This is to certify that Mr. MANOJ HARDWANI Roll No.56 has
satisfactorily carried out the proect o! topic "#ROD$%TION
MANA&'M'NT O( IND$)TRIA* +I)IT, for the II se-ester of
(.../.M.). i! the Acade-ic .ear 0112 3 0114.
PROF. JAISHANKAR OJHA
Thanks to PROF. JAISHANKAR OJHA for giving me this golden
opportnit! and I take the opportnit! of s"mitting this pro#e$t to as
per m! deep regard to those %ho offered me their vala"le
assistan$e and gidan$e in this hor of need. An! %ork %ithot
proper gidan$e is in$omplete and I am reall! thankfl to PROF.
JAISHANKAR OJHA for helping me dring this pro#e$t %ork and
solve all of m! &arries.
VOLTAS COMPANY !1"
AAKAS$ UNIVERSAL LTD. 2%!23
Meanwhile, impressive inroads were being made into the packaged unit
market. This serves as a model of close teamwork between marketing,
manufacturing and product development. Sensing the need, Voltas was
ready by 19!"# with $, ! and 1%"ton models for the summer months
&previously only !"tonners were available'
(s if to underline its pre"eminence in the field, Voltas broke through into
marine air conditioning, previously entrusted only to firms abroad. )o
looking back now. Voltas was ready and an*ious to e*pand its
manufactured range, taking ma*imum advantage of the technical
collaboration with +arrier. +ompressors, chillers and condensers were all
steadily growing in capacity, strengthening Voltas, hand in e*ecuting
.y 199"!%, Voltas widened its market to include the nation,s new chemical
and pharma industries, as well as multi"storied buildings and hotels, and
defence industries and pro-ects. Ships, railways, cold storages and dairies
-oined the list by 19!%"!1. /ach such sector was a learning e*perience,
adding to Voltas, increasingly substantial and sophisticated knowledge
base in multiple applications.
19!1"!0 saw another pri1e pro-ect2 the air conditioning and refrigeration of
the first 3ndian"made frigate, the 3)S )ilgiri4 with orders for five more
following. Voltas also air conditioned five ships built at the Visakhapatnam
yards. 5ere were laid the foundations of the on"the"-ob pro-ect e*perience
which was to bear fruit in the 6ueen Mary 33 years later.
Move forward one year, and we now have more additions to the list "
telephone e*changes, power houses, chemical laboratories, embassies,
the earth satellite station at 7ehra 7un and the .habha (tomic 8esearch
+entre at Thumba. ( special showcase for Voltas, ingenuity and
technological e*pertise was the mobile aircraft cooler for (ir"3ndia,s
9umbo in 19!0"!:, using the company,s own -umbo"si1ed compressor.
(long a completely different track, Voltas was working with )ational 7airy
7evelopment .oard to design milk"vending machines for ;peration <lood,
and to refrigerate their Mother 7airies.
3t was almost as if in every sector of national advance, Voltas was there,
doing its bit.
PRODUCTION FUNCTION AND CYCLE
COMFORT AIR CONDITIONING
=ey characteristics of comfort air conditioning
• internal heat loads
• definite fresh air changes
• broad temperature range of choice and control, which can be varied
according to seasonal changes in ambient temperature and
<or critical air conditioning applications, Voltas utilises a range of vapor
$ompression products i.e. packaged units, ductable splits, reciprocating
chillers, screw chillers, scroll chillers, semi" hermatic chillers and vapour
+oils are made from aluminum fins and copper tubes are made in"house
1. <in press and hair"pin benders
0. Vertical and hori1ontal e*panders
:. (utomatic coil bra1ing machine
This results in coils of the highest Auality, with various options such as
louvered fins, slit fins, sine wave B corrugation.
Vapour absorption machine manufacturing2
Voltas, manufacturing set"up has modern fabrication facilities with
Tungsten 3nert @as &[email protected]
' welding, enabling production of high"Auality
welds which can meet stringent leak testing of the order of %.%%%%1 (tm
Voltas, manufacturing capabilities focus on the products of
collaborations with world leaders in air conditioning and
1. Screw chiller packages from 7unham .ush, ?.S.(. B Malaysia
0. Vapor absorption machines, both steam"fired and direct"fired from
5itachi >imited, 9apan.
:. Shell C tube"type condenser B chiller from Standard 8efrigeration
The technology transfer, indigeni1ation of various components and vendor
development are carried out by in"house engineers trained abroad at the
works of various collaborators.
The core strength of Voltas manufacturing is its ability to produce precision and
complex components inhouse by using stateoftheart of machines and
The !arious machines installed include"
#. CNC hori$ontal machining centres
%. CNC turning centre
&. 'anuc tape drills
Types of products
Voltas( operations ha!e been organi$ed into four independent businessspecific
clusters) each *ith its o*n facilities for mar+et co!erage and ser!ice to customers.
1. ,lectro-echanical .ro/ects 0 1er!ices
,lectrical) -echanical) 2V3C 0 Refrigeration 1olutions
,lectrical) -echanical 0 2V3C 1olutions 4International5
6ater -anagement 0 Treatment
0. ,ngineering products 0 1er!ices
-ining 0 Construction ,7uipment
-aterials 2andling 1olutions
5. Unitary Cooling .roducts for Comfort 0 Commercial Use
TDE/S ;< (+Fs
(resh air s<itch
0 )tar [email protected]
Hi;her e!er;y efficie!t
Vertis 1plit 3C
)tar [email protected]
''R rated product
'!er;y efficie!t state:of:the:
art rotary co-pressor
*%D re-ote <ith i!telli;e!t
Di;ital display o! i!door u!it
Vertis .remium 1plit 3C
0 )tar [email protected]
''R rated product
*%D re-ote <ith i!telli;e!t
'!er;y efficie!t state:of:the:art
/lue hydrophilic [email protected]
Vertis .lus 1plit 3C
5 B 0 )tar [email protected]
Ni;ht;lo< Autto!s o! re-ote
*i;ht fu!ctio!s to ON9O((
5 )tep s<i!;
Voltas is the pioneer in cooling appliances in 3ndia. 3n fact, the Voltas name
is often synonymous with air conditioners. ;ver the past four decades,
over a million customers have put their trust and confidence in the Voltas
range of air conditioners, a feat unmatched in 3ndian markets.
<ew in this field can match Voltas, range of breakthroughs and firsts2
3n 19$H, Voltas manufactured 3ndia,s first indigenous room air
3n 199, Voltas set up 3ndia,s first integrated (+ plant
3n 19#0, Voltas introduced innovative split air conditioners.
3n 19#!, Voltas pioneered a mini water cooler, catering to offices, small
shops and small scale units
3n 199:, Voltas introduced the tall elegant Slimline
3n 199#, Voltas introduced the first microprocessor"based package units
3n 0%%0, Voltas launched 3ndia,s first sub"8s 1%,%%% room (+
The company is constantly e*tending its range, sharpening its
professionalism, and intensifying the personal touch " resulting in strong
consumer loyalty for its products.
( range of window, split and Sensicool air conditioners is manufactured
for the institutional and retail segments. The range includes Vectra, the
economy problem, and Vertis 7I, the premium brand, positioned as ,(+
with 36,, the value"for"money bestselling model, offering international
Auality at a very affordable price. (ll these are manufactured in a -oint
venture between Voltas and <edders 3nternational of ?S.
Voltas also markets a range of commercial refrigerators under the ,+oldcel,
brand name, as well the ,6uench, range of water coolers and dispensers.
'or all its ranges) Voltas has a ser!ice pac+age that supports them. It offers a
lifeline ser!ice through its nation*ide net*or+ of ser!ice centres. 6elltrained
engineers) technicials and a fully computeri$ed net*or+ response system support
each other. 3dditiionally) Voltas en/oys the *holehearted support of a %89strong
dealer base and 899 retailers) *hose good*ill and trust ha!e been earned o!er four
PRODUCT AND PROCESS DESIGN
)ot for nothing is air conditioning the first thing that comes to most
people,s minds when Voltas is mentioned. <or almost as long as one can
remember, Voltas has been the most visible, prominent and trusted brand
of room air conditioners in 3ndia. The brand that started it all.
.ut there,s so much more than the consumer brand, however victorious
it,s lately been in a very competitive market.
3t,s not an e*aggeration to claim that Voltas carried the ma-or responsibility
in pioneering and maturing the entire industry in 3ndia, in both its
consumer and institutional forms, in both products and pro-ects.
To put it differently2
• Voltas defined and developed the market
• pioneered techniAues for serving it
• built up skill sets and knowledge bases in appropriate technologies
• developed relationships with principals and overseas leaders
• designed and innovated products
• developed e*pertise in -ust about every kind of pro-ect, every air"
• accumulated a matchless storehouse of e*perience in the most
challenging air conditioning tasks
• developed the very same competency that,s been proving itself so
successfully in large and demanding overseas electro"mechanical
pro-ects, especially in 5eating, Ventilation C (ir +onditioning &5V(+'
• created a large cadre of seasoned engineers and pro-ect managers
available to the industry
A VOLTAS PRODUCT
Voltas has a modern centrali1ed parts warehouse near Mumbai, from
which the parts are shipped to overseas distributorsBclients, besides
catering to the local market. (ll products are supported with service parts
for a minimum period of 1% years.
3n the domestic market, our products are backed up with efficient after"
sales service through a network of 11 branches, and a number of offices at
strategic locations all over 3ndia. Elant is located at 7adra and 5aveli
)agar in Silvassa. 8eg2 office 0!!BH, School falia, 7adra, 7amni 8oad
7adra :9 191 ?nion Territary of 7adra and )agar 5aveli.
There are different departments for
handling different materials and there is one head for each department
they are looking after the raw material and see that over raw material is not
purchased and over out come of the finished products should not be their.
They are importing raw material from china and then make the finished
goods. The packaging is done after the Auality checking and different air"
conditioners are stored at departments for e.g. window air"conditioners are
stored at one place and split air"conditioners are placed at other place.
The schedule and the time of V;>T(S +;ME()D is as defined in following
1. There are three shifts per day.
0. #"hour per shift.
:. 7uring winter season, if the demand of (+Fs is not there then there
are two shifts to be held.
H. 7ue to high demand of (+Fs during summer season, there are
overtime shifts to be held.
ABOUT AAKAS$ UNIVERSAL LTD.
The entire territory comprising of !0 groups villages were administered by
the colonial rule from 1!!% to 19$H until its liberation on 0nd august,19$H.
(fter its liberation the administration was carried on by selected village
panchayat members known as free dadra C nagar haveli administration. 3t
was on august 11 th 191 when free dadra C nagar haveli was integrated in
the 3ndian union as union territory and was succeeded by formal statutory
administration headed by an administrator since then it remains as a
centrally administrated area under the ministry of home affairs.
(ll the !0 Village ;f The 7adra C )agar 5aveli 3ncluding Silvassa (nd The
+ensus Town <orms ( Single 7istrict (nd ( Single Taluka ?nion Territory.
These Villages (re 7ivided 3nto 11 Eatelads <or 8evenue Eurpose (nd
/ach Eatelad 5as ( Village Eanchayat +onsisting ;f /lected Members.
There 3s ( 7istrict Eanchayat Ghich 5as .een 7elegated +ertain Eowers
(nd 7uties ?nder village Eanchayat 8ules. The ?nion Territory 5as )o
>egislature. ;ne Seat ;f >ook Sobha 5as been allotted to the union
territory.5./. Shri ;.E.=elkar is the Eresent (dministrator who is assisted
by the +ollector and the other 5eads of department in day to day
The +limate 3s Moderate (nd @enerally 5ealthy 3n The +entral Jone .ut
)ot 7uring Summer. The 8ainy Season 3s )ormally <rom 9?)/ T;
S/ET/M./8. 3t 8eceives (n (nnual 8ainfall .etween 0%%% To 0$%%
Mm.7uring 19## The 8ainfall ;f 0:%!.!: M. M. Gas 8eported ?p to
TYPES OF AAKAS$ GRANITES
From this pro#e$t I $on$lde that it %as a great e'perien$e for me. I
have nderstood man! things espe$iall! %hen I %as in the fa$tories.
I have learn that pra$ti$al life totall! different from or stdies and it
is more diffi$lt to handle or manage an! fa$tor! than %e think and
%e learnt that ho% to manage %ith time and resor$e in the
management games and the hotel %as great the management and
hospita"ilit! of the hotel %as indes$ri"a"le.
#. .RODUCTION -3N3<3-,NT 4VI.U: .R3;3123N5
%. .RODUCTION -3N3<3-,NT 42I-3:3=3