Music Theory

Published on January 2017 | Categories: Documents | Downloads: 70 | Comments: 0 | Views: 623
of 2
Download PDF   Embed   Report

Comments

Content

MUSIC THEORY
Sharps, Flats & Naturals

Sharp

A sharp set before a note raises the pitch of the
note a half-step, and remains in effect for the
rest of the measure.

Flat

A flat set before a note lowers the pitch of the
note a half-step, and remains in effect for the
rest of the measure.

Natural

A natural set before a note restores the natural
pitch of a note, and is often used after a flat or
sharp.

Key Signatures

Sharps or flats placed at the beginning of
each staff are called key signatures. This
key signature with an F# indicates that all
F notes in this piece should be played as
F#.
This key signature with a B and E flat
indicates that all B's and E's should be
played as B flat and E flat.

Rhythm
NOTE
Whole
Note

Dotted
Half
Note*

BEATS

REST

4 beats

3 beats

Up Bow
- Begin the bow at
the point or tip,
and pull the bow
from the point to
the frog.

Time Signature

Down
Bow - Begin the
bow at the frog,
and pull the bow
from the frog to
the tip.

Half Note

2 beats

Bow lift
- Lift the bow, and

Quarter
Note

1 beat

Eighth
Note

1/2
beat

Sixteent
h Note

1/4
beat

Slur - A
curved line
grouping notes
together,
indicating the
notes included in
the slur should be
played in the
same bow.

Tie Connect two or
more notes of the

Treble Clef

A thick double bar is a final ending
and indicates the end of a section
of music.

Staf

The top number in a time signature
shows the number of beats that are
in each measure. The bottom
number shows what type of note
gets each beat. For example, a time
signature of 3/4 indicates each
measure contains three quarter
notes.
A double bar with two dots is a
repeat marking, and indicates the
music in between the repeat signs
should be repeated.
If there is only one repeat sign with
the dots facing to the left, go back
to the beginning and play the entire
section of music again.
First and second endings should be
played as follows: play the first
ending the first time through the
music, repeat to the beginning of
the section, then skip over the first
ending and play the second ending.

D.C. al Fine

D.C. al Coda

D.C. al Fine means go back to the
beginning, and end at
the Finemarking. (D.C. is an
abbreviation for “da capo”, and
means “from the beginning”
and Fine means "end").
D.C. al Coda means go back to the
beginning of the piece, play to the
“Coda” sign:
, then jump to the
Coda section to finish the piece.
D.S. al Fine means go back to the

D.S. al Fine

A, B, C, D, E, F, G or Do,
Re, are
Mi,divided
Fa, Sol,
Staffs
by La,
barsSi/Ti,
into Do Seven letters of the alphabet
measures.
or Solfège are used to name

sign,
and end at the Fine
marking (D.S. is an abbreviation for
“dal segno”, and means “the sign”).

Sponsor Documents

Or use your account on DocShare.tips

Hide

Forgot your password?

Or register your new account on DocShare.tips

Hide

Lost your password? Please enter your email address. You will receive a link to create a new password.

Back to log-in

Close