Filipinas Merchants Insurance Vs CA

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Filipinas Merchants Insurance vs. CA GR No. 85141 Regalado, J. FACTS: In December 1976, plaintiff insured said shipment with defendant insurance company under said cargo policy no. M-2678 for the sum of o f P267, 653.59 for the goods descr described ibed as 600 metric tons of fishmeal in new gunny bags of 90 kilos each from Bangkok, Thailand to Manila against all risks under warehouse to warehouse terms. The fishmeal in 666 new gunny bags were unloaded from the ship at Manila unto the arrastre contractor E. Razon, Razon, Inc. and defendant’s surveyor ascertained and certified c ertified that in such discharge 105 bags were we re in bad order condition. The cargo was also surveyed by the arrastre contractor before delivery of the cargo, and upon final survey, a survey repor reportt indicated the findings on the extent of shortage or o r loss on the bad order bags totaling 227 bags amounting to 12, 148 kilos. Plaintiff made a formal claim against the defendant Filipino Merchants for P51, 568.62, but was refused. Consequently, the plaintiff brought an action against defendant while defendant presented a third party complaint against the vessel and the arrastre contractor. The court ruled in favor of private respondent and said decision was affirmed on appeal, with modification dismissing a third-party complaint against Compaigne Maritime Des Chargeurs Reunis and ordering third party defendant E. Razon to reimburse. ISSUES: 1)  W/N some fortuity, casualty or accidental clause is needed to be proved despite the “all risks” policy 2)  W/N respondent has an insurable interest HELD: 1) NO. The very nature of the term “all risks: must be given a broad and comprehensive meaning as covering any loss other than a willful w illful and fraudulent act of the insured. This is pursuant to the very purpose of an “all risks” insurance insurance to give protection to the insured in those cases where difficulties of logical explanation of some mystery surround the loss or damage to property. Generally, the bureden of proof is upon the insured to show that a loss arose from a covered peril, but under an “all risks” policy, the insured has the initial burden of proving that the cargo was in good condition when the policy attached and that the cargo c argo was damaged when unloaded from the vessel; thereafter, the burden shifts to the insurer to show the exception to the coverage 2) Yes. Sec. 13 of the Insurance Code defines an insurable interest in property as every interest in property whether real or personal, of such nature that a contemplated peril might direc directly tly damnify the insured. Respondent’s interest interest over the goods is based on the perfected contract of sale, which operates to vest in him an equitable title even before delivery or before he performed the conditions of the sale.

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