GRE Vocabulary Root Words

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Meaning
a/an without, absence of, not
ab/abs from, away, off
acer/acid/acri harsh, bitter, sour
act/ag drive, do, lead, act, move
acu sharp
ad, ac, af, ag, al, an (before consonants) to, toward
aev/ev age, era
agog leader
agr field
ap, ar, as, at (before consonants) to, toward
amb, ambul to go, to walk
am love, liking
aler other
alt high, deep
alim support, nourish, cherish
ambi around, on both sides
amph,amphi around, double, on both sides
anthrop mankind, human being
antiqu old, ancient
appell name, call upon
apt,ept skill, ability
ant, anti against, opposite
ant, ante before
annu, anni, enni yearly
anim life, breath, spirit
aqu, aqua water
arch first, chief, rule, superior
arm, arma weapons
art art
astr, aster star
bel, bell war
ben, bon well, good, favorable
bi two, twice, double
bio life
aud, audi, aus bold, daring, listen, hear
aug, aux increase
auto self
be thorougly, over
carn flesh, body
cata down, downward
ced, ceed, cess yield, surrender, move, go
celer swift
cap, capit head
card,cord heart
brev short
cap, capt, cept, cip hold, seize, take
centr center
cent hundred
cern perceive
cert certain
cli, clin, cliv leaning, inclined, sloped
claud, claus, clos, clud, clus shut, close
clemen mild, kind, merciful
clam, claim call out, shout
circu, circum around
cit, citat to call, start
civi citizen
cid, cis cut, kill
chron time, a long time
corp body
cosm universe
cracy, crat government, rule, strength
crea bring forth, create
contra, contro against, opposite
cogni, gno learn, know
cod book
co, col, com, con, cor together, with
cour, cur run, course
crit seperate, udge
cre, cresc, cret, cru rise, grow
cred believe, trust
dec, deca ten
de from, down, away, against, thoroughly, intensive,
prefix
cycl, cyclo circle, wheel, cycle
cur, cura care
dei, div god
demi partly
dem common people
derm skin
doc, doct teach, prove
don give
dif, dis apart, away, negative, not
dia across, through, between
dic, dict say, speak, pronounce
di two, double
dupl double, two
dur hard, lasting
dyn, dynam power, energy
dys bad, impaired, abnormal
dorm sleep
drom, drome run, step, arena
duc, duct lead, pull
dom, domin master, lord
dog, dox opinion, belief, praise
equ equal
epi upon, over, near
endo within, inside
ecto outside, external
e/ex apart, above, away, beyond, from, out, intensive
ego !, self
erg work
err wander, mistake
eth, ethos character
eu good, well
extra, extro besides, beyond, outside of, more
fin end
fid faith, trust
flex, flect bend
flu, fluct, flux flow
fed league, pact
fer bear, carry
fall, fals deceptive, false, erroneous
fac, fic, fec do, make
gam marriage
geo earth
gen birth, class, descent, race, generate
frac, frag break
fort brave, strong, chance
frat brother
func perform, discharge
gloss, glot language, tongue
grav, griev serious, heavy, hamful
grat pleasing
graph, gram write, draw, record
grad, gress step
homo same, alike
hom, homo, human man, humanity
hydr, hydra, hydro water
getero different, mixed, unlike
herb vegetation
hemo blood
helio sun
gyn woman
greg flock, herd
ac, act, ect throw, fling
ur, us, ud swear, law, udge, ust
inter among, between, within, mutual
intra, intro into, inward, within
ig, il, im, in, ir not, without, causative prefix
in in, on, upon, not, intensive prefix
hypo beneath, lower, under
hyper above, excessive, over
lect, leg, lig read, choose
leg law
lev light
liber free
library, libr book
liter letter
loc, log, loqu word, speak, talk
lex word
luc, lum, lus light
lud play, game
mcro large, long
magn great
mal bad
mater, matr mother
mega great, large
meta change, at a later time, beyond
meter, metr measure
mar, mari sea
mania obsession
mand order
man hand
mon, monit warn
mono one, single
mob, mot, mov move
mis hatred, bad, improper, wrong
miss, mit move, send
micro small
min small
mori, mort death
morph form, shape
multi many
mut change
nas, nat birth, be from, spring forth
nav ship
nec, nic, noc, nox kill, death, harm
necro dead corpse
neg no
neo new, recent
neur nerve
neut, neutr not either
noct, nox night
nom, nomen, nym name
non not
nov new
num number
ob, oc, of, op against
oper work
opti, opto eye, vision
omni all, every
olig few, little
pan all, every
par equal
para beyond, related, alongside
pas, path feeling, disease, suffering
pac peace
os, oss, ost, osteo bone
pal, paleo ancient
ortho straight, correct
pater, patr father
ped child
ped, pod foot
pel, puls drive, urge
per through, completely
phon sound, voice
phose, phot light
phys, physio nature
pict panit
phobos fear
pet seek, request, assail
phil love, fondness, preference
peri around, near
popul the people
port carry, gate
post after, behind
pre before, earlier
poly many
pon, pos put, place
poli city, state, citizen
plac please
prehend, prehens seize, grasp
prim before, first
pro in favor of
proto first, earliest
quer, ques, quir, quis ask, seek
re back again, repeat
rect straight
rect, reg, regn rule, govern
pub the public
punct point, prick
put, putat think, calculate
psych mind
pseudo false
scrib, script write
se away, apart
scop examine, observe, watch
sci know
rid, ris laugh
rog, rogat ask
sacr, sanct sacred, holy
retro backward
sec, sect, segm cut
secu, sequ follow
semi half, partly
sens, sent feel, be aware
somn sleep
soph wise, skillful, shrewd
solv, solu free, loosen, dissolve
sol sun
spec, spect, spic see, look at
spir breath, energy, animation
stas, stat stand, being in a place, position
strict, string tight, drawn together
struct build
tele distance, far
tempor time
ten, tain hold
tend, tens, tent stretch, strive
tact, tang touch
syl, sym, syn, sys together, with
super, sur over, above
sub, suc, suf, sug, sup, sus below, under, less
term end, limit
terr land, the earth
terti third
the, thei, theo god
tom, tome, tomy cut, section
therm, thermo warm, hot
therap attend, treat
top, topo place, region
tors, tort, torqu twist, turn
tract drag, pull
tran, trans across, throught
trem, tremu tremble, shake
turb spinning, confusion, disturbance
typ, type type
ultra beyond, excessive, on the other side of
un not, reverse, undo, remove, intensive prefix
uni one
urb city
us, ut use, useful
vac, vaca, vacu empty
veh, vect carry
ven, vent come
ver, verc, veri true
verb word
vers, vert turn, change
via way, road
vict, vinc, vanq conquer
vid, vis see, look
vir man
vit life
viv, viva alive, lively, animated
voc, voke call
vol, voli wish, choice
volv, volu roll, turn
vor, vorac devour, greedy
xen, xeno stranger, foreigner
zo, zoo animal

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