eye

Published on June 2016 | Categories: Types, Research | Downloads: 47 | Comments: 0 | Views: 393
of 18
Download PDF   Embed   Report

Comments

Content

Assessment and Management of Clients With

Presented by: Mr. Jose L. Fernandez, RN, MAN

EXTERNAL EYE And RELATED STRUCTURES

Assessment • Visual Acuity • Ultrasonography

• External Eye Examination
• Direct and Indirect Opthalmoscopy • Slit-Lamp Examination

• Color Fundus Photography
• Fluorescein Angiography • Tonometry

• Gonioscopy
• Perimetry Testing

Assessment (con’t) • Color Vision Testing

• Amsler Grid

Glaucoma • Open-angle

• Angle-closure
• Medical management relies on systemic and topic ocular medications that lower IOP • Surgical management is laser trabeculoplasty, laser iridotomy, filtering procedures, drainage implants or shunts

Impaired Vision
• Refractive Errors

– emmetropia, myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism
• Low Vision and Blindness – magnification and image enhancement

– multiple-unit artificial retinal chipset (MARC)

Cataracts • Lens opacity or cloudiness • Medical management may include antioxidants, glasses, contact lenses, bifocals or magnifying lenses to slow progression

• Surgical management is intracapsular cataract extraction, extracapsular surgery, phacoemulsification , and lens replacement

Corneal Disorders

• Corneal Dystrophies • Keratoconus • Corneal Surgeries –Phototherapeutic Keratectomy –Keratoplasty

Corneal Disorders

•Refractive Surgeries – Radial keratotomy (RK), Laser vision correction photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) – Laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK)

Retinal Disorders • Retinal Detachment • Retinal Vascular Disorders – Central Retinal Vein Occlusion – Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion – Central Retinal Artery Occlusion • Macular Degeneration

Retinal detachment, tearing and fluid leak

MACULAR DEGENERATION

Orbital and Ocular Trauma
• Orbital Trauma
– Soft tissue injury and hemorrhage – Fractures

– Foreign bodies
• Ocular Trauma

– Penetrating injuries and contusions
– Intraocular foreign bodies

– Ocular burns

Infectious and Inflammatory Conditions

• Dry Eye Syndrome • Conjunctivitis • Uveitis • Orbital Cellulitis

Orbital and Ocular Tumors • Benign Tumors of the Orbit, Eyelids, and Conjunctiva • Malignant Tumors of the Orbit, Eyelids, and Conjunctiva • Malignant Tumors of the Globe: Ocular Melanoma

Surgical Procedures and Enucleation • Orbital Surgeries • Enucleation

• Ocular Protheses

Ocular Consequences of Systemic Disease

• Diabetic Retinopathy • Cytomegalovirus Retinitis

• Hypertension-Related Eye Changes

Commonly Used Ocular Medications
• Topical Anesthetics • Corticosteroids and Nonsteroidal AntiInflammatory Drugs • Antiallergy Medications • Ocular Irrigants • Ocular Lubricants

• Mydriatics and Cycloplegics
• Medications to Treat Glaucoma • Anti-Infectives

Sponsor Documents

Or use your account on DocShare.tips

Hide

Forgot your password?

Or register your new account on DocShare.tips

Hide

Lost your password? Please enter your email address. You will receive a link to create a new password.

Back to log-in

Close