Word abandon keen jealous tact oath vacant hardship gallant data unaccustomed bachelor qualify Word corpse conceal dismal frigid inhabit numb peril recline shriek sinister temp wager
Lesson 1 Synonym
ﺭﻫﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺣﺴﺎﺱ ﺣﺴﻮﺩ ﮐﺎﺭﺩﺍﻧﻲ ﻗﺴﻢ ﺧﺎﻟﻲ ﺳﺨﺘﻲ ﺷﺠﺎﻉ ﺍﻃﻼﻋﺎﺕ ﻧﺎﻣﺄﻧﻮﺱ ﻣﺠﺮﺩ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺗﻮﺍﻧﺎﻳﻲ desert, quit, give up, leave sharp, eager, intense, sensitive wanting what someone else has ability to say the right thing a promise that something is true, a curse empty, not filled difficulty, something that is hard to bear brave, showing respect for women facts, information not used to something a man who has not married become fit, show that you are able
Lesson 2 Synonym
ﺟﻨﺎﺯﻩ ﭘﻨﻬﺎﻥ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﮏ ﻭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﺳﺮﺩ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﻲﺣﺲ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺗﮑﻴﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻓﺮﻳﺎﺩ ﺷﺮﻭﺭ ﺍﻏﻔﺎﻝ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺷﺮﻁ a dead body, usually of a person hide, disguise dark and depressing very cold live in without power of feeling, deadened danger lie down, stretch out, lean back scream evil, wicked, dishonest, frightening try to get someone to do something reveal
Word typical minimum scarce annual persuade essential blend visible expensive talent devise wholesale Word vapor eliminate villain dense utilize humid theory descend circulate enormous predict vanish
Lesson 3 Synonym
ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﮐﻤﺘﺮﻳﻦ ﮐﻤﻴﺎﺏ ﺳﺎﻻﻧﻪ ﻣﺘﻘﺎﻋﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺿﺮﻭﺭﻱ ﻣﺨﻠﻮﻁ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺭﺅﻳﺖ ﮔﺮﺍﻧﻘﻴﻤﺖ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﻃﺮﺡ ﻋﻤﺪﻩ usual, of a kind the lowest amount hard to get, rare once a year win over, convince, make willing necessary, very important mix together thoroughly, a mixture able to be seen costly, high-priced natural ability think out, plan, invent in large quantity, less than retail in price
Word tradition rural burden campus majority assemble explore topic debate evade probe reform Word approach detect defect employee neglect deceive undoubtedly popular thorough client comprehensive defraud
Lesson 5 Synonym
ﺭﺳﻮﻡ ﺣﻮﻣﻪ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺑﺎﺭ ﻣﺤﻮﻃﻪ ﺩﺍﻧﺸﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﮐﺜﺮﻳﺖ ﮔﺮﺩﺁﻭﺭﻱ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻮﺿﻮﻉ ﻣﻨﺎﻇﺮﻩ ﻃﻔﺮﻩ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﻖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ beliefs, opinions, customs in the country load, what is carried grounds of a college, university or school greater part, more than half get together, bring together go over carefully, examine subject that people think, write… controversy, discussion get away from by trickery or cleverness investigate, search into improve, make better
urban, city, town
minority disperse, demolish
face, confront worsen
Lesson 6 Synonym
ﻧﺰﺩﻳﮏ ﺷﺪﻥ ﭘﻴﺪﺍ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻧﻘﺺ ﮐﺎﺭﮔﺮ ﺻﺮﻓﻨﻈﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﮔﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻄﻤﺌﻨﺎ ﹰ ﻣﺮﺩﻣﻲ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﻣﺸﺘﺮﻱ ﺟﺎﻣﻊ ﺗﻘﻠﺐ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ come near or nearer to find out, discover, perceive fault, that which is wrong wage-earner, member of staff give too little care or attention to mislead certainly, beyond doubt liked by most people complete, deep customer including much, covering completely cheat, take money,… away by cheating
take on set rules get up stay up look into Silent majority:
criminal, villain committee region, province client, consumer trade, business polite, moral take away sidetrack, divert hesitation, uncertainty give the right, name drive out, eject partiality, preference team, squad clue, intimate, imply blameless, guiltless check, assessment walk lamely, hobble goods, commodities forgiveness, pity chaotic, disordered sarong, kilt polite, gallant admiration, tribute make believe, feign careless, hasty, rash savior, liberator rebel, protester destroy, wreck irony, ridicule severe, important quiet, still, hushed small, trivial shovel backbone
armlet brake pedal office livelihood
"Fault; to quit a country, a political party, or a cause"
discourteous, decadent provide
Double Duty Words 1. abandon (v., n.)
504 Absolutely Essential Words Lesson 7 Synonym
ﺗﺄﺧﻴﺮ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ ﺣﺠﻴﻢ ﮐﭙﺴﻮﻝ ﻣﺤﻔﻈﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﺤﮑﻮﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻳﮑﺘﺎ ﺳﻴﻞ ﺭﻧﺠﻴﺪﻥ ﻣﺰﺍﺣﻤﺖ ﻏﻤﮕﻴﻦ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻲ ﻧﺸﺪﻩ delay, put off a later time agree to, accept bulky, immense a small case or covering keep safe, protect, continue express strong disapproval of, condemn rare, having no like or equal any violent, rushing stream, flood feel injured and angered at (something) disturb, interfere with and trouble, bother dark, dim, in low spirits unexpected, not known beforehand
bring forward, advance dissent, disagree , refusal tiny, minute, compact destroy, end support ordinary, common, usual trickle accept, like bright, happy, cheerful
Lesson 8 Synonym
ﺍﻏﺮﺍﻕ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺁﻣﺎﺗﻮﺭ ﻣﺘﻮﺳﻂ ﮔﻮﻧﺎﮔﻮﻥ ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺯﻧﺪﻩ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﻣﺮﻣﻮﺯ ﻣﺸﻬﻮﺭ ﺍﻣﻦ ﺣﺠﻴﻢ ﻧﺎﺍﻣﻴﺪ ﻭﺍﺿﺢ overstate not professional ordinary, average lack of sameness, a number of different things sound, true, supported by facts or authority live longer than, remain alive after mysterious, unearthly, very strange well-known, celebrated, renowned freedom from danger, care or fear taking up much space, large unwilling, hesitant easily seen or understood, plain
Word attic attorney clue condemn conqueror constitution couple cousin crew district entertainment feature flu foreman give up grand haunted horrible illness incurable journey lumberjack measures miss pleasure quit rush slaughter sound spy squad stamp strict truck violent violet Synonym ﺍﺗﺎﻕ ﺯﻳﺮ ﺷﻴﺮﻭﺍﻧﻲ ﻭﮐﻴﻞ ﺳﺮﻧﺦ، ﻣﺪﺭﮎ ﻣﺤﮑﻮﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻓﺎﺗﺢ، ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯ ﻗﺎﻧﻮﻥ ﺍﺳﺎﺳﻲ ﺯﻭﺝ‘ ﻭﺻﻞ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﭘﺴﺮ ﻳﺎ ﺩﺧﺘﺮ ﻋﻤﻮ ﻭ ﺩﺍﻳﻲ ﺧﺪﻣﻪ ﺑﺨﺶ، ﻧﺎﺣﻴﻪ ﺳﺮﮔﺮﻣﻲ ﺟﻨﺒﻪ، ﻟﺤﺎﻅ ﺁﻧﻔﻮﻻﻧﺰﺍ ﺳﺮﮐﺎﺭﮔﺮ ﺭﻫﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ، ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺑﺎﺷﮑﻮﻩ ﺟﻦﺯﺩﻩ ﻣﺨﻮﻑ، ﻣﻬﻴﺐ ﺑﻴﻤﺎﺭﻱ ﻋﻼﺝﻧﺎﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﺳﻔﺮ ﭼﻮﺏﺑﺮ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺍﺯ ﺩﺳﺖ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ، ﺧﻄﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻟﺬﺕ، ﺧﻮﺷﻲ ﺭﻫﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺣﺮﮐﺖ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ، ﻳﻮﺭﺵ ﻗﺘﻞ‘ ﮐﺸﺘﺎﺭ ﺳﺎﻟﻢ، ﺩﺭﺳﺖ ﺟﺎﺳﻮﺱ ﺩﺳﺘﻪ‘ ﺗﻴﻢ ﻣﻬﺮ، ﻧﻘﺶ ﺳﺨﺖ، ﻣﺤﮑﻢ، ﺍﮐﻴﺪ ﻭﺍﮔﻦ ﺳﺨﺖ، ﺷﺪﻳﺪ‘ ﺻﺒﻌﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﻨﻔﺶ kill, murder unfailing, good secret agent, emissary, mole group, team stomp severe, rigorous wagon, articulated vehicle brutal, vicious bluish-purple friendly, peaceful lenient unsound lose enjoyment, delight give up take displeasure take up quit, abandon impressive, excellent ghostly, worried dreadful, terrible sickness, disease not curable, untreatable trip, voyage, travel pleasant good health continue poor team, squad, troop region, area diversion, hobby, amusement aspect, characteristic influenza upper floor lawyer, advocate evidence, sign denounce defeater, victorious instrument of government pair, combine separate commend Antonym
put off take on
"In ancient times: man preserved woman from slaughter in order to work for the conqueror"
"Something that met you on the way"
504 Absolutely Essential Words Lesson 9 Synonym
ﻫﻤﺴﺎﻳﮕﻲ ﻗﺮﻥ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﭘﺮﻭﻧﺪﻩ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺑﺪﻭﻥ ﺷﮏ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻣﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﮐﻤﺒﻮﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻧﮑﺮﺩﻥ ﭼﺎﻟﺶ ﻣﻴﻨﻴﺎﺗﻮﺭ ﻣﻨﺒﻊ neighborhood, region near a place 100 years violent anger text, manuscript end, finish, decide not to be denied act against, strive against, oppose have not enough pay no attention to, disregard call to fight, dare small scale place from which something comes abundance, sufficiency pay attention to gigantic, enormous start, commence, extend
Word vicinity century rage document conclude undeniable resist lack ignore challenge miniature source Word excel feminine mount compete dread masculine menace tendency underestimate victorious numerous flexible
Lesson 10 Synonym
ﺑﻬﺘﺮ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺯﻧﺎﻧﻪ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺗﺮﺳﻴﺪﻥ ﻣﺮﺩﺍﻧﻪ ﺗﻬﺪﻳﺪ ﺗﻤﺎﻳﻞ ﺩﺳﺖ ﮐﻢ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﭘﻴﺮﻭﺯ ﻣﺘﻌﺪﺩ ﻣﻨﻌﻄﻒ be better than, do better than of women or girls get up on be a rival or contestant fear greatly, causing great fear of man, male threat, warning leaning, movement in a certain direction misjudge, miscalculate, see too low conquering very many, several easily bent, willing to yield
504 Absolutely Essential Words Lesson 11 Synonym
ﻣﺪﺭﮎ ﺗﻨﻬﺎ ﺑﻴﻨﺎﻳﻲ ﻣﮑﺮﺭ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﮔﺬﺭﺍ ﺣﺎﺿﺮ ﺩﻫﻪ ﻣﺮﺩﺩ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﻣﺰﺧﺮﻑ ﻧﺒﺮﺩ ﺍﻗﻠﻴﺖ ﺍﻓﺴﺎﻧﻪ proof, affirmation alone, single, only power of seeing, sense of sight easily broken, delicate a short, quick view; glance current, new, latest 10 years be doubtful, fail to act quickly ridiculous, foolish disagreement, direct opposition less than half, smaller part legend agreement, peace, harmony majority fact, truth old, former sturdy sociable, busy
Word evidence solitary vision frequent glimpse recent decade hesitate absurd conflict minority fiction Word ignite abolish urban population frank pollute reveal prohibit urgent adequate decrease audible
Lesson 12 Synonym
ﺁﺗﺶ ﺯﺩﻥ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺷﻬﺮﻱ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ ﺭﮎ ﺁﻟﻮﺩﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﻣﻨﻊ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻬﻢ ﮐﺎﻓﻲ ﮐﺎﻫﺶ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺷﻨﻴﺪﻥ set on fire put an end to city, town people of a city or country truthful, not hiding what’s in one’s mind make dirty make known, show, display forbid by law or authority, ban important, necessary sufficient, enough make or become less heard, hearable
8. frequent (v., adj.) 9. conflict (v., n.) 10. dread (v., adj.) Opposites 1. consent ≠ refuse 2. valid ≠ untrue 3. ignite ≠ get off 4. reveal ≠ hide 5. urgent ≠ not important 6. victorious ≠ beaten 7. survive ≠ die 8. mount ≠ put out 9. prohibit ≠ allow 10. miniature ≠ large
sensible mildly ridiculous
504 Absolutely Essential Words Lesson 13 Synonym
ﺭﻭﺯﻧﺎﻣﻪﻧﮕﺎﺭ ﻗﺤﻄﻲ ﺍﺣﻴﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺗﻴﺰﺑﻴﻦ‘ ﻫﻮﺷﻴﺎﺭ ﺗﺸﺨﻴﺺ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﻣﻬﺎﺟﺮﺕ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﮐﺸﺘﻲ‘ ﺭﮒ ﭘﺎﻓﺸﺎﺭﻱ ﻣﻪﺁﻟﻮﺩ ﺑﺎﺭﻗﻪ ﺳﺮﺩﺑﻴﺮ newspaperman starvation, great shortage bring back or come back to life begin, start quick to notice, watchful recognize, distinguish emigrate, relocate a ship, vein continue firmly, preserve misty, fogy, unclear a flash or beam of light give up, desist, stop clear finish, end, conclude inattentive, dreamy
come in interest in throw out get into thrust into
"Probably comes from the Latin rivus (stream), who lives across the river"
504 Absolutely Essential Words Lesson 15 Synonym
ﮔﺴﺘﺮﺵ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﺎﻟﻎ ﻣﻘﺪﺱ ﺗﺠﺪﻳﺪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻗﻮﻝ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺗﺼﺎﺩﻓﻲ ﺗﻌﻘﻴﺐ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻖ ﺧﻮﺵﺷﺎﻧﺲ ﭘﻴﺸﺮﻭ ﺧﻼﻕ increase in size, enlarge, swell make different, change, vary ripe, grown-up holy, blessed, worthy of respect change, alter, bring up to date promise happening by chance, not planned follow, proceed along in complete agreement, consent lucky, having good luck developer, innovator fresh, clever, having new idea flee, avoid
Word expand alter mature sacred revise pledge casual pursue unanimous fortunate pioneer innovative Word slender surpass vast doubt capacity penetrate pierce accurate microscope grateful cautious confident
Lesson 18 Synonym
ﺗﺮﺍﮊﺩﻱ ﭘﻴﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﮕﺎﻩ ﺍﺟﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﺑﻮﺩﺟﻪ ﭼﺎﻻﮎ ﻣﺪﻳﺮﻳﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﻲﺩﻗﺖ ﺗﺮﺳﻨﺎﮎ ﺩﻳﻮﺍﻧﻪﻭﺍﺭ ﺣﺮﻑ ﺯﺩﻥ ﺍﻗﺘﺼﺎﺩﻱ ﺭﻭﻏﻦﮐﺎﺭﻱ ﺑﺎﻫﻮﺵ disaster, a sad play walker, person on foot glimpse, a quick look financial plan agile, quick direct, control careless, hasty, rash horrible, terrible, frightful talk wildly not wasting time or money oil, grease clever, inventive perusal joy
suck up take in grow up come up/out/into stay on linger on
"Charge customers by figuring out"
"A place for protect a person made out of bushes or woods"
504 Absolutely Essential Words Lesson 21 Synonym
ﺩﺭﺧﻮﺍﺳﺖ ﺧﺴﺘﻪ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺗﺎﻳﻴﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﭘﻴﺶﺑﻴﻨﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﺸﮑﻞ ﺣﺎﺩ ﺭﺍﻩ ﻓﺮﻋﻲ ﺷﺎﻳﺴﺘﮕﻲ ﻓﺮﺳﺘﺎﺩﻥ ﺁﺳﺎﻥ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﭘﻴﭽﻴﺪﻩ request, appeal tired crash, come together with force make certain, prove confirm, prove to be true predict, expect problem, a difficult choice a roundabout way goodness, worth, value send over, pass on make less, release, ease, replace puzzle, confuse exacerbate disadvantage refreshed refute disprove
Lesson 22 Synonym
ﻧﮕﻬﺒﺎﻥ ﺍﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻋﺎﺩﻻﻧﻪ ﻣﺠﺮﻡ ﺭﺩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﺤﺮﻭﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺯﻥ ﻳﺎ ﺷﻮﻫﺮ ﺣﺮﻓﻪ ﻧﺎﭘﺎﻳﺪﺍﺭ ﻗﺘﻞ ﺗﻨﺒﻴﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺫﻳﻨﻔﻊ keeper, guard admit to be true fair dealing, impartiality an offender, criminal refuse take away from by force wife or husband occupation, profession not firmly fixed murder, slaughter punish, set a penalty for recipient steady deny
injustice law-abiding accept
Word abound beneath benevolent benign bewildered brand bull burglar clerk collision commit consent defiant emerge face fair dealing fright guilty harshly horn inmate insurance jail just conducting liberty mayor multitude nephew niece policy promotion pursue rural sentence strange thorough unpleasant villain vivid weird wound yell ﺑﻪ ﻭﻓﻮﺭ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺯﻳﺮ ﻣﻬﺮﺑﺎﻥ‘ ﺑﺨﺸﻨﺪﻩ ﻣﻬﺮﺑﺎﻥ‘ ﺧﻮﺵ ﻗﻠﺐ ﮔﻴﺞ‘ ﻣﺒﻬﻮﺕ ﻧﻮﻉ‘ ﮔﻮﻧﻪ‘ ﻟﮑﻪﺩﺍﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﮔﺎﻭ ﻧﺮ ﺩﺯﺩ‘ ﺳﺎﺭﻕ ﮐﺎﺭﻣﻨﺪ ﺗﺼﺎﺩﻑ‘ ﺑﺮﺧﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ‘ ﻣﺮﺗﮑﺐ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺟﺴﻮﺭ‘ ﻣﻘﺎﻭﻡ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﺁﻣﺪﻥ ﺭﻭﺑﺮﻭ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﻣﻨﺼﻔﺎﻧﻪ ﺗﺮﺱ‘ ﻫﺮﺍﺱ ﮐﻨﺎﻫﮑﺎﺭ ﺑﺎ ﺧﺸﻮﻧﺖ ﺷﺎﺥ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻧﻲ ﺑﻴﻤﻪ ﺯﻧﺪﺍﻥ ﻋﺎﺩﻻﻧﻪ ﺭﻓﺘﺎﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻱ ﺷﻬﺮﺩﺍﺭ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﭘﺴﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺮ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭ ﺩﺧﺘﺮ ﺧﻮﺍﻫﺮ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﺩﺭ ﺧﻂ ﻣﺸﻲ‘ ﺍﺳﺘﺮﺍﺗﮋﻱ ﺣﻤﺎﻳﺖ‘ ﭘﺸﺘﻴﺒﺎﻧﻲ ﺩﻧﺒﺎﻝ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺣﻮﻣﻪ ﺷﻬﺮ ﺗﻌﻴﻴﻦ ﻣﺠﺎﺯﺍﺕ ﻋﺠﻴﺐ‘ ﻏﺮﻳﺐ ﻋﻤﻴﻖ‘ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﻧﺎﺧﻮﺷﺎﻳﻨﺪ ﺷﺮﻭﺭ ﺭﻧﮕﺎﺭﻧﮓ‘ ﻣﻠﻮﻥ ﻣﺮﻣﻮﺯ ﺁﺳﻴﺐ‘ ﺟﺮﺍﺣﺖ ﻓﺮﻳﺎﺩ ﺯﺩﻥ plan, strategy endorsement, help follow country, rustic judgment, punishment odd, bizarre, peculiar complete, deep unlikable criminal, outlaw colorful strange injury, cut shout, shriek dull normal normal partial pleasant urban large number prisoner, convict assurance prison fair dealing freedom, autonomy suppression crash, accident perform, carry out approval, permit disobedient, rebellious come out stand in front of just conduct fear, terror, panic blameworthy, at fault unkindly, strictly biased bravery innocent gently refusal obedient thief, robber Synonym be plentiful, thrive under, below generous, kind benevolent, kind confused, baffled kind, type Antonym above malevolent malignant
turn in weary of take off pass on/along deprive of set up
"Facing with two choices, each equally unpleasant"
"All words beginning with bene speak only of good, for that is what this prefix means"
504 Absolutely Essential Words Lesson 23 Synonym
ﺧﺰﻧﺪﻩ ﺑﻪ ﻧﺪﺭﺕ ﻣﻨﻊ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻨﻄﻘﻲ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﭘﻴﺶ ﺭﻓﺘﻦ ﺍﻗﺪﺍﻣﺎﺕ ﺣﻔﺎﻇﺘﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﺨﺮﺍﺝ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻘﺪﻡ ﺩﺭ ﺁﻏﻮﺵ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺷﺠﺎﻉ ﺟﺰﺋﻲ snakes, lizards, turtles, alligators,… hardly ever, seldom, not often prohibit, ban, make a rule against reasonable, rational show, display go on, move forward, progress preventative measure, foresight pull out, elicit, draw out earlier, former hug, hold in your arms brave, courageous incomplete, fractional cowardly complete not often allow illogical recede
Word reptile rarely forbid logical exhibit proceed precaution extract prior embrace valiant partial Word fierce detest sneer scowl encourage consider vermin wail symbol authority neutral trifle
Lesson 24 Synonym
ﻭﺣﺸﻲ ﻧﻔﺮﺕ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﻣﺴﺨﺮﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺍﺧﻢ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺩﺭ ﻧﻈﺮ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺣﺸﺮﺍﺕ ﻣﻮﺫﻱ ﮔﺮﻳﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﺎ ﺻﺪﺍﻱ ﺑﻠﻨﺪ ﺳﻤﺒﻞ‘ ﻧﺸﺎﻧﻪ ﻗﺪﺭﺕ ﺑﻲﻃﺮﻑ ﮐﻢ‘ ﻧﺎﭼﻴﺰ savage, wild hate, dislike intensely scorn, contempt frown, look angry by lowering eyebrows give confidence, inspire think about, regard as, take into account small animal such as rats, bugs,… cry loud and long because of pain or grief sign, icon power, right unbiased, impartial, not taking sides little bit gentle love
504 Absolutely Essential Words Lesson 25 Synonym
ﻣﻌﻤﺎﺭ ﺯﻧﺪﮔﻲ ﺯﻧﺎﺷﻮﻳﻲ ﭼﻤﺪﺍﻥ ﻭﻟﺨﺮﺟﻲ ﺧﺎﺭﺝ ﺍﺯ ﮐﺸﻮﺭ ﻓﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﻼ ﻭ ﺑﺪﺑﺨﺘﻲ ﻓﻘﻴﺮ ﺣﺴﺎﺩﺕ ﻓﺮﻭ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻦ ﺗﻌﻘﻴﺐ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺩﻭ ﻫﻤﺴﺮ designer, a maker, creator marriage life bags, suitcases, gear waste, spend foolishly overseas, out of the country a runaway, escapee a great misfortune, serious trouble a very poor person jealousy, be jealous of fall down, breakdown, ruin bring to court, follow up, carry on having two wives or two husbands at same time rich save
Word architect matrimony baggage squander abroad fugitive calamity pauper envy collapse prosecute bigamy Word possible compel awkward venture awesome guide quench betray utter pacify respond beckon
Lesson 26 Synonym
ﻣﻤﮑﻦ ﻣﺠﺒﻮﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻧﺎﻣﻄﻠﻮﺏ ﺧﻄﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺷﮕﻔﺖﺍﻧﮕﻴﺰ ﺭﺍﻫﻨﻤﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺗﺴﻠﻴﻢ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﮔﻔﺘﻦ‘ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺁﺭﺍﻡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﭘﺎﺳﺦ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺍﺷﺎﺭﻩ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ able to be, be done, or happen, feasible force, get by force, oblige clumsy, embarrassing, not easily managed dare, undertake, expose to risk astounding, amazing, breath-taking direct, manage put an end to, drawn or put out give up, deceive, mislead, show say, speak, make known; complete calm down, placate react, answer, take action signal, make a gesture, attract
Word despite disrupt rash rapid exhaust severity feeble unite cease thrifty miserly monarch Word outlaw promote undernourished illustrate disclose excessive disaster censor culprit juvenile bait insist
Lesson 27 Synonym
ﻋﻠﻲﺭﻏﻢ ﮔﺴﻴﺨﺘﻦ ﺟﻮﺵ‘ ﺷﺘﺎﺑﺰﺩﻩ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ ﮐﺎﻣﻼ ﺧﺎﻟﻲ ﹰ ﺳﺨﺘﻲ‘ ﻭﺿﻮﺡ ﺿﻌﻴﻒ ﻣﺘﺤﺪ ﺷﺪﻥ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺻﺮﻓﻪﺟﻮ ﺧﺴﻴﺲ ﻣﻠﮑﻪ ﻳﺎ ﭘﺎﺩﺷﺎﻩ in spite of, regardless of upset, cause to break down, disturb hasty, careless very quick, swift empty completely, use up, tire out strictness, plainness, violence weak, frail join together, become one stop, end, finish economical, saving, thriving stingy, like a miser king, queen, ruler
careful slow refresh gentleness, warmth strong separate commence spendthrift generous
Lesson 28 Synonym
ﻣﻨﻊ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﻳﺎﻏﻲ ﺗﺮﻗﻲ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ ﺳﻮﺀ ﺗﻐﺬﻳﻪ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﻧﺸﺎﻥ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺧﻴﻠﻲ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﺑﻼ‘ ﺑﺪﺑﺨﺘﻲ ﺳﺎﻧﺴﻮﺭ ﻣﺠﺮﻡ ﺟﻮﺍﻥ‘ ﻧﺎﺑﺎﻟﻎ ﻃﻌﻤﻪ ﭘﺎﻓﺸﺎﺭﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ an exile, an outcast, a criminal, to declare unlawful help to grow and develop, advance not sufficiently fed, starved show, demonstrate reveal, uncover, make known too much, extreme calamity, great misfortune, tragedy edit offender, criminal, delinquent young, youthful temptation be resolute, be firm
traveler, person along for the ride keep in, hold in inactive, lazy, without any good reason statue, hero joke, fun loyal, loving one's country disagreement, quarrel bravery, courage crazy, foolish, insane mood, blood vessel without important or striking happening productive, rich, fruitful
Lesson 32 Synonym
ﺍﺭﺟﺎﻉ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺑﺪﺷﺎﻧﺴﻲ‘ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖ ﺧﻄﺮﻧﺎﮎ ﮐﺎﻫﺶ ﻳﺎﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﻴﺸﻴﻨﻪ ﻓﺮﺍﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺁﺳﻴﺐﭘﺬﻳﺮ ﻣﻌﻨﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻫﻤﻴﺖ ﺍﺳﻄﻮﺭﻩﺷﻨﺎﺳﻲ ﻫﻤﮑﺎﺭ ﻋﺬﺍﺏ ﻓﺮﺍﻫﻢ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺻﺪﺍﻗﺖ‘ ﻭﻓﺎﺩﺍﺭﻱ hand over, direct for information, help or action misfortune, dangerous or difficult situation reduce, decrease greatest possible or amount run away, go quickly, escape capable of being injured mean, be a sign of, have importance myths, folklore, tradition co-worker, associate cause very great pain to, annoy supply, give faithfulness, honesty
pleasure, comfort withhold disloyalty, dishonesty
Word alibi argue attendance attitude bleed bunk bury commendation contest cooperate curriculum dean defendant deserve dull fate frontier generation hatch mockery outing pitch primitive rescue rumor rush schedule seam soil spot striking veteran warrior willingly worship wrap wrist ﺩﻟﻴﻞ‘ ﺗﻮﺿﻴﺢ‘ ﺩﻓﺎﻋﻴﻪ ﺩﻟﻴﻞ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ ﺣﻀﻮﺭ ﻧﮕﺮﺵ ﺧﻮﻧﺮﻳﺰﻱ ﺁﺷﻐﺎﻝ ﺩﻓﻦ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺗﺸﻮﻳﻖ‘ ﺗﺤﺴﻴﻦ ﺭﻗﺎﺑﺖ‘ ﻣﺨﺎﻟﻔﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻫﻤﮑﺎﺭﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺩﺭﺳﻲ ﺭﻳﻴﺲ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺪﻩ‘ ﻣﺪﻋﻲ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﺳﺰﺍﻭﺍﺭ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ‘ ﺗﺎﺭﻳﮏ ﺳﺮﻧﻮﺷﺖ ﻣﺮﺯ ﻧﺴﻞ ﺗﻮﻟﻴﺪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﺑﻴﺮﻭﻥ ﺁﻣﺪﻥ ﺭﻳﺸﺨﻨﺪ‘ ﺍﺳﺘﻬﺰﺍ ﺗﻮﺭ ﺯﻣﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺯﻱ ﺑﺎﺳﺘﺎﻧﻲ‘ ﻧﺨﺴﺘﻴﻦ ﻧﺠﺎﺕ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﺷﺎﻳﻌﻪ ﻳﻮﺭﺵ ﺑﺮﻧﺎﻣﻪ ﺭﮔﻪ‘ ﻻﻳﻪ ﺧﺎﮎ ﻧﻘﻄﻪ‘ ﺟﺎ ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪ ﺣﺮﻓﻪﺍﻱ ﺳﺮﺑﺎﺯ‘ ﺟﻨﮕﺠﻮ ﺩﺍﻭﻃﻠﺒﺎﻧﻪ ﻋﺒﺎﺩﺕ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﺴﺘﻪﺑﻨﺪﻱ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﭻ ﺩﺳﺖ timetable layer, vein earth place, site noticeable experienced, expert soldier, fighter voluntarily adoration, veneration package unwrap reluctantly inconspicuous novice merit, be worthy of dark, dim destiny border age group produce, emerge ridicule, scorn day trip, tour playing field prehistoric, ancient free, liberate gossip modern abandon respect bright Synonym reason, explanation, defense reason, make a case presence, attending viewpoint blood loss rubbish inter praise, recommendation competition, accept collaborate syllabus, set of courses Antonym
"The Romans believed that our minds are affected by the moonluna means "moon" in Latin- and that lunatics grew more crazy as the moon become fuller"
applicant head, go before, come first youthful, between 13 to 22 years of age
educating both sexes in the same school
fundamental, extreme unplanned, natural remove from the top, read quickly, glide along inoculate, immunize messy, not neat, not in order instrument, appliance easily affected or influenced moderate indifferent intemperate neat
linger on grow up Prejudice: "A person who decides before thinking-out a problem is prejudiced"
504 Absolutely Essential Words Lesson 35 Synonym
ﻣﺒﻬﻢ ﺑﺎﻻ ﺑﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﺨﺖﺁﺯﻣﺎﻳﻲ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﺑﺪﺳﺖ ﺁﻭﺭﺩﻥ‘ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺳﻴﻨﻤﺎ ﺭﺧﺪﺍﺩ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺭﻳﺨﺘﻦ ﺍﻭﺝ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺑﻌﺪﻱ ﻧﻘﻞ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﺭﺑﻂ ﺩﺍﺷﺘﻦ ﺛﺎﺑﺖ ambiguous raise, lift up gamble, game of chance money gain, attain, be in use moving picture happening, result or outcome throw away, shed aspire, fly upward or at a great height following, later tell, connect in thought or meaning motionless, still moving keep drop preceding lose
quick, on time quick, hurried burn slightly, dry up, criticize sharply storm, disturbance calm, pacify kind, kind-hearted release, carry out, pay off recommence, take up again synchronization hold back unlawful, against the law tranquillizer
life story soak, wet thoroughly crowd or great number move unsteadily from side to side uproar, noise, violent disturbance or disorder go down on your knees in low spirit, sad willing to obey go back, withdraw cruel ruler aid organization judgment, decision of a jury
Lesson 39 Synonym
ﮐﺸﻒ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺗﺮﮎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﻣﻮﺍﻓﻘﺖ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﻣﻨﻄﺒﻖ ﺷﺪﻥ ﮐﻨﺴﻞ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﺪﻫﮑﺎﺭ ﺧﻮﺍﻧﺎ‘ ﻭﺍﺿﺢ ﻭ ﺷﻔﺎﻑ ﭘﻼﮐﺎﺭﺩ ﻣﺴﺮﻱ‘ ﻭﺍﮔﻴﺮﺩﺍﺭ ﻣﺒﻠﻐﺎﻥ ﻣﺬﻫﺒﻲ‘ ﺭﻭﺣﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﺷﻔﺎﻑ‘ ﻭﺍﺿﺢ ﺷﺘﺸﻮ ﺑﺎ ﺁﺏ ﮔﺮﻡ‘ ﺳﻮﺧﺘﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺁﺏ ﺟﻮﺵ ﻳﺎ ﺑﺨﺎﺭ‘ ﺩﺍﻍ dig up, discover, find out leave, go away, change, die agree, correspond exactly, overlap call off, withdraw, wipe out person who owes something to another able to be read, plain and clear poster, advertisement infectious, transmittable persons prepared for religious work usual see-through, clear burn with hot liquid or steam
cover up, bury arrive
exceptional opaque, unclear
Word epidemic obesity magnify chiropractor obstacle ventilate jeopardize negative pension vital municipal oral
Lesson 40 Synonym
ﻫﻤﻪﮔﻴﺮ ﭼﺎﻗﻲ ﺑﻴﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺪ ﺑﺰﺭﮔﻨﻤﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﺎﺳﺎﮊﻭﺭ ﻣﺎﻧﻊ ﺗﻬﻮﻳﻪ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﺑﺮﻣﻼ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﻪ ﺧﻄﺮ ﺍﻧﺪﺍﺧﺘﻦ ﻣﻨﻔﻲ ﺣﻘﻮﻕ ﺑﺎﺯﻧﺸﺴﺘﮕﻲ ﺣﻴﺎﺗﻲ‘ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭ ﻣﻬﻢ‘ ﻣﻬﻠﮏ ﺷﻬﺮﻱ ﺷﻔﺎﻫﻲ widespread extreme fatness cause to make larger than it really is, enlarge massager obstruction, impediment change the air in, discuss openly risk, endanger saying no, minus, showing the lights and shadows reversed retirement fund very important, necessary to life of a city or state, urban spoken, by word of mouth, verbal
roll batch, load slender firmness, strength false notion overheat, roast, boil give evidence, confirm crowd, voters backbone dieter, slimmer
504 Absolutely Essential Words
Word complacent wasp rehabilitate parole vertical multitude nominate potential morgue preoccupied upholstery indifference Word maintain snub endure wrath expose legend ponder resign drastic wharf amend ballot
Lesson 41 Synonym
ﺧﻮﺩﺧﻮﺍﻩ‘ ﻣﻐﺮﻭﺭ ﺯﻧﺒﻮﺭ ﺍﺣﻴﺎ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﻗﻮﻝ ﺷﺮﻑ‘ ﺁﺯﺍﺩﻱ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻁ ﻋﻤﻮﺩﻱ ﺟﻤﻌﻴﺖ‘ ﺗﻌﺪﺍﺩ ﺯﻳﺎﺩ ﻣﻨﺼﻮﺏ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﭘﺘﺎﻧﺴﻴﻞ ﺳﺮﺩﺧﺎﻧﻪ‘ ﺑﺎﻳﮕﺎﻧﻲ ﻣﺠﺬﻭﺏ‘ ﻣﺸﻐﻮﻝ ﺭﻭﮐﺶ ﻣﺒﻞ ﺑﻲﺍﻋﺘﻨﺎﻳﻲ took up all attention coverings and cushion for furniture restore to good condition, revitalize conditional freedom, word of honor straight up and down with reference to horizon a great number, a crowd appoint to an office capability of coming into being or action self-satisfied
Lesson 42 Synonym
ﻧﮕﻬﺪﺍﺷﺘﻦ‘ ﺑﺎﻗﻲ ﻣﺎﻧﺪﻥ ﺗﺤﻘﻴﺮ ﻛﺮﺩﻥ ﺗﺤﻤﻞ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻋﺼﺒﺎﻧﻴﺖ ﺷﺪﻳﺪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻌﺮﺽ ﭼﻴﺰﻱ ﻗﺮﺍﺭ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻦ ﺩﺍﺳﺘﺎﻥ‘ ﻳﺎﺩﺩﺍﺷﺖ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﺩﻗﻴﻖ ﻭﺍﮔﺬﺍﺭ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ‘ ﺍﺳﺘﻌﻔﺎ ﺩﺍﺩﻥ ﻣﺆﺛﺮ‘ ﻗﻮﻱ ﺑﺎﺭﺍﻧﺪﺍﺯ‘ ﻟﻨﮕﺮﮔﺎﻩ ﺍﺻﻼﺡ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﺮﮔﻪ ﺭﺃﻱ keep, keep up, uphold treat coldly, scornfully or with contempt bear, last, keep on, stand very great anger, rage lay open, uncover, show openly tale, myth consider carefully give up, yield, submit acting with force or violence pier, dock alter, modify, change vote, secret ballot
Synonym speak to receiver goal opening cautious background characteristic brilliance bright opening benefit perceptive domination exceptional treaty point of view assume popular, general common narrow valley range, scale
Synonym adjudication, mediation encourage shutdown remove the color, lighten oxygen mask condition, situation universe signal, sign well-expressed, articulate death tempt, entice person in exile postpone manure, dirt guess, think make a great effort lateness, delay group, band unpaid helper
Synonym appointment below fasten traditional opposing, reverse call together dishonesty serious, important very angry, furious lawful, reasonable fallacy, mistaken belief for a moment, temporarily idea responsibility result, conclusion piece of wood steady
Antonym above avant-garde similar honesty minor calm unlawful, unreasonable fact permanently
Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)
Word antiquated coherent develop fabricate investigation normally notice notion novel opposition record relate suspect unbiased varied Synonym old-fashioned logical, sticking together evolve invent probe typically observe concept original resistance register communicate speculate objective diverse
trust partial similar vary variety, variation, variant
Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL) Lesson 25
Word acquaintance assimilate astrology bat cedar wood colossal concerning contend crown eclipses engage erect extinct fleeting frog fund indisputable lingua franca malicious monologue outlying outstanding pidgin presumed proclaiming provided for recognition resort satirical societal soliloquy timber tongue torch
ﺁﺷﻨﺎﻳﻲ ﻫﻤﮕﻮﻥ ﻭ ﺑﺮﺍﺑﺮ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻃﺎﻟﻊﺑﻴﻨﻲ ﺧﻔﺎﺵ ﺳﺮﻭ ﻋﻈﻴﻢﺍﻟﺠﺜﻪ ﺭﺍﺟﻊ ﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﺘﻘﺪ ﺑﻮﺩﻥ ﺗﺎﺝ ﮐﺴﻮﻑ ﺟﻠﺐ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﺑﺮﭘﺎ ﮐﺮﺩﻥ ﻣﻨﻘﺮﺽ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺳﺮﻳﻊ ﻭ ﮔﺬﺭﺍ ﻭﺯﻍ ﺳﺮﻣﺎﻳﻪ ﻣﺴﻠﻢ ﻭ ﻏﻴﺮ ﻗﺎﺑﻞ ﺑﺤﺚ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻣﻴﺎﻧﺠﻲ ﺑﺪﺧﻮﺍﻩ ﻧﻤﺎﻳﺶ ﺗﮏﻧﻔﺮﻩ ﭘﺮﺕ‘ ﺩﻭﺭ ﺍﺯ ﻣﺮﮐﺰ ﺑﺮﺟﺴﺘﻪ ﺩﺳﺖ ﻭ ﭘﺎ ﺷﮑﺴﺘﻪ ﺍﺣﺘﻤﺎﻟﻲ‘ ﻓﺮﺿﻲ ﺑﻴﺎﻧﻴﻪ ﻣﺸﺮﻭﻁ ﺑﺮ ﺁﻧﮑﻪ ﺗﺼﺪﻳﻖ ﺗﻔﺮﻳﺤﮕﺎﻩ‘ ﭘﺎﺗﻮﻕ‘ ﭼﺎﺭﻩ ﻫﺠﻮ‘ ﻣﺴﺨﺮﻩ ﺟﻤﻌﻲ ﺗﮏﮔﻮﻳﻲ ﭼﻮﺏ‘ ﺗﻴﺮ ﺯﺑﺎﻥ ﻣﺸﻌﻞ
Synonym familiarity, friendship adjust, fit in
gigantic relating to, about assert, declare outshine absorb build, create died out transitory finance unmistakable malevolent soliloquy remote exceptional supposed announcement credit remedy mocking, humorous group, public monologue wood language
living permanent debatable kind, benevolent abysmal
Synonym essay, analysis victory thought overcome idol airship thesis, essay represent, exemplify dissertation rumour, gossip writing cruelly powerful remove from power victim go up against release very little statue sudden approximate guess suffer measure
Synonym gaining hope various characteristic oblige reproduce grant, give up awareness expertise, skill reduction, money off outline, sketch out list, record trader financial responsibility ownership distinct, marked careful, cautious shelter, sanctuary rule, empire be located in ceremonial carpet emotional secondary intrude put in, place Synonym friend dependent, conditional law, declaration wearing down punishment, penalty closeness, familiarity universal frank property owner forward motion attack, invasion hard, exact astute, clever accuracy observation business hesitate
ﺣﺎﻝ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ )(Present Simple
I/we/you/they do He/she/it does .1- I drive a bus .2- She looks after patients ?3- What do you do
١‐ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﭼﻴﺰﻫﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻋﻤﻮﻣﻴﺖ ﺩﺍﺭﻧﺪ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﮑﺮﺭ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻣﻲﺍﻓﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺭﻭﺩ.
.The earth goes around the sun
٢‐ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﮕﻲ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﮐﺎﺭﻫﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﻢ.
.I get up at 6 o’clock every morning
٣‐ ﮔﺎﻫﻲ ﺍﻭﻗﺎﺕ ﺑﺎ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻳﮏ ﻣﻄﻠﺐ ﮐﺎﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻣﻲﺩﻫﻴﻢ.
I promise/ I apologize/ I advise/ I insist/ I agree/ I refuse … etc
٤‐ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖﻫﺎﻱ ﺩﺍﺋﻤﻲ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﻢ.
.John isn’t lazy. He works hard most of the time
٥‐ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻲ ﮐﻪ " "thinkﺑﻪ ﻣﻌﻨﺎﻱ ﻓﮑﺮ ﻭ ﻋﻘﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﮐﺮﺩ.
.I think Mary is Canadian, but I’m not sure
٦‐ ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ See, hear, smell, tasteﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ )ﻭ ﻧﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ( ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺑﺮﻳﻢ. ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ . canﻫﻢ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﮐﻨﻴﻢ. ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﻳﮏ ﺷﺨﺺ ﭼﮕﻮﻧﻪ ﺑﻪ ﻧﻈﺮ ﻣﻲﺭﺳﺪ ) (lookﻭ ﻳﺎ ﭼﻪ ﺍﺣﺴﺎﺳﻲ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ) (feelﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﻢ.
)Do you see that man over there? (not Are you seeing ?I can hear a strange noise. Can you hear it .You look well today. Or You’re looking well today
(Present Continuous) ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ
Am/is/are + ---ing 1- I am trying to work 2- She is driving to work 3- Are you enjoying the party?
.١‐ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺣﻴﻦ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻳﮏ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻫﺴﺘﻴﻢ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﻢ. ﻣﺎ ﮐﺎﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﮐﺮﺩﻩﺍﻳﻢ ﺍﻣﺎ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﺮﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ
Kate wants to work in Italy, so she is learning Italian. I am doing
. ﻭ... ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺑﺮﺩtoday/this week/ this year ٢‐ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺑﺎ
You are working hard today. (not You work hard today.)
:٣‐ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺗﻐﻴﻴﺮﺍﺗﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻧﺰﺩﻳﮏ ﺑﻪ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺭﺥ ﻣﻲﺩﻫﺪ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺑﺮﻳﻢ ﺑﻪ ﺧﺼﻮﺹ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺯﻳﺮ get, change, become, increase, rise, fall, grow, improve, begin, start
Is your English getting better? (not Does your English get better?)
.٤‐ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺖﻫﺎ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻟﺘﻬﺎﻳﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻮﻗﺘﻲ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺑﺮﻳﻢ
I’m living with some friends until I find a place of my own.
(Present Perfect) ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ
I/we/you/they have done He/she/it has done 1- I have lost my key. 2- She has forgotten my name. 3- We have seen the film.
.*ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺑﺨﺸﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺁﻏﺎﺯ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﺗﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﻢ‘ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺑﺮﻳﻢ .
a period until now
Have you ever eaten caviar? (in your life)
Recently In the last few days Since breakfast
Have you heard from Brian recently?
.١‐ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﻴﻢ "ﭼﻴﺰﻱ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﺍﻓﺘﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ" ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻻ ﻳﮏ ﺧﺒﺮ ﺟﺪﻳﺪ ﺍﺳﺖ ﹰ
Police have arrested two men in connection with the robbery.
.٢‐ ﻫﻨﮕﺎﻣﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﻢ ﺑﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ. ﻋﻤﻠﻲ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺍﻱ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪﺍﻱ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺖ
Is Sally here? No, she has gone out. (=she is out now.)
ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺑﺒﺮﻳﻢyet ﻭjust, already. ٣‐ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ
Just = a short time ago Already= happened sooner than expected Are you hungry? No, I have just had lunch. What time is Mark leaving? He’s already gone.
Yet= until now. Speaker is expecting something to happen. Use yet only in questions and negative sentences. Has it stopped raining yet? I have written the letter, but I haven’t sent it yet.
been (to) ﻭgone (to) ٤‐ ﻓﺮﻕ
Jim is on holiday. He has gone to Italy. (=He is there now or on his way there) Jane is back home now. She has been to Italy. (=She has now come back)
. ﻭ ... ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺑﺒﺮﻳﻢ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﺍﻳﻦ ﺑﺨﺶ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﺮﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺑﺎﺷﺪtoday/this evening/this year ٥‐ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ
I haven’t seen Tom this morning. Have you?
:.٦‐ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﻴﻢ: ﺍﻳﻦ ﺍﻭﻟﻴﻦ ﺑﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﺖ ﮐﻪ ﭼﻴﺰﻱ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻕ ﻣﻲﺍﻓﺘﺪ
It’s the first time he has driven a car.
(Present Perfect Continuous) ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ
I/we/they/you He/she/it have been doing has been doing 1- I’ve been looking for you everywhere. 2- She’s been working very hard. 3- We’ve been waiting for an hour.
.١ ‐ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻋﻤﻠﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺍﺧﻴﺮﹰﺍ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻲ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺑﺮﻳﻢ. ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻨﺠﺎ ﻧﻴﺰ ﺑﺎ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺭﺗﺒﺎﻁ ﻭﺟﻮﺩ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ
I have been doing
I have been talking to Amanda about the problem and she agrees with me.
. ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺑﺮﻳﻢ. ﻋﻤﻞ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻥ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻳﺎ ﺑﻪ ﺗﺎﺯﮔﻲ ﻣﺘﻮﻗﻒ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖhow long, for … and since ٢‐ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ
How long have you been learning English? (=you’re still learning English)
.٣‐ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺍﻋﻤﺎﻟﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻃﻲ ﺩﻭﺭﻩﺍﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﺗﮑﺮﺍﺭ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ )ﻭ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﻫﻢ ﺍﺩﺍﻣﻪ ﺩﺍﺭﺩ( ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺑﺒﺮﻳﻢ
Debbie is a very good tennis player. She’s been playing since she was eight.
“ ﺩﺭ ﺍﻳﻦ ﻣﺜﺎﻝ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻣﺎﺳﺖ. ﻣﻬﻢ ﻧﻴﺴﺖ ﮐﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻧﻈﺮ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥShe has been painting the ceiling”ﻧﮑﺘﻪ ١: ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﻴﻢ .“ ﻧﺘﻴﺠﻪ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻬﻢ ﺍﺳﺖ ﻭ ﺧﻮﺩ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﺗﻮﺟﻪ ﻧﻴﺴﺖShe has painted the ceiling” :ﺭﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﻳﺎ ﻧﻪ. ﺍﻣﺎ ﻭﻗﺘﻲ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﻴﻢ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ )ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻋﻤﻠﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺍﺳﺖ( ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺑﺮﻳﻢ. ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﻋﻤﻠﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺗﻤﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞhow long :٢ ﻧﮑﺘﻪ . ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﻢhow much, how many or how many times ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩ
How long have you been reading the book? How much of that book have you read?
ﺭﺍ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞmean ﻭwant ( ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﻤﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ. ﺍﻣﺎ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢknow/like/believe ٤‐ ﺑﻌﻀﻲ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ )ﻣﺜﻞ .ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﺑﺒﺮﻳﻢ
I’ve known about it for a long time. (not I’ve been knowing) I’ve been meaning to phone Jane, but I keep forgetting.
. ﻓﻘﻂ ﺍﺯ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﻢalways ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻥ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﮐﺮﺩ. ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﻪ ﻫﻤﺮﺍﻩwork ﻭlive ٥‐ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﻭ ﻳﺎ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ
Julia has been living/ has lived in Paris for a long time. I’ve always lived in the country. (not I’ve always been living)
‘I haven’t done something since/for… :٦‐ ﻣﻲﮔﻮﻳﻴﻢ
I haven’t seen Julia since Monday.
(Past Simple) ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ
I/we/you/they did He/she/it did 1- I enjoyed the film. 2- She passed her examination. 3- Did you go to the cinema?
.– ﺧﺘﻢ ﻧﻤﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪed – ﺧﺘﻢ ﻣﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪ. ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺴﻴﺎﺭﻱ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺑﻲﻗﺎﻋﺪﻩ ﻫﺴﺘﻨﺪ ﻭ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺑﻪed ۱‐ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﺑﻪ
The police stopped me on my way home last night. I went to the cinema three times last week.
. ﺍﺳﺖwas/were ‘ be (am/is/are) ۲‐ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ
I was angry because they were left.
(Past Continuous) ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ
I/ he/she/it We/you/they was doing were doing
I was doing I finished doing 1- I was watching TV when you arrived. 2- She was walking home when she met Dave. 3- We were looking for you when you were in bathroom.
I started doing
.١‐ ﻋﻤﻞ ﻳﺎ ﻣﻮﻗﻌﻴﺘﻲ ﮐﻪ ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺷﺮﻭﻉ ﺷﺪﻩ ﻭ ﻫﻨﻮﺯ ﺑﻪ ﭘﺎﻳﺎﻥ ﻧﺮﺳﻴﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺭﺍ ﺑﺎ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﻢ
I waved to Helen, but she wasn’t looking.
.:٢‐ ﺍﻏﻠﺐ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﺣﺎﻝ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺭﺍ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻲ ﺣﻴﻦ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺑﻪ ﮐﺎﺭ ﻣﻲﺑﺮﻳﻢ
It was raining when I got up.
:ﺍﻣﺎ ﺑﺮﺍﻱ ﺑﻴﺎﻥ ﺍﻳﻨﮑﻪ ﻋﻤﻠﻲ ﺑﻌﺪ ﺍﺯ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﻢ
I was walking along the road when I saw Dave. So I stopped and we had a chat.
.( ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﻤﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪwant ﻭknow ٣‐ ﺑﻌﻀﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ )ﻣﺜﻞ
We were good friends. We knew each other well. (not We were knowing) I was enjoying the party, but Chris wanted to go home. (not was wanting)
(Past perfect) ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ
1- I had made a big mistake. 2- She had gone home. 3- We weren’t hungry. We had just had lunch. .١‐ ﺍﮔﺮ ﺑﺨﻮﺍﻫﻴﻢ ﺩﺭ ﻣﻮﺭﺩ ﻋﻤﻠﻲ ﮐﻪ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ ﺻﺤﺒﺖ ﮐﻨﻴﻢ ﺍﺯ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻣﻲﮐﻨﻴﻢ
had done had done
When Sarah arrived at the party, Paul had already gone home.
:٢‐ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﻭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ
Who is that woman? I’ve never seen her before. I didn’t know she was. I’d never seen her before.
:٣‐ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺳﺎﺩﻩ ﻭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ
Kate wasn’t at home when I phoned. She was at her mother’s house. Kate had just got home when I phoned. She had been at her mother’s house.
(Past perfect Continuous) ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ
I/we/they/you He/she/it had been going had been doing
1- I’d been working hard all day. 2- She’d been living there only a short time. 3- We’d been playing football.
.(۱‐ ﻣﺎ ﻣﻲﺗﻮﺍﻧﻴﻢ ﺑﮕﻮﻳﻴﻢ ﺍﺗﻔﺎﻗﻲ ﻗﺒﻞ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﻋﻤﻞ ﺩﻳﮕﺮ ﺍﻧﺠﺎﻡ ﺷﺪﻩ ﺍﺳﺖ )ﺩﺭ ﺯﻣﺎﻥ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ
We’d been playing tennis for about half an hour when it started to rain heavily.
:٢‐ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﺣﺎﻝ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﻭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ
James is out of breath. He has been running. James was out of breath. He had been running.
:٣‐ ﻣﻘﺎﻳﺴﻪ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﻭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﮐﺎﻣﻞ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ
Cathy was sitting in an armchair resting. She was tired because she’d been working very hard.
. ( ﺑﻪ ﻃﻮﺭ ﻣﻌﻤﻮﻝ ﺩﺭ ﮔﺬﺷﺘﻪ ﺍﺳﺘﻤﺮﺍﺭﻱ ﺍﺳﺘﻔﺎﺩﻩ ﻧﻤﻲﺷﻮﻧﺪlike ﻭknow ٤‐ ﺑﻌﻀﻲ ﺍﺯ ﺍﻓﻌﺎﻝ )ﻣﺜﻞ
We were good friends. We had known each other for years. (not had been knowing)