GRE words

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Word aberrant abscond advocate aggrandize amalgamate ambiguous ambrosial anachronism

Part of Speech adj. v. v., n. v. v. adj. adj. n.

Definitions, Other Forms, and Examples deviating from normal or correct. to leave secretly and hide, often to avoid the law. to speak, plead, or argue for a cause, or in another’s behalf. (n) -- one who advocates. to make greater, to increase, thus, to e aggerate. to unite or mi . (n) -- amalgamation. vague! subject to more than one interpretation e tremely pleasing to the senses, divine (as related to the gods) or delicious (n" ambrosia) a person or artifact appearing after its own time or out of chronological order (adj" anachronistic) peculiar! uni#ue, contrary to the norm (n" anomaly) ancient! outmoded! (literally,before the flood) hostility toward, objection, or aversion to to settle a dispute by impulse (n" arbitration) to make less severe! to appease or satisfy weaken (adj" attenuated) e tremely bold! fearless, especially said of human behavior (n" audacity) to declare commonplace or trite (n" banality) unconcealed, shameless, or brazen speech or action intended to coa someone into doing something pompous speech (adj" bombastic) a lapse, gap or break, as in a fortress wall. $o break or break through.e " %nfortunately, the club members never forgot his breach of etti#uette. to grow or flourish! a bud or new growth (adj" burgeoning ) to support. a support to get something by taking advantage of someone impulse (adj" capricious) to chastise or criticize severely an agent of change (adj" catalytic! v. catalyze) capable of dissolving by chemical action!

anomalous antediluvian antipathy arbitrate assuage attenuate audacious aver banal barefaced blandishment bombast breach

adj. adj. n. v. v. v. adj. v. adj. adj. n. n. n., v.

burgeon buttress cadge caprice castigate catalyst caustic

v., n. v., n. v. n. v. n. adj.

highly critical" &'is caustic remarks spoiled the mood of the party.& chicanery complaisant conflagration corporeal n. adj. n. adj. deception by trickery willingly compliant or accepting of the status #uo (n" complaisance) a great fire of or having to do with material, as opposed to spiritual! tangible. ((n older writings, coeporeal could be a synonym forcorporal. $his usage is no longer common) of the body" &corporal punishment.& a noncommissioned officer ranked between a sergeant and a private. to strengthen or support" &$he witness corroborted his story.& (n" corroboration) cowardly! a coward deserving of blame (n" culpability) lack, scarcity" &$he prosecutor complained about the dearth of concrete evidence against the suspect.& submission or courteous yielding" &'e held his tongue in deference to his father.& (n" deferential. v. defer) to show, create a picture of. belittlement. (v. deprecate) the act of preying upon or plundering" &$he depredations of the invaders demoralized the population.& to make clear, to say to dry out thoroughly (adj" desiccated) a bitter abusive denunciation. lacking self-confidence, modest (n" diffidence) to free a person from falsehood or error" &)e had to disabuse her of the notion that she was invited.& belittling (n" disparagement. v. disparage) calm! objective! unbiased to conceal one*s real motive, to feign stubborn or determined" &'er dogged pursuit of the degree eventually paid off.& relying upon doctrine or dogma, as opposed to evidence selecting or employing individual elements from a variety of sources" &+any modern decorators prefer an eclectic style.& (n"



corroborate craven culpable dearth

v. adj., n. adj. n.



depict deprecation depredation

v. n. n.

descry desiccate diatribe diffident disabuse

v. v. n. adj. adj.

disparaging dispassionate dissemble dogged dogmatic eclectic

adj. adj. v. adj. adj. adj.

eclecticism) efficacy effluent n. adj., n effectiveness! capability to produce a desired effect the #uality of flowing out. something that flows out, such as a stream from a river (n" effluence) softening! something that softens to strive to e#ual or e cel (n" emulation) a formal eulogy or speech of praise prevalent in or native to a certain region, locality, or people" &$he disease was endemic to the region.& ,on*t confuse this word with epidemic. to weaken or destroy the strength or vitality of" &$he heatenervated everyone.& (adj" enervating) to give rise to, to propagate, to cause" &'is slip of the toungue engendered much laughter.& puzzle! mystery" &+ath is an enigma to me.& (adj" enigmatic) lasting for only a brief time, fleeting (n" ephemera) ambiguous! unclear! subject to more than one interpretation -- often intentionally so" &-epublicans complained that .ill /linton*s answers were e#uivocal.& (v. e#uivocate) scholarly! displaying deep intensive learning. (n" erudition) intended for or understood by only a few" &$he esoteric discussion confused some people.& (n" esoterica) a spoken or written tribute to the deceased (v. eulogize) to increase the bitterness or violence of! to aggravate" &$he decision to fortify the border e acerbated tensions.& to demonstrate or prove to be blameless" &$he evidence tended to e culpate the defendant.&(adj" e culpatory) e ceeding customary or normal limits, esp. in #uantity or price" &$he cab fare was e orbitant.& fully and clearly e pressed in e istence, still e isting" $he only e tant representative of that species.& a measure of length (si feet) used in nautical settings. to penetrate to the depths of something in order to understand it" &( couldn*t

emollient emulate encomium endemic

adj., n. v. n. adj.



engender enigma ephemeral e#uivocal

v. n. adj. adj.

erudite esoteric

adj. adj.

eulogy e acerbate

n. v.

e culpate


e orbitant


e plicit e tant fathom

adj. adj. n., v.

fathom her reasoning on that issue.& fawn feign v. v. to seek favor or attention! to act subserviantly (n, adj" fawning) to give false appearance or impression" &'e feigned illness to avoid going to school.& (adj" feigned) highly emotional! hot" &$he partisans displayed a fervent patriotism.& (n" fervor) a baby bird! an ine perienced person! ine perienced. flushed with a rosy color, as in comple ion! very ornate and flowery" &florid prose.& struggling" &)e tried to save the floundering business.& verbose! talkative! rambling" &)e tried to avoid our garrulous neighbor.& fine cobweb on foliage! fine gauzy fabric! very fine" &0he wore a gossamer robe.& skillful deceit" &'e was well known for his guile.& (v. be#uile! adj" beguiling. 1ote, however, that these two words have an additional meaning" to charm (v.) or charming (adj"), while the word guile does not generally have any such positive connotations) honest! straightforward (n" guilelessness) unfortunate headfirst! impulsive! hasty. impulsively! hastily! without forethought" &$hey rushed headlong into marriage.& similar in nature or kind! uniform" &a homogeneous society.& one who attacks traditional ideas or institutions or one who destroys sacred images (adj" iconoclastic) penniless! poor commanding insinuation or connotation (v. implicate) to suggest indirectly! to entail" &0he implied she didn*t believe his story.& (n" implication) an absence of foresight! a failure to provide for future needs or events" &$heir improvidence resulted in the loss of their home.& in an initial or early stage! incomplete! disorganized" &$he act of writing forces one to clarify incohate thoughts.& not capable of being corrected" &$he school board finally decided the 2ames was

fervid, fervent fledgling florid floundering garrulous gossamer guile

adj. n., adj. adj. adj. adj. n., adj. n.

guileless hapless headlong

adj. adj. adj., adv.

homogenous iconoclast

adj. n.

impecunious imperious implication imply improvidence

adj. adj. n. v. n.





incorrigible and e pelled him from school.& indelible ineffable infer adj. adj. v. permanent! unerasable! strong" &$he 3ueen made an indelible impression on her subjects.& undescribable! ine pressible in words! unspeakable to deduce" &1ew genetic evidence led some zoologists to infer that the red wolf is actually a hybrid of the coyote and the gray wolf.& clever" &0he developed an ingenious method for testing her hypothesis.&(n" ingenuity) unsophisticated! artless! straightforward! candid" &)ilson*s ingenuous response to the controversial calmed the suspicious listeners.& to hold back, prohibit, forbid, or restrain (n" inhibition, adj" inhibited) harmless! having no adverse affect! not likely to provoke strong emotion numb! unconscious" &)ayne was rendered insensible by a blow to the head.& unfeeling! insensitive" &$hey were insensibile to the suffering of others." lacking zest or e citement! dull of or pertaining to an island, thus, e cessively e clusive" &1ewcomers found it difficult to make friends in the insular community.& stubborn! immovable! unwilling to change" &0he was so intransigent we finally gave up trying to convince her.& (n" intransigence) prone to outbursts of temper, easily angered using few words! terse" &a laconic reply.& present or potential but not evident or active (n" latency) praiseworthy! commendable (v. laud) giant whale, therefore, something very large talkative clear! translucent" &'e made a lucid argument to support his theory.& weighty, mournful, or gloomy, especially to an e cessive degree" &2ake*s lugubrious monologues depressed his friends.& generosity and nobility. (adj" magnanimous) malicious! evil! having or showing ill will" &0ome early 4merican colonists saw the wilderness as malevolent and sought to control it.& one who hates people" &'e was a true misanthrope and hated even himself.&

ingenious ingenuous

adj. adj.

inhibit innocuous insensible

v. adj. adj.

insipid insular

adj. adj.



irascible laconic latent laudable leviathan lo#uacious lucid lugubrious

adj. adj. adj. adj. n. adj. adj. adj.

magnanimity malevolent

n. adj.



misnomer misogynist mitigate

n. n. v.

incorrect name or word for something one who hates women to make less forceful! to become more moderate! to make less harsh or undesirable" &'e was trying to mitigate the damage he had done.& (n" mitigation) wicked, evil" &a nefarious plot.& harmful, offensive, destructive" &$he noisome odor of the dump carried for miles.& hardened against influence or feeling! intractable. to prevent by anticipatory measures! to make unnecessary" to close or shut off! to obstruct (n" occlusion) not transparent or transluscent! dense! difficult to comprehend, as inopa#ue reasoning turned to bone! hardened like bone! (nfle ible" &$he ossified culture failed to adapt to new economic conditions and died out.& a writing or speech in praise of a person or thing a small sin or fault showing a narrow concern for rules or formal book learning! making an e cessive display of one*s own learning" &)e #uickly tired of his pedantic conversation.& (n" pedant, pedantry). deliberately treacherous! dishonest (n" perfidy) easily or fre#uently annoyed, especially over trivial matters! childishly irritable tendency or action for the benefit of others, as in donating money or property to a charitible organization not easily e cited! cool! sluggish to calm or reduce anger by making concessions" &$he professor tried to placate his students by postponing the e am.& related to being shaped or molded! capable of being molded. (n" plasticity n" plastic) e cessively large #uantity! overabundance" &)e received a p lethora of applications for the position.& heavy! massive! awkward! dull" &4 ponderous book is better than a sleeping pill.& concerned with facts! practical, as opposed to highly principled or traditional" &'is pragmatic approach often offended idealists.& (n" pragmatism)

nefarious noisome obdurate obviate occlude opa#ue ossified

adj. adj. adj. v. v. adj. adj.

panegyric peccadillo pedantic

n. n. adj.

perfidious petulant philanthropy

adj. adj. n.

phlegmatic placate

adj. v.

plastic plethora

adj. n.

ponderous pragmatic

adj. adj.



cliff with a vertical or nearly vertical face! a dangerous place from which one is likely to fall! metaphorically, a very risky circumstance to fall! to fall downward suddenly and dramatically! to bring about or hasten the occurrence of something" &5ld )orld diseases precipitated a massive decline in the 4merican (ndian population.& something (or someone) that precedes another" &$he assasination of the 4rchduke was a precursor to the war.& to stray away from or evade the truth" &)hen we asked him what his intentions were, he prevaricated.&(n" prevarication! prevaricator) rashly wasteful" &4mericans* prodigal devotion to the automobile is uni#ue.& to conciliate! to appease" &$hey made sacrifices to propitiate angry gods.& beautiful (n" pulchritude) cowardly, timid, or irreselute! petty" &$he pusillanimous leader soon lost the respect of his people.& inactivity! stillness! dormancy (adj" #uiescent) to make or become thin! to purify or refine (n" rarefaction, adj" rarefied) the act of censuring, scolding, or rebuking. (v. reprove). to repeal or annul having a sharp or powerful intellect or discernment. (n" sagacity). cheerful! confident" &'er sanguine attitude put everyone at ease.&(0angfroid (noun) is a related 7rench word meaning unflappibility. 8iterally, it means cold blood) to satisfy fully or to e cess having a gloomy or morose temperament a very knowledgable person! a genious diligent! persevering! persistent" &'er sedulous devotion to overcoming her background impressed many.& (n" sedulity! sedulousness! adv. sedulously) tending to induce drowsiness or sleep seemingly true but really false! deceptively convincing or attractive" &'er argument, though specious, was readily accepted by many.& only covering the surface" &4 superficial treatment of the topic was all they wanted.&


v., n.





prodigal propitiate 6ulchritudinous pusillanimous

adj. v. adj. adj.

#uiescence rarefy reproof rescind sagacious sanguine

n. v. n. v. adj. adj.

sate saturnine savant sedulous

v. adj. n. adj.

soporific specious

adj. adj.





unspoken" &9atie and carmella had a tacit agreement that they would not mention the dented fender to their parents.& habitually untalkative or silent (n" taciturnity) e ercising moderation and self-denial! calm or mild (n" temperance) very weak or slight an angry speech" &'is tirade had gone on long enough.& twisted! e cessively complicated" &,espite public complaints, ta laws and forms have become increasingly tortuous.& 1ote" ,on*t confuse this with torturous. ability to be easily managed or controlled" &'er mother wished she were more tractable.& (n" tractibility) characterized by strong and turbulent or conflicting emotion depravity! baseness" &+r. /astor was fired for moral turpitude.& beginner! person lacking e perience in a specific endeavor" &$hey easily took advantage of the tyro.& empty! without contents! without ideas or intelligence"" &0he flashed a vacuous smile.& great respect or reverence" &$he /hinese traditionally venerated their ancestors! ancestor worship is merely a popular misnomer for this tradition.& (n" veneration, adj" venerable) wordy" &$he instructor asked her verbose student make her paper more concise.& (n" verbosity) to annoy! to bother! to perple ! to puzzle! to debate at length" &7ranklin ve ed his brother with his controversial writings.& slow moving! highly resistant to flow" &'eintz commercials imply that their catsup is more viscous than others*.& (n" viscosity) e plosive! fickle (n" volatility). craving or devouring large #uantities of food, drink, or other things. 0he is a voracious reader. to hesitate or to tremble e tremely pitiful or unfortunate (n" wretch) enthusiastic devotion to a cause, ideal, or goal (n" zealot! zealoutry. adj" zealous)

taciturn temperate tenuous tirade (diatribe) tortuous

adj. adj. adj. n. adj.



tempestuous turpitude tyro

4dj. n. n.

vacuous venerate

adj. v.







volatile voracious

adj. adj.

waver wretched zeal

v. adj. n.

Copyright © Jessica DeForest, 2000. All rights reserved

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