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Batas Pambansa 344
1.10 – 1.30M

Length of Wheelchair

0.60 – 0.75M

Width of Wheelchair

1.50M

Wheelchair Turning Diameter

0.70 – 1.20M

Reach of persons confined to wheelchair above floor

0.70M

Leg Space clearance under tables

Architectural Features Stairs, Walkways, Corridors, Doors, Entrances, Lifts, Ramps, Parking Areas,
Switches, Handrails, Thresholds, Floor Finishes, Drinking Fountains, Public
Phone, Seating
2 wheelchair seating

4 – 50 seating capacity

4 wheelchair seating

51 – 300 seating capacity

6 wheelchair seating

301 – 500 seating capacity; additional 1 wheelchair seating for every 100
additional seats

5 disabled seats

Regular bus

6 disabled seats

Passenger train – per car

2 disabled seats

Airplanes

2 disabled seats

Jeepneys

20 minutes

Additional embarkation time for disabled

International Symbol
of Access

Identification for designated seats

0.90M

Dropped Curb minimum width and Curb cut-outs

1 : 12 gradient

Minimum towards adjoining curbs / Curb cut-outs / ramps

1 : 20 cross gradient

Maximum Sloped towards the road to prevent water

25MM

Maximum Lowest point of dropped curb/ door thresholds

1: 20 or 5%

Preferred Walkway gradient

1:100 cross gradient

Maximum for walkways

1.20M

Minimum walkway / ramp width / temporary walkway

13mm x13mm
projecting at 6.5mm
maximum

Maximum grating opening

1.5M for every 12M

Space provided at walkways for wheelchair / corridors

2.0M

Minimum walkways / signage headroom /corridor headroom / BP 220 headroom
clearance / Fire code minimum headroom

0.9M & 0.7M

Handrail height

1.0M – 1.06M

Handrail location at great heights

300mm

Handrail extension

30mm – 50mm
diameter

Handrail grip

50mm

Handrail wall clearance

40mm

Handrail ledge clearance

1.40M min 1.60M max

Signage height on walls and doors

1.50M min 2M
preferred

Crossing Central Refuge

0.90m/sec

Disabled walking speed

3.70M

Accessible parking width

1.80M x 1.50M

Level area for entrance with vestibule

6.0M

Maximum ramp length

1.5M

Ramp landing for 1 :12 gradient

1.8M

Level area at top and bottom of ramp

0.10M

Curb on both sides of ramp

1.8M from foot of
ramp

Railing for ramp with rise greater than .20M

0.8

Minimum door clear width / BP 220 as well

4.0KG

Closing pressure or force for doors

1.0KG

Closing pressure for interior doors

1.5M x 1.5M

Minimum clear level space beyond door

0.82M & 1.06M : 0.90M Doorknobs and other hardware location above floor
preferred
1.06M

Vertical pull handle location – centered

0.30M – 0.40M

Kick-plate height

1.20M – 1.30M

Manual Switch height above floor

0.20M

Manual switch distance from the latch

3.50M of every dead
end

Turnabouts to be provided

1.70M x 1.80m

Accessible water closet

1 :20 & 2 : more than
20

Minimum number of accessible WCs

0.30 triangle ends ;
7.5mm thick

Toilet signage

0.45M

Maximum height of water closet height

1.20M

Maximum flush control height

0.80M

Maximum lavatory height

0.60M – 0.70M

Lavatory knee recess vertical clearance

0.5M

Lavatory knee clearance depth

0.48M

Maximum urinal Lip height

Slanted Nosing

Preferred than projected nosing

0.30M

Tactile strip width installed to staircases

30M

Elevator distance from entrance

1.10M x 1.40M

Accessible elevator size

0.90M – 1.20M

Centerline of top most bottom of elevator control panels

20mm

Minimum elevator button diameter with depression of 1mm

1.0M

Top rail height for fences

0.35M

Tapping rail height for the blind on fences

0.20M

Minimum kick board for fences

VIBRA ALARM

For hearing impaired
National Building Code

SECRETARY

Administration of Code

BUILDING OFFICIAL

Enforcement of Code

15000 php Maximum

Indigenous Family Dwelling (Bamboo, Nipa, Logs, Lumber)

amount
Contract Lease

Needed if the applicant of Building permit is not the owner

For Building Permit

TCT, Description of work, estimated cost, classification of occupancy

15 days

Issuance of building permit after payment, appeal for non-issuance

1 year or 12 months

Expiration of building permit if not commenced

4 months or 120 days

Expiration of building permit if not suspended or abandoned

1 month or 30 days

Certificate of occupancy after final inspection

TYPE 1

Wood construction

TYPE 2

Wood construction with 1-hr fire resistance

TYPE 3

Masonry and Wood with 1 hr-fire resistance

TYPE 4

Steel, iron, concrete or masonry with fire resistance except permanent nonbearing structure may use fire retardant treated wood

TYPE 5

Steel, iron, concrete or masonry with fire resistance including all permanent
structures

Center line of
adjoining street

Considered adjacent property line

GENERAL USE
AND CHARACTER
OF OCCUPANCY
OF BUILDING

PRINCIPAL

GROUP A
RESIDENTIAL
DWELLING

28sqm

ZONING CLASSIFICATION

PARKING

Indegenouse
dwelling
1:6 units

DIVISION A1 Single Family
Occupants

Indigenous Family dwelling,
School or staff housing,
Single
nuclear
family
Dwelling, facilities for the
benefit
of
their
family
members and not operated
for gain

DIVISION A2 non-leasing
occupants not
exceeding 10
persons

Single-attached or duplex or
Residential R2
1:1 lot
townhouse, Police barracks, medium density residential use, Lot: 100 – 120sq.m
steam/dry cleaning, branch characterized mainly as a low rise GFA: 30 – 42 sq.m
library, museum etc.
structure for exclusive use as
multiple family dwellings
2 Types
Basic R2 – single attached or
duplex from 1-storey to 3-storeys
in height
Maximum R2 – low rise multilevel building from 3-storeys to 5storeys in height

GROUP B
RES. HOTELS &
APARTMENTS
DIVISION B1 Multiple Dwelling
units

Residential R1
low density residential zone
characterized mainly by singlefamily, single detached dwellings
with usual community ancillary
uses on a neighborhood scale.
Such as: executive subdivisions
and relative exclusive residential
communities which are not
subdivisions

1: 6 lots
Lot: 32 – 72 sq.m
GFA:18-22 sq.m
1: 4 lots
Lot: 50 – 96sq.m
GFA: 30 – 42 sq.m

18.6sqm/person

boarding/lodging
houses,
hotels, apartments, convents
and
monasteries
which
accommodates more than
10 persons

Residential R3
High density residential use or
occupancy characterized mainly
as a low-rise or medium-rise
structure; condominium buildings

1:1 lot
Lot: Above
120sq.m
GFA: Above
42.0sq.m

that are already commercial in
nature and scale
2 Types
Basic R3 – row house building
from 1-storey to 3-storey in height
Maximum R3 – medium rise
multi-level building from 6 to 12storeys in height

DIVISION C1 Educational
Institution

1:2 units
GFA: 50.0sq.m
1:1 unit
GFA: above 50.0 –
150
2:1 unit
GFA: above
150sqm

Residential R5
A very high density residential
use, mainly as a medium-rise or
high-rise condominium

1:8 units
GFA: 18 -22sq.m
1:6 units
50sq.m (med.
market)
1:1 unit
50sq.m (med/open
market)
1:4 units
above 50-100
(med. Market)
1:1 unit more than
100sq.m

HOTEL

1:3 rooms
(urbanized area)
1:7 rooms (other
area)
2 tourist bus
parking
1 articulated truck

MOTEL

1 :1 unit

PENSION HOUSE
GROUP C
EDUCATIONAL
AND
RECREATIONAL

Residential R4
A medium to high density use
mainly as a low-rise townhouse
building. The term R4 specifically
refers to the series or rows of R4
within a subdivision lot/property

1 : 20 beds

Classroom:
1.80sq.m/person
Shops/Labs/Vocational
rooms: 1.4sq.m
Laboratory: 4.6sq.m
Dry Nursery:
3.25sq.m/person
Schools,
universities,
seminar/workshop
seminaries etc

colleges,
facilities

CHURCHES AND
WORSHIP PLACE

1 car and 1
jeepney : 50sq.m
congregation

PUBLIC ELEMENTARY,
SECONDARY AND
VOCATIONAL SCHOOL

1 off-street cum
on site : 10
classrooms
1 off street for
passenger loading
for 2 jeeps

DIVISION C2 –
Recreational

GROUP D
INSTITUTIONAL

DIVISION D1 –
where personal
liberty of inmates
are restrained or
quarters of those
rendering public
assistance and
maintenance of
peace and order

PRIVATE ELEMENTARY,
SECONDARY AND
VOCATIONAL SCHOOL

1 : 5 classrooms
1 school bus :
100 students
1 off street for
passenger loading
for 2 jeeps

PUBLIC COLLEGES AND
UNIVERSITIES

1 : 5 classrooms
1 school bus :
200 students
1 off street for
passenger loading
for 2 jeeps

PRIVATE COLLEGES AND
UNIVERSITIES

1 : 3 classrooms
1 school bus :
100 students
1 off street for
passenger loading
for 2 jeeps

Amusement
Halls,
GENREAL INSTITUTION (GI)
1 : 4 bowling alley
Massage/Sauna
Parlors a community to national level of
Dancing School, Billiards etc
institutional use
characterized as low-rise to
medium rise or high-rise for
educational training and related
facilities
Sanitaria: 8.4sq.m/person
Nursing homes:
7.4sq.m/person
Sleeping Dept:
11sq.m/person
In-patient: 22sq.m/person
Dry Nursery:
3.25sq.m/person
Mental Hospitals, Police Fire
GENERAL INSTITUTION (GI)
station, Jails, Rehabilitation a community to national level of
Centers
institutional use
characterized as low-rise to
medium rise or high-rise for
medical, government service,
administrative and related facilities

MENTAL HOSPITAl,
SANITARIA AND ASSYLUM

DIVISION D2 – for
Health Care

1 : 25 beds
1 off street for
passenger loading
for 2 jeeps

Hospitals, Sanitaria, and
homes for the aged, for
children of kindergarten age
or non-ambulatory patients
accommodating m0re than 5
persons
PUBLIC HOSPITAL

1 : 25 beds
1 off street for
passenger loading
for 2 jeeps
1 articulated truck
1 standard truck

PRIVATE HOSPITAL

DIVISION D3 – for Nursing
Homes
ambulatory patients Ambulatory patients
or children over
orphanages
kindergarten age
GROUP E
BUSINESS AND
MERCANTILE

DIVISION E1 –
where no work is
done except for
change of parts
requiring no open
flame, welding or
use of highly
flammable liquids

1 : 12 beds
1 off street for
passenger loading
for 2 jeeps
1 articulated truck
1 standard truck
for

1 : 12 beds
1 off street for
passenger loading
for 2 jeeps

Street floor/below street floor:
2.8sq.m/pax
upper floor: 5.6sq.m/person
floors not open to public:
9.3sq.m/person
covered malls:
2.8sq.m/person
Gasoline Filling and Service
Station, Storage garage and
boat storage, bus and railway
depots, airports and heliports
facilities, pawnshop, shoe
shine etc.

COMMERCIAL 1 OR LIGHT
COMMERCIAL – C1
a neighborhood or commercial
level
use
occupancy
characterized as low-rise structure
for low intensity commercial/trade
service; 1-3 storey shopping
center, small offices etc.

TERMINALS, INTERUTILITIES, TRANSPORTATION
MODALS OR MULTI
and SERVICES (UTS)
MODALS OR DEPOTS AND range of utilitarian/functional uses
THE LIKE
or occupancies, characterized
mainly as a low-rise or mediumrise building for low to high
intensity
community
support
functions – terminals, multi
modals, inter-modals and depots
TRANSIT STATION AND
THE LIKE

DIVISION E2 –
business and
mercantile in
nature

Wholesale and retail sore, COMMERCIAL 2 OR MEDIUM
shopping center, malls and
COMMERCIAL – C2
supermarkets, wet and dry a municipal or city level use
markets, restaurants, clubs, characterized mainly as mediumbars etc
rise building for medium to highdensity commercial trade/service
– 3-5 storeys shopping center
PUBLIC MARKET

1 : 500sq.m
1 off street for
passenger loading
for 2 jeeps or bus

1 off street for
passenger loading
for 4 jeeps or 3
bus
1 jeep : 150sq.m
1 vendor jeep :
300 sq.m
1 off street for
passenger loading
for 4 jeeps or 6
trycicles
1 : 30sq.m

RESTAURANT,
FASTFOOD, BEERHOUSE

1 : 20sq.m cust.
Area
2 tourist bus slots

NIGHTCLUBS, SUPER
CLUBS AND THEATERRESTAURANT

1 : 30sq.m
1 pooled parking
(for units with a
GFA 18 – 40sq.m)

UNITS LOCATED IN
OFFICE, COMMERCIAL OR
MIXED USE
CONDOMINIUM

1 : unit w/ GFA 41
– 70sqm
1 : unit w/ GFA
70sqm

COLUMBARIUM

DIVISION E1 –
where no work is
done except for
change of parts
requiring no open
flame, welding or
use of highly
flammable liquids

GROUP F
INDUSTRIAL
(NON POLLUTIVE
& NONHAZARDOUS)
DIVISION F1 –
Light Industrial

SPECIAL (SPE)
1 : compartment
other
vertical
facilities
not niche
mentioned
under
regular
uses/occupancies of buildings
such as cemeteries, memorial
parks and the like

Aircraft Hangars, commercial
COMMERCIAL 3 OR
parking lots and garages, METROPOLITAN COMMERCIAL
department stores etc.
– C3
a
metropolitan
level
of
commercial use characterized
mainly as medium-rise to high-rise
building for high to very high
intensity commercial trade – large
to very large shopping malls, very
large office etc
9.3sq.m/person

ice plants, power plants,
pumping plants, cold storage
and creameries, pumping
plants,
factories
using
incombustible
and
nonexplosive materials

GROUP G
STORAGE AND
HAZARDOUS
INDUSTIAL
(POLLUTIVE/
NONHAZARDOUS /
POLLUTIVE AND
HAZARDOUS

Light Hazard:
9.3sq.m/person

DIVISION G1 –
Medium Industrial
which shall include
storage of
hazardous and
highly flammable
materials

Building for storing gasoline,
armories, arsenals, munitions
factories,
match
and
fireworks factories, plastic
resin plants

INDUSTRIAL 1 – I1
Light industrial use/occupancy
characterized mainly as a low-rise
but sprawling building structure
for low intensity manufacturing or
production activities

1 : 1000sq.m of
GFA
1 bus : 100
workers

INDUSTRIAL 2 – I2
medium
industrial
use
characterized mainly as a low-rise
but sprawling building for medium
intensity
manufacturing
or
production activities

1 : 1000sq.m of
GFA
1 bus : 100
workers
1 articulated truck
1 standard truck

UTILITIES TRANSPORTATION
AND SERVICES (UTS)
Range
of
utilitarian/functional
uses/occupancies characterized
mainly by low-rise or medium rise
buildings for low to high density
community functions
DIVISION G2 –
Medium Industrial
which shall include
storage flammable
materials

Dry cleaning plants, paint
stores with bulk handling,
paint shops and spray paint
rooms

DIVISION G3 –
Medium Industrial
buildings for wood
working activities,

Sawmills,
planing
mills,
paper factories, textile and
fiber spinning mills garment
and undergarment factories

paper cardboards,
textile and garment
DIVISION G4 –
Repair garages and shops,
Med Industrial for
factories for engines and
repair garages &
testing facilities
engine manufacture
DIVISION G5 –
Medium Industrial
for aircraft facilities

Hangars, Manufacture and
Assembly,
repairs
and
testings for aircraft engines

GROUP H
ASSEMBLY LESS
THAN 1000

Concentrated use w/o fixed
seats: 0.65sq.m
Less concentrated:
1.4sq.m/person
Standing/waiting room:
.28sq.m/person

DIVISION H1 –
Recreational;
occupant load less
than 1000

Theaters,
auditoriums,
concert halls, little theaters
and audio-visual rooms

PARK STRUCTURES
RECREATION &
ENTERTAINMENT (PRE)
Range of recreational uses or
occupancies, characterized mainly
as a low or medium rise building
for low to medium intensity
recreational functions - gym

1 : 50sq.m
spectator area
1 jeep : 50sq.m
spectator area
1 bus : 200
spectators

CULTURAL (CUL)
A community to National level of
cultural use characterized mainly
as low rise or medium rise building
for cultural activities – cultural
center
DIVISION H2 –
Dance
halls,
cabarets,
assembly with
ballrooms, cockfight arena,
stage and occupant skating rinks
load 300 or more

-do-

DIVISION H3 –
Dance Halls, Skating Rinks
assembly with
stage and occupant
load of less than
300

-do-

DIVISION H4 –
tourism estate
developments or
tourism oriented

Sport
stands,
reviewing
stands,
grandstands,
all
types of resort complexes
COVERED AMUSEMENT
PARKS

1 : 50sq.m GFA

CLUB HOUSE / BEACH
HOUSES

1 : 100sq.m GFA

GROUP I
ASSEMBLY of
1000 or more
DIVISION I1 –
Coliseum
and
sport
PARK STRUCTURES
assembly with
complexes, theaters, concert
RECREATION &
stage and occupant halls, convention center
ENTERTAINMENT (PRE)
load of 1000 or
Range of recreational uses or
more
occupancies, characterized mainly
as a low or medium rise building
for low to medium intensity
recreational functions – gym

1 : 50sq.m
spectator area
1 jeep : 50sq.m
spectator area
1 bus : 200
spectators

CULTURAL (CUL)
A community to National level of
cultural use characterized mainly
as low rise or medium rise building
for cultural activities – cultural
center
GROUP J
ACCESSORY
AGRICULTURAL
& OTHERS
DIVISION J1

Agricultural
structures;
AGRICULTURAL (A)
1 : 1000sq.m of
sheds, bams, poultry house, for low to high intensity agricultural GFA
piggeries, stables
related activities
1 bus : 100
workers
1 articulated truck
1 standard truck
AGRO INDUSTRIAL (AI)
For low to high intensity agroindustrial related activities

DIVISION J2 –
Accessories

Private Garages, towers, PLANNED UNIT DEVELOPMENT
chimneys, swimming pool,
(PUD)
fences over 1.8m
Land development/redevelopment
9.3sqm
for a new or built-up project site
wherein said project site must
have a CDMP (Comprehensive
Development Master Plan)

DIVISION J3

Stages, Platforms tennis,
badminton, basketball courts,
tombs, mausoleum etc

AMBF
MACA
AMVB

Allowable Maximum Building TLA – Setbacks (Land required for yards/courts) + additional
Footprint
buildable lot area due to firewall
Maximum Allowable
Construction Area

Maximum Allowable PSO + Max ISO (Excluding Min USA)

Allowable Maximum Volume AMBF x BHL (expressed in cubic meters)
of the Building

TGFA

Total Gross Floor Area

GFA

Gross Floor Area

TLA

Total Lot Area

BHL

Building Height Limit

BB

Building Bulk

PSO

Percentage of Site
Occupancy

FLAR

Floor to Lot Area Ratio

OFB

Outermost Face of the
Building

Max
ISA

Impervious Surface Area

GFA + Non GFA – All requirements for courts at all floors
TLA x Recommended FLAR
Total floor space within the perimeter of the permanent external
building walls
Excludes:
1. Covered area used for parking and driveways
2. Uncovered area- garden, balcony exceeding 10sqm, courts,
plaza etc
L x W of Lot or PSO + TOSL
Determined by DC considering 1 floor is 3m
AMBF / TLA
GFA:TLA

Determined by DC expressed in percentage

Min
USA
TOSL

Unpaved Surface Area

Determined by DC expressed in percentage

Total Open Space within Lot ISA + USA expressed in Percentage

OSL

Open Space within Lot

750mm

Minimum eave over required window

No firewall for R1

Except if used for support of carport 7M or 50% of side property line

80% of property line
(1 side only)

R2 firewall

85% not exceeding
65% of perimeter

R3 firewall

90% at 1 side only
(REAR)

R3 firewall

85% per side (2 sides) R4 firewall
75% per side (2 sides) R5 firewall
65% per side (2 sides
including rear)

R5 firewall

RROW ; 6 – 7M

BHL ; 3 storeys – 9 meters

RROW ; 4 – 5M

BHL ; 2 ½ storeys – 7.5 meters

RROW ; 3M

BHL ; 2 storeys – 6 meters

4 kilometer

Radius of runway requiring ATO permit

2.5M x 5M

Perpendicular or diagonal parking

2.15M x 6M

Parallel parking

3.6M x 12M

Standard truck / bus

3.6M x 18M

Articulated truck

3M x 9M

Jeepney

20 % within 200M
radius

Multi floor parking provided 80% of parking is integrated in building

Group A Dwellings Minimum
2M

Minimum easement

1 sanitary

Minimum toilet

250mm thk x 600mm
deep

Minimum footing

200kg / sq.m

1 floor live load

150kg / sq.m

2

120kg / sq.m

Roof wind load

200mm x 200mm x
750mm

Staircase (rise, run, width)

1

Entrance / exit

Clearance for
cemeteries

DOH, NWRC, DENR and HLURB

3M

Maximum height of cemetery perimeter / enclosure

st

nd

floor live load

2M high, 5M clearance If cemetery is enclosed by a solid reinforced concrete
from fence

1.5M deep excavation

Minimum for ground interment

1M deep

Minimum for ground interment in concrete vault

150mm

Minimum enclosure of multi-level increment niches of solid reinforced concrete

50mm

Minimum thickness of horizontal divisions of columbaria made of reinforced
concrete

100mm

Minimum thickness of vertical divisions of columbaria made of reinforced concrete

300x300x460

Minimum cinerarium size

50sq.m.

Minimum chapel area within cemetery

1.60sq.m

Additional area for chaplets after 30 persons

64sq.m with area
above 1Ha

Administrative office

100m

Max distance of lamp post for street

5% of GFA of
cemetery

Parking area

LOT TYPES OPEN SPACE
LOT TYPE

GROUP A, B, C, D
AND J

GROUP E, F, G, H AND I

INTERIOR

50.00%

20.00%

INSIDE

20.00%

15.00%

CORNER

10.00%

5.00%

THROUGH

10.00%

5.00%

CORNER-THROUGH

5.00%

5.00%

CORNER – ABUTT 3 STREETS

5.00%

5.00%

END/ with EXPANDED ACCESS
WAY

30-50% (A,B,C,D,E-2
& H)

20-50% (H-1,H-2,H-4 &I)

MINIMUM SETBACK FOR RESIDENTIAL BUILDING/STRUCTURES
R – 1 (FRONT – SIDE
– REAR)

4.5 – 2 – 2

BASIC

R – 2 (FRONT – SIDE
– REAR)

3–2–2

MAXIMUM

R – 2 (FRONT – SIDE
– REAR)

8–2–2

BASIC

R – 3 (FRONT – SIDE
– REAR)

3–0–0

MAXIMUM

R – 3 (FRONT – SIDE
– REAR)

8 – 2(optional) – 2

INDIVIDUAL LOT/UNIT

R – 4 (FRONT – SIDE
– REAR)

4.5 – 2(optional) – 2

R – 5 (FRONT – SIDE
– REAR)

6–3–3

MINIMUM SETBACK FOR COMMERCIAL, INDUSTRIAL, INSTITUTIONAL AND RECREATIONAL
BUILDINGS
ROAD RIGHT OF WAY

30 METERS &
ABOVE

8–5–5

25 -29 METERS

6–3–3

20 – 24 METERS

5–3–3

10 – 19 METERS

5–2–2

BELOW 10 METERS

5–2–2

MINIMUM SIDEWALK/PLANTING STRIP

ROAD RIGHT OF WAY

SIDEWALK

PLANTING STRIP

30 METERS &
ABOVE

1/6 to ¼ of RROW

1.20 (.60 both sides)

25 -29 METERS

1/6 to 1/3 of RROW

0.60 (.30 both sides)

20 – 24 METERS

1/6 to 1/3 of RROW

0.4 (.20 both sides)

10 – 19 METERS

¼ to 1/3 of RROW

0.4 (.20 both sides)

BELOW 10 METERS

¼ to 1/3 of RROW

OPTIONAL

PROJECTION OF BALCONY AND APPENDAGES

WIDTH OF STREETS

3.0 – 5.9 METERS

0.60 METER

6.0 – 9.9 METERS

0.90 METER

10.0 – 10.9 METERS

1.00 METER

11.0 – 11.9 METERS

1.10 METERS

12.0 – 12.9 METERS

1.30 METERS

13.0 – 13.9 METERS

1.40 METERS

14 METERS OR
OVER

1.50 METERS

MINIMUM RROW PROVISIONS w/ MULTIPLE DWELLING UNITS
NUMBER OF UNITS

MINIMUM ROAD
WIDTH

MIN. SIDEWALK
WIDTH (EACH
SIDE)

TOTAL RROW
WIDTH

UP TO 6 UNITS

3M

0.60M

4.2M

7 – 15 UNITS

4M

1M

6M

16 – 25 UNITS

5M

1M

7M

26 – 35 UNITS

6M

1M

8M

36 and ABOVE

6.7M

1M

8.7M

EASEMENT ALONG WATER BODIES
URBAN AREAS

3.00 METERS PER SIDE OF WATERWAY

AGRICULTURAL AREAS

20 METERS PER SIDE OF WATERWAY

FOREST AREAS

40 METERS PER SIDE OF WATERWAY
rd

th

.30M – total 3.60M

Total incremental setback every floor stariting from 3 to 14

1.17M – total 8.19M

Total incremental setback for a 16-storey commercial building

400mm

Absolute minimum for firewall above roof lines

2HR

Minimum fire rating for fire wall

2.40M Ceiling height

Habitable Rooms with ARTIFICIAL VENTILATION

2.70M Ceiling height

For more than 1 storey; 1ST STOREY

2.40M Ceiling height

For more than 1 storey; 2ND STOREY

2.10M Ceiling height

For more than 1 storey; SUCCEEDING STOREY

2.70M Ceiling height

Habitable Rooms with NATURAL VENTILATION

1.80M Ceiling height

Mezzanine Floor

6sqm; minimum

Rooms for Human Habitation

dimension of 2m
3sqm; minimum
dimension of 1.5m

Kitchen

1.2sqm; minimum
dimension of 0.90m

Bath and Toilet

3.00 cubic meters w/
1.00 square meters

School rooms

12.00 cubic meters

Workshop, factories and offices

14.00 cubic meters

Habitable rooms

10% of floor area

Window openings / BP 220 as well

1/20 of floor are –
240sq.m. Min

t&b window opening / BP 220 as well

.82M x 1.0M

Minimum window opening

820mm

Floor to bottom of window

1.0sq.m – 600mm min. Minimum vent shaft area
dimension
0.30sq.m

Minimum cross sectional area for air ducts

200mm

Minimum width of planting strip for grass and shrubs

300mm

Minimum width of planting strip for trees

800mm

Minimum planting strip to separate a 2M RROW to sidewalk

1/3 to ¼ slope

Minimum entry ramp of the driveway connecting the roadway surface to the
sidewalk

1/8 slope

If curb is 200mm

1/10 slope

Maximum entrance and exit ramps

2 steps

Minimum number of staircase

300mm

Minimum run

100mm

Minimum rise

RROW ABOVE
GRADE

From the finished surface of the road way all the way up to the air

RROW AT GRADE

Natural grade line

RROW BELOW
GRADE

From the finished surface of the road all the way into the ground

1.2M (each side) –
2.4M total

Minimum width of sidewalk for a RROW of 9M or more

10M

Minimum RROW width that services the lot on which basement can be
constructed

1.4M

Basement from the outermost face of the building

DRINKING WATER
APPROVAL

NATIONAL STANDARDS FOR DRINKING WATER STANDARDS

PIPE MATERIALS

To conform to BUREAU OF PRODUCT STANDARDS of DEPARTMENT OF
TRADE AND INDUSTRY

NOISE STANDARDS

Emission standards of DENR

300mm

Horizontal clearance of canopy / marquee / awning and curb line

3M

Vertical clearance of marquee from pavement

2.4M

Vertical clearance of awning from pavement

4M

Minimum width of chaflan

3.6M

Width of street with chaflan

650kg/sqm

Minimum live load to be supported by temporary walkway

1M

Minimum pedestrian protective railing

2.4M

Minimum fence height above grade / minimum canopy clear height

30 days

Removal of protection after such protection is no longer required

48 hours

Restoration of excavation after disturbances

10 days

Owners of adjoining property to be informed prior to excavation

BENCH

Formed at the junction of the strata to carry an intermediate intercepting drain

1.5M deep trench

To be provided with suitable escape

7.5M length

Escape for trench

300mm

Extension of draft curtain

600mm

Automatic sprinkler from draft opening

1.8M

Max distance of sprinkler center to center

CAMBER

Provided at roof to prevent sagging

600sqm – 600mm min Attic
dimension
800mm

Minimum attic headroom

DRAFT STOPS

Provided on roof for buildings above 2000sqm

300mm change of
elevation

Requires ramp

2 exits

More than 10 occupant load

3 exits

500 – 999 occupant load

4 exits

1000 or more occupant load

Occupant load / 165

Minimum exit width

1/5 of perimeter area

Distance apart for 2 exits required

45 meters

No sprinkler

50 meters

Provide sprinkler

13sqm

Minimum vision panel area for doors

Flush bolt / surface
bolt

Prohibited

700mm

Minimum door width /BP 220 service and bedroom doors

1.2M

Maximum door leaf width

50mm

Maximum change of levels at doors

1.1M

Minimum balcony clear width

6M

Maximum dead end

1.1M – stairway width

More than 50 occupant load

900mm

50 – or less

750mm

Less than 10

200mm x 250mm

Rise and run of staircase except group A dwelling

1500mm x 300mm

Rise and run of winding staircase

250mm

Circular staircase run

1.2M

Maximum landing for straight run

3.6M

Maximum vertical distance of stair landings

1 for every 3M

Staircase handrail

800 – 900mm

Handrail height from nosing

Less than 4 risers

No need for handrail

5mm

Maximum variation

2.0M

Minimum headroom

1.1M

Minimum ramp width

1 : 10 slope

Maximum exit court ramp

1 : 8 slope

Maximum passageway ramp

10.7 LUX

Minimum lighting level

800mm

Minimum aisle width

840mm

Back to back seat spacing

450mm

Minimum seat horizontal clearance for 18 seats

500mm

Minimum seat horizontal clearance for 35 seats

525mm

Minimum seat horizontal clearance for 45 seats

550mm

Minimum seat horizontal clearance for 46 seats

600mm

Back to back seat spacing without backrest (bleacher)

750mm

Back to back seat spacing with backrest (bleacher)

850mm

Back to back seat spacing for chair seating (bleacher)

400mm

Maximum rise of rows

Footboard

Seating plank is 600mm above grade

2 exits

Minimum for safe dispersal area – accommodation more than 300 persons

3 exits

More than 6000 persons (safe dispersal area) – accommodation more than 1000
persons

4 exits

More than 9000 persons (safe dispersal area) – accommodation more than 3000
persons

2 exits – 1 may be a
ladder

Minimum boiler room means of egress

625mm

Maximum spacing for skylight flat wired glass

1.5M

Maximum spacing for skylight corrugated wired glass

750mm above grade

Railings to be provided for balconies

6M

Maximum height of greenhouse with ordinary glass

12.5mm

Minimum glass thickness for transmission of light

Fire extinguishing
system

Basement with area of 200sqm

4 or more storeys

Dry standpipe to be provided – size of 900L/minute within 300mm of staitway
opening

2 or more storeys

Wet standpipe to be provided – 190L/minute

1.2M

Maximum ht of dry standpipe from floor

38mm

Minimum hosereel diameter

23M

Maximum hosereel length

Proscenium wall

Separates stage from auditorium

1.2M

Minimum height of proscenium wall

600mm

Elevator pit clearance

2 hoistways

4 elevators

600mm room height

Requires iron ladder for machine room of elevator

3 hoistways

Minimum for traction elevator

2 hoistways

Drum type elevator

60 degrees

Maximum inclination of ladder to machine room

30mm

Minimum hoistway diameter

1 elevator

5-storey building

30 degrees

Maximum escalator inclination

560mm

Minimum balustrade to balustrade distance

1.2M

Mamimum balustrade to balustrade distance

Width of balustrade to Shall not exceed step by more than 330mm
blaustrade
TEMPERED GLASS

If balustrade is of glass material

38M / minute

Escalator speed

1M

Minimum boiler distance from wall

2

Minimum number of boiler exit

1 safety valve

For boiler less than 46sqm

1 year

Certificate of operation issued for boilers

15 – 30 days

Notification before boiler inspection

20 – 24 deg celcius /
4.6 – 7.6M /minute

Effective temperature and relative humidity

2.10M

Minimum window type airconditioning system clearance from floor

100mm pipe

To be flanged

MATERIAL PIPED

PIPE COLOR

PIPE IDETIFICATION

WATER – DISTILLED

GREEN

Distilled water

WATER (FIRE SERVICES)

RED

Fire service water

WATER – HOT
WATER – HIGH PRESSURE

YELLOW

Hot water
H.P. water

WATER – LOW PRESSURE
WATER – TREATED

GREEN

L.P. Water
Treated water

OIL and WATER (for hydraulic
system

GREEN and ORANGE

Oil and water

1.2M – 3M height
clearance

Maximum sign projection over sidewalk

600mm

Maximum sign projection over arcaded RROW / street

300mm

Maximum sign projection over abutting buildings without sidewalk

3M

Minimum height clearance for buildings without arcades

1M – 5M height
clearance

Maximum sign projection for building with arcades

4M

Clear distance for neon signboards

3M height – 300mm
projection

Signs over alleys

4.5 height – 1M
projection

Signs over alleys

RA 9266
ARCHITECT

Registered and Licensed – means 1 and the same

15 years

Architect’s civil liability

1.5% of project cost

For government architect-of-record – to cover civil liability

ARCHITECT-OFRECORD

Responsible to civil liabilty 1723 for documents he signed and sealed

ARCHITECTURAL
FIRM

Sole proprietorship, partnership or corporation registered with the proper
government agencies

AUTHORSHIP

Author or Authors of a set of Architectural Plans and Specifications

SERVICE
AGREEMENT

Duly notarized written Contract stipulating the scope of services and guaranteeing
compensation

IAPOA

Integrated and Accredited Professional Organization of Architects

ASSOCIATION

Formal grouping of 2 or more architects/firms working in join venture PROJECT
BASE

ARCHITECTURAL
COMPANY

Juridical entity synonymous to ARCHITECTURAL PARTNERSHIP registered with
the SEC

ARCHITECTURAL
CORPORATION

Group of prof. In architecture and allied professionals to deliver professional
services in Architecture

ARCHITECTURAL
PARTNERSHIP

Group of two or more architects duly registered with the SEC and BOA

CERTIFICATE OF
REGISTRATION

Certificate bearing a registration number issued by PRC through BOA

FILIPINO
COUNTERPART

Filipino Architect working in association with a foreign Architect/firm etc.

PLANNING

Physical planning at site, community or Urban level by an Architect

PHYSICAL PLANNER

Architect who specializes in the detailed physical planning of land or property

PHYSICAL PLANNING Detailed physical planning of land or property
PROFESSIONAL

Person whose name and registration license number is entered in the PRC
registry book

PIC

Professional Identification Card with number, date of issuance, expiry (every 3
years)

SOLE
PROPRIETORSHIP

Individual architect practicing and delivering architectural services registered with
DTI, BOA and PRC

URBAN DESIGN

Physical and systemic design on a community and urban plane

CIAC

Construction Industry Arbitration Commission

GOCC

Government Owned and Controlled Corporations

10 YEARS

Required years of experience to qualify as PRC board

3 years

Term of office

30 days

Issuance of permit for foreign architect
CONTRACTS, ESTIMATES and SPECIFICATION

CONTRACT

is a "promise" or an "agreement" made of a set of promises

CONTRACTUAL
OBLIGATIONS

are voluntarily undertaken and owed to a specific person or persons

OBLIGATIONS IN
TORT

based on the wrongful infliction of harm to certain protected interests, primarily
imposed by the law, and typically owed to a wider class of persons

ESTIMATES

logical and sensible assumptions of the quantities, qualities, values, or degrees of
a set of subjects

COST ESTIMATES

Total probable cost of project

QUANTITY
ESTIMATES

Primary estimation

PRODUCTIVITY
ESTIMATES

Total probable cost of labor

BILL OF MATERIALS

List of materials

VALUE ENGINEERING a review of the plan and design of a project so as to coordinate with the sizes and
specifications of construction materials. It’s aim is to avoid wastage and maximize
the use of each material
DETAILED ESTIMATE estimate that breaks the subject down into as many items or components
possible. Each component are often described with specifications
ROUGH ESTIMATE

estimate that is computed in general and vague. It is often an assumption by
area, volume, or bulk

LUMP SUM

assumption of the totality of an item without consideration of its specific
components

OPEN
SPECIFICATIONS

general requirements w/o consideration of a specific type or brand for materials.
Open specs may be subject to reasonable changes and equivalencies

CLOSED
SPECIFICATIONS

establishes the exact and specific quantity, types, color, texture, and other
properties. Such can not be changed or subjected to equivalencies without prior
concent from the specs writter or the architect

BRAND NAME
SPECIFICATIONS

specifies the manufacturers and producers or the brands of materials and
products

COMBINATION
SPECIFICATION

Combines two or more techniques

ARCHITECT’S NATIONAL CODE
7 SERVICES

Full sprectrum of architect’s range of services

GROUP 1
Simplest Utilization
Character

Armories, Bakeries, Parking Structures, Hangars, Public
Markets, Printing Plants, warehouses, Freight Facilities,
Industrial buildings

6 percent

GROUP 2
Moderate Complexity

Bowling alleys, Art galleries, nursing homes, office buildings,
park, playground restaurants, retail stores, libraries, fire
stations, dormitories, motels and apartels

7 percent

GROUP 3
Aquariums, Auditoriums, Airports, Hospitals, Observatories,
Exceptional Complexity Gymnasiums, Hotels, Laboratories, Mental Institutions,
Mortuaries

8 percent

GROUP 4
Residences

Single Detached or Duplex, Small apartment and town houses

10 percent

GROUP 5
Monumental Buildings

Museums, Exposition and Fair Buildings, Mausoleums

12 percent

GROUP 6
First Structure ---------------------------------------------------------------- Minimum Basic
Repetitive Construction --------------------------------------------------------Fee
of Buildings
Second Structure ----------------------------------------------------------80% of Basic
----------------------------------------------------------Fee
Third Structure--------------------------------------------------------------60% of Basic
---------------------------------------------------------Fee
Succeding Structure-------------------------------------------------------40% of Basic
----------------------------------------------------------Fee

GROUP 7
Housing Project

First Unit----------------------------------------------------------------------10% of
-------------------------------------------------------Construction
2 – 10 units-------------------------------------------------------------------Cost
--------------------------------------------------------1 unit plus 60%
11 units and above---------------------------------------------------------10 units plus
---------------------------------------------------------30%

GROUP 8
Extensive Detail

Furniture Design, Special Fittings, Interior Design

GROUP 9

Alterations and additions of existing structures belonging to
group 1 – 5

50 – 150% of
basic fee

GROUP 10

Technical advice

200php / hour
500php /
appearance

15% of Project
Construction
Cost

All based on peso November 1979

PAYMENT SCHEDULE
5%

Upon Signing the contract

15%

Upon 15 days after submission of Schematic design Services

35%

Upon 15 days after submission of Design Development Services

85%

Upon 15 days after submission of Contract Documents
Upon 15 days after awards of bid

Remaining 15%
10%-------------------------- Architects Liabilty under civil code
--------------------Construction phase services
5%-----------------------------------------------MINIMUM BASIC FEE

Refers to work done by contractor on Lump Sum Basis

5 SETS

To be furnished to the owner – additional copy; additional payment

More than 6 MONTHS

In the event of suspension – additional payment for construction phase

2 COPIES

Records of expenses to be furnished by owner to the architect

Project Construction
Cost
----does not include
ARCHITECT’S FEE or
ENGINEER’S FEE or
the SALARIES of
INSPECTORS

Cost of completed structure including
Plumbing
Electrical Fixtures
Mechanical Equipment
Elevators, escalators
Airconditioning System
Sprinkler System
UAP DOCS

UAP DOC 201
Pre-Design Sercvices

Economic and Feasibility Studies
Project Financing
Architectural Programming
Site Selection and Analysis
Site Utilization and Land-use studies
Space / Management Studies
Promotional Services

UAP DOC 202
DESIGN SERVICES
----Regular Services----

Schematic Design Phase
Design Development Phase
Contract Document Phase
Construction Phase

----Project
Classification----

Includes normal:
Structural
Electrical,
Plumbing/Sanitary
Mechanical Engineering Services

UAP DOC 203
12% - 20% compensation
SPECIALIZED ALLIED 15% compensation – usual
SERVICES
furniture, interior design, finishes etc.
----Interior Design
Services-------Acoustic,
Communication and
Electronic Engineering
Services-------Landscape Design---

30% - preliminary design
50% - final design
20% - completion of project
----5% - if working with consultants for concept design----

----Components of
Master Development
Plan----

Physical Plan
Transportation and Utilities System
Economic Component
Socio-Cultural Componant
Legal Administrative

UAP DOC 204
CONSTRUCTION
SERVICES
----Full Time
Supervision---

Full Time Supervision Assistance to architect
By CONSTRUCTION INSPECTOR OR Clerk-of-Works
Construction Team
Owner
Architect
Contractor
Clerk-of-works
Construction Manager

UAP DOC 205
POST –
CONSTRUCTION
SERVICES

4% - 6% of gross rental for fee

UAP DOC 206
COMPREHENSIVE
ARCHITECTURAL
SERVICES

Pre – design Services
Design Services
Specialized Allied Services
Constrution Services
Post Construction Services

UAP DOC 207
DESIGN BUILD
SERVICES
7% of project construction cost
----By Administration---- 10% of project construction cost
----By Guaranteed
Maximum Cost---UAP DOC 208
SELECTION OF
ARCHITECT AND
METHOD OF
COMPENSATION

Direct Selection
Comparative Selection
Architectural Design Competition

----percentage of
construction cost-------multiple of direct
personal expense-------lump sum or fixed
fee----

Widely used, fair to client and architect
Applicable only to work such as accounting, secretarial, research, reports and the
like (multiplier 2 – 2.5
Some government agencies… disadvantageous to both parties

UAP DOC 209
NATIONAL

Owner – person or organization who undertakes or promotes a competition
b. Jury – appointed by Owner to asses entries

COMPETITION CODE

c. Professional Advisor – architect nominated by owner and approved by UAP to
organize competition in behalf of the owner
d. Technical Advisor – Technical personal who may be consulted by jurors for
relevant information
e. Competition Secretariat – body formed by owner to assist professional advisor
and jury in the administrative conduct of competition

OWNER

ARCHITECT

Selection of
Consultants

Selection of
Consultants

Site Selection and
Evaluation

Site Selection and
Evaluation

Feasibilty –
Marketing
Feasibility –
Financial

Feasibility –
Technical
Feasibility – Socio
Economic
Estimates
Topographic Survey
Clearances

Approval of
Contract
Documents

Specifications
Preliminary
Estimates
Construction
Documents
Procurement
Specifications

GEN.
CONTRACTOR

CONSTRUCTION
SUPERVISOR
GROUP

CONSTRUCTION
MANAGER

Preliminary
Estimates
Procurement
Specifications

Selection of
Selection of General
Construction
Contractor
Manager
Preparation of Bids
Selection of General
Documents
Contractor
Distribution of Bids
Selection of Bids
Documents
Distribution of Bids
Documents
Part – Time
inspector

Full – time
inspection

Secure Building
Review Schedule of
Permit
Construction
Payment of Building
Permit
Approve Schedule
of Construction

Full – time
inspection

Secure Building
Secure Building
Permit
Permit
Payment of Building Review Schedule of
Permit
Construction
Schedule of
Construction
Keeping of Records Keeping of Records
(Time Records,
(Time Records,
Logbook, contract
Logbook, contract
documents, minutes documents, minutes
etc))
etc)

Request for Change Request for Change Request for Change
Order
Order
Order
Issuance of Change
Evaluation of
Order
Change Order
Evaluation of
Change Order
Payment

Certificate of
Payment

Billing

Evaluation of
Change Order

Evaluation of
Change Order

Verification of Billing Verification of Billing
Certificate of

Resolution of
Conflict
Cost Control

Approval of Shop
Drawing
Approval of
FInishes

Payment
Preparation of Shop
Drawing
Quality Control
Coordination Works
Final Inspection
Correction
Measures

Quality Control

Quality Control
Coordination Works

UAP DOC 301 GENERAL CONDITIONS
CONTRACT
DOCUMENTS
-including all
additions, deletions
and modifications

Agreement
General Conditions
Special Provisions
Specifications
Drawings

Project
Representative

Full time Construction Inspector

Contractor

person whom the contract was awarded

Sub-contractor

person having a direct contact with the contractor

Surety

person who provides the guarantee for CONTRACTOR'S BOND

Proposal

Offer of a bidder to perform a work

Proposal Bond

cashier's check or surety bond accompanying the proposal submitted by the
bidder

Performance Bond

approved form of security furnished by the contractor and his surety to execute
the work

Payment bond

approved form of security furnished by the contractor and his surety to pay all
obligations

Guaranteed Bond

approved form of security furnished by the contractor and his surety to the
quality of materials and equipments and workmanship

Agreement

Contract between the owner and the contractor

Advertisement or
Invitation to Bid

notice published to perspective bidders

Bid Bulletin

additional information to bidders before bidding

Instruction to Bidders List of Instructions stipulating the manner on how bids are to be prepared
Drawings

Graphical Presentation including all suplementary details and shop drawings

General Conditions

Printed documents stipulating the procedural and administrative aspects of the
contract

Special Provisions

Issued prior to bidding to supplement / modify Drawings, Specifications and
General Conditions

Specifications

Description of work to be done describing qualities of material and mode of
construction

Supplementary
Specifications

Additional Information to the provisions of the Specification

Schedule of Material
and Finishes

Outline specification enumerating the type or trade names of materials to be used

Breakdown of work
and corresponding
value

listing of the different parts of the work

Written Notice

information, advice and notification pertinent to the project delivered in person or
sent by registered mail

Act of God or Force
Majeure

earthquake, flood, typhoon, cyclone and other cataclysmic phenomenon or
nature, all misfortunes human prudence could not foresee or prevent

Time Limits

time allowed by the contract for the completion of project

Local Laws

ordinances and other government regulations applicable to the project

Work

term of the contractor which includes labor, materials etc. necessary to
commence and complete the construction

Furnish

Purchase, Fabricate and Delivered

Install

build in, mount in position, connect or apply

Provide

Furnish and Install

Required or
Necessary

as required or necessary for the complete execution of the portion of work

Singular or Plural

Reference to number of devices required to complete work

Quintuplicate

Number of signature by owner and contractor to the contreact document

Specifications

Drawings vs. Specifications

Detailed
Specifications

General Conditions conflict

7 days

10 days

Contract
Time
Reckonin
g
(from
receipt of
notice to
proceed)

Beginning,
Suspending or
Resuming of work
(written notice to
the architect,
except in case of
accident)

15 days
Request for time
Extension
(from occurrence of
Delay)

5 days

Repair
and
Correctio
n Work
(at the
Contract Sum
expense
Breakdown
of
(from reciept of notice) contracto
Request for supply
r after
of Owner
Claim for extra cost
written
furnished
(to be given to
notice of
1 year
materials
architect, delay due to owner)
owner’s fault)
Contracto (Written request
prior to when its
rs
Architect’s action on
Guarante needed)
Payment Request
e Bond
(furnishe Correction Before (after receipt of of
final paymet
request for payment)
d to
(Contractor to
owner
remove
Owner’s action on
after
performa condemned work payment request
(from date of
nce and within 10 days)
architect’s approval on
payment
Correction Before payment request
bond
andtake final paymet
Contractor may
effect for (Contractor must
pay expenses of
terminate and suspend
a year)
condemned work work
within 10 days)
(after notice to owner
and architect)
Correction Before (after architect fails to
final paymet
act on request for
(Owner may sell
payment)

30 days
Release
of
retention
(after
date of
final
payment
)

90 days

Contract
or may
suspend
work
(if any
court /
public
authority
suspend
Owner to work for
pay
90 days)
contracto
r after
award by
arbitrator
s)
(Contract
or may
terminat
e and
suspend
work
upon 15
days)

1 week

2 weeks

Subcontracto
r’s claim
for extra
cost
(claim to
the
contracto
r)

Request
for
drawings
(claim for
delay
only after
2 weeks)

Contract
Time
Reckonin
g
(from
receipt of
notice to
proceed)

1 year
Contracto
rs
Guarante
e Bond
(furnishe
d to
owner
after
performa
nce and
payment
bond
andtake
effect for
a year)

the materials from
notice of intent to
sell within 10
days)
Contractor’s
Liability Insurance
(Insurance policy
shall not be
cancelled withou
10 day notice by
owner)

(after owner fails to act Repair
on request for
and
payment)
Correctio
n Work
Owner right to
(at the
teminate contract
expense
(Declare bankruptcy
of
etc)
contracto
r after
Arbitration to be
written
demanded
notice of
(if architect fails to
owner)
render a decision on
dipute within 15 days)

Release
of
retention
(after
date of
final
payment
)

Contract
or may
suspend
work
(if any
court /
public
authority
suspend
Owner to work for
pay
90 days)
contracto
r after
award by
arbitrator
s)
(Contract
or may
terminat
e and
suspend
work
upon 15
days)

Subcontracto
r’s claim
for extra
cost
(claim to
the
contracto
r)

REPUBLIC ACTS
RA 9514

Repealing PD 1185 / Revised fire Code of the Philippines 2008

RA 9266

Architecture Act of 2004

RA 9053

Phil. Landscape Architecture Act of 2000

RA 8981

PRC Modernization Act

RA 8534

Interior Design law

RA 8495

Philippine Mechanical Engineering Law

RA 8293

Intellectual Property Code of the Philippines

RA 9283

Copyright Law

RA 7279

Urban Development Housing Act of 1992

RA 7277

Magna Carta of Disabled Persons

RA 7160

Local Government Code of 1991

RA 6541

Predecessor of PD 1096 (National Building code of the Philippines

RA 4726

Condominium Act

RA 4566

Contractor’s License Law

RA 1582

Amended Civil Engineering Law

RA 1378

Revised Plumbing Law

RA 1364

Sanitary Engineering Law

RA 545

Act to Regulate the Practice of Architecture

RA 544

Act to Regulate the Practice of Civil Engineering

RA 386

Act to Ordain and Institute the Civil Code of the Philippines

RA 9161

Rental Reform Act of 2002

RA 8763

Creating the Home Guarantee Corporation (renaming the HIGC)

Request
for
drawings
(claim for
delay
only after
2 weeks)

RA 8368

Act Decriminalizing squatting

RA 496

Land Registration Act (amended by RA 440)
PRESIDENTIAL DECREES

PD 49

Intellectual Property Law

PD 223

Professional Regulation Commission (June 1973)

PD 233

Philippine Regulatory Commission

PD 757

Act creating the National Housing Authority

PD 856

The Code of Sanitation

PD 933

Act creating the Human Settlement Commission

PD 957

Regulation of Sale of Subdivisions and Condominiums

PD 1067

Water Code

PD 1096

The National Building Code

PD 1151

Philippine Environmental Policy

PD 1185

Fire Code of the Philippines

PD 1216

Defining Open Spaces in Residential Subdivisions

PD 1267

Creating NHMFC

PD 1308

Regulation of Practice of Environmental Planning

PD 1530

Amended by PD 1752 (PAG-ibig)

PD 1594

Government Infrastructure Contracts

PD 1616

Architecture Guidelines for Intramuros

PD 1752

Act creating the Home Development Mutual Fund

BATAS PAMBANSA
BP 220

Economic and Socialized Housing

BP 344

Accessibility Law
Batas Pambansa 220 and PD 957

10 Meters

Major Road serving Interconnecting Road

3 meters

Subdivision Project abutting main public road

2 meters

Alley / to be provided on block length more than 250

3 meters – 60 meters
max length

Path walk

6.5 meters

RROW of Minor Road

400M

Maximum block length

20 units / 100M length Maximum for row house
600mm

Bathroom door / interior stair width

250mm x 250mm

Stair rise and run including nosing

300mm

Firewall extension

6M

Minimum didtance of 3-4 storey building

2M

Minimum roof eave clearance

560mm

Least window dimension
Minimum Lot Area

TYPE OF HOUSING

ECONOMIC
(sq.m)

SOCIALIZED
(sq.m)

PD 957 open
market (sq.m)

PD 957 medium
cost (sq.m)

Single Detached

72

64

120

100

Duplex/Single
Attached

54

48

96

80

Row House

36

28

60

50

Minimum Floor Area
TYPE OF HOUSING
Single Detached

ECONOMIC
(sq.m)

SOCIALIZED
(sq.m)

PD 957 open
market (sq.m)

PD 957 medium
cost (sq.m)

22

18

42

30

RA 9514
Abatement

Act to remove or Neutralize Fire Harzard

Blasting Agent

Material consisting fuel and oxider used to set off explosives

Cellulose Nitrate

Highly combustible material produced by nitric acid with cellulose material

Cellulose Nitrate
Plastic (Pyroxylin)

Any plastic with cellulose nitrate as base

Curtain Board

Vertical panel of non-combustible or fire resistive materials attached to and
extending below the bottom chord of the roof trusses, to divide the underside of
the roof into separate compartments so that heat and smoke will be directed
upwards to a roof vent

Cryogenic

Descriptive of any material which by its nature or as a result of its reaction with
other elements produces a rapid drop in temperature of the immediate
surroundings

Damper

Normally open device installed inside an air duct system which automatically
closes to restrict the passage of smoke or fire

Distillation

The process of first raising the temperature in separate the more volatile from the
less volatile parts and then cooling and condensing the resulting vapor so as to
produce a nearly purified substance

Duct System

Continuous passageway for the transmission of air

Dust

Finely powdered substance which, when mixed with air in the proper proportion
and ignited will cause an explosion

Electrical Arc

Extremely hot luminous bridge formed by passage of anelectric current across a
space between two conductors orterminals due to the incandescence of the
conducting vapor

Ember

A hot piece or lump that remains after a material has partially burned, and is still
oxidizing without the manifestation of flames

Finishes

Materials used as final coating of a surface for ornamental or protective purposes

Fire

The active principle of burning, characterized by the heat and light of combustion

Fire Trap

A building unsafe in case of fire because it will burn easily or because it lacks
adequate exits or fire escapes

Fire Alarm

Any visual or audible signal produced by a device or system towarm the
occupants of the building or fire fighting elements of thepresence or danger of fire
to enable them to undertake immediateaction to save life and property and to
suppress the fire

Fire Door

A fire resistive door prescribed for openings in fire separation walls or partitions

Fire Hazard

Any condition or act which increases or may cause an increase inthe probability of
the occurrence of fire, or which may obstruct, delay, hinder or interfere with fire
fighting operations and thesafeguarding of life and property

Fire Lane

The portion of a roadway or public way that should be kept opened and
unobstructed at all times for the expedient operation of firefighting units

Fire Protective and
Fire safety Device

device intended for the protection of buildings or persons to include but not limited
to built-in protection system such as sprinklers and other automatic extinguishing
system

Flash Point

The minimum temperature at which any material gives off vapor in sufficient
concentration to form an ignitable mixture with air

Forcing

A process where a piece of metal is heated prior to changing its shape or
dimensions

Fulminate

A kind of stable explosive compound which explodes by percussion

Horizontal Exit

Passageway from one building to another or through or around a wall in
approximately the same floor level

Hose Box

A box or cabinet where fire hoses, valves and other equipment are stored and
arranged for fire fighting

Hose Reel

A cylindrical device turning on an axis around which a fire hose is wound and
connected

Hypergolic Fuel

A rocket or liquid propellant, which consist of combinations of fuels and oxidizers
which ignite spontaneously on contact with each other

Jumper

A piece of metal or an electrical conductor used to bypass a safety device in an
electrical system

Overloading

The use of one or more electrical appliances or devices which draw or consume
electrical current beyond the designed capacity of the existing electrical system

Public Assembly
Building

Any building or structure where fifty (50) or more people congregate, gather, or
assemble for any purpose

Self-closing Door

Automatic closing doors that are designed to confine smoke and heat and delay
the spread of fire

Smelting

Melting or fusing of metallic ores or compounds so as to separate impurities from
pure metals

Sprinkler System

An integrated network of hydraulically designed piping installed in a building,
structure or area with outlets arranged in a systematic pattern which automatically
discharges water when activated by heat or combustion products from a fire

Standpipe System

A system of vertical pipes in a building to which fire hoses can be attached on
each floor, including a system by which water is made available to the outlets as
needed

Dry Standpipe

Standpipes are not filled with water; 102mm – equipped with four way
connection

Wet Standpipe

Standpipes with constant water supply; 38mm

Vestibule

A passage hall or antechamber between the outer doors and the interior parts of a
house or building

Vertical Shaft

An enclosed vertical space of passage that extends from floor to floor, as well as
from the base to the top of the building

Class A

Ordinary combustible materials (wood, cloth, paper, rubber & plastic

Class B

Flammable liquids and gasses

Class C

Energized electrical equipments

Class D

Combustible metals (magnesium, sodium and potassium)

Class K

Fires in cooking appliances that involve combustible cooking media

MEANS of EGRESS

Continuous and unobstructed route of exit from any point in a building

Panic Hardware

Mechanical device with linkages and horizontal bar across a door

0.71M

Minimum door width

8 -10%

Class A Ramp

10 -17%

Class B Ramp

46M

Travel distance with no sprinkler

61M

Travel Distance with sprinkler

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