or senseless"
Double Duty Words

1. consent (v., n.) 2. security (n., adj.) 3. preserve (n., v.) 4. rage (v., n.) 5. document (v., n.) 6. challenge (v., n.) 7. menace (v., n.)
small

huge, fiend short-sighted punishment tablet, medication clearly, evidently chief, major possessions maxim, adage confidence, trust hire, payment coarse, uneven harbor, protect beach, seashore plant stupid, ridiculous amazingly, wonderfully magnificent, uplifting exchange, change story, legend ballot, poll soft voice, undertone

8. frequent (v., adj.) 9. conflict (v., n.) 10. dread (v., adj.) Opposites 1. consent ≠ refuse 2. valid ≠ untrue 3. ignite ≠ get off 4. reveal ≠ hide 5. urgent ≠ not important 6. victorious ≠ beaten 7. survive ≠ die 8. mount ≠ put out 9. prohibit ≠ allow 10. miniature ≠ large

smooth, gentle

sensible mildly ridiculous

12

504 Absolutely Essential Words Lesson 13 Synonym
‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺤﻄﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻴﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻭﻉ‬ ‫ﺗﻴﺰﺑﻴﻦ‘ ﻫﻮﺷﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﮐﺸﺘﻲ‘ ﺭﮒ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻓﺸﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻪﺁﻟﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﻗﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮ‬ newspaperman starvation, great shortage bring back or come back to life begin, start quick to notice, watchful recognize, distinguish emigrate, relocate a ship, vein continue firmly, preserve misty, fogy, unclear a flash or beam of light give up, desist, stop clear finish, end, conclude inattentive, dreamy

Word journalist famine revive commence observant identify migrate vessel persist hazy gleam editor Word unruly rival violent brutal opponent brawl duplicate vicious whirling underdog thrust bewildered

Antonym

Lesson 14 Synonym
‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥﺷﮑﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺧﺸﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﺸﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﮐﭙﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺧﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﻤﺪﻳﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻬﻮﺕ‬ lawless opponent, contestant done with strong, rough force savage, cruel rival, contestant a noisy quarrel or fight an exact copy, repeat exactly evil, wicked, savage spinning loser push with force confused completely, puzzled

Antonym
well-behaved

gentle, human, civilized ally, partner, colleague

gentle, kindly

13

Lessons 13-14
Word adaptation affairs audience bank banked track bill bitter brute burst coarse completion consciousness crime cruel dozen elbowing fingernail ghost graduation handy hollow manuscript pit proud quarrel ram rumour saucer savage skinny, slim so-called spoil starvation struggle swing thief though turf twin victim wondered ‫ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﻮﺭ، ﮐﺎﺭﻫﺎ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﻮﻧﺪﮔﺎﻥ ﻭ ﺑﻴﻨﻨﺪﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﺎﺭ، ﺳﺎﺣﻞ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺴﺖ ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺗﺤﺴﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﺦ، ﻃﻌﻨﻪﺁﻣﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻥﺻﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻊ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ، ﺍﺯ ﻫﻢ ﭘﺎﺷﻴﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺸﻦ، ﺩﺭﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺗﻤﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﻫﻮﺷﻴﺎﺭﻱ، ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺎﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﺭﺣﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﺟﻴﻦ، ﺩﻭﺍﺯﺩﻩ ﻋﺪﺩ‬ ‫ﻫﻞ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺧﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺡ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺭﻍﺍﻟﺘﺤﺼﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺎﻥﺗﻬﻲ، ﭘﻮﮎ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﻣﻐﺮﻭﺭ، ﺳﺮﺑﻠﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺍﻉ، ﻧﺒﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﺳﻔﻨﺪ ﻧﺮ، ﻗﻮﭺ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺸﻘﺎﺏ ﮐﻮﭼﮏ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﺸﻲ‬ ‫ﻻﻏﺮ، ﭘﻮﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﮐﺬﺍﻳﻲ، ﺑﻪ ﺍﺻﻄﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺳﺪ ﺷﺪﻥ‘ ﺧﺮﺍﺏ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺳﻨﮕﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻼ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺧﻴﺪﻥ، ﻧﻮﺳﺎﻥ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺯﺩ، ﺳﺎﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﮔﺮﭼﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﮕﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻗﻠﻮ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﮕﻔﺖﺯﺩﻩ‬ thin, skeletal alleged ruin, destroy hunger, malnourishment make a great effort, strive fluctuate, oscillate burglar, robber although, even if neighborhood double, look-alike fatality, wounded surprised improve fat gossip plate, bowl fact useful, usable void, empty document, text fight overconfident dispute, fight humble, modest solid spirit, phantom push demand for payment sour, resentful beast, animal rupture, fracture rough, stiff conclusion, end awareness, perception offence, sin unkind, brutal, vicious kind unconsciousness smooth sweet, resigned Synonym alteration, modification dealings, associations listeners and viewers side, shore Antonym

come in interest in throw out get into thrust into

Commence:
"Begin, start"

Rival:
"Probably comes from the Latin rivus (stream), who lives across the river"

14

504 Absolutely Essential Words Lesson 15 Synonym
‫ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻎ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﺱ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻈﺮ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﻝ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺎﺩﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻘﻴﺐ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺵﺷﺎﻧﺲ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻕ‬ increase in size, enlarge, swell make different, change, vary ripe, grown-up holy, blessed, worthy of respect change, alter, bring up to date promise happening by chance, not planned follow, proceed along in complete agreement, consent lucky, having good luck developer, innovator fresh, clever, having new idea flee, avoid

Word expand alter mature sacred revise pledge casual pursue unanimous fortunate pioneer innovative Word slender surpass vast doubt capacity penetrate pierce accurate microscope grateful cautious confident

Antonym
contract, condense young, immature secular, temporal, profane

Lesson 16 Synonym
‫ﻻﻏﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻈﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺷﮏ‬ ‫ﻇﺮﻓﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﻮﺫ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻮﺥ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻗﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﮑﺮﻭﺳﮑﻮﭖ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﺭﺩﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻤﺌﻦ‬ feeling gratitude, thankful careful, wary certain, sure of oneself long and thin, slim do better than, go beyond enormous, huge hesitation, uncertainty volume, ability pierce, go through penetrate, go through precise, exact fat follow small certainty

Antonym

inaccurate ungrateful reckless unsure

15

Lessons 15-16
Word ad aboveboard bartender bleeding blind confidentially dig up eardrum faithful gratitude hall honor inquiry invade lead loyalty pound quiet quite retina ripe salute scar slight strip tame tear down temple usher vex ‫ﺁﮔﻬﻲ ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﮎ ﻭ ﭘﻮﺳﺖ ﮐﻨﺪﻩ‘ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ‬ (‫ﻣﺘﺼﺪﻱ ﺑﺎﺭ )ﮐﺎﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﻧﺮﻳﺰﻱ‬ ‫ﮐﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺮﻣﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﺷﮑﺎﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﻩ ﮔﻮﺵ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﺎﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﺭﺩﺍﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﺮﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺏ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﺍﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﺑﻪ ﺯﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﮐﺖ، ﺧﺎﻣﻮﺵ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻣﻼ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﺷﺒﮑﻴﻪ ﭼﺸﻢ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ‘ ﺑﺎﻟﻎ‬ ‫ﺳﻼﻡ، ﺩﺭﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ‘ ﺍﺛﺮ ﺯﺧﻢ‬ ‫ﮐﻢ، ﺍﻧﺪﮎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻫﻨﻪ، ﻧﻮﺍﺭ ﺑﺎﺭﻳﮏ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻡ‘ ﺍﻫﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻼﺷﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻭ ﺍﺯ ﻫﻢ ﺩﺭﻳﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺒﺪ، ﺷﻘﻴﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎ ﻳﺎ ﮐﻨﺘﺮﻝ ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺧﻮﺷﺎﻳﻨﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ mature, fully grown greeting, acknowledgment mark, wound small, unimportant narrow piece, ribbon domestic demolish, destroy shrine, place of worship guide, attendant trouble, displease pacify, placate wild considerable unripe faithfulness hit, strike calm, silent completely loud slightly disloyalty loyal, reliable thanks, appreciation passageway respect, admiration investigation attack, enter by force dishonor blood loss sightless, unsighted in secret, in private reveal, find openly hide Synonym advertisement, trailer correct Antonym shady

dig up walk away come out so far move out clear up write on

Pioneer:
"Origin: French word for a foot soldier, peonier"

Confident:
"Route: Fidere meant "trust" in

16

504 Absolutely Essential Words Lesson 17 Synonym
‫ﺟﺎﺫﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﺁﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺷﺎﻧﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﭽﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﻄﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻐﺬﻳﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﺖ‘ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ attraction, interest, to urge devotee cautious, careful knowing, realizing bad luck keep away from, avert miserable barrel feed, nurture cruel, severe amount choose or favor, select gentle unwary, careless unconscious luck encourage happy repel

Word appeal addict wary aware misfortune avoid wretched keg nourish harsh quantity opt Word tragedy pedestrian glance budget nimble manipulate reckless horrid rave economical lubricate ingenious

Antonym

Lesson 18 Synonym
‫ﺗﺮﺍﮊﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﻤﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻻﮎ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﺩﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺳﻨﺎﮎ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﻮﺍﻧﻪﻭﺍﺭ ﺣﺮﻑ ﺯﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻏﻦﮐﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻫﻮﺵ‬ disaster, a sad play walker, person on foot glimpse, a quick look financial plan agile, quick direct, control careless, hasty, rash horrible, terrible, frightful talk wildly not wasting time or money oil, grease clever, inventive perusal joy

Antonym

awkward cautious, careful pleasant wasteful

17

break away Lessons 17-18
Word agent aware bakery bitten brawl brilliant career carpenter carve commonplace complementary convenience counselor deduce denounce dull essay gambling greedy heedless inhale junk leap lunge neat ought pedantic pep pledge puppet relieve revive skinny, slim stare stranger strike suffering swift utensil wary wounded wretched ‫ﻋﻬﺪﻩﺩﺍﺭ ﻳﮏ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ ﺧﺎﺹ‬ ‫ﺁﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻧﻮﺍﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﮔﺰﻳﺪﮔﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺍﻉ‘ ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻫﻮﺵ‘ ﺩﺭﺧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺠﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻤﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﮑﻤﻴﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺣﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺎﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻨﺘﺎﺝ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﮐﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﺎﻟﻪ‘ ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻳﺺ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﻓﮑﺮ‘ ﺑﻲﺩﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻔﺲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﺩﻡ‬ ‫ﺁﺷﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻳﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﻠﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺗﺐ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﮐﻮﺗﻪﻧﻈﺮﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺮﮊﻱﺯﺍ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﻝ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‘ ﻗﺴﻢ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﻭﺳﮏ ‘ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﺁﺳﺎﻥ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻴﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻻﻏﺮ‬ ‫ﺯﻝ ﺯﺩﻥ‘ ﺧﻴﺮﻩ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﺮﻳﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺎﺩﻑ‘ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻧﺞ‘ ﻣﺸﻘﺖ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ‘ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺘﺎﻁ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ‘ ﻣﺼﺪﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺑﺨﺖ‘ ﺑﻴﭽﺎﺭﻩ‬ slice, cut in slices ordinary, usual harmonizing ease infer condemn, accuse stupid thesis, treatise making a bet hungry, stingy neglectful, careless breathe in rubbish, garbage jump, rise attack tidy, in order must, should energy, activeness promise, oath doll, marionette ease revitalize, renew thin, skeletal look intently, gaze unfamiliar person, alien attack pain, torment, misery fast, quick tool, appliance cautious injured, hurt miserable, despondent slow unwary, careless happy untidy, disorganized drop generous careful exhale support bright extraordinary sink its teeth into fight, clash luminous, talented livelihood dull, mediocre manager conscious unaware Synonym Antonym

keep away/out get into opt for draw up set aside take off Keg:
inconvenience

"Came from the Icelandic word: kaggi"

Pedestrian:
"When it is use as adjective means very dull and commonplace" Double Duty Words 1. brawl (v., n.) 2. rival (n., adj.) 3. thrust (v., n.) 4. duplicate (v., n.) 5. pledge (v., n.) 6. appeal (v., n.) 7. budget (v., n.) 8. rave (v., adj.) 9. mature (v., adj.) 10. pedestrian (n., adj.) Opposites 1. ingenious ≠ stupid 2. nourish ≠ starve 3. commence ≠ finish 4. hazy ≠ clear 5. slender ≠ thick 6. expand ≠ make smaller 7. misfortune ≠ good luck 8. harsh ≠ smooth 9. migrate ≠ stay at home 10. pedestrian ≠ driver

exacerbate kill fat glance

18

504 Absolutely Essential Words Lesson 19 Synonym
‫ﺟﻤﻊﺁﻭﺭﻱ ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺭﺍﺣﺖ‘ ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﻤﻴﻦ ﺯﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻊ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺷﻔﺘﮕﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ gather, collect very plentiful restless, anxious estimate, figure take in or suck up, interest greatly guess, estimation a small bite, mouthful share menace forbid, prohibit unreasoning fear, dread fit, proper allow calm inappropriate chunk exude scarce untroubled

Word harvest abundant uneasy calculate absorb estimate morsel quota threat ban panic appropriate Word emerge jagged linger ambush crafty defiant vigor perish fragile captive prosper devour

Antonym

Lesson 20 Synonym
‫ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﺁﻣﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺪﺍﻧﻪﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻝ ﮐﺸﻴﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﻠﻪﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺟﺴﻮﺭ‘ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﮑﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺣﺮﺹ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻥ‬ come out uneven, toothed stay on, delay leaving trap trickery, sly open resisting, challenging active strength or force die, be destroyed easily broken, frail prisoner be successful eat greedily survive smooth leave

Antonym

sturdy, strong free

19

Lessons 19-20
Word abacus anxious appeal arrest barn bison bite bug charge commence complaint conflict crowd deem evasive exclude foul hunt indeed lamb lawn lobster mystical obey odor peach pebble pesticide rancher reliable reluctant revive roam ruin shrewd sly strive sturdy tax terrier treasurer vulgar wither Synonym ‫ﭼﺮﺗﮑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻥ‘ ﻣﺸﺘﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ‘ ﺟﺬﺏ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﮕﻴﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻳﻠﻪ‘ ﺍﻧﺒﺎﺭ ﻋﻠﻮﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻭ ﮐﻮﻫﺎﻥﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻟﻘﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‘ ﺟﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﮑﺎﻳﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻃﻔﺮﻩﺁﻣﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻟﻮﺩﻩ‘ ﮐﺜﻴﻒ‘ ﻧﺎﺧﻮﺷﺎﻳﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﮑﺎﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﮔﻤﺎﻥ‘ ﻣﻄﻤﺌﻨﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﭼﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺧﻨﮓ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﻓﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺮﻭﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻮ‬ ‫ﻫﻠﻮ‬ ‫ﺷﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﻓﺖﮐﺶ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻭﭼﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻃﻤﻴﻨﺎﻥ‘ ﻣﻮﺛﻖ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺍﻣﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻴﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺵ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺑﻮﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﮎ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﻠﻪﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻼ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺮﻭﻣﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﻴﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻋﻲ ﺳﮓ ﮐﻮﭼﮏ‬ ‫ﺧﺰﺍﻧﻪﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﺷﺖ‘ ﺑﺪﺍﺧﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﺧﺸﮏ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ bad, bad-mannered dry up decent, polite loyal, trustworthy unwilling, unenthusiastic revitalize, renew journey, travel destroy, devastate astute, crafty crafty, tricky, furtive struggle, effort strong, powerful duty, tariff frail, weak naive honest unreliable eager kill settle stone, small rock insect killer spiritual, supernatural follow disobey certainly, undeniably red meat, beef grass mouthful, morsel insect cost, accuse begin, initiate criticism clash, dispute, fight group, assembly think, believe, regard elusive, vague leave out polluted, unpleasant direct include clean, pleasant terminate praise peace nervous, eager petition, request, attract seize, capture storage place, hangar unconcerned repel release Antonym

suck up take in grow up come up/out/into stay on linger on

Calculate:
"Charge customers by figuring out"

Ambush:
"A place for protect a person made out of bushes or woods"

20

504 Absolutely Essential Words Lesson 21 Synonym
‫ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﮑﻞ ﺣﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻩ ﻓﺮﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻳﺴﺘﮕﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺳﺘﺎﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺳﺎﻥ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﻩ‬ request, appeal tired crash, come together with force make certain, prove confirm, prove to be true predict, expect problem, a difficult choice a roundabout way goodness, worth, value send over, pass on make less, release, ease, replace puzzle, confuse exacerbate disadvantage refreshed refute disprove

Word plea weary collide confirm verify anticipate dilemma detour merit transmit relieve baffle Word warden acknowledge justice delinquent reject deprive spouse vocation unstable homicide penalize beneficiary

Antonym

Lesson 22 Synonym
‫ﻧﮕﻬﺒﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩﻻﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻥ ﻳﺎ ﺷﻮﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻗﺘﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺒﻴﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺫﻳﻨﻔﻊ‬ keeper, guard admit to be true fair dealing, impartiality an offender, criminal refuse take away from by force wife or husband occupation, profession not firmly fixed murder, slaughter punish, set a penalty for recipient steady deny

Antonym

injustice law-abiding accept

benefactor

21

Lessons 21-22
Word abound beneath benevolent benign bewildered brand bull burglar clerk collision commit consent defiant emerge face fair dealing fright guilty harshly horn inmate insurance jail just conducting liberty mayor multitude nephew niece policy promotion pursue rural sentence strange thorough unpleasant villain vivid weird wound yell ‫ﺑﻪ ﻭﻓﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺮﺑﺎﻥ‘ ﺑﺨﺸﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺮﺑﺎﻥ‘ ﺧﻮﺵ ﻗﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﺞ‘ ﻣﺒﻬﻮﺕ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻉ‘ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ‘ ﻟﮑﻪﺩﺍﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻭ ﻧﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺯﺩ‘ ﺳﺎﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭﻣﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺎﺩﻑ‘ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‘ ﻣﺮﺗﮑﺐ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺴﻮﺭ‘ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﺁﻣﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺑﺮﻭ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﺼﻔﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺱ‘ ﻫﺮﺍﺱ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﺎﻫﮑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺧﺸﻮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺩﻻﻧﻪ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﭘﺴﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺮ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﺧﺘﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺮ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻂ ﻣﺸﻲ‘ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻱ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‘ ﭘﺸﺘﻴﺒﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﻣﻪ ﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﻋﺠﻴﺐ‘ ﻏﺮﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻴﻖ‘ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺧﻮﺷﺎﻳﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺭﻧﮕﺎﺭﻧﮓ‘ ﻣﻠﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻣﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﺳﻴﺐ‘ ﺟﺮﺍﺣﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻳﺎﺩ ﺯﺩﻥ‬ plan, strategy endorsement, help follow country, rustic judgment, punishment odd, bizarre, peculiar complete, deep unlikable criminal, outlaw colorful strange injury, cut shout, shriek dull normal normal partial pleasant urban large number prisoner, convict assurance prison fair dealing freedom, autonomy suppression crash, accident perform, carry out approval, permit disobedient, rebellious come out stand in front of just conduct fear, terror, panic blameworthy, at fault unkindly, strictly biased bravery innocent gently refusal obedient thief, robber Synonym be plentiful, thrive under, below generous, kind benevolent, kind confused, baffled kind, type Antonym above malevolent malignant

turn in weary of take off pass on/along deprive of set up

Dilemma:
"Facing with two choices, each equally unpleasant"

Beneficiary:
"All words beginning with bene speak only of good, for that is what this prefix means"

22

504 Absolutely Essential Words Lesson 23 Synonym
‫ﺧﺰﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﺪﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻊ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺮﺍﺝ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻏﻮﺵ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺠﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﺟﺰﺋﻲ‬ snakes, lizards, turtles, alligators,… hardly ever, seldom, not often prohibit, ban, make a rule against reasonable, rational show, display go on, move forward, progress preventative measure, foresight pull out, elicit, draw out earlier, former hug, hold in your arms brave, courageous incomplete, fractional cowardly complete not often allow illogical recede

Word reptile rarely forbid logical exhibit proceed precaution extract prior embrace valiant partial Word fierce detest sneer scowl encourage consider vermin wail symbol authority neutral trifle

Antonym

Lesson 24 Synonym
‫ﻭﺣﺸﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺮﺕ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺨﺮﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻢ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﺸﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﺫﻱ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻳﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺻﺪﺍﻱ ﺑﻠﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﻤﺒﻞ‘ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﻃﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﮐﻢ‘ ﻧﺎﭼﻴﺰ‬ savage, wild hate, dislike intensely scorn, contempt frown, look angry by lowering eyebrows give confidence, inspire think about, regard as, take into account small animal such as rats, bugs,… cry loud and long because of pain or grief sign, icon power, right unbiased, impartial, not taking sides little bit gentle love

Antonym

admiration frown

powerlessness biased

23

Lessons 23-24
Word afford agile arise attend audacious bargain beef chivalrous claw contempt crawl cuddle curious dauntless delegate delinquent deprive dime drab dweller entrust fang flea fond frown grief groom hug indomitable intrepid invasion muddle objection obedience olive owe perplex poisonous slip out spitting splinter statue supreme surpass thread tip toil turtle ‫ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‘ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﻣﺎﻟﻲ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺯ ﻭ ﭼﺎﻻﮎ‬ ‫ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺷﺠﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﻪ‘ ﭼﺎﻧﻪ ﺯﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﺷﺖ ﮔﺎﻭ‘ ﺷﮑﺎﻳﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺠﺎﻉ‬ ‫ﭼﻨﮓ ﺯﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺎﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺧﺰﻳﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻐﻞ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﺠﮑﺎﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﺑﺎﮎ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ‘ ﻭﮐﺎﻟﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﮑﻪ ﺩﻩ ﺳﻨﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﺭﻭﺡ‘ ﺩﻟﮕﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﮐﻦ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺶ ﻣﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﮐﮏ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻳﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻢ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﺼﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻣﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻐﻞ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﻱ‬ ‫ﺷﺠﺎﻉ‘ ﺑﻲﺑﺎﮎ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺎﺟﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﻧﻈﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﺎﻋﺖ‘ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺘﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻫﮑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻒ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺫﺭﻩ‘ ﺗﮑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﺎ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻌﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭ‘ ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻻﮎﭘﺸﺖ‬ Synonym give, have the funds for nimble, swift occur, take place be present at brave good buy complain gallant scratch, tear scorn, dislike creep embrace probing fearless representative, entrust criminal, offending take away dull, uninteresting inhabitant, resident hand over, delegate Antonym clumsy miss cowardly

Valliant:
"Refers to famous Prince Valiant who appeared in the comics for many years as the ideal knight"

Symbol:
boorish admiration

"Symbols are used in language, writing, logic, mathematics, science, religion, trade and sports"

apathetic timid retain law-abiding provide interesting

Double Duty Words 1. exhibit (v., n.) 2. harvest (v., n.) 3. panic (v., n.) 4. ambush (v., n.) 5. plea (v., n.) 6. delinquent (n., adj.) 7. reject (v., n.)

tender, caring scowl sorrow, misery embrace, cuddle strong, stubborn fearless, brave attack disorder, chaos opposition, protestation agreement be in debt puzzle, baffle toxic, fatal exit, leave particle, piece figurine highest, top go beyond filament, yarn, strand work

uncaring smile joy

8. detour (v., n.) 9. sneer (v., n.) 10. scowl (v., n.) Opposites

feeble cowardly order approval disobedience repay

1. detest ≠ be fond of 2. perish ≠ live 3. valiant ≠ afraid 4. emerge ≠ hide 5. unstable ≠ steady

stay

6. weary ≠ wide awake 7. scowl ≠ smile

worst follow

8. prior ≠ afterwards 9. morsel ≠ huge piece 10. rarely ≠ often

24

504 Absolutely Essential Words Lesson 25 Synonym
‫ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺯﻧﺎﺷﻮﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﭼﻤﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻟﺨﺮﺟﻲ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﻼ ﻭ ﺑﺪﺑﺨﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺎﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻘﻴﺐ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻫﻤﺴﺮ‬ designer, a maker, creator marriage life bags, suitcases, gear waste, spend foolishly overseas, out of the country a runaway, escapee a great misfortune, serious trouble a very poor person jealousy, be jealous of fall down, breakdown, ruin bring to court, follow up, carry on having two wives or two husbands at same time rich save

Word architect matrimony baggage squander abroad fugitive calamity pauper envy collapse prosecute bigamy Word possible compel awkward venture awesome guide quench betray utter pacify respond beckon

Antonym

Lesson 26 Synonym
‫ﻣﻤﮑﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﮕﻔﺖﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﻔﺘﻦ‘ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺍﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ able to be, be done, or happen, feasible force, get by force, oblige clumsy, embarrassing, not easily managed dare, undertake, expose to risk astounding, amazing, breath-taking direct, manage put an end to, drawn or put out give up, deceive, mislead, show say, speak, make known; complete calm down, placate react, answer, take action signal, make a gesture, attract

Antonym
impossible graceful, relaxed

protect, withhold partial aggravate ignore dismiss

25

Lessons 25-26
Word acquaintances befall blink compartment embarrassing fate fine fold fort fur glazier graceful heel ignorant infant inheritance jaywalking lather mason medic mob needy plasterer plumber realm serpent sigh sour suspicious thirst trunk tyranny wealth will Synonym ‫ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﭼﺸﻤﮏ ﺯﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺴﻤﺖ‘ ﮐﻮﭘﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻧﻮﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﻳﻤﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺁﻭﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﮊ‘ ﻗﻠﻌﻪ ﻧﻈﺎﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺧﺰ‘ ﭘﻮﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﺸﻪﺑﺮ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺍﺏ‘ ﺩﻭﺳﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺷﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺩﺏ‘ ﺟﺎﻫﻞ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺮﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﻋﺎﺑﺮ ﺑﻲﻣﺒﺎﻻﺕ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺍﺷﮑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﮕﺘﺮﺍﺵ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻧﺸﺠﻮﻱ ﭘﺰﺷﮑﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺎﺯﻣﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﻭﺩﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﻟﻪﮐﺶ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻤﺮﻭ‘ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺰﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻔﺲ ﻋﻤﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺷﮑﺎﮎ‘ ﺑﺪﮔﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻨﮕﻲ‬ ‫ﭼﻤﺪﺍﻥ ﺑﺰﺭﮒ‬ ‫ﺳﺘﻤﮕﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺛﺮﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﻭﺻﻴﺖﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ territory, country reptile exhale noisily resentful dubious, suspect need for liquids box cruelty, totalitarianism possessions, funds poverty sweet trustworthy crowd poor, in need rich impolite, unaware baby, newborn heritage polite attractive, lovely awkward friends happen, occur open and close the eye section, partition awkward, uncomfortable destiny, fortune penalize, punish gather castle relaxed Antonym

give up slow up catch up in favor of turn out

26

504 Absolutely Essential Words

Word despite disrupt rash rapid exhaust severity feeble unite cease thrifty miserly monarch Word outlaw promote undernourished illustrate disclose excessive disaster censor culprit juvenile bait insist

Lesson 27 Synonym
‫ﻋﻠﻲﺭﻏﻢ‬ ‫ﮔﺴﻴﺨﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺵ‘ ﺷﺘﺎﺑﺰﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻣﻼ ﺧﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﺘﻲ‘ ﻭﺿﻮﺡ‬ ‫ﺿﻌﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺤﺪ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﺮﻓﻪﺟﻮ‬ ‫ﺧﺴﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﮑﻪ ﻳﺎ ﭘﺎﺩﺷﺎﻩ‬ in spite of, regardless of upset, cause to break down, disturb hasty, careless very quick, swift empty completely, use up, tire out strictness, plainness, violence weak, frail join together, become one stop, end, finish economical, saving, thriving stingy, like a miser king, queen, ruler

Antonym

careful slow refresh gentleness, warmth strong separate commence spendthrift generous

Lesson 28 Synonym
‫ﻣﻨﻊ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﻳﺎﻏﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻗﻲ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ ﺳﻮﺀ ﺗﻐﺬﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﻼ‘ ﺑﺪﺑﺨﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺍﻥ‘ ﻧﺎﺑﺎﻟﻎ‬ ‫ﻃﻌﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻓﺸﺎﺭﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ an exile, an outcast, a criminal, to declare unlawful help to grow and develop, advance not sufficiently fed, starved show, demonstrate reveal, uncover, make known too much, extreme calamity, great misfortune, tragedy edit offender, criminal, delinquent young, youthful temptation be resolute, be firm

Antonym

healthy hide, conceal conceal moderate success innocent mature, adult

27

Lessons 27-28
Word annoy at stake bother cereal clown coastal common curtain decay delivery descendant exhausted exile frugal good will greedy harshness hasty ivy miserly ought outcast Plague plainness principal regret retreat ruler take for granted torment trait trifles Synonym ‫ﺩﺭ ﺧﻄﺮ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﻠﻪ‘ ﺣﺒﻮﺑﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻘﮏ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺣﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺘﺮﮎ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺑﻴﻦ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺯﻳﻊ‘ ﻓﺮﺳﺘﺎﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺭﺙ‘ ﻧﺴﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﺴﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻭﺍﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻌﻴﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﺻﺮﻓﻪﺟﻮ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻦ ﻧﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻳﺺ‬ ‫ﺧﺸﻮﻧﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﺘﺎﺑﺰﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﭽﮏ‬ ‫ﮐﻢﺧﺮﺝ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻳﺴﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﺮﻭﺩ‬ ‫ﻃﺎﻋﻮﻥ‬ miserable, stingy have to, must exile, pariah nakedness chief, major be sorry back away monarch presuppose, assume pain, suffering mannerism, quality little, bit appreciate pleasure advance generous decompose, perish distribution, sending heir, inheritor tired banishment, deportation thrifty kindness stingy severity speedy, swift spendthrift malice generous gentleness fast refreshed shared private joker, comic at risk, in danger annoy Antonym

use up tire out

Disaster:
"Under the influence of an evil star (dis-aster)"

‫ﻭﺿﻮﺡ‬
‫ﻣﺪﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﺗﺎﺳﻒ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺐ ﻧﺸﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺣﮑﻤﺮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻭ ﺑﺪﻳﻬﻲ ﺩﺍﻧﺴﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﺬﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻮﻩ‘ ﺭﻭﺍﻝ‘ ﮐﻴﻔﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﮐﻢ‘ ﺑﻪ ﺑﺎﺯﻱ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ‬

28

504 Absolutely Essential Words

Lesson 29 Word toil blunder daze mourn subside maim comprehend commend final exempt vain repetition Word depict mortal novel occupant appoint quarter site quote verse morality roam attract Synonym
‫ﮐﺎﺭ ﺳﺨﺖ‘ ﺑﻪ ﺳﺨﺘﻲ ﺣﺮﮐﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺘﺒﺎﻩ ﺍﺣﻤﻘﺎﻧﻪ‘ ﺗﻠﻮﺗﻠﻮ ﺧﻮﺭﺍﻥ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﺞ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﻣﻐﺸﻮﺵ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻇﻬﺎﺭ ﺗﺄﺳﻒ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭﮐﺶ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻝ‘ ﻧﺎﺗﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﮎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ ﻭ ﺗﻮﺻﻴﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﻮﻓﻖ‘ ﻏﺮﻭﺭ ﺑﻴﺠﺎ‬ ‫ﺗﮑﺮﺍﺭ‬ hard work, move with difficulty stupid mistake, stumble, say clumsily confuse grieve, feel or show sorrow for become less, decrease disable, cripple understand, know praise, acclaim, hand over for safekeeping coming last, deciding make free from, freed from unsuccessful reiteration, doing or saying again successful rejoice build up heal denigrate first

Antonym
relaxation

Lesson 30 Synonym
‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻧﻲ‘ ﻣﺮﺩﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﺪﻳﺪ‘ ﺭﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﮏ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺏ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ‘ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﮑﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺧﻮﺍﻧﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﻗﻴﻤﺖﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻪ ﺷﻌﺮ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﻼﻕ‘ ﺧﻮﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺵ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺟﺬﺏ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ portray, show, describe deadly, earthly new, long story tenant, dweller choose for a position, equip or furnish district, region position, location repeat, quotation poems goodness, honesty wander, go about with no special plan draw to oneself, magnetize prose wickedness settle repel reject

Antonym
immortal

29

Lessons 29-30
Word ape beckon bill blow campaign clumsy conscience cram cripple defeat depositor drown estate ethnic fever foe freed Grapes of Wrath grief hill hunger ladder lodge monument mugger mutilate penniless pertain ponderous portray pride rash razor sink sorrow stumble testament thrill thyself virtue volley wander ‫ﻣﻴﻤﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺯﺷﺖ ﻭ ﺷﻠﺨﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﺪﺍﻥ‘ ﺷﻌﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﺎ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‘ ﭘﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻣﻐﻠﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦ‘ ﻣﻠﮏ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻲ‘ ﻓﺮﻫﻨﮕﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺐ‬ ‫ﺩﺷﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺷﻪﻫﺎﻱ ﺧﺸﻢ‬ ‫ﻏﺼﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺳﻨﮕﻲ‬ ‫ﭘﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﻪ ﮐﻮﭼﮏ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺎﻱ ﻳﺎﺩﺑﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺭﻕ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺮﻭﺡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﻘﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺑﻮﻁ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﮕﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﺮﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﺩﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻴﻎ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﻏﺮﻕ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺳﻒ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻮﺗﻠﻮ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺭﮎ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺠﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺕ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﮔﺒﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﻲ‘ ﺗﺎﺧﺖ ﻭ ﺗﺎﺯ‬ sorrow, sadness mount starvation steps small house memorial, tribute robber maim impoverished relate, be relevant heavy show, depict self-respect careless shaver be submerged grief slip evidence, verification excitement yourself good feature torrent, shower lose concentration vice bore float joy light hide careful rich joy valley enemy free friend secure monkey signal proposed law knock fight, struggle awkward sense of right and wrong fill up maim conquest, loss saver, investor die land national, cultural victory dismiss Synonym Antonym

Maim:
"Suggests the loss or destruction of an arm or leg or both"

Mortal:
"mort comes from Latin and means "to die" "

Double Duty Words 1. outlaw (v., n.) 2. venture (v., n.) 3. guide (v., n.) 4. censor (v., n.) 5. bait (v., n.) 6. toil (v., n.) 7. blunder (v., n.) 8. rash (n., adj.) 9. novel (n., adj.) 10. quarter (v., n.) Opposites 1. roam ≠ stay at home 2. undernourished ≠ well-fed 3. disclose ≠ hide 4. rapid ≠ slow 5. pauper ≠ rich person 6. possible ≠ could not happen 7. feeble ≠ strong 8. cease ≠ start 9. excessive ≠ not enough 10. rash ≠ careful

30

504 Absolutely Essential Words

Word commuter confine idle idol jest patriotic dispute valor lunatic vein uneventful fertile Word refer distress diminish maximum flee vulnerable signify mythology colleague torment provide loyalty

Lesson 31 Synonym
‫ﻣﺴﺎﻓﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺒﻮﺱ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﻓﻌﺎﻝ‘ ﺑﻲﺍﺳﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺑﺖ‘ ﻗﻬﺮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻀﺤﮏ‘ ﺧﻨﺪﺍﻧﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﻬﻦﭘﺮﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ‘ ﻧﺰﺍﻉ‘ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺠﺎﻋﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﻮﺍﻧﻪ‬
‫ﺣﺎﻟﺖ ﺭﻭﺣﻲ‘ ﺳﻴﺎﻫﺮﮒ‘ ﺭﮔﻪ‬

Antonym
release working, diligent

traveler, person along for the ride keep in, hold in inactive, lazy, without any good reason statue, hero joke, fun loyal, loving one's country disagreement, quarrel bravery, courage crazy, foolish, insane mood, blood vessel without important or striking happening productive, rich, fruitful

disloyal agreement sensible eventful

‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪ ﻭ ﻣﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﻏﻨﻲ‬

infertile Antonym
fortune increase minimum impervious

Lesson 32 Synonym
‫ﺍﺭﺟﺎﻉ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺷﺎﻧﺴﻲ‘ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺧﻄﺮﻧﺎﮎ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺸﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺳﻴﺐﭘﺬﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻨﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻄﻮﺭﻩﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﮑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﺬﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﺍﻗﺖ‘ ﻭﻓﺎﺩﺍﺭﻱ‬ hand over, direct for information, help or action misfortune, dangerous or difficult situation reduce, decrease greatest possible or amount run away, go quickly, escape capable of being injured mean, be a sign of, have importance myths, folklore, tradition co-worker, associate cause very great pain to, annoy supply, give faithfulness, honesty

pleasure, comfort withhold disloyalty, dishonesty

31

Lessons 31-32
Word alibi argue attendance attitude bleed bunk bury commendation contest cooperate curriculum dean defendant deserve dull fate frontier generation hatch mockery outing pitch primitive rescue rumor rush schedule seam soil spot striking veteran warrior willingly worship wrap wrist ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‘ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ‘ ﺩﻓﺎﻋﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﻧﺮﻳﺰﻱ‬ ‫ﺁﺷﻐﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﻓﻦ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ‘ ﺗﺤﺴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ‘ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﮑﺎﺭﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﺭﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﻴﺲ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ‘ ﻣﺪﻋﻲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺰﺍﻭﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‘ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﮏ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻧﻮﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺯ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﻞ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﺁﻣﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻳﺸﺨﻨﺪ‘ ﺍﺳﺘﻬﺰﺍ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺎﻧﻲ‘ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﻳﻮﺭﺵ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﮔﻪ‘ ﻻﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﮎ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻄﻪ‘ ﺟﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺑﺎﺯ‘ ﺟﻨﮕﺠﻮ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻭﻃﻠﺒﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺕ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﭻ ﺩﺳﺖ‬ timetable layer, vein earth place, site noticeable experienced, expert soldier, fighter voluntarily adoration, veneration package unwrap reluctantly inconspicuous novice merit, be worthy of dark, dim destiny border age group produce, emerge ridicule, scorn day trip, tour playing field prehistoric, ancient free, liberate gossip modern abandon respect bright Synonym reason, explanation, defense reason, make a case presence, attending viewpoint blood loss rubbish inter praise, recommendation competition, accept collaborate syllabus, set of courses Antonym

Lunatic:
"The Romans believed that our minds are affected by the moonluna means "moon" in Latin- and that lunatics grew more crazy as the moon become fuller"

32

504 Absolutely Essential Words

Word volunteer prejudice shrill jolly witty hinder lecture abuse mumble mute wad retain Word candidate precede adolescent coeducational radical spontaneous skim vaccinate untidy utensil sensitive temperate

Lesson 33 Synonym
‫ﺩﺍﻭﻃﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺶﺩﺍﻭﺭﻱ‘ ﻟﻄﻤﻪ ﺯﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﺍﻱ ﺑﻠﻨﺪ‘ ﻧﺎﻓﺬ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺧﻮﺵ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺥ‘ ﺑﺬﻟﻪﮔﻮ‬ ‫ﻣﻤﺎﻧﻌﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﻨﺮﺍﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺀ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻦ ﻣﻦ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻣﻮﺵ‘ ﻻﻝ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﻡ ﮐﻮﭼﮏ ﻭ ﻧﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ‘ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ unpaid helper bias, prejudgment, to harm or injure piercing, high and sharp in sound merry, full of fun amusing, humorous hold back, obstruct speech, scold misuse speak unclearly (indistinctly) silent, unable to speak small and soft mass keep, employ

Antonym
impartiality low sad dull

let go

Lesson 34 Synonym
‫ﮐﺎﻧﺪﻳﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﻲ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺟﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺭﺳﻪ ﻣﺨﺘﻠﻂ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻲ‘ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻮﺩ‘ ﺑﻲﺍﺧﺘﻴﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺮ ﭼﻴﺰﻱ ﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺳﺮﺳﺮﻱ ﻭ ﺳﻄﺤﻲ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮐﺴﻴﻨﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺮﺗﺐ‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ‘ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﺪﻝ‬
‘‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ‬

Antonym
follow adult minor, conservative

applicant head, go before, come first youthful, between 13 to 22 years of age

educating both sexes in the same school
fundamental, extreme unplanned, natural remove from the top, read quickly, glide along inoculate, immunize messy, not neat, not in order instrument, appliance easily affected or influenced moderate indifferent intemperate neat

33

Lessons 33-34
Word banquet burst campaign chimney chuckle consent cruel desperate distinct fierce hazy horror inoculate insult mayor merry mud on the spur of the moment orphanage pan pirate pitch polio privilege rehearsal resign scold soothe stuff tune twinkle vicious whistle ‫ﻣﻬﻤﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻔﺠﺮ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﺒﺶ‘ ﻣﺒﺎﺭﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﻟﻮﻟﻪ ﺩﻭﺩﮐﺶ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺩﻫﺎﻥ ﺑﺴﺘﻪ ﺧﻨﺪﻳﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﺿﺎﻳﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﺭﺣﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻳﻮﺱ‘ ﺧﻄﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺨﺺ‬ ‫ﻭﺣﺸﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮐﺴﻴﻨﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻫﻴﻦ‘ ﻓﺤﺶ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﮔﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﻣﻘﺪﻣﻪ‘ ﻧﺎﮔﻬﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺷﮕﺎﻩ ﻳﺘﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﻲ ﺗﺎﻭﻩ‘ ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺯﺩ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﺍ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺞ ﺍﻃﻔﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ ﻭﻳﮋﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻔﺎ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‘ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ‘ ﺍﻳﺮﺍﺩ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺍﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﭼﭙﺎﻧﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﺤﻦ‬ ‫ﭼﺸﻤﮏ ﺯﺩﻥ‘ ﺑﺮﻕ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺕ‘ ﻓﺮﻳﺎﺩ‬ right practice leave your job tell off calm, pacify fill melody, song gleam, shine cruel shriek good-natured praise excite performance pot, criticize bandit, thief sound praise, applaud happy, cheery sludge, dirt suddenly deliberately miserable Synonym feast, formal meal erupt movement, fight vent, smokestack laugh quietly agree brutal hopeless, serious clear savage, wild unclear terror vaccinate refuse kind hopeful, harmless unclear gentle distinct Antonym

linger on grow up Prejudice: "A person who decides before thinking-out a problem is prejudiced"

34

504 Absolutely Essential Words Lesson 35 Synonym
‫ﻣﺒﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺖﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺳﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ‘ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﺭﺧﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﻭﺝ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻌﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻞ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﺭﺑﻂ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺛﺎﺑﺖ‬ ambiguous raise, lift up gamble, game of chance money gain, attain, be in use moving picture happening, result or outcome throw away, shed aspire, fly upward or at a great height following, later tell, connect in thought or meaning motionless, still moving keep drop preceding lose

Word vague elevate lottery finance obtain cinema event discard soar subsequent relate stationary Word prompt hasty scorch tempest soothe sympathetic redeem resume harmony refrain illegal narcotic

Antonym
definite certainty

Lesson 36 Synonym
‫ﺑﻪ ﻣﻮﻗﻊ‘ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ‘ ﻭﺍﺩﺍﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻳﻊ ﻭ ﺷﺘﺎﺑﺰﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﻄﺢ ﭼﻴﺰﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺳﻮﺯﺍﻧﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻓﺎﻥ‘ ﻣﺰﺍﺣﻤﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺍﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﺪﺭﺩ‘ ﺩﻟﺴﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻥ‘ ﺑﺎﺯﺧﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺑﺎﺭﻩ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬
‫ﻫﻤﺎﻫﻨﮕﻲ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺩﺩﺍﺭﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺪﺭ‬

Antonym
slow, late slow serenity excite unfeeling stop discord persist legal

quick, on time quick, hurried burn slightly, dry up, criticize sharply storm, disturbance calm, pacify kind, kind-hearted release, carry out, pay off recommence, take up again synchronization hold back unlawful, against the law tranquillizer

35

Lessons 35-36
Word ache acquisition ambition avail boast brew curse discount drowse embrace erosion excuse firearm frustration hum hurried incident insane intermission jest lessen mercy mortgage opium platform precious prescribe prompting property resort sentence shed vain wheat ‫ﺩﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺳﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ‘ ﺧﺮﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ‘ ﺑﻠﻨﺪﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻳﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻻﻑ ﺯﺩﻥ‘ ﺍﺩﻋﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺩﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺭ ﻭ ﺍﺫﻳﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﺕ ﺯﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﺁﻏﻮﺵ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﻋﺬﺭ‘ ﺑﻬﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻠﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺗﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﺍﻱ ﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻳﻊ ﻭ ﺷﺘﺎﺑﺰﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻱ‘ ﺗﺼﺎﺩﻑ‬ ‫ﺩﻳﻮﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻔﻪ‘ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺣﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺧﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﻢ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸﺶ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭ‘ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻳﺎﮎ‬ ‫ﺳﮑﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﻮﻳﺰ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻓﺸﺎﺭﻱ‘ ﺍﺻﺮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﮏ‘ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﺨﺎﺏ‘ ﺭﺍﻩ ﭼﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﺣﮑﻢ‘ ﻣﺤﮑﻮﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﻣﺆﺛﺮ‘ ﺑﻲﻓﺎﻳﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﮔﻨﺪﻡ‬ land, belongings option, remedy condemn, decree discard ineffective successful stage valuable recommend worthless pain attainment, purchase goal, aspiration benefit claim prepare annoyance, bother money off be sleepy hug corrosion, wearing down reason gun, weapon aggravation low sound hasty fight, clash lunatic rest joke diminish, reduce forgiveness finance increase leisurely satisfaction wake loss Synonym Antonym

Double Duty Words 1. jest (v., n.) 2. volunteer (v., n.) 3. refrain (v., n.) 4. finance (v., n.) 5. mute (v., n.) 6. torment (v., n.) 7. abuse (v., n.) 8. idle (n., adj., v.) 9. lunatic (n., adj.) 10. prompt (v., adj.) Opposites 1. hasty ≠ slow 2. idle ≠ busy 3. flee ≠ remain 4. mumble ≠ speak clearly 5. jolly ≠ sad 6. elevate ≠ lower 7. discard ≠ keep 8. mute ≠ talkative 9. diminish ≠ grow larger 10. untidy ≠ neat

36

504 Absolutely Essential Words Lesson 37 Synonym
‫ﻭﺍﺭﺙ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺷﮑﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﮐﻮﭼﮏ ﻳﺎ ﮐﻢ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺿﺎﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺯﺷﮑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻓﻤﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺍﺑﮑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﺸﮑﺴﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﻭﻓﺎﺩﺍﺭ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺤﺪ ﻭ ﻳﮑﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻﺗﺮﻳﻦ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ‘ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ‬ inheritor grand, noble, dignified, kingly decrease, shrink excess, extra betrayer intentional, to consider carefully delinquent lack of rain, dryness accept, remain faithful to, dwell, endure unite, make or form into one apex, zenith, meeting attention, notice separate bottom disregard loyalist accidental wetness

Word heir majestic dwindle surplus traitor deliberate vandal drought abide unify summit heed Word biography drench swarm wobble tumult kneel dejected obedient recede tyrant charity verdict

Antonym
humble increase

Lesson 38 Synonym
‫ﺑﻴﻮﮔﺮﺍﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺲ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﻮﺗﻠﻮ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﺪﺍﻱ ﺑﻠﻨﺪ‘ ﻧﻮﻳﺰ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻈﻴﻢ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﻤﮕﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻴﻊ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺐ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ‬
‫ﺣﺎﮐﻢ ﺳﺘﻤﮕﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﺧﻴﺮﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻀﺎﻭﺕ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬

Antonym
dry out

life story soak, wet thoroughly crowd or great number move unsteadily from side to side uproar, noise, violent disturbance or disorder go down on your knees in low spirit, sad willing to obey go back, withdraw cruel ruler aid organization judgment, decision of a jury

cheerful disobedient advance

37

Lessons 37-38
Word accuse appoint arsonist betray charge chin clown comment courteous dignified downpour dwell flag fleet fraternity furious generous grumble hand handful howl ignorant informer intend knee lenient march into miser overlook parachute peg precious reassure rebel recruit regiment reminder rip shrink summon surrender swamp throne uproar ‫ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺏ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺗﺶﺍﻓﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺎﻧﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﻳﻤﻪ‘ ﻫﺰﻳﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻘﮏ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺘﻘﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺩﺏ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺧﺺ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺳﮑﻨﻲ ﮔﺰﻳﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﭼﻢ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻭﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﺖ ﻭ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ‘ ﺁﺗﺸﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺸﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﮑﺎﻳﺖ‘ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺖ‘ ﭼﻨﺪﺗﺎ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻳﻪ‘ ﻓﺮﻳﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺎ ﺁﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﺒﺮﺭﺳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﻧﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﻣﺪﺍﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻫﺠﻮﻡ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺴﻴﺲ‘ ﻣﺎﻝﺍﻧﺪﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﭼﺸﻢﭘﻮﺷﻲ‘ ﺍﻏﻤﺎﺽ‬ ‫ﭼﺘﺮ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺦ‘ ﻭﺻﻞ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺭﺯﺷﻤﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﮕﺮﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻏﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﮐﺎﺭﮔﺮ‬ ‫ﻟﺸﮑﺮ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﮐﻮﭼﮑﺘﺮ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻋﻮﺕ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﺍﺣﻀﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺗﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﺖ‘ ﺳﺮﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﻏﻮﻏﺎ‘ ﺁﺷﻮﺏ‬ chaos, tumult peace nail, attach valuable encourage radical employ, employee troop remembrance tear get smaller call give up grow dismiss retain lay off detach worthless easy-going, moderate attack, invade stingy, collector ignore, neglect generous severe wail, scream, cry unaware, uninformed informant aim, mean irate kind, giving complaint, protest worker calm tight-fisted joker criticism polite distinguished heavy shower reside, inhabit mark navy rude undignified be disloyal to, give up cost, accusation protect Synonym blame, charge assign, choose Antonym dismiss, reject

get on go on pay off make up

38

504 Absolutely Essential Words

Word unearth depart coincide cancel debtor legible placard contagious clergy customary transparent scald

Lesson 39 Synonym
‫ﮐﺸﻒ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﮎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﻣﻨﻄﺒﻖ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﺴﻞ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻫﮑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺎ‘ ﻭﺍﺿﺢ ﻭ ﺷﻔﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﭘﻼﮐﺎﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺮﻱ‘ ﻭﺍﮔﻴﺮﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻠﻐﺎﻥ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ‘ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺷﻔﺎﻑ‘ ﻭﺍﺿﺢ‬ ‫ﺷﺘﺸﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺁﺏ ﮔﺮﻡ‘ ﺳﻮﺧﺘﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺁﺏ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺵ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺨﺎﺭ‘ ﺩﺍﻍ‬ dig up, discover, find out leave, go away, change, die agree, correspond exactly, overlap call off, withdraw, wipe out person who owes something to another able to be read, plain and clear poster, advertisement infectious, transmittable persons prepared for religious work usual see-through, clear burn with hot liquid or steam

Antonym
cover up, bury arrive

illegible

exceptional opaque, unclear

Word epidemic obesity magnify chiropractor obstacle ventilate jeopardize negative pension vital municipal oral

Lesson 40 Synonym
‫ﻫﻤﻪﮔﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻗﻲ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻨﻤﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺳﺎﮊﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﻮﻳﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﺑﺮﻣﻼ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻔﻲ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴﺘﮕﻲ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻲ‘ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻬﻢ‘ ﻣﻬﻠﮏ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺷﻔﺎﻫﻲ‬ widespread extreme fatness cause to make larger than it really is, enlarge massager obstruction, impediment change the air in, discuss openly risk, endanger saying no, minus, showing the lights and shadows reversed retirement fund very important, necessary to life of a city or state, urban spoken, by word of mouth, verbal

Antonym
slenderness shrink

unimportant country, rural written

39

Lessons 39-40
Word absenteeism applicant arthritis assassinate assist barbed blindfold borrow buried chubby convention corpulent ditch drowning embarrassment envoy execution fate fever ignorance interview ladder land lava literal loan lung mutton obese parade possession put down rid riot roast rye scald tears scroll shipment slim stamp stoutness superstition swelter testify turnout vase vertebrae vital wound weight watcher yawning ‫ﻏﻴﺒﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻲ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺗﺮﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﮐﻤﮏ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺩﺍﺭ‘ ﻣﻀﺮ‬ ‫ﭼﺸﻢ ﺑﺴﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺽ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﻔﻲ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﻤﻦ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﺩﺍﻝ‘ ﮐﺎﻧﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﻏﺮﻕ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺭﺍﺣﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻧﻮﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺐ‬ ‫ﻧﺎ ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎﺣﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺩﺑﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺳﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﺪﺍﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺽ‘ ﻗﺮﺽ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺶ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﺷﺖ ﮔﻮﺳﻔﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﭼﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻥ ﺩﻳﺪﻥ‘ ﻣﻴﺪﺍﻥ ﺳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻟﮑﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﮎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺷﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﮐﺒﺎﺏ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﻨﺪﻡ ﺳﻴﺎﻩ‘ ﭼﺎﻭﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺷﮏ ﺣﺴﺮﺕ‬ ‫ﻃﻮﻣﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻻﻏﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺮ‘ ﻧﻘﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻮﻣﻨﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﺍﻓﻪﭘﺮﺳﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺲ ﻋﺮﻕ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﺍﻫﻲ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ‘ ﺭﺃﻱﺩﻫﻨﺪﮐﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﻠﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺮﻩﻫﺎﻱ ﺳﺘﻮﻥ ﻓﻘﺮﺍﺕ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﺍﺣﺖ ﻣﻬﻠﮏ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ ﺭﮊﻳﻢ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺧﻤﻴﺎﺯﻩ ﮐﺸﻴﺪﻥ‬ Synonym absence candidate, interviewee kill, murder help pointed, hurtful have a loan of hidden, concealed fat meeting fat channel going under unease representative killing destiny unawareness put questions to gain, acquire molten rock, magma factual lend beef, lamb fat, stout, corpulent show off, exhibit Antonym attendance

hinder

lend overt slim slim floating calm

knowledge

lose fictional borrow

slim

clear, do away with disturbance bake

roll batch, load slender firmness, strength false notion overheat, roast, boil give evidence, confirm crowd, voters backbone dieter, slimmer

fat

40

504 Absolutely Essential Words

Word complacent wasp rehabilitate parole vertical multitude nominate potential morgue preoccupied upholstery indifference Word maintain snub endure wrath expose legend ponder resign drastic wharf amend ballot

Lesson 41 Synonym
‫ﺧﻮﺩﺧﻮﺍﻩ‘ ﻣﻐﺮﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺒﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﻴﺎ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﻝ ﺷﺮﻑ‘ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻱ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻁ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ‘ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺏ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺘﺎﻧﺴﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺩﺧﺎﻧﻪ‘ ﺑﺎﻳﮕﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺬﻭﺏ‘ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﮐﺶ ﻣﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﺍﻋﺘﻨﺎﻳﻲ‬ took up all attention coverings and cushion for furniture restore to good condition, revitalize conditional freedom, word of honor straight up and down with reference to horizon a great number, a crowd appoint to an office capability of coming into being or action self-satisfied

Antonym

horizontal

Lesson 42 Synonym
‫ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ‘ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻘﻴﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﭼﻴﺰﻱ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‘ ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻔﺎ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺆﺛﺮ‘ ﻗﻮﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ‘ ﻟﻨﮕﺮﮔﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﮔﻪ ﺭﺃﻱ‬ keep, keep up, uphold treat coldly, scornfully or with contempt bear, last, keep on, stand very great anger, rage lay open, uncover, show openly tale, myth consider carefully give up, yield, submit acting with force or violence pier, dock alter, modify, change vote, secret ballot

Antonym

worsen

41

Lessons 41-42
Word afresh ally annihilation assign beset blame brainchild cattle contempt cushion deed donate embarrassing exhausted flame forgery grave heave henchman in the interest of incredible inmate lever literal measures mound notorious parasol pig porch poverty put up rhyme roundup rude scornfully sentence sigh skeptic slayer sofa sprinkler stain sting torture tremble tribe urge velvet weakling ‫ﻣﺠﺪﺩﹰﺍ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﻬﺪﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺎﻃﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺯﻧﺶ ﻭ ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺼﻮﻝ ﻓﮑﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﻫﻠﻲ‘ ﻋﻮﺍﻡﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﻫﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﺶ‘ ﭘﻮﺷﺶ‬ ‫ﻛﺮﺩﺍﺭ‘ ﻋﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺪﺍ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺭﺍﺣﺖ ﮐﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﺴﺘﻪ‘ ﻭﺍﻣﺎﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺯﺑﺎﻧﻪ ﮐﺸﻴﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﻌﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻩ ﮐﺸﻴﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺩﻣﮑﺶ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻧﻔﻊ‬ ‫ﺷﮕﻔﺖﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻨﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﮔﻤﻨﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﭼﺘﺮ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﻙ‬ ‫ﺍﻳﻮﺍﻥ‘ ﺑﺎﻟﮑﻦ‬ ‫ﮐﻤﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﺷﻨﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﻌﺮ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻊ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﺍﺩﺏ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺴﺨﺮﺁﻣﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﮑﻮﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﻩ ﮐﺸﻴﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﮑﺎﮎ‘ ﺷﮏ ﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺗﻞ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻞ‬ ‫ﺁﺑﻔﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻟﮏ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﺶ‬ ‫ﻋﺬﺍﺏ‬ ‫ﺗﮑﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻴﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺻﺮﺍﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﮐﻢ ﺑﻨﻴﻪ‘ ﺿﻌﻴﻒ‬ Synonym again friend total destruction allocate accuse idea domestic animals scorn pillow, shield action give upsetting tired burn, light up imitation tomb haul Antonym enemy protection

Double Duty Words 1. surplus (n., adj.) 2. deliberate (v., adj.) 3. summit (adj., n.) 4. swarm (v., n.)

admiration

5. wobble (v., n.) 6. pension (v., n.)

refreshed original

7. parole (v., n.) 8. ballot (n., v.) 9. negative (n., adj.) 10. snub (v., n.)

astonishing prisoner, convict handle factual hill infamous umbrella terrace, balcony scarcity poem collect impolite contemptuously condemn exhale noisily dubious killer settee blemish torment shake family, ethnic group insist on

unremarkable

Opposites 1. surplus ≠ shortage

fictional

2. heed ≠ refuse to listen 3. unearth ≠ bury 4. magnify ≠ make smaller

famous

surplus

5. amend ≠ leave the same 6. oral ≠ written

disperse polite respectfully

7. depart ≠ arrive 8. unify ≠ split up 9. wrath ≠ happiness 10. kneel ≠ stand up straight

42

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Lesson 1
Word abroad abrupt acceptable acclaim actually adverse advice attractive autonomous disapproval disruptive haphazardly ideal persistent wide Word advanced advantage advent agile albeit allow appealing celebrated contemporary distribute encourage energetic frail refine worthwhile Synonym overseas sudden permissible praise truly unfavorable suggestion appealing independent objection disturbing arbitrarily perfect constant broad Synonym progressive benefit arrival nimble although permit alluring renowned current dispense inspire vigorous fragile perfect rewarding Antonym
gradual unacceptable criticize favorable warning repellent dependent approval systematically feeble narrow persist disapprove disrupt advise attract accept

Verb

Noun
abruptness acceptability acclamation

Adjective

Adverb

☺ ☺ ☺
acclaimed actual abruptly acceptably




adversely attractively autonomously disapprovingly disruptively

☺ ☺
attraction advisable

☺ ☺ ☺
haphazard


disruption haphazardness ideal persistence wideness


ideally persistently widely

☺ ☺ ☺
Adjective

Lesson 2
Antonym
traditional disadvantage departure clumsy forbid repulsive unknown old

Verb
advance

Noun
advancement

Adverb
advantageously agilely allowably appealingly


advantageous

☺ ☺
agility, agileness allowance appeal


allowable


appeal

☺ ☺
strong contaminate worthless

distribution encouragement energy frailty

☺ ☺ ☺ ☺
encouraging

encouragingly energetically

☺ ☺
refined



refinement



1

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Lesson 1
Word allotted aphrodisiac applause applicant artistic assignment attire authority cognitive colony conceive cryptic devastating displeasing distract enthusiastic factual gland incident irrational native negotiate perception perfume plain psychotherapy recognition recruit relinquish rewarding tariff territory therapy virtually vulnerable
‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺹ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰﺍﻧﻨﺪﻩ ﺟﻨﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺿﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ‘ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻌﻤﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻣﻮﺯ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﺮﺍﻥﮐﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺧﻮﺷﺎﻳﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻏﻔﺎﻝ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺘﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻴﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﻏﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺎﺩﻑ‘ ﺭﻭﻳﺪﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﻌﻘﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻠﻲ‘ ﺑﻮﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺍﮐﺮﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺭﺍﮎ‬ ‫ﻋﻄﺮ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺿﺢ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺍﻥﺩﺭﻣﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺪﺍﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻫﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺍﺭﺯﺵ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺮﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻤﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﻗﻌﺎ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﺁﺳﻴﺐﭘﺬﻳﺮ‬

Synonym selected clapping candidate arty project dress power

Antonym

jeering

powerlessness

imagine mysterious destructive distressing sidetrack eager realistic clash, event illogical inhabitant talk insight aroma clear identification employ abandon worthwhile tax region, terrain cure, treatment in danger

straightforward pleasing

fictional

rational foreigner

ambiguous

retain disappointing

2

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Lesson 2
Word abominable carnivorous consequence contemptuous convince curious diet dweller entertainment evolve facilitate interfere involvement jogging laziness poll remote shrimp spectacular splendor swallow tadpole theme tidal trait valley vegetarian wilderness Synonym
‫ﺯﺷﺖ‬ ‫ﮔﻮﺷﺘﺨﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‘ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺎﻧﺖﺁﻣﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻘﺎﻋﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻋﺠﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺭﮊﻳﻢ ﻏﺬﺍﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﮐﻦ ﻳﮏ ﻣﺤﻞ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﮔﺮﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺍﺧﻠﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻱ‘ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺁﻫﺴﺘﻪ ﺩﻭﻳﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺒﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺘﺮﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﮕﻮ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﺷﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺒﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺳﺘﻮ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺯﺍﺩ ﻗﻮﺭﺑﺎﻏﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﺟﺰﺭ ﻭ ﻣﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﻳﮋﮔﻲ‘ ﻣﺸﺨﺼﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﺎﻫﺨﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﺑﺎﻥ‬

Antonym

awful result, importance scornful persuade peculiar regime inhabitant hobby develop, progress ease get in the way contribution run idleness ballot inaccessible wonderful

admiring dissuade ordinary

impede

energy nearby humdrum

topic attribute, feature

wasteland

3

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Lesson 3
Word alter analyze ancient annoying anticipate conform detect enrich intensify intolerable observe ongoing propose restore vital Word ambiguous apparent arbitrary assert astounding astute authorize deceptively determined elicit forbid petition relinquish resilient tempt Synonym modify examine old bothersome predict adapt notice enhance heighten unbearable notice current suggest revitalize indispensable Synonym vague visible haphazard declare astonishing perceptive empower misleadingly resolute extract ban appeal abdicate tenacious entice Antonym
maintain contemporary pleasing contradict annoy annoyance anticipation conformity detection enrichment intensity intolerance observer proposal restoration vitality enriching intensive intensively intolerantly

Verb

Noun
alteration analysis

Adjective
alterable

Adverb
alterably

☺ ☺

☺ ☺
anticipatory

annoyingly

weaken bearable

☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺


observant

finished

☺ ☺ ☺
proposed restored vitally

unimportant


Adjective

Lesson 4
Antonym
clear unclear logical deny stupid forbid honestly irresolute allow retain weak arbitrariness

Verb

Noun
ambiguity

Adverb
ambiguously apparently arbitrarily assertively astoundingly astutely

☺ ☺ ☺
assertive


astound

assertiveness astuteness

☺ ☺
authorized deceptive


deceive determine

authority deception determination elicitation


forbiddingly

☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺

forbidden petition relinquishment resilience temptation


tempting

resiliently temptingly

4

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) Lesson 3
Word archaeologist attribute celestial compensation course dairy deficiency diverse dubious generation interstellar mask miss momentous mosquito nutritional promotional restoration seriousness stoical strict tardiness threshold tutoring Synonym
‫ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺎﻥﺷﻨﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺨﺼﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﺳﻤﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﭘﺮﺩﺍﺧﺖ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺖ‘ ﺍﻟﮕﻮ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺺ‘ ﮐﻤﺒﻮﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻔﺎﻭﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﮑﻮﮎ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﻞ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻦﺳﺘﺎﺭﻩﺍﻱ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺷﺎﻧﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺮﺳﻴﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻄﻴﺮ‘ ﻣﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﭘﺸﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻐﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻠﻴﻐﺎﺗﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻣﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ‘ ﺧﻄﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﺑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﮑﻢ‘ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺁﺳﺘﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺲ ﺧﺼﻮﺻﻲ‬

Antonym

trait, characteristic heavenly repayment direction, pattern defect, shortage different uncertain age group cover fail to attend important dietary repair importance enduring firm delay limit teaching

earthly

perfection, excess similar certain

attend trivial

triviality lenient punctuality

Lesson 4
Word forbid grace herd juxtaposition on behalf of provision resolution seek subsidize suffrage tenure trample treaty wander withdraw witty
‫ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﺑﺪ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺒﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻃﺮﻑ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﻋﺰﻡ‘ ﻗﻄﻌﻨﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﻠﺐ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ ﻣﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺣﻖ ﺭﺃﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺪﺕ ﺗﺼﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﻟﮕﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻫﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﻲ‘ ﮔﻴﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺬﻑ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺥ‬

Synonym bad feeling beauty group combination in support of condition decision, declaration ask for support financially vote occupancy, permanent status walk on pact lose concentration remove humorous

Antonym awkwardness

put in dull

5

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Lesson 5
Word amaze baffle bear block blur brilliant caution challenge delicate enhance intrigue persuade replace shed unique Word chiefly coarse commonplace comparatively complex conventional curious exceedingly exclusively immense indeed rigid routinely sufficiently Visibly Synonym astonish puzzle yield obstruct cloud radiant warn dare fragile strengthen fascinate convince substitute discard rare Synonym mostly rough frequent, standard relatively complicated traditional peculiar extremely restrictively massive truly stiff ordinarily adequately noticeably Antonym Verb Noun
amazement bafflement blockage blur brilliance caution

Adjective
amazing baffling bearable blocked blurred

Adverb
amazingly bearably

clear dull, mediocre

☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺
challenge


cautious challenging

brilliantly cautiously delicately intriguingly persuasively


enhancement intrigue persuasion replacement uniqueness

robust

☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ Lesson 6
enhanced intriguing persuasive replaceable

discourage

common


Adjective
chief

uniquely

Antonym
smooth extraordinary absolutely simple unconventional ordinary partially tiny floppy unusually inadequately

Verb

Noun
coarseness

Adverb

☺ ☺ ☺
coarsely

compare

comparison complexity convention

comparative


conventionally curiously

curiosity exceed exclude excess exclusion immensity

☺ ☺ ☺
excessive exclusive

☺ ☺
immensely

☺ ☺
routine sufficient visionary, visible


rigidly routine suffice view sufficiency vision

☺ ☺ ☺

6

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) Lesson 5
Word orchard advocacy constellation controversial crab critic denture flint hatching imitation meandering ornamental outsider perennial Perseus porcelain shipwrecked solicit status tattooing tropical underestimate Synonym
‫ﺑﺎﻍ ﻣﻴﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻓﺪﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻓﻠﮑﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺚﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺧﺮﭼﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺘﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﻣﺼﻨﻮﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﮓ ﭼﺨﻤﺎﻕ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺟﻪﮐﺸﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻠﺒﻲ‘ ﺑﺪﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺭﭘﻴﭻ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺍﻳﺸﻲ‘ ﺗﺰﻳﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﺟﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺋﻤﻲ‘ ﮔﻴﺎﻩ ﭼﻨﺪﺳﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺳﺎﻭﺵ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﮎ ﭼﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﺸﺘﻲ ﺷﮑﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻳﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻟﮑﻮﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻣﺴﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖ ﮐﻢ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ‬

Antonym

support, promotion debatable detractor, opponent fan, supporter

mock, artificial twisty decorative, attractive foreigner permanent, lasting ceramic ask for, petition for rank, level hot undervalue, miscalculate

real direct native occasional

grant

temperate overestimate

Lesson 6
Word adhere attendance bias comprehend contest convention covet domestic durable gravel homesick infirmary ingenious juggling modest peculiar preconception rival trigonometry tumbling vine Synonym
‫ﭼﺴﺒﻴﺪﻥ‘ ﻫﻮﺍﺧﻮﺍﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺣﻀﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ‘ ﺗﻌﺼﺐ‬ ‫ﻓﻬﻤﻴﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﺑﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻢ‘ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﻤﻊ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻧﮕﻲ‘ ﺍﻫﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺩﻭﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﮕﺮﻳﺰﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﺘﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﺳﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﻼﻕ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺩﺳﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺴﺒﺘﺎ ﮐﻢ‘ ﻓﺮﻭﺗﻦ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﻋﺠﻴﺐ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﻗﺒﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺜﻠﺜﺎﺕ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻠﻖ ﺯﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﺎﻩ ﺑﺎﻻﺭﻭﻧﺪﻩ‬

Antonym

stick presence partiality, favoritism understand competition tradition, meeting home robust, resilient stony, pebbly nostalgic hospital inventive fairly small strange bias match, compete with dropping climbing plant

impartiality

public flimsy

excessive normal

rising

7

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Lesson 7
Word appropriate clarify conceal confirm constantly convenient core critical distort diverse prosperous purposefully reveal scarcely theoretically Word accelerate crack create creep crush cultivate dictate distinguish flaw harvest mirror obtain particle settle transport Synonym proper explain hide prove continually practical, suitable, near chief dangerous deform different
thriving, wealthy

Antonym
inappropriate confuse reveal refute intermittently inconvenient

Verb

Noun
appropriateness clarification concealment confirmation convenience core

Adjective

Adverb
appropriately


confirmed constant

☺ ☺ ☺ ☺
critique


conveniently

stable straighten similar poor conceal

critic, criticism distortion diversity prosperity purpose revelation scarcity theory

☺ ☺
distorted

critically diversely prosperously


diversify prosper

☺ ☺
purposeful revealing scarce theoretical

deliberately disclose hardly hypothetically


revealingly


theorize

☺ ☺
Adverb

Lesson 8
Synonym hasten fracture produce crawl grind grow impose discriminate defect gather reflect gain fragment colonize carry Antonym
slow down destroy

Verb

Noun
acceleration

Adjective


crack


creativeness crush cultivation dictator creative creeping crushing cultivated dictatorial distinguishing flawed harvested obtainable creatively

☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺
harvest

☺ ☺
mirror

lose take off

☺ ☺ ☺ ☺


settlement transportation settled transportable

8

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) Lesson 7
Word accuse adopt continent convenient curriculum cuttlefish deliberately deserve dugout embryonic eventually evolution gill glare husbandry illumination kidney leap mollusk rationing sever sod
‫ﻣﺘﻬﻢ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺩﻳﮏ‘ ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﻼﺑﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﻲ ﻣﺮﮐﺐ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻓﻤﻨﺪﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﺰﺍﻭﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺍﺥ‬ ‫ﺟﻨﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﮑﺎﻣﻞ ﺗﺪﺭﻳﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﺁﺑﺸﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺧﺸﻨﺪﮔﻲ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺵ ﺩﺍﻡ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺷﻨﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﮐﻠﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺵ‬ ‫ﺣﻠﺰﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻬﻤﻴﻪﺑﻨﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﺷﮑﺴﺘﻪ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﭼﻤﻦ‘ ﻗﻠﻤﺮﻭ‬

Synonym charge, blame accept suitable, near syllabus intentionally, purposely merit, be worthy of hollow finally, ultimately development shine, brightness farming lighting jump share out, distribute cut, separate grass,

Antonym reject inconvenient

accidentally

dullness

drop

unite

Lesson 8
Word abide by accomplish advocate anteater blemish enlist (enroll) hobby iridescent legislation lineage opal plague precedent resemble settle slump Synonym
‫ﻭﻓﺎﺩﺍﺭ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺑﻪ‘ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﻓﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﭼﻪﺧﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﺳﻴﺐ ﺭﺳﺎﻧﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻡﻧﻮﻳﺴﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﮔﺮﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺧﺸﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﮕﺬﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺷﺠﺮﻩﻧﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻼ‘ ﺁﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺪﻡ‘ ﺭﻭﺍﻝ‬ ‫ﺷﺒﺎﻫﺖ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺣﻞ ﺍﺧﺘﻼﻑ‬ ‫ﺳﻘﻮﻁ‘ ﮐﺎﻫﺶ‬

Antonym defy opponent

obey do supporter damage sign up pastime, diversion shining family tree trouble, bother pattern look like become calm fall, drop

differ rise

9

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Lesson 9
Word accurate classify currency deep dense depend on dim display exports gigantic impressive lasting treasury uniform vibrant Word distinct dominant dormant drab dramatic elaborate exceptional hazardous minuscule prime rudimentary sensitive superficial terrifying vigorous Synonym precise arrange money thorough thick trust faint exhibit foreign sales enormous imposing enduring bank consistent brilliant Synonym definite major inactive colorless emotional complex phenomenal dangerous tiny prepare basic delicate shallow frightening strong Antonym
inaccurate

Verb

Noun
accuracy classification

Adjective

Adverb
accurately


classified


shallow mistrust light conceal import tiny unimpressive temporary inconsistent dull impress last treasure dim deepen


depth density dependent dimness display

☺ ☺
dependable

deeply densely dependably dimly

☺ ☺
export


exported


impression

☺ ☺ ☺
treasured

gigantically impressively


uniformity vibrance

☺ ☺
Adjective

uniformly vibrantly

Lesson 10
Antonym
indistinct minor active interesting dull straightforward ordinary safe gigantic hazard minutia dramatize elaborate dominate

Verb

Noun
distinction domination dormitory drabness drama elaboration

Adverb
distinctly dominantly drably dramatically elaborately exceptionally hazardously

☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺
minute☺
prime, primed


impervious deep terrify sluggish

prime rudiment sensitivity

vigor

☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺

sensitively superficially terrifyingly vigorously

10

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Lesson 9
Word address addressee aspiration chasm conservative context featured genius glowing inaugural interest intuitive modality monopoly nebulae outstanding pact persuasion postulate prevailing prevalent privileged ravine scope Scotch thistle
‫ﺧﻄﺎﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺎﻃﺐ‘ ﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻔﺲ‘ ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﺷﮑﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻈﻪﮐﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪ‘ ﻣﺸﺨﺼﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺒﻮﻍ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺑﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻓﺘﺘﺎﺣﻲ‘ ﮔﺸﺎﻳﺸﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﻮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻭﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺤﺼﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺳﺤﺎﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺘﺜﻨﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻘﺎﻋﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺽ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﺪﺍﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﻟﺐ‘ ﻣﺘﺪﺍﻭﻝ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ‘ ﻃﺒﻘﻪ ﻣﻤﺘﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻩ ﺗﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﺯﻩ‘ ﻭﺳﻌﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﮑﺎﺗﻠﻨﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﺗﻪ ﺧﺎﺭ‬

Synonym speak to receiver goal opening cautious background characteristic brilliance bright opening benefit perceptive domination exceptional treaty point of view assume popular, general common narrow valley range, scale

Antonym donor

speculative

dull

obtuse

ordinary

rare

11

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Lesson 10
Word adapt adopt adopted son aroma bilateral dart away demise dormitory elaboration elapse entrepreneurs eruption evolve facet feather hull involvement majestic mythology pass away plumage plunge rear skyline skyscraper slither terrifying trust turnpike
‫ﻭﻓﻖ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻮﻝ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﺍﻗﺘﺒﺎﺱ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺴﺮﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻮﻱ ﺧﻮﺵ‬ ‫ﺩﻭ ﻃﺮﻓﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﮐﺖ ﺗﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ‘ ﻣﺮﮒ‬ ‫ﺧﻮﺍﺑﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﻔﺎﻑﺳﺎﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻘﻀﻲ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﺭﻓﺮﻣﺎﻳﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻓﻮﺭﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻓﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻧﻪ ﮐﺸﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﮔﻴﺮﻱ‘ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺷﮑﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﻄﻮﺭﻩﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﺮ ﻭ ﺑﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﺮﺟﻪ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﺐ‬ ‫ﺧﻂ ﺍﻓﻖ‬ ‫ﺁﺳﻤﺎﻧﺨﺮﺍﺵ‬ ‫ﺳﺮ ﺧﻮﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺳﻨﺎﮎ‬ ‫ﻋﻬﺪﻩﺩﺍﺭﻱ‘ ﻣﺴﺌﻮﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻋﻮﺍﺭﺿﻲ‬

Synonym become accustomed accept perfume two-sided death student house clarification pass explosion develop, progress side plume taking part grand, splendid folklore die sink, dive back

Antonym reject

unilateral birth

humble

front

slide frightening responsibility

12

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Lesson 11
Word amenity destroy disperse dwelling element elementary eliminate emphasize encircle erratic exaggerate mention pier prevalent release Word benefit blind broaden burgeon conspicuously demand endorse enormous entirely erode evaporate recover reportedly shift suffer Synonym convenience ruin circulate house component, environment primary delete highlight surround inconsistent overstate remark dock common free Synonym assist unaware enlarge thrive noticeably insist support tremendous thoroughly deteriorate disappear retrieve rumored switch endure Antonym
inconvenience build

Verb

Noun

Adjective
destructive dispersed

Adverb
destructively

☺ ☺ ☺
dwell destruction dweller☺

☺ ☺ ☺ ☺
consistent understate conceal rare hold elimination emphasis

elemental


eliminated emphatic encircled emphatically erratically

☺ ☺ ☺
exaggeration mention exaggerated mentioned


prevalence



☺ Lesson 12
Verb

release

Antonym
suffer aware narrow dwindle inconspicuously request tiny partly

Noun
beneficiary blindness breadth

Adjective
beneficial

Adverb
beneficially blindly broadly

☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺
report


broad burgeoning conspicuous


demandingly enormously

demand endorsement enormity entirety erosion evaporation recovery report

demanding


entire



lose

recoverable, recovered reported shifting suffering


shifty

shift


suffering, sufferer



13

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Lesson 11
Word abode belonging burrow clutter conifers expedition grocery hand-out humorous hurricane intended intent latter mat mediocre objective pad perseverance pier prairie ridicule rugged sanitation satirical ward waterspout whirlwind
‫ﻣﺴﮑﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺭﺍﺥ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﻧﻈﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺮﻭﻃﻴﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺌﺖ ﺍﻋﺰﺍﻣﻲ‘ ﺳﻔﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻘﺎﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻋﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺥ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺪﺑﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﺰﺩ‬ ‫ﻗﺼﺪ‘ ﻧﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﻣﻲ‘ ﺁﺧﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺣﺼﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ‬ ‫ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺩﺭﺯ‬ ‫ﭘﺸﺘﮑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﮑﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﭼﻤﻦﺯﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺨﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﺨﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﮑﺎﻧﺎﺕ ﺑﻬﺪﺍﺷﺘﻲ‘ ﭘﺎﮐﻴﺰﮔﻲ‬ ‫ﻃﻨﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﺨﺶ‘ ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺑﺎﺩ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﺑﺎﺩ‬

Synonym home hole disorder team, journey brochure witty tornado proposed intention, aim last, second pad, wad average, ordinary goal fill determination dock, wharf grassland, plain scorn rough cleanliness humorous region hurricane, tornado

Antonym

former excellent

feebleness

smooth dirtiness

14

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Lesson 12
Word aggressive allege bitter charity defy disband fault former fund harbor infectious inland intrusion invade loose motif oblivious pace retrieve sailor train wear
‫ﺗﺠﺎﻭﺯﮐﺎﺭﺍﻧﻪ‘ ﺧﺸﻦ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﻋﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻠﺦ‘ ﻧﺎﺧﻮﺷﺎﻳﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺧﻴﺮﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺤﻞ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﺑﺠﺎ ﺷﺪﮔﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻠﻲ‘ ﺍﻭﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺪﺭ‬ ‫ﻋﻔﻮﻧﻲ‘ ﻣﺴﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻲ‘ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺎﻭﺯ‘ ﺗﻬﺎﺟﻢ‬ ‫ﻫﺠﻮﻡ ﺑﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﺸﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﺧﺒﺮ‘ ﻓﺮﺍﻣﻮﺷﮑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﮔﺮﺩﺍﻧﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻳﺶ‬

Synonym forceful, violent assert, declare unpleasant aid organization resist break up previous finance transmittable inner invasion attack floppy design unaware, unconscious recover educate abrasion, deterioration

Antonym deny sweet, pleasant obey

exterior

tight conscious lose

15

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Lesson 13
Word dignitary crucial elude evident exhaust extensive extremely face facet hero inaccessible obviously predictably solve suitable Word ample arid avoid defy enact even feign fertile freshly function fundamental indiscriminate selective spacious withstand Synonym notable critical evade apparent deplete, thorough comprehensive, to offer, make longer highly confront aspect idol remote evidently expectedly resolve appropriate Synonym sufficient dry avert resist legislate equitable simulate rich recently role essential arbitrary discriminating expansive survive
cramped perish

Antonym
nobody trivial

Verb

Noun

Adjective

Adverb
critically evidently exhaustively extensively

☺ ☺ ☺
elusiveness evidence exhaustion extension extreme elusive

unclear renew narrow somewhat


exhaustive


extend


extreme faceted heroic☺


heroically inaccessibly

☺ ☺
heroic, heroine accessible
ambiguously

inaccessibility predict prediction solution


obvious predictable

surprisingly
inappropriate

☺ ☺
suitably


suit


Noun Adjective

Lesson 14
Antonym
insufficient humid encourage obey uneven

Verb

Adverb
amply

☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺
fertilize freshen function avoidance enactment evenness fertility, fertilizer freshness avoidable defying enacted

defyingly evenly


feigned

infertile


fresh functional


functionally fundamentally indiscriminately selectively spaciously


selection, selectivity space, spaciousness

secondary select

☺ ☺ ☺ ☺



16

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) Lesson 13
Word cherish cliff commemorative construe criminal deed exemplary exhaustive frivolous frustrate grave implement inconceivable mood avail offensive offer ore portray rearing rigorous ritual sprawl suit summit transitory tricky tyrant
‫ﺧﻮﺏ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﭘﺮﻭﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﺨﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻳﺎﺩ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺴﻴﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﮐﻨﺶ‘ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺴﻴﻦ ﺑﺮﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﻋﻤﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﻓﮑﺮﺍﻧﻪ‘ ﺍﺣﻤﻘﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺍﺭ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‘ ﺟﻠﻮﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﺖ‘ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺗﺼﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻠﻖ ﻭ ﺧﻮ‘ ﺧﺸﻢ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻳﺪﻩ‘ ﻫﺪﻑ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺎﺟﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﺮﺿﻪ‘ ﺗﻌﺎﺭﻑ‬ ‫ﮐﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺑﻴﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﺖ‘ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺘﻲ‘ ﺭﺳﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻲ ﺣﺴﺎﺏ ﻭ ﮐﺘﺎﺏ ﺭﺷﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻓﻖ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺴﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﻗﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﻠﻪﮔﺮﺍﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﮐﻢ ﺳﺘﻤﮕﺮ‬

Synonym appreciate, nourish rock memorial, celebratory interpret convict, villain action, accomplishment admirable thorough thoughtless, silly annoy, prevent serious, severe perform unthinkable, unbelievable frame of mind, anger advantage, purpose attacking suggestion depict train, education hard, severe traditional, formal be fitting meeting temporary crafty dictator

Antonym

shallow responsible encourage, promote minor

equanimity peaceful

innovative clash permanent straight

Lesson 14
Word catastrophe cave detractor fatal flourish glacier inalienable infestation opossum penance penitential rot sustain terrain tribe
‫ﺑﻼ ﻭ ﺑﺪﺑﺨﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻏﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻒ‘ ﻣﻨﺘﻘﺪ‬ ‫ﮐﺸﻨﺪﻩ‘ ﻣﺨﺮﺏ‘ ﻣﻬﻢ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺩﻩ ﻳﺦ ﻏﻠﺘﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺍﻧﮑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻫﺠﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻋﻲ ﺟﺎﻧﻮﺭ ﮐﻴﺴﻪﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺗﻮﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺪﺍﻣﺖﺁﻣﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺳﻴﺪﻥ‘ ﺧﺮﺍﺏ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‘ ﺗﻐﺬﻳﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻤﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﻗﺒﻴﻠﻪ‬

Synonym disaster, calamity critic, enemy deadly, important thrive, grow undeniable invasion, swarm self-punishment, apology decay, deteriorate continue, nourish territory family

Antonym

supporter deteriorate

quit, sap

17

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Lesson 15
Word durable favor gain generate halt handle harbor harmful insignificant mysterious perilous postpone promote reject substantial Word conscientious convey encompass expansion heighten highlight inadvertently inevitable infancy miraculously retrieve systematically unlikely unwarranted zenith Synonym sturdy support, advantageous attain, increase create stop manage shelter unhealthy meaningless baffling dangerous delay boost refuse significant Synonym meticulous communicate include growth intensify emphasize carelessly unavoidable beginning astonishingly recover methodically doubtful unjustified apex Antonym
flimsy

Verb

Noun
durability, duration favor gain generation, generator halt handling harm insignificance mystery, mysteriousness peril

Adjective

Adverb
favorably


favorable, favorite gainful generated halting haltingly


lose

☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺
harm

begin

harmless significant clear safe

☺ ☺ ☺ ☺

harmfully insignificantly mysteriously perilously

☺ ☺
accept insignificant

postponement promoter, promotion rejection substantive☺ substantially

☺ Lesson 16

Antonym
careless

Verb

Noun

Adjective

Adverb
conscientiously

☺ ☺ ☺
expand expansion☺ height highlight inadvertent inevitability infant☺ miracle expandable heightened

contraction lessen purposely avoidable unremarkably lose haphazardly likely justified nadir

☺ ☺


inevitably


infantile miraculous retrieved systematic

☺ ☺



retrieval system

☺ ☺ ☺

18

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Lesson 15
Word arbitration reassure blackout bleach respirator circumstance cosmos cue eloquent extinction lure refugee reschedule sewage smallpox speculate struggle tardiness troupe volunteer
‫ﺣﮑﻤﻴﺖ‘ ﺩﺍﻭﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﮕﺮﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﻣﻮﺵ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻔﻴﺪ )ﻭ ﺑﻲﺭﻧﮓ( ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺳﮏ ﺍﮐﺴﻴﮋﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺿﻌﻴﺖ‘ ﺷﺮﺍﻳﻂ‬ ‫ﮐﻴﻬﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ‘ ﺳﻴﮕﻨﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺷﻴﻮﺍ‘ ﮔﻮﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﮒ‘ ﺍﻧﻘﺮﺍﺽ‬ ‫ﺍﻏﻔﺎﻝ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﻌﻴﺪﻱ‘ ﭘﻨﺎﻫﻨﺪﻩ ﺳﻴﺎﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺧﻴﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﺿﻼﺏ‬ ‫ﺁﺑﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺪﺱ ﺯﺩﻥ‘ ﻓﮑﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻼ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﮐﻮﺷﻴﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺧﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻭﻩ‘ ﺩﺳﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻭﻃﻠﺐ‬

Synonym adjudication, mediation encourage shutdown remove the color, lighten oxygen mask condition, situation universe signal, sign well-expressed, articulate death tempt, entice person in exile postpone manure, dirt guess, think make a great effort lateness, delay group, band unpaid helper

Antonym undermine dye

inarticulate survival

bring forward

punctuality

Lesson 16
Word accomplishment assess career cattle certified congestion conscious displeasure disposal envelope hurricane impersonal inadvertently indoor inevitable infraction pace pharmaceutical slavery unsettled
‫ﻋﻤﻞ‘ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩﮔﻴﺮﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻩ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ‬ ‫ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻧﺎﺕ ﺍﻫﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺴﺪﺍﺩ‘ ﺍﺯﺩﺣﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺁﮐﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺧﺮﺳﻨﺪﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺷﺶ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﺪﺑﺎﺩ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﺳﺮﺩ ﻭ ﺭﺳﻤﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺎﺩﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺧﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﭘﻴﺸﮕﻴﺮﻱ‬ (‫ﻧﻘﺾ )ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ‬ ‫ﮔﺎﻡ‘ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﻭﺳﺎﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺩﻩﺩﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻧﺎ ﺃﺭﺍﻡ‬

Synonym deed, triumph measure livelihood domestic animals formal overcrowding, blocking aware unhappiness throwing away cover tempest, tornado cold, formal, unfriendly accidentally interior unavoidable breaking (law) step, swiftness

Antonym

informal emptiness unaware pleasure retention

friendly purposely outdoor avoidable

disquiet

soothed

19

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Lesson 17
Word agitate confidential delighted discreetly documented gradually influence inordinate instantly intentionally intrinsic inundate involve nominal presumably Word absurd abuse allocation balanced conservation Synonym disturb secret elated cautiously proven steadily affect excessive immediately deliberately inherent overwhelm include moderate supposedly Synonym ridiculous misuse distribution equalized preservation incorrect possible shortage flexible methods thin bias energetic constant fast Antonym
calm unrestricted unhappy indiscreetly unknown rapidly document documentation influence instant accidentally intention, intent

Verb

Noun
confidant delight

Adjective

Adverb
confidentially delightfully


confide


delightful☺ discreet documentary☺ gradual

☺ ☺
inordinately


moderate

influential


instantaneous, instant intentional

☺ ☺
intrinsically


exclude great presume presumption

☺ ☺

inundation involvement involved


presumable

nominally


Adverb
absurdly abusively

Lesson 18
Antonym
reasonable abuse allocate balance destruction conserve

Verb

Noun
absurdity

Adjective


abusive allocated

☺ ☺
balance Conservationist, conservative, conservatism☺ fallacy feasibility



fallacious feasible lack limber means narrow preconception robust steady swift

correct impossible have stiff lack

☺ ☺
lacking

fallaciously feasibly

☺ ☺
narrowness

☺ ☺
preconceived narrowly robustly steadily swiftly preconceive steady

wide impartiality weak intermittent slow


robustness steadiness swiftness

☺ ☺ ☺

20

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Lesson 17
Word alleviate ambition cite commerce decline documentation foundation impression in order ingot intuitive inundated with reports left on their own nomination panic permissiveness projective ratification stimuli, stimulate suggestion underlie unduly vanity verbal weaning
‫ﺗﺴﻬﻴﻞ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﺳﺒﮏ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻠﻨﺪﭘﺮﻭﺍﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﺫﮐﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﺘﻨﺎﻉ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺪ‘ ﻣﺪﺭﮎ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺳﺴﻪ ﺧﻴﺮﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ‘ ﻋﻘﻴﺪﻩ‘ ﺍﺛﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺗﺐ‘ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻤﺶ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﻮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻏﺮﻕ ﺧﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﻣﺎﻥ ﺧﻮﺩ ﺭﻫﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ‘ ﺍﻧﺘﺼﺎﺏ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﺍﺳﻴﻤﮕﻲ‘ ﻭﺣﺸﺘﺰﺩﮔﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺎﻣﺤﻪ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺍﺣﻲ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﻳﺐ‘ ﺗﺄﻳﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺮﮎ‘ ﺑﺮﺍﻧﮕﻴﺨﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺸﻨﻬﺎﺩ‘ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ‘ ﻧﻈﺮﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻨﻪ ﭼﻴﺰﻱ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ‘ ﺑﻲﺟﻬﺖ‬ ‫ﺗﮑﺒﺮ‘ ﻏﺮﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﻔﺎﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﺷﻴﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ‬

Synonym ease, lighten aspiration mention, refer to trade refuse certification, documents charity feeling, notion, effect tidy, correct sensitive, insightful

Antonym aggravate

accept

untidy obtuse

proposal, appointment fright, horror liberalism confirmation, agreement arouse proposal, hint, plan be the cause of excessively pride oral

calm

justifiably humility written

Lesson 18
Word assignment beneath clamp conservative contrary convene corruption grave irate leather legitimate misconception momentarily notion obligation outcome plank reliable stalk straw strut
‫ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ‘ ﺗﺨﺼﻴﺺ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﻨﺪ ﺯﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻒ‘ ﻣﻌﮑﻮﺱ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﮑﻴﻞ ﺟﻠﺴﻪ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﺮﻳﻒ‘ ﻋﺪﻡ ﺻﺪﺍﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﻭﺧﻴﻢ‘ ﺧﻄﺒﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﺧﺸﻤﮕﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﭼﺮﻡ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻧﻲ‘ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﻮﺭ ﻏﻠﻂ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﺁﻧﻲ‘ ﻣﻮﻗﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﻴﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻬﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﻮﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﻳﺎ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﻗﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺼﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺖ‘ ﮔﻴﺮﻩ‬

Synonym appointment below fasten traditional opposing, reverse call together dishonesty serious, important very angry, furious lawful, reasonable fallacy, mistaken belief for a moment, temporarily idea responsibility result, conclusion piece of wood steady

Antonym above avant-garde similar honesty minor calm unlawful, unreasonable fact permanently

unreliable

21

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Lesson 19
Word antiquated coherent develop fabricate investigation normally notice notion novel opposition record relate suspect unbiased varied Synonym old-fashioned logical, sticking together evolve invent probe typically observe concept original resistance register communicate speculate objective diverse
trust partial similar vary variety, variation, variant

Antonym
modern illogical contract

Verb
cohere

Noun
antique coherence, cohesion development, developer fabrication investigator☺ normalization, norm notice

Adjective

Adverb
coherently


cohesive☺ developing fabricated investigative normal noticeable

☺ ☺
investigate

rarely

normalize


noticeably


unoriginal friendliness oppose

☺ ☺ ☺
record, recording, recorder relation, relationship suspect, suspicion opposed recorded

☺ ☺ ☺

related suspected


various, variable☺ variably

Lesson 20
Word accentuate disguise finance initiate innovative narrate nevertheless occasionally omit outlandish overcome partially pass portray submit Synonym emphasize conceal fund launch creative relate nonetheless sometimes neglect bizarre conquer somewhat approve depict propose
frequently care for ordinary surrender completely finish

Antonym
play down reveal

Verb

Noun
accentuation disguise finance, finances initiation, initiative innovator, innovation narrative, narration occasion

Adjective
accentuated disguised financial, financed initiated

Adverb

☺ ☺ ☺ ☺

financially


narrative



occasional omitted


outlandishly partly☺

☺ ☺

omission


part partial passable passage portrayal submission

☺ ☺ ☺

22

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) Lesson 19
Word abbreviation alibi appendage catastrophe clenched fist compensate fabricated hereditary implement inanimate intimate malfunction marginal merger oar primitive prospect sentiment spawn treaty tuition unmanned vertebrate Word amendment application appraisal assertion charter competence craze disguise dissect documentary festive fuse inadvertently initiative mutual omission orphan pharynx pop prank preference proficient provincial rebellious resent resolution seize showmanship throat unanimously virtue voluntary
‫ﺍﺧﺘﺼﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﺿﻤﻴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻼ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺖ ﮔﺮﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺟﺒﺮﺍﻥ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻭﻏﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺭﻭﺛﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‘ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺑﺴﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﺟﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻲ‘ ﺑﻨﻴﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﺷﻴﻪﺍﻱ‘ ﺑﻲﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﻏﺎﻡ‘ ﻳﮑﭙﺎﺭﭼﮕﻲ‬ ‫ﭘﺎﺭﻭ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﻭﻱ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺭﻧﻤﺎ‘ ﭼﺸﻢﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﻢﺭﻳﺰﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻫﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﻮﺯﺵ‘ ﺗﻌﻠﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﻏﻴﺮﻋﺎﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺮﻩﺩﺍﺭ‬

Synonym acronym, contraction reason attachment disaster, calamity untrue inherited, genetic apply lifeless, dead go wrong trivial, unimportant combination ancient, prehistoric view, vision feeling, emotion release eggs pact teaching, training

Antonym

animate crucial separation modern

Lesson 20
Synonym alteration, modification request evaluation, assessment declaration, claim license skill, ability enthusiasm costume documented happy, jolly combine accidentally, carelessly inventiveness, ingenuity non-inclusion Antonym

‫ﺍﺻﻼﺡ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺎﺿﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺍﺩﻋﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺸﻮﺭ‘ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻨﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺒﺤﺮ‘ ﺻﻼﺣﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺭ ﻭ ﺷﻮﻕ‬ ‫ﻟﺒﺎﺱ ﻣﺒﺪﻝ‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻟﺒﺪ ﺷﮑﺎﻓﻲ‘ ﺗﺸﺮﻳﺢ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﺘﻨﺪ‬ (‫ﺷﺎﺩ )ﺟﺸﻦ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﮐﻴﺐ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺎ ﺑﻲﺩﻗﺘﻲ‘ ﺗﺼﺎﺩﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺘﮑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻘﺎﺑﻞ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻗﻠﻢ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻳﺘﻴﻢ‬ ‫ﺣﻠﻖ‬ ‫ﻏﻔﻠﺘﺎ ﻃﺮﺡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﹰ‬ ‫ﺷﻮﺧﻲ‘ ﻓﺮﻳﺐ‬ ‫ﺭﺣﺠﺎﻥ‘ ﻣﻴﻞ‘ ﺳﻠﻴﻘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﺮ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻠﻲ‬ ‫ﻳﺎﻏﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﻧﺠﻴﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻄﻌﻨﺎﻣﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺟﻠﺐ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﻠﻮ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺁﺭﺍﺀ‬ ‫ﻫﻨﺮ‘ ﺣﺴﻦ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﻭﻃﻠﺒﺎﻧﻪ‬

denial inability apathy

sad purposely inclusion

joke, trick favorite, partiality skilful, expert local disobedient, unruly declaration capture, take

indifference incompetent central loyal

goodness intended

wickedness involuntary

23

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Lesson 21
Word decline gather motion partisan pattern phenomena philanthropic placid plentiful reaction rhythm scenic shallow sheltered vanishing Word account archaic hasten hue illustration inactive intricate magnitude oblige overlook poll position practical predominant prompt
*

Synonym decrease, refuse collect movement biased habit events humanitarian clam abundant response pulse picturesque superficial protected disappearing Synonym story ancient accelerate color picture idle complex dimension require disregard survey location functional principal induce

Antonym
increase, accept disperse stillness unbiased

Verb

Noun
decline gathering

Adjective

Adverb

☺ ☺

☺ ☺
pattern


phenomenon☺ philanthropist plenty

patterned phenomenal phenomenally placidly plentifully reactively rhythmically scenically shallowly

nasty agitated scarce

philanthropy

☺ ☺ ☺
reactive, reactionary rhythmic

react


scenery, scene

deep shelter increasing vanish

shallowness shelter

☺ ☺ ☺ ☺
Adjective
accountable

Lesson 22
Antonym Verb
account modern slow down

Noun
accounting, accountant☺

Adverb

☺ ☺
illustrate hastiness hasty illustrated, illustrative hastily


illustrator☺ inaction, inactivity intricacy magnify request keep in mind magnification☺ obligation active simple

☺ ☺
magnificent obliging, obligatory overlooked intricately magnificently obligingly

☺ ☺

polling, pollster☺


impractical minor late, slow practicality predominate, predominance promptness practicable☺ practically predominantly promptly





* the state of changing one's position, to direct by moving

24

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) Lesson 21
Word abound argue armor ballpark bladder blaze comprise conjuring crevice distract endowment estuary heartbeat hemisphere heritage honeybee impressive inhale interview irritation jaw lichen lung monarch nest nodule nutrient offering pension pollen predatory recreational respiratory tract retired rural set aside sleight of hand slender squirrel stick down summit toxin vascular vinegar widespread
‫ﻓﺮﺍﻭﺍﻥ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺤﺚ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺷﺶ ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻆ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺁﺑﺪﺍﻥ‘ ﻣﺜﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺯﺍﻧﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻣﻞ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﻌﺒﺪﻩﺑﺎﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﺷﮑﺎﻑ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺤﺮﻑ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺐ ﺭﻭﺩﺧﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺿﺮﺑﺎﻥ ﻗﻠﺐ‬ ‫ﻧﻴﻤﻜﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻴﺮﺍﺙ‬ ‫ﺯﻧﺒﻮﺭ ﻋﺴﻞ‬ ‫ﺧﺎﺭﻕﺍﻟﻌﺎﺩﻩ‘ ﺟﺬﺍﺏ‬ (‫ﺩﻡ )ﺩﺭ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺗﻨﻔﺲ‬ ‫ﻣﺼﺎﺣﺒﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺣﺴﺎﺳﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﻭﺍﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﮔﻞ ﺳﻨﮓ‬ ‫ﺷﺶ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﮑﻪ‘ ﭘﺎﺩﺷﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﻻﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﻩ ﮐﻮﭼﮏ‘ ﻏﺪﻩ ﮐﻮﭼﮏ‬ ‫ﻣﻐﺬﻱ‬ ‫ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴﺘﮕﻲ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﻧﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺮﻳﺤﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﮕﺎﻩ ﺗﻨﻔﺴﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﻮﻣﻪ ﺷﻬﺮ‬ ‫ﺣﻔﻆ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﺩﺳﺘﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭﻳﮏ ﻭ ﻻﻏﺮ‬ ‫ﺳﻨﺠﺎﺏ‘ ﻣﺎﻝﺍﻧﺪﻭﺯ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﺘﻦ‘ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻗﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﺁﻭﻧﺪﻱ‘ ﻋﺮﻭﻗﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﮐﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﻳﺞ‘ ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺩﻩ‬

Synonym be plentiful reason protective covering approximate burn include sleight of hand gap, crack sidetrack, divert donation, gift

Antonym

exact exclude

inheritance, tradition imposing breathe in talk to chin, jawbone queen, king shield unimpressive exhale

retirement fund entertaining country, rustic save, reserve trickery, conjuring slim accumulator close, stop zenith, apex poison extensive, prevalent urban use up fat open nadir

limited

25

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Lesson 22
Word acquire align altar ambitious brazen bud clerical confine contempt convenient convention curtail earthquake emotional endure exploitation firm flourish foster frontier glory handicap Hispanic intellectual mammal mystify navigation notify obligation obligatory pesticide plea pollster promptness pursuit questionnaire raise raucous reckoning require retain rude script seal signify steer survey temple theme vase wealth
‫ﺑﺪﺳﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﺻﻒ ﺩﺭﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ‘ ﺭﺩﻳﻒ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺬﺑﺢ‘ ﻗﺮﺑﺎﻧﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺟﺎﻩﻃﻠﺒﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﺷﺮﻡ‘ ﺟﺴﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻏﻨﭽﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻓﺘﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﻫﺎﻧﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺎﺳﺐ‬ ‘‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭﺩﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺪﻭﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﻣﻴﻦﻟﺮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺍﻡ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩﺑﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ‘ ﺳﻮﺀ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﺮﻛﺖ‬ ‫ﺭﺷﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺮﻭﻳﺞ ﻭ ﺗﺮﻏﻴﺐ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺯ‬ ‫ﺷﮑﻮﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﺺ‘ ﻧﺎﺭﺳﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﺳﭙﺎﻧﻴﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻔﮑﺮ‘ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻲ‬ ‫ﭘﺴﺘﺎﻧﺪﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﮔﻴﺞ ﻭ ﻣﺒﻬﻮﺕ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻴﺮﻳﺎﺑﻲ‬ ‫ﺍﻃﻼﻉ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻬﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺃﻓﺖﻛﺶ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺳﻨﺞ‘ ﻣﺤﻘﻖ‬ ‫ﻭﻗﺖﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ‘ ﺳﺮﻋﺖ‬ ‫ﻓﻌﺎﻟﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺮﺳﻨﺠﻲ‘ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﺍﻓﺰﺍﻳﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺧﺸﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﺳﺒﻪ‘ ﺗﺨﻤﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺑﻲﺍﺩﺏ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻬﺮ ﻭ ﻣﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻧﻮﺭ‘ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﻭﺭ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺭﺳﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺒﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ‬ ‫ﮔﻠﺪﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﺛﺮﻭﺕ‬

Synonym obtain arrange in a line grand, impressive shameless, bold blossom, flower office restrict, limit scorn suitable pact, resolution limit sensitive last utilization, misuse company thrive, grow promote, encourage border grandeur thinker, logical bewilder, baffle direction-finding give notice responsibility required, requisite insect killer petition, request researcher speed activity survey, opinion poll elevate, increase rough, wild calculation, estimate oblige, compel employ impolite writing indicate, show maneuver, guide review, investigation place of worship, sanctuary subject, topic bud vase riches

Antonym lose unimpressive discreet

admire inconvenient extend

deteriorate discourage

voluntary

slowness drop, lower soft

polite

poverty

26

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Lesson 23
Word analogous approximately compel formidable intrusive periodically prone prophetic proportions readily reliably reluctantly renown sacrifice triumph Synonym similar to around oblige overwhelming annoying sometimes inclined to predictive dimensions freely dependably hesitatingly prominence concession achievement Synonym economical pollute detectable thriving preserve average insignificant similar strange powerful exceptional dispersed steady slight monotonous
reluctantly unreliably willingly ready rely prophesy prophecy, prophet

Antonym
different exactly

Verb
approximate

Noun
analogy approximation

Adjective

Adverb


approximate compelling


compellingly formidably intrusively


intrude frequently intrusion, intruder periodical

☺ ☺
periodic, periodical


prophetically proportionally, proportionately

☺ ☺
proportional, proportionate ready reliable, reliant reluctant renowned sacrificial triumphant, triumphal


readiness reliability, reliance reluctance

☺ ☺ ☺
triumphantly

☺ ☺
failure triumph sacrifice


Noun
contamination discernment maintenance mediocrity

Lesson 24
Word affordable contaminated discernible flourishing maintain mediocre negligible Antonym
prohibitive pure

Verb
afford contaminate discern flourish

Adjective

Adverb
affordably discernibly

☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺
neglected, neglectful, negligent

destroy excellent significant


neglect

neglect, negligence

negligibly


peculiarly remarkably solidly tediously

parallel peculiar potent remarkable scattered solid somewhat tedious

dissimilar normal weak ordinary

parallel peculiarity

scatter solidify interesting solidification tedium

☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺

27

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) Lesson 23
Word alliance appliance binding buoy ceremonially deploy extravagant fraud fulfill girth mermaid mortal moss offend omen ornately readiness scale sprite truce trunk undertake voyage
‫ﺍﻋﺘﻤﺎﺩ‘ ﺗﻮﺍﻓﻖ‘ ﻣﻌﺎﻫﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻭﺳﻴﻠﻪ‘ ﺍﺑﺰﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﻻﺯﻡ‘ ﺍﺟﺒﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺷﻨﺎﻭﺭ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺻﻒﺃﺭﺍﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻣﻌﻘﻮﻝ‬ ‫ﻛﻼﻫﺒﺮﺩﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺁﻭﺭﺩﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂ‘ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯﻩ ﮐﻤﺮ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻱ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻧﻲ‘ ﻣﺮﺩﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺧﺰﻩ‬ ‫ﺁﺯﺭﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺎﻝ‘ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺍﺳﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺁﻣﺎﺩﮔﻲ‬ ‫ﻓﻠﺲ‘ ﭘﻮﻟﮏ‬ ‫ﺟﻦ‘ ﭘﺮﻱ‬ ‫ﺁﺗﺶﺑﺲ‬ ‫ﺗﻨﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻬﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﺑﻪ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺳﻔﺮ‬

Synonym agreement, treaty machine necessary, obligatory float arrange exaggerated deception satisfy thickness, breadth deadly, earthly hurt somebody's feelings sign, prophecy handsomely

Antonym voluntary

restrained length immortal

ceasefire, peace accept journey, trip relinquish

Lesson 24
Word afford anxiety ascertain beast belt burden clawed coral snake culture debris delirious disappointing dromedary equator frustrate genus horn hump integrity interest peculiar renovate ruminant salmon sluggish snout sparse throng trek venom wage Synonym
‫ﺍﺯ ﻋﻬﺪﻩ ﺑﺮﺁﻣﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﮕﺮﺍﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﭼﻬﺎﺭﭘﺎ‘ ﺣﻴﻮﺍﻥ‬ ‫ﻛﻤﺮﺑﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﭘﻨﺠﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺮﺟﺎﻥ ﻣﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻴﻂ ﮐﺸﺖ‬ ‫ﺁﺷﻐﺎﻝ‘ ﻧﺨﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﻫﻴﺠﺎﻥ ﺯﺩﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺄﻳﻮﺱﮐﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺷﺘﺮ ﻛﻮﻫﺎﻥﺩﺍﺭ‬ ‫ﺧﻂ ﺍﺳﺘﻮﺍ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﻛﺎﻡ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻮﻉ‘ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺥ‬ ‫ﮐﻮﻫﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺳﺘﻲ‘ ﺑﻲﻋﻴﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻬﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﺤﺼﺮ ﺑﻪ ﻓﺮﺩ‬ ‫ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﺸﺨﻮﺍﺭ ﮐﻨﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﻫﻲ ﺁﺯﺍﺩ‬ ‫ﮐﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﺯﻩ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺍﮐﻨﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺍﺯﺩﺣﺎﻡ‬ ‫ﺳﻔﺮ ﺩﻭﺭ ﻭ ﺩﺭﺍﺯ‬ ‫ﺳﻢ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺘﻤﺰﺩ‬

Antonym reassurance

nervousness determine, find out animal load

rubbish, waste excited unsatisfactory

satisfactory

type, kind honesty benefit special restore, remodel slow-moving nose thin multitude, swarm journey poison, toxin salary dishonesty universal

dense few antidote

28

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Lesson 25
Word briefly circulate consistently exhibit found improperly infrequently impulsively isolated overtly profoundly sharply situated subsequently unmistakable Word chaotic characteristic controversial exemplify gratifying interpret launch legitimate particular radiant ridge span spontaneous stream striking Synonym concisely distribute dependably display establish inappropriately rarely capriciously secluded openly significantly quickly located afterwards indispensable Synonym disorganized typical debatable symbolize satisfying clarify initiate authentic specific bright crest cover instinctive river remarkable
properly frequently deliberately nearby covertly insignificantly slowly sharpen situate debatable profundity sharpness situation isolate

Antonym
at length

Verb

Noun
brevity circulation consistency exhibit, exhibition, exhibitor foundation, founder impropriety infrequency impulse, impulsiveness isolation

Adjective
brief circulatory consistent

Adverb

☺ ☺


inconsistently conceal consist

☺ ☺

improper infrequent impulsive

☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺
unmistakably


overt profound sharp


subsequent

☺ Lesson 26
Verb
characterize

Antonym
organized uncharacteristic indisputable

Noun
chaos Characteristic, characterization controversy gratification, gratefulness interpreter, interpretation, interpreting launch, launching legitimacy radiance, radiation, radiator

Adjective

Adverb
characteristically controversially gratefully

☺ ☺ ☺
exemplary


disappointing confuse gratify



☺ ☺

finish unlawful vague dull

☺ ☺ ☺

legitimately particularly radiantly

☺ ☺
stream ordinary span spontaneity

☺ ☺

spontaneously strikingly



29

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) Lesson 25
Word acquaintance assimilate astrology bat cedar wood colossal concerning contend crown eclipses engage erect extinct fleeting frog fund indisputable lingua franca malicious monologue outlying outstanding pidgin presumed proclaiming provided for recognition resort satirical societal soliloquy timber tongue torch
‫ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﻫﻤﮕﻮﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻃﺎﻟﻊﺑﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﺧﻔﺎﺵ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻭ‬ ‫ﻋﻈﻴﻢﺍﻟﺠﺜﻪ‬ ‫ﺭﺍﺟﻊ ﺑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺝ‬ ‫ﮐﺴﻮﻑ‬ ‫ﺟﻠﺐ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﭘﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻨﻘﺮﺽ ﺷﺪﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻳﻊ ﻭ ﮔﺬﺭﺍ‬ ‫ﻭﺯﻍ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﺤﺚ‬ ‫ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﺠﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺪﺧﻮﺍﻩ‬ ‫ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﺗﮏﻧﻔﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﺕ‘ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﮐﺰ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﺳﺖ ﻭ ﭘﺎ ﺷﮑﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻲ‘ ﻓﺮﺿﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻁ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻧﮑﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺼﺪﻳﻖ‬ ‫ﺗﻔﺮﻳﺤﮕﺎﻩ‘ ﭘﺎﺗﻮﻕ‘ ﭼﺎﺭﻩ‬ ‫ﻫﺠﻮ‘ ﻣﺴﺨﺮﻩ‬ ‫ﺟﻤﻌﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﮏﮔﻮﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﭼﻮﺏ‘ ﺗﻴﺮ‬ ‫ﺯﺑﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﻌﻞ‬

Synonym familiarity, friendship adjust, fit in

Antonym ignorance

gigantic relating to, about assert, declare outshine absorb build, create died out transitory finance unmistakable malevolent soliloquy remote exceptional supposed announcement credit remedy mocking, humorous group, public monologue wood language

tiny

living permanent debatable kind, benevolent abysmal

Lesson 26
Word accomplishment bald bankruptcy belong captivate civic diligent ethnic exemplary flavor intellectualization itinerant mount obscure prolific quarry relief trucking
‫ﺍﺗﻤﺎﻡ‘ ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻃﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻭﺭﺷﻜﺴﺘﮕﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻌﻠﻖ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺬﻭﺏ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺷﻬﺮﻱ‘ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﻮﺷﺎ‘ ﺳﺎﻋﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﻮﻣﻲ‘ ﻧﮋﺍﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺳﺮﻣﺸﻖ‘ ﺍﻟﮕﻮ‬ ‫ﻃﻌﻢ‬ ‫ﻋﻘﻼﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺳﻴﺎﺭ‘ ﺩﺭ ﺑﻪ ﺩﺭ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻻ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﻬﻢ‘ ﻧﺎﻣﻌﻠﻮﻡ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ ﺗﺄﻟﻴﻔﺎﺕ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ‘ ﻣﻮﻟﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﻣﻌﺪﻥ ﮐﻨﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺴﮑﻴﻦ‘ ﻧﻘﺶ ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﺒﺎﺩﻟﻪ‬

Synonym finishing, achievement hairless economic failure charm civil, public hard-working tribal, racial model, representative taste brain power traveling climb, ascend vague productive mine, extract

Antonym

private lazy

emotion descend obvious unproductive

30

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Lesson 27
Word aptly involuntarily demonstration ingredients marvel measurable moderate odd reflection supposedly sustained symbols synthesis tangible tightly Word aggravating amusement conceivably convert curative debilitating deplete finite perceive security toxic tranquility trap undeniably underestimated Synonym appropriately automatically display elements wonder assessable medium, to reduce strange image presumably consistent marks combination concrete firmly Synonym irritating diversion possibly alter healing weakening consume limited observe safety poisonous peacefulness retain absolutely miscalculated
danger harmless uproar release overestimated tranquilize

Antonym
inappropriately willingly concealment

Verb

Noun
aptness

Adjective
apt involuntary demonstrative, demonstrable marvelous

Adverb

☺ ☺
demonstrably

demonstrate

☺ ☺ ☺

marvelously measurably moderately oddly reflected

indeterminate

measure moderate

measurement moderation oddity

☺ ☺ ☺
supposed

ordinary reflect actually temporary suppose sustain symbolize synthesize intangible loosely tighten


supposition sustenance


symbolically synthetically tangibly


symbolic synthetic

☺ ☺
tangibility tightness


tight


Adverb
amusingly

Lesson 28
Antonym
soothing unimaginably injurious growing infinite debilitate

Verb
aggravate amuse conceive

Noun
aggravation

Adjective


amusing conceivable convertible


conversion cure debility depletion perception





☺ ☺
depleted

☺ ☺
secure

☺ ☺
toxicity perceptive, perceivable secure perceptively, perceivably securely tranquilly


tranquil trapped undeniable


trap


underestimate





31

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) Lesson 27
Word commentary conquest contemplation defeat deity deprive dirigible dissertation embody essay hearsay imitation inscription lobe locust mercilessly mighty overthrow prey punctuation rebel relief scanty sculpture snap speculative supposition sustain thresh yardstick
‫ﺭﺳﺎﻟﻪ‘ ﺗﺤﻠﻴﻞ‬ ‫ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯﻱ‬ ‫ﺍﻧﺪﻳﺸﻪ‘ ﺗﻔﮑﺮ‬ ‫ﺷﮑﺴﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺑﺖ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺳﻔﻴﻨﻪ ﻓﻀﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﺳﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺑﺮﺍﺯ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﻳﻌﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﻠﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻛﺘﻴﺒﻪ‬ ‫ﭘﺮﻩ‘ ﺗﮑﻪ‬ ‫ﻣﻠﺦ‬ ‫ﺻﺒﻌﺎﻧﻪ‬ ‫ﻗﺪﺭﺗﻤﻨﺪ‬ ‫ﻣﻀﻤﺤﻞ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻴﺪ‬ ‫ﻧﻘﻄﻪﮔﺬﺍﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻃﻐﻴﺎﻥ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﺳﻮﺩﮔﻲ‘ ﺭﻫﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﮐﻢ‬ ‫ﻣﺠﺴﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﮔﻬﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻘﺮﻳﺒﻲ‬ ‫ﮔﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺍﺯ ﭘﻮﺳﺖ ﺩﺭﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ‘ ﮐﻮﺑﻴﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﻴﺎﺭ‬

Synonym essay, analysis victory thought overcome idol airship thesis, essay represent, exemplify dissertation rumour, gossip writing cruelly powerful remove from power victim go up against release very little statue sudden approximate guess suffer measure

Antonym defeat lose provide

fact

kindly weak

abundant considered definite

Lesson 28
Word bristle chronic conducive conservationist coral reef credit debility dump dynasty embed facade freight inconclusive incubation infection mild mold ostensible porpoise priest scholar sore throat successive tender
‫ﻣﻮ‘ ﭘﺮﺯ‬ ‫ﺛﺎﺑﺖ‘ ﺑﻲﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺎﻓﻆ‬ ‫ﺻﺨﺮﻩ ﻣﺮﺟﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ‘ ﺗﺤﺴﻴﻦ‬ ‫ﺿﻌﻒ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻞ ﺩﻓﻦ ﺯﺑﺎﻟﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻣﭙﺮﺍﻃﻮﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﻭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﻇﺎﻫﺮ‘ ﻧﻤﺎ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻤﻮﻟﻪ ﺗﺠﺎﺭﻱ‬ ‫ﺳﻮﺍﻝ ﺑﺮﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺟﻪﻛﺸﻲ‘ ﻧﻬﻔﺘﮕﻲ‘ ﺗﮑﻮﻳﻦ‬ ‫ﻋﻔﻮﻧﺖ‘ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﮔﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﻼﻳﻢ‬ ‫ﻛﭙﮏ‬ ‫ﻇﺎﻫﺮﻱ‘ ﻭﺍﺿﺢ‬ ‫ﮔﺮﺍﺯ ﺩﺭﻳﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﻛﺸﻴﺶ‘ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﻘﻖ‬ ‫ﮔﻠﻮ ﺩﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﻣﺘﻮﺍﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺩﺭﺩﻧﺎﮎ‬

Synonym hair constant, unceasing favorable environmentalist praise, acclaim weakness waste disposal site reign, empire insert shipment, goods questionable contamination soft superficial, apparent clergy researcher following painful

Antonym acute

blame strength

conclusive harsh real

32

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)

Lesson 29
Word acknowledge acquire assimilate assortment caliber condensed contradictory disregard precious prominent requisite unravel vague vast volume Word charisma clever convince endure forfeit precarious severe sporadic superior wanton weak widespread wisdom witticism woo Synonym recognize attain incorporate selection quality summarize inconsistent ignore cherished renowned demanded separate unclear huge quantity Synonym appeal astute persuade persevere relinquish hazardous intense erratic exceptional senseless ineffective extensive insight humor attract Antonym
deny lose

Verb

Noun
acknowledgment acquisition assimilation

Adjective
acknowledge acquisitive assorted

Adverb

☺ ☺ ☺
condense contradict

☺ ☺
full consistent heed worthless unknown require, requisition prominence requirement, requisition unraveling vagueness contradiction disregard

☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺
voluminous prominently




clear small

vaguely vastly voluminously

☺ Lesson 30
Antonym
stupid

Verb

Noun

Adjective
charismatic

Adverb
cleverly convincingly


cleverness


convincing endurable, enduring

☺ ☺
continue safe gentle regular inferior strong limited foolishness repel weaken

endurance forfeit severity superiority weakness



☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺ ☺
wise witty

precariously severely sporadically wantonly weakly wisely wittily


wit, wittiness☺



33

Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) Lesson 29
Word acquisition aspiration assorted attribute bind breed concede consciousness craft discount draft inventory merchant monetary obligation possession pronounced prudent refuge reign reside ritualistic rug sentimental subordinate trespass tuck away Word ally contingent decree erosion fine intimacy matriarchal omnipresence outspoken proprietor propulsion raid rigorous shrewd soundness stem surveillance tabloid tentacle transaction waver
‫ﺩﺳﺘﺎﻭﺭﺩ‬ ‫ﺁﺭﺯﻭ‬ ‫ﺟﻮﺭ ﻭﺍﺟﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺸﺨﺼﻪ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺩﺍﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺯﺍﺩ ﻭ ﻭﻟﺪ‬ ‫ﺍﻋﻄﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﻟﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺁﮔﺎﻫﻲ‬ ‫ﺣﺮﻓﻪ‘ ﭘﻴﺸﻪ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﻔﻴﻒ‬ ‫ﻃﺮﺡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺻﻮﺭﺕ ﻣﻮﺟﻮﺩﻱ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺯﺭﮔﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﭘﻮﻟﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﻬﺪ‬ ‫ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻳﻲ‘ ﻣﺎﻟﮑﻴﺖ‬ ‫ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪ‘ ﺁﺷﮑﺎﺭ‬ ‫ﻣﺤﺘﺎﻁ‘ ﺑﺎ ﺩﻗﺖ‬ ‫ﭘﻨﺎﻫﮕﺎﻩ‬ ‫ﺳﻠﻄﻨﺖ‬ ‫ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ‬ ‫ﺁﻳﻴﻨﻲ‬ ‫ﻗﺎﻟﻴﭽﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺳﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺎﺑﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﺨﻠﻒ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﺗﺠﺎﻭﺯ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‬ ‫ﺗﻮ ﮔﺬﺍﺷﺘﻦ‘ ﺳﺎﺳﻮﻥ‬

Synonym gaining hope various characteristic oblige reproduce grant, give up awareness expertise, skill reduction, money off outline, sketch out list, record trader financial responsibility ownership distinct, marked careful, cautious shelter, sanctuary rule, empire be located in ceremonial carpet emotional secondary intrude put in, place Synonym friend dependent, conditional law, declaration wearing down punishment, penalty closeness, familiarity universal frank property owner forward motion attack, invasion hard, exact astute, clever accuracy observation business hesitate

loss

Antonym

die off unconsciousness

reckless

main

Lesson 30
‫ﺩﻭﺳﺖ‘ ﻫﻢﭘﻴﻤﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻭﺍﺑﺴﺘﻪ‘ ﻣﺤﺘﻤﻞ‬ ‫ﺣﮑﻢ‘ ﻓﺮﻣﺎﻥ‬ ‫ﻓﺮﺳﺎﻳﺶ‬ ‫ﺟﺮﻳﻤﻪ‬ ‫ﻧﺰﺩﻳﮑﻲ‘ ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺎﺩﺭﺳﺎﻻﺭ‬ ‫ﺟﻬﺎﻧﻲ‘ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﺭﮎ‬ ‫ﺻﺎﺣﺐ ﺍﻣﺘﻴﺎﺯ‬ ‫ﺭﻭ ﺑﻪ ﺟﻠﻮ‬ ‫ﺗﻬﺎﺟﻢ‬ ‫ﺳﺨﺖ‘ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ‬ ‫ﺯﻳﺮﮎ‬ ‫ﺻﺤﺖ‬ ‫ﻧﺎﺷﻲ ﺷﺪﻥ‬ ‫ﻧﻈﺎﺭﺕ‬ ‫ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﻣﺼﻮﺭ‬ ‫ﺷﺎﺧﮏ ﺣﺴﺎﺱ‬ ‫ﻣﻌﺎﻣﻠﻪ‬ ‫ﺩﻭﺩﻝ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ‬

Antonym enemy

tactful

naive

34

‫‪English Grammar‬‬

‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ )‪(Present Simple‬‬
‫‪I/we/you/they do‬‬ ‫‪He/she/it‬‬ ‫‪does‬‬ ‫.‪1- I drive a bus‬‬ ‫.‪2- She looks after patients‬‬ ‫?‪3- What do you do‬‬
‫١‐ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﭼﻴﺰﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﮑﺮﺭ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻣﻲﺍﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺭﻭﺩ.‬
‫‪I do‬‬

‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬

‫ﺣﺎﻝ‬

‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬

‫.‪The earth goes around the sun‬‬

‫٢‐ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﻲ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﮐﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﻢ.‬
‫.‪I get up at 6 o’clock every morning‬‬

‫٣‐ ﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﺍﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻳﮏ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﮐﺎﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻲﺩﻫﻴﻢ.‬
‫‪I promise/ I apologize/ I advise/ I insist/ I agree/ I refuse … etc‬‬

‫٤‐ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﻢ.‬
‫.‪John isn’t lazy. He works hard most of the time‬‬

‫٥‐ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻲ ﮐﻪ "‪ "think‬ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻱ ﻓﮑﺮ ﻭ ﻋﻘﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﮐﺮﺩ.‬
‫.‪I think Mary is Canadian, but I’m not sure‬‬

‫٦‐ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ ‪ See, hear, smell, taste‬ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ )ﻭ ﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ( ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺑﺮﻳﻢ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ .‪ can‬ﻫﻢ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﮐﻨﻴﻢ. ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻝ‬ ‫ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﻳﮏ ﺷﺨﺺ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻲﺭﺳﺪ )‪ (look‬ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﭼﻪ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺳﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ )‪ (feel‬ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﻢ.‬
‫)‪Do you see that man over there? (not Are you seeing‬‬ ‫?‪I can hear a strange noise. Can you hear it‬‬ ‫.‪You look well today. Or You’re looking well today‬‬

‫1‬

English Grammar

(Present Continuous) ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ‬
Am/is/are + ---ing 1- I am trying to work 2- She is driving to work 3- Are you enjoying the party?
.‫١‐ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻴﻦ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻳﮏ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﻢ. ﻣﺎ ﮐﺎﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﮐﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﺮﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬
Kate wants to work in Italy, so she is learning Italian. I am doing

‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬

‫ﺣﺎﻝ‬

‫ﺁﻳﻨﺪﻩ‬

.‫ ﻭ... ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺩ‬today/this week/ this year ‫٢‐ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ‬
You are working hard today. (not You work hard today.)

:‫٣‐ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺗﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﮏ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺭﺥ ﻣﻲﺩﻫﺪ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺑﺮﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺯﻳﺮ‬ get, change, become, increase, rise, fall, grow, improve, begin, start
Is your English getting better? (not Does your English get better?)

.‫٤‐ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻟﺘﻬﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻮﻗﺘﻲ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺑﺮﻳﻢ‬
I’m living with some friends until I find a place of my own.

:‫٥‐ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﻧﻤﻲﮔﻴﺮﻧﺪ‬ like, love, hate, want, need, prefer, know, release, suppose, mean, understand, believe, remember, belong, fit, contain, consist, seem .‫" ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻱ "ﻓﮑﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ" ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﮐﺮﺩ‬think" ‫٦‐ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻲ ﮐﻪ‬
I’m thinking about what happened.

2

English Grammar

(Present Perfect) ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ‬
I/we/you/they have done He/she/it has done 1- I have lost my key. 2- She has forgotten my name. 3- We have seen the film.
.‫*ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺨﺸﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﻢ‘ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺑﺮﻳﻢ‬ .

a period until now
‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺣﺎﻝ‬
Have you ever eaten caviar? (in your life)

Recently In the last few days Since breakfast
Have you heard from Brian recently?

‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬

‫ﺣﺎﻝ‬

.‫١‐ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﻴﻢ "ﭼﻴﺰﻱ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ" ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻻ ﻳﮏ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ‬ ‫ﹰ‬
Police have arrested two men in connection with the robbery.

.‫٢‐ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ. ﻋﻤﻠﻲ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪﺍﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ‬
Is Sally here? No, she has gone out. (=she is out now.)

‫ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺑﺒﺮﻳﻢ‬yet ‫ ﻭ‬just, already. ‫٣‐ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ‬
Just = a short time ago Already= happened sooner than expected Are you hungry? No, I have just had lunch. What time is Mark leaving? He’s already gone.

Yet= until now. Speaker is expecting something to happen. Use yet only in questions and negative sentences. Has it stopped raining yet? I have written the letter, but I haven’t sent it yet.

been (to) ‫ ﻭ‬gone (to) ‫٤‐ ﻓﺮﻕ‬
Jim is on holiday. He has gone to Italy. (=He is there now or on his way there) Jane is back home now. She has been to Italy. (=She has now come back)

.‫ ﻭ ... ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺑﺒﺮﻳﻢ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﺮﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ‬today/this evening/this year ‫٥‐ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ‬
I haven’t seen Tom this morning. Have you?

:‫.٦‐ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﻴﻢ: ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﭼﻴﺰﻱ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻣﻲﺍﻓﺘﺪ‬
It’s the first time he has driven a car.

3

English Grammar

(Present Perfect Continuous) ‫ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ‬
I/we/they/you He/she/it have been doing has been doing 1- I’ve been looking for you everywhere. 2- She’s been working very hard. 3- We’ve been waiting for an hour.
.‫١ ‐ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺧﻴﺮﹰﺍ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻲ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺑﺮﻳﻢ. ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ‬

I have been doing
‫ﺣﺎﻝ‬
I have been talking to Amanda about the problem and she agrees with me.

.‫ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺑﺮﻳﻢ. ﻋﻤﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻲ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ‬how long, for … and since ‫٢‐ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ‬
How long have you been learning English? (=you’re still learning English)

.‫٣‐ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻃﻲ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﺍﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﮑﺮﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ )ﻭ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ( ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺑﺒﺮﻳﻢ‬
Debbie is a very good tennis player. She’s been playing since she was eight.

‫“ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻣﺎﺳﺖ. ﻣﻬﻢ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ‬She has been painting the ceiling”‫ﻧﮑﺘﻪ ١: ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﻴﻢ‬ .‫“ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ‬She has painted the ceiling” :‫ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻪ. ﺍﻣﺎ ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﻴﻢ‬ ‫ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ )ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻋﻤﻠﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ( ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺑﺮﻳﻢ. ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻋﻤﻠﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ‬how long :٢ ‫ﻧﮑﺘﻪ‬ .‫ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﻢ‬how much, how many or how many times ‫ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ‬
How long have you been reading the book? How much of that book have you read?

‫ ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ‬mean ‫ ﻭ‬want ‫ ( ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﻤﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ. ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ‬know/like/believe ‫٤‐ ﺑﻌﻀﻲ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ )ﻣﺜﻞ‬ .‫ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺑﺒﺮﻳﻢ‬
I’ve known about it for a long time. (not I’ve been knowing) I’ve been meaning to phone Jane, but I keep forgetting.

.‫ ﻓﻘﻂ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﻢ‬always ‫ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﮐﺮﺩ. ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ‬work ‫ ﻭ‬live ‫٥‐ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ‬
Julia has been living/ has lived in Paris for a long time. I’ve always lived in the country. (not I’ve always been living)

‘I haven’t done something since/for… :‫٦‐ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﻴﻢ‬
I haven’t seen Julia since Monday.

4

English Grammar

(Past Simple) ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ‬
I/we/you/they did He/she/it did 1- I enjoyed the film. 2- She passed her examination. 3- Did you go to the cinema?
.‫– ﺧﺘﻢ ﻧﻤﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬ed ‫– ﺧﺘﻢ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ. ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﻲﻗﺎﻋﺪﻩ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻪ‬ed ‫۱‐ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻪ‬
The police stopped me on my way home last night. I went to the cinema three times last week.

.‫ ﺍﺳﺖ‬was/were ‘ be (am/is/are) ‫۲‐ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬
I was angry because they were left.

(Past Continuous) ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ‬
I/ he/she/it We/you/they was doing were doing
I was doing I finished doing 1- I was watching TV when you arrived. 2- She was walking home when she met Dave. 3- We were looking for you when you were in bathroom.

I started doing

‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬

‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬

‫ﺣﺎﻝ‬

.‫١‐ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺘﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﺮﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﻢ‬
I waved to Helen, but she wasn’t looking.

.:‫٢‐ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻲ ﺣﻴﻦ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺑﺮﻳﻢ‬
It was raining when I got up.

:‫ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻲ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﻢ‬
I was walking along the road when I saw Dave. So I stopped and we had a chat.

.‫( ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﻤﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬want ‫ ﻭ‬know ‫٣‐ ﺑﻌﻀﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ )ﻣﺜﻞ‬
We were good friends. We knew each other well. (not We were knowing) I was enjoying the party, but Chris wanted to go home. (not was wanting)

5

English Grammar

(Past perfect) ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ‬
I/we/they/you He/she/it
1- I had made a big mistake. 2- She had gone home. 3- We weren’t hungry. We had just had lunch. .‫١‐ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﻤﻠﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﮐﻨﻴﻢ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﻢ‬

had done had done

When Sarah arrived at the party, Paul had already gone home.

:‫٢‐ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﻭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ‬
Who is that woman? I’ve never seen her before. I didn’t know she was. I’d never seen her before.

:‫٣‐ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ‬
Kate wasn’t at home when I phoned. She was at her mother’s house. Kate had just got home when I phoned. She had been at her mother’s house.

(Past perfect Continuous) ‫ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ‬
I/we/they/you He/she/it had been going had been doing
1- I’d been working hard all day. 2- She’d been living there only a short time. 3- We’d been playing football.

.(‫۱‐ ﻣﺎ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻴﻢ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻲ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ )ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ‬
We’d been playing tennis for about half an hour when it started to rain heavily.

:‫٢‐ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﻭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ‬
James is out of breath. He has been running. James was out of breath. He had been running.

:‫٣‐ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﻭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ‬
Cathy was sitting in an armchair resting. She was tired because she’d been working very hard.

.‫ ( ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﻤﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ‬like ‫ ﻭ‬know ‫٤‐ ﺑﻌﻀﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ )ﻣﺜﻞ‬
We were good friends. We had known each other for years. (not had been knowing)

6

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