What is recruiting? How can you recruit people for your organization.....
What is Recruiting
Recruiting Once an organization identifies its human resource needs through employment planning, it can begin the process of recruiting potential candidates for actual or anticipated organizational vacancies.
Recruiting brings together those with jobs to fill and those seeking jobs. To provide information that will attract a significant pool of qualified candidates and discourage unqualified ones from applying.
Factors that affect recruiting efforts
± Organizational size ± Employment conditions in the area ± Working conditions, salary and benefits offered ± Organizational growth or decline
Constraints on recruiting efforts include:
± Organization image (Everyone wants to work with this organization) ± Job attractiveness (Candidates attracted towards glossy jobs) ± Internal organizational policies (Promotions) ± Government influence, such as discrimination laws (i.e an airline company cannot neglect men or aged females just because they want to have young females as air hostess) ± Recruiting costs
Sources should match the position to be filled. The Internet is providing many new opportunities to recruit and causing companies to revisit past recruiting practices. Sources:
± Internal Searches ± Employee Referrals/ Recommendations ± External Searches ± Alternatives
The internal search Organizations that promote from within identify current employees for job openings:
± by using their HR management system ± by utilizing employee referrals
The internal search Advantages of promoting from within include
± good public relations ± morale building ± encouragement of ambitious employees and members of protected groups ± availability of information on existing employee performance ± cost-savings ± internal candidates¶ knowledge of the organization ± the opportunity to develop mid- and top-level managers
The internal search Disadvantages include: People might be promoted to the position where they cant perform well. Infighting for promotions can negatively affect the moral. It can stop new ideas and innovations. Morale problems can develop among those employees within the organization who feel qualified to do the job.
Employee referrals/recommendations Current employees can be asked to recommend recruits. Advantages include:
± the employee¶s motivation to make a good recommendation ± the availability of accurate job information for the recruit ± Employee referrals tend to be more acceptable applicants, to be more likely to accept an offer and to have a higher survival rate.
Employee referrals/recommendations Disadvantages include:
± the possibility of friendship being confused with job performance ± the potential for adverse impact
External searches Advertisements: Must decide type and location of ad, depending on job; decide whether to focus on job (job description) or on applicant (job specification). Three factors influence the response rate:
± identification of the organization ± labor market conditions ± the degree to which specific requirements are listed.
Blind box ads is an ad that does not identify the advertising organization.
External searches Employment agencies:
± Public or state employment services focus on helping unemployed individuals to find jobs. ± Private employment agencies provide more comprehensive services and are perceived to offer positions and applicants of a higher caliber.
Fees may be paid by employer, employee or both.
External searches Employment agencies: Management consulting, executive search or headhunter firms specialize in executive placement and hard-to-fill positions.
± Charge employers up to 35% of the first year salary ± Have nationwide contacts ± Do thorough investigations of candidates
External searches Schools, colleges, and universities:
± May provide entry-level or experienced workers through their placement services. ± May also help companies establish cooperative education assignments and internships.
External searches Unsolicited applicants (Walkins): May provide a stock of prospective applicants if there are no current openings. Cyberspace Recruiting: Nearly four out of five companies use the Internet to recruit employees. Commercial job-posting services continue to grow.