Pilgrim Membership

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Pilgrims Society
Incomplete membership list

Only names that have specifically been named as members of the Pilgrims Society have been added to the list, although all of the persons who occupied the following positions should have been made members:   President of the US   UK ambassador to the US UK secretary of state Permanent representative of the UK to the UN US ambassador to the UK US secretary of state UK consul general at NY Royal family members Pilgrim function Life Biography Windsor, Queen Elizabeth Mary II patron 1926-alive Queen of England since 1953, married to Prince Philip Mountbatten. The Queen has been, and might still be, a major stockholder in the mining company Rio Tinto Zinc. It is likely she is a stockholder in many large companies, although these details are never released. [queen] ”Nobody, Paul has been as close to a member of my family as you have. There are powers at work in this country about which we have no knowledge.” [Paul] “She wanted me to make sure my wife Maria and children remained safe. It was not a threat, it was sound advice. She had my interests at heart…No-one had never warned me like that. It made me suddenly realise the magnitude of the situation. It was obviously much, much bigger than I had ever thought.” - The Queen and Paul Burrell in a 3-hour talk in November of 1997 at Buckinham Palace. Paul was the butler of Diana right up until her death on August 31, 1997. In January of 2001, Paul was accused of stealing some items from the Diana after her death. On November 1, 2001, the trial collapsed when the Queen herself stated that Paul had

informed her of taking these items with him. (The Mirror in an interview with Paul Burrell - June 11, 2002) Mountbatten, Prince Philip   1921-alive Parents were evacuated from Greece after a revolution and both became depressed (father) and mentally instable (mother), studied in Germany under Kurt Hahn and both came to Scotland in 1933, Philip is the Duke of Edinburgh, a Knight of the Order of the Garter, a Knight of the Order of the Thistle, Grand Master and First or Principal Knight of the Order of the British Empire and was a prince of Greece and Denmark until he married. Patron or President of 814 organisations, long career in the navy from the start of WWII as a midshipsman to commanding his own frigate, the HMS Magpie. He and his wife set off for a tour of the Commonwealth, with visits to Africa, Australia and New Zealand 1952, went on to visite the remote parts of the Commonwealth in 1956, president of the World Wide Fund for Nature, founder 1001 Club in 1971, instituted the first Inter-Faith consultations together with Crown Prince Hassan of Jordan and Sir Evelyn de Rothschild at the Windsor castle in 1984 (Brings Muslims, Jews and Christians together under the United Nations), supposedly he was hostile to Diana after she divorced Charles, Mohamed Al-Fayed claimed Prince Philip had ordered Diana’s death. Laurence, Princess Anne   1950-alive HRH The Princess Royal, daughter of Prince Philip and Queen Elizabeth II, younger sister of Prince Charles. Attended a dinner of the Pilgrim Society, 4 February 2004 at 3:45 PM, Four Seasons Hotel, Hamilton Place, London. She is a member of the Order of the Garter. Windsor, Prince Charles Philip Arthur George   1948-alive Became Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron Renfrew, Lord of the Isles and Great Steward of Scotland and Knight of the Garter when Elizabeth II ascended to the throne. Studied in part under Kurt Hahn, invested as Prince of Wales in 1969, assumed a seat in the House of Lords in 1970, married Lady Diana Frances Spencer in 1981, divorced in 1996 and Diana died in a car crash in 1997, married Camilla Parker Bowles in 2005, heir to the British Throne. Windsor, Andrew Edward   1960-alive Third child and second son of Queen Elizabeth II and The Duke of Edinburgh. When he married he was created The Duke of York, Earl of Inverness and Baron Killyleagh. He currently serves as United Kingdom’s Special Representative for International Trade and Investment. Windsor, Arthur William Patrick Albert,

president 1850–1942 English prince, son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, brother of Edward VII. Trained for a military career, he served in Egypt (1882) and India (1886–1890) and as commander in chief in the Mediterranean 1907-1909. He was governor-general of Canada 1911-1916. His son, Prince Arthur of Connaught 1883-1938, was governor-general of South Africa 1920-1923. Other members Pilgrim function Life Biography Adams, Charles Francis   1910-1999 Direct descendant of President John Adams and John Quincy Adams, Harvard College, partner of Paine, Webber, Jackson and Curtis banking firm 1937-1947, director of Raytheon 1938-1942, U.S. Naval Reserve with active duty, commanding destroyer escorts in the Atlantic & Pacific theaters 1942-1945, commander in chief of the Atlantic Fleet 1945-1947, president of Raytheon (sales grew fortyfold in his almost 40 years with the company) 1948-1974, director of the First National Bank of Boston, the Gillette Company, Liberty Mutual Insurance Company, Sheraton Corporation, Bath Iron Works, Associated Industries of Massachusetts, the Boston Chamber of Commerce, Pan American World Airways and the Massachusetts Higher Education Assistance Corporation.Chairman of the Board of Visitors of Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University. Trustee of the Children’s Hospital, the Industrial School for Crippled Children, the Massachusetts Humane Society, the Naval War College Foundation and more. A fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and Vice President of the Massachusetts Historical Society. Acheson, Dean Gooderham   1893-1973 Yale Scroll & Key 1915, Harvard 1915-1918, private secretary to the Supreme Court Justice 1919-1921, became Under Secretary of the Treasury in 1933, U.S. Secretary of State under Harry S. Truman 1949-1953, accused of being soft on Communism and had a dispute with General Douglas MacArthur, Mccarthy saw him as one the most dangerous Communists and believed that the “Acheson group had almost hypnotic powers over Truman”, member Council on Foreign Relations, his son, David C. Acheson ended up in the 1943 Skull & Bones class. Adler, Julius Ochs   1892-1955 His family started the New York Times, received the Distinguished Service Cross, the

Purple Heart, the Silver Star, Star with Oak Leaf Clusters, the French Legion of Honor and the French Croix de Guerre for his achievements as commander of a battalion of infantry on the Western Front in France in WWI, as a General he commanded the 77th Infantry Division, responsible for the defense of Hawaii from 1941 to 1944. After World War II, joined The New York Times as vice-president, later to become general manager, publisher of the Chattanooga Times, invited by General Eisenhower to visit the liberated concentration camps in 1945, which inspired him to write a bunch of articles on his experiences, appointed as major general in the Army Reserve in 1948. Aiken, Alfred Lawrence exec. committee 1870-1946 Graduated from Yale in 1891, president Federal Reserve Bank of Boston 1914-1917, president and chairman National Shawmut Bank of Boston 1918-1924, director New York Life Insurance Co 1924-1936, president of New York Life Insurance & Co. in 1936, trustee of Clark University and Wellesley College, member Council on Foreign Relations. Aldrich, Herbert I.   unknown This name was mentioned by J. Thorkelson, U.S. Congressman from Montana, in a speech to the U.S. House of Representatives on August 20, 1940. Aldrich, Nelson Wilmarth   1841-1915 Private in the Rhode Island National Guard during the American Civil War, elected to Rhodes Island city council 1869, Rhodes Island city council president 1872-1873, Republican Congressman 1879-1881, senator 1881-1911, His daughter marries John Davison Rockefeller, Jr. in 1901, in 1906 Aldrich is accused of taking huge bribes from corporations in an article of Cosmopolitan, attends the Jekyll Island meeting on November 22, 1910, chairman Committee on Transportation Routes to the Seaboard, Committee on Rules, Select Committee on Corporations Organized in the District of Columbia, Committee on Finance, National Monetary Commission. - Aldrich worked together with co-Pilgrim and congressman/banker Edward Butterfield Vreeland to establish the Federal Reserve. Aldrich, Winthrop Williams   1885-1974 Uncle of Nelson Aldrich Rockefeller, the major stockholder in Equitable Trust Company (merged with Chase National Bank in 1930), president of Chase National Bank and later chairman of the board from 1930 to 1953 (Chase National Bank eventually became J.P. Morgan Chase), became ambassador to England and gave a speech to the English Pilgrims on March 19, 1953, director of Westinghouse Electric, American Telephone & Telegraph, International Paper, Discount Corporation of New York, Metropolitan Life Insurance and

American Society for the Control of Cancer. Aldrich, Malcolm Pratt   born 1900 Yale Skull & Bones 1922, Cousin of Winthrop Aldrich, head of the Commonwealth Fund. Aldrich, Hulbert Stratton   born 1907 Cousin of Winthrop Aldrich, president of Greer School with mrs. David Rockefeller (1942/1947), vice chairman of Chemical Bank 1959-1972, director of Ametek Incorporated, IBM World Trade Corporation, Empire Savings Bank, George W. Rogers Construction Corporation, Peter Paul Incorporated, president of Commonwealth Fund (succeeded Pilgrim Edward S. Harkness), Royal Globe Insurance Group and Hill Samuel Group Limited, London. Alexander, Charles Beatty   1849-1927 Grandson of a co-founder of Princeton Theological Seminary, trustee of Princeton University, married into the Crocker fortune of 40 million (1888) dollars, director of the International Banking Corporation, Mercantile Trust Company; Equitable Trust Company, Equitable Life Assurance, Society of the U.S., Tri-State Land Company, Windsor Trust, member of the Society of the Cincinnati. Alexander, Henry Clay   unknown Studied at Vanderbilt University and Yale where he graduated in 1923 and 1925, Trustee of Vanderbilt University, president J.P. Morgan & Company, chairman Morgan Guaranty Trust Company of New York in 1960, director General Motors & Johns-Manville Corporation Anderson, Arthur Marvin   died 1966 Director of Northern Pacific Ry, director U.S. Steel Corporation, vice-chairman J.P. Morgan & Company, has a ship named after him. Angell, Ernest   unknown Lived from about 1890 to the 1970s, attended Harvard in 1907, New York lawyer, married Elizabeth Chapin of the American Motors fortune, national chairman of the A.C.L.U., member of the International Commission of Jurists meetings in Athens and New Delhi. Annenberg, Walter H.  

1908-2002 Editor, publisher, broadcaster, diplomat and philanthropist. In the 1940s he established Triangle Broadcasting, which finally controlled 6 AM, 6 FM radio stations, and 6 TV stations, also the founder and owner of Triangle Publications, which owned the Philadelphia Inquirer, the Daily News, TV Guide and Seventeen Magazine. Received the Alfred I. DuPont Award (Pilgrim) in 1951, received the Marshall Field Award (Pilgrim) in 1958, founded The Annenberg School for Communication at The University of Pennsylvania in 1958, Ambassador to England 1969-1974, founded The Annenberg School for Communication at the University of Southern California in 1971, foundertrustee and Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Eisenhower Medical Center in Rancho Mirage, California. Annenberg also served as Trustee of the Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships and the Winston Churchill Traveling Fellowships. He was Emeritus Trustee of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, The University of Pennsylvania and The Peddie School. Annenberg received honorary degrees from many international universities. Annenberg was named Honorary Knight Commander, Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II. He was also named Officer of the French Legion of Honor, and presented with the Order of Merit of the Republic of Italy. (reveived dozens of other awards and honors) He was a member of the Associated Press, the American Society of Newspaper Editors, International Press Institute, National Press Club, Overseas Press Club, American Newspaper Publishers Association, Sigma Delta Chi, the International Arts-Medicine Association, and the Inter-American Press Association. A former Commander of the United States Naval Reserve, Annenberg also was a member of the Navy League of the U.S. He also has his own foundation, the Annenberg Foundation. Armour, Norman   1887-1982 Embassy secretary at Petrograd (then the capital of Russia) 1916-1918, ambassador to Haiti 1932-1935, Canada 1935-1938, Chile 1938-1939, Argentina 1939-1944, Spain 1945, Venezuela 1950-1951 and Guatemala 1954-1955. Married European nobility in the form of Princess Myra Kondacheff, member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Astor, William Waldorf   1848-1919 Educated in Germany and in Italy and at the Columbia law school, member of the NY state assembly 1878-1879, senator 1880-1881, minister to Italy 1881–1885, heir to about 100 million dollars, reversed the family immigration by returning to England in 1890 and bought some large real estate, purchased the Pall Mall Gazette 1893, purchased the London Sunday Observer 1911, was made a baron in 1916 and a viscount (of Hever) in 1917, his elder son became leader of Tory democracy, his younger son bought a large share in The Times of London. Astor, William Vincent

  1891-1959 Heir of the John Jacob Astor fortune, Franklin D. Roosevelt supporter in 1932, New Deal supporter after WWII, director of Chase National Bank, Western Union Telegraph Company, Great Northern Railway Company, the United States Lines, New York PostGraduate Medical School and Hospital and other institutions and corporations, trustee of the New York Public Library and the New York Zoological Society, governor of New York Hospital, staff officer in the Navy during both World Wars, seemed to have a bit of competition from the English branch of the family. (He and his former wives had themselves or married to Huntingtons and Whitneys) Astor, (Roberta) Brooke Russell   1902-alive Daughter of USMC General John Henry Russell, wife of Vincent Astor, president Vincent Astor Foundation from 1959 and on, which gave away about 195 million in all, author of 2 fiction books. Astor, Francis David Langhorne   1912-2001 Educated at Eton College he went on to Oxford University where he suffered a nervous breakdown and left university in 1933 without obtaining a degree, psycho-analyzed by Anna Freud, at Oxford in 1931 he met Adam von Trott zu Solz, later executed for the role he played in a failed assassination of Hitler, who had a lot of influence on him, during World War II David Astor was wounded in France, In 1936, he joined the Yorkshire Post newspaper where he worked for a year then joined his father’s newspaper, The Observer where he would serve as editor for 27 years, He warned of the dangers of big government and of big business, influenced by his friend and employee of The Observer, George Orwell, he supposedly was anti-big government, very critical of corrupt politicians, problacks, pro-life, etc, in 1977 The Observer was sold to Robert O. Anderson, the American owner of the Atlantic Richfield oil company. (had lots of agressive competition) Astor, Gavin   1918-1984 2nd Baron Astor of Hever, controlling shareholder Times Publishing Co. Ltd. This company controlled the The Times Book Co. Ltd., Issuing House Year Book Ltd., St. Paul’s Engineering Ltd., The Review (Insurance) Ltd., The Times Pension Trusts Ltd., The Times London Incorporated. and The Gardeners’ Chronicle Ltd. Director Times Publishing Co. Ltd. 1952-1959, chairman Times Publishing Co. Ltd. 1959-1966. Astor, John Jacob, 8th   1946-alive Better known under 3rd Baron Astor of Hever, educated at Eton College, Birkshire

(England), Lieutenant in 1966 in the service of the The Life Guards, managing director of Honon et Cie in 1982, managing director of Astor France in 1989, Deputy Lieutenant of Kent in 1996, Chief Whip of the House of Lords 1998. Attlee, Clement Richard   1883-1967 Educated at Oxford, he was called to the bar in 1905. His early experience as a social worker in London’s East End led to his decision to give up law and devote his life to social improvement through politics. In 1907 he joined the Fabian Society and soon afterward the Labour party. He was a lecturer in social science at the London School of Economics, and, after service in World War I, he became (1919) the first Labour mayor of Stepney. Attlee entered Parliament in 1922. In 1927 he visited India as a member of the Simon commission and was converted to views that strongly favored Indian self-government. He joined the Labour government in 1930 but resigned in 1931 when Ramsay MacDonald formed the National government. As leader of the Labour party from 1935, Attlee was an outspoken critic of Conservative foreign policy, objecting particularly to the government’s failure to intervene in the Spanish civil war. During World War II he served (1940–45) in Winston Churchill’s coalition cabinet, and on Labour’s electoral victory in 1945 he became prime minister. Under Attlee’s leadership, the Bank of England, the gas, electricity, coal, and iron and steel industries, and the railways were nationalized. His government also enacted considerable social reforms, including the National Health Service. Independence was granted to Burma (Myanmar), India, Pakistan, Ceylon (Sri Lanka), and Palestine, and Britain allied itself closely with the United States in the cold war confrontation with the Soviet Union. The postwar economic crisis required stringent economic and financial controls, which reduced support for the government. Labour won the 1950 general election by a narrow margin, but in 1951, Attlee decided to go to the country again and was defeated. He was leader of the opposition until his retirement in 1955, when he received the title of Earl Attlee. Bache, Jules Semon   1861-1944 American banker and art collector who made an enormous fortune on Wallstreet, organized the banking firm of J. S. Bache and Company, president and treasurer of Dome Mines Limited, director of Chrysler, Lake Superior Railroad, Louisiana Oil Refining, Tennessee Copper & Chemical, Southern Agricultural Company, U.S. Industrial Alcohol Company, New River Collieries, Cuba Distilling, American Indemnity, Anniston City Land, New Amsterdam Casualty, Ann Arbor Railroad, Empire Trust Company and others, member Council on Foreign Relations. Bail, Ancell H.   unknown This name was mentioned by J. Thorkelson, U.S. Congressman from Montana, in a speech

to the U.S. House of Representatives on August 20, 1940. More info is not available. Baker, George Fisher   1840-1931 Harvard, fortune of the Baker family estimated at 500 million in 1924 and grew to about a billion dollars, chairman of Manhattan’s First National Bank, First Security Co. and had directorships in at least 50 other companies, close associate of J.P. Morgan who wanted him on every board of companies he financed, trustee of the Frick Collection (Frick was an associate of Andrew Mellon and was waging a war on his slave-workers), philanthropist, donated $2,000,000 to Henry Pomeroy Davison (Pilgrim) when he needed money for Red Cross work during the War, one of the largest philanthropist ever and never appeared in public. Baker, George Fisher III   alive Great-grandson of the wealthy banker George Fisher Baker, Harvard, general partner of Baker, Nye Investments L.P. in New York City, member Woods Hole Oceanographic, member, director of The American Institute for Cognitive Therapy, director QuebecLabrador Foundation/Atlantic Center for the Environment (QLF), philanthropist. Baker, James Addison III   1930-alive Houston lawyer, friend of the Bushes, undersecretary of commerce 1975–1976, deputy manager of the 1976 and 1980 Ford and Bush presidential campaigns, joined the Reagan administration in 1981, White House chief of staff 1981–1985, treasury secretary 1985–1988, masterminded the 1988 campaign that won George H.W. Bush the presidency, Secretary of State 1989–1992, played a prominent role in the Gulf crisis and the subsequent search for a Middle East peace settlement, United Nations special envoy to try and broker a peace settlement for the disputed territory of Western Sahara 1997, as an adviser to George W. Bush in the November 2000 presidential elections, he was influential in helping Bush secure the presidency by manoeuvring the disputed vote count in Florida to the Republican-leaning Supreme Court. Baker was the manager of the foreign debts of occupied Iraq since 2003, a senior counselor for the Carlyle Group and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Also a member of the Atlantic Council of the United States and the Bohemian Grove. Ball, George Wildman   1909-1994 General Counsel’s Office of the U.S. Department of Treasury 1933-1935, Foreign Economic Administration 1942-1944, Director of the U.S. Strategic Bombing Survey in London 1944-1945, General Counsel for the French Supply Council in Washington 1945 -1946, Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs under JFK and LBJ 1961-1966

(opponent of the Vietnam War), went to Cleary, Gottlieb to resume practicing law, investment firm of Lehman Brothers 1969-1982, unofficial advisor to Jimmy Carter, permanent U.S. representative to the United Nations, member of the Council on Foreign Relations, member of the Trilateral Commission and sat on the Bilderberg Steering Committee. Wrote a couple of books and articles on foreign affairs. Barber, Charles Finch   unknown CEO of American Smelting & refining, director Americas Society, member Council on Foreign Relations. Barco, James William   born 1916 American ambassador to the United Nations 1960-1961, vice-chairman Atlantic Council of the United States, trustee American University in Cairo, member Council on Foreign Relations. Barlow, Sir Clement Anderson Montague   1868-1951 Parliamentary Secretary of Labor. Involved with British empire building. Barratt, J. Arthur   unknown Organized the St. Louis World Fair and became Director General of the Pan American Union in Washington, the building for which was provided by Pilgrim Society member Andrew Carnegie. Bartlett, Edmund   unknown Chairman Schroder’s Limited NY. Bayne, Stephen F., Jr   unknown Married Lucie Culver Gould in 1934, appeared on 1969 Pilgrims list. Possibly a bishop. Beck, James M.   1861-1936 Graduated Moravian College in Bethlehem. After an apprenticeship in law he was admitted to the bar in 1884 and entered the law office of William F. Harrity, with whom he formed a law partnership in 1891. Admitted to the bar of New York City in 1903, and in 1922 to the bar of England, he rose to be one of America’s leading corporate lawyers. Assistant United States Attorney for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania 1888-1892,

United States Attorney 1896-1900, joined the New York law firm of Shearman and Sterling, continued his law practices in New York, Philadelphia and Washington until 1921, appointed Solicitor General of the U.S. 1921-1925. As a Congressman he was the leading spokesman in the campaign against Prohibition and he tried to fight the principles and legislation of the New Deal. Reelected three consecutive times, he resigned in 1934. Beck was one of the first Americans to make a case for the Entente, the alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia prior to World War I. His most famous book, “The Constitution of the United States” (1924), sold over fifty thousand copies. Bell, Elliott V.   unknown Reporter for The New York Times when the great depression hit in 1929, trustee Brookings Institution, director of Chase Manhattan Bank, treasurer Council on Foreign Relations 1952-1964, director Council on Foreign Relations 1953-1966, vice president and trustee John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation 1965-1972, chairman McGrawHill Publishing Company, editor and publisher Business Week. Bennet, Courtenay Walter   unknown British Consul at New York in 1908. Benton, William   1900-1973 Graduated from Yale University in 1921, part-time vice president of the University of Chicago 1937-1945, chairman Encyclopedia Britannica 1943-1973, assistant Secretary of State 1945-1947 (active in organizing the United Nations), Democrat senator 1949-1953, United States ambassador to (United Nations) UNESCO in Paris 1963-1968, trustee of University of Chicago, trustee of several schools and colleges. Beresford, Charles William de la Poer co-founder 1846-1919 Baron, became a Navy commander in 1875, sat in Parliament as a Conservative 1875 -1880, bombarded Alexandria, Egypt in 1882, aide-de-camp to the Prince of Wales, later Edward VII, from 1875 until 1876, accompanying him on a visit to India, became a close personal friend of King Edward VII, again in Parliament 1885-1888 and resigned under protest, authored “The Break-up of China” (1899), his brother was Military Attaché at the British Embassy in Saint Petersburg, Russia, 1898-1903. In 1897 Beresford was promoted to rear-admiral and again entered Parliament, this time representing York. He retained this seat until 1900, although he spent much of his time in China representing the Associated Chambers of Commerce, and from 1900 onwards was second in command of the Mediterranean fleet. He returned to Parliament in 1902, this time for Woolwich, but resigned in 1906 when he was promoted to admiral and appointed chief of the Channel

Fleet. He was in command of the Mediterranean Fleet from 1905 until 1907. Bernstein, Leonard   1918-1990 A well-known musical conductor, spoke these words about the 1963 Kennedy assasination on November 24, 1980, as written down by the Associated Press: “We don’t dare confront the implications. I think we’re all agreed there was a conspiracy and we don’t want to know. It involves such a powerful high force in what we call the high places, if we do know, everything might fall apart.” Biddle, David H.   unknown unknown Biddle, Francis Beverly   1886-1968 Secretary to Associate Justice O. W. Holmes 1912, became a successful corporation lawyer, chairman National Labor Relations Board 1934-1935, director Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia 1938-1939, appellate judge National Labor Relations Board 1939 -1940, Attorney General of U.S. 1941-1945, U.S. judge for the trial of war criminals at Nuremberg 1945-1946. Biddle, Anthony J. Drexel, Jr.   1897-1961 Attended the Saint Paul’s School in New Hampshire and later Temple University, rose in rank from private to captain during WWI, Minister to Norway 1934-1937, Ambassador to Poland in 1937, deputy ambassador to France after the Germans started invading Poland, US Ambassador to Belgium, Czechoslovakia, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Greece, Luxembourg, and Yugoslavia, who were in exile in London (considered to be one of the most important jobs during WWII) 1941-1944, resumed active duty in the Army as a Lt. Colonel, rising to the rank of Brigadier General in 1951. During those years he worked closely with General Eisenhower as deputy chief of SHAEF and as a representative to EUCOM and SHAPE. The 1950s found Biddle serving as Adjutant General of the State of Pennsylvania, on numerous Pennsylvania state boards and commissions, and as a trustee at Temple University. In 1961 President John F. Kennedy chose Biddle for his last diplomatic position, that of Ambassador to Spain, where he served until his death. Bigelow, Robert W.   unknown unknown Bingham, Lord (of Cornhill)  

1934-alive After the 1992 collapse of the Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI), Lord Bingham was appointed to head an official inquiry into why the Bank of England failed to find out about the massive drug laundering going on at this bank. Bingham and a U.S. Senate inquiry castigated the Bank of England for its failures of supervision, but didn’t conclude anything was done on purpose. Bingham was a member of the Privy Council since 1986, chairman Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts since 1994, trustee Pilgrim Trust (founded by Pilgrim Edward S. Harkness in 1930), president Seckford Foundation, member Advisory Council on Public Records, the Magna Carta Trust and the British Records Association, Lord Chief Justice of Great Britain 1996-2000. In 2002 wanted to legalize Cannabis. Bissell, Pelham Saint George   1887-1943 President of the Sons of the Revolution, council of the Society of Colonial Wars, past commander, American Legion, Judge Advocate, Veterans of Foreign Wars and member of the League of Nations, served on the legislative committee of the Citizens’ Union, vicechairman of the Mayor’s Fraternal Committee in 1922, president Justice of the New York Municipal Court 1934-1943. Black, Eugene Robert   1898-1991 Yale Phi Beta Kappa, officer in the U.S. Navy in the Atlantic during WWI, vice-president Chase National Bank, president Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta 1928-1934, chairman Federal Reserve System 1933-1934, president World Bank 1949-1962, member Council on Foreign Relations, visitor of Bilderberg, trustee Ford Foundation in 1967, chairman Brookings Institution 1962-1968. Bobst, Elmer   1885-1978 Multimillionaire, chairman Warner-Lambert (pharmaceutical) Company, friend of Nixon and a Knight of Malta. In the seventies, Pope John Paul II Center for Prayer and Study for Peace was located on his estate. Directors of this center were Kurt Waldheim (Secretary General of the United Nations, ex-nazi war criminal, friend of Arnold Schwarzenegger), Cyrus Vance (Secretary of State, Pilgrim) and J. Peter Grace (Pilgrim, head of the Knights of Malta in the United States). (The info on the center has been Milton William Cooper’s research) Boron, Robert Lew   unknown unknown Bryce, Viscount James

president 1838-1922 In 1886 he was made under secretary for foreign affairs; in 1892 he joined the cabinet as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster; in 1894 he was President of the Board of Trade, and acted as chairman of the royal commission on secondary education; and in Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman’s cabinet in 1905 he was made chief secretary for Ireland; but in February 1907 he was appointed British ambassador at Washington, D.C. (until 1913) and took leave of party politics, his last political act being a speech outlining what was then the government scheme for university reform in Dublin, a scheme which was promptly discarded by his successor Augustine Birrell. Wrote a few books including “The American Commonwealth” (1888). In 1897, after a visit to South Africa, he published a volume of Impressions of that country, which had considerable weight in Liberal circles when the Boer War was being discussed. Meanwhile his academic honours from home and foreign universities multiplied, and he became a fellow of the Royal Society in 1894. In earlier life he was a notable mountain-climber, ascending Mount Ararat in 1876, and publishing a volume on Transcaucasia and Ararat in 1877; in 1899-1901 he was president of the Alpine Club. He was ennobled in 1914, becoming 1st Viscount Bryce. Following the outbreak of the First World War, Lord Bryce was appointed by Herbert Asquith to report on alleged German atrocities in Belgium. The report was published in 1915, and was damning of German behaviour; Lord Bryce’s reputation in America was important in influencing American opinion toward Germany before their entry into the war. Bryce was acquainted with the Vanderbilts, and had detailed documents about the 1915 Armenian extermination by the Turks. (Some have argued in the past century that these local tension were exploited by Grand Orient Masons, as to give the French Rothschilds unhampered access to the Baku oil fields.) Bristol, Lee Hasting   unknown Clergyman, vice-president (in 1932) and president of Bristol-Myers Inc., president of the Association of National Advertisers. Brittain III, Alfred   unknown Director Bankers Trust Company Director sincee 1966, chairman of the board of Bankers Trust New York Corporation and Bankers Trust Company 1975-1987, member of the Audit, Compensation and Corporate Employee Investment Committees, trustee of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, member Council on Foreign Relations. Brittain, Sir Harry chairman 1873-1974 Educated at Repton and Worcester College, Oxford, where he obtained at BA and an MA in law. He was called to the Bar in 1897 but only practiced for a week before retiring from

law in favour of business and journalism. He worked on the staff of both the Standard and the Evening Standard, was secretary to Sir C Arthur Pearson, owner of the Evening Standard, and also worked with him in the formation of the Tariff Reform League and the creation of the tariff community. Became Director of numerous daily and weekly newspapers and other business concerns, president of the British International Association of Journalists 1920-1922, patron of the Society of Women Writers and Journalists from 1925, and was the originator and organiser of the first Imperial Press Conference, 1932. He was always keen to build links with America. During World War One, when he was the British representative on the American Citizens Emergency Committee, 1914, serving on special mission throughout the USA, 1915, on the staff of General Lloyd as captain of the London Volunteer Regiment, 1916, as Director of Intelligence National Service Department, and as the founder and chairman of the American officers club in London, 1917-1919. After the war he was the originator and honourary life member of the Association of American Correspondents in London, 1919 and the president of the AngloAmerican delegation to Holland for the celebration of the Pilgrim Fathers tercentenary, 1920. He was a member of the Anglo-American Brains Trust, 1942-1944 and was awarded the Silver Medal of Merit and Diploma by the Poor Richard Club of Philadelphia for his lifelong services to Anglo-American fellowship and understanding in 1958. Sir Harry Brittain was also a Conservative MP for Acton 1918-1929. As an MP he was a members of the executive of the Empire Parliamentary Association, 1919-1929 and a member of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association, from 1929. He was also committed to the protection of British birds, and steered the Brittain Act for the protection of British birds through Parliament in 1925. Amongst his other honours, he was created KBE for public services in 1918, and CMG in 1924. He was a founder of the Commonwealth Press Union, organized the first Imperial Press Conferences, a Knight of the British Empire, and had a journalistic scholarship named after him in 1960. Brown, Franklin Q. exec. committee unknown Listed in Who’s Who as a mystery individual listing no date or place of birth, no marriage, and no educational background. Involved with Redmond & Corporation, director of American Beet Sugar Company, American Light & Traction Company, S.A.L. Railway Company, J.G. White Engineering Corporation, Lima Locomotive Works, M. & Salt Lake Railroad, Cuba Grapefruit Company, Central Westchester & Fairfield Realty Company, Excess Insurance Company, and Insurance Securities Company, National Surety Company, president of Dobbs Ferry Bank, president of Independent Chemical Company, United States Railroad Administration. Bruce, David Kirpatrick Este   1898-1977 Anglican/Episcopalian, American Red Cross Chief Representative in Great Britain 1940, State House of Representatives Maryland 1924-1926, State House of Representatives

Virginia 1939-1942, OSS Agent stationed in London who worked with the Vatican 1941 -1945, U.S. Ambassador France 1949-1952, Germany 1957-59, Great Britain 1961-69 and China 1973-1974, Presidential Medal of Freedom 1976, husband of Paul Mellon’s sister (richest woman in America at the time), their daughter disappeared in 1967. Bruce, James   unknown In law of Paul Mellon and seems to be the brother of David K.E. Bruce, director National Dairy Products Corporation, directorFederal Home Loan Bank of New York. Bullock, Hugh president unknown Son of Calvin Bullock who set up the very powerful Bullock banking trust (unique among large banking houses in that it was a proprietary business), which included the Canadian Investment Fund (one of the most powerful Canadian investment trusts in the thirties. People were joking why king George V hadn’t joined), Nation-Wide Securities, Carriers & General Corp. and Dividend Shares. Calvin Bullock advertisements (father) never carry the firm’s address and Calvin himself was quite reclusive. Calvin also had a lot of personal interest in Napoleon, Lord Nelson and their battles. Burden, William A. Moale vice-president 1906-1984 Vice president of The Pilgrims at least in 1973, great great grandson of Commodore Vanderbilt, interests in National Aviation Corporation, Brown Brothers, Harriman & Company, William A.M. Burden & Company, investments; and was a director of Aerospace Corporation; Allied Chemical Corporation; American Metal Climax (AMAX); Columbia Broadcasting System; Lockheed Aircraft Corporation; Union Oil & Gas Corporation; Cerro de Pasco Corporation (mining interests) and Manufacturers Hanover Trust. Burden was a member of National Aeronautics & Space Council, 1958-1959; Ambassador to Belgium, 1959-1961; member U.S. Citizens Commission for NATO, 1961-1962; trustee Columbia University; Foreign Service Educational Foundation; French Institute in the U.S.; regent, Smithsonian Institution and director of the Council on Foreign Relations 1945-1974. Burden was decorated by Brazil; Germany; Peru; France; Italy and Belgium, in which countries, we may reasonably assume, the Vanderbilts have holdings. Reflecting his partnership with the British Crown in reuniting America and Britain, he was also a director of the Atlantic Council, which goal it seeks! The Vanderbilts intermarried with the Whitneys, partners in Standard Oil with the Rockefellers, and we note as of late 1973 John Hay Whitney was a vice president of The Pilgrims. Virginia Fair, daughter of Senator James Fair of California, a principal beneficiary of the Ophir Silver Mine, part of the Comstock Lode, married into the Vanderbilts. Burger, Warren Earl

  1907-1995 Floor manager at the 1948 and 1952 Republican conventions, U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia in 1955, Supreme Court Chief Justice in 1969, former Chancellor of the Smithsonian Institution’s Board of Regents, More than 800 dignitaties, including President Clinton, Attorney General Janet Reno and 13 sitting and retired Supreme Court justices attended the funeral services at Washington’s National Presbyterian. Burleigh, George W.   unknown Lived from the second half of the 19th century until the first half of the 20th century in the New York area. Burnham, Lord Edward Levy-Lawson   1833-1916 Jewish and a member of the B’naï B’rith. His father acquired the Daily Telegraph and Courier in 1855, a few months after it was founded by Colonel Sleigh. Edward Burnham became the co-editor of the newspaper from 1855 to 1873 and later took the paper itself. The Daily Telegraph is now owned by Conrad Black’s Hollinger Group. Burns, Arthur Frank   1904-1987 Born in Stanislau, Austria, earned all his degrees at Columbia University and did all his teaching there, economic adviser to president Dwight Eisenhower, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford and Jimmy Carter, chairman of the Federal Reserve System 1970-1978, member Council on Foreign Relations. Bush, Irving T.   1869-1948 Started to construct a 200 acre industrial park on the waterfront in Brooklyn in 1900, founder of the Bush Terminal Railroad, president of Bush Terminal Co., attended a 1908 Pilgrim meeting. He ordered the building of the London Bush House in 1919, which became the most expensive building at that time. It was meant to be an Anglo-American trade centre where buyers could purchase goods in one place. It lost it’s original function after a few decades, but still exists today as an office to the BBC World Service. The main entrance is very grand, with two statues and four big columns reaching half the height of the nine-storey building. Inscribed above the doors is the legend “To the friendship of English Speaking Peoples”. Two statues symbolise Great Britain and America, they each hold a flaming torch and a shield which have the British lion and the American eagle on them. In between the statues is an altar embossed with a Celtic cross. Irving T. Bush has no known relation to the Presidential Bushes. Butler, Nicholas Murray

president 1862-1947 Germanistic Society, president, director and honarary president 1906-1940s, president American Scandinavian Society 1908-1911, president American Academy in Rome 1905 -1940s, staff of the Department of Philosophy at Columbia College, president University Settlement Society 1905-1914, president France-America Society 1914-1924, president American Hellenic Society 1917-1940s, president Italy-America Society 1929-1935, honorary president American Society of French Legion of Honor from 1944 on, governor Pan American Trade Committee 1939, vice-president International Benjamin Franklin Society 1939, Nobel Peace Prize 1931, member New Jersey Board of Education from 1887 to 1895, founded and was the 30-year editor of the Educational Review, participated in the formation of the College Entrance Examination Board, president of Columbia University 1901-1945, delegate to the Republican convention 1888-1936, presidential candidate, worked close with Elihu Root (Pilgrim), William H. Taft (Grandson of a Skull & Bones co-founder and Skull & Bones himself. Also a Pilgrim member) and Theodore Roosevelt. Chairman Carnegie Corporation of NY 1937-1945, donated 10 million dollars to persuade Andrew Carnegie to establish the Carnegie Foundation, head of the Endowment’s section on international education and communication, founded the European branch of the Endowment, president of the Parent Endowment from 1925 to 1945, decorated by China, France, Dominican, Republic, Cuba, Germany, Greece, Yugoslavia, Belgium, Poland, Italy, Romania, Czechoslovakia, Austria, Hungary, Holland, Chile and others. Favors totalitarian regimes because they produce stronger, more intelligent men. Cadbury, Laurence John   1889-1982 Order of the British Empire, treasurer of the Population Investigation Committee in 1936, governor of the Bank of England 1936-1961, vice president of the Eugenics Society 1951 -1952 and a long time fellow, managing director of Cadbury Bros. Ltd., including what is now Cadbury Schweppes, a $6 billion business in beverages, confections and other items. His two sons have taken over the business empire and one of them has also been governor of the Bank of England. His nephew, George Woodall Cadbury, wrote “Population changes and economics” (1941) and “The Case for Voluntary Euthanasia” (1971). There have been more Cadbury’s busy in the eugenics/population control movement. Carlton, Newcomb   1869-1953 President and chairman Western Union (During the 20s and 30s he was involved with laying the first transnational phone lines). In a Senate subcommittee hearing Carlton and others admitted that British (Naval) Intelligence was spying on the company and that this was the most common thing in the world. This practice went back to at least the first half of the 19th century. Carlton also was director International Acceptance Bank, Chase National

Bank, Metropolitan Life Insurance Co., American Express Co., the American Sugar Refining Co., American Telegraph and Cable Co., American International Corporation (very involved with the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917), World Cable Systems, member Newcomen Society. Carnegie, Andrew   1835-1919 Born in Dunfermline, Scotland, director of American Express, Illinois Central Railroad, United States Trust Company of New York, Western Union Telegraph, City & Suburban Homes, and Cuban-Dominican. Set up the Carnegie Steel Company in the U.S. At age sixty-five, he sold the company to J. P. Morgan for $480 million and devoted the rest of his life to his philanthropic activities and writing. Later he created seven philanthropic and educational organizations in the United States, including Carnegie Corporation of New York, and several more in Europe. This Carnegie Corporation (foundation) has been, and still is, one of the main movers behind the globalization process. In later years the Carnegie Foundation merged with the Mellon Foundation. Carrington, Lord Peter Rupert president 1919-alive President of the Pilgrim since 1983, Secretary General of NATO 1984-1988, British Foreign Secretary 1979-1982, Order of the Garter, Bilderberg Steering Committee, member Trilateral Commission, member of the Council on Foreign Relations, Atlantic Institute for International Affairs. Cates, Louis S.   1881-1959 Chairman American Mining Congress, chairman Phelps-Dodge Corporation (the world’s number two leading producer of copper and molybdenum and is the world’s largest producer of continuous-cast copper rod) 1930-1947. The Phelps-Dodge company was a main financier of the 1934 fascist plot against FDR. The vice president of Phelps-Dodge Corporation, Cleveland Dodge, was one of the Crusaders’ National Advisors, who were working together with The American Libert League to turn public opinion pro-fascist. They worked together with the du Ponts, Morgans, Harrimans and many other wealthy influential families, many of them Pilgrims. Cates, John Martin, Jr.   unknown Member of the executive committee of the Wolf’s Head Society of Yale, worked at the United States Mission to the United Nations and worked close with McGeorge Bundy and George Wildman Ball, president Center For Inter-American Relations in New York, member Council on Foreign Relations. Catlin, George Edward Gordon

  1896-1979 Educated at St Paul’s School, New College, Oxford, and Cornell University, where he was professor of politics 1924-1959. He was lecturer at various universities, including Yale, Calcutta, Columbia, Peking and Berkeley. An Assistant Professor of Politics at Cornell by the age of 28 and subsequently twice acting chairman. In 1925 Catlin wrote the first of many articles advocating the closest Anglo-American cooperation on every level, in fact organic union. In 1926 he was appointed Director of the National Commission (Social Research Council) to study the impact of prohibition in the United States. Between 1928 and 1931 Catlin was attached to the personal staff of Sir Oswald Mosley, a period before Mosley had made his final break with the Labour Party. From 1929 onwards Catlin attempted to win a suitable Labour Party nomination and he unsuccessfully stood for Brentford in 1931 and for Sunderland in 1935. In 1929 he assisted H.G. Wells, Arnold Bennett and other literati in establishing The Realist magazine and between 1935 and 1937 he served on the executive of the Fabian Society. During the 1930s Catlin travelled abroad extensively, journeying to Germany where he witnessed the Dimitrov trial, with its sinister foreshadowing of what Nazism was to become, to Russia for a prolonged examination of the newly established Communist regime and to Spain during the depths of the Civil War. Throughout this period Catlin wrote a large number of journalistic pieces, principally for the Yorkshire Post. He served on the campaign team of Presidential candidate Wendell Wilkie during 1940 and his book, One Anglo-American Nation appeared in 1941. In 1931 Catlin met Gandhi for the first time in London and he became an early advocate of Indian independence, visiting the sub-continent in 1946 and again in 1947 and publishing his tribute to the assassinated leader, In the Path of Mahatma Gandhi, during 1948. He lectured in Peking in 1947, served as Provost of Mar Ivanios College in Indiana in 1953-54 and a Chairman and Bronfman Professor in the Department of Economics and Political Science at McGill University between 1956 and 1960. His autobiography, on which he had worked sporadically since the end of the First World War, was finally published in 1972 as For God’s Sake, Go. Catto, Henry Edward, Jr.   1930-alive Graduate of Williams College, deputy representative to the Organization of American States 1969-1971, U.S. ambassador to El Salvador 1971-1973, chief of protocol of the White House and Department of State 1974-1976, U.S. representative to the United Nations Offices in Geneva 1976-1977, assistant secretary of Defense for Public Affairs and Pentagon spokesman 1981-1983, vice chairman and president of Broadcast Group at H & C Communications 1983-1989 (operator of network television stations Houston, OrlandoDaytona Beach, San Antonio), U.S. ambassador to Great Britain 1989-1991, director of the United States Information Agency 1991-1993, partner in the insurance firm Catto & Catto, diplomat-in-residence at the University of Texas at San Antonio, member of the Smithsonian National Board, vice-chairman of the Aspen Institute, member of the Council

on Foreign Relations, chairman of the Atlantic Council of the United States since 1999. Caulcutt, Sir John   born 1876 Director of large companies. No other info. Chadbourne, William Merriam   born 1879 New York lawyer, vice president of the China Society of America. Chamberlain, Arthur Neville   1869-1940 he first half of his career was spent in business and, after 1911, in the city government of Birmingham, of which he became lord mayor in 1915. In 1917 he was director of national service, supervising conscription, and the following year, at the age of 50, he was elected to Parliament as a Conservative. During the 1920s he served both as chancellor of the exchequer (1923–24) and minister of health (1923, 1924–29). In the latter position, he enacted a series of important reforms that simplified the administration of Britain’s social services and systematized local government. In 1931 he again became chancellor of the exchequer and held that office until he succeeded Stanley Baldwin as prime minister in 1937. During the 1930s, Chamberlain’s professed commitment to avoiding war with Hitler resulted in his controversial policy of “appeasement,” which culminated in the Munich Pact (1938). Although contemporaries and scholars during and after the war criticized Chamberlain for believing that Hitler could be appeased, recent research argues that Chamberlain was not so naive and that appeasement was a shrewd policy developed to buy time for an ill-prepared Britain to rearm. After Germany’s invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1939, he pledged military support to Poland and led Britain to war in September. After the British debacle in Norway, he was forced to resign in May, 1940. He was lord president of the council under Winston Churchill until Oct., 1940, and died a few weeks later. Choate, Joseph H.   unknown A Rockefeller attorney, present as a chairman at an 1882 meeting where they unanimously denounced the Jewish persecution in Russia (an Anson Phelps-Stokes was also a chairman. His son was a S&B member in 1896, just as many other Phelps), president of the 1892 Constitutional Convention working close with later Pilgrim Elihu Root, successfully challenged the Income Tax Act of 1894 (saw it was Communist), ambassador to Britain 1899-1905, U.S. delegate to the International Peace Conference at The Hague in 1907, attended a 1908 Pilgrim meeting. Christopher, Warren M.  

1925-alive Studied law at Stanford, deputy attorney general under President Lyndon Johnson, deputy secretary of state under President Jimmy Carter (he was the chief American negotiator in the 1981 talks that ended the Iranian hostage crisis), director Council on Foreign Relations 1982-1987, vice-chairman Council on Foreign Relations 1987-1991, Stanford University trustee, Secretary of State 1993-1997 (particularly involved in seeking Arab-Israeli peace agreements and in negotiating a peace in Bosnia), chairman of the Independent Commission on the Los Angeles Police Department, director of Chevron-Texaco, Lockheed, Southern California Edison and First Interstate Bancorporation. Chrysler, Walter Percy   1875-1940 Founder of the Chrysler Corporation (now part of DaimlerChrysler A.G.). He began as a machinist’s apprentice and rose within the industry to become vice president in charge of operations at General Motors in 1919. In 1920 he undertook the reorganization of the Willys Overland and Maxwell companies. In 1924 he brought out the first Chrysler car and within a short time he made the company one of the largest automobile manufacturers. Church, Elihu hon. secretary unknown Multimillionaire, rose to a major during WWI, engineer of Transportation of the Port Authority of New York. Churchill, Sir Winston   1874-1965 The son of Lord Randolph Churchill, who was (very) close to Nathaniel de Rothschild, and an American mother. He was educated at Harrow and Sandhurst. After a brief but eventful career in the army, he became a Conservative Member of Parliament in 1900. He held many high posts in Liberal and Conservative governments during the first three decades of the century. At the outbreak of the Second World War, he was appointed First Lord of the Admiralty - a post which he had earlier held from 1911 to 1915. In May, 1940, he became Prime Minister and Minister of Defence and remained in office until 1945. He took over the premiership again in the Conservative victory of 1951 and resigned in 1955. However, he remained a Member of Parliament until the general election of 1964, when he did not seek re-election. Queen Elizabeth II conferred on Churchill the dignity of Knighthood and invested him with the insignia of the Order of the Garter in 1953. Among the other countless honours and decorations he received, special mention should be made of the honorary citizenship of the United States which President Kennedy conferred on him in 1963. Chancellor of the University of Bristol 1929-1965. Churchill was an ordained Druid and very interested in spiritualism. Clarke, Sir Caspar Purdon  

1846-1911 Architect, archaeologist and museum director, had been on purchasing expeditions on behalf of the Victoria and Albert Museum to Turkey, Syria, Greece, Spain, Italy and Germany. He spent two years as a special commissioner in India, which is when he acquired the Hamzanama (painting of an uncle of the prophet Muhammed). Clarkson, Robert   unknown Royal Globe Insurance Group in the first part of the 20th century. All the information available. Clews, James B.   unknown Stayed at the Waldorf-Astoria. All the information available. Coleman, Charles P.   born 1865 Lehigh Valley Railroad (Vanderbilt and Rockefeller ownership), director AmericanRussian Chamber of Commerce from its founding in 1922. Father of Leighton H. Coleman. Coleman, Leighton Hammond   unknown Emeritus director of RJ. Reynolds Industries. Son of Charles P. Coleman. Collier, Barron Gift   1873-1939 One of the founders of INTERPOL and largest landowner in Florida, for whom is named Collier County. Collier senior was chairman of Police Magazine; special police commissioner for New York, 1922-1928; treasurer, American Electric Railway Association, director, Empire Trust Company; Baltimore Commercial Bank; Bank of the Everglades; Florida Trust & Banking Company; Waldorf Astoria Incorporated; First National Bank of Arcadia, Florida; Inter-County Telephone & Telegraph Company; Manhattan Mercantile Corporation; Florida Railroad & Navigation Corporation; Florida Gulf Coast Hotels; Street Railways Advertising Company; and others. Collier was a governor of the George Washington/Sulgrave Institution and chaired the executive committee of James Monroe Memorial Association and Foundation. Collins, Robert Moore   born 1867 A reporter for several important newspapers and worked as an editor in the Washington and New York offices of the Associated Press. He did chiefly political work for the

Associated Press. He was the chief newsman for Reuters and the Associated Press for many stories coming out of the Orient. Cornwallis, Lord   1892-1982 Knight of the British empire, directly descended from the original Lord Charles Cornwallis (1738-1805), who invaded America at the direction of the British Crown and fought many battles, some directly against George Washington. (Although he seemed to have opposed the heavy taxes England imposed on the Colonies) The most recent (3rd) Baron Cornwallis is Fiennes Neil Wykeham Cornwallis, born in 1921. The name on the Pilgrim probably referred to the second Baron Cornwallis. Coudert, Frederic René   1832–1903 His father fled France during the revolution to escape the guillotine, Coudert and his brothers founded Coudert Brothers LLP in 1853 in NY. It would become a powerful law firm, which would still exist anno 2005. Coudert became a leading figure in New York’s legal, social and diplomatic circles. It is believed that he twice turned down appointments to the Supreme Court of the United States. He is also credited with helping to bring the Statue of Liberty to New York Harbor, raising funds and intervening to smooth over diplomatic entanglements. Today the firm has 27 offices in 18 countries. Coudert, Frederic René, Jr.   1898-1972 Attended Browning and Morristown Schools in New York City; was graduated from Columbia University in 1918 and from its law school in 1922; served as a first lieutenant in the One Hundred and Fifth United States Infantry, Twenty-seventh Division, with overseas service, in 1917 and 1918; was admitted to the bar in 1923 and commenced practice in New York City; assistant United States attorney for the southern district of New York in 1924 and 1925; unsuccessful Republican candidate for district attorney of New York County in 1929; delegate to the Republican State conventions from 1930 to 1948; delegate to the Republican National Conventions 1936-1948; member of the State senate 1939 -1946; elected as a Republican to the Eightieth and to the five succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1947-January 3, 1959); was not a candidate for renomination in 1958 to the Eighty-sixth Congress; engaged in the practice of law in New York City; member of State Commission on Governmental Operations of the city of New York 1959-1961; retired from the practice of law due to ill health and resided in New York City, where he died May 21, 1972; interment in Memorial Cemetery, Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y. Coudert, Alexis Carrel   1914-1980 Kid brother of Frederic Coudert Jr., law clerk at the U.S. Supreme Court 1938-1939, law

professor at Columbia University, director of French-American Banking Corporation, Peugeot Motors, Pellon Corporation, Unity Fire & General Insurance, and Planned Parenthood of Manhattan, 25 year managing partner of the Coudert Brothers. Crankshaw, Sir Eric Norman Spencer   1885-1966 Army Lieutenant-Colonel, secretary of the Government Hospitality Fund, Knight Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George. Heavily involved with British empire building surrounding WWII. He met with many Pilgrims and organized some dinner parties. Cromwell, William Nelson   1854-1948 Prominent lawyer in New York, accountant with the New York law firm of Algernon S. Sullivan, partner in Sullivan and Cromwell 1879, established the William Nelson Cromwell Foundation. Could be one of the direct descendant of Oliver Cromwell, who is said to have been sponsored by the money changers in western Europe to take the throne of England in 1649. Crossley, Sir Julian hon. treasurer 1899–1971 Long-time chairman of the Barclay’s Bank. Cullman, Hugh   unknown Unconfirmed Pilgrim, but his cousin is. Hugh has been vice chairman of Philip Morris Company, director of United Virginia Bancshares, president Richmond Corp., the Foreign Policy Association, and the International Chamber of Commerce. Cullman, Joseph F. III   unknown Trustee Bank of England 1958-1970, president and CEO Philip Morris Company (sixties), director Ford Motor Company, IBM, Bankers Trust Company and others. Cullman is wellknown for stating categorically “I do not believe that cigarettes are hazardous to one’s health”, which he said in a 1971 interview after the TV tobacco advertising ban was begun. He is a member of the Peace Parks foundation. Curzon, Lord George   1859-1925 A brilliant student, at Eton College he won a record number of academic prizes before entering Oxford University in 1878. He was elected president of the Oxford Union in 1880 and although he failed to achieve a first he was made a fellow of All Souls College in

1883. A member of the Conservative Party, Curzon was elected MP for Southport in 1886. It was a safe Tory seat and Curzon neglected his parliamentary duties to travel the world. This material provided the material for Russia in Central Asia (1889), Persia and the Persian Question (1892) and Problems of the Far East (1894). In November, 1891, Marquis of Salisbury appointed Curzon as his secretary of state for India. Curzon lost office when Earl of Rosebery formed a Liberal Government in 1894. After the 1895 General Election, the Conservative Party regained power and Curzon was rewarded with the post of under secretary for foreign affairs. Three years later the Marquis of Salisbury granted him the title, Baron Curzon of Kedleston, and appointed him Viceroy of India. Curzon introduced a series of reforms that upset his civil servants. He also clashed with Lord Kitchener (Freemason grand master), who became commander-in-chief of the Indian Army, in 1902. Arthur Balfour, the new leader of the Conservative Party, began to have doubts about Curzon and in 1905 he was forced out of office. Curzon returned to England where he led the campaign against women’s suffrage in the House of Lords. In 1908 he helped establish the Anti-Suffrage League and eventually became its president. In 1916 the new prime minister, David Lloyd George, invited Curzon into his War Cabinet. Curzon served as leader of the House of Lords but refused to support the government’s decision to introduce the 1918 Qualification of Women Act. Despite Curzon’s objections, it was passed by the Lords by 134 votes to 71. Curzon was appointed foreign secretary in 1919 and when Andrew Bonar Law resigned as prime minister in May, 1923, Curzon was expected to become the new prime minister. However, the post went to Stanley Baldwin instead. He continued as foreign secretary until retiring from politics in 1924. Cutting, Robert Fulton   1852-1934 Chairman City & Suburban Homes Co., surrounded by other Pilgrims in daily life. Davis, John William   1873-1955 Democratic congressman from West Virginia 1911-1913, U. S. Solicitor general 1913 -1918, ambassador to Great Britain, 1918-1921, present at the 1919 Versailles Peace Conference, president of the American English-Speaking Union, chairman Davis, Polk and Wardwell law firm (clients included J.P. Morgan and Company, and U.S. Steel), rejected appointment to the U. S. Supreme Court 1922, Democratic presidential candidate 1924, president of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York 1931-1932, director Council on Foreign Relations 1921-1955, director American Telephone & Telegraph, trustee Rockefeller Foundation. Davis supported the Crusaders, which was one of the Fascist front groups trying to overthrow FDR and his New Deal. The main organization was American Liberty League. He was also a main organizer of the anti-New Deal Liberty league against FDR. Davison, Henry Pomeroy  

1867-1922 Jekyll Island meeting (thomas s. lamont / henry clay alexander on J.P. Morgan/ Guaranty), his son was in the Skull & Bones class of 1920, just as a couple of other members of the Davison family. This family is intermarried with the Aldrich, Rockefeller, Peabody and Stillman family (all Pilgrims), involved with the Red Cross during WWI and received at least one 2 million dollar donation from co-Pilgrim George F. Baker. Dawes, Charles G. exec. committee 1865-1951 Comptroller of the Currency 1897-1901, organized the Central Trust Company of Illinois at Chicago in 1902, chairman of the General Purchasing Board of the Allied Expeditionary Forces during World War I (decided who got the contracts), the 1924 Dawes plan to save Germany’s economy from total collapse was named after him, Nobel Peace Prize 1925, vice President of the United States 1925-1929, ambassador to Great Britain 1929-1932, chairman Reconstruction Finance Corporation starting in 1932 Dean, Arthur Hobson   1898-1987 Vietnam War hawk. Member of Committee for An Effective and Durable Peace in Asia. director Council on Foreign Relations 1955-1972. Wall Street Lawyer. New York Social Register. Century Club. Pacific Union Club. Links. Attended 1957 BB meeting. John Dulles Law Partner in Sullivan & Cromwell. Member, Foreign Policy Association, Director, UN Association and Lazard Funds, Inc. Special Ambassador to Korea (1953 -1954). Chairman, U.S. Delegation on Nuclear Arms Testing, Geneva, Switzerland (1962). Trustee Carnegie Foundation. director or trustee of the Japan Society. Desborough, Lord William Henry Grenfell chairman 1855-1945 Athlete, sportsman, and public servant. He filled almost all the offices in local government and local justice which were open to him in Berkshire and Buckinghamshire, and it has been calculated that at one time he was actually serving on no fewer than 115 committees, where his services were recognized as of real value. During the war of 1914-18 he was president of the Central Association of Volunteer Training Corps which passed more than a million men into the regular army and was eventually taken over by the War Office. In 1915 he represented the minister of munitions in France. Appointed chairman of the British Olympic Association in 1905. Chairman of the London Pilgrims 1919-1929. In 1921, he declined for family reasons, to become Governor-General of Canada. Depew, Chauncey Mitchell co-founder 1834-1928 Yale Skull & Bones 1856, admitted to the bar 1858, United States Minister to Japan, twice elected U.S. senator from New York, colonel and judge advocate of the fifth division of the

New York National Guard 1873-1881, president of the New York Central & Hudson River railroad 1885-1899 and it’s later chairman, co-founder Pilgrim Society. Dillon, Clarence   1882-1979 Harvard, studied the methods of the money changers as Rothschild and Morgan, American Together with James Forrestal (president of Dillon, Read & Company 1938-1940, later MJ-12?) he set up Foreign Securities Corporation in 1915 to finance the French Government’s purchases of munitions in the United States, established National Cash Register, bought Dodge Brothers, saved Goodyear from bankruptcy, joined W.A. Read and Company, which evolved into Dillon, Read & Company. Dillon, Read & Company was one of the comapnies that made large loans to Nazi Germany in the 1930s. It became one of the largest investment companies in the mid-20th century. Dillon, Clarence Douglas   1909-2003 Born on a business trip in Geneva, went to Harvard, his daughter became Princess Joan de Luxembourg, director of United States & Foreign Securities Corporation and United States & International Securities Corporation, 1937-1953 (and from 1971 on again), US Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to France 1953-1957, United States treasury secretary 1961-1965, director Council on Foreign Relations 1965-1976, vicechairman Council on Foreign Relations 1976-1978, chairman Brookings Institution 1968 -1975, member Atlantic Council of the United States, director Chase Manhattan Bank and American Telephone & Telegraph, vice president, then director, then chairman of the board of Dillon Read and Company, owner of France’s Haut-Brion vineyards, received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1989. Dilworth, Joseph Richardson   1916-1997 Yale Skull & Bones 1938, chairman of Rockefeller Center, Rockefeller Family & Associates since 1958, director Chase Manhattan Bank, International Basic Economy Corporation, Selected Risk Investments, R.H. Macy, Squibb Pharmaceuticals, Omega Fund and Diamond Shamrock Corporation, trustee of both Yale University and Rockefeller University, member Council on Foreign Relations. Dinkey, Alva Clymer   1866-1931 From water boy in the steel mills to self-made millionaire, first job was in the Edgar Thompson Works, one of the plants of the Carnegie Steel Company, became a telegraph operator, a machinist and electrician, president of the Carnegie Steel Company 1903-1915, president of the Midvale Steel Company at Nicetown. Dorrance, John Thompson, Jr

  died 1989 Chairman of Campbell Soup Corporation (founded by his father), today he and his family consists of multimillionaires and billionaires. Douglas, Lewis Williams   1894-1974 Fought in WWI in the artillery from 1917 to 1919, instructor of history at Amherst College in 1920, engaged in mining and general business, member of the Arizona State house of representatives 1923-1925, elected as a Democrat to the Seventieth Congress, reelected to the three succeeding Congresses 1927-1933, director of the budget by President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1933-1934, vice president and member of the board of a chemical company 1934-1938, principal and vice chancellor of McGill University, Montreal, Canada 1938 -1939, president of an insurance company 1940-1947, director Council on Foreign Relations 1940-1964, chairman of the board on leave of absence 1947-1959, deputy administrator of the War Shipping Administration 1942-1944, United States Ambassador to Great Britain 1947-1950, director General Motors Corporation 1944-1965, chairman and director, Southern Arizona Bank & Trust Company 1949-1966, appointed by the President to head Government Study of Foreign Economic Problems in 1953, member, President’s Task Force on American Indians 1966-1967, director International Nickel Company of Canada, director Continental Oil Company. His daughter, Sharman Douglas, supposedly had a 2-year lesbian affair with Queen Elizabeth II’s younger sister, Princess Margaret Windsor. She also married Pilgrim Andrew Hay from 1968 to 1977. Drum, Hugh Aloysius   1879-1951 Graduated from Boston College in 1898. Joining the Army, he was made a second lieutenant in the 12th infantry. Climbing quickly up the ranks, he became assistant Chief of Staff to General Pershing in France. In 1918 he was promoted to colonel, and became Chief of Staff of the First Army, AEF. Following the war Colonel Drum was engaged in various military schools. He was promoted to Major General by 1931 and sent to Honolulu to serve as commander. In 1940 he was promoted to Lieutenant General in charge of the New York national guard. From 1944 until his death, he was the president of Empire State Inc. During his career he was awarded the Silver Star, Distinguished Service Medal, and the Croix de Guerre. Duke, James Buchanan   1856-1925 James Buchanan Duke goes to New York to develop the new industry of pre-rolled, packaged cigarettes. He establishes the American Tobacco Company with money from New York city financiers, especially Oliver Payne (advisor - intermarried with the Whitneys) and William Collins Whitney (Skull & Bones 1863 - comes from a family of

Pilgrims) and starts buying out the competition. Duke made a deal with British Tobacco companies not to invade the European market and the British promised not to invade the American market. This deal lasted until about 1901. In 1905, James Duke co-founded the Southern Power Company, now known as Duke Power, one of the companies making up Duke Energy, Inc. Within two decades, this company is supplying electricity to more than 300 cotton mills and various other factories, electric lines, and cities and towns primarily in the Piedmont region of North and South Carolina. In 1911, the United States Supreme Court orders the dissolution of the tobacco trust. Duke, Angier Biddle   1915-1995 From the family who owns or owned the American Tobacco Company, Duke Power, Duke Endowment and Duke University. Angier has been ambassador to El Salvador 1952-1953, chief of protocol to JFK and LBJ, ambassador to Spain 1965-1968, Denmark 1968-1969, Vietnam 1973, and Morocco 1979-1981, chairman U.S.-Japan Foundation 1981-1986, became president of the Council of American Ambassadors in 1992, decorated by Great Britain, France, Spain, Sweden, Denmark, Morocco and Greece. Dulles, John Foster   1888-1959 Brother of Allen W. Dulles, Princeton and George Washington University, special agent for Department of State in Central America in 1917, during the First World War served as a captain and a major in the United States Army Intelligence Service 1917-1918, assistant to chairman War Trade Board 1918, present at the 1919 Versailles Peace Conference, Polish Plan of Financial Stabilization 1927, American representative, Berlin Debt Conferences 1933, member of the United States delegation to the San Francisco Conference on World Organization 1945, adviser to Secretary of State at Council of Foreign Ministers in London 1945, Moscow and London 1947, and Paris 1949, representative to the General Assembly of the United Nations 1946-1949, chairman of the United States delegation in Paris 1948, trustee of Rockefeller Foundation, chairman of the board, Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, member of the New York State Banking Board 1946-1949, Republican to the United States Senate July 7, 1949, to November 8, 1949, United States representative to the Fifth General Assembly of the United Nations 1950, consultant to the Secretary of State 1951-1952, appointed Secretary of State by President Dwight D. Eisenhower 1953-1959. Dulles, Allen Welsh   1893-1969 Brother of John F. Dulles, Princeton up to 1916, sent to Bern, Switzerland to work under State Department senior Hugh Wilson (Skull & Bones 1909), to collect political information on Germany and the Austro-Hungarian empire 1916-1918, joines his older brother, John Foster Dulles (Pilgrim), and David Bruce (Pilgrim) as members of President

Woodrow Wilson’s staff at the Versailles Peace Conference in 1919, partner in Sullivan & Cromwell from 1927, director Council on Foreign Relations 1927-1933, secretary Council on Foreign Relations 1933-1944, in May 1941 he urges the U.S. to enter World War II, recruited by OSS intelligence chief Colonel William J. Donovan 1941, sets up and runs a spy post in Bern, Switserland 1942-1945, vice-president Council on Foreign Relations 1944-1946, said to have been involved in Operation Paperclip where about 1300 German scientists and their families were secretly imported into the United States and placed into the Military-Industrial complex, president Council on Foreign Relations 1946-1950, director Central Intelligence Agency 1953-1961, member of President Johnson’s Commission on the Assassination of President Kennedy 1963-1964 (forerunner of the Warren Commission), Main United Fruit Company shareholder, Dulles International Airport in Washington, D.C. is named after him. Duncan, William Butler president 1830-1912 Born in Edinburgh, Scotland, New York banker 1851-75, president of Great Western Insurance Company during the American civil war, sat together with J.P. Morgan on the Advisory Committee of Robinson & Cox (attorneys for United States Lloyds, one of the most powerful institutions of the City of London), the only American member of London’s exclusive club, the Travelers (since 1868, when relations between the U.S. and England were strained over the Alabama claims), president and later chairman of the board of the Mobile & Ohio Railroad, didn’t attend a 1908 Pilgrim dinner (as president) due to sickness. Dunn, Gano exec. committee 1870-1953 president American Institute of Electrical Engineers 1911- 1912, president J.G. White Engineering Corporation in 1913 (founded by a Pilgrim), member War Department Nitrate Commission 1916-1918, chairman State Department Special Committee on Submarine Cables 1918, chairman National Research Council 1923-1928, executive committee member World Power Conference 1936, director Guaranty Trust Company, Panhandle Eastern Pipeline Company and Radio Corporation of America and National Broadcasting Company, member U.S. Patent Office advisory committee, trustee Greenwich Savings Bank, trustee of Barnard College, consultant National Defense Committee, president of the Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science, vice-president of the Pan American Society of the U.S. Du Pont, Lammot (Copeland)   1905-1983 Harvard, worked in the laboratory of the Fabrics and Finishings Department at DuPont’s Fairfield. In 1942 he replaced his father, Charles Copeland, on DuPont’s Board of Directors and was appointed to the Board’s Finance Committee. He served on the Development Department’s postwar planning board during World War II and became

secretary in 1947. Copeland was named vice president and chair of the Finance Committee in 1954 and was appointed to the Executive Committee in 1959. Copeland served as DuPont’s 11th president from 1962 to 1967. Copeland retired as president in 1967. He remained as chairman of the Board of Directors until 1971 and continued to sit on the board until 1982. Du Pont was also a director of Wilmington Trust Company, a director of Christiana Securities, father in law to James Biddle, who married his daughter Louisa. James Biddle is a direct descendant of Nicholas Biddle, head of the British affiliated (Rothschild-Windsor) second Bank of the United States. The du Pont family was the largest funder of The American Liberty League, the main institute behind the 1934 fascist plot against FDR. Lammot, for example, donated at least 15.000 dollar to The American Liberty League and another 5.000 dollar to similar organisations. Eells, Richard   alive received A.B., M.A. and LL.D. degrees from Whitman College and Princeton University and is presently Professor of Business (Emeritus) at Columbia University, and Special Advisor to the President of Columbia University; also special advisor to the president of the New York Botanical Garden. During his past 15 years service at Columbia University he was Director of Studies of the Modern Corporation, adjunct professor of Business, and councillor to the Dean of Graduate School of Business. Previously, manager of Public Policy Research, General Electric Company (NYC) for ten years. Field director, Near East College Association (AUB and others). Following military service in the USAF, he was Chief of the Division of Aeronautics and Holder of the Guggenheim Chair of Aeronautics, The Library of Congress (Washington, D.C.). He has received grants from the Rockefeller Foundation and Sloan Foundation and has served as consultant to IBM, General Electric, Rockefeller Bros. Fund, and others. He is the author and co-author of fifteen books on corporate social policy matters (and spionage) and the editor of thirty-five volumes on business matters. Eliot, Ellsworth, Jr   1864-1945 Yale; joined the surgical staff of Presbyterian Hospital in 1893; he remained at the Hospital as an Attending Surgeon until 1918 and was thereafter consultant in surgery until his death. He was Chief of Surgery of Vanderbilt Clinic of P&S from 1895 to 1900 and at various times held surgical professorships at both P&S and the Cornell University Medical College. Esher, Viscount Reginald   unknown Usually decribed as “secretive” or “mysterious” together with “lot’s of influence”, wrote confidential memoranda for Queen Victoria, supposedly had bizarre sexual interests and stood in contact with the Rothschild family, a British statesman who stood in close contact

with Pilgrim Henry Morgenthau Jr.’s father. Evans, James H.   1920-alive University of Chicago Law School, high positions at Reuben H. Donnelley Corp., Dun & Bradstreet Inc., and the Seamen’s bank for Savings, in the navy during WWII, chairman 1965 Red Cross Campaign for Greater New York, chairman of the Union Pacific Corporation, director Citicorp, AT&T, Bristol-Myers, General Motors Corp. and Metropolitan Life Insurance Co., governor Foreign Policy Association, trustee Rockefeller Brothers Fund, University of Chicago and the American Youth Foundation, Bohemian Grove visitor. Fairhaven, Lord   1896-1966 Had mining and railroad interests in the United States, which were created by his father. Much of the American fortune, which the 1st Lord Fairhaven inherited, was energetically deployed in the collection of works of art and the Abbey is now the permanent home of an outstandingly rich collection of furniture, pictures and art objects. Lord Fairhaven was also involved with landscape gardening. Faulkner, Sir Eric Odin   1914-1994 Educated at Bradfield and Corpus Christi College, Cambridge, lieutenant-colonel of the Royal Artillery, chairman Union Discount Co. 1959-1970, chairman Glyn, Mills & Co., chairman of Lloyd’s Bank (City of London), governor Hudson’s Bay Co., director of Vickers, advisory director of Unilever, negociated with rebel Rhodesian leader Ian Smith in 1965 at the directions of the Prime-Minister of England, chairman British Bankers’ Association 1972-1973 and 1980-1984, chairman Committee of London Clearing Bankers from 1972-1974, chairman Industrial Society 1973-1976, Order of the British Empire 1974, organized the formation of the City Communications Organisation in 1976 (City of London interests). Field, Marshall   1834-1906 Owned Marshall Field & Company which had factories in the U.S., Europe, China and Australia. He owned stocks and bonds in about one hundred and fifty corporations, and he was a director of many. He owned many millions of bonds and stocks in railroads. The history of many of them reeked with thefts of public and private money; corruption of common councils, of legislatures, Congress and of administrative officials; land grabbing, fraud, illegal transactions, violence and oppression not only of their immediate workers, but of the entire population. He owned Baltimore & Ohio stock; Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe; Chicago & Northwestern, and tens of millions more of the stock or bonds of fifteen

other railroads. He also owned an immense assortment of the stocks of a large number of trusts. The affairs of these trusts have been shown in court, at some time or other, as overflowing with fraud, the most glaring oppressions, and violations of law. Flagler, Henry Morrison   1830-1913 His mother was from the Harkness family, worked at L.G. Harkness and Company, partner in the newly organized D. M. Harkness and Company in 1952, married married Mary Harkness in 1853, founded the Flagler and York Salt Company in 1862, the end of the Civil War caused a drop in the demand for salt and the Flagler and York Salt Company collapsed, bringing him heavily into debt, after barrowing money he reentered the grain business as a commission merchant and became acquainted with John D. Rockefeller, Rockefeller, Andrews and Flagler start Standard Oil in 1870 (with a loan from National City Bank of Cleveland) and two years later it will dominate the US oil market, Flagler later goes into the railroad business and becomes the second largest land owner in Florida. Forbes, Malcolm Stevenson, Sr.   1917-1990 Son of the Forbes Magazine founder, publisher of Forbes magazine 1964-1990, legendary for his lavish lifestyle, his private Capitalist Tool jet, ever larger Highlander yachts, huge art collection, substantial collection of Harley Davidson motorbikes, French Chateau, collection of special shape Hot air balloons, and opulent birthday parties, Bohemian Grove member. Forbes, Malcolm Stevenson “steve”, Jr.   1947-alive Princeton, president and editor-in-chief Forbes Magazine, director Americas Society, lost 1996 presidential nomination to Bob Dole, lost the 2000 presidential nomination to George W. Bush Franklin, George S., Jr.   unknown His father was a CFR director. Franklin Jr. attended Harvard University and was a roommate of David Rockefeller. Franklin was a Council on Foreign Relations executive director from 1953 to 1971. Franklin was the first secretary of the Atlantic Council of the United States, co-founded by Pilgrim Dean Acheson. Franklin also was a co-founder of the Trilateral Commission in 1973, together with David Rockefeller, and became a secretary of this Commission in later years. Fraser, Leon exec. committee born 1889 Director NY Federal Reserve Bank, president of the First National Bank of New York,

law professor and trustee at Columbia University 1914-1917, president of the Bank for International Settlements and helped in arming the Nazi’s, director of General Electric, U.S. Steel and Mutual Life Insurance of New York, director Council on Foreign Relations 1936-1945 Funston, George Keith   1910-1992 A banker’s son, he worked his way through Trinity College and Harvard Business School before becoming a salesman for American Radiator, and later, Sylvania. President Trinity College 1945-1951, president New York Stock Exchange 1951-1967, chairman Olin Mathieson Chemical Co. 1967-1972, director Illinois Central Industries, National Aviation Corporation, Putnam Trust Company, Chemical Bank, IBM, Metropolitan Life Insurance, Republic Steel, Winn Dixie Stores, Avco Corporation, Paul Revere Investors and others. Gallatin, Eugene   1881-1952 Great grandson of Albert Gallatin (1761-1849 - Born in Geneva in an old noble family), who was a U.S. Treasury Secretary between 1801 and 1814. During the War of 1812, Albert made it possible for his associate, John Jacob Astor, to transport his furs across the battle lines. Albert also was a U.S. diplomat to England and France. Eugene Gallatin was a proffessional art collector. Gardner, John W.   1912-2002 B.A. and M.A. in psychology from Stanford University, Ph.D. from the University of California, analyzed enemy propaganda broadcast to Latin America 1942-1943, entered the Marine Corps and the OSS 1943-1945, joined the Carnegie Corporation in 1946, president of the Carnegie Corporation of New York and the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching 1955-1965, founder and chairman of Common Cause (lobby force of private citizens), edited a volume of JFK’s speeches and position papers, presidential Medal of Freedom 1964, Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare under LBJ 1965-1968, chairman of the National Urban Coalition (group of leaders who came together to tackle the problems of race and poverty that underlay the nationwide riots of 1968), Governor Nelson Rockefeller asked Gardner to fill Kennedy’s vacant Senate seat (he declined) 1968, trustee Stanford University 1968-1982, founder and chairman of Independent Sector 1980-1983 (lobby force of private citizens), director Institute of Medicine, member of The Scientific Advisory Board of the Air Force, member of the Advisory Board of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, director or advisor of Rockefeller Brothers Fund, Rockefeller University, Shell Oil Company, American Airlines, the Enterprise Foundation and National Center for Action, member Council on Foreign Relations, founding member of the national advisory board of the Haas Center, the John W. Gardner Center for Youth and Their Communities was established at Stanford

University in 2000. Gates, Thomas Sovereign, Jr.   1906-1983 Son of an investment banker, graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1928, joined the investment banking firm of Drexel and Company in Philadelphia and became a partner in 1940, rose to the rank of lieutenant commander in the Navy 1940-1945, undersecretary of the Navy 1953-1957, secretary of the Navy 1957-1959, secretary of defense 1959-1961 and authorized U-2 reconnaissance flights, director and president Morgan Guaranty Trust Company 1961-1965, CEO and chairman of Morgan Guaranty Trust Company in 1965, Nixon appointed him chairman of the Advisory Commission on an AllVolunteer Force, which presented its influential report in November 1969, Ambassador to China 1976-1977, member Council on Foreign Relations. Gerard , James W. vice-president 1867-1951 Lawyer, New York state Supreme Court justice 1908-1913 (Hearst’s newspapers opposed his appointment), ambassador to Germany 1913-1917 and expelled when the submarine war against the U.S. began, treasurer of the Democratic National Committee 1914-1932, again New York state Supreme Court justice 1917-1921, delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York in 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936, 1944 and 1948. Gilpatrick, Roswell L.   unknown Deputy Secretary of Defense under Kennedy, special adviser to Kennedy and part of his “Special Group” (on Cuba), director CBS, trustee Rockefeller Brothers Fund, member Council on Foreign Relations. Gordon, Albert Hamilton   1901-alive Received his MBA at Harvard, one of the old banking titans, acquired the investment banking house of Kidder, Peabody & Co. in 1931 and chaired it until 1968, opened offices of this company in Hong Kong and Japan, director of Sloan Kettering Hospital, Paine Webber Inc., The Americas Society, and the New York Road Runners Club, member Council on Foreign Relations. Gould, Edwin   1866-1933 Jay Gould’s son (famous for being extremely cruel), chairman of the St. Louis & Southwestern Railroad which owned the Arkansas & Texas Railway, director Paragould & Southeastern Railway, director Bowling Green Trust Company, consolidated competition into the Diamond Match Company in 1899, member Jekyll Island Georgia Club, member

of the Pilgrims of New York in 1903. Gould, Samuel B.   1910-alive M.A. degree from New York University 1936, during World War II he served as an officer in the Navy, president of Antioch College for five years, president Boston University for six years, first chancellor of the Santa Barbara State College 1959-1962, director of National Commercial Bank & Trust, American Council on Education, chairman of the Institute of Man and Science, chairman Research Foundation of the State University of New York, trustee John D. Rockefeller III Fund, Salk Institute Educational Records Bureau Kettering Foundation, and other positions. Grace, J. Peter   1913-1995 Bachelor of Arts from Yale University in 1936, president and CEO of the chemical giant W.R. Grace & Co. 1945-1992 (also big in South-America), director Citibank, chairman of the Order of the Knights of Malta in the United States, chairman National Jewish Center for Immunology and Respiratory Medicine, president Catholic Youth Organization for the Archdiocese of New York, member Willard Garvey’s International conference on privatizing education, chairman of the American Institute for Free Labor Development, involved in Project Paperclip 1945, trustee American Committee for Liberation from Bolshevism 1950 (Pilgrim Heinz II also), involved with Radio Liberty and Radio Free Europe in which Fascists and the CIA were involved, chairman President’s Private Sector Survey on Cost Control (under Reagan), chairman Advisory Committee of AmeriCares 1982-1995 (involved with Bush, Brzezinski & Powell), director Friends of the Democratic Center in Central America (involved the Iran-Contra affair), member and governor Council for National Policy, member Council on Foreign Relations, member 1001 Club, member Newcomen Society. Greenwood, Lord Hamar chairman 1870-1948 Canadian-born Liberal member of parliament 1906-1922, secretary of the Overseas Trade Department 1919-1920, Chief Secretary for Ireland 1920-1922, Conservative member of parliament 1924-1929, treasurer Conservative Party, Baron since 1929, Viscount since 1937, director of one of England’s greatest steel firms - Dorman, Long, and Company, president British Iron and Steel Federation 1938-1939. Grenfell, Sir William (Max-Muller)   1867-1945 A British diplomat. This person was a member from the Grenfell family of Grenfell & Company, a British merchant bank, that merged with Morgan to become Morgan, Grenfell & Company. These days it still exists as Morgan Grenfell Asset Management, which is

owned by Deutsche Bank. Pilgrim Lord Desborough was also a Grenfell. Grosvenor, Gerald Cavendish   1951-alive 6th Duke of Westminster, Marquess of Westminster, Earl Grosvenor, Viscount Belgrave, Baron Grosvenor of Eaton, and is a baronet. His wife can be traced directly to the Russian Peter the Great, personal fortune is estimated at 5 billion pounds, owns over 300 acres of the best property in downtown London, plus large land holdings in Canada, Australia, Hawaii and elsewhere, possibly a partner of the Royal Bank of Scotland through the National Westminster Bank, Knight of the Order of the Garter. Haggard, Sir Godfrey Digby Napier exec. committee 1884-1969 Order of the British Empire, British Consul-General at New York. Halifax, Lord Edward Wood   1881-1959 Elected to the House of Commons to represent Ripon in 1910. A member of the Conservative Party, he served in the cabinet as president of the Board of Education (1922 -24) and Minister of Agriculture (1924-25). In 1925 he was appointed Viceroy of India, a position he held for six years. When Stanley Baldwin replaced Ramsay MacDonald as prime minister in 1935 he appointed Lord Halifax as his war secretary and as leader of the House of Lords. In 1936 Halifax visited Nazi Germany for the first time. Halifax’s friend, Henry (Chips) Channon, reported: “He told me he liked all the Nazi leaders, even Goebbels, and he was much impressed, interested and amused by the visit. He thinks the regime absolutely fantastic.” In November, 1937, Neville Chamberlain, who had replaced Stanley Baldwin as prime minister, sent Lord Halifax to meet Adolf Hitler, Joseph Goebbels and Hermann Goering in Germany. In his diary, Lord Halifax records how he told Hitler: “Although there was much in the Nazi system that profoundly offended British opinion, I was not blind to what he (Hitler) had done for Germany, and to the achievement from his point of view of keeping Communism out of his country.” In December, 1940, Lord Halifax was replaced as foreign secretary by his long-term opponent, Anthony Eden. Halifax now became British ambassador to the United States. Lord Halifax was the British delegate to the San Francisco Conference in March 1945, and attended the first session of the United Nations in 1945. He resigned as ambassador to the United States in May, 1946. Harbord, James G.   1866-1947 Born in Illinois, he grew up near Bushong in Lyon County, and graduated from Kansas State Agricultural College in 1886. After a short teaching career he enlisted in the army as a private and in 1891 he received a commission. His first overseas experience came as a member of the occupation army in Cuba after the Spanish American War. That was

followed by 12 years service in the Philippines. He was on the Mexican border with General John J. Pershing in 1916 and when the United States entered the European conflict he went to France as Pershing’s chief of staff, which won him a promotion to brigadier general. When the American marine commander in France became ill, Harbord replaced him and directed the marine action at Chateau Thierry and Belleau Wood, operations which smashed the German offensive directed at Paris in June 1918. In August 1918 the necessity for greater efficiency in troop and supply movement became apparent and Harbord was recalled from the front and put in charge of supply. This was described as the largest business undertaking that was ever conducted by one man in all history. His success won him Allied praise and the Distinguished Service Medal. At the end of the war he was commissioned a major general in the regular army and commanded at Camp Travis, Texas. When Pershing was appointed chief of staff, Harbord became his deputy. In 1922 General Harbord retired from the army and assumed the presidency of the Radio Corporation of America. He served as president of the Radio Corporation America for seven years and then as chairman of the board until 1947, the year of his death. Member of the Newcomen Society and decorated a Knight Commander of the Order of St. Michael and St. George. Harbord, John O.   dead Likely a family member of James G. Harbord, chairman Radio Corporation of America. Attended a Pilgrim meeting in 1939. Harcourt, Viscount William Edward   1908-1979 Supposedly a descendants of William the Conqueror, Executive director of the IMF and the World Bank 1954-1957. Harkness, Edward Stephen   1874-1940 Yale, Family fortune was estimated at $800 million in 1924, one of the largest stockholders in Standard Oil, large amount of stocks in many of the largest companies in the world as Michigan Central Railroad, New York Central Railroad, West Shore Railroad, C.C.C. & St. Louis Railroad, P. & L.E. Railroad and Southern Pacific Railroad, married Mary Stillman (Pilgrim family) in 1904, first president of the Commonwealth Fund (Harkness Fellowship), founded the Pilgrim Trust in 1930, which helped build Columbia University’s College of Physicians and Surgeons. Edward was a philanthropist who wasn’t on the board of many companies and avoided to much publicity. Harriman, Edward Henry   1848-1909

Railroad executive and financier, director Newsweek, controlled at various times the Illinois Central, chairman Union Pacific Railroad and Southern Pacific Railroad, lost a fight with James Hill to gain control of the Northern Pacific Railroad in a struggle that contributed to the stock market panic of 1901. James Hill, Edward Harriman and J. P. Morgan combined forces in 1906 to create a monopoly, the Northern Securities Company, but the Supreme Court ruled in favor of a government order to break up the firm. Edward was a director of Union Banking Corporation, which was a Nazi holding company. UBC did business with the Nazis up to 1943, when it was seized by the U.S. government under the trading with the enemy act. Harriman, William Averell   1891-1986 Yale Skull & Bones 1913, scion of the Harriman railroad family, director Guarantee Trust Company (merged with J.P. Morgan), formed the Merchant Shipbuilding Corporation in 1917 (became the largest merchant fleet), together with his brother he formed W.A. Harriman & Company in 1922, acquainted with Fritz Thyssen during his trip to Germany in the early 1920s, Brown Brothers Harriman / traded with the Soviets 1925-1929, chairman New York State Committee of Employment 1933, Administrative Officer of Roosevelt’s NRA 1934, Union Banking Corporation, Secretary of Commerce, Ambassador to Russia during World War II, director Council on Foreign Relations 1950 -1955, governor of New York 1955-1958, chief negotiator on the Vietnam Talks, confidential adviser to Presidents Roosevelt, Truman, Kennedy, Johnson, Nixon and Carter, organized the H. Smith Richardson Foundation, which participated in the MKULTRA. Harrison, George Leslie exec. committee 1887-1958 Lawyer and financial expert, assistant general counsel and counsel Federal Reserve Bank of Washington D.C.1914-1920, counsel and deputy governor Federal Reserve Bank of New York 1920-1928, governor and president Federal Reserve Bank of New York 1928 -1941, special consultant to the Secretary of War, president and chairman New York Life Insurance 1941-1953, chairman Interim Policy Committee on Atomic Energy, active on behalf of the American National Red Cross, trustee Columbia University. Hartford, Huntington III   1911-alive Owner of The Great Atlantic and Pacific Tea Company (founded by his grandfather), owner Oil Shale Corporation, owner Paradise Island in Nassau, the Bahamas, director Institute for British American Cultural Exchange in 1961, director New York World Fair 1964-1965, member of the United States Committee for the United Nations and the U.S. National Commission for UNESCO, established the Huntington Hartford Gallery of Modern Art.

Hauge, Gabriel   1914-1981 Harvard, senior statistician Federal Reserve Bank of New York 1939, Princeton University economics professor 1940-1942, Navy reserve 1942-1946, chief Division of Research and Statistics New York State Banking 1947-1950, assistant chairman McGraw-Hill Publishing Company 1950-1952, assistant to president Eisenhower for Economic Affairs 1953-1958 (opposed Senator Joseph McCarthy’s anti-Communist crusade and favored liberalized foreign trade policies), director Trust company 1959, treasurer Council on Foreign Relations 1964-1981, Bilderberg Steering Committee, chairman Manufacturers Hanover Bank 1971-1979 (joined in 1958 - 4th largest bank of the US at that time). Hay, Andrew “Anthony” MacKenzie   unknown Married Pilgrim daughter Sharman Douglas from 1968 to 1977, who, according to ITV (competitor of the BBC), had a 2-year lesbian affair with Queen Elizabeth II’s younger sister, Princess Margaret Windsor. Andrew Hay is only described as a “food importer”. Hayes, Alfred   died 1989 Harvard, Yale, Oxford, Rhodes Scholar, analyst in the investment department of the City Bank Farmers Trust Company 1933-1940, bond department of the National City Bank 1940-1942, assistant secretary in the investment department New York Trust Co. 1942 -1944, served as a naval lieutenant in financial planning for military government, and in the office of the Foreign Liquidation Commissioner in Washington and Rome 1944-1946, vice-president New York Trust in 1946, New York Trust Co. foreign division.board 1947 -1956, trustee Lignan University in Canton, China 1947-1954 (Mao’s Communist takeover was in 1949), president Federal Reserve Bank of New York 1956-1975, chairman Morgan Stanley International 1975-1981, director National Distillers & Chemical, member Council on Foreign Relations. Healy, Harold Harris, Jr.   1921-alive Son-in-law of Eli Whitney Debevoise (Pilgrim), Yale 1943, Phi Beta Kappa & Order of the Coif, U.S. Army Field Artillery landing in France 1943-1946, partner in Debevoise, comment editor and executive editor of the Yale Law Journal, executive assistant U.S. Attorney General 1957-1959, Plimpton Lyons & Gates, U.S. counsel for N.M. Rothschild & Sons, advisory council Ditchley Foundation, member of the Council on Foreign Relations, executive council American Society for International Law 1977-1980, trustee, treasurer and chairman of Vassar College 1977-1986, long-time member of the American Bar Association, first president of the Internationale des Avocats, persuaded the American Bar Association to join the previous organisation, director and president Legal Aid Society,

director Metropolitan Opera Association, director Academy of American Poets, French Legion of Honor 1984. Heard, George Alexander   1917-alive University of California and Columbia, appointed chairman of the Commission on Campaign Costs by JFK, Chancellor of Vanderbilt University 1963-1972, chairman Alfred P. Sloan Foundation’s study of presidential elections in America in 1982, director Time Incorporated, member Council on Foreign Relations. Heinz, Henry John II   1908-1987 Yale Skull & Bones 1931, founder and chairman of the H.J. Heinz Company (very large international food manufacturer), chairman Howard Heinz Endowment, very close with Carnegie and Mellon interests, trustee American Committee for Liberation from Bolshevism 1950 (together with Pilgrim and Knight of Malta head J. Peter Grace), member Council on Foreign Relations. He is the father of Teresa Heinz Kerry’s (born in Mozambique, brought up in South Africa, Carnegie trustee, global environmentalist sponsor and considers herself a “world citizen”) first husband, John Heinz III. (who died in a plane crash) Teresa remarried with 1966 Skull & Bones member John F. Kerry, who became the main presidential opponent in 2004. Hewart, Viscount Gordon   1870-1943 Oxford, called to the bar at the Inner Temple in 1902, member of parliament for Leicester 1913-1922, Solicitor General 1919-1922, Lord Chief Justice of England 1922-1940. Hewitt, William A.   1915-1998 Lieutenant commander on the battleship California in WWII on which his Cabin Mate was co-Pilgrim Gabriel Hauge, married into the Deere fortune of Deere & Company (heavy agricultural machinery), chairman Deere & Company, director of Continental Illinois National Bank, Continental Oil Company, A.T.&T. and the United Nations Association, director of both the U.S. and U.S.S.R. Trade & Economic Council, director of the National Council for U.S.-China Trade, advisor Chase Manhattan Bank, trustee Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, life trustee Caltech, member Trilateral Commission, Americas Society, Asia Society, Council on Foreign Relations, Committee for Economic Development, National Corporation for Housing Partnerships, Atlantic Institute for International Affairs, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, International Executive Service Corps, California Institute of Technology and Stanford Research Council, openly loyal to the King of England. Hill, John Warren

  died Member of the finance committee for New York county of the American Legion 1927 -1928, member of the Joint Legislative Committee on Interstate Cooperation 1946, director of the National Committee for Mental Hygiene. Hill, James J.   1838-1916 He and others purchased the nearly bankrupt St. Paul and Pacific Railroad in 1878, which he and his partners made into one of the most successfull railroad companies of the U.S. In a later stage of his life, Hill was also involved with coal and iron ore mining, Great Lakes and Pacific Ocean shipping, banking and finance, agriculture and milling. He owned many million acres of land and immense iron ore deposits in Minnesota. He amassed a personal fortune of about 63 million dollars. Hoffman, Paul Gray   1891-1974 President Studebaker Corporation 1935-1948, founder and chairman Committee for Economic Development 1942-1948, president Ford Foundation 1950-1953, chairman Studebaker Corporation 1953-1956, delegate to the United Nations 1956-1957, managing director UN Special Fund (UN Development Program) 1959-1972, director Encyclopedia Britannica Hogan, Frank J.   1877-1944 Georgetown University law degree 1902, founded Hogan & Hartson (D.C. area major law firm), became a nationally famous trial lawyer, among his clients were Theodore Roosevelt and Andrew Mellon, president of the American Bar Association in 1939, adressed the Pilgrims in 1939. Hogg, Douglas McGarel vice-president 1872-1950 British lawyer and politician, Queen’s Privy Council 1922, attorney general 1922-1928, Lord Chancellor in the UK conservative government 1928-1929, Secretary of State for War 1931-1935, U.K. Leader of the House of Lords 1931-1935. Holt, Hamilton   1872-1951 Yale and Columbia University, disappointed with the traditional education of lecture and recitation, president Rollins College, assisted in the formation of The League of Nations, Holt was a founder of the Italy-America Society and the Netherlands-America Foundation (Carnegie was acquainted with the Royal Dutch house of Orange-Nassau, interlocked with

his patrons, the British Crown). Hornblower, Henry II   1917-1985 Owned Hornblower & Weeks, Hemphill-Noyes investment bankers, founded the Plimoth Plantation, trustee of another Pilgrim Society, founded in 1820, which is a genealogical and historical organization at Plymouth, Mass, member of the American Antiquarian Society. Hoving, Walter   1897-1988 Chairman Hoving Corporation, bought a controlling interest in Tiffany & Company (originated from New York) in 1955 and became it’s chairman. Hughes, Billy**     Australia’s Prime Minister Billy Hughes, Talked with Lloyd George, present at a 1918 Pilgrims dinner in 1918. Hughes, Charles Evans   1862-1948 Brown University and Columbia University, trustee Rockefeller’s University of Chicago, uncovered gas rate fraud in NY in 1905 and was appointed to investigate the insurance industry, governor of New York 1907-1910, declined vice-presidential nomination by William Howard Taft in 1908, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court 1910-1916, defeated by Woodrow Wilson in 1916 presidential race, favored the ratification of the treaty creating the League of Nations in 1920, Secretary of State under Warren G. Harding & Calvin Coolidge 1921–1925, served as a judge of the Permanent Court of Arbitration and the Permanent Court of International Justice in The Hague, The Netherlands in the second half of the twenties, president of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York 1927-1929, Chief Justice of the United States 1930-1941, led the fight against Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s attempt to pack the Supreme Court after they regarded the New Deal as unconstitutional. At a London Pilgrim meeting in 1924, Hughes was photographed sitting next to the Prince of Wales and the Duke of Connaught. Hyde, James Hazen   1876-1959 Harvard, vice president of Equitable Life Assurance Society 1899-1905, involved in an insurance scandal and fled to Versailles, France, co-founders Alliance Française, awarded the Grand Cross of the French Legion of Honor. Jackson, N. Baxter   died

Vanderbilt University graduate who became a trustee, chairman Chemical Bank in 1946, director American Chain & Cable Company, Home Life Insurance, French-American Banking Corporation, General Reinsurance Corporation, North Star Reinsurance, and Warner Lambert Pharmaceutical, member Newcomen Society. Jenkins, Roy Harris exec. committee 1920-2003 Baron, Labour minister in 1964, home secretary 1965-1967 and 1974-1976, chancellor of the Exchequer 1967-1970, president European Commission 1977-1981, co-founder Social Democratic Party, SDP member of parliament 1982-1987, chancellor Oxford University in 1982 and made a life peer, president of the Royal Society, minister of aviation, leader House of Lords. In 1997 he was appointed head of a commission, set up by the Labour government, to recommend, in 1998, a new voting system for elections to Parliament. Jenkins has contributed frequently to British newspapers and periodicals and is a distinguished writer whose biographical subjects have included Henry Asquith, Harry Truman, Clement Attlee, and Stanley Baldwin. Johnson, Joseph Esrey   1906-1990 Seems to have had a honorable grandfather, Johnson studied at Harvard University, where he earned his bachelor’s, master’s and doctorla degrees. His first teaching position was as a professor of history at Bowdoin College in 1934 and 1935. From there he moved on to Williams College in Massachusetts in 1936, where he was an assistant professor of history until 1947, and a full professor from 1947-1950. During the years from 1943-1947, however, Johnson was on leave from Williams College, and served in a variety of positions with the State Department and United Nations. Initially Johnson was appointed chief of the international affairs division in the State Department. While in this post, he played a role in the creation of the United Nations, attending both the Dumbarton Oaks Conference in 1944 as well as the San Francisco Conference in 1945. Johnson later served as an adviser to the U.S. delegation at the first U.N. General Assembly at Lake Success, New York in 1946, and assisted the U.S. representative to the Security Council, which met in London. Johnson returned to Williams College in 1947, yet his time in academia proved to be shortlived. In 1950 he was appointed to be a trustee, and then president, of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he was able to apply his growing expertise in the field of brokering peaceful solutions to international disputes. Although he served as a consultant at numerous international conferences, and was an alternate U.S. delegate to the United Nations General Assembly in 1969, he is perhaps best remembered for his role on the U.N. Conciliation Commission for Palestine in 1961. As part of the commission Johnson was named a special envoy, and traveled throughout the Middle East, meeting with various governments in search of a means of providing Palestinian refugees with a homeland of their own. Johnson’s final report recommended that refugees who were forced out of their homes by the 1948 war be allowed to return to their former homes in

Israel. However, neither side accepted Johnson’s proposals. Johnson was also a director of the Council on Foreign Relations between 1950 and 1974, Bilderberg visitor. Kahn, Otto Hermann   1867-1934 Born in Mannheim, Germany. Emigrated to U.S. in 1893, partner Kuhn, Loeb & Co., together with Jacob Schiff (later Pilgrim) and Paul Warburg (later Pilgrim), NY 1897-1934 and it’s main stockholder from 1908 and on. Chairman and president Metropolitan Opera Company of NY 1911-1931, trustee Carnegie Institute of Technology, director ItalyAmerican Society, director Council on Foreign Relations 1921-1934, Knight Order of Charles II, Order of the Crown (Italy), order of the Rising Sun, vice-president EnglishSpeaking Union. His attempt to become President of the English-Speaking Union was defeated by the timely exposure of his role in financing the Bolshevik revolution of 1917. His house was a meeting place for Soviet agents as Nina Smorodin, Claire Sheridan, Louise Bryant and Margaret Harrison. Kemmerer, Edwin Walter   1875-1945 Professor of Economics at Princeton University, president of the Economists National Committee on Monetary Policy in 1937, according to The Commercial & Financial Chronicle Kemmerer (1938) Kemmerer was one of 60 economics who signed a resolution at a summit against silver coinage, director of U.S. & Foreign Securities Corporation and U.S. & International Securities Corporation from 1947. He wrote more than a dozen books, the most well-known was “The ABC of the Federal Reserve System” (1918), which ran to twelve editions. Kennedy, Joseph Patrick   1888–1969 Harvard graduate. He engaged in banking, shipbuilding, investment banking, and motionpicture distribution before he served as chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission in 1934 and 1935, chairman U.S. Maritime Commission 1935-1937, U.S. ambassador to Great Britain 1937-1940, supported the overtures of the Chamberlain government to Hitler and was generally noninterventionist, informal adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, went back in (successful business after this) Knight of Malta, 2 of his 3 sons were publicly murdered. The last son is a member of the CFR. Kerr, Philip Henry   1882-1940 Served on various government commissions in South Africa and was a member of Viscount Alfred Milner’s (Rhodes trustee, Pilgrim & Committee of 300) “kindergarten” 1905-1910, co-founder and editor of a liberal scholarly journal called the “Round Table” 1910-1916, David Lloyd George’s private secretary 1916-1921, active at the Paris Peace

Conference of 1919, secretary of the Rhodes Trust since 1925, inherited the title of 11th Marquess of Lothian in 1930, represented the Liberal party in the National government as chancellor of the duchy of Lancaster 1931-1932, British Ambassador to the United States, chairman of the India franchise committee 1932, advocated appeasement of Nazi Germany until 1939 when he came round to a vigorous advocacy of resistance to Adolf Hitler, invited to a Pilgrim banquet held in his honor at Hotel Plaza, New York City, October 25, 1939. It is a custom that American Pilgrims welcome the new ambassador from Britian this way, and vice verse. Keswick, William Johnston   1903-1990 Governor Hudson’s Bay Company 1952-1965 (chartered in 1670 by Charles II of England), governor Bank of England as of the late 1960’s, director British Petroleum Sun Alliance, London Insurance, British Shipping Mission at Washington in WWII. Kirk, Grayson Louis vice-president 1903-1997 Advised the State Department on international politics in the 1940s, helped create the United Nations, professor Columbia University 1940-1949, provost Columbia University 1949-1953, president Columbia University 1953-1968 (successor to Dwight D. Eisenhower), trustee of Columbia University after 1968, appointed Bryce Professor of the History of International Relations during his Columbia presidency, director Council on Foreign Relations 1950-1964, president Council on Foreign Relations 1964-1971, in 1968 he made a strong and widely reported appeal to the government to get out of Vietnam as quickly as possible, vice-chairman Council on Foreign Relations 1971-1973. Kirk was the author of several works on international relations and was a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Philosophical Society and Phi Beta Kappa. He was president of the American Society of the French Legion of Honor and vice president of the Pilgrims of the United States (right from his Columbia University biography). He was a director or trustee of the Academy of Political Science, the Tinker Foundation, the Asia Foundation, the French Institute, the Institute of International Education, and of Consolidated Edison Company of New York, IBM and the Greenwich Savings Bank. Kirk received numerous international awards from universities and other institutions. Kissinger, Henry Alfred   1923-alive German born, came to the United States in 1938, has possibly been a member of the RIIA, served in the U.S. Army Counter Intelligence Corps 1943-1946, captain Military Intelligence Reserve 1946-1949, director Psychological Strategy Board 1952, consultant Operations Research Office 1951,member and director Faculty of Harvard University 1954-1971, consultant Operations Coordinating Board 1955, director Special Studies

Project for the Rockefeller Brothers Fund 1956-1958, consultant Weapons Systems Evaluation Group of the joint Chiefs of Staff 1959-1960, consultant National Security Council 1961-1962, consultant Rand Corporation 1961-1968, consultant United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency 1961-1968, consultant to the Department of State 1965-1968, Nixon’s National Security Advisor 1969-1973, Secretary of State 1973-1977, made two secret trips to China in 1971 to confer with Premier Zhou Enlai, negotiated the SALT I and ABM treaty with the Soviet Union, awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973, negotiated the end of the Yom Kippur War in 1973, said to have played a role in the 1973 Augusto Pinochet coup, regarded as something of a sex symbol during the high of his popularity, approved President Suharto’s invasion of East-Timor in 1973, director Council on Foreign Relations 1977-1981, chairman National Bipartisan Commission on Central America 1983-1984, appointed chairman of AIG’s advisory council in 1987, member Trilateral Commission together with other heads of Kissinger Associates (he is the founder), visitor of the Bohemian Grove (Mandalay), regular visitor of the Bilderberg meetings, director at Conrad Black’s Hollinger International Inc., member of J.P. Morgan International’s Advisory Council, member Atlantic Council of the United States, heavily involved in many scandals over the past 4 decades (although usually protected by Pilgrim magazines like the National Review) and picked as the initial head of the 9/11 investigation committee. Knight, Robert Huntington   alive Attorney Shearman & Sterling, chairman Federal Reserve Bank of New York 1977-1983, member Council on Foreign Relations, director National Leadership Bank, heir to the Whitney fortune, trustee Asia Foundation. Krech, Alvin W.   died Chairman Equitable Trust Co. in the 1920s, involved with financing Communism. Lamont, Thomas William chairman exec. committee 1870-1948 Harvard, reporter New York Tribune in 1893, secretary Bankers Trust Company 1903 -1904, vice-president Bankers Trust Company, partner J.P. Morgan & Co. 1911, representative of the United States Treasury at the WWI Paris peace talks in 1919, director of the First National Bank of New York, chairman J.P. Morgan & Company when Jack Morgan died in 1943, director U.S. Steel, A.T. & San Francisco Railway; International Agricultural Corporation, chairman International Consortium for Assistance to China, honorary chairman ssociated Harvard Clubs, arranged a $100 million loan to Mussolini in 1926. Has been described as one of the most influential persons of his time. Lamont, Gordon

  1893-dead Cousin of Pilgrims Corliss and Thomas Lamont, director Lamont, Corliss & Company 1925-1951, president of Dairy Industry Supply Association 1944-1946, director Dairy Society International, chairman Beryllium Corporation 1955-1958, director of Nestle, mayor of Jupiter Island, Florida, 1967-1977. Lamont, Thomas Stilwell   1899-dead Overseer of Harvard University, joined J.P. Morgan & Co. in 1922, vice chairman 1955 -1958, director Phelps-Dodge Corporation (the world’s number two leading producer of copper and molybdenum and is the world’s largest producer of continuous-cast copper rod), director International Minerals & Chemicals, director Texas Gulf Sulphur, director Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, trustee Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, president Phillips Exeter Academy 1946-1956. Lamont, Corliss (*may not have been a member, but certainly was as close as you can get)   1902-1995 Son of Thomas W. Lamont and younger brother of Thomas S. Lamont, leading SocialistCommunist in the United States, contributing editor to a publication called “Soviet Russia Today”, professor of philosophy at Columbia University 1928-1932, during the time when Pilgrim president Nicholas Murray Butler was also the president of Columbia university (who loved totalitarian systems), chairman Congress of American-Soviet Friendship, director American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), advisor to the American Humanist Association 1939-1941, instructor at the New School for Social Research 1940-1942 , member American Academy of Arts and Sciences, wrote “Russia Day By Day.”(1933), “You Might Like Socialism---A Way of Life For Modern Man.” (1939) and “I Want To Be Like Stalin” (1947), indicted for contempt of Congress in 1956, but was rescued by a United States Court of Appeals, member of the Foreign Policy Association and the American Association for the United Nations. He was accused by Senator Joseph McCarthy of being “un-American”. Lansing, Robert   1864-1928 His father-in-law was the grandfather of John and Allen Dulles, founded the American Journal of International Law in 1907 and remained an editor of it until his death, Secretary of State under Woodrow Wilson 1915-1920 , strong advocate of U.S. participation in World War I, nominal head of the U.S. commission to the Paris Peace Conference, did not regard the League of Nations as essential to the peace treaty and began to fall out of favor with Wilson, legal counsel to the Chinese Government, trustee of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Lavis, Fred   1864-1928 Married Blanche Biddle of Nicholas Biddle in 1902, U.S. president of International Railways of Central America in 1928. Lee, Ivy L.   1877-1934 newspaperman in New York City, lecturer London School of Economics 1911-1912, public relations expert and publicist for the Pennsylvania Railroad and for John D. Rockefeller Jr., working for Rockefeller he laid the foundation for Communist propaganda and is even said to have inspired Hitler and Stalin on this subject, made a 2-week trip to Russia on behalf of John D. Rockefeller in May of 1927, member of the Royal Economic Society, director Research Corporation 1925-1934. Lee, James E.   1906-died Son of Ivy L. Lee, member Royal Economic Society, chairman and CEO Gulf Oil Corporation, director Chevron. Joy Manufacturing Co., Pittsburgh National Bank, PNC Financial Corp., Gulf Canada Ltd., the American Petroleum Institute and West Penn Hospital, member Council on Foreign Relations. Leffingwell, Russell C.   1878-1960 Under Secretary of the Treasury, director and trustee Carnegie Corporation, present at the 1919 Versailles Peace Conference, director Council on Foreign Relations 1927-1943, vicepresident Council on Foreign Relations 1943-1944, president Council on Foreign Relations 1944-1946, chairman Council on Foreign Relations 1946-1953, senior partner J.P. Morgan & Company, chairman J.P. Morgan & Company 1948-1950, co-founder of the American-Australian Association in 1948, good friend of John Maynard Keynes, who he would receive at his Morgan office when Keynes visited the United States, director Council on Foreign Relations 1953-1960. Leslie, John Ethelbert   unknown Governor of the United Nations Association, director of the Foreign Policy Association, director of the France-America Society, chairman Bache Group, trustee of the Institute for International Education, recipient of decorations from Portugal, France, Austria and West Germany. Luce, Henry III president 1925-alive

Granson of the famous Henry Luce. The original Henry Luce was a Skull & Bones member, a media giant (owned Time, Fortune & Life Magazine together with House & Home and Sports Illustrated), and quickly bought and held on to the JFK Zapruder film. Time magazine covered Joseph R. McCarthy’s anti-Communist stories. Henry Luce III worked his way up in his father’s media empire and later inherited it. Director National Committee on U.S.-China Relations, director Foreign Policy Association, founding member American Council for the United Nations University, CEO & president Henry Luce Foundation 1958-1990, chairman Henry Luce Foundation 1990-2002, One of his forefathers and mothers arrived in China as educational missionaries. Maclamroc, James Gwaltney Westwarren exec. committee 1905-died Historian, attorney, colonel, North Carolina financier, broadcasting magnate, land baron, Order of the Crown in America, Society of Americans of Royal Descent, directed the design of the seal for his county (Guilford). Macomber, John Dewitt   1928-alive Married into the Morgan family, CEO and chairman Celanese Corporation, chairman and president of the Export-Import Bank of the U.S. (EXIMBANK)1989-1992, director of R.J. Reynolds Industries, Chase Manhattan Bank, member Atlantic Institute for International Affairs, member Atlantic Council of the United States, member Council on Foreign Relations. Mallory, Walter Hampton   1892-1980 Special assistant to the American ambassador in Petrograd (former capital of Russia) 1916 -1917, president of the China Institute in America 1943-1947, Rockefeller’s China Medical Board beginning in 1947 and on, director Council on Foreign Relations 1927-1959, director Council on Foreign Relations 1959-1968, decorated the Order of Pure Gold by China. Marburg, Theodore   1862-1946 vice-president of the Vanderbilt run American Economic Association, U.S. Minister to Belgium 1912-1914, big player in the formation of The League of Nations and wrote a bunch of books about it (starting in 1917), founded the American Society for the Judicial Settlement in 1920, trustee of Johns Hopkins University. Marcosson, Isaac Frederick   1876-1961 Well-known correspondent for the Saturday Evening Post 1907-1936, interviewed many

important people, wrote some 30 books, including “The Rebirth of Russia” and “The Business of War”, (both in 1917). Marshall, George Catlett   1880-1959 Virginia Military Institute, Kappa Alpha Order, Order of the Bath (Knight Grand Cross), USSR Order of Suvarov, Marshall wrote the document that would become the central strategy for all Allied operations in Europe, selected Dwight Eisenhower as Supreme Commander in Europe, and designed Operation Overlord, the invasion of Normandy. Throughout the remainder of World War II, Marshall coordinated all Allied operations in Europe and the Pacific. Unofficial ambassador (Truman representative) to China 1945 -1947, Secretary of State 1947–1949, received the Distiguished Achievement Award for his role as military leader in and after WWII (1948). After WW II he was sent to China to negotiate a truce and build a coalition government between the Nationalists and Communists fighting the Chinese Civil War. His efforts failed and he was recalled in January 1947. Secretary of Defense in 1950, but retired from politics for good in 1951 after Senator Joseph McCarthy implied he was a traitor and denounced him for making decisions that “aided the Communist drive for world domination”. He became president of the American National Red Cross in 1950 and received the Nobel Peace Prize 1953. Marshall Scholars are common among Pilgrims. Martin, Luther III   unknown Chemical, oil and gas tycoon, president Alumni Society of the University of Pennsylvania 1936-1938. Martin, William McChesney, Jr.   1906-1998 Chairman Export-Import Bank of the U.S., assistant Treasury Secretary, director World Bank, chairman Federal Reserve System 1951-1970 and reorganised the NY Stock Exchange. Director U.S. Steel, Freeport Minerals Company, Scandinavian Securities Corporation, Riggs National Bank, American Express, Caterpillar Tractor, Dow Jones & Company, Eli Lilly & Company, General Foods, and Royal Dutch Shell Petroleum. Trustee Yale University, member Atlantic Council of the United States, member Council on Foreign Relations. His father was a governor and president of the Federal Reserve Bank of of St. Louis and was summoned by Woodrow Wilson to establish the Federal Reserve Act of 1913. Martin, Alastair Bradley   unknown His mother was Helen Phipps, director Bessemer Securities Corporation, president

Regional Broadcasters Group. Maull, Baldwin   chairman of Marine Midland Bank, member of the council of the American Numismatic Society (1969) Mayer, John Anton   unknown Director General Motors, H.J. Heinz Foods, Armco Steel, Edgewater Steel, Westinghouse, Consolidated Coal Company, PPG Industries, Norfolk & Western Railway, Duquesne Light Company, Lincoln National Life Insurance, Pittsburgh Baseball Club and others. Owned First Boston Corporation, of which Pilgrim Society member, Mellon agent Emil J. Pattberg Jr. was chairman. McCloy, John Jay   1895-1989 Catholic, Harvard Law School 1921. As a lawyer he gained an international reputation when after a long investigation he fixed responsibility on the German government for the Black Tom munitions explosion in Hoboken, N.J., in 1917. Assistant Secretary of War in World War II 1941-1945 (recruted by Henry L. Stimson), helped write the Lend-Lease bill, opposed the “Morgenthau Plan” to de-industrialize Germany, served as chairman of the State-War-Navy Coordinating Committee, president World Bank 1947-1949 (without any experience in banking), U.S. military governor and high commissioner for Germany 1949 -1952, chairman Council on Foreign Relations 1953-1970, president Kennedy’s principal disarmament adviser 1961-1963, director Council on Foreign Relations 1970-1972, chairman Chase National Bank, Atlantic Institute for International Affairs, author of The Challenge of American Foreign Policy (1953) and The Atlantic Alliance (1969). McGarrah, Gates W.   unknown Chairman Chase National Bank until 1927, U.S. member of the General Council of the German Reichsbank until 1927, chairman Federal Reserve Bank of New York 1927-1930, first president of the Bank for International Settlements 1930. McHugh, Keith Stratton   unknown Related to the Aldrich damily, director National City Bank, Carrier Corporation, Dun & Bradstreet, Empire City Subway and American Telephone & Telegraph, trustee Carnegie Institution of Washington 1950-1974. Mellon, Andrew W.   1855-1937

Owned his father’s banking firm, father’s banking firm, T. Mellon & Sons, at age 27, helped organize Union Trust Company and Union Savings Bank of Pittsburgh in 1889, built a great personal fortune from oil, steel, shipbuilding, and construction. During the World War I years he participated in many patriotic civilian activities such as the American Red Cross, the National War Council of the YMCA, the Executive Committee of the Pennsylvania State Council of National Defense, and the National Research Council of Washington. He was U.S. Secretary of the Treasury 1921-1932, member Federal Reserve System 1921-1932, United States ambassador to Great Britain 1932-1933, director of 51 corporations and stockholder in more than 300 corporations, polluted the environment to the extreme, underpayed his imported workers tremendously, kept them in very unhealthy conditions and even had troublesome workers tortured and killed if necessary. As of 1928 armed private police forces watched over his mines. He was very close with the British royals. He was one of the few who held his own against the Rockefellers and J.P. Morgan. Mellon, Paul W.   1907-1999 Son of Andrew Mellon and the heir to his fortune, but didn’t spend much time in business, Scroll & Key, long-time neighbor of Averell Harriman (worked together with his son-inlaw), founded the Old Dominion Foundation which merged to become the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation, philanthropist, art collector and horse breeder, established the Yale Center for British Art. Metcalf, Bryce exec. committee unknown As of 1938, President General of the Society of the Cincinnati, which is very likely the American counterpart of English Order of the Garter or the Scottish Order of the Thistle. Milbank, Jeremiah   unknown Wealthy New York investment broker in the first half of the 20th century, director Chase National Bank of New York, director Equitable Trust Company, owner Southern Railway Co., trustee Georgia Warm Springs Foundation in 1934, partner in the New York law firm Milbank, Tweed, Hope, Hadley & McCloy. Miller, William Christian   unknown Reynolds Securities of New York. Milner, Alfred co-founder 1854-1925 Oxford, London journalist for a short time, private secretary to George Goschen

(chancellor of the exchequer) 1887-1890, undersecretary of finance in Egypt 1890-1892, wrote a book which argued for more British influence in Egypt 1892, became a viscount in 1902, high commissioner for South Africa and governor-general of Cape Colony from 1897-1905, supervised the destruction of Dutch settlers what led to the Boer war 1899 -1902, Secretary of War under David Lloyd George 1916-1918, worked together with the Warburgs, Schiffs, Rothschilds and other persons to foment the Russian revolution, Colonial Secretary 1919-1921, led a commission to Egypt that recommended Egyptian independence in 1920, trustee of Rhodes’ final will. The Round Table Group was unofficially named the Milner Group after Cecil Rhodes died. Moore, George Stevens   1905-2000 Yale, joined Farmers Loan and Trust Co. in 1927, which became First National City Bank of New York, which became Citibank, retired as chairman from Citibank in 1967, president New York Metropolitan Opera Association in 1967, author of “The Banker’s Life” (1987). In 1987 he was the chairman of Gibraltar Trust Bank Ltd. and director at Credit Suisse White Weld, Union Pacific Railroad, U.S. Steel, W.R. Grace and Mercantile Stores. Moore, Charles Garrett Ponsonby   1910-1989 11th Earl of Drogheda, descendant of the Earl of Drogheda, who was Queen Victoria’s private secretary for a quarter of a century. Married Paul Mellon’s stepdaughter Eliza, managing director Financial Times 1946-1971, chairman Financial Times 1971-1974. Morgan, John Pierpont   1837-1913 Son of the London-based Junius Spencer Morgan, who by 1854 became a London agent of George Peabody, who in his turn, was an agent of the London Rothschild family. In 1857 the Bank of England gives a loan to George Peabody and Company (to save it), while 9000 other companies are going down in a large financial crash. With this money G.P. & Co. buys up large amounts of dirt cheap securities and sells them at a later stage with enormous profits. In 1864, as Peabody retires, George Peabody & Company is renamed to Junius S. Morgan Company and Junius becomes a direct Rothschild agent. John P. was educated at the English high-school in Boston, and then studied for 2 years at the University of Goettingen, Germany. He returned to the United States in 1857, and entered the banking-firm of Duncan, Sherman and Co. of New York. In 1860 he became an agent and attorney in the United States for George Peabody and Co. of London, which relation he has since held with that firm and its successor. He became the junior partner of the banking-firm of Dabney, Morgan and Co. in 1864, and that of Drexel, Morgan and Co. in 1871 (both under the control of their London counterpart). This house is among the chief negotiators of railroad bonds, and was active in the reorganization of the West Shore

railroad and its absorption by the New York Central railroad. Morgan build a huge industrial empire, which could stabilize and destabilize the entire market. He was the first person to issue loans to the American Government, instead of the British, and by 1901 he had bailed out the American government 3 times. No other American businessman has ever come close to the influence of J.P. Morgan. A description of the interests of J.P. Morgan in 1901: “Besides his own private banking house here and its branches abroad, Mr. Morgan largely controls a powerful national bank in New York City-the National Bank of Commerce, of which he is the vice-president. It is known in Wall Street as “Morgan’s Bank.” He is a dominating influence in other banks and financial institutions, and a director never without much influence in twenty-one railroad companies, great and small, including the New York Central and Lake Shore systems. He is a director in the Western Union Telegraph Company, the Pullman Palace Car Company, the Etna Fire Insurance Company, the General Electric Company, the greatest electric company in the world, and in other less important corporations. And through his partners, who are directors in other railroad and steel corporations, his influence reaches far and wide. He is a potent, and in times of trouble the controlling, factor in several of what are known as the “coal roads” of Pennsylvania-the Erie, the Lehigh Valley, the Central of New Jersey, and the Reading, together with their tributary coal fields. He is the predominating influence in the Southern Railway and in three of its connections, the foremost railroad system of the Southern States, with over eight thousand miles of track, a system which he has created, and of which an associate and is president. He is also a power in many other railroads, as witness his recent appointment of the directors of the Northern Pacific Railroad, and his evident influence through J. J. Hill in the Burlington and Great Northern management. And, as I have already said, he is at present practically dictator of the vast steel interests of the country, through the United States Steel Corporation, and he controls at least one Atlantic steamship line.” Morgan, John Pierpont, Jr.   1867-1943 American banker and financier, the head of the Morgan investment banking house after the death of his father. He graduated from Harvard University in 1889 and became a member of his father’s banking firm, J.P. Morgan and Company, in 1892, working in the firm’s London branch for eight years. After that he went to New York. The Morgans had used their banks to gain control of a huge empire of industries, railroads, and insurance companies. They financed corporate mergers and in return gained major roles in the merged companies. One of the most important companies they controlled was U.S. Steel. J.P. Morgan was one of the main financiers of The American Liberty League, the main institute behind the 1934 fascist plot against FDR. Morgan, William Fellowes   1860-1943 Scientific interests, alumnus and trustee Columbia University, New York cold storage

tycoon, president National Society for the Prevention of Blindness in 1926 (S&B, Pilgrim William H. Taft is the honorary president), trustee Wells College for 26 years, chairman Wells College 1927-1940. Morgenthau Henry, Jr.   1891-1967 Studied architecture and agriculture for two years at Cornell University, neighbor and friend of FDR, appointed chairman New York State Agricultural Advisory Commission in 1929, appointed State Commissioner of Conservation in 1930 and directed a million-acre reforestation program, appointed to the Taconic State Park Commission, appointed chairman of the Federal Farm Board and Governor of the Farm Credit Administration in 1933, advisor to Roosevelt, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury 1934-1945. In 1944, he proposed the Morgenthau plan, under which post-war Germany would be stripped of its industry and converted into an agricultural nation. At the Bretton Woods conference in 1944, Morgenthau assumed a leading role in establishing post-war economic policies and currency stabilization. In July 1945, three months after the death of President Roosevelt, Morgenthau resigned as Secretary, but remained in office until President Truman’s return from the “Big Three” conference in Berlin. From 1947 until 1950, he was Chairman of the United Jewish Appeal, which raised $465 million during that time, and from 1951 to 1954, he served as Chairman of the Board of Governors of the American Financial and Development Corporation for Israel, which handled a $500 million bond issue for the new nation. Morrow, Dwight Whitney   1873-1931 Member of Simpson, Thatcher & Bartlett, with J.P. Morgan & Company 1914-1927, awarded the Distinguished Service Medal by General Pershing in 1919, ambassador to Mexico 1927-1930, delegate to the London Naval Conference 1930, U.S. Senator 1930 -1931, regent of the Smithsonian Institution, trustee of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, Amherst College, Union Theological Seminary, Russell Sage Foundation and the Commonwealth Fund, which was set up by the Harkness family of Pilgrim Society and the Standard Oil fortune. Morton, Levi Parsons   1824–1920 Calvinist indoctrinated, quite poor, entered the banking business during the Civil War (1861-1865) and became a prominent New York City banker. His company, through its London branch (Rothschild agent Junius S. Morgan sent him clients), was the financial agent of the U.S. government from 1873 to 1884. Elected to the U.S. House of Representatives from New York in 1879, driven the ceremonial first rivet into the Statue of Liberty when construction of the monument began in France in 1881, minister to France 1881-1885, Republican vice-president of the United States under Benjamin Harrison 1889

-1893, governor of New York 1895-1896. Morton, William H.   unknown Dartmouth College graduate 1932, helped out with Darthmouth Medical School’s financial trouble, Secretary of the Interior, president American Express Co., director of Crocker Bank (merged into London Midland Bank). Norman, Lord Montagu Collett   1871-1950 The only man in history who had both of his grandfathers serve as Governors of the Bank of England. His father was with Brown, Shipley Company, the London Branch of Brown Brothers. Norman was named to the Court of the Bank of England in 1907, had a nervous breakdown in 1912 and was treated by Carl Jung in Switserland. Governor Bank of England 1916-1944, participated in the secret meeting (or meetings) between him, Hjalmar Schacht (Reichsbank) and Benjamin Strong (Federal Reserve) in July 1927, close friends to both of these men, leading figure in establishing the Swiss Bank for International Settlements in 1931, involved with abandoning the gold standard in the United Kingdom in 1931. Northcliffe, Lord Alfred Harmsworth   1865-1922 Purchased the Evening News 1894, founded the Daily Mail 1896, warned for the first time that a future war with Germany was possible, editor New York World in 1900, founded The Daily Mirror 1903, baronet in 1904 after turning down an offer of knighthood, obtained the Sunday Observer 1905, purchased The Times 1908, in 1909 he employed a journalist to visit Germany and to write a series of articles on the dangers that the Germans posed to Britain, constantly attacked the government and Lord Kitchener (Freemason grand master), finally agreed to join the cabinet and take charge of all propaganda directed at enemy countries, called for Kaiser Wilhelm to be hanged and the imposition of severe financial penalties on Germany, during WWI. Ochs, Adolph Simon   1858-1935 Starting as a newsboy in Knoxville, Tenn., he became a printer’s apprentice, compositor, and, in 1878, publisher of the Chattanooga Times. In 1896 he acquired the then failing New York Times and made it one of the greatest newspapers in the world. He also controlled the Philadelphia Times and the Philadelphia Public Ledger, which he merged and in 1913 sold to Cyrus H. K. Curtis. From 1900 until his death he was a member of the executive committee and a director of the Associated Press. O’Conner, Sandra Day  

1930-alive Grew up on her family’s 198,000 acre cattle ranch, graduated from Stanford Law School 1952, Arizona assistant attorney general 1965-1969, senator from Arizona 1969-1974, trial judge 1974-1979, Arizona Court of Appeals 1979-1981, first woman Supreme Court Justice in 1981. Her husband is a visitor of the Bohemian Grove and stayed in the Pelicans camp. Odlum, Floyd Bostwick   1892-1976 Law school, assistant librarian, husband of aviatrix Jackie Cochran, founder and chairman Atlas Corporation 1923-1960, chairman Federal Resources Corporation 1961-1969, owner and chairman RKO Radio Pictures 1937-1948, chairman Consolidated Vultee Aircraft Corporation 1947-1953, owner Hidden Splendor (Uranium) Mining Company before 1955, director Office of Production Management 1941-1942, special adviser to the chairman of the War Production Board 1943-44, special adviser to the chairman of the Office of Price Administration 1940-44, owner Convair, Bonwit Taylor & Northeast Airlines, founder and chairman Arthritis and Rheumatism Foundation, president Hertz Foundation, trustee Lovelace Foundation, among the 10 richest men in the United States in 1932. Olin, John Merrill   1892-1982 Graduated from Cornell University with a B.S. in chemistry, chemical engineer for the Western Cartridge Company (became Olin Industries, Inc.) since 1913, became President of Olin Industries in 1944, upon the merger of the company with Mathieson Chemical Corporation in 1954 he became the new chairman, established the John M. Olin Foundation in 1952, inventor or co-inventor of 24 United States patents in the field of arms and ammunition manufacture and design and was responsible for numerous developments in ballistics, breeder of saddle and race horses as well as a trainer and breeder of champion Labrador retrievers, widely recognized as one of the country’s most active conservationists and led the effort to save the Atlantic salmon. Mr. Olin was a Trustee Emeritus of Cornell University and of Johns Hopkins University, a Life Trustee of Washington University, St. Louis, and an Honorary Director of The American Museum of Natural History. He was named the Charles F. Kettering Award recipient for 1968 by the George Washington University PTC Research Institute. He received the Chevalier de la Legion d’Honneur of France and the Grand Ufficiale-Ordine al Merito della Republica Italiana. O’Ryan, John F.   1874-1961 Enlisted in the army as a Private in 1897, became Major General in 1912, appointed by President Wilson as Major General of the National Army in 1917, Knight Commander, Order of St. Michael and St. George, Royal Victorian Order, Legion of Honor, and a few

other rewards. Otis, Norton   Founder Otis Elevator Page, Walter Hines   1855-1918 Educated at Trinity College (now Duke), Randolph-Macon College, and Johns Hopkins University studying Greek classics, editor of the St. Joseph Gazette, the Forum and Atlantic Monthly, partner in the publishing firm of Doubleday Page & Company (publisher), wrote “The Rebuilding of Old Commonwealths” (1902), founded and edited the “World’s Work” up to 1913, ambassador to Great Britain during World War I, urging an early United States intervention which improved the ties between the US and England (although Wilson didn’t approve). Page, Walter Hines II   1917-1999 Grandson of Walter Hines Page, director Kennecott Copper, director AT&T, director Merck & Company, vice-president, president, vice-chairman & chairman at J.P. Morgan & Company (retired in 1979), president, chairman & trustee Long Island Biological Association, director or trustee of the Foreign Policy Association, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory & New York Urban Coalition, trustee Carnegie Institution of Washington (1971-1979), member Council on Foreign Relations. Paley, William S.   1901-1990 Graduated from Western Military Academy in 1918, studied at the University of Chicago 1918-1919, University of Pennsylvania B.S. in 1922, served as colonel of the United States Army during WWII, deputy chief of the psychological warfare division of SHAPE (NATO), deputy chief of information control division of U.S. Group Control Council, Germany (USGCC), vice-president Congress Cigar Company 1922-1928, every executive position possible at CBS Inc.1928-1990, partner Whitcom Investment Company 1982-90, founder and director Genetics Institute 1980-1990, Thinking Machines Corp. 1983-1990, co-chair International Herald Tribune 1983-1990, president and director William S. Paley Foundation and the Greenpark Foundation, Inc., life trustee Columbia University 1950 -1990, chairman and trustee North Shore University Hospital 1949-1973, life trustee Federation Jewish Philanthropies of New York, director W. Averill Harriman Institute for Advanced Study of Soviet Union at Columbia University, member Commission for White House Conference on Education 1954-1956, chairman President’s Materials for Policy Commission, which produced “Resources for Freedom” 1951-1952, director, chairman and honorary member Resources for the Future 1952-1969, chairman New York City Task Force on Urban Design, which prepared “The Threatened City” report in 1967, member

Urban Design Council City New York 1968-1971, co-founder and director BedfordStuyvesant D and S Corp. 1967-1972, member Commission on Critical Choices for America 1973-1977, member Council on Foreign Relations, member Academy of Political Sciences, member National Institute for Social Sciences, member Royal Society of the Arts. As you probably expected, Paley was involved with the British Crown’s Tavistock Institute. Parker, Sir Gilbert   1862–1932 Canadian novelist, born in Ontario. His novels and collections of tales usually deal either with the history of Canada or with England and the empire. Among his works are Pierre and His People (1892), The Seats of the Mighty (1896), and The Promised Land (1928). He moved to England in 1889 and from 1900 to 1918 served in Parliament. Parsons, Sir Maurice Henry   unknown Joined the Bank of England in 1928, private secretary to Governor Montagu Norman at the Bank of England 1939-1943, U.K. executive director IMF 1946-1947, Director of Operations IMF 1947-1950, deputy chief cashier Bank of England 1950-1955, assistant to the governors of the Bank of England 1955-1957, executive director Bank of England 1957-1966, deputy governor Bank of England 1966-1970, knighted in 1966. Pattberg Emil J., Jr.   died Chairman First Boston Corporation (Has been rated as the world’s leading investment banking operation). Patterson, Ellmore Clark   1913-2004 Married Ann Hyde Choate of the Pilgrim Hyde & Choate families, WWII navy, joined J.P. Morgan & Company in 1935, finally became chairman J.P. Morgan & Company 1971 -1978, trustee Massachusetts Institute of Technology, life trustee University of Chicago, director Morgan Bank of Canada, Atchison Topeka & Santa Fe Railway, Schlumberger Limited (rival to Halliburton), Standard Brands Bethlehem Steel, International Nickel Co., Atlantic Richfield Oil Co., Nabisco Brands Inc., General Motors and Canada Life Assurance, member Presidential Commission on Financial Structure and Regulation 1970 -1972, member Council on Foreign Relations, involved with the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, treasurer and trustee Sloan-Kettering for Cancer Research around 1956 (together with Laurence Rockefeller, George Whitney and other heavy-hitters), member Investment Committee of the Committee on Scientific Policy around 1956 (together with Laurence Rockefeller). Patterson, Richard Cunningham Jr.

  1886-1966 Served in the army during WWI, started with the Du Ponts in 1921, delegate to Democratic National Convention from New York in 1928, joined National Broadcasting in 1932, chaired RKO Corporation 1939-1943, ambassador to Yugoslavia 1944-1947, Guatemala 1948-1951, Switzerland 1951-1953, director New Hampshire & Hudson Railroad, John C. Paige Incorporated Insurance Brokers, Hilton Hotels International, Empire State Building Corporation, General Dynamics, Burrus Mills, American Export Lines, Hidden Splendor Mining Company, Mercast Corporation, and Wah-Chang Smelting & Refining Company, director and first president of the China-America Council of Commerce & Industry. Patterson chaired the Military Intelligence Reserve Society in 1930 and received the Order of the Jade (China), in addition to many other international awards. He also chaired the United Nations Committee for the City of New York. Peale, Norman Vincent   1898-1993 Famous Protestant clergyman, pastor of Marble Collegiate Church for 52 years, Freemason and member of the Midwood Lodge No. 1062 (NY), wrote one of the best-selling books of the 1950s, “applied Christianity”, authored 45 other books (mainly about positive thinking) that still sell today, published the inspirational magazine ‘Guideposts’, controlled the megamillion dollar Presbyterian Ministers Fund. Penrose, Charles   born 1886 Protestant Episcopalian, founded the Pennsylvania Board of Health, president Philadelphia zoo, co-founder and chairman Newcomen Society, member English Speaking Union. Penrose Sr. and Penrose Jr. have presided over the Newcomen Society for 65 years since it’s founding in 1923. Penrose, Charles, Jr.   born 1921 Inheritor of a cotton, engineering, mining and power production fortune, chairman Newcomen Society (The logo is a lion with the wings of an eagle, again indicating Britain and the US), member English-Speaking Union. Penrose Sr. and Penrose Jr. have presided over the Newcomen Society for 65 years since it’s founding in 1923. Phelps-Stokes, James Graham   1872-1960 Yale, not Skull & Bones but many Phelps and Phelps-Stokes were, honorary councillor of the Russian Information Bureau in the United States 1917-1922, owned Austin Mining, Manhattan Silver Mine, Ione Gold Mining, Nevada Central Railroad, Nevada Motor

Lines, The Nevada Company and State Bank of Nevada, president of the Intercollegiate Socialist Society 1907-1918, member of the China Society of America, Royal India and Pakistan Society, Oriental Institute of University of Chicago, American Oriental Society, American Legion, Sons of the Revolution, Society of Colonial Wars and others. Member of the New York Governor’s Committee in 1921 to welcome to New York representatives of European countries to attend the International Conference on Limitation of Armaments, a forerunner of the S.A.L.T. talks. (Strategic Arms Limitation Talks) Phipps, Henry   1839-1930 Son of an immigrant cobbler, grew up with and befriended Andrew Carnegie, finally intermarried with the Carnegie family, partner in Bidwell & Phipps (agents for Dupont Powder Company) 1861, second largest stockholder of Carnegie Steel Company (became U.S. Steel after it was bought by J.P. Morgan), director U.S. Steel Corporation, founded the Phipps Houses Group in 1905, controlled Bessemer Securities Corporation, interests connected to Dillon Read & Company. Polk, Frank L.   1871-1943 Yale Scroll & Key 1894, partner Davis, Polk, Wardwell, Gardner & Read Law firm, Secretary of State, Counsellor of the Department of State, negotiator during and surrounding WWI with high level British and American officials (co-Pilgrims), present at the 1919 Versailles Peace Conference, director Council on Foreign Relations 1921-1943, vice-president Council on Foreign Relations 1940-1943, director Northern Pacific Railway Co. since 1938, director Bowery Savings Bank and Mutual Life Ins. Co. since 1939, director U.S. Trust Co. in 1939, member advisory committee of the Institute of Human Relations, contributed over $140,000 at death to the CFR. Preston, Lewis Thompson   1926-1995 Married Gladys Pulitzer in 1959, of the Pulitzer newspaper publishing fortune, director General Electric, trustee Foxcroft School, chairman of J.P. Morgan & Company 1980 -1990, president World Bank 1991-1995, member Council on Foreign Relations. In the 1981 Who’s Who he admitted his membership in The Pilgrims, but in the 1994 edition he went underground about it. (According to Charles Savoie) Putney III, William Beaumont   unknown Grandson of an influential banker, Vanderbilt associated law firm, director Genesee & Wyoming Railroad, director Yamaichi Securities (Japanese). Pyne, Percy Rivington II  

born 1882 Inherited a fortune, interests in National City Bank, Delaware & Hudson Railroad, Empire Trust, Farmers Loan & Trust, Princeton Bank & Trust, Commercial Trust, Delaware Lackawanna & Western Coal, New Amsterdam Gas, Morris & Essex Railroad, Syracuse & Binghampton Railroad, Lackawanna Steel, United New Jersey Railroad, East River Gas Company, Oswego & Syracuse Railroad and many others, trustee Princeton University. Pyne, Eben Wright exec.- committee unknown Executive with National City Bank of New York (Citigroup), director of Long Island Lighting, U.S. Life Insurance, City Investing Company and Home Insurance Company, director W.R. Grace & Company 1960-1995. Rabin, Charles H.   unknown unknown. Randolph, Francis F.   born 1889 Wall Street financier, Russell Trust Association. Ray, William F.   died 2001 Related to the Sturgis and Whitney families, advisor to the Australia and New Zealand Banking Group, partner Brown Brothers Harriman & Company, chairman AmericanAustralian Association 1984-1986, president American-Australian Association 1986-1988, patron American-Australian Association. Reading, Lord Rufus Daniel Isaacs   1860-1935 British statesman. Called to the bar in 1887, he achieved great success in his profession. He entered Parliament as a Liberal in 1904, became attorney general in 1910, and in 1912 was given a seat in the cabinet. Involved in charges of buying stock in the American Marconi Corp. while the government was contracting with the British branch of the firm, he was, however, exonerated and in 1913 was created lord chief justice. During World War I he served the government in financial operations, becoming (1915) president of an AngloFrench loan commission to the United States, where he subsequently served as special envoy (1917) and special ambassador (1918–19). In 1921 he was made viceroy of India at a time when the temper of the people, partly under the influence of Mohandas Gandhi and partly as a result of the massacre at Amritsar (1919), was roused against British rule. Faced with the passive resistance of the Gandhi adherents, Isaacs authorized the imprisonment of Gandhi and felt compelled to allow the hated salt tax. He returned to England in 1926 and

was created a marquess (having already been created in succession baron, viscount, and earl), but he was much criticized for his administrative acts in India. He was (1931) foreign secretary in Ramsay MacDonald’s National government. Reed, Philip Dunham   1899-1989 Electrical Engineering and law degrees, admitted to the New York State Bar Association 1925, patent counselor Van Heusen Company, deputy director Materials Division of the War Production Board 1942, working with other Pilgrims from General Electric. Reed was re-assigned to assist (Pilgrim) Averell Harriman as the Deputy Chief of the U.S. Mission for Economic Affairs in London in 1943, becoming chief of that mission with the rank of minister in October 1943, serving until January 1945. After leaving the U. S. Mission for Economic Affairs, Reed served as legal consultant to the U.S. delegation to the 1945 United Nations Conference on International Organization in San Francisco; this led to Reed’s long affiliation with the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC). He was a member of the ICC from 1945-1975; he served as president from 1949 to 1951. Reed headed the U.S. Mission on Anglo-American Council of Productivity, a Marshall Plan agency, established in 1948. Reed was vice chairman of the Business Advisory Council of the Department of Commerce (became the Business Council in 1961) from 1951 to 1952. He was also active in the Committee for Economic Development where he served as a trustee and a member of the Research & Policy Committee from 1946 to 1975. Reed acted as an Eisenhower Exchange Fellowships trustee from 1953 to 1975, serving as Vice Chairman from 1955 to 1975, and Chairman of the Finance Committee from 1956 to 1958. Reed also served as a Trustee of the Samuel H. Kress Foundation from 1960 to 1965, and as a Trustee of the Winston Churchill Foundation of the United States from 1970 to 1975. President and chief executive officer General Electric Company 1940-1942 & 1945-1959, chairman International General Electric 1945-1952, chairman Finance Committee and General Electric Pension Trust 1952-1959, member Committee on the University and World Affairs 1960, director Federal Reserve Bank of New York 1959-1960, chairman Federal Reserve Bank of New York 1960-1965, chairman Executive Committee of the International Executive Service Corps 1966-1974, director Council on Foreign Relations 1946-1969. Director of American Express, Bankers Trust Company, Bigelow-Sanford Inc., Cowles Communication, Kraftco Corporation, Otis Elevator, Metropolitan Life Insurance, Scott Paper, Tiffany & Co., U. S. Financial Inc., Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and the Ford Foundation, visitor Bohemian Grove 1966-1988, stood in contact with the American Ditchley foundation 1957-1986. Rehnquist, William   1924-alive Served in World War II from 1943 to 1946, working as a weather observer in North Africa, M.A. in political sciences at Stanford University 1950, active in the Republican Party and served as a legal advisor to Barry Goldwater’s 1964 presidential campaign, Chief Justice of

the U.S. Supreme Court in 1986, where he followed up Pilgrim Warren E. Burger. Reid, Whitelaw (Mills) exec. committee 1837–1912 American journalist and diplomat, managing editor New York Tribune in 1868. After Greeley’s death, Reid gained financial as well as editorial control of the paper and continued it as a leading journal of the nation. While publishing the Tribune, he was minister to France 1889-1892, was the Republican candidate for vice president in 1892, and was ambassador to Great Britain from 1905-1912. Reid wrote many books on war and foreign affairs. Reid, Ogden Mills   1882-1947 Publisher of the Republican and the New York Tribune, purchased the New York Herald and made it into the New York Herald Tribune, co-founder of the American-Australian Association in 1948 by a 1946 Inaugural Meeting at the University Club in New York. Reid, Ogden Rogers exec. committee 1925-alive Yale Book and Snake, owner New York Herald Tribune, chairman New York Herald Tribune 1953-1959, U.S. ambassador to Israel 1959-1961, House of Representatives1962 -1975, advisor to JFK, member Council on Foreign Relations. Reynolds, Richard S., Jr.   1908-1980 After a successful, but brief career in investment banking, Richard Jr. joined his father’s company in 1938. Under his leadership, Reynolds Corporation expanded tremendously, buying more government plants and establishing facilities across the globe in such countries as Jamaica, the Philippines and Venezuela. In 1948, assets were $114 million and reached a level of over $1 billion by 1963. Richard Jr. also was a chairman of Robertshaw Controls Company, which is/was very big in manufacturing car thermostats and other car parts, and a director of Central National of Richmond Corp. Rhinelander, Philip   unknown Seems to have been a very prominent person at the turn of the last century and attended parties with the Astors, Vanderbilts, Morgans and Rockefellers. William Rhinelander, a relative, left an estate valued at $50 million in 1907. That’s all I have. Rhodes, Cecil John   1853-1902 Moved to South-Africa for medical reasons. While Rhodes worked in the cotton fields, his

brother worked in Kimberly in a diamond mine. After some time, Herbert offered partnership to Rhodes in his mining company down in Kimberly. Rhodes accepted without regret. Rhodes used the money that he made from the diamond mine to pay for his education at the University of Oxford in England. Before Rhodes received his degree, he was elected to the Parliament of Cape Colony, in South Africa, where he had done some of his studying and research. Rhodes spent a long term serving on the parliament in Cape Colony, and was immediately elected to the prime minister of Cape Colony. In 1891, Rhodes and four colleagues founded the “De Beers Consolidated Limited Mining Company” in Kimberly , with capital of two hundred thousand dollars (funded by the Rothschild family). He monopolized the entire diamond industry, amassing a fortune for himself. In that same year, De Beers Mining Company became the largest mining company in the world. He also was the founder of the Round Table in 1891, which eventually led to societies as The Pilgrims. In a later stage of his life he became privy councilor and pretty much ruled over the whole of southern Africa. After his death, he donated his whole fortune to the creation of a secret society network, which was ment to absorb the wealth of the world and create a worldwide English speaking empire under British rule. Richardson, Frank W.   unknown radio station chain operator. Richardson, Elliot L.   1920-1999 Graduated from Harvard College in 1941, U.S. Army 1942-1945 (Purple Heart and participated in D-Day), graduated from the Harvard Law School in 1947, law clerk to Justice Learned Hand of the U.S. Court of Appeals and then to Justice Felix Frankfurter of the U.S. Supreme Court, associate and partner in the Boston law firm Ropes and Gray, assistant to Senator Leverett Saltonstall of Massachusetts 1953-1954, assistant secretary in the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare 1957-1959, U.S. attorney for Massachusetts 1959-1961, special assistant to the U.S. attorney general 1961, lieutenant governor 1965-1967, Attorney General of Massachusetts 1967-1969, under secretary of state 1969-1970, secretary of health, education, and welfare 1970-1973, Nixon’s Secretary of Defense for 4 months in 1973 (Nixon ordered Richardson to fire the Watergate Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox; Richardson refused this order and resigned), U.S. Attorney General 1973-1974, director Council on Foreign Relations 1974-1975, ambassador to Great Britain 1975-1977, secretary of commerce 1975-1977, ambassador at large 1977 -1980, special representative for the Law of the Sea Conference 1977-1980, partner with the law firm of Milbank, Tweed, Hadley and McCloy, spoke and wrote widely on national security and other issues. The Elliot L. Richardson Prize for Excellence in Public Service was established in early 2000 “to recognize extraordinary, sustained accomplishment and integrity in government service and to encourage achievement by future public leaders at the level Richardson demonstrated in service to his country.” They have a tendency to give

Pilgrims an award; Sandra Day O’Conner, Colin Powell, George Shultz (former Secretary of State), etc. Richardson, Lord Gordon   1915-alive Governor Bank of England 1973-1983, vice chairman Lloyd’s Bank, chairman J. Henry Schroder Wagg & Company of London 1963-1972, director J. Henry Schroder of New York, director Schroder Banking Corporation of New York, director Rolls Royce. In the 70s and 80s, he maintained a residence on Sutton Place in New York City, although he normally resided in London. Ridgway, Matthew Bunker   1895-1993 West Point graduate in 1917, supervised free elections in Nicaragua 1927, made assistant division commander and then commander of the 82d Infantry Division during WWII, with the 82d Airborne Division, Ridgway jumped with his men in the invasions of Sicily and France at the end of WWII, appointed commander of the Eighth Army in Korea during the Chinese invasion of North Korea 1950, replaced Douglas MacArthur (had some discussions with the “higher ups”) as commander of the United Nations forces in Korea and of the Allied occupation forces in Japan 1951, succeeded Dwight D. Eisenhower as supreme commander of the Allied Powers in Europe 1952-1953, a Pilgrim diner on 14 October 1952 was held in his honor, Army chief of staff 1953-1955, protested vigorously but unsuccessfully against the Eisenhower administration’s overall military policy, which emphasized air and atomic power at the expense of the army and navy, retired as a General in 1955, chairman Mellon Institute 1955-1960 (The institute merged with the Carnegie Institute in 1967). Roberts, Frederick Sleigh president 1832-1914 Became the 1st Earl Roberts of Kandahar. Joined the Bengal artillery in 1851, fought against the Indian Mutiny 1857–1858, where he earned the Victoria Cross. By 1875 he was quartermaster general of the Indian army and a strong advocate of the “forward” policy of controlling the Himalayan passes to forestall Russian encroachments; this became the general defensive policy of the British in India. He became a popular British hero for the relief of Kandahar in the second Afghan War 1878–1880. Roberts was made commander in chief of the Madras army in 1880 and of the entire Indian forces in 1885. In 1893 he returned to England and wrote his reminiscences, Forty-one Years in India 1897. He became field marshal in 1895. In 1899, when the English were meeting reverses at the hands of the Boers in the South African War, Roberts was appointed commander in chief and fought them. Aided by his chief of staff, Horatio Kitchener (Freemason grand master) Roberts reorganized the transport system, achieving a mobility that had been lacking. By late 1900 the war seemed near a successful conclusion, and Roberts was brought home,

awarded an earldom, and appointed commander in chief of the British army. His office was abolished in 1904, and thereafter he devoted himself to the advocacy of compulsory military service for home defense. Roberts was a Knight of the Garter. Robertson, Lord   1946-alive The Right Honourable Lord Robertson of Port Ellen has been the 10th Secretary General of NATO and Chairman of the North Atlantic Council since October 1999. He was Defence Secretary of the United Kingdom from 1997-1999 and Member of Parliament for Hamilton and Hamilton South from 1978-1999. George Islay MacNeill Robertson was born in 1946 in Port Ellen, Isle of Islay, Scotland, and educated at Dunoon Grammar School and the University of Dundee. He graduated MA (Honours) in Economics in 1968. He was a full time official of the General, Municipal and Boilermakers’ Union (GMB) responsible for the Scottish Whisky industry from 1968-1978. He was first elected to the House of Commons in 1978, and reelected five times. He was appointed Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for Social Services in 1979. After the 1979 General Election, he was appointed an Opposition Spokesman, first on Scottish Affairs, then on Defence, and on Foreign Affairs from 1982 to 1993. He became Chief Spokesman on Europe in 1983. He served as the principal Opposition Spokesman on Scotland in the Shadow Cabinet from 1993-1997. After the 1997 General Election, Prime Minister Blair appointed him Defence Secretary of the United Kingdom, a position he held until his departure in October 1999. In August 1999 he was selected to be the tenth Secretary General of NATO in succession to Dr Javier Solana. On 24 August he received a life peerage and took the title Lord Robertson of Port Ellen. He is a former Chairman of the Scottish Labour Party, was Vice-chairman of the Westminster Foundation for Democracy, served as Vice-Chairman of the British Council for nine years. He was, for seven years, on the Council of the Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House) where he now serves as Joint President. He is a Governor of the Ditchley Foundation and a Trustee of the 21st Century Trust. He was awarded the Grand Cross of the German Order of Merit by the Federal German President in 1991 and the Grand Cross of the Order of the Star of Romania in 2000, and was named joint Parliamentarian of the Year in 1993 for his role during the Maastricht Treaty ratification. He is Honorary Regimental Colonel of the London Scottish (Volunteers). He has been awarded Honorary Doctorates by the Universities of Dundee and Bradford, by Cranfield University (Royal Military College of Science), Baku State University, Azerbaijan, and the Romanian National School of Political and Administrative Studies, Bucharest. He is an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh (honFRSE), a Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts (FRSA) and an Elder Brother of Trinity House. He was appointed a member of Her Majesty’s Privy Council in May 1997. Robinson, Leland Rex   unknown

Member Near-East Relief Commission 1920, wrote ‘Investment Trust Organization and Management’ in 1926, vice chairman Economists National Committee on Monetary Policy, member Commission To Study The Organization Of Peace, member Enemy Alien Hearing Board 1943-1945, chairman and vice president Iran Foundation, together with Thomas W. Lamont, John Foster Dulles and Edward R. Murrow (did the most succesful attack on Joseph McCarthy via CBS) he was a trustee of the Institute of International Education, received the Royal Order of Homayun from the Shah of Iran, decorated the Order of the Brilliant Star by China. Rockefeller, John Davison, Jr.   1874-1960 First loan from National City Bank of Cleveland (Stillman, Morgan), Established Standard Oil Company in 1870, trustee of the China Medical Board, Rockefeller, Percy Avery   1878-1934 Nephew of John Davison Rockefeller, Yale Skull & Bones 1901, married Isabel Stillman, director of National City Bank, W.A. Harriman & Co., American International Corporation (AIG), New York Edison, Anaconda Copper Mines, Georgian Manganese Company, Guaranty Trust, Chile Copper Company, Atlantic Fruit Company, Bethlehem Steel, W.A. Harriman & Company, United States Realty & Improvement Company, Western Union Telegraph, Consolidated Gas, United Metals Selling Corporation, Remington Arms Company, North American Reassurance Company, Seaboard Finance & Investment, Cuba Railroad and dozens of other companies. Became a member of the Japan Society in 1926, lost a lot of money in the stockmarket crash of 1929, had to come before an investigating committee to answer charges of stock manipulation (exonerated) in 1932. In 1936, his son Avery Rockefeller establishes Schroeder, Rockefeller and Co. in partnership with the German-connected New York banking firm of J.Henry Schroder. Rockefeller, James Stillman   1902-2004 Yale, won a gold medal in rowing at the Paris Olympics of 1924, married Nancy Carnegie in 1925 (grand-niece of Andrew Carnegie), worked at Brown Brothers, joined the National City Bank in 1930, served in Airborne Command during WWII, president First National City Bank 1952-1959, chairman First National City Bank 1959-1967 (became Citibank, Citicorp, Citigroup, etc.) Rockefeller, Nelson Aldrich   1908-1979 Dartmouth College Psi Upsilon Fraternity, director Rockefeller Center 1931-1958,

coordinator Office of Inter-American Affairs 1940-1944, chairman International Development Advisory Board 1950-1951, chairman President’s Advisory Committee on Government Organization 1952-1958, Governor of New York 1959–1973, vice-president of the United States under Gerald Ford 1974–1977, chairman National Commission on Critical Choices for America, member Council on Foreign Relations, died in 1979 when he was with his mistress. Rockefeller, David   1915-alive Graduate of Harvard College and the University of Chicago (Ph.D. in 1940), heir to the Standard Oil fortune, officer Chase Manhattan Bank 1946-1981, chairman Chase Manhattan Bank Advisory Committee 1981-1999, director Council on Foreign Relations 1949-1970, chairman Council on Foreign Relations 1970-1985, founder of the Trilateral Commission in 1973, one of the most important members of the Bilderberg committee, visitor of the Bohemian Grove Stowaway camp, member American-Australian Association, honorary chairman Trilateral Commission, Americas Society, Council on Foreign Relations and Rockefeller University, member International Council of J.P. Morgan Chase, wrote ‘Unused Resources and Economic Waste’ (1940), ‘Creative Management in Banking’ (1964), and ‘Memoirs’ (2002), major shareholder in Atlantic Richfield Petroleum and International Petroleum Corporation (also a napalm manufacturer). David is the last of the “Fortunate Five” brothers. Winthrop died in 1972 after having been devastated by a chemotherapy procedure, John D. (the third) died in a 1978 car crash, Nelson died in 1979 in bed with his mistress, Laurence, who was heavily into ufo research, died in 2004 of natural causes. Coincidentally, the person Laurence was financing, Harvard professor John Mack, was run over by a car when visiting London just two months later. Laurence Rockefeller also led an effort from 1993-1996 to get the Clinton Administration to declassify all UFO information held by the government. David and Laurence were members of the Peace Parks foundation. Roosa, Robert Vincent   unknown Rhodes scholar, senior official of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York 1946-1960, undersecretary of the Treasury, authored ‘Monetary Reform For The World Economy’ (1965), partner in Brown Brothers Harriman & Company, director Council on Foreign Relations 1966-1981, frequent Bilderberg attendee, possibly a RIIA member, advisor to the International Finance Corporation, director American Express, Owens-Corning Fiberglass, Prudential Insurance and Texaco, chairman New York Stock Exchange Advisory Committee on the International Capital Market, chairman Brookings Institution 1975-1986, trustee National Bureau for Economic Research, president American Finance Association, member American Economic Association and the Royal Economic Society of London, governor of the United Nations Association, vice chairman of the Rockefeller Foundation, member Atlantic Council of the United States.

Root, Elihu   1845-1937 Hamilton College, Secretary of State under Theodore Roosevelt 1905-1909, senator 1909 -1915, present at the 1919 Versailles Peace Conference, enlarged West Point and establishing the U.S. Army War College, received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1912, second cousin twice removed of Henry Luce (Pilgrim and Skull & Bones). Roper, Elmo   1900-1971 In the 1920s he operated a jewelry store in Creston Iowa but was not very successful, public opinion analyst and early developer of modern opinion polls, director Ford Foundation’s Fund for the Republic 1952-1961, treasurer Atlantic Union Committee in 1960, gave speeches on globalism, director Encyclopedia Britannica. Rothschild, Nathaniel de   1840-1915 The man who was financing Cecil John Rhodes. Official bio: Nathaniel Mayer de Rothschild was the eldest son of Lionel and Charlotte de Rothschild and was born in London on 8 November 1840. He was a shy and reserved child, possessing few of the social skills of his siblings. Natty progressed to Cambridge after an education with private tutors, but he did not sit his final examinations. The time was not spent in vain: he joined the circle of friends of the Prince of Wales, the future Edward VII. He made a love match with his cousin, Emma Louise, whom he married in her home city of Frankfurt on 17 April 1867. The couple were both concerned with welfare issues for their employees at Tring, and in the wider world. Natty held honorary positions in virtually every institution of Anglo-Jewry. He showed a particular interest in housing in the East End of London, through the 4% Industrial Dwellings Company. Natty took over the senior partnership of the London House from his father who died in 1879. Under Natty, the bank made 70 loans, and was instrumental in establishing the Exploration Company to exploit new mining opportunities in the New World. Like his father, Natty was an MP, gaining Aylesbury for the Liberals in 1865. A baronet in succession to his uncle Anthony from 1876, Natty became the first Jewish peer in 1885, retaining his own name in his new title Lord Rothschild of Tring. Rusk, David Dean   1909-1994 Rhodes Scholar, entered the Departement of State 1942, assistant secretary of state for Far Eastern Affairs 1950-1952 and played a major role in the U.S. decision to take military action in the Korean War, president Rockefeller Foundation 1952-1960, Secretary of State under John F. Kennedy & Lyndon B. Johnson 1961–1969. He supported economic aid to underdeveloped nations, low tariffs to encourage world trade, and the 1963 nuclear test

ban treaty with the Soviet Union. A firm believer in the use of military force to prevent Communist expansion, Rusk strongly defended the Vietnam War. Following his retirement from public service, he taught international law at the University of Georgia 1970-1984. Russell, Lindsay   unknown Attorney who as a liaison front man for the Vanderbilts and Rockefellers founded the Japan Society in 1907, also co-founded the Pilgrims Society. Sarnoff, David   1891-1971 Born in Russia, studied electrical engineering at Pratt Institute, worked at Marconi Wireless Company 1906-1919, became chief radio inspector and assistant chief engineer, when Marconi was absorbed by Radio Corporation of America (RCA) in 1919-1921, vice president and general manager 1922-1929, president RCA 1930-1947, chairman RCA 1947-1970. Oversaw RCA’s manufacture of color television sets and NBC’s color broadcasts (corporate headquarters at Rockefeller Center). Received 27 honorary degrees, including doctoral degrees from Columbia University and New York University. The Sarnoff Corporation is the successor organization to the David Sarnoff Research Center and the RCA Laboratories in Princeton, New Jersey. Satterlee, Herbert vice-president 1863-1947 He married Louise Pierpont Morgan, daughter of J.P. Morgan, in 1900. Professionally, he was a successful lawyer, specializing in corporate and commercial law, and a senior law partner at Satterlee, Canfield and Stone. He was also a writer, contributing to newspapers and magazines as well as authoring several books, including a biography of his father-inlaw, entitled J. Pierpont Morgan: An intimate Portrait, 1837-1912. Mr. Satterlee also wrote words for several songs, including “Autumn Leaves” and “Above the Shimmering Sea”. For nearly four years after purchasing Sotterley, Mr. Satterlee did little by way of restoring the property. Instead he embarked upon a major research process. J.P. Morgan himself sent the men; architects, artists, landscape gardeners, foresters, farmers, road builders and wharf builders to research, overhaul, and eventually restore the plantation. Satterlee was an avid yachtsman. Herb Satterlee III is CEO and president of GIS developement and spent 19 years with The Boeing Company, holding senior management positions on programs such as Teledesic, UK/ROF AWACS (international defense) and the B-1 Bomber Simulator (United States defense). (atm not 100% sure it’s a grandson) Schiff, Jacob Henry   1847–1920 American banker and philanthropist, born in Frankfurt, Germany and lived together with the Rothschild family in the “Green Shield” house. He emigrated to the United States in

1865 and became a partner in Kuhn Loeb & Co. in New York City. His partners are Paul Warburg (later Pilgrim) and Otto Kahn (later Pilgrim). In 1875 he married the daughter of Solomon Loeb (Nina), who headed the firm. At the age of 38 he was head of the banking house of Kuhn, Loeb and Company. Schiff became associated with E. H. Harriman (will intermarry with the Rothschild family) in notable contests with the house of Morgan for control of Western railroads. His numerous philanthropies included the endowment of the Jewish Theological Seminary, the Montefiore Home, both in New York, and a museum at Harvard. Schiff participated in the 1910 Jekyll Island meeting, where a plan was put together to establish the Federal Reserve; a company later to be dominated by the same Pilgrims. Jacob Schiff has been instrumental in financing Trotsky and the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917. He and Paul Warburg have sponsored Trotsky with millions of dollars.It seems they also took care of the safe passage of Trotsky and 275 revolutionairs from New York to Europe. Schiff, Mortimer L.   unknown Son of Jacob H. Schiff, scouting fanatic, art collecter, director Kuhn, Loeb & Co., which is said to have bankrolled Stalin’s first “five year plan”. Schiff, John M. treasurer 1904-1987 In 1934, he married (Pilgrim) George F. Baker Jr.’s daughter, who sat on the board of The Birth Control Federation of America, together with Carola Warburg Rothschild and Mrs. William K. Vanderbilt. In 1942 it was renamed to Planned Parenthood Foundation of America; it’s board was filled with Pilgrims members or the wives of Pilgrims members (Vanderbilt, du Pont, Lamont, etc). John M. Schiff was senior partner and later chairman of Lehman Brothers Kuhn Loeb Company, member Council on Foreign Relations, confirmed his father’s Bolshevik financing. Schiff, David T.   unknown Yale, director Crown Life Insurance of Toronto and Lehman Brothers, managing partner Kuhn, Loeb & Co., chairman Wildlife Conservation Society (you’ll find names like Phipps, Astor, Rockefeller, Pyne, Baker III, Cullman, Hearst, multiple Schiffs and multiple Goulds on the board). Andrew Schiff, a son of Jacob Schiff, is married to Karenna Gore, a daughter of former U.S. Vice President Al Gore. The father of Al Gore was an associate of Communist agent Armand Heimer (Hammer), whose father was the founder of the American Communist Party. As you can read above, David Schiff’s forefather financed the Bolshevik revolution of 1917. Schwab, Charles M.   1862-1939

President of the Carnegie Steel Company and, after J.P. Morgan had taken it over, president of United States Steel Corporation. After personality conflicts at U.S. Steel, he left to take over and remake another steel company, Bethlehem Steel Co., which he incorporated in 1904. In 1908, Bethlehem Steel began producing the beam that revolutionized building construction and made possible the age of the skyscraper. It also made Bethlehem Steel the second-largest steel company in the world. Schwab was a notorious gambler, union buster and businessman of dubious ethics. During World War I, Schwab supplied the British with just about anything they could pay for. To circumvent U.S. neutrality laws, Schwab shipped goods to Canada; they were sent across the Atlantic from there. He sold 65,000 tons of American rails to the Russian government for use on the Trans-Siberian Railroad. Schwab clinched the deal by bribing the mistress of the Grand Duke Alexis Aleksandrovich with a $200,000 necklace. A gambler with flair, Schwab’s trips to Monte Carlo made him an international celebrity. The stock market crash of 1929 wiped out Schwab financially. He died bankrupt on Sept. 19, 1939. But World War II, which began a few weeks before his death, made his holdings worth millions -- a fitting end to the man Thomas Edison once called the “master hustler.” Scott, Harold B.   unknown Deputy Assistant Secretary of Commerce, who lead a mission to Poland, Romania, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Bulgaria in the sixties, to increase peaceful trade. Chairman U.S.-U.S.S.R. Trade & Economic Council 1973-1978, chairman Overseas Private Investment Corporation, associated with the Pfizer pharmaceutical fortune, member Council on Foreign Relations. Scribner, Charles (IV) Jr.   1921-1995 Chairman Charles Scribner’s Sons book publishing company 1952-1984, which had been founded by his great-grandfather, personal editor of Ernest Hemingway’s works, president American Book Publishers Council, trustee Princeton University. Sherfield, Lord Roger Makins   1904-1996 United Kingdom representative on United Nations Interim Commission for Food and Agriculture 1945, minister at the British Embassy in Washington 1945-1947, alternate delegate to the fifth session of the U.N.R.R.A. Council, Atlantic City 1946, assistant Under Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs 1947-1948, deputy Under Secretary 1948 -1952, British ambassador to Washington 1952-1956, endowed the Marshall Scholarships with a sub-set called the Sherfield Fellowships. Sherrill, Charles Hitchcock   1867-1936

Trustee New York University, ambassador to Turkey 1932-1933, wrote the books ‘’Have We A Far Eastern Policy?’’(1920) & ‘’Prime Ministers and Presidents’’ (1922), decorated by Italy, France, Belgium, Yugoslavia, Sweden, Austria, Hungary, Holland, and Czechoslovakia. Shields, William exec. committee unknown   Simmons, J. Edward   unknown President Board of Education in the 19th century, president New York Stock Exchange in the 19th century, president Fourth National Bank, president PPR Co., president Water Supply of the City of New York until 1908, president Chamber of Commerce since 1908, attended a February 1908 Pilgrims dinner. As president of the Fourth National Bank he gave a (Pilgrims?) dinner on December 12, 1900, which was attended by J.P. Morgan (Pilgrim) and Charles M. Schwab (Pilgrim). It was at this dinner that Morgan decided to buy Carnegie Steel, of which Schwab was president, and to bring it together with his own steel interests into United States Steel Corporation. Simon, William Edward   1927-2000 Deputy Secretary of the Treasury 1973-1974, Treasury Secretary 1974-1981, chairman President’s Oil Policy Committee February to December 1973 (oil crisis started in October), administrator Federal Energy Office since December 1973 and was charged with the responsibility of minimizing the effects of the energy crisis and preventing future crises (decided the oil prices and the distribution), together with Pilgrim Henry Kissinger he was the most important speaker of the 1974 International Energy Conference, chairman Economic Policy Board since 1974, chief spokesman of the Ford Administration on economic issues since 1974, chairman East-West Foreign Trade Board since 1975, was a COMEX governor in January 1980. Director of Citigroup, Halliburton, Power Corporation of Canada, United Technologies, Xerox, INA Corporation, Dart Industries, Heritage Foundation, Hoover Institution, and John D. MacArthur Foundation. Simon also served as Treasurer of the U.S. Olympic Committee from 1977 to 1981 and as President for the four-year period, which included the 1984 Games in Sarajevo and Los Angeles. He chaired the U.S. Olympic Foundation, created with the profits of the Los Angeles games, from 1985 through 1997, and was inducted into the U.S. Olympic Hall of Fame in 1991. Simon was a Knight of Malta and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. Sowden, William   1858–1936 Born in Canada, american parents. After serving with the Atlantic and Pacific fleets, he

was (1897-1900) naval attaché in Paris and St. Petersburg. While in Europe he sent numerous reports to the Navy Dept. urging the adoption of new ship designs and gunnery, and in 1902 he wrote to President Theodore Roosevelt criticizing the inefficiency of the navy. His letters had some effect and he was ordered to Washington, serving (1902-1909) with the Bureau of Navigation and (1907–9) as naval aide to the President. After leading (1913-1915) the Atlantic torpedo flotilla he was appointed (1917) rear admiral and president of the Naval War College. In World War I he commanded (1917-1918) U.S. operations in European waters. He again became president of the Naval War College in 1919 and served there until 1922, when he retired. He was made full admiral by act of Congress in 1930. He wrote, with Burton J. Hendrick, “The Victory at Sea” (1920). Sloane, John   1883-1971 Yale Skull & Bones 1905, vice-president Presbyterian Hospital. Smith, Olcott Damon   1907-2000 Yale and Harvard law school, partner Day Berry & Howard law firm in 1936, employee Office of General Counsel of the U.S. Navy during WWII, joined Aetna Life & Casualty Co. vice chairman in 1962, chairman Aetna Life & Casualty Co. 1963-1972, , member legal team during the construction of the Millstone Nuclear Power Complex in Hartford, director and chairman of the Greater Hartford Process Inc. (foundation). Sparks, Sir Ashley   unknown Director and chief of Cunard White Star Line, his daughter married Pilgrim son Harry P. Davison. Sir Ashley went to meet with King George V in 1932 to ask him is he could name one of the cruise ship of his company “Victoria”, after a former Queen of England. (although it became the Queen Mary) This is the same company who had built the Mauretania and the Lusitania with the financial backing of the British government. Speyer, James Joseph   1861-1941 Eldest son of German banker Gustav Speyer, joined his father’s banking house Speyer & Co. and was employed in London and Paris, senior member New York branch of Speyer & Co. in 1900, which became Lazard Speyer-Ellissen a few years later, director Bank of Manhattan Trust Company, trustee Guaranty Trust/Central Trust (in 1908), associated with the Warburgs, Schiffs, Whitneys, etc, elected a trustee of the Museum of the City of New York in 1923. Spitzer, Eliot   unknown

unknown Sprague, Robert Chapman   1900-1991 Invented the tone control for radio while serving in the Navy, founder (in 1926) president chairman and treasurer Sprague Electric Company, oversaw construction of the aircraft carrier U.S.S. Lexington (laid down by Morgan’s Bethlehem Steel Co. in 1941), chairman Industry Advisory Committee on Electronic Components and Parts 1944-1945, consultant on continental defense to the National Security Council 1954-1958, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston 1955-1960, chairman MITRE Corporation (supposed location of the JASON Group) 1969-1972, trustee Northeastern University and Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Life Member Emeritus of the MIT, member Hudson Institute, member Council on Foreign Relations, member Newcomen Society. Spring-Rice, Sir Cecil Arthur   1859-1918 agent of King George V. Spring-Rice attended Eton and Balliol College, Oxford, and served in the War Office and Foreign Office, and as Earl Granville’s private secretary. He became the British Chargé d’Affaires in Tehran in 1900, and British Commissioner of Public Debt in Cairo in 1901. He went on to serve in St. Petersburg, Russia (1903), Persia (1906), Sweden (1908), and as ambassador to the United States (1912-1918). Sproul, Allan   1896–1978 Son of a Scottish immigrant, studied at the University of California, joined the Federal Reserve banking system, president Federal Reserve Bank of New York 1941-1956, director Wells Fargo Bank, director Kaiser Aluminum & Chemical Stetson, Eugene W.   1882-1959 (No confirmation that he was a Pilgrim, but it’s very hard to image he was not a member. His son was a confirmed member.) Born in a prominent New York area banking family, went to Mercer University for two years, clerk American National Bank in Macon 1901, helped organize the Citizens National Bank in 1908 and became its president, member of a group which bought Coca-Cola Company from the Asa Candler family in 1919, director Beekman Street Hospital of Manhattan in 1925 (board filled with Masons and Pilgrims), director Guarantee Trust 1928-1941 (together with Prescott Bush), vice-president Guarantee Trust 1941-1944, chairman Guaranty Trust 1944-1947, financial advisor to Guaranty Trust after that, together with Henry Clay Alexander of J.P. Morgan he arranged the merger of the Guaranty Trust Company of New York with J.P. Morgan & Co. 1958, advisor to New York City Cancer Committee (with a Lazard Frères president and William Donovan of the OSS) in 1946, president of the Council for Heart Diseases in 1946, asked

by Averell Harriman to become a director of Illinois Central Railroad in 1932 and later became it’s chairman, his son (Jr.) became a member of Skull & Bones in 1934, joined Brown Brothers Harriman (with Prescott Bush) an Skull & Bones. Stetson, Eugene W., Jr.   unknown Yale Skull & Bones 1934, joined the family’s firm Stetson & Company, assistant manager Brown Brothers Harriman of New York (together with Prescott Bush), director Chemical Bank, organized the H. Smith Richardson Foundation (said to have financed a part of the MK-Ultra project). Stewart, James C.   unknown James Stewart & Company, which was involved in many large construction project including the Savoy Hotel in London (1889), where the Pilgrims would often meet. Also built the Mormon’s capital building in Salt Lake City. Stillman, Chauncey D.   died 1989 Georgia resident who build an estate on his 1200 acres of land, loved nature, from a very wealthy family, treasurer Catholic Art Association, founder (1939) and long time chairman of the Homeland Foundation (for preserving nature and preserving individual rights) Stimson, Henry Lewis   1867-1950 Yale Skull & Bones 1888, joined a law firm headed by Elihu Root in 1891, U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York 1906, Secretary of War 1911-1913, joined the military during WWI and fought as an artillery officer in France, governor-general of the Philippines 1927-1929, opposed the independence of many nations because they were not able to govern themselves, Secretary of State under Herbert Hoover 1929-1933, chairman U.S. delegation to the London Naval Conference 1930-1931, chairman U.S. delegation to the Geneva Disarmament Conference 1932, Secretary of War under FDR 1940-1945. Strathcona, Lord Donald Alexander Smith   1830-1914 Made a fortune, many times over, from investments in land, railways, and banking. He joined the Hudson’s Bay Company in 1838, attained the rank of chief factor in 1862, was the company’s land commissioner in Manitoba 1870-1874, one of the principal financiers of the Canadian Pacific Railway, major shareholder in Northern Pacific Railroad (together with Pilgrim James J. Hill), major investor in the Bank of Montreal, represented Selkirk, Manitoba in the House of Commons 1871-1880, knighted in 1886, MP for Montreal West 1887-1896, raised to the peerage as Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal in 1897, co-

founder of the London Pilgrims 1902, British High Commissioner in Canada. He is possibly best known for equipping and maintaining the celebrated cavalry unit known as Lord Stathcona’s Horse during the Boer War (1899-1902). He also promoted educational causes. He was a generous patron of McGill University in Montreal, he founded the Royal Victoria College for women, and was rector and chancellor of the University of Aberdeen. Strathcona’s philanthropy, educational interests and imperial enthusiasms converged in 1909 when he established the Strathcona Trust, an endowment intended to promote military drill and physical training in the public schools of Canada. The physical education curriculum in many provinces, including British Columbia, originated with programmes funded by the Strathcona Trust. Strong, Benjamin, Jr.   1872-1928 Embarked on a financial career in 1891 with Cuyler, Morgan and Co., assistant secretary Atlantic Trust Co., secretary Bankers Trust Co. of N.Y. 1904-1909, vice president Bankers Trust Co. of N.Y. 1909-1914, president Bankers Trust Co. of N.Y. since 1914, first president/governor NY Federal Reserve Bank 1914-1928 and was of course a close friend and associate of co-Pilgrim and Bank of England governor Montagu Norman. He met in secret with Montagu Norman and Hjalmar Schacht (president Reichsbank) in July 1927. Stuart, Sir Collin Campbell   1885-1972 Made a Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire in 1918 when co-Pilgrim Lord Northcliffe was made a Viscount. In February, 1918, the (English) Prime Minister made Northcliffe director of Propaganda in Enemy Countries with Campbell Stuart as his deputy. Managing director of the Times (of Lord Northcliffe) 1919-1923. He later relinquished this position with the Times to become an ordinary director and in 1923 became the representative of the Canadian Government on the Pacific Cable Board. Linking Canada, Australia and New Zealand, this cable had been laid in 1902 across the Pacific Ocean and passing only through British territory was jointly owned by the respective governments. He did well in the job but was not happy at the increasing competition of wireless and cable and he recommended to the Government that the question should be considered by an Imperial Conference. As a result an Imperial Wireless and Cable Conference was set up in London in January, 1928, with Campbell Stuart appointed to represent the Canadian Government. One of the resulting recommendations was to form an Imperial Communications Advisory Committee, to oversee in certain respects the new private corporation that was to come into being, the Cable and Wireless Company, of which Campbell Stuart became Chairman. The role of Campbell Stuart, when asked to set up a propaganda organisation, immediately prior to World War Two, is related in the Department Electra House text and when he resigned from that position he resumed duties with the Imperial Communications Advisory Committee, which was renamed the Commonwealth Communications Council and met in London in April, 1944,

with Campbell Stuart as Chairman. As one of the considerations, when Cable and Wireless was nationalised, in 1945, feeling his usefulness was now at an end Campbell Stuart then resigned. Amongst many other appointments he remained an active director of the Times until 1960. Studd, Sir Kynaston   1858-1944 Royal descent, confidant of the Duke of Westminster (Grosvenor family), Order of the British Empire, president The Polytechnic, Lord Mayor of London 1928-1929 (Which is something different than the normal mayor of London), provincial grand master in Freemasonry 1934-1944. Sunderland, Edwin Sherwood Stowell   1887-1964 Member of Davis, Polk & Wardwell, his daughter Dorothy Joan married co-Pilgrim Charles Scribner Jr., director Jekyll Island (Georgia) Club where the Federal Reserve conspiracy took place, governor Union club (an important New York City club), director Morningside Heights Incorporated, United States Trust Company of New York, BerwindWhite Coal Mining, Illinois Central Railroad, Harriman, Ripley & Company, Missouri Pacific Lines and other companies. Swope, Gerard   1872-1957 Engineer, businessman, and public official, born in St Louis, Missouri, USA. He joined Western Electric Co (1895) and became vice-president (1913) in charge of domestic sales and international operations, reorganizing Western Electric’s foreign interests. A parallel concern of his was social justice, and in 1897–9 he lived and worked at Hull House in Chicago, marrying a social worker who also worked there. In 1919 he joined General Electric as the first president of its subsidiary International General Electric, where he promoted international corporate support for European reconstruction following World War 1. As president of General Electric (1922), with Owen D Young chairing the board, he recognized a corporation’s responsibility to its employees, customers, and the industry. His ‘new capitalism’ vision, called the Swope Plan (1931), became the basis for the National Industrial Recovery Act of 1933, and he helped implement the New Deal. He headed community chest campaigns, founded the National Health and Welfare Retirement Association, and, retiring in 1939, chaired the New York City Housing Authority. His causes included co-operative housing, health insurance, and Zionism. In 1951 he chaired the Institute of Pacific Relations. Taft, William Howard   1857-1930 Son of the co-founder of the Yale Skull & Bones Society, himself Skull & Bones 1878,

Cincinnati Law School 1880, member Ohio Superior Court 1890-1892, solicitor general of the United States 1892-1900, Governor of the Philippines 1901-1904, Secretary of War 1904-1908, President of the United States 1909-1913, Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court 1921-1930. Taft, Henry Waters   1859-1945 Son of the co-founder of the Yale Skull & Bones Society, brother of William H. Taft, Yale Skull & Bones 1880, supposedly a famed New York lawyer, six year president of the Japan Society in the 1920s, awarded the Japanese Order of the Rising Sun. Taylor, Sir John Wilson   unknown Knight of the British Empire, member of the management of the American Officers Club. Taylor, Myron C. exec. committee 1874-1959 Admitted to the bar in 1895, spent much of his early career in the textile business, operating mills in New England and elsewhere until 1923, at the behest of J.P. Morgan he became a director of United States Steel Corporation, chairman finance committee United States Steel Corporation 1927-1934, chairman United States Steel Corporation 1932-1938, personal representative of the U.S. President to Pope Pius XII 1939-1950, personal representative of the President on Special Missions 1950-1952, member Knights of Malta, member Knight Order of Pius, member Knight Grand Cross of Saints Mauritius and Lazarus. Taylor gave funds to the Episcopal Diocese of New York, director Council on Foreign Relations 1943-1959. Thayer, Walter Nelson   unknown Whitney agent and director of Bankers Trust Company of New York, director of National Dairy Products Corporation, member of the Lend-Lease Administration in 1941-1942, assistant to Averell Harriman 1941-1945. Thomson, Lord Roy Herbert   1894-1976 1st Baron Thomson of Fleet, Freemason, owned 56 American newspapers and also the London Times. director of Reuters. Thomson, Kenneth Roy   1923-alive 2nd Baron Thomson of Fleet, Canada’s wealthiest man, added the prestigious Globe and

Mail in Toronto to The Times and Sunday Times in Britain and The Jerusalem Post in Israel. Under Kenneth Thomson, who owns a 73-per-cent stake in the company, Thomson Corporation sold its North Sea oil holdings and sold The Times to Rupert Murdoch’s News Corporation and the Jerusalem Post to Conrad Black’s Hollinger Inc. Tiarks, Henry Frederick   unknown Banker, his daughter was Henrietta Joan Tiarks, who married Henry Robin Ian Russell, the 14th Duke of Bedford and the Marquess of Tavistock. Both were into horse breeding and racing. Tillinghast, Charles C. Jr.   1911-1998 Graduated from Columbia Law School in 1935, after he graduated he joined the law firm of Hughes, Schurman and Dwight of New York, vice president of Bendix Corp., trusteeappointed president of Howard Hughes’ Trans World Airlines 1960, later sued by Howard Hughes who charged Tillinghast and others of conspiring against him in an effort to wrestle Trans World Airlines from him. Didn’t work out that well for Hughes. Tillinghast became chairman of TWA and remained that until 1976, became vice chairman of White, Weld and Co. in 1976, chancellor Brown University 1968-1979, vice-president Merrill Lynch, director Seaboard Surety Company, director Merck & Company. Townsend, Lynn Alfred   1919-alive Business executive, born in Flint, Michigan, USA. A University of Michigan MBA, he worked for accounting firms before joining Chrysler Corp as comptroller (1957). He rapidly moved into Chrysler’s international operations, becoming president and chief executive officer (1961-1966), and chairman and chief executive officer (1967-1975). Trevor, John B.   unknown Partner in investment firm Trevor & Colgate of New York, which was established in 1852. Both Trevor and Colgate were rich men at the time. Tuckerman, Eliot hon. treasurer born 1872 Introduced the game of golf to Stockbridge (N.Y. state), together with Joseph H. Choate Jr. (son of a Pilgrim and Rockefeller attorney), lawyer, member New York State Assembly in 1918, member New York Bar 1918-1919. Twain, Mark   1835-1910

Mark Twain (pseudonym of Samuel Langhorne Clemens) was an American writer, journalist and humorist, who won a worldwide audience for his stories of the youthful adventures of Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn. Clemens was born on November 30, 1835 in Florida, Missouri, of a Virginian family. He was brought up in Hannibal, Missouri. After his father’s death in 1847, he was apprenticed to a printer and wrote for his brother’s newspaper. He later worked as a licensed Mississippi river-boat pilot. The Civil War put an end to the steamboat traffic and Clemens moved to Virginia City, where he edited the Territorial Enterprise. On February 3, 1863, ‘Mark Twain’ was born when Clemens signed a humorous travel account with that pseudonym. In 1864 Twain left for California, and worked in San Francisco as a reporter. He visited Hawaii as a correspondent for The Sacramento Union, publishing letters on his trip and giving lectures. He set out on a world tour, traveling in France and Italy. His experiences were recorded in 1869 in The Innocents Abroad, which gained him wide popularity, and poked fun at both American and European prejudices and manners. The success as a writer gave Twain enough financial security to marry Olivia Langdon in 1870. They moved next year to Hartford. Twain continued to lecture in the United States and England. Between 1876 and 1884 he published several masterpieces, Tom Sawyer (1881) and The Prince And The Pauper (1881). Life On The Mississippi appeared in 1883 andHuckleberry Finn in 1884. In the 1890s Twain lost most of his earnings in financial speculations and in the failure of his own publishing firm. To recover from the bankruptcy, he started a world lecture tour, during which one of his daughters died. Twain toured New Zealand, Australia, India, and South Africa. He wrote such books as The Tragedy Of Pudd’head Wilson (1884), Personal Recollections Of Joan Of Arc (1885), A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court (1889) and the travel book Following The Equator (1897). During his long writing career, Twain also produced a considerable number of essays. The death of his wife and his second daughter darkened the author’s later years, which is seen in his posthumously published autobiography (1924). Mark Twain was present at a February 1908 Pilgrim dinner in New York, as reported by the New York Times. (The newspaper wrote a huge amount of articles about him) Tweedy, Lawrence   unknown Chairman American Club (in London), Vance, Cyrus Roberts   1917-2002 Yale Scroll & Key 1939 (studied law), married Grace Sloane (Pilgrims daughter), president of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York, director IBM, the New York Times Co., and Lehman’s One William Street Fund. Vance’s law firm of Simpson, Thacher & Bartlett had long served as general counsel for Lehman Brothers, Manufacturers Hanover Trust Co. and Coca Cola Co. Along with social scientist Daniel Yankelovich, Cyrus Vance founded Public Agenda in 1975 (did a lot of research on the Soviet Union) and served as

chairman of the board for many years. Became Secretary of State 1977-1980, deputy secretary of defense and secretary of the Army under Presidents Kennedy and Johnson, participated in diplomatic missions to Bosnia, Croatia, and South Africa in the 1980s and 1990s, clashed frequently with hawkish National Security Advisor (and CFR director) Zbigniew Brzezinski over the approach towards Russia, director Council on Foreign Relations 1968-1973 & 1981-1985, vice-chairman Council on Foreign Relations 1973 -1976 & 1985-1987, chairman American Ditchley Foundation 1981-1994 (director before that), chairman Japan Society 1985-1993, vice-chairman and chairman Rockefeller Foundation, chairman Federal Reserve Bank of New York 1988-1990, headed the U.N. mission to negotiate an end to the violence that erupted after the dissolution of Yugoslavia 1991-1992, co-chairman Carnegie Commission on Preventing Deadly Conflict 1994, trustee The Mayo Foundation, member Trilateral Commission, sometimes he went to the Bilderberg Meeting. Vanderlip, Frank Arthur   1864-1934 Member American Eugenics Society, U.S. Department of the Treasury 1897-1901, studied extensively the European public and private financing systems during 1901, president National City Bank 1909-1919 (first bank to go along with the Federal Reserve James Stillman of the Pilgrims family was chairman at that time), Jekyll Island meeting 1910, founder American International Corporation (AIC) 1915-1937, trustee Carnegie Corporation of New York, director Riggs National Corporation, director Union Pacific Railroad. Vokey, Richard Snow   unknown Vice chairman of Hill, Samuel & Company, member of the council of the Ditchley Foundation. Volcker, Paul A.   1927-alive President Federal Reserve Bank of New York 1975-1979, chairman Federal Reserve System 1979-1987, director Council on Foreign Relations 1975-1979 & 1988, chairman Trilateral Commission, financial economist Chase Manhattan Bank, U.S. Treasury Department, chairman Wolfensohn & Co, member advisory board of Power Corporation (Mega huge Canadian holding company –former Maurice Strong employer – Power Corp has controlling stake in Bertelsmann AG), member Circle of Presidents RAND Corporation, which means he has donated at least tens of thousands of dollars if not millions, trustee International Accounting Standards Committee, chairman Independent Inquiry Committee into the Oil-For-Food program, which also employed Rockefeller’s granddaughter, attorney Miranda Duncan, president World Bank since 2005, chairman board of trustees Group of Thirty (2005).

Vreeland, Edward Butterfield   1856-1936 Studied law, admitted to the bar in 1881, became president of the Salamanca Trust Co. (later First Tier Bank & Trust) in 1891 and remained active until his death at the company, congressman 1899-1913 and worked together with the heavily corrupt Nelson Aldrich in establishing the Federal Reserve, vice chairman National Monetary Commission 1909 -1912, chairman Committee on Banking and Currency in 1913 when the FED finally was established. Vreeland, Herbert Harold   unknown Brother of co-Pilgrim Edward Butterfield Vreeland, chairman Welfare Department of the National Civic Federation, president of the New York City (something). Wrote some books and papers in the first half of the 20th century. Warburg, Paul Moritz president 1868–1932 Partner of the German-Jewish Warburg banking house (said to have originated in Italy) M.M. Warburg and Co. in 1895, came to the U.S. in 1902, became a partner of Jacob Schiff and Otto Kahn in Kuhn Loeb & Company and teamed up with Senator Aldrich to set up the Federal Reserve Bank (all these names were Pilgrims), went to the Jekyll Island meeting 1910, naturalized citizen in 1911, member Federal Reserve Board of Governors 1914-1916, vice chairman Federal Reserve Board of Governors 1916-1918 (resigned after investigation revealed that his brother was at the head of Germany’s secret service and after it had been proven that he was affiliated with the Communist Party), Order of the British Empire, director Council on Foreign Relations 1921-1932. Ward, George Gray   died Vice-president and General Manager of Commercial Cable Company in the early 20th century. It was laying down the first international phone lines. Ward, Harry E. exec. committee born 1879 chairman of Irving Trust Company, director American Enka Corporation, F.W. Woolworth Company, Union Dime Savings Bank and J. Walter Thompson Company (advertising), trustee National Industrial Conference Board, trustee Alfred P. Sloan Foundation. Ward was an advisor to the American Institute of Banking, 1936-1939.

Seemingly another Harry Ward: Methodist clergyman, founder and chairman of the ACLU 1920-1940, chairman American League for Peace and Democracy 1934-1940, openly communist. (1873-1966) Warren, Louis Bancel   unknown Director of Chrysler, trustee Homeland Foundation, director English Speaking Union, president American Ditchley Foundation. Watson, Thomas J. Jr.   1914-1993 Eldest son of Thomas J. Watson, the founder of IBM, known to have struggled throughout his life with depression, earned a business degree from Brown University in 1937, and worked a few years as an IBM salesman. In May of 1956 Watson Jr. was named CEO of the company. Only six weeks later his father died. Thomas Jr. took the single biggest risk in IBM’s history when he decided to make all of its previous computer software (and hardware, for that matter) obsolete, by developing a uniform range of new IBM mainframe computers. The new machines were compatible within the range—i.e., they could run the same software and use the same peripherals—but incompatible with the former mainframes. The new series, called the System/360, almost completely bankrupted the entire company; its highly successful launch in 1964 was called by Fortune magazine “IBM’s $5 Billion Gamble”. That same year, because of this success, Dwight D. Eisenhower at the New York World’s Fair awarded Thomas J. Watson Jr. the Medal of Freedom, the highest award a U.S. President can bestow on a civilian. Watson was CEO of IBM from 1956 to 1971 and became a US ambassador to the Soviet Union 1979-1981. He also was a trustee of the China Institute and was called by Fortune Magazine “the most successful capitalist who ever lived” (1976) He was a member of the Bohemian Grove (Mandalay camp), the 1001 Club and the Council on Foreign Relations. Watson, Arthur K.   unknown Younger brother of Thomas Watson, Jr., president IBM World Trade Corp., vice-president Far East-America Council of Commerce & Industry, chairman International Chamber of Commerce 1967-1969, became ambassador to France in 1970. Webster, Bethuel M.   unknown President Association of the BAR of New York 1952-1954, Partner of Webster Sheffield Fleischmann Hitchcock & Chrystie, senior partner Webster Sheffield law firm, trustee Ford Foundation and chairman Finance Committee of the Ford Foundation at least during the sixties (working with all kinds of heavyweights), appointed by president Johnson in 1965 to resolve a crisis between British Honduras and Guatamala, member Lawyers Committee

on Supreme Court Nominations in 1968, had a talk with Columbia University about the Carnegie Corporation, chairman Drug Abuse Council in 1980, member Council on Foreign Relations. Wheeler, Joseph   1836-1906 West Point 1859, rose during the American civil war from a (Confederate - Southern) first lieutenant to a lieutenant general, longtime congressman from Alabama after the war, donned the blue as a major general of volunteers in the war with Spain in 1891. Wheeler, Post   1869-1956 Secretary at the embassy in Petrograd (st. Petersburg) 1909-1911, ambassador to London and Tokyo. White, James G.   unknown Founder and chairman of J.G. White Engineering Corporation, involved with the American-Russian Industrial Syndicate Inc. (money came from the Guggenheim Brothers) to help the Bolshevik’s economy in 1919. In 1930 the company was sent to Ethiopia by the US government to conduct a survey on a possible future project, involved with building an aeronautical research and development center at Langley at the brink of WWII, involved with business in China together with the Morgan Company around 1946. Little info available for such a large international firm, but one it’s board members was coPilgrim Thomas W. Lamont. Whitman, Charles S. exec. committee 1868-1947 Freemason, Republican Governor of New York 1915-1918, president American Bar Association. Whitney, Eli (Debevoise)   1899-1990 Son of Thomas Debevoise (associate of Winthrop Aldrich) and Anne Whitney of the Whitney branch of the Standard Oil fortune, Yale 1921, trustee of Rockefeller University since 1954, trustee of the William Nelson Cromwell Foundation, trustee of Sullivan & Cromwell, director of the Bank of New York, Saint Joe Minerals, Westvaco Corporation, director of the International Commission on Jurists and was a delegate to many annual meetings over the entire world, chairman of the Enemy Alien Hearing Board in New York City 1942-1945, member Council on Foreign Relations. Whitney, John Hay vice-president

1904-1982 Grandson of Secretary of State John Hay, Son of Payne Whitney (1876-1927) (Skull & Bones 1898), he himself Scroll & Key, partner in Selznick International Pictures (1935) with David O. Seznick (brings Hitchcock to the US), Ambassador to Great Britain 1957 -1961, had a Medical Library named after him, acquired control of the New York Herald Tribune in 1958 and served as its publisher from 1961 to 1967, owned Whitney Communications, J.H. Whitney & Company and Whitcom Investment Company, international polo star, Broadway and Hollywood financier, served as an intelligence officer during World War II and ended up in a POW camp for 18 days, established the John Hay Whitney Foundation in 1946, became a leading thoroughbred horse breeder and collector of art, became a force in Republican politics in the post-war years. Elected to Yale Corporation in 1955 and gave $30 million to Yale over next 25 years, trustee of the Carnegie foundation, member of the New York Banking Board in the 1960’s, chairman of Freeport Sulphur Company, director Great Northern Paper Company, served as ambassador to Great Britain from 1957 to 1961 after donating $47,000 to Ike. Chairman of the English-Speaking Union (1961). While Ambassador to Britain, Whitney set up a press service in London called Forum World Features, which published propaganda furnished directly by the CIA and the British intelligence services. In 1967 an expose in the NY Times revealed that the John hay Whitney Trust for Charitable Purposes had been used a conduit for CIA funds. Prominent member of what Ike called “the military-industrial complex.” Estimated personal worth: $200-$300 million. Total benefactions: $50 million. Inherited $20 million trust from his Father and was left $20+ million in his mother’s will. Captain Vincent Astor was his Brother-in-law. Received the Order of the British Empire, major heir to the Standard Oil fortune, member Council on Foreign Relations. Wickersham, George Woodward   1858-1936 U.S. Attorney General under William Howard Taft 1909-1913, head Selective Service for New York district 1917-1918, co-founder of the large law firm Cadwalader, Wickersham & Taft (of the Skull & Bones family), trustee University of Pennsylvania 1920-1926, president American Law Institute 1923, chairman National Commission on Law Observance and Law Enforcement 1929, chairman executive committee of the FranceAmerica Society, member Council on Foreign Relations. Wiggin, Albert Henry   1868-1951 Head Chase National Bank and involved with Adams Express Company, has been involved with companies as American International Corporation; American Express Company; American Locomotive Company; American Railway Express Company; American Sugar Refining Company; American Surety Company; American Woolen Company; Armour & Company; Astor Safe Deposit Company; Brooklyn-Manhattan Transit Company; Chase-Harris Forbes Corporation; Chase National Bank; Chase

Securities Corporation; Coca-Cola Company; Duquesne Light Company; Discount Corporation of New York; Fidelity Phoenix Fire Insurance Company; General Shareholding Corporation; Great Falls Power Company; Greenwich Guaranty Safe Deposit Company; Greenwich Savings Bank; Greenwich Trust Company; Hudson & Manhattan Railroad Company; Inspiration Consolidated Copper Company; Interborough Rapid Transit Company; International Agricultural Corporation; International Motor Company; International Paper Company; Lawyers Title & Guaranty Company; Lawyers Trust Company; Mack Trucks Incorporated; Mercantile Safe Deposit Company; Metropolitan Life Insurance Company; Montana Power Company; Montreal Locomotive Works Limited; Newmont Mining Corporation; New York Clearing House Building Company; New York, New Hampshire & Hudson Railroad Company; New York Rapid Transit Company; New England Steamship Company; Otis Elevator Company; Pacific Coast Company; Philadelphia Company; Pittsburgh Utilities Corporation; Rail Joint Company; Selected Industries Incorporated; Stone & Webster Incorporated; Western Union Telegraph Company; Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company; UnderwoodElliott Fisher Company; and Williamsburg Power Plant Corporation. Williamson, Frederick E. exec. committee 1876-1944 Railroad executive, president Burlington system in 1929, president New York Central 1931-1944. Wilson, Carroll L.   1932-1983 Assistant to the president of MIT, vice president and director of National Research Corporation, first General Manager of the Atomic Energy Commission, president of Climax Uranium Company, vice president and general manager of Metals and Controls Corporation, conducted some environmental investigations and was involved with the Club of Rome 1972 “limits to growth” report, director Council on Foreign Relations 1964 -1978, vice-chairman Council on Foreign Relations 1978-1979, Rockefeller fortune representative. Wolfe, Henry Cutler   1898-1976 Wrote “The Imperial Soviets” (1940). He was with the American Relief Administration in Russia in 1922, another front for assisting the Bolsheviks. Wolfe was a contributor to Harper’s magazine, Saturday Review, New York Times, Wall Street Journal and others. Woods, George Donald   1901-1982 Director of the Chase International Investment Corp., director, chairman and consultant First Boston Corporation, president World Bank 1963-1968, member Rockefeller

Commission Report (to solve the problem of overpopulation) 1970, member Chatham House. Woolley, Clarence Mott   1863-1956 Family an inheritor of the Van Rensselaer land fortune dating to 1630, president of Morgan financed American Radiator Corporation 1902-1924, vice-chairman of the War Trade Board in 1917, chairman New York Federal Reserve 1922-1936, board member of General Motors, General Electric director, director Council on Foreign Relations 1932 -1935 Worcester, Robert M. chairman alive President of the World Association for Public Opinion Research, founder (1969) and chairman of MORI, which is a highly respected British polling company with associated companies in Europe, Australia, Asia, and Latin America, described as an “anglophile American” who was born in Kansas but heads the British Pilgrims (in 2005). He is author or co-author of more than a dozen books, is a regular contributor to newspapers and magazines, and as Visiting Professor of Government at LSE, speaks not only with his pollster’s expertise, but as a political scientist and internationalist, frequently appearing on American and Canadian radio and television. He is a governor of the English-Speaking Union and a trustee of the Magna Carta Trust. He is a freeman of the City of London and a governor of the Ditchley Foundation, and he was a member of the Fulbright Commission. He has been awarded Knight Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire and has been advisor to two prime ministers. He is president of ENCAMS, an environmental charity, a vice president of Royal Society for Nature Conservation/Wildlife Trusts, of the United Nations Association and of the European Atlantic Group. Sir Robert is a trustee of Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust and a former trustee of Worldwide Fund for Nature. Wrench, Sir Evelyn   1882-1966 Founder of the English Speaking Union of the Commonwealth (1918) and of the U.S. English Speaking Union (1920), founder of the Overseas League, honored by the Newcomen Society and possibly a member. Wright, Joshua Butler   1877-1939 Counselor at the American embassy in Petrograd (former capital of Russia) in 1916, secretary of the American delegation at the Opium Conference at The Hague in 1913, U.S. Commissioner at the Brazilian Centennial Exposition in Rio de Janeiro in 1922, secretary of the U.S. delegation to the 5th International Conference of American States in Santiago,

Chile, in 1923. Wriston, Henry M. president 1889-1978 President Brown University 1937-1955, trustee Carnegie Endowment for International Peace 1943-1954, director Council on Foreign Relations 1943-1950, vice-president Council on Foreign Relations 1950-1951, president Council on Foreign Relations 1951 -1964. Wriston, Walter Bigelow   1919-2005 Officer of the State Department, served 4 years in the Army during World War II, three of them as the commander of a Signal Corps unit in the Philippines, chairman Citibank/ Citicorp 1970-1984, director Council on Foreign Relations 1981-1987, director of General Electric, Rand Corporation, Chubb Corporation (insurance), United Meridian Corporation, Fremont Group, York International, ICOS Corporation, AEA Investors, Sequoia Ventures and others. Young, Owen D. exec. committee 1874-1962 Member Yale Institute of Human Relations, decorated the Order of the Rising Sun by Japan 1921, chairman General Electric 1922-1939, director Federal Reserve Bank of New York 1923-1940, chairman International Chamber of Commerce 1925-1928, director Council on Foreign Relations 1927-1940, chairman Federal Reserve Bank of New York 1938-1940, chairman committee on the Inquiry into the Character and Cost of Public Education of New York 1934.

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