All Accidents are Caused
Most Accidents are Caused by the
Unsafe Acts of People
Unless Accident Causes are
Eliminated they will happen again
Preventing Accidents involves
All Injuries can be Prevented
Everyone is Responsible for Safety.
Safety cannot be Delegated
Safety is Part of Job Performance
Safety is Part of our Business
The Supervisor is the Key Man in
A Safe Organization is a Well
Sound Safety Policy
Safety to be a line management
3. Competent Safety Advisors.
4. High well understood safety standards.
5. Techniques to measure safety
6. Realistic Safety targets and objectives.
7. Audits of safety standards and
8. Effective safety training.
9. Thorough Accident Investigation and
follow up of incidents.
' . Effective motivation and
''. Control of sub-contracted work.
Safety policy should be concise & easily
All injuries can prevented.
Line management is responsible for
All operating exposures can be safe
Safety has equal priority.
Training people to work safely is essential.
Prevention of accidents is good business.
Working safely is condition of Employment.
The safety policy is set at top and is binding
Policy is concise and easily understandable.
Copy of policy is issued to all subcontractors.
Policy is discussed during induct
Safety responsibility of all levels of personnel is made
available in the job description issued to all
Main construction supervisors, who are in right place
at right time with matching authority and expertise, are
to ensure safe working at site.
Training and motivating workers for safe working is
supervisor¶s responsibility & must be held
Poor safety performance is investigated and corrective
action by means of further training or changing of job
Safety is one of the subjects of performance
appraisals and safety performance should affect the
Visit work sites and talk. Also initiate safety
inspections and discuss safety performance with
follow up visits.
Incidents/accidents/near misses should come first to
the notice of the line supervisor who is responsible for
the work at the site.
Supervisor to react to safety reports and suggestions
but should insists that standards are enforced.
Follows up safety training of staff.
Preparing safety plans specific to the
activities being carried out under the
scope of work.
Guiding site management in effective
management of Health, Safety &
Measuring safety performance against
Keeping safety Record & Filling Return
to Management & Govt. authorities.
Acting as focal point for safety training
Carrying out planning Inspections and
audits along with the line management.
Planning & carrying out Emergency
Devising in house safety training
programs specific to project site needs.
Conducting safety meeting to make
employees aware of safety
Organizing safety propaganda and
safety promotional activities.
Participate in sub-contractor assessment
and Monitor their Safety performance.
Standards are critical to observance
Comprehensive standards to cover
all mandatory safety requirements.
Specific to the project under
Method statement prepared for all
multi-discipline activities & explained
to concerned work force.
Issue working guidelines & codes of
practices along with Design
Level of standard to be achieved is
agreed by all.
Appropriate authority to approve and
control the issue & circulation of
Hazard Register containing simplified
hazard Analysis sheet for all common
Variance procedure, Annual review
and controlled amendments.
Topics from Manual taken for
discussion during safety meetings
and tool ± box talks.
New employees are given Safety
Induction and job specific training on
Vehicle and equipment standards are
set understood and implemented in
Plan for Audit and Number of Audits to be
Plan for Emergency exercises and it¶s
Number of site visits for checking Unsafe
Accidents ± Lost time Injury rate for
execution till date.
Time between two L.T.Is in a department.
Reporting of Near ± miss situations at site.
Achieving Milestone of Completion of
Contract without L.T.I.
Completions of Million Man-hours on long
term contracts and comparable standards.
Comparison of Accidents in the previous
year or previous contract, category wise.
Generation of suggestions on Safety from all
concerned and implementation of the
Project specific Safety plans drawn for each
These safety plans to state objectives and
The targets to be set for
TRFC-Total recordable case frequency rate.
Journey Management Rate
Type & Frequency of Safety Inspection.
Type & Frequency of Safety Audits.
Type & Frequency of Safety meeting.
Type & Frequency of Emergency exercises.
Safety Training In-house & Outside.
Project positive things to do & not negative
Incorporate Active/Passive & Qualified
Tasks-Actions to reach end-state ± Active.
Objectives ± Desired end-state ± Passive.
Targets ± Progress in reporting period ±
Audit schedules to be covered in the
project-specific Safety Plan when
Audit Procedure properly laid out with
notice of subject and dates of audit.
Audit conducted as per proper checklist.
Audit checklist for management ±system
audit and for important operations.
Corrective Action reports to be issued for
each serious non-compliance.
C.A.Rs to be seriously attended and
closed out with the agreement of
Internal & External Technical audits.
Audit CARs to be reviewed by senior
management for satisfactory
Audit of subcontracted work is
No one to start the work without
knowing the safety aspect.
Safety Induction for one and all in
Safety training also provided for
new recruits, new transfers or
promotions and new Managers.
On the job training in safety is very
important for e.g. operators on
Training methods like refresher
courses, seminars and mentoring
at site are useful.
Procedure for Incident investigation,
reporting and follow up to be set up.
Aim is to improve future safety by
Investigation into any accident, incident
and near miss is conducted immediately.
Senior Management should be involved
in this activity.
To demonstrate commitment.
To demonstrate concern for individual
To identify immediate causes and
To authorize immediate action.
Follow up should be rapid and effective.
Publish the findings for wider
dissemination via safety alerts/
Internal mechanism for reporting,
investigating & remedying Near Misses.
Establish forum to communicate all
Communication medium to suit the
language of the work force with due
attention to not so common languages.
Tool box meeting for every day or at the
beginning of every new task.
Safety notice board at prominent
location covering safety performance of
the project with full details of L.T.I.
Safety posters, slogans and video films
on accident study.
Safety News Letters and Safety Alerts
for lateral learning from other sites and
Safety Suggestion scheme rewards and
implementation of good schemes.
Recognize the good performance and
discipline others who are not observing
the necessary safety.
Vendors are pre assessed for their
competence to carry out the subcontracted work.
Vendors are told about expected safety
standards in line with the main contract
Sub-contractor¶s workforce to attend all
safety meeting when working at site.
Sub-contractor¶s workforce is
monitored and audited for necessary
Accidents related problems & losses,
remains main contractor¶s legal
Failure of sub ± contractor safety may
have cascading effect on the main