Kriti Gupta 027

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AGRICULTURE: The value of agricultural imports of 

inputs fertilizers, etc. areAgriculture approximately onefourth like the value of exports. accounts for 62 per cent of total employment. MANUFACTURING: The manufacturing sector contributes around one -fourth of total GDP. The industrial output has grown to approx US$ 65 billion.

SERVICE: Expanding thefastest rate of 8-10 sector per cent per annum, services isatthe growing in the Indian economy. In fact the growth in India 's GDP, despite the global slowdown, is attributed largely to its strong performance.


IT INDUSTRY:The INDUSTRY:The Indian IT industry has grown from US$ 0.8 billion in has 1994-95 US$per 10.1 billion 2001-02. Domestic software grown to at 46 cent while in software exports have grown at 62 per cent over the last 5 years. Information Technology enabled services (ITeS) with elements like call centres, back office processing, contents development and medical transcription are key to rapid growth. The sector has an employment potential of 1.1 million by 2008. ENTERTAINMENT INDUSTRY: The industry is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 27 per cent. Revenues are projected to increase from US$ 3 billion in 2005. TELECOMMUNICATIONS: India 's telecommunications network ranks among the top ten countries in the world. One of the world's largest and fastest growing telecom markets, the country has an investment potential estimated at US$ 39 billion by 2005 and US$ 69 billion by 2010.


PORTS: The country has a 7500 km long coastline dotted with numerous major and minor ports. ROADS: India has the second largest road network in the world, spanning 3.3 million kilometers. Most of the private investment in this sector has traditionally been through the build - operate- transfer schemes. AIRPORTS: India has 122 airports, controlled by the Airports Authority of India (AAI). The total passenger traffic handled by these airports in 2001-02 was over 40 million, while the cargo traffic handled was around 854,000 tonnes. POWER: Power sector, hitherto, beenborrowings. funded mainly through budgetary support and had external But given the budgetary support limitation due to growing demands from other sectors, particularly social sector and the severe borrowing constraints, a new financing strategy was enunciated in 1991 allowing private enterprise a larger role in the power sector.


The Indian Telecommunications network is the third largest in the world and the second largest among the emerging economies of o f Asia. Today, it is the fastest growing market in the world. The telecommunication sector continued to has register significant success during the year and emerged as one of the key sectors responsible for India’s resurgent India’s economic growth.  growth.   The rapid strides in the telecom sector have been facilitated byeasy liberal policies of the that provide market access forGovernment telecom equipment and a fair regulatory framework for offering telecom services to the Indian consumers at affordable prices.


The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) was set up in March 1997 as a regulator for Telecom sector. The TRAI’s TRAI’s   functions are recommendatory, regulatory and tariff setting in telecom sector. Telecom Disputes Settlement and Appellate Tribunal (TDSAT) came into existence in May, 2000.


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The international Long Distance Services (ILDS) opened with effect from April 2002. Calling Party Pays (CPP) regime was implemented with effect from 1st 1s t May Guidelines for Unified Access License regimeAccess were issued November 2003, 27 licenses out of 31 Basic Service Licenses wereService converted to Unified Se rviceinLicenses Service In April 2004, license fee for Unified Access Service Providers (UAS) was reduced re duced by 2 per cent License fee for infrastructure Provider-II reduced from 15 per cent to 6 per cent of the Adjusted Gross Revenue and spectrum charges between 2 to 4 per pe r cent in June 2004 Entry fee for NLD licenses was reduced to Rs. 2.5 Crore from Rs. 100 Crore. Entry fee for ILD reduced to Rs. 2.5 Crore from Rs. 25 Crore Lease line charges have been reduced to make the bandwidth available at competitive prices to facilitate growth in IT enabled services One India plan i.e. single tariff of Re. 1/-per minute to anywhere in India was introduced from 1st March 2006 by the Public Sector Undertakings. This tariff was emulated by most of the private service providers also. This scheme has led to death of distance in telecommunication and is going to be b e instrumental in promoting National Integration further The robust telecom network has also facilitated the expansion of BPO industry that is having 500,000 employees now and adding 400 employees per day. Annual license fee for National Long Distance (NLD), International Long DistanceV(ILD), Infrastructure Provider-II, VSAT commercial and Internet Service Provider(ISP) with internet telephony (restricted) licenses was reduced to 6 per pe r cent of Adjusted Gross Revenue (AGR) with effort from Jan 2006. The Government’s policy is neutral on use of technology by telecom service providers subject to availability of scarce resources such as spectrum etc. Licence Fees 6-10 per cent of Adjusted Ad justed Gross Revenue (AGR) All telecom services have been opened up for f or free competition for unprecedented growth 217 (Information Technology Agreement) ITA-I items are at zero Customs Duty. Specified capital goods and all inputs required to manufacture ITA-I, items are at zero z ero Customs Duty

Availability of low cost mobile handsets

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) was permitted in


the telecom sector beginning with- the telecom manufacturing segment in 1991 when India embarked on economic liberalisation. FDI is defined as investment made by non-residents in the equity capital of a company. For the telecom sector, FDI includes investment made by NonResident Indians (NRIs), Overseas Corporate Bodies (OCBs), foreign entities, Foreign Institutional Investors (FIIs), American Depository Receipts (ADRs)/Global Depository Receipts (GDRs) etc


There are three types of players in telecom services:  State owned companies (BSNL and MTNL) 

Private Indian owned companies (Reliance Infocomm, Tata Teleservices,) Foreign invested companies (HutchisonEssar, Bharti Tele-Ventures, Escotel, Idea Cellular, BPL Mobile, Spice Communications Communications))

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