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abash humiliate, embarrass amalgamation mixture belie misrepresent abdicate relinquish power or position ambiguous unclear belittle disparage aberrant abnormal ambivalence conflicting emotions bellicose warlike abet aid, encourage (typically of amenable agreeable benefactor patron crime) amorphous shapeless boisterous noisy abeyance postponement anachronistic out of historical order boor vulgar person aboriginal indigenous analogous similar bourgeois middle class abridge shorten anarchy absence of government bucolic rustic abstemious moderate anathema curse buttress support acclimate accustom oneself to a animus hate cachet prestige climate anomalous abnormal cacophony dissonance, harsh noise accost to approach and speak to someone antipathy repulsion, hatred callow inexperienced acquiesce agree passively antipodal exactly opposite canon rule acumen insight antiquated outdated, obsolete capacious spacious adamant insistent apathy indifference capitulate surrender admonish warn gently appease pacify castigate criticize adulterate contaminate, corrupt approbation approval cathartic purgative, purifying adversity hardship artless naive, simple catholic universal, worldly aegis that which protects ascetic self-denying caustic scathing (of speech) aesthetic pleasing to the senses, censure condemn assiduous hard-working beautiful chagrin embarrassment assimilate absorb affable friendly charlatan quack audacity boldness affinity fondness chary cautious auspicious favorable aggregate total, collect coagulate thicken austere harsh, Spartan aghast horrified coda concluding passage autonomous self-governing alacrity swiftness cogent well-put, convincing avarice greed alienate estrange, antagonize collusion conspiracy axiom self-evident truth alleviate lessen, assuage commensurate proportionate banal trite altruism benevolence, generosity commiserate empathize 459


The Ubiquitous 400 460 compensatory redeeming compliant submissive

digress ramble exacerbate worsen disabuse correct a misconception exasperate irritate exhibitionist one who draws conciliatory reconciling discerning observant attention to himself condone overlook wrong doing discord lack of harmony exonerate free from blame conducive helping discrete separate expedite hasten connoisseur an expert, gourmet discretion prudence extemporize improvise consensus general agreement disingenuous deceptive extol praise highly contentious argumentative disparate various facetious joking, sarcastic conundrum puzzle, enigma disseminate distribute facilitate make easier convoluted twisted, complicated dissent disagree fallacy false belief covenant agreement, pact dissolution disintegration fathom understand covert secret dissonance discord fervor intensity credence belief distend swell fickle always changing one’s mind credulous believing divest strip, deprive filibuster long speech cynical scornful of the motives of divulge disclose others fledgling just beginning, dogmatic certain, unchanging in dauntless courageous struggling opinion flout to show disregard for the law dearth scarcity dormant asleep or rules defamation (noun) slander eclectic from many sources foment instigate deference courteously yielding to efficacy effectiveness another forsake abandon effigy likeness, mannequin deleterious harmful fortuitous lucky effloresce to bloom delineate draw a line around, foster encourage describe effrontery insolence frugal thrifty demur take exception elicit provoke fulminate denounce, menace denigrate defame eloquent well-spoken furtive stealthy deprecate belittle emancipate liberate gainsay contradict desiccate dehydrate embellish exaggerate germane relevant endemic peculiar to a particular despot tyrant glib insincere manner region destitute poor gratuitous unwarranted, uncalled for enervate weaken desultory without direction in life gregarious sociable engender generate deterrent hindrance halcyon serene ennui boredom devoid empty hamper obstruct enumerate count devout pious harangue tirade esoteric known by only a few diatribe long denunciation harry harass esthetic artistic dichotomy a division into two parts hedonism excessive pursuit of euphemism genteel expression pleasure in life didactic instructional euphoria elation hegemony authority, domination diffident shy evanescent fleeting, very brief histrionic overly dramatic

461 GRE Prep Course

homogeneous uniform intrepid fearless omnipotent all-powerful hyperbole exaggeration inundate flood onerous burdensome hypocritical deceiving, two-faced inure accustom, habituate, harden opprobrium disgrace iconoclast one who rails against invective verbal insult oscillate waver sacred institutions inveigle lure paean a song of praise idiosyncrasy peculiarity irascible irritable paradigm a model imminent about to happen irresolute hesitant, uncertain paragon standard of excellence impecunious indigent itinerary route parody imitation, ridicule imperative vital, pressing judicious prudent parsimonious stingy imperturbable calm laconic brief, terse paucity scarcity impervious impenetrable lassitude lethargy pedagogical pertaining to teaching impetuous impulsive laudatory commendable pedantic bookish implicit implied levity frivolity penchant inclination impolitic unwise lucid clearly understood penury poverty impulsive to act suddenly lurid ghastly pernicious destructive impunity exemption from harm Machiavellian politically crafty, perpetuity eternity inadvertent unintentional cunning perspicacious keen incendiary inflammatory magnanimous generous, kindhearted pervade permeate incipient beginning magnate a powerful, successful philanthropic charitable person incontrovertible indisputable phlegmatic sluggish malevolence bad intent, malice incorrigible unreformable piety devoutness malinger shirk indifferent unconcerned pious devout, holy malleable moldable, tractable indigent poor piquant tart-tasting, spicy misanthrope hater of mankind indolent lazy pithy concise miscreant evildoer indomitable invincible platitude trite remark mitigate lessen the severity ineffable inexpressible platonic nonsexual mundane ordinary inert inactive plethora overabundance nadir lowest point inherent innate, inborn polemic a controversy narcissism self-love inhibit restrain posthumous after death nascent incipient inimical adverse, hostile pragmatic practical neologism newly coined expression insatiable gluttonous precarious dangerous, risky nonplus confound insidious treacherous precipitate cause noxious toxic insipid flat, dull precursor forerunner obfuscate bewilder, muddle insufferable unbearable preponderance predominance obtuse stupid insular narrow-minded presumptuous assuming obviate make unnecessary intangible not perceptible by touch pretentious affected, inflated odious despicable internecine mutually destructive pretext excuse officious forward, obtrusive intractable unmanageable


The Ubiquitous 400 462 prevaricate lie reprobate miscreant synthesis combination probity integrity repudiate disavow tacit understood without being spoken problematic uncertain requisite necessary temerity boldness prodigal wasteful rescind revoke tenuous thin, insubstantial prodigious marvelous, enormous resolute determined terse concise prodigy a person with extraordinary reticent reserved torpid lethargic, inactive ability or talent retribution reprisal tractable docile, manageable profligate licentious, prodigal reverent respectful transient fleeting, temporary profound deep, knowledgeable rhapsody ecstasy trenchant incisive, penetrating profusion overabundance rhetoric elocution, grandiloquence truculent fierce, savage prolific fruitful, productive sanctimonious self-righteous ubiquitous omnipresent, pervasive propensity inclination sanction approval ulterior hidden, covert proportionate commensurate sanguinary gory, murderous untenable cannot be achieved propriety decorum satiate satisfy fully untoward perverse prosaic uninspired, flat satire ridicule urbane refined, worldly proscribe prohibit schism rift vacillate waver protuberance bulge secular worldly, nonreligious venerable revered pundit politically astute person sedulous diligent veracity truthfulness pungent sharp smell or taste severance division verbose wordy qualms misgivings skeptical doubtful vernacular common speech quash put down, suppress solicitous considerate, concerned vex annoy querulous complaining solvent financially sound viable capable of surviving quixotic impractical, romantic sophistry specious reasoning vilify defame raconteur story teller specious false but plausible virulent deadly, poisonous recalcitrant stubborn spurious false, counterfeit vitriolic scathing recant retract squander waste vituperative abusive redoubtable formidable, steadfast stolid impassive vivacious lively refractory obstinate stupefy deaden, dumfound volatile unstable relegate assign to an inferior position stymie hinder, thwart voluminous bulky, extensive renege break a promise sullen sulky, sour voracious hungry renounce disown supercilious arrogant xenophobia fear of foreigners reprehensible blameworthy superfluous overabundant zealot fanatic reproach blame surfeit overabundance

Vocabulary 4000
abscess infected and inflamed tissue actuate induce, start abscond to run away (secretly) acumen insight a cappella without accompaniment absolve acquit à la carte priced separately abstain refrain a priori reasoning based on abstract theoretical, intangible general principles abstruse difficult to understand aback unexpected abut touch, border on abacus counting device abysmal deficient, sub par abandon desert, forsake abyss chasm abase degrade academy school abash humiliate, embarrass accede yield abate lessen accentuate emphasize abatement alleviation accession attainment of rank abbey monastery accessory attachment abbreviate shorten acclaim recognition, fame abdicate relinquish power or acclimate accustom oneself to a position climate abdomen belly acclivity ascent, incline abduct kidnap accolade applause aberrant abnormal accommodate adapt abet aid, encourage (typically of accomplice one who aids a lawbreaker accord agreement admissible allowable abhor detest accost to approach and speak to adjunct addition crime) administer manage abeyance postponement adjudicate judge adjourn discontinue adjacent next to adipose fatty adieu farewell adherent supporter adhere stick to adept skillful adduce offer as example addendum appendix adaptable pliable conditions adapt adjust to changing adamant insistent adage proverb ad-lib improvise ad nauseam to a ridiculous degree acute sharp, intense

admonish warn gently abide submit, endure someone ado fuss abject wretched accouter equip Adonis beautiful man abjure renounce accredit authorize adroit skillful ablate cut away accrete grow larger adulation applause ablution cleansing accrue accumulate adulterate contaminate, corrupt abode home accumulate amass adumbration overshadow abolish annul acerbic caustic (of speech) advent arrival abominable detestable acme summit adventitious accidental aboriginal indigenous acolyte assistant adversary opponent abortive unsuccessful acoustic pertaining to sound adverse unfavorable abound be plentiful acquaint familiarize adversity hardship abreast side-by-side acquiesce agree passively advise give counsel abridge shorten acquit free from blame advocate urge abroad overseas acrid pungent, caustic aegis that which protects abrogate cancel

acrimonious caustic, bitter aerial pertaining to the air abrupt ending suddenly acrophobia fear of heights 463


464 GRE Prep Course aerobics exercise agile nimble alms charity aesthetic pleasing to the senses, agitate stir up aloof arrogant beautiful agnate related on the father’s side altercation argument affable friendly agnostic not knowing whether God altitude height affect influence exists alto low female voice affectation pretense agrarian pertaining to farming allegory fable affidavit sworn written statement agronomy science of crop allegro fast production affiliate associate alleviate lessen, assuage air discuss, broadcast affiliation connection alliteration repetition of the same airs pretension affinity fondness sound akimbo with hands on hips affix fasten altruism benevolence, generosity akin related affliction illness amalgamation mixture al fresco outdoors affluent abundant, wealthy amass collect alacrity swiftness affray brawl ambient surrounding, environment albatross large sea bird affront insult ambiguous unclear albino lacking pigmentation aficionado devotee, ardent ambivalence conflicting emotions follower alcove recess, niche ambulatory able to walk afoul entangled alfresco outdoors ameliorate improve aft rear alias assumed name amenable agreeable aftermath consequence alibi excuse amend correct agape wonder alienate estrange, antagonize amenities courtesies, comforts agenda plan, timetable alight land, descend amenity pleasantness agent provocateur agitator allay to reassure amiable friendly aggrandize exaggerate allege assert without proof amid among aggravate worsen allegiance loyalty amiss wrong, out of place aggregate total, collect allocate distribute amity friendship aggressor attacker allot allocate amnesty pardon aggrieve mistreat allude refer to indirectly amoral without morals aggrieved unjustly injured ally unite for a purpose amorous loving, sexual aghast horrified almanac calendar with additional information Quiz 1 (Matching) Match each word in the first column with its definition in the second column. 1. ABASE A. applause 2. ABSTAIN B. caustic 3. ACOLYTE C. shorten 4. ABEYANCE D. applause 5. ABRIDGE E. assistant 6. ACCOLADE F. postponement 7. ACRIMONIOUS G. refrain 8. ADDUCE H. exercise 9. ADULATION I. degrade 10. AEROBICS J. offer as example amorphous shapeless amphitheater oval-shaped theater amuse entertain amortize pay by installments amuck murderous frenzy anachronistic out of historical order amphibious able to operate in amulet charm, talisman water and land anaerobic without oxygen

Vocabulary 4000 465 anagram a word formed by rearranging the letters of another word analgesic pain-soother aplomb poise analogous similar apocalyptic ominous, doomed analogy point by point comparison apocryphal of doubtful anarchist terrorist authenticity artifice trick anarchy absence of government anathema curse anecdote story ascendancy powerful state apotheosis deification aneurysm bulging in a blood ascertain discover vessel angst anxiety, dread appall horrify ascetic self-denying apparition phantom ascribe to attribute animadversion critical remark animated exuberant animosity dislike animus hate annals historical records annex to attach annihilate destroy appease pacify aseptic sterile appellation title ashen pale append affix asinine stupid apposite apt askance to view with suspicion apprehensive anxious askew crooked apprise inform aspersion slander approbation approval asphyxiate suffocate annotate to add explanatory notes annul cancel annular ring-shaped anodyne pain soothing anoint consecrate anomalous abnormal anonymity state of being apropos appropriate aspirant contestant apt suitable aspiration ambition aptitude ability assail attack aquatic pertaining to water assassin murderer arbiter judge assent agree arbitrament final judgment assert affirm arbitrary tyrannical, capricious assess appraise anonymous arcane secret assiduous hard-working antagonistic hostile archaic antiquated assimilate absorb antagonize harass archetype original model archipelago group of island assuage obsolete archives public records astral pertaining to stars anthology collection ardent passionate astringent disease ardor passion severe antic caper, prank arduous hard astute wise antipathy repulsion, hated argonauts gold-seekers, asunder apart antipodal exactly opposite adventurers asylum place of refuge lessen (pain) antediluvian apoplexy stroke artless naive, simple apostate one who abandons one’s ascend rise faith articulate well-spoken artful skillful, cunning arsenal supply aphasia speechless aphorism maxim arrogate seize without right arroyo gully

assonance partial rhyme antechamber waiting room


causing contraction, anthrax

antiquated outdated, obsolete antiquity ancient times antithesis direct opposite apartheid racial segregation apathetic unconcerned apathy indifference ape mimic aperture opening apex highest point

argot specialized vocabulary asymmetric uneven aria operatic song atavistic exhibiting the characterisarid dry, dull tics of one’s forebears aristocrat nobleman atelier workshop armada fleet of ships atoll reef

armistice truce atomize vaporize arraign indict atone make amends array arrangement atrophy the wasting away of arrears in debt muscle


466 GRE Prep Course attenuate weaken austere harsh, Spartan avuncular like an uncle attest testify authorize grant, sanction awry crooked attire dress automaton robot axiom self-evident truth attribute ascribe autonomous self-governing aye affirmative vote attrition deterioration, reduction auxiliary secondary azure sky blue atypical abnormal au courant well informed audacity boldness audient listening, attentive audition tryout augment increase augur predict august noble avail assistance avant garde vanguard avarice greed avatar incarnation bacchanal orgy averse loath, reluctant badger pester avert turn away badinage banter avian pertaining to birds bagatelle nonentity, trifle avid enthusiastic bailiwick area of concern or aura atmosphere, emanation auspices patronage, protection auspicious favorable avocation hobby business avouch attest, guarantee baleen whalebone avow declare Quiz 2 (Matching) Match each word in the first column with its definition in the second column. 1. ANATHEMA A. hard 2. ANNIHILATE B. curse 3. ANOMALOUS C. gully 4. APATHETIC D. suffocate 5. ARCHAIC E. antiquated 6. ARDUOUS F. destroy 7. ARROYO G. abnormal 8. ASPHYXIATE H. unconcerned 9. ASTRINGENT I. make amends 10. ATONE J. causing contraction baleful hostile, malignant batten fasten, board up belfry bell tower balk hesitate battery physical attack belie misrepresent balky hesitant bauble trinket belittle disparage ballad song beatify sanctify bellicose warlike ballast counterbalance beatitude state of bliss belligerent combative ballistics study of projectiles beckon lure bellow shout balm soothing ointment becoming proper bellwether leader, guide banal trite bedlam uproar bemoan lament bandy exchange befit to be suitable bemused bewildered bane poison, nuisance beget produce, procreate benchmark standard barbarian savage begrudge resent, envy benediction blessing bard poet beguile deceive, seduce benefactor patron baroque ornate behemoth monster benevolent kind barrister lawyer behest command benign harmless bask take pleasure in, sun beholden in debt bent determined basso low male voice belabor assail verbally bequeath will bastion fort belated delayed, overdue bequest gift, endowment bathos sentimentality beleaguer besiege berate scold

babbittry smugness

Vocabulary 4000 467 bereave rob boor vulgar person cadge beg bereft deprived of bootless unavailing cadre small group berserk crazed booty loot cajole encourage, coax beseech implore botch bungle calamity disaster beset harass, encircle bourgeois middle class calculating scheming besiege beleaguer, surround bovine cow-like caliber ability besmirch slander, sully boycott abstain in protest callous insensitive bespeak attest bracing refreshing callow inexperienced bestial beast-like, brutal brackish salty calumny slander bestow offer, grant brandish display menacingly camaraderie fellowship betrothed engaged bravado feigned bravery canaille rabble bevy group bravura technically difficult canard hoax bibliography list of sources of brawn strength candid frank, unrehearsed information brevity shortness of expression candor frankness bicameral having two legislative brigand robber canine pertaining to dogs branches brink edge canon rule bicker quarrel broach bring up a topic of cant insincere speech biennial occurring every two years conversation cantankerous peevish bilateral two-sided bromide cliché cantata musical composition bilious ill-tempered brook tolerate canvass survey bilk swindle browbeat to bully capacious spacious biodegradable naturally decaying brusque curt capillary thin tube biopsy removing tissue for bucolic rustic capital most significant, pertaining examination buffet blow to wealth biped two-footed animal buffoon fool capitol legislative building bistro tavern, cafe bulwark fortification capitulate surrender bivouac encampment buncombe empty, showy talk capricious fickle, impulsive blandish flatter, grovel buoyant floatable caption title blasé bored with life burgeon sprout captious fond of finding fault in blasphemy insulting God others burlesque farce bleak cheerless captivate engross, fascinate burly husky blight decay carafe bottle buttress support bliss happiness carbine rifle blithe joyous carcinogenic causing cancer bloated swollen carcinoma tumor bode portend cabal plot cardinal chief bogus forged, false cabaret night club cardiologist one who studies the bogy bugbear heart cache hiding place boisterous noisy careen swerve cachet prestige bolt move quickly and suddenly carrion decaying flesh cacophony dissonance, harsh noise bombast pompous speech cartographer mapmaker cadaver corpse bon vivant gourmet, epicure cascade waterfall cadaverous haggard bona fide made in good faith cashmere fine wool from Asia cadence rhythm bonanza a stroke of luck Cassandra unheeded prophet cadet a student of a military academy boon payoff castigate criticize



468 GRE Prep Course castrate remove the testicles casuistry specious reasoning cataclysm catastrophe categorical absolute, certain catastrophic disastrous cathartic purgative, purifying Quiz 3 (Matching) Match each word in the first column with its definition in the second column. 1. BESMIRCH A. unheeded prophet 2. BICAMERAL B. peevish 3. BILATERAL C. pertaining to dogs 4. BOOTLESS D. plot 5. BRANDISH E. farce 6. BURLESQUE F. display menacingly 7. CABAL G. unavailing 8. CANINE H. two-sided 9. CANTANKEROUS I. having two legislative branches 10. CASSANDRA J. sully catholic universal, worldly cherub cupid cloister refuge caucus meeting cherubic sweet, innocent clone duplicate cause célèbre celebrated legal case chicanery trickery clout influence caustic scathing (of speech) chide scold cloven split cauterize to sear chimerical imaginary, dreamlike cloy glut cavalier disdainful, nonchalant choleric easily angered cloyed jaded caveat warning chortle laugh, snort co-opt preempt, usurp caveat emptor buyer beware chronic continual coagulate thicken cavil quibble chronicle a history coalesce combine cavort frolic chronology arrangement by time coda concluding passage cede transfer ownership churl a boor coddle pamper celestial heavenly chutzpah gall codicil supplement to a will celibate abstaining from sex Cimmerian dim, unlit coercion force cenotaph empty tomb cipher zero coffer strong box censorious condemning speech circa about cogent well-put, convincing censure condemn circuitous roundabout cogitate ponder ceramics pottery circumcise remove the foreskin cognate from the same source cerebral pertaining to the brain circumlocution roundabout cognizant aware expression cessation a stoping cognomen family name circumspect cautious chafe abrade cohabit live together circumvent evade chagrin embarrassment cohere stick together citadel fortress chalice goblet cohort an associate citation summons to appear in champion defend coiffure hairdo court chaperon escort collaborate work together clamor noise charade pantomime collar seize clan extended family charlatan quack collateral securities for a debt clandestine secret chartreuse greenish yellow colloquial informal speech claustrophobia fear of enclosed chary cautious colloquy conference places chaste pure, virgin collusion conspiracy cleave split chasten castigate colonnade row of columns cleft split chateau castle comatose stupor clemency forgiveness cheeky brass, forward combine unite, blend clique a small group

Vocabulary 4000 469 commandeer seize for military use commemorate observe commend praise commensurate proportionate commiserate empathize commissary food store commission authorization to perform a task consolation comfort concubine mistress commodious spacious console comfort concur agree commodity product consolidate unite, strengthen concurrent simultaneous commodore naval officer consonant harmonious condescend patronize, talk down communion fellowship consort spouse to commutation exchange, consortium cartel condiment seasoning substitution conspicuous commiseration commute lessen punishment conspire plot condone overlook wrong doing compact covenant constellation helping compassion kindness consternation anxiety, conduit pipe compatible well-matched, bewilderment harmonious compatriot countryman compelling convincing compendium summary compensate make up for compensatory redeeming competence skillfulness compile collect complacent self-satisfied compliant submissive complicity guilt by association comport to conduct oneself composed cool, self-possessed compound augment comprehensive thorough comprise consist of compulsive obsessive compulsory obligatory contrast difference, comparison congeries pile confabulate discuss constrained confined confection candy construe interpret confederacy alliance consummate perfect confer bestow contagion infectious agent conference meeting contemplate meditate confidant trusted friend contempt disdain confide trust another (with secrets) contend struggle confiscate seize contented satisfied conflagration large fire contentious argumentative confluence flowing together contiguous adjacent, abutting confound bewilder continence self-control confront challenge contingent conditional confuse perplex contort twist confute disprove contraband illicit goods congeal solidify contraction shrinkage congenial friendly contractual related to a contract congenital inborn, existing from contrariety opposition birth obvious conclusive convincing, ending conscientious honorable, upright doubt conscription draft, enlistment concoct devise consecrate make holy concomitant accompanying, consecutive one after another concurrent consensus general agreement concord accord considered well thought out concordat agreement consign assign concourse throng


arrangement of stars conducive

compunction remorse contravene oppose congruence conformity concatenate link concave curving inward contrite apologetic conjecture hypothesis concede yield, grant concerted done together controversial summon conch spiral shell controvert dispute connive conspire conciliatory reconciling contumacy disobedience connoisseur expert, gourmet concise brief contusion bruise consanguineous blood conundrum puzzle, enigma

contretemps unfortunate occurrence coniferous bearing cones

contrive arrange, artificial conjugal pertaining to marriage

subject to dispute conjure


related by


470 GRE Prep Course convene assemble (a group) corps group of people cower showing fear conventional customary, standard corpulent fat crass crude converge come together corroborate confirm crave desire conversant familiar cortege procession craven cowardly converse opposite coruscate sparkle credence belief convex curving outward cosmopolitan worldly, sophisticated credenza buffet convey communicate cosset coddle credulity gullibility conviction strongly held belief coterie small group credulous believing convivial sociable, festive countenance facial expression creed belief convocation gathering countermand overrule crescendo becoming louder convoke convene, summon counterstrike strike back crestfallen dejected convoluted twisted, complicated countervail counterbalance crevice crack copious abundant coup master stroke cringe cower coquette a flirt coup de grâce final stroke, a blow criterion a standard used in judging of mercy cordial friendly critique examination, criticism court-martial military trial cordon bond, chain croon sing courtesan prostitute cornucopia cone-shaped horn cruet bottle filled with fruit courtier member of the king’s crux gist, key court corollary consequence cryptic mysterious covenant agreement, pact coronation crowning of a sovereign covert secret corporeal of the body covet desire Quiz 4 (Matching) Match each word in the first column with its definition in the second column. 1. COMMANDEER A. seize for military use 2. COMMUNION B. apologetic 3. COMPATRIOT C. perfect 4. CONCERTED D. accord 5. CONCORD E. done together 6. CONFLUENCE F. pile 7. CONGERIES G. flowing together 8. CONSONANT H. harmonious 9. CONSUMMATE I. countryman 10. CONTRITE J. fellowship cubism a style of painting curmudgeon boor cudgel club curriculum course of study culinary pertaining to cooking cull pick out, select culminate climax culpable blameworthy culprit offender culvert drain cumbersome unwieldy de rigueur very formal cynosure celebrity cumulative accumulate deadpan expressionless czar Russian emperor cupidity greed dearth scarcity curb restrain, block debacle a rout, defeat curry seek favor by flattery dais platform cursory hasty dally procrastinate curt abrupt, rude dank damp curtail shorten dauntless courageous cyclone storm de facto actual cynical scornful of the motives of de jure legally others

dab touch lightly

Vocabulary 4000 471

debase degrade degrade demean depredation preying on, plunder debauch corrupt dehydrate dry out deprive take away debauchery indulgence deign condescend deracinate uproot debilitate weaken deity a god derelict negligent debonair sophisticated, affable delectable delicious deride ridicule debrief interrogate delegate authorize derisive mocking debunk refute, expose delete remove derogatory degrading debutante a girl debuting into deleterious harmful derrick crane society deliberate ponder desecrate profane decadence decay (e.g. moral) delineate draw a line around, desiccate dehydrate decant pour describe designate appoint decapitate kill by beheading delinquent negligent, culpable desist stop decathlon athletic contest delirium mental confusion, ecstasy desolate forsaken deceive trick delude deceive despicable contemptible deciduous shedding leaves deluge a flood despise loathe decimate destroy delve dig, explore (of ideas) despondent depressed decipher decode demagogue a politician who despot tyrant appeals to base instincts decline decrease in number destitute poor demean degrade decommission take a ship out of desuetude disuse service demeanor behavior desultory without direction in life decorous seemly demented deranged detached emotionally removed decorum protocol demise death detain confine decree official order demobilize disband détente truce decrepitude enfeeblement demography study of human detention confinement populations decry castigate deter discourage, prevent demoralize dishearten deduce conclude deterrent hindrance demote lower in rank deduct subtract detract lessen demur take exception deem judge detractor one who criticizes demure sedate, reserved deface mar, disfigure detrimental harmful denigrate defame defamation (noun) slander detritus debris denizen dweller defame (verb) slander devastate lay waste denomination class, sect defeatist one who is resigned to deviate turn away from defeat denote signify, stand for devise plan defer postpone denouement resolution devoid empty deference courteously yielding to denounce condemn another devotee enthusiast, follower denude strip bare deficit shortage devout pious depart leave defile pollute diabolical devilish depict portray definitive conclusive, final dialectic pertaining to debate deplete exhaust deflect turn aside diaphanous sheer, translucent deplore condemn deflower despoil diatribe long denunciation deploy arrange forces defraud swindle dicey risky deportment behavior defray pay dichotomy a division into two parts deposition testimony deft skillful dictate command depravity immorality defunct extinct dictum saying deprecate belittle


472 GRE Prep Course didactic instructional diligent hard-working disavow deny diffident shy diminution reduction disband disperse digress ramble diocese district disburse pay out dilapidated neglected dire dreadful discernible visible dilate enlarge dirigible airship, blimp discerning observant dilatory procrastinating disabuse correct disclaim renounce dilemma a difficult choice disaffect alienate disconcert confuse dilettante amateur, dabbler disarray disorder Quiz 5 (Matching) Match each word in the first column with its definition in the second column. 1. DEBUNK A. decode 2. DECIPHER B. refute 3. DEDUCE C. conclusive 4. DEFINITIVE D. conclude 5. DEFUNCT E. to draw a line around 6. DELINEATE F. extinct 7. DENOMINATION G. belittle 8. DEPRECATE H. sect 9. DESOLATE I. pertaining to debate 10. DIALECTIC J. forsaken disconsolate inconsolable dispassionate impartial distraught distressed discord lack of harmony dispatch send distrust suspect discourse conversation dispel cause to banish dither move without purpose discreet prudent disperse scatter diurnal daily discrepancy difference dispirit discourage diva prima donna discrete separate disposition attitude diverge branch off discretion prudence dispossess take away possessions diverse varying discriminating able to see disputatious fond of arguing diversion pastime differences dispute debate diversity variety discursive rambling disquietude anxiety divest strip, deprive disdain contempt disquisition elaborate treatise dividend distributed profits disengage release, detach disrepute disgrace divine foretell disfigure mar, ruin dissemble pretend divisive causing conflict disgruntle disappointed disseminate distribute divulge disclose dishevel muss dissent disagree docile domesticated, trained disinclination unwillingness dissertation lecture dock curtail disingenuous deceptive dissidence disagreement doctrinaire dogmatic disinter unearth dissipate scatter document verify disinterested impartial dissolute profligate, immoral dodder tremble disjointed disconnected, incoherent dissolution disintegration dogged persistent dismal gloomy dissonance discord doggerel poor verse dismantle take apart dissuade deter dogmatic certain, unchanging in dismay dread opinion distend swell disparage belittle dolce sweetly distortion misinterpret, lie disparate various doldrums dullness distract divert disparity difference doleful sorrowful distrait preoccupied, absent-minded

Vocabulary 4000 473 dolorous gloomy domicile home dominion authority don assume, put on donor contributor dormant asleep dossier file dotage senility edify instruct embroil involve editorialize express an opinion embryonic rudimentary educe draw forth, evoke emend correct efface obliterate emergent appearing effeminate unmanly emeritus retired, but retaining title effervescence exuberance eminent distinguished, famous effete worn out emissary messenger efficacious effective emote to display exaggerated emotion doting attending efficacy effectiveness empathy compassion, sympathy double-entendre having two effigy likeness, mannequin meanings one of which is sexually employ use effloresce to bloom suggestive empower enable, grant effrontery insolence doughty resolute, unafraid emulate imitate effulgent brilliant dour sullen enact decree, ordain effusion pouring forth dowager widow enamored charmed, captivated egocentric self-centered doyen dean of a group enate related on the mother’s side egregious grossly wrong draconian harsh encapsulate condense egress exit dregs residue, riffraff enchant charm ejaculate exclaim drivel inane speech enclave area enclosed within eke to supplement with great droll amusing another region effort, strain drone speak in a monotonic voice encomium praise elaboration detailed explanation dubious doubtful encompass contain, encircle elate raise spirits ductile stretchable encore additional performance electorate voters dudgeon resentment, indignant encroach trespass eleemosynary pertaining to charity humor encumber burden elegant refined, exquisite duenna governess encyclopedic comprehensive elegiac sad duet twosome endear enamor elephantine large dulcet melodious endeavor attempt, strive elicit provoke dupe one who is easily trick, victim endemic peculiar to a particular elide omit duplicity deceit, treachery region elite upper-class duress coercion endocrinologist one who studies ellipsis omission of words glands of internal secretion dynamic energetic eloquent well-spoken endoderm within the skin elucidate make clear endorse approve elude evade endowment property, gift elusive evasive ebb recede emaciated underfed, gaunt ebullient exuberant weaken emancipate liberate eccentric odd, weird liberate

endure suffer enfranchise


emasculate castrate, dispirit ecclesiastical churchly enchanting, charming embargo restriction echelon degree embellish exaggerate éclat brilliance a material embezzlement theft eclectic from many sources captivate emblazon imprint, brand ectoderm top layer of skin overwhelm embody personify ecumenical universal embrace accept edict order embrangle embroil edifice building


engender generate engrave carve into engross engulf enhance improve enigmatic puzzling


474 GRE Prep Course enjoin urge, order enlighten inform epidemic spreading rapidly escarpment a steep slope epidemiology study of the spread eschew avoid of disease enlist join esoteric known by only a few epigram saying enmity hostility, hatred esplanade boardwalk episode incident ennoble exalt espouse advocate epistemology the branch of ennui boredom esteem respect philosophy dealing with knowledge enormity large, tragic esthetic artistic epithet name, appellation ensemble musical group estimable meritorious epoch era enshroud cover estrange alienate epoxy glue ensnare trap eternal endless equable even-tempered ensue follow immediately ethereal light, airy equanimity composure entail involve, necessitate ethical conforming to accepted equine pertaining to horses standards of behavior enterprise undertaking equitable fair ethos beliefs of a group enthrall mesmerize equivocate make intentionally etiquette manners entice lure ambiguous etymology study of words entomology the study of insects era period of time euphemism genteel expression entourage assemblage eradicate abolish euphoria elation entreat plead ergo therefore euthanasia mercy-killing entrench fortify erode wear away evade avoid entrepreneur businessman err mistake, misjudge evanescent fleeting, very brief enumerate count errant wandering evangelical proselytizing enviable desirable erratic constantly changing evasive elusive envision imagine erroneous mistaken eventful momentous envoy messenger ersatz artificial eventual ultimate, coming eon long period of time erudite learned eventuate bring about ephemeral short-lived erupt burst forth evidential pertaining to evidence epic majestic escalate intensify evince attest, demonstrate epicure gourmet escapade adventure Quiz 6 (Matching) Match each word in the first column with its definition in the second column. 1. DORMANT A. exuberant 2. DOUGHTY B. puzzling 3. DUET C. comprehensive 4. EBULLIENT D. asleep 5. EFFEMINATE E. omission of words 6. ELLIPSIS F. unmanly 7. EMANCIPATE G. charm 8. ENCHANT H. liberate 9. ENCYCLOPEDIC I. twosome 10. ENIGMATIC J. resolute eviscerate disembowel exact use authority to force payment exclaim shout evoke draw forth exacting demanding, difficult exclude shut out evolution gradual change exalt glorify exclusive prohibitive ewe female sheep exasperate irritate excommunicate expel ex officio by virtue of position excerpt selection, extract excruciate torture exacerbate worsen excision removal execrable abominable

Vocabulary 4000 475 execute put into effect exegesis interpretation exemplary outstanding exempt excuse exhaustive thorough extremity farthest point fecund fertile extricate disentangle feign pretend extroverted outgoing felicity happiness extrude force out felonious criminal exuberant joyous femme fatale a woman who leads men to their destruction exhibitionist one who draws exude emit attention to himself fend ward off exult rejoice exhort strongly urge exhume uncover exigency urgency

feral untamed, wild ferment turmoil ferret rummage through fabrication a lie exiguous scanty fertile fruitful facade mask exile banish fervor intensity facet aspect exodus departure, migration fester decay facetious joking, sarcastic exonerate free from blame festive joyous facile easy exorbitant expensive festoon decorate facilitate make easier exorcise expel fete to honor facility skill expanse extent of land fetid stinking facsimile duplicate expansive sweeping fetters shackles faction clique, sect expedient advantageous fey eccentric, whimsical factious causing disagreement expedite hasten fiasco debacle factitious artificial expel drive out fiat decree factotum handyman expertise knowledge, ability fickle always changing one’s mind fallacious false expiate atone fictitious invented, imaginary fallacy false belief expletive oath fidelity loyalty fallow unproductive, unplowed expliate atone figment falsehood, fantasy falsetto high male voice explicate explain filch steal falter waver explicit definite, clear filial son fanaticism excessive zeal exploit utilize, milk filibuster long speech fane temple expose divulge fillip stimulus fanfare publicity expostulate protest finale conclusion farcical absurd expound explain finesse skill farrago mixture expropriate dispossess firebrand agitator fascism totalitarianism expunge erase firmament sky fastidious meticulous exquisite beautifully made fiscal monetary fatal resulting in death extant existing fitful irregular fathom understand extemporize improvise fjord inlet fatuity foolishness extent scope flabbergasted amazed, bumdfounded fatuous inane, stupid extenuate mitigate flagellate whip fauna animals extirpate seek out and destroy flagrant outrageous faux pas false step, mistake extol praise highly flail whip fealty loyalty extort extract, force fledgling just beginning, struggling feasible likely to succeed extract to pull out, exact flippant pert feat deed extradite deport, deliver florid ruddy febrile feverish, delirious extraneous not essential flout to show disregard for the law or rules feckless incompetent extrapolate infer



476 GRE Prep Course fluctuate waver, vary forswear deny frivolity playfulness foible weakness, minor fault forthright frank frolic romp, play foil defeat forthwith immediately frond bending tree foist palm off a fake fortify strengthen frugal thrifty foment instigate fortitude patience, courage fruitful productive font source, fountainhead, set of type fortuitous lucky fruition realization, completion forage search for food foster encourage fruitless unprofitable, barren foray raid founder sink fulminate denounce, menace forbear abstain fracas noisy fight fulsome excessive, insincere force majeure superior force fragile easily broken fuming angry foreclose exclude fragmented broken into fragments furlough leave of absence forensic pertaining to debate fraternity brotherhood furor commotion foresight ability to predict the future fraught filled furtive stealthy forestall thwart frenetic harried, neurotic fusillade bombardment forgo relinquish fret worry futile hopeless forsake abandon fritter squander Quiz 7 (Matching) Match each word in the first column with its definition in the second column. 1. EXHORT A. free from blame 2. EXONERATE B. strongly urge 3. EXPOSTULATE C. agitator 4. EXTRADITE D. untamed 5. EXULT E. debacle 6. FACTITIOUS F. inane 7. FATUOUS G. artificial 8. FERAL H. deport 9. FIASCO I. rejoice 10. FIREBRAND J. protest genre kind, category gnome dwarf-like being genteel elegant goad encourage gaffe embarrassing mistake genuflect kneel in reverence googol a very large number gainful profitable genuine authentic gorge stuff, satiate gainsay contradict geriatrics pertaining to old age gorgon ugly person galvanize excite to action germane relevant gormandize eat voraciously gambit plot ghastly horrible gory bloody gamut range gibe heckle gossamer thin and flimsy gargantuan large gingivitis inflammation of the gums Gothic medieval garner gather gist essence gouge overcharge garnish decorate glabrous without hair gracious kindness garrote stranglehold glaucoma disorder of the eye gradient incline, rising by degrees garrulous talkative glean gather gradual by degrees gauche awkward glib insincere manner grandiose impressive, large genealogy ancestry glower stare angrily granular grainy generic general glut surplus, excess grapple struggle genesis beginning glutton one who eats too much gratis free genetics study of heredity gnarl deform gratitude thankfulness


Vocabulary 4000 477 gratuitous unwarranted, uncalled for gratuity tip in life hovel shanty, cabin gravamen the essential part of an accusation heedless careless hubris arrogance gravity seriousness hegemony authority, domination hue color gregarious sociable hegira a journey to a more pleasant humane compassionate grievous tragic, heinous grimace expression of disgust grisly gruesome grovel crawl, obey humus soil helix a spiral grudging reluctant husbandry management helots slaves guffaw laughter hybrid crossbreed herald harbinger guile deceit hydrophobia feeding on plants gullible easily deceived hygienic sanitary Herculean powerful, large gusto great enjoyment guttural throaty gyrate whirl place humanities languages and literature heinous vile humility humbleness heliocentric having the sun as a hummock knoll, mound center heed follow advice hoyden tomboy hearsay gossip hortatory inspiring good deeds hospice shelter

hedonism the pursuit of pleasure

fear of water herbivorous

hymeneal pertaining to marriage hermetic airtight, sealed

hymn religious song hermit one who lives in solitude

hyperactive overactive herpetologist one who studies hyperbole exaggeration hypertension elevated blood pressure hypocritical deceiving, two-faced



heterodox departing form established doctrines habitat natural environment habituate accustom hew cut hackneyed trite heyday glory days haggard gaunt hiatus interruption hibernal wintry hale healthy hidalgo nobleman hallucination delusion

heuristic teaching device or method

hypoglycemic low blood sugar hypothermia low body temperature

I halcyon


ibidem in the same place hidebound prejudiced hamper obstruct ichthyology study of fish hideous horrible hapless unlucky iconoclast one who rails against harangue tirade harass torment harbinger forerunner harbor give shelter, conceal hardy healthy hie to hasten sacred institutions highbrow intellectual idiosyncrasy peculiarity hirsute bearded idyllic natural, picturesque histrionic overly dramatic ignoble dishonorable holograph written entirely by hand ilk class, clan homage respect

harlequin clown harp complain incessantly harridan hag harrowing distressing harry harass haughty arrogant haven refuge

illicit unlawful homely plain illimitable limitless homily sermon illusory fleeting homogeneous uniform illustrious famous homonym words that are identical imbibe drink in spelling and pronunciation imbue infuse hone sharpen horde group

havoc destruction


478 GRE Prep Course Quiz 8 (Matching) Match each word in the first column with its definition in the second column. 1. GRANDIOSE A. drink 2. GRIEVOUS B. pertaining to marriage 3. HALCYON C. arrogance 4. HARLEQUIN D. prejudiced 5. HEDONISM E. teaching device or method 6. HEURISTIC F. the pursuit of pleasure in life 7. HIDEBOUND G. clown 8. HUBRIS H. serene 9. HYMENEAL I. heinous 10. IMBIBE J. impressive immaculate spotlessly clean impinge encroach, touch inalienable that which cannot be taken away immaterial irrelevant implant instill inane vacuous, stupid immense huge implausible unlikely inanimate inorganic, lifeless immerse bathe implement carry out, execute inaudible cannot be heard imminent about to happen implicate incriminate inaugurate induct immobile still implicit implied inborn innate immolate sacrifice implore entreat incalculable immeasurable immunity exemption from implosion bursting inward prosecution incandescent brilliant impolitic unwise immure build a wall around incantation chant imponderable difficult to estimate immutable unchangeable incapacitate disable import meaning, significance impair injure incarcerate imprison importune urgent request impale pierce incarnate embody, personify imposing intimidating impartial not biased incendiary inflammatory imposition intrusion impasse deadlock incense enrage impotent powerless impassioned fiery, emotional incentive stimulus impound seize impassive calm incessant unceasing imprecation curse, inculcate impeach accuse, charge incest sex among family members impregnable invincible impeccable faultless inchoate just begun impresario promoter impecunious indigent incidental insignificant, minor impressionable susceptible, easily impede hinder influenced incinerate burn impediment obstacle impressionism a style of painting incipient beginning impel urge, force imprimatur sanction incision cut impending approaching impromptu spontaneous incisive keen, penetrating imperative vital, pressing improvise invent incite foment, provoke imperceptible slight, intangible impudence insolence incivility disdain imperialism colonialism impugn criticize inclement harsh imperil endanger impulse inclination inclusive comprehensive imperious domineering impulsive to act suddenly incognito disguised impertinent insolent impunity exemption from harm incommunicado unable to communicate with others imperturbable calm impute charge incomparable peerless impervious impenetrable in toto in full, entirely incompatibility inability to live in impetuous impulsive inadvertent unintentional harmony impetus stimulus, spark inadvisable not recommended

Vocabulary 4000 479 inconceivable unthinkable indomitable invincible infraction violation incongruous out of place, absurd indubitable unquestionable infringe encroach inconsiderate thoughtless induce persuade infuriate enrage inconspicuous not noticeable indulge succumb to desire infuse inspire, instill incontrovertible indisputable indurate harden ingenious clever incorporate combine industrious hard-working ingrate ungrateful person incorrigible unreformable inebriate intoxicate ingratiate pleasing, endearing incredulous skeptical ineffable inexpressible ingress entering increment step, increase ineffectual futile inherent innate, inborn incriminate accuse ineluctable inescapable inhibit restrain incubus nightmare inept unfit inimical adverse, hostile inculcate instill, indoctrinate inert inactive inimitable peerless inculpate accuse inestimable priceless iniquitous unjust, wicked incumbent obligatory inevitable unavoidable, predestined iniquity sin incursion raid inexorable relentless initiate begin indecent offensive infallible unerring initiation induction ceremony indecorous unseemly infamous notorious injunction command indelible permanent infamy shame inkling hint indemnity insurance infantry foot soldiers innate inborn indict charge infatuate immature love innervate invigorate indifferent unconcerned infer conclude innocuous harmless indigenous native infernal hellish innovative new, useful idea indigent poor infidel nonbeliever innuendo insinuation indignant resentment of injustice infidelity disloyalty inopportune untimely indiscreet lacking sound judgment, infiltrate trespass inordinate excessive rash infinitesimal very small inquest investigation indiscriminate random infirmary clinic inquisition interrogation indispensable vital, essential infirmity ailment inquisitive curious indistinct blurry, without clear inflammatory incendiary features influx inflow indolent lazy Quiz 9 (Matching) Match each word in the first column with its definition in the second column. 1. INCONGRUOUS A. harden 2. INCONSPICUOUS B. relentless 3. INDECOROUS C. hostile 4. INDIGNANT D. interrogation 5. INDURATE E. out of place, absurd 6. INEXORABLE F. not noticeable 7. INIMICAL G. unseemly 8. INQUISITION H. resentment of injustice 9. INSOUCIANT I. nonchalant 10. INSUPERABLE J. insurmountable insatiable gluttonous insensate without feeling insinuate allude inscribe engrave insidious treacherous insipid flat, dull inscrutable cannot be fully insignia emblems insolent insulting understood


480 GRE Prep Course insolvent bankrupt inure accustom, habituate, harden juncture pivotal point in time insouciant nonchalant invalidate disprove junoesque stately beauty installment portion invective verbal insult junta small ruling group instant at once inveigh to rail against jurisdiction domain instigate incite inveigle lure jurisprudence law insubordinate disobedient inventive cleaver, resourceful justify excuse, mitigate insufferable unbearable inverse directly opposite juvenescent making young insular narrow-minded inveterate habitual, chronic juxtapose to place side by side

K insuperable
incurring ill-will insurgent rebellious insurrection uprising invincible cannot be defeated inviolate sacred intangible not perceptible by touch integral essential integrate make whole integration unification integument a covering kindred similar irrational illogical intelligentsia the intellectual elite invocation calling on God events irascible irritable keen of sharp mind irate angry



kaleidoscope series of changing

ken purview, range of comprehension ironic oddly contrary to what is kindle arouse, inspire expected

kinetic pertaining to motion irrelevant unrelated, immaterial intensive extreme kismet fate irreparable cannot be repaired inter bury kite bad check irresolute hesitant, uncertain intercede plead on behalf of another kitsch trashy art irrevocable cannot be rescinded intercept prevent kleptomania impulse to steal isosceles having two equal sides interdict prohibit knave con man itinerant wandering interject interrupt knead massage itinerary route interloper intruder knell sound of a bell

J interlude
interminable unending internecine mutually destructive interpolate insert

intermission Koran holy book of Islam kowtow behave obsequiously

jabberwocky nonsense

kudos acclaim

L jaded

spent, bored with one’s

interpose insert situation interregnum interval between two jargon specialized vocabulary successive reigns labyrinth maze jaundiced biased, embittered interrogate question lacerate tear, cut jeer mock intersperse scatter lachrymose tearful jejune barren interstate between states lackey servant jest joke intervene interfere, mediate laconic brief, terse jilt reject intestate leaving no will lactic derived from milk jingoistic nationalistic, warmongering intimate allude to lacuna a missing part, gap jocular humorous intractable unmanageable laggard loafer jostle push, brush against intransigent unyielding lagniappe bonus journeyman reliable worker intrepid fearless laity laymen joust combat between knights on intricate complex horses lambent softly radiant intrigue plot, mystery jubilant in high spirits lament mourn intrinsic inherent judicious prudent lamina layer introspection self-analysis juggernaut unstoppable force lampoon satirize inundate flood jugular throat

Vocabulary 4000 481 languish weaken linguistics study of language magnitude size lanyard short rope liquidate eliminate magnum opus masterpiece larceny theft lissome agile, supple maim injure largess generous donation listless lacking spirit or interest maladjusted disturbed lascivious lustful litany list maladroit clumsy lassitude lethargy lithe supple malady illness latent potential litigate contest malaise uneasiness, weariness laudatory commendable litotes two negative statements that malapropism comical misuse of a cancel to make a positive statement word laurels fame liturgy ceremony malcontent one who is forever lave wash dissatisfied livid enraged lavish extravagant malediction curse loath reluctant lax loose, careless malefactor evildoer loathe abhor laxity carelessness malevolence bad intent, malice lofty high layman nonprofessional malfeasance wrong doing logistics means of supplying troops lectern reading desk malice spite logo symbol leery cautious malign defame logy sluggish legacy bequest malignant virulent, pernicious loquacious talkative legerdemain trickery malinger shirk lothario rake, womanizer legible readable malleable moldable, tractable lout goon legislate make laws malodorous fetid lucid clearly understood legitimate lawful mammoth huge lucrative profitable lenient forgiving manacle shackle lucre money, profit lethargic drowsy, sluggish mandate command ludicrous absurd levee embankment, dam mandatory obligatory lugubrious sad leviathan a monster mandrill baboon luminous bright levity frivolity mania madness lupine wolf-like liable responsible manifest obvious, evident lure entice liaison relationship, affair manifesto proclamation lurid ghastly libertarian one who believes in manifold multiple, diverse complete freedom luster gloss manslaughter killing someone libertine roué, rake luxuriant lush without malice libidinous lustful lynch hang without trial manumit set free

M licentious
lien financial claim lieutenant one who acts in place of

lewd, immoral manuscript unpublished book mar damage

cunning ligneous woodlike machination plot Lilliputian very small

marauder plunderer macabre gruesome another marginal insignificant Machiavellian politically crafty, ligature bond marionette puppet maroon abandon marshal array, mobilize martial warlike martinet disciplinarian martyr sacrifice, symbol kindhearted lineage

macrobiosis longevity limerick poem macroscopic visibly large limn portray, describe maelstrom whirlpool limpid transparent, clearly understood linchpin something that is

magisterial arbitrary, dictatorial

magnanimous generous, masochist one who enjoys pain magnate a powerful, successful masticate chew person




482 GRE Prep Course

mastiff large dog matutinal early mea culpa my fault mastodon extinct elephant maudlin weepy, sentimental meager scanty maternal motherly maul rough up meander roam, ramble maternity motherhood mausoleum tomb median middle matriarch matron maverick a rebel mediocre average matriculate enroll mawkish sickeningly sentimental matrix array mayhem mutilation Quiz 10 (Matching) Match each word in the first column with its definition in the second column. 1. LACHRYMOSE A. trickery 2. LAGGARD B. roué 3. LASCIVIOUS C. very small 4. LEGERDEMAIN D. tearful 5. LIBERTINE E. loafer 6. LILLIPUTIAN F. lustful 7. LOQUACIOUS G. talkative 8. MACHIAVELLIAN H. comical misuse of a word 9. MAGISTERIAL I. arbitrary, dictatorial 10. MALAPROPISM J. politically crafty, cunning medley mixture metonymy the substitution of a miscellany mixture of items phrase for the name itself megalith ancient stone monument misconstrue misinterpret mettle courage, capacity for bravery melancholy reflective, gloomy miscreant evildoer miasma toxin melee riot misgiving doubt mien appearance, bearing mellifluous sweet sounding misnomer wrongly named migrate travel melodious melodic misogyny hatred of women milieu environment memento souvenir misshapen deformed militant combative memoir autobiography missive letter militate work against memorabilia things worth mitigate lessen the severity milk extract remembering mnemonics that which aids the millennium thousand-year period memorandum note memory minatory threatening menagerie zoo mobilize assemble for action mince chop, moderate mendacity untruth mobocracy rule by mob minion subordinate mendicant beggar modicum pittance minstrel troubadour menial humble, degrading modish chic minuscule small mentor teacher module unit minute very small mercantile commercial mogul powerful person minutiae trivia mercenary calculating, venal molest bother mirage illusion mercurial changeable, volatile mollify appease mire marsh metamorphosis a change in form molten melted mirth jollity mete distribute momentous of great importance misanthrope hater of mankind meteoric swift monocle eyeglass misappropriation use dishonestly meteorology science of weather monolithic large and uniform misbegotten illegitimate methodical systematic, careful monologue long speech miscarry abort meticulous extremely careful, monstrosity distorted, abnormal precise form miscegenation intermarriage between races metier occupation moot disputable

Vocabulary 4000 483 moral ethical muzzle restrain niggardly stingy morale spirit, confidence myopic narrow-minded nimble spry morass swamp, difficult situation myriad innumerable nirvana bliss moratorium postponement myrmidons loyal followers noctambulism sleepwalking mordant biting, sarcastic mystique mystery, aura nocturnal pertaining to night mores moral standards mythical fictitious nocturne serenade near death nomad wanderer nomenclature terminology nadir lowest point nominal slight, in name only narcissism self-love nominate propose narrate tell, recount nominee candidate nascent incipient nonchalant casual natal related to birth noncommittal neutral, circumspect nativity the process of birth nondescript lacking distinctive naturalize grant citizenship features ne’er-do-well loafer, idler mottled spotted nebulous indistinct motto slogan, saying necromancy sorcery mountebank charlatan nefarious evil mousy drab, colorless negate cancel muckraker reformer negligible insignificant muffle stifle, quiet nemesis implacable foe mulct defraud neologism newly coined expression multifarious diverse, many-sided neonatal newborn multitude throng neophyte beginner mundane ordinary nepotism favoritism munificent generous nervy brash murmur mutter, mumble nether under muse ponder nettle irritate muster to gather one’s forces neurotic disturbed mutability able to change neutralize offset, nullify mute silent nexus link mutilate maim nicety euphemism mutiny rebellion niche nook mutter murmur, grumble Quiz 11 (Matching) Match each word in the first column with its definition in the second column. 1. MISCELLANY A. peerless 2. MISSIVE B. to gather one’s forces 3. MOOT C. newly coined expression 4. MOUNTEBANK D. self-love 5. MULTIFARIOUS E. loyal followers 6. MUSTER F. letter 7. MYRMIDONS G. diverse 8. NARCISSISM H. charlatan 9. NEOLOGISM I. disputable 10. NONPAREIL J. mixture of items nuisance annoyance nugatory useless, worthless nubile marriageable nub crux nuance shade, subtlety noxious toxic novice beginner novel new, unique nova bright star nouveau riche newly rich notorious wicked, widely known noted famous notable remarkable, noteworthy nonplus confound nonpartisan neutral, uncommitted nonpareil unequaled, peerless nonesuch paragon, one in a thousand

N moribund

noisome harmful

morose sullen morphine painkilling drug morsel bite, piece mortify humiliate mosque temple mote speck motif theme motive reason motley diverse

nonentity person of no significance


484 GRE Prep Course nullify void odious despicable ordain appoint nullity nothingness odoriferous pleasant odor orderly neat numismatics coin collecting odyssey journey ordinance law nurture nourish, foster offal inedible parts of a butchered ordnance artillery animal nymph goddess orient align offertory church collection officiate supervise officious forward, obtrusive ornithology study of birds oaf awkward person obdurate unyielding obeisance homage, deference obelisk tall column, monument obese fat offset counterbalance orthodox conventional ogle flirt oscillate waver ogre monster, demon ossify harden oleaginous oily ostensible apparent, seeming oligarchy aristocracy ostentatious pretentious obfuscate bewilder, muddle obituary eulogy objective (adj.) unbiased objective (noun) goal objectivity impartiality oblation offering, sacrifice obligatory required oblige compel olio medley ostracize ban ominous threatening otherworldly spiritual omnibus collection, compilation otiose idle omnipotent all-powerful ouster ejection omniscient all-knowing outmoded out-of-date onerous burdensome outré eccentric onslaught attack outset beginning ontology the study of the nature of ovation applause existence obliging accommodating, overrule disallow considerate oblique indirect obliquity perversity obliterate destroy oblong elliptical, oval obloquy slander onus burden overture advance, proposal opaque nontransparent overweening arrogant, forward operative working overwhelm overpower operetta musical comedy overwrought overworked, highopiate narcotic strung opine think ovum egg, cell obscure vague, unclear obsequious fawning, servile obsequy funeral ceremony opportune well-timed oppress persecute oppressive burdensome

ornate lavishly decorated

orison prayer


pachyderm elephant observant watchful opprobrious abusive, scornful pacifist one who opposes all violence obsolete outdated opprobrium disgrace pacify appease obstinate stubborn oppugn assail pact agreement obstreperous noisy, unruly opt decide, choose paean a song of praise obtain gain possession optimum best condition pagan heathen, ungodly obtrusive forward, meddlesome optional elective page attendant obtuse stupid opulence wealth pageant exhibition, show obviate make unnecessary opus literary work or musical pains labor composition Occident the West painstaking taking great care oracle prophet occlude block palatial grand, splendid oration speech occult mystical palaver babble, nonsense orator speaker

octogenarian person in her eighties Paleolithic stone age orb sphere ocular optic, visual paleontologist one who studies orchestrate organize ode poem fossils

Vocabulary 4000 485 pall to become dull or weary pantomime mime pariah outcast palliate assuage pantry storeroom parish fold, church pallid pale, sallow papyrus paper parity equality palpable touchable parable allegory parlance local speech palpitate beat, throb paradigm a model parlay increase palsy paralysis paragon standard of excellence parley conference paltry scarce parameter limit parochial provincial pan criticize paramount chief, foremost parody imitation, ridicule panacea cure-all paramour lover parole release panache flamboyance paranoid obsessively suspicious, paroxysm outburst, convulsion demented pandemic universal parrot mimic paranormal supernatural pandemonium din, commotion parry avert, ward off parapet rampart, defense pander cater to people’s baser parsimonious stingy instincts paraphernalia equipment parson clergyman panegyric praise paraphrase restatement partake share, receive pang pain parcel package partial incomplete panoply full suit of armor parchment paper partiality bias panorama vista pare peel parting farewell, severance pant gasp, puff parenthetical in parentheses Quiz 12 (Matching) Match each word in the first column with its definition in the second column. 1. ORDNANCE A. a model 2. ORTHODOX B. local speech 3. OUTMODED C. convulsion 4. PALAVER D. stingy 5. PANEGYRIC E. farewell, severance 6. PARADIGM F. artillery 7. PARLANCE G. conventional 8. PAROXYSM H. out-of-date 9. PARSIMONIOUS I. babble 10. PARTING J. praise partisan supporter patrician aristocrat peccadillo a minor fault partition division patrimony inheritance peculate embezzle parvenu newcomer, social climber patronize condescend peculiar unusual pasquinade satire patronymic a name formed form peculiarity characteristic the name of a father passé outmoded pedagogical pertaining to teaching patter walk lightly passim here and there pedagogue dull, formal teacher paucity scarcity pastel pale pedant pedagogue paunch stomach pasteurize disinfect pedantic bookish pauper poor person pastoral rustic peddle sell pavilion tent patent obvious pedestrian common pawn (noun) tool, stooge paternal fatherly pedigree genealogy pawn (verb) pledge pathetic pitiful peerage aristocracy pax peace pathogen agent causing disease peevish cranky peaked wan, pale, haggard pathogenic causing disease pejorative insulting peal reverberation, outburst pathos emotion pell-mell in a confused manner


486 GRE Prep Course pellucid transparent personable charming pine languish pen write personage official, dignitary pinnacle highest point penance atonement personify embody, exemplify pious devout, holy penchant inclination personnel employees piquant tart-tasting, spicy pend depend, hang perspicacious keen pique sting, arouse interest pending not decided perspicacity discernment, keenness piscine pertaining to fish penitent repentant persuasive convincing piteous sorrowful, pathetic pensive sad pert flippant, bold pithy concise penurious stingy pertain to relate pitiable miserable, wretched penury poverty pertinacious persevering pittance alms, driblet peon common worker pertinent relevant pittance trifle per se in itself perturbation agitation pivotal crucial perceptive discerning peruse read carefully pixilated eccentric, possessed percolate ooze, permeate pervade permeate placard poster perdition damnation pessimist cynic placate appease peregrination wandering pestilence disease placid serene peremptory dictatorial petite small plagiarize pirate, counterfeit perennial enduring, lasting petition request plaintive expressing sorrow perfectionist purist, precisionist petrify calcify, shock platitude trite remark perfidious treacherous (of a person) petrology study of rocks platonic nonsexual perforate puncture pettifogger unscrupulous lawyer plaudit acclaim perforce by necessity petty trivial pleasantry banter, persiflage perfunctory careless petulant irritable, peevish plebeian common, vulgar perigee point nearest to the earth phantasm apparition plebiscite referendum perilous dangerous phenomena unusual natural events plenary full peripatetic walking about philanthropic charitable plentiful abundant periphery outer boundary philanthropist altruist pleonasm redundancy, verbosity perish die philatelist stamp collector plethora overabundance perishable decomposable philippic invective pliable flexible perjury lying Philistine barbarian pliant supple, flexible permeate spread throughout philosophical contemplative plight sad situation permutation reordering phlegmatic sluggish plucky courageous pernicious destructive phobia fear plumb measure peroration conclusion phoenix rebirth plummet fall perpendicular at right angles physic laxative, cathartic plutocrat wealthy person perpetrate commit physique frame, musculature plutonium radioactive material perpetual continuous picaresque roguish, adventurous poach steal perpetuate cause to continue picayune trifling podgy fat perpetuity eternity piecemeal one at a time podium stand, rostrum perplex puzzle, bewilder pied mottled, brindled pogrom massacre, mass murder perquisite reward, bonus piety devoutness poignant pungent, sharp persecute harass pilfer steal polemic a controversy persevere persist, endure pillage plunder polity methods of government persona social facade pillory punish by ridicule poltroon dastard

Vocabulary 4000 487 polychromatic many-colored predecessor one who proceeds prim formal, prudish polygamist one who has many wives predestine foreordain primal first, beginning ponder muse, reflect predicament quandary primate head, master ponderous heavy, bulky predicate base primogeniture first-born child pontiff bishop predilection inclination primp groom pontificate to speak at length predisposed inclined princely regal, generous pootroon coward preeminent supreme prismatic many-colored, sparkling porcine pig-like preempt commandeer pristine pure, unspoiled porous permeable, spongy preen groom privation hardship porridge stew prefabricated ready-built privy aware of private matters portend signify, augur prefect magistrate probe examine portent omen preference choice probity integrity portly large preferment promotion problematic uncertain portmanteau suitcase prelate primate, bishop proboscis snout posit stipulate preliminary introductory procedure method posterior rear, subsequent prelude introduction proceeds profit posterity future generations premeditate plan in advance proclaim announce posthaste hastily premonition warning proclivity inclination posthumous after death prenatal before birth procreate beget postulate supposition, premise preponderance predominance proctor supervise potent powerful prepossessing appealing, charming procure acquire potentate sovereign, king preposterous ridiculous procurer pander potion brew prerequisite requirement prod urge potpourri medley prerogative right, privilege prodigal wasteful potter aimlessly busy presage omen prodigious marvelous, enormous pragmatic practical prescribe urge prodigy a person with extraordinary ability or talent prate babble presentable acceptable, wellmannered profane blasphemous prattle chatter preside direct, chair profess affirm preamble introduction pressing urgent proffer bring forward precarious dangerous, risky prestidigitator magicians proficient skillful precedent an act that serves as an example prestige reputation, renown profiteer extortionist precept principle, law presume deduce profligate licentious, prodigal precinct neighborhood presumptuous assuming profound deep, knowledgeable precipice cliff presuppose assume profusion overabundance precipitate cause pretense affectation, excuse progenitor ancestor precipitous steep pretentious affected, inflated progeny children précis summary preternatural abnormal, unnatural prognosis forecast precise accurate, detailed pretext excuse prognosticate foretell preclude prevent prevail triumph progressive advancing, liberal precocious advanced prevailing common, current proletariat working class preconception prejudgment, prevalent widespread proliferate increase rapidly prejudice prevaricate lie prolific fruitful, productive precursor forerunner prick puncture prolix long-winded predacious plundering priggish pedantic, affected prologue introduction


488 GRE Prep Course Quiz 13 (Matching) Match each word in the first column with its definition in the second column. 1. PHOENIX A. cliff 2. PILLORY B. inclination 3. PITTANCE C. warning 4. PLAUDIT D. acclaim 5. PLETHORA E. overabundance 6. POGROM F. after death 7. POSTHUMOUS G. massacre 8. PRECIPICE H. rebirth 9. PREDILECTION I. punish by ridicule 10. PREMONITION J. trifle prolong lengthen in time protégé ward, pupil puckish impish, mischievous promenade stroll, parade protocol code of diplomatic etiquette puerile childish promethean inspirational proton particle pugilism boxing promiscuous sexually indiscreet protract prolong pugnacious combative promontory headland, cape protuberance bulge puissant strong prompt induce provender food pulchritude beauty prompter reminder proverb maxim pulp paste, mush promulgate publish, disseminate proverbial well-known pulpit platform, priesthood prone inclined, predisposed providence foresight, divine pulsate throb protection propaganda publicity pulverize crush provident having foresight, thrifty propellant rocket fuel pun wordplay providential fortunate propensity inclination punctilious meticulous province bailiwick, district prophet prognosticator pundit politically astute person provincial intolerant, insular prophylactic preventive pungent sharp smell or taste provisional temporary propinquity nearness punitive punishing proviso stipulation propitiate satisfy puny weak, small provisory conditional propitious auspicious, favorable purblind obtuse, stupid provocation incitement proponent supporter, advocate purgative cathartic, cleansing provocative titillating proportionate commensurate purgatory limbo, netherworld provoke incite proposition offer, proposal purge cleanse, remove prowess strength, expertise propound propose puritanical prim proximity nearness proprietor manager, owner purlieus environs, surroundings proxy substitute, agent propriety decorum purloin steal prude puritan prosaic uninspired, flat purport claim to be prudence discretion proscenium platform, rostrum purported rumored prudent cautious proscribe prohibit purposeful determined prudish puritanical proselytize recruit, convert pursuant following, according prurient lewd prosody study of poetic structure purvey deliver pseudo false prospective expected, imminent purview range, understanding pseudonym alias prospectus brochure pusillanimous cowardly psychic pertaining the psyche or mind prostrate supine putative reputed psychopath madman protagonist main character in a putrefy decay story psychotic demented putsch a sudden attempt to protean changing readily puberty adolescence overthrow a government

Vocabulary 4000 489 pygmy dwarf quasi seeming, almost quotidian daily

R pyrotechnics
tremble pyrrhic a battle won with unacceptable losses quay wharf queasy squeamish rabble crowd rabid mad, furious quell suppress, allay racketeer gangster quench extinguish, slake quack charlatan




queer odd

raconteur story teller querulous complaining quadrennial occurring every four radical revolutionary questionnaire interrogation years raffish rowdy queue line quadrille square dance rail rant, harangue quibble bicker quadruped four foot animal raiment clothing quicken revive, hasten quaff drink rake womanizer quiddity essence quagmire difficult situation rally assemble quiescent still, motionless quail shrink, cower rambunctious boisterous quietus a cessation of activity quaint old-fashioned ramification consequence quill feather, pen qualified limited rampage run amuck quip joke qualms misgivings rampant unbridled, raging quirk eccentricity quandary dilemma ramrod rod quiver tremble quantum quantity, particle rancid rotten quixotic impractical, romantic quarantine detention, confinement rancor resentment quizzical odd quarry prey, game randy vulgar quorum majority quarter residence quota a share or proportion quash put down, suppress Quiz 14 (Matching) Match each word in the first column with its definition in the second column. 1. PROTEAN A. bulge 2. PROTUBERANCE B. changing readily 3. PROVISIONAL C. steal 4. PUNDIT D. majority 5. PURLOIN E. temporary 6. PURPORT F. a cessation of activity 7. QUAVER G. line 8. QUEUE H. tremble 9. QUIETUS I. claim to be 10. QUORUM J. politically astute person rankle cause bitterness, resentment ratify approve rebuke criticize rant rage, scold ration allowance, portion rebus picture puzzle rapacious grasping, avaricious rationale justification rebuttal reply, counterargument rapidity speed ravage plunder recalcitrant stubborn rapier sword ravish captivate, charm recant retract rapine plunder raze destroy recapitulate restate, summarize rapport affinity, empathy realm kingdom, domain recede move back rapprochement reconciliation realpolitik cynical interpretation receptacle container of politics rapture bliss receptive open to ideas reap harvest rash hasty, brash recidivism habitual criminal rebuff reject activity rasp scrape


490 GRE Prep Course recipient one who receives regiment infantry unit replete complete reciprocal mutual, return in kind regrettable lamentable replica copy recital performance regurgitate vomit replicate duplicate recitation recital, lesson rehash repeat repose rest reclusive solitary reign rule, influence reprehensible blameworthy recoil flinch, retreat rein curb repress suppress recollect remember reincarnation rebirth reprieve temporary suspension recompense repay reiterate repeat reprimand rebuke reconcile adjust, balance rejoice celebrate reprisal retaliation recondite mystical, profound rejoinder answer, retort reprise repetition reconnaissance surveillance rejuvenate make young again reproach blame reconnoiter to survey relapse recurrence (of illness) reprobate miscreant recount recite relegate assign to an inferior position reprove rebuke recoup recover relent soften, yield repudiate disavow recourse appeal, resort relentless unstoppable repugnant distasteful recreant cowardly relic antique repulse repel recrimination countercharge, relinquish release repulsive repugnant retaliation relish savor repute esteem recruit draftee remedial corrective reputed supposed rectify correct remiss negligent requiem rest, a mass for the dead recumbent reclining remit forgive, send payment requisite necessary recuperation recovery remnant residue, fragment requisition order recur repeat, revert remonstrance protest requite to return in kind redeem buy back, justify remorse guilt rescind revoke redeemer savior remuneration compensation reserve self-control redemption salvation renaissance rebirth reside dwell redolent fragrant renascent reborn residue remaining part redoubt fort rend to tear apart resigned accepting of a situation redoubtable formidable, steadfast render deliver, provide resolute determined redress restitution rendezvous a meeting resilience ability to recover from redundant repetitious an illness rendition version, interpretation reek smell resolution determination renege break a promise reel stagger resolve determination renounce disown referendum vote resonant reverberating renown fame refined purified, cultured resort recourse rent tear, rupture reflux ebb resound echo reparation amends, atonement refraction bending, deflection resourceful inventive, skillful repartee witty conversation refractory obstinate respectively in order repatriate to send back to the refrain abstain native land respire breathe refurbish remodel repellent causing aversion respite rest refute disprove repent atone for resplendent shining, splendid regal royal repercussion consequence restitution reparation, amends regale entertain repertoire stock of works restive nervous, uneasy regalia emblems repine fret resurgence revival regime a government replenish refill resurrection rebirth

Vocabulary 4000 491 resuscitate revive retort quick reply reveille bugle call retain keep retrench cut back, economize revel frolic, take joy in retainer advance fee retribution reprisal revelry merrymaking retaliate revenge retrieve reclaim revenue income retch vomit retrograde regress revere honor reticent reserved retrospective reminiscent reverent respectful retiring modest, unassuming revamp recast reverie daydream Quiz 15 (Matching) Match each word in the first column with its definition in the second column. 1. REGIME A. daydream 2. REJOINDER B. quick reply 3. REMUNERATION C. uneasy 4. RENDEZVOUS D. necessary 5. RENT E. miscreant 6. REPROBATE F. rupture 7. REQUISITE G. a meeting 8. RESTIVE H. compensation 9. RETRIBUTION I. retort 10. REVERIE J. a government revert return roseate rosy, optimistic sacred cow idol, taboo revile denounce, defame roster list of people sacrilege blasphemy revision new version rostrum podium sacrosanct sacred revive renew roué libertine saddle encumber revoke repeal rouse awaken sadist one who takes pleasure in hurting others revulsion aversion rout vanquish safari expedition rhapsody ecstasy rubicund ruddy saga story rhetoric elocution, grandiloquence ruck the common herd sagacious wise rheumatism inflammation rudiment beginning sage wise person ribald coarse, vulgar rue regret salacious licentious rickety shaky, ramshackle ruffian brutal person salient prominent ricochet carom, rebound ruminate ponder saline salty rife widespread, abundant rummage hunt sallow sickly complected riffraff dregs of society runel stream sally sortie, attack rifle search through and steal ruse trick salutary good, wholesome rift a split, an opening rustic rural salutation salute, greeting upright, moral salvation redemption rigor harshness salve medicinal ointment rime crust Sabbath day of rest riposte counterthrust sabbatical vacation risible laughable saber sword risqué off-color, racy sabotage treason, destruction rivet engross saccharine sugary, overly sweet tone sanctuary refuge robust vigorous sacerdotal priestly rogue scoundrel sack pillage roister bluster sacrament rite romp frolic sanguine cheerful sanguinary gory, murderous sang-froid coolness under fire sanction approval sanctimonious self-righteous sanctify consecrate salvo volley, gunfire

S righteous


492 GRE Prep Course sans without scuttle to sink (a ship) serpentine winding sapid interesting scythe long, curved blade serried saw-toothed sapient wise sear burn serum vaccine sarcophagus stone coffin sebaceous like fat servile slavish sardonic scornful secede withdraw servitude forced labor sartorial pertaining to clothes secluded remote, isolated sessile permanently attached satanic pertaining to the Devil seclusion solitude session meeting satchel bag sectarian denominational settee seat, sofa sate satisfy fully secular worldly, nonreligious sever cut in two satiate satisfy fully secure make safe severance division satire ridicule sedation state of calm shallot onion saturate soak sedentary stationary, inactive sham pretense saturnine gloomy sedition treason shambles disorder satyr demigod, goat-man seduce lure shard fragment saunter stroll sedulous diligent sheen luster savanna grassland seedy rundown, ramshackle sheepish shy savant scholar seemly proper, attractive shibboleth password savoir-faire tact, polish seethe fume, resent shirk evade (work) savor enjoy seismic pertaining to earthquakes sliver fragment savory appetizing seismology study of earthquakes shoal reef savvy perceptive self-effacing modest shoring supporting scabrous difficult semantics study of word meanings shortcomings deficiencies scant inadequate, meager semblance likeness shrew virago scapegoat one who takes blame for seminal fundamental shrewd clever others semper fidelis always loyal shrill high-pitched scarify criticize senescence old age shun avoid scathe injure, denounce senescent aging shunt turn aside scepter a rod, staff seniority privilege due to length of shyster unethical lawyer scheme plot service sibilant a hissing sound schism rift sensational outstanding sibling brother or sister scintilla speck sensible wise sickle semicircular blade scintillate sparkle sensory relating to the senses sidereal pertaining to the stars scion offspring sensualist epicure sidle move sideways scoff jeer sensuous appealing to the senses siege blockade scone biscuit sententious concise sierra mountain range scorn disdain, reject sentient conscious sieve strainer scoundrel unprincipled person sentinel watchman signatory signer scour clean sepulcher tomb signet a seal scourge affliction sequacious dependent silhouette outline scruples misgivings sequel continuation, epilogue silo storage tower scrupulous principled, fastidious sequester segregate simian monkey scrutinize examine closely seraphic angelic simile figure of speech scurf dandruff serendipity making fortunate simper smile, smirk discoveries scurrilous abusive, insulting simulacrum likeness serene peaceful scurry move quickly

Vocabulary 4000 493 sinecure position with little responsibility sinewy fibrous, stringy smelt refine metal singe burn just the surface of smirk smug look something smite strike, afflict singly one by one smock apron singular unique snare trap sinister evil snide sarcastic sinistral left-handed snippet morsel siphon extract snivel whine sire forefather, to beget snub ignore siren temptress snuff extinguish site location sobriety composed skeptical doubtful sobriquet nickname skinflint miser socialite one who is prominent in skirmish a small battle society souse a drunk skittish excitable sociology study of society sovereign monarch skulk sneak about sodality companionship spar fight skullduggery trickery sodden soaked spasmodic intermittent slake quench sojourn trip spate sudden outpouring slander defame solace consolation spawn produce slate list of candidate solder fuse, weld specimen sample slaver drivel, fawn solecism ungrammatical construction specious false but plausible slay kill solemn serious, somber spectacle public display sleight dexterity solemnity seriousness spectral ghostly slew an abundance solicit request spectrum range slither slide solicitous considerate, concerned speculate conjecture slogan motto soliloquy monologue speleologist one who studies caves sloth laziness solstice furthest point Quiz 16 (Matching) Match each word in the first column with its definition in the second column. 1. SCRUPLES A. figure of speech 2. SCYTHE B. proper, attractive 3. SEEMLY C. long, curved blade 4. SENTENTIOUS D. left-handed 5. SERENDIPITY E. pertaining to the stars 6. SHIBBOLETH F. signer soubrette actress, ingenue sorority sisterhood sordid foul, ignoble soprano high female voice soporific sleep inducing sophistry specious reasoning sop morsel, compensation sonorous resonant, majestic sonnet poem somnolent sleepy somnambulist sleepwalker somber gloomy somatic pertaining to the body slovenly sloppy soluble dissolvable solvent financially sound

smattering superficial knowledge

7. SIDEREAL G. making fortunate discoveries 8. SIGNATORY H. password 9. SIMILE I. misgivings 10. SINISTRAL J. concise spew eject spirited lively spleen resentment, wrath spindle shaft spirituous alcohol, intoxicating splenetic peevish spindly tall and thin spite malice, grudge splurge indulge spinster old maid spittle spit spontaneous extemporaneous spire pinnacle splay spread apart sporadic occurring irregularly


494 GRE Prep Course sportive playful stout stocky suffice adequate spry nimble strait distress suffrage vote spume foam stratagem trick suffuse pervade, permeate spurious false, counterfeit stratify form into layers suggestive thought-provoking, risqué spurn reject stratum layer sullen sulky, sour squalid filthy striate to stripe sully stain squall rain storm stricture censure sultry sweltering squander waste strife conflict summon call for, arraign squelch crush, stifle striking impressive, attractive sumptuous opulent, luscious stagnant stale, motionless stringent severe, strict sunder split staid demure, sedate strive endeavor sundry various stalwart pillar, strong studious diligent superb excellent stamina vigor, endurance stultify inhibit, enfeeble supercilious arrogant stanch loyal stunted arrested development supererogatory wanton, superfluous stanchion prop stupefy deaden, dumfound superfluous overabundant stanza division of a poem stupendous astounding superimpose cover, place on top of stark desolate stupor lethargy superintend supervise startle surprise stylize formalize superlative superior stately impressive, noble stymie hinder, thwart supernumerary subordinate static inactive, immobile suave smooth supersede supplant statue regulation sub rosa in secret supervene ensue, follow staunch loyal subcutaneous beneath the skin supervise oversee stave ward off subdue conquer supine lying on the back steadfast loyal subjugate suppress supplant replace stealth secrecy, covertness sublet subcontract supplication prayer steeped soaked sublimate to redirect forbidden suppress subdue impulses (usually sexual) into stenography shorthand surfeit overabundance socially accepted activities stentorian loud surly rude, crass sublime lofty, excellent sterling high quality surmise to guess sublunary earthly stern strict surmount overcome submit yield stevedore longshoreman surname family name subordinate lower in rank stifle suppress surpass exceed, excel subsequent succeeding, following stigma mark of disgrace surreal dreamlike subservient servile, submissive stiletto dagger surreptitious secretive subside diminish stilted formal, stiff surrogate substitute subsidiary subordinate stimulate excite surveillance close watch subsidize financial assistance stint limit, assignment susceptible vulnerable substantiate verify stipend payment suspend stop temporarily substantive substantial stipulate specify, arrange sustenance food subterfuge cunning, ruse stodgy stuffy, pompous susurrant whispering subterranean underground stoic indifferent to pain or pleasure suture surgical stitch subvert undermine stoke prod, fuel svelte slender succor help, comfort stole long scarf swank fashionable succulent juicy, delicious stolid impassive swarthy dark (as in complexion) succumb yield, submit

Vocabulary 4000 495 swatch strip of fabric synagogue temple tabulate arrange sweltering hot syndicate cartel tacit understood without being spoken swivel a pivot syndrome set of symptoms taciturn untalkative sybarite pleasure-seeker synod council tactful sensitive sycophant flatterer, flunky synopsis brief summary tactics strategy syllabicate divide into syllables synthesis combination tactile tangible syllabus schedule systole heart contraction taint pollute a slim, graceful girl tally count talon claw tabernacle temple close association

T sylph

talion punishment

sylvan rustic symbiotic cooperative, working in

tandem two or more things together table postpone symmetry harmony, congruence tableau scene, backdrop symposium panel (discussion) taboo prohibition symptomatic indicative Quiz 17 (Matching) Match each word in the first column with its definition in the second column. 1. STAVE A. distress 2. STEVEDORE B. diligent 3. STRAIT C. ward off 4. STUDIOUS D. longshoreman 5. SUBJUGATE E. various 6. SUBTERFUGE F. overabundant 7. SUNDRY G. suppress 8. SUPERFLUOUS H. cunning 9. SUPINE I. dreamlike 10. SURREAL J. lying on the back tang strong taste tempest storm terrain the feature of land tangential peripheral tempestuous agitated terrapin turtle tangible touchable tempo speed terrestrial earthly tantalize tease temporal pertaining to time terse concise tantamount equivalent tempt entice testament covenant taper candle tenable defensible, valid testy petulant tariff tax on imported or exported tenacious persistent tether tie down goods tendentious biased theatrics histrionics tarn small lake tenement decaying apartment theologian one who studies religion tarnish taint building thesaurus book of synonyms tarry linger tenet doctrine thesis proposition, topic taurine bull-like tensile stretchable thespian actor taut tight tentative provisional thews muscles tautological repetitious tenuous thin, insubstantial thorny difficult tawdry gaudy tenure status given after a period thrall slave of time technology body of knowledge threadbare tattered tepid lukewarm tedious boring, tiring thrive prosper terminal final teem swarm, abound throes anguish terminology nomenclature temerity boldness throng crowd ternary triple temperate moderate throttle choke terpsichorean related to dance


496 GRE Prep Course thwart to foil tirade scolding speech toady fawner, sycophant tiara crown titan accomplished person tocsin alarm bell, signal tidings news, information titanic huge toil drudgery tiff fight titer laugh nervously tome large book timbre tonal quality, resonance tithe donate one-tenth tonal pertaining to sound timorous fearful, timid titian auburn topography science of map making tincture trace, vestige, tint titillate arouse tinsel tawdriness titular in name only, figurehead Quiz 18 (Matching) Match each word in the first column with its definition in the second column. 1. SWATCH A. to foil 2. SYNOD B. anguish 3. TACIT C. concise 4. TALON D. provisional 5. TAURINE E. agitated 6. TEMPESTUOUS F. bull-like 7. TENTATIVE G. claw 8. TERSE H. understood without being spoken 9. THROES I. council 10. THWART J. strip of fabric torment harass treatise book, dissertation tussock cluster of glass torpid lethargic, inactive trek journey tutelage guardianship torrid scorching, passionate trenchant incisive, penetrating twain two torsion twisting trepidation fear twinge pain torus doughnut shaped object triad group of three tyrannical dictatorial totter stagger tribunal court tyranny oppression touchstone standard tributary river tyro beginner

U tousled
tout praise, brag troglodyte cave dweller toxicologist one who studies poisons trollop harlot tractable docile, manageable traduce slander troublous disturbed

disheveled commonplace, insincere ubiquitous omnipresent, pervasive ulterior hidden, covert trounce thrash ultimatum demand tranquilize calm, anesthetize transcribe write a copy transfigure transform, exalt transfix impale transfuse insert, infuse transgression trespass, offense transient fleeting, temporary transitory fleeting translucent clear, lucid transpire happen transpose interchange trauma injury travail work, drudgery traverse cross travesty caricature, farce troupe group of actors ululate howl, wail truckle yield umbrage resentment truculent fierce, savage unabashed shameless, brazen trudge march, slog unabated ceaseless truism self-evident truth unaffected natural, sincere truncate shorten unanimity agreement truncheon club unassuming modest tryst meeting, rendezvous unavailing useless, futile tumbler drinking glass unawares suddenly, unexpectedly tumefy swell unbecoming unfitting tumult commotion unbridled unrestrained turbid muddy, clouded uncanny mysterious, inexplicable turgid swollen unconscionable unscrupulous turpitude depravity uncouth uncultured, crude tussle fight


Vocabulary 4000 497 Quiz 19 (Matching) Match each word in the first column with its definition in the second column. 1. TIDINGS A. incisive 2. TITER B. omnipresent 3. TITULAR C. lethargic 4. TORPID D. figurehead 5. TRADUCE E. unrestrained 6. TRENCHANT F. news 7. UBIQUITOUS G. laugh nervously 8. ULULATE H. ceaseless 9. UNABATED I. wail 10. UNBRIDLED J. slander unctuous insincere unseat displace variance discrepancy undermine weaken unseemly unbecoming, improper vassal subject underpin support unstinting generous vaunt brag underscore emphasize unsullied spotless vehement adamant understudy a stand-in unsung neglected venal mercenary, for the sake of money underworld criminal world untenable cannot be achieved vendetta grudge, feud underwrite agree to finance, untoward perverse guarantee veneer false front, facade unwarranted unjustified undue unjust, excessive venerable revered unwieldy awkward undulate surge, fluctuate venial excusable unwitting unintentional unduly excessive venom poison, spite upshot result unequivocal unambiguous, venture risk, speculate urbane refined, worldly categorical venturesome bold, risky ursine bear-like unexceptionable beyond criticism venue location usurp seize, to appropriate unfailing steadfast, unfaltering veracity truthfulness usury overcharge unfathomable puzzling, veranda porch utilitarian pragmatic incomprehensible verbatim word for word utopia paradise unflagging untiring, unrelenting verbose wordy utter complete unflappable not easily upset verdant green, lush uxorious a doting husband unfrock discharge

verdict decision unfurl open up, spread out vernacular common speech ungainly awkward vertigo dizziness uniformity sameness vacillate waver unilateral action taken by only one vestige trace


vacuous inane veto reject party vagary whim vex annoy unimpeachable exemplary vain unsuccessful viable capable of surviving unison together vainglorious conceited viaduct waterway unkempt disheveled valediction farewell speech viand food unmitigated complete, harsh valiant brave vicious evil unmoved firm, steadfast validate affirm vicissitude changing fortunes unprecedented without previous valor bravery occurrence victuals food vanguard leading position unremitting relentless vie compete vanquish conquer unsavory distasteful, offensive vigil watch, sentry duty vapid vacuous, insipid unscathed unhurt vigilant on guard


498 GRE Prep Course

vignette scene vigor vitality vilify defame vindicate free from blame vindictive revengeful virile manly virtuoso highly skilled artist virulent deadly, poisonous visage facial expression viscid thick, gummy wont custom woo court, seek favor wager bet wraith ghost waggish playful wrath anger, fury waive forego wreak inflict wallow indulge wrest snatch wan pale wretched miserable wane dissipate, wither writ summons want need, poverty writhe contort wanton lewd, abandoned wry twisted warrant justification

X visitation
wary guarded vital necessary wastrel spendthrift vitiate spoil, ruin waylay ambush vitreous glassy wean remove from nursing, break vitriolic scathing a habit

a formal visit

xenophillic attraction to strangers xenophobia fear of foreigners xylophone musical percussion

vituperative abusive weir dam vivacious lively instrument

Y welter
vivid lifelike, clear wheedle coax vocation occupation whet stimulate whiffle vacillate

confusion, hodgepodge

yarn story vociferous adamant, clamoring yearn desire strongly vogue fashion, chic whimsical capricious yen desire volant agile wield control yore long ago volatile unstable willful deliberate Young Turks reformers volition free will wily shrewd

Z voluble
wince cringe voluminous bulky, extensive windfall bonus, boon voracious hungry winnow separate votary fan, aficionado winsome charming vouchsafe confer, bestow wistful yearning vulgarity obscenity wither shrivel vulnerable susceptible wizened shriveled vulpine fox-like woe anguish Quiz 20 (Matching) Match each word in the first column with its definition in the second column. 1. UNCOUTH A. disheveled 2. UNDULY B. capable of surviving 3. UNFLAGGING C. awkward 4. UNKEMPT D. uncultured 5. UNSTINTING E. truthfulness 6. UNTENABLE F. whim 7. UNWIELDY G. unrelenting 8. VAGARY H. cannot be achieved zephyr gentle breeze zenith summit zealot fanatic zeal earnestness, passion


9. VERACITY I. generous 10. VIABLE J. excessive

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