Muslim

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Muslim

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Muslim
A Muslim, also spelled Moslem,[1] is an adherent of Islam, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion based on the Qur'an—which Muslims consider the verbatim word of God as revealed to prophet Muhammad—and, with lesser authority than the Qur'an, the teachings and practices of Muhammad as recorded in traditional accounts, called hadith. "Muslim" is an Arabic word meaning "one who submits to God". Muslims believe that there is not other God but the one true God who Dongxiang Muslim students in China is referred to with the name Allah [2]. God is eternal, transcendent, absolutely one (the doctrine of tawhid, or strict or simple monotheism), and incomparable; that he is self-sustaining, who begets not nor was begotten. Muslim beliefs regarding God are summed up in chapter 112 [3] of the Qur'an, al-Ikhlas, "the chapter of purity".[4][] Muslims also believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed at many times and places before, including through the prophets Abraham, Moses and Jesus.[] Muslims maintain that previous messages and revelations have been partially changed or corrupted over time,[5] but consider the Qur'an to be both unaltered and the final revelation from God—Final Testament.[6] Most Muslims accept as a Muslim anyone who has publicly pronounced the Shahadah (declaration of faith) which states, "I testify that there is no god except for the God, and I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of God." They also believe that Muhammad is the Seal of the Prophets and the final prophet. Their basic religious practices are enumerated in the Five Pillars of Islam, which, in addition to Shahadah, consist of daily prayers (salat), fasting during Ramadan (sawm), almsgiving (zakat), and the pilgrimage to Mecca (hajj) at least once in a lifetime.[][] The majority of Muslims are Sunni, being over 75–90% of all Muslims.[7] The second largest sect, Shia, makes up 10–20%.[8] The most populous Muslim-majority country is Indonesia home to 12.7% of the world's Muslims followed by Pakistan (11.0%), Bangladesh (9.2%), and Egypt (4.9%).[] Sizable minorities are also found in India, China, Russia, Ethiopia, Americas, Australia and parts of Europe. With about 1.8 billion followers or 26% of earth's population,[9][][][10] Islam is the second-largest and one of the fastest-growing religions in the world.[11][][]

Etymology
The word muslim (Arabic: ‫ﻣﺴﻠﻢ‬, IPA: [ˈmʊslɪm]; English /ˈmʌzlɨm/, /ˈmʊzlɨm/, /ˈmʊslɨm/ or moslem /ˈmɒzləm/, /ˈmɒsləm/[12]) is the participle of the same verb of which islām is the infinitive, based on the triliteral S-L-M "to be whole, intact".[13][14] A female adherent is a muslima (Arabic: ‫)ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺔ‬. The plural form in Arabic is muslimūn (‫)ﻣﺴﻠﻤﻮﻥ‬, and its feminine equivalent is muslimāt (‫)ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﺕ‬. The Arabic form muslimun is the stem IV participle[15] of the triliteral S-L-M.

Muslim

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Other words for Muslim
The ordinary word in English is "Muslim". It is sometimes transliterated as "Moslem", which is an older spelling.[16] The word Mosalman (Persian: ‫ﻣﺴﻠﻤﺎﻥ‬, alternatively Mussalman) is a common equivalent for Muslim used in Central Asia. Until at least the mid-1960s, many English-language writers used the term Mohammedans or Mahometans.[17] Although such terms were not necessarily intended to be pejorative, Muslims argue that the terms are offensive because they allegedly imply that Muslims worship Muhammad rather than God.[18]

Meaning
In defining Muslim, the mystic Ibn Arabi said: "A Muslim is a person who has dedicated his worship exclusively to God...Islam means making one's religion and faith God's alone.[19]

Used to describe earlier prophets in the Qur'an
The Qur'an describes many prophets and messengers as well as their respective followers as Muslim: Adam, Noah, Abraham, Jacob, Moses and Jesus and his apostles are all considered to be Muslims in the Qur'an. The Qur'an states that these men were Muslims because they submitted to God, preached His message and upheld His values, which included praying, charity, fasting and pilgrimage. Thus, in Surah 3:52 of the Qur'an, Jesus’ disciples tell Jesus, "We believe in God; and you be our witness that we are Muslims (wa-shahad be anna muslimūn)." In Muslim belief, before the Qur'an, God had given the Torah to Moses, the Psalms to David and the Gospel to Jesus, who are all considered important Muslim prophets.

Afghan Muslims praying inside Gardens of Babur in Kabul, Afghanistan.

Demographics
About 13% of Muslims live in Indonesia, the largest Muslim country,[] 25% in South Asia,[] 20% in the Middle East,[][20] 2% in Central Asia, 4% in the remaining South East Asian countries, and 15% in Sub-saharan Africa.[] Sizable communities are also found in China and Russia, and parts of the Caribbean. Converts and immigrant communities are found in almost every part of the world.
World Muslim population by percentage (Pew Research Center, 2009).

References and notes
[1] thefreedictionary.com: muslim (http:/ / www. thefreedictionary. com/ Muslim) [2] http:/ / www. al-islam. org/ allah/ names/ natureallah. htm [3] http:/ / quran. com/ 112 [5] See: * Accad (2003): According to Ibn Taymiyya, although only some Muslims accept the textual veracity of the entire Bible, most Muslims will grant the veracity of most of it. * Esposito (1998), pp.6,12* Esposito (2002b), pp.4–5* F. E. Peters (2003), p.9* * [6] Submission.org, Quran: The Final Testament, Authorized English Version with Arabic Text, Revised Edition IV,ISBN 0-9729209-2-7, p. x. [7] See: * Eastern Europe Russia and Central Asia (http:/ / books. google. co. uk/ books?id=NI1G_9j1AhcC& pg=PA51& dq=& hl=en& ei=yQDiTt_qE9C28QOKn9yMBA& sa=X& oi=book_result& ct=result& resnum=3& ved=0CEgQ6AEwAjgK#v=onepage& q=world

Muslim
muslim 80% sunni& f=false) "some 80% of the worlds Muslims are Sunni" * Sue Hellett;U.S. should focus on sanctions against Iran (http:/ / www. galesburg. com/ newsnow/ x917961022/ Sue-Hulett-U-S-should-focus-on-sanctions-against-Iran) "Sunnis make up over 75 percent of the world’s Muslim population" * Iran, Israel and the United States (http:/ / books. google. co. uk/ books?id=nVcmKRyID2EC& pg=PA15& dq=& hl=en& ei=e4XoTt-TDIaL8gOG692iCg& sa=X& oi=book_result& ct=result& resnum=6& ved=0CFEQ6AEwBTgU#v=onepage& q=sunni 75%& f=false) "Sunni, accounts for over 75% of the Islamic population" * * * * * * * * Sunni Islam: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide (http:/ / books. google. co. uk/ books?id=D5_N97bAiJ0C& pg=PA3& dq=Sunni+ Islam& hl=en& sa=X& ei=2DLuTujOEcesrAej29DdCA& ved=0CEsQ6AEwBQ#v=onepage& q=Sunni Islam& f=false) "Sunni Islam is the dominant division of the global Muslim community, and throughout history it has made up a substantial majority (85 to 90 percent) of that community." * Inside Muslim minds (http:/ / books. google. co. uk/ books?id=Z4Ts0GkJBKgC& pg=PA20& dq=& hl=en& ei=hf7hTrCmNsvB8QOllfmCBA& sa=X& oi=book_result& ct=result& resnum=4& ved=0CE0Q6AEwAw#v=onepage& q& f=false) "around 80% are Sunni" * Who Gets To Narrate the World (http:/ / books. google. co. uk/ books?id=3w_ngX--ji4C& pg=PA103& dq=& hl=en& ei=yQDiTt_qE9C28QOKn9yMBA& sa=X& oi=book_result& ct=result& resnum=2& ved=0CEMQ6AEwATgK#v=onepage& q=world muslim 80% sunni& f=false) "The Sunnis (approximately 80%)" * A world theology (http:/ / books. google. co. uk/ books?id=vD2TJNc7NE4C& pg=PA265& dq=& hl=en& ei=5wHiTpzMGMrT8gPIl52FBA& sa=X& oi=book_result& ct=result& resnum=6& ved=0CFoQ6AEwBTgU#v=onepage& q=& f=false) N. Ross Reat "80% being the Sunni" * Islam and the Ahmadiyya jama'at (http:/ / books. google. co. uk/ books?id=Q78O1mjX2tMC& pg=PA32& dq=& hl=en& ei=yQDiTt_qE9C28QOKn9yMBA& sa=X& oi=book_result& ct=result& resnum=7& ved=0CGAQ6AEwBjgK#v=onepage& q=world muslim 80% sunni& f=false) "The Sunni segment, accounting for at least 80% of the worlds Muslim population" * A dictionary of modern politics (http:/ / books. google. co. uk/ books?id=qHXbGOUuF9YC& pg=PA252& dq=& hl=en& ei=5wHiTpzMGMrT8gPIl52FBA& sa=X& oi=book_result& ct=result& resnum=2& ved=0CEMQ6AEwATgU#v=onepage& q=world muslim 80% sunni& f=false) "probably 80% of the worlds Muslims are Sunni" From Sunni Islam: See: * "some 80% of the worlds Muslims are Sunni" * * "Sunnis make up over 75 percent of the world’s Muslim population" * "Sunni, accounts for over 75% of the Islamic population" * "probably 80% of the worlds Muslims are Sunni" * * * * Sunni Islam: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide (http:/ / books. google. co. uk/ books?id=D5_N97bAiJ0C& lpg=PP1& pg=PA3#v=onepage& q& f=false) "Sunni Islam is the dominant division of the global Muslim community, and throughout history it has made up a substantial majority (85 to 90 percent) of that community." [8] See [9] http:/ / articles. cnn. com/ 2009-10-07/ world/ muslim. world. population_1_god-but-god-middle-east-distant?_s=PM:WORLD [10] 2010 World Muslim Population pdf (http:/ / www. pupr. edu/ hkettani/ papers/ HICAH2010. pdf) Dr. Houssain Kettani January 2010 [11] According to some sources it is the third fastest-growing religion after Zoroastrianism and Bahá'í in relative numbers and second fastest-growing in absolute numbers after Christianity. Israel haven for new Bahai world order (http:/ / afp. google. com/ article/ ALeqM5ht18N8tINGelAWExQSbvwxXXCsjg), Fastest Growing Religion (http:/ / fastestgrowingreligion. com/ numbers. html) [12] dictionary.reference.com: muslim (http:/ / dictionary. reference. com/ browse/ muslim) , , ; moslem (http:/ / dictionary. reference. com/ browse/ moslem) , [13] Burns & Ralph, World Civilizations, 5th ed., p. 371. [14] Entry for šlm, p. 2067, Appendix B: Semitic Roots, The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 4th ed., Boston, New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2000, ISBN 0-618-08230-1. [15] also known as "infinitive", cf. Burns & Ralph, World Civilizations, 5th ed., p. 371 [17] See for instance the second edition of A Dictionary of Modern English Usage by H. W. Fowler, revised by Ernest Gowers (Oxford, 1965)). [19] Commentary on the Qur'an, Razi, I, p. 432, Cairo, 1318/1900 [20] and •

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External links
• Islamic directory for Muslims (http://www.islamicfinder.org) Find Muslim Owned businesses, Masjids (Mosques) and Islamic Centers all over the world. • Muslim Population in Countries with different Alphabets (http://www.asoon.org/a-stats.htm)

Article Sources and Contributors

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Article Sources and Contributors
Muslim  Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?oldid=556901601  Contributors: 0, A rihani, A340-313X, AA, AAA765, ACSE, ALM scientist, AYousefzai, Aaboelela, Abc.agga, Abdel Qadir, Abeg92, Absar, Abtract, Academic Challenger, Ace Mobius 1, Acroterion, Activision45, Adam Bishop, Adamcaliph, Adamrce, Adriaan, Adrian, Ahmad Ammar, Ahmad85, AhmadAudi, Ahoerstemeier, Ahsaniqbal 93, Ahussains, Aitias, Akamad, AlJazeera, Alcea setosa, Ale jrb, Alexpassy, Alhidaaya, Alibadawi, Alihasni, All People Unite, Altenmann, Amaryllis25, Ambitus, Amcbride, Amerika, Amirkhan011, Amitparikh, Andres, Andrewa, Andrewlaneyboi93, Andy Marchbanks, Angrynight, AnonMoos, Anonymous Dissident, Anonymous editor, Antandrus, Anthere, Antidemon, Anton017, Applepie, Arhas, Armyrifle9, Arne List, Artacoana, Ashmoo, Asttn135, Atitarev, Atorpen, AusSF, Avaya1, AxelBoldt, Az1568, BGManofID, Babajobu, Backhander, Badanagram, Ballestrain, Banoviciminer, Barista, Baronnet, Basawala, Basharh, Basnetpr, Bastique, Bavarian aryan, Bayerischermann, Bean1000, Beast Gripper, Beatles9, Bejnar, Belovedfreak, Ben-Zin, BhaiSaab, BigCoolGuyy, Bigboehmboy, Biocrite, Black Kite, Blackjack48, BlankVerse, Bless sins, Bob200607, Bobblewik, Bobertboyle, Bobet, Bobo192, Bongwarrior, Boothy443, Borisblue, Borksamoht, Borock, Boston, BrainyBabe, Brand0119, BrandonYusufToropov, Brazilcake45, Brendan Moody, Brian0918, Brighterorange, Brisvegas, BrokenSegue, Buddy212, Budo, Buickid, Buterchiken, Butiaboy, Bwilkins, CAMDENBEER, CJ King, CUSENZA Mario, Cactus.man, Camembert, Campuzano85, Can't sleep, clown will eat me, Canadian-Bacon, CanadianCaesar, Canderson7, Canley, Capucine1986, Carbonite, Castle229, CattleGirl, Cbrown1023, Cdc, Centrx, Chairman S., Chameleon, Chancefind, Chanting Fox, Chaos on the internet, Chenyu, Cherylyoung, Chimesmonster, Chipuni, Chodorkovskiy, Chooonz, Chris the speller, ChrisGualtieri, Christopher Parham, Ciahmedau, Cipione91, Clayoquot, Climent Sostres, CltFn, Cmellios, Cobaltcigs, Coffin, Colenso, Cometstyles, Computerjoe, Cooky-cy, Coolboy123, Correctus2kX, Courageous, Cprompt, Crammed174, Cruxdestruct, Curps, DJ Clayworth, DVD R W, Dale4sail, Damicatz, Dan100, Daniel5127, DanielCD, Danielfolsom, Daqiq, Darkcheese, Dave, David aukerman, DavidDurieux, Davril2020, Dbachmann, Dcandeto, DeBeuk, DeadEyeArrow, Deadcorpse, Deadelo, Death grim, Deathlord111222333, Debduth, Debresser, Deconstructhis, Deeptrivia, Deflective, Dekisugi, Dennette, Derbeobachter, Detestation, Dforest, Digitalme, DimmiK, Dinosaur puppy, Discospinster, Dlohcierekim, Dmalveaux, Dmg46664, Doc Tropics, DocWatson42, Dodo bird, Dominic, DopefishJustin, Dpol, Dr.-Jeff, DrJahangirAli, Drmies, Drugsbunny, Duck whiff, Duke Ganote, Dullbozer, Dumaka, Durin, Dvmlny, ESkog, East718, Ebyabe, Eckmann88, Ed Poor, Edgarde, Editor2020, Eeekster, El C, Electrojimmy, Elektrik Shoos, Elmer Clark, Elonka, Eltaibzh, Emadd, Emiellaiendiay, Emotology, Emre D., Energyfreezer, Eric119, EronMain, Eskimospy, Everyking, EvocativeIntrigue, Eyesnore, F2002801, FF2010, Fahmishah, Faigl.ladislav, Fanjitarpad, Faraazs, Farhanisfarhan, Farhansher, Farrukh38, Faucon7, Faustino Santos, FayssalF, Feezo, Ffx, Fibo1123581321, Finlay McWalter, Fireplace, First blood, FisherQueen, Flauto Dolce, Flockmeal, Flowerz2010, Fnfd, Fourthords, Francs2000, Frank Lofaro Jr., Freakofnurture, Freedom4korea, FreplySpang, Frietjes, Fvw, GCarty, GHe, GWatson, Gabbe, Galoubet, Gamaliel, Geertjuh, Gegelia, Geneb1955, Geoffrey Gibson, GeorgeStepanek, Germen, Getoar, Gheuf, Giantcalledgrawp, Gilliam, Gimboid13, Gitai-goa, GlassCobra, Glen, Glenn, GodBlessUSA, GodlovesAvy, Goldom, Gonzalo Diethelm, Good Olfactory, Good day to you my neighbor, GopherQ, Goplat, GraemeL, Greatmuslim10, Greenday121, Grenavitar, Groovenstein, Guanaco, Gutho, Gwernol, Gyan, Hadal, Hamish Ross, HarisM, Haunti, Haydor, Haythamaly2, Hcanon, HiIamstandingbehindyou, Hinotori, Hkelkar, Hkettani, Hmann, Holybrahmin, Homafari2, Homestarmy, HumbleGod, Husainfamily, I Am Muslim, IRelayer, Iamtruth, Ian Pitchford, Ian13, Iandoherty07, Ibrahim Abdullah, Ifadly, Ihatefaggots, Ikiroid, Imadjafar, Imhungry22222, Inahet, Iridescent, Irishguy, Ironholds, Iruinwikipedia, Isuzu1001, It is me i think, Itchi Des Ne, Iwanttoeditthissh, Ixfd64, JForget, JNW, JWGLawler, JaGa, Jacek Kendysz, Jack turnip, Jack2575, Jacob.jose, Jacobandkyra, Jaffer, Jalal123, Jamakra, Jarble, Jauhienij, Jaymarcos, Jazjaz92, Jcw69, Jeff3000, Jefffire, Jeffro77, Jem13, Jericho4.0, Jesushaces, Jey86, Jisnu, Jkelly, Jklin, Jmlk17, JoanneB, John254, JohnCengiz77, JohnChrysostom, Johnleemk, Jojit fb, Jons63, Jonster, Jorvik, Joseph Solis in Australia, Joshuapietras, Jossi, Joyous!, Jozoisis, Jozpage, Jpkoester1, Jtkiefer, Jtle515, Just another emo xx, JustJoe, Jvano, Jwbaumann, K Rafters, Kahriman, Kalintor, Karanuk2005, Karimarie, Kayau, Kazak, Kazemita1, Kbh3rd, Keegan, Ketihmoon7, Khakhan, Khawar.nehal, Khoikhoi, Khukri, King Lopez, Kingturtle, Kintetsubuffalo, Kmsiever, 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Image Sources, Licenses and Contributors
File:Dongxiang minority student.jpg  Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Dongxiang_minority_student.jpg  License: Creative Commons Attribution 2.0  Contributors: Peter Morgan File:Men praying at Babur Gardens in 2010.jpg  Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:Men_praying_at_Babur_Gardens_in_2010.jpg  License: Public Domain  Contributors: Employee of the United States Federal Government File:World Muslim Population (Pew Forum).svg  Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=File:World_Muslim_Population_(Pew_Forum).svg  License: Creative Commons Attribution-Sharealike 3.0  Contributors: BlankMap-World6.svg: Canuckguy (talk) and many others (see File history) World_Muslim_Population_Pew_Forum.png: HaireDunya derivative work: NikNaks talk - gallery - wikipedia

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